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Blasting and Explosives Quick Reference Guide

DISCLAIMER
The information and suggestions contained in this document concern explosive products that should only be dealt with by persons having the appropriate technical skills, training and licence. The results obtained from the use of such products depend to a large degree on the conditions under which the products are stored, transported and used. While Dyno Nobel makes every effort to ensure the details contained in the document are as accurate as possible, the conditions under which the products are used are not within its control. Each user is responsible for being aware of the details in the document and the product applications in the specific context of the intended use. If technical advice is required in the specific application of the products then you should contact Dyno Nobel for assistance. To the full extent permitted by law, Dyno Nobel makes no warranties in relation to the products it sells and bears no risk, responsibility or liability arising from the use of the products and the information in this document by the buyer or user of the products.

Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited (ACN 003 269 010) is a subsidiary of Incitec Pivot Limited (ACN 004 080 264). 70 Southbank Blvd, Southbank VIC 3006 ® DYNO, GROUNDBREAKING PERFORMANCE, TITAN, POWERMITE, DYNOSPLIT, FIRELINE, SANFOLD, Z-BAR, NONEL, COBRA, RINGPRIME, PRIMACORD, PRIMALINE, TROJAN, POWERMITE PLUS, POWERMITE THERMO & SCORPION are registered trademarks of the Dyno Nobel / Incitec Pivot Limited Group. SMARTSHOT is a registered trademark of DetNet South Africa (Pty) Limited. ™ BLAST HI-T, STINGER EXPLODER, STEMPAC, SUPERSTARTER, DYNOSTART and DYNOTRACKER are trademarks of Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.
REF0133/0211/AZZAUS/2K

The information provided in this brochure is confidential. It may not be disclosed to any person without the express written consent of Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited. You may only use this information if you are a customer of Dyno Nobel and you have been provided with it directly by an authorised representative of Dyno Nobel.

Ta k e 5! Rapid Hazard Assessment • Is the task new? • Is anything different? • Has anything changed since you last performed this task? • If so. Apply the controls. 5 Decide what is next. Use the Hazard Assessment Tool (HAT) to determine the risk after controls are applied. STOP. What are the main hazards involved in carrying out the task? 3 List the controls. THINK and apply the Take 5 steps! 1 Describe the task. What controls will you use to reduce the risk? 4 Assess the risk. What is the task you are about to do? 2 List the Hazards. Is it safe to proceed with the task? Are additional controls required? © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. .

usually 8 milliseconds. compared to ANFO. Pre-split A controlled blast in which decoupled charges are fired in holes on the perimeter of the excavation prior to the main firing. Flyrock Rock that is propelled through air from a blast. Fragmentation Measure to describe the size of distribution of broken rock after blasting. Spacing The distance between boreholes in the same row. Swell factor The ratio of the volume of broken rock to the volume of in-situ rock. Velocity of detonation The velocity at which a detonation progresses through an explosive. Column charge A continuous charge of explosives in a borehole. Relative Bulk Strength (RBS) The energy yield per unit volume of an explosive compared to ANFO.G lossar y h eadl i ne Airblast Airborne shock wave resulting from the detonation of explosives. propagation of a stable detonation. Explosive Any chemical or mixture of chemicals that can react to produce an explosion. Decoupling The use of explosive products having smaller volume than the volume of the blasthole it occupies. Detonation pressure The pressure created in Relative Weight Strength (RWS) The energy yield per unit mass of an explosive the reaction zone of a detonating explosive. Ground vibration Ground movement caused by the stress waves emanating from a blast. Borehole pressure The pressure which the gasses of detonation exert on the borehole wall. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Delay blasting The use of delay detonators or connectors to separate charges by a defined time. Stemming Inert material used to confine the gasses generated during detonation. Initiation The act of detonating explosives by any means. Particle velocity The speed of movement in a given direction of a rock or soil mass. Line drilling A method of overbreak control which uses a series of closely spaced holes that are not charged. Charge weight The amount of explosive charge in kilograms. Free face A rock surface that provides the rock with room to expand when blasted. Maximum Instantaneous Charge (MIC) Mass of explosive detonating in some Critical diameter The minimum diameter for defined time period. Cutoffs A portion of an explosive column that has failed to detonate due to rock movement. . Loading density The weight of explosives per metre of borehole. Density mass per unit volume. Overbreak Excessive breakage of rock beyond the desired excavation limit. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. Back break Rock broken beyond the limits of the last row.

.1416 (the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter) AWS = Absolute weight strength B= Drilled burden (m) BH = Bench height (m) C= Explosive column height or charge length (m) D= Hole diameter in millimetres © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.Blast design terminology and formulas Drilled Burden (B) Drilled Spacing (S) Hole Diameter (D) Backbreak Bench Height (BH) Stem Height (SL) New Crest (After Mucking) Crest Hole Length (L) Floor Toe Burden Face Angle (FA) (C) Explosive Column Height Free Face Crest Burden Subdrill (SD) Toe Hole length (L) = Charge length (C) = Blast volume (V) = Blasted tonnes (T) = Volume of blasthole (Vb) = Mass of explosive per hole (kg) = PF (kg/m3) = PF (kg/t) = RWS = RBS = Energy factor = Vertical length of angled holes = BH + SD L – SL B x S x BH x N V x Density of rock in t/m3 π x D2/4000 x L Volume of hole length charged x Explosive density Total explosives in the blast/blast volume Total explosives in the blast/blasted tonnes AWS of explosive/AWS of ANFO x 100 (RWS explosive x explosive density)/(ANFO density) PF x RWS Measured hole length x cos ∝ L= N= PF = RBS = RWS = S= SD = SL = T= V= Hole length (m) Number of holes in a blast Powder factor Relative bulk strength Relative weight strength Drilled spacing (m) Subdrill (m) Stemming length (m) Blasted tonnes Blast volume (m3) ∝= Angle subtended from the vertical by the inclined hole π= 3. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

5 Soft 0.35 0.4 – 0. .4 – 0.25 – 0.2 – 0.7 – 0.5 good fragmentation : > 3.2) x B Burden stiffness ratio = BH/B : 2 to 3.5 x production blast burden (B) 10 x D 0.5kg per square metre of face Smooth Blasting Spacing = Burden = Stem holes.25 x Spacing Fire as many holes as possible on one delay.9 Medium 0.15 x B (This gives an equilateral pattern) Subdrill = (3 to 15) x D Charge length (C) ≥ 20 D Stemming ≥ 20 x D or (0.25 Typical powder factors used in presplit and smooth blasting Hole diameter PF (kg/m2) Hard 0.7 – 1. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Blast hole diameter in mm ≤ 15 x Bench height (BH) in metres Bench height (BH) in metres ≥ (Blast hole diameter (D) in mm)/15 Burden (B) = (25 to 40) x (D) Spacing (S) = 1.15 – 0.3 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. or in groups of ≥ 5 holes Hole diameter x 12 0.R u les of thumb These rules provide a first estimate in the absence of any better data.6 – 0.8 0.5 very good fragmentation Stemming material size = D/10 to D/20 (Angular material with minimum fines) Presplit blasting Spacing = Burden = Uncharged length at top = Powder factor = Do not stem holes.5 0. Fire all holes on the same delay. 15 x Hole diameter (hard rock) 20 x Hole diameter (soft rock) 1. Powder factors Typical powder factors used in mass blasts Rock type Hard Medium Soft Very Soft PF (kg/m3) 0.

Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.A ngl e f ac e d ho le s Calculating burdens Crest Burden (CB) Face Angle (FA) Vertical Stemming Length (VSL) Hole Angle (HA) Toe Burden (TB) Crest Burden (CB) Vertical Stemming Length (VSL) Toe Burden (TB) = Distance blasthole collar is from crest = ( measured stemming length x cos [HA] ) = Burden at floor level = ( [tan (FA) x bench height] + CB ) – ( tan [HA] x bench height ) © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. .

50 8.00 11.50 25.50 8.25 2.00 38.50 10.00 8.50 57.50 81.50 30.38 24.00 32.50 5.94 4.00 24.00 121.13 3.00 102.13 3.00 13.00 19.00 12.25 6.00 13.88 9.00 6.00 108.00 66.50 5.81 3.50 22.50 34.50 24.00 110.00 52.50 1.00 9.50 22.00 10.50 15.00 4.25 1.75 65.00 42.00 66.38 9.00 30.50 8.00 32.00 60.00 100.00 1.00 93.75 5.00 32.00 48.63 22.50 22.00 61.00 48.00 75.25 30.25 40.25 9.88 5.00 1.00 24.00 9.00 108.50 78.75 17.38 23.75 52.00 47.50 20.00 3.13 20.00 3.00 16.06 5.25 76.00 3.50 45.50 21.75 4.50 2.50 2.00 30.00 82.00 77.50 9.25 1.50 50.00 24.88 19.00 13.75 18.00 55.75 3.00 72.50 30.00 12.88 6.38 2.00 48.75 9.00 33.50 6.75 68.50 78.50 49.50 8.00 19.00 9.00 84.50 60.00 5.00 114.75 12.00 95.25 31.00 33.00 11.00 14.75 10.00 33.00 26.50 21.00 13.50 5.00 2.50 7.00 10.25 21.00 23.00 22.00 70.88 2.00 82.00 68.50 1.00 6.50 14.00 77.13 3.00 37.00 6.38 5.00 2.25 13.50 21.50 3.25 76.00 61.50 88.50 40.00 7.00 8.13 7.00 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.50 20.75 66.00 16.00 7.25 7.00 1.00 17.75 2.00 27.00 63.50 13.00 28.50 2.25 45.00 85.00 11.50 50.25 10.00 51.50 39.00 55.00 5.75 20.50 6.00 9.00 5.25 1.00 47.00 33.63 22.63 6.00 30.50 13.50 63.63 11.00 24.63 6.50 9.00 80.00 12.00 17.75 22.75 16.25 2.00 14.00 29.63 15.13 3. Note: Tonnes of rock blasted can be calculated by multiplying the volume of rock by the density of the rock.00 60.44 3.00 4.50 13.50 63.50 12.00 120.00 132.50 4.00 6.00 29.00 9.50 26.00 80.75 45.CUBIC METRES OF ROCK PER METRE OF BLASTHOLE SPACING (Metres) 5.50 52.00 42.00 6.75 85.00 48.00 10.00 22.25 40.25 18.50 5.00 54.00 12.00 3.00 8.50 99.00 45.25 17.75 4.50 90.25 60.75 1.00 93.50 45.00 11.00 2.75 15.00 39.75 4.50 3.13 28.00 42.50 56.00 22.75 45.25 28.00 5.00 84.00 2. Calculation Cubic metres of rock per metre of blasthole (V) = burden (B) x spacing (S) .50 4.00 76.00 42.00 6.00 71.50 110.63 11.00 15.00 16.00 16.50 4.63 2.50 67.75 16.00 13.56 6.00 63.13 7.50 12.50 30.75 26.00 36.75 12.00 57.00 HOLE BURDEN (Metres) 1.00 102.00 34.00 59.75 2.00 85.50 10.00 5.00 45.50 51.00 11.00 90.38 3.75 67.25 9.50 114.50 42.50 11.88 19.88 7.00 1.00 21.00 56.38 4.50 35.75 7.00 7.75 52.50 35.00 80.00 48.50 27.00 64.00 7.88 1.00 90.00 4.00 6.81 4.19 6.25 33.25 17. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.50 10.00 38.50 3.25 7.50 18.50 70.00 120.75 10.25 1.25 14.00 12.00 7.25 8.00 10.25 2.75 31.50 29.00 42.25 15.50 27.00 104.00 37.25 12.00 17.50 2.25 58.75 3.00 19.00 44.00 55.00 32.75 2.75 26.50 5.56 1.63 6.00 72.75 85.00 71.25 4.50 40.75 2.00 96.50 18.50 3.25 2.00 72.00 65.00 58.00 11.75 24.00 36.00 36.38 3.00 21.38 12.75 31.25 75.00 27.25 6.50 20.75 Vol ume ta h eadl i ne ble 2.25 95.50 42.88 18.50 4.63 15.50 25.00 3.00 71.00 12.50 7.50 9.00 144.00 76.50 1.25 35.50 72.00 90.50 71.63 4.00 36.00 29.00 55.00 10.00 14.25 20.25 1.44 4.81 3.50 17.00 88.00 18.00 2.00 16.00 96.00 66.00 40.00 104.00 38.00 31.75 7.75 36.25 6.00 28.13 15.00 25.00 18.50 15.50 45.19 5.00 38.25 22.00 49.00 20.00 132.00 26.25 7.38 5.00 42.00 38.00 36.00 60.19 2.50 28.50 8.00 4.50 99.88 8.50 54.00 6.75 24.00 54.50 15.13 8.00 2.00 72.00 56.50 90.25 59.75 27.00 80.00 18.50 3.

79 8.38 23.14 2.95 1.29 6.49 127.92 11.62 5.80 0.000 Where D is the hole diameter in mm P is the explosive density in g/cm3 To determine the loading factor for explosive densities not listed.80 29.84 22.57 8.53 0.20 6.58 60.77 10.70 40.49 0.18 5.13 1.96 114.50 5.68 6.14159 x D2 x P / 4.72 12.11 13.75 21.59 25.06 43.44 4.25 70.68 0.25 4.77 11.70 18.25 5.55 3.05 20.00g/cm3 column then multiply it by the required density in g/cm3.70 27.52 11.21 202.25 2.59 2.20 7.35 45.91 45.88 29.01 48.47 20.30 8.86 20.76 119.35 35.47 0.37 9.15 7.42 16.64 0.77 40.76 26.90 3.24 20.84 1.40 10.34 26.85 22.42 0.53 0.98 65.08 72.97 1.19 1.86 32.91 2.83 23.60 10.13 8.88 0.27 70.56 26.89 15.04 13.67 57.08 47.08 42.92 1.15 19.96 37.63 1.02 68.03 13.42 19.29 82.05 33.22 40.12 8.83 25.40 26.25 13.95 1.97 18.31 42.80 68.80 8.81 10.62 11.80 1.07 48.33 6.30 14.21 31.57 15.21 10.81 2.54 30.09 1.64 26.86 0.10 17.09 2.99 33.23 2.32 10.39 12.07 13.88 12.97 64.13 62.75 34.12 64.56 36.93 14.07 44.52 25.31 83.15 23.23 4.31 24.47 55.62 13.84 38.66 69.36 1.37 13.69 39.14 45.19 79.03 12.73 3.76 3.48 50.88 16.44 12.12 7.23 15.43 79.76 8.15 1.39 0.78 22.86 21.90 0.89 14.20 16.22 3.98 38.42 3.01 155.39 11.08 2.27 3.30 2.00 5.48 0.22 5.85 4.66 3.87 31.51 9.39 10.43 56.41 131.95 16.74 58.13 47.81 27.66 1.58 34.94 32.60 37.30 0.61 217.40 24.68 9.29 93.19 10.60 0.13 28.52 17.52 24.81 28.59 37.76 1.09 21.51 1.43 1.71 163.14 5.91 15.05 1.01 21.98 37.16 10.08 14.06 3.80 15.54 5.85 0.30 1.95 6.53 2.13 35.52 0.48 43.02 1.90 6.04 1.37 36.51 8.76 5.09 9.44 0.42 32.09 29.31 5.96 20.86 4.26 61.91 132.17 108. Please consult the "Gassing density for Titan blends" table for further information.75 148.84 32.08 10.54 11.66 4.43 10.27 62.71 9.18 19.90 7.11 9.76 20.85 25.40 9.24 12.54 34.81 13.87 21.25 51.35 159.97 49.14 54.84 42. The density of gassed products varies according to depth in an explosive column and the open cup density.31 22.93 2.16 3.23 1.33 17.91 22.Hole Diameter mm in Kg of explosive per meter of column for given density (g/cm3)* L oadi ng d e nsity 0.84 7.15 2.40 Hole Diameter mm in *For non-gassed products only.57 41.58 30.59 0.78 23.51 31.40 12.44 8.16 17.06 20.96 0.80 68.07 16.32 4.55 46.68 3. 25 32 38 45 51 57 64 70 76 83 89 95 102 108 114 121 127 133 140 146 152 159 165 172 178 187 200 203 216 229 251 254 270 279 311 381 445 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 3 1/4 3 1/2 3 3/4 4 4 1/4 4 1/2 4 3/4 5 5 1/4 5 1/2 5 3/4 6 6 1/4 6 1/2 6 3/4 7 7 1/4 7 1/2 8 8 1/2 9 9 1/2 10 10 1/2 11 12 1/4 15 17 1/2 0.68 48.41 43.13 1.64 41.19 49.64 53.39 6.59 25.93 3.41 77.61 139.92 12.63 3.87 74.73 14.06 3.67 4.07 23.20 0.70 7.16 85.59 14. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.05 20.03 8.14 75.94 2.91 0.60 5.72 1.30 57.74 12.17 2.88 18.24 24.42 0.53 2.54 3.75 Calculation Kg/m = 3.70 10.72 28.95 7.71 32.91 16.20 1.10 5.30 1.53 19.94 80.05 1.75 1.42 59.15 35.68 0.15 8.27 29.22 6.02 6.93 19.83 14.35 7.11 171.64 3.60 66.10 18.54 0.53 7.84 67.53 102.29 0.49 7.81 6.56 0.13 32.22 7.60 6.00 1.19 0.31 3.84 2.38 60.34 5.81 39.76 23.35 2.47 2.45 43.39 16.98 4.25 19.40 27.70 4.54 64.60 51.59 2.10 1.09 8.65 13.41 91.24 18. .91 13.08 1.08 178.94 18.57 4.29 16.81 186.30 1.39 58.32 124.48 98.50 7.20 14.74 2.45 24.22 13.50 13.99 9.43 4.21 32.45 21.33 65.89 21.95 50.53 55.63 0.83 17.84 43.55 23.57 96.42 25.87 5.73 7.57 11.44 25.53 34.90 17.41 6.71 73.17 9.82 0.04 2.36 125.31 47.77 68.99 5.67 51.45 3.56 87.33 3.70 38.62 30.24 9.20 60.58 19.35 1.69 49.01 42.40 40.46 4.78 15.98 0.35 8.53 45.64 1.72 3.28 15.99 12.66 0.74 25 32 38 45 51 57 64 70 76 83 89 95 102 108 114 121 127 133 140 146 152 159 165 172 178 187 200 203 216 229 251 254 270 279 311 381 445 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 1 3/4 2 2 1/4 2 1/2 2 3/4 3 3 1/4 3 1/2 3 3/4 4 4 1/4 4 1/2 4 3/4 5 5 1/4 5 1/2 5 3/4 6 6 1/4 6 1/2 6 3/4 7 7 3/8 7 7/8 8 8 1/2 9 9 1/2 10 10 5/8 11 12 1/4 15 17 1/2 0.41 22.86 4.31 147.95 29.47 8.44 5.66 27.80 36.25 1.13 19.60 24.99 29.50 26.68 2. select the loading factor for the size hole in the 1.35 11.67 13. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.74 18.21 93.07 2.38 7.72 27.04 4.37 102.50 12.91 209.31 51.55 153.83 2.90 55.38 4.57 2.88 27.08 4.67 2.93 17.46 31.98 16.23 11.58 9.27 1.90 9.70 9.37 33.28 17.54 5.95 53.37 28.69 1.73 4.35 1.87 19.73 19.59 106.16 136.91 6.34 11.80 30.62 15.85 15.17 6.27 14.93 1.36 91.85 30.96 1.98 45.44 6.48 21.21 11.62 10.67 18.37 54.40 0.47 18.59 16.72 4.86 3.

24 1.28 1.19 1. It is necessary to allow at least this time to elapse between completion of loading and stemming the charged blasthole.28 1.26 1.02 1.16 1.26 1.31 1.27 1.28 Open Cup Density (g/cm 3) 1.26 1.13 1.13 1.28 1.06 1.28 1.04 1.02 1.27 1.26g/cm3 in the 1.30 1.97 0.22 1.03 1.31 1.30 1.16 1.27 1.26 1.28 1. The columns of the Table indicate the likely density profile with depth to be found in the explosive column for a certain open cup density.10 1.28 1.14 1. 8.31 1.03 1. use the nearest given value.25 1.29 1.20 1. locate the Open Cup Density column used and read off the density value for half the depth of the blast hole.31 1. In wet hole conditions the value selected from the left hand column must be the sum of the product column plus the height of the water column in the hole.10 1.26 1.30 1.23 1.24 1.24 1.29 1.26 1.09 1.31 1.23 1.27 1.09 1.24 1. Moving to the right. To determine the approximate average in-hole density of the gassed product loaded.29 1.98 1. The gassing reaction takes 30-40 minutes to achieve the desired open cup density at 20C.30 1.31 1.27 1.27 1.95 0.99 1.26 1.10 1.29 1.18 1.22 1.26 1.30 1.22 1. and a pressure gradient in the explosive will be established. The open cup density is a measure of the level of sensitization of the product.25 1.27 1. Emulsion explosive blends behave as liquids when subjected to the gravitational stress in a vertical blast hole.17 1.12 1.09 1.22 1.13 1.15 1.28 1.25 1.24 1.30 1.20 1.30 1.23 1.28 1.21 1.21 1.17 1.20 1.07 1.14 1.20 1.11 1.27 1.17 1.26 1.28 1.23 1. and the column will detonate upon initiation.19 1.16 1.26 1.23 1.12 1.26 1.29 1. USE OF TABLE 1 1. . This indicates that sufficient gassing chemicals should be added to the gassed explosive blend during delivery so that an open cup density of 1.23 1.27 1.19 1. For the Titan 2050 blend.07 1.24 1.21 1.22 1.30 1.31 1.30 1.06 1.30 1.21 1.00g/cm3 is achieved.25 1. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.22 1.00 1. This table applies for TITAN 2000 emulsion blends with an emulsion content of 60 wt % or greater.29 1.97 0.30 1.18 1. 5.31 1.26 1.27 1.23 1.25 1.90 0.29 1.08 1.24 1.28 1.28 1. the higher the internal pressure at the bottom of the column. To determine the required open cup density for an explosive column of 50m (say).17 1.25 1.19 1.95 0.31 1.24 1.16 1.15 1.29 1.28 1.12 1.29 1.29 1.20 1. The density values shown were calculated using a laboratory validated mathematical model.25 1.00 g/cm3 open cup density column).07 1.25 1.23 1.31 Variation in the density of TITAN 2000 emulsion blends with depth for different open cup densities.20 1.30 1.18 1. For depths that are not listed.27 1.26 1. and the larger the quantity of gassing chemicals which need to be added to provide sensitization. 7. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.29 1.00 1. If the height of the product and water column exceeds the depth of the hole then the value selected from the left hand column must be the hole depth.25 1. Densities in bold (highlighted) are at the critical density of the explosive and these open cup densities should not be used for that depth of explosive column.21 1.27 1.26 1.14 1. A longer period should be allowed at lower temperatures.29 1.30 1.15 1.31 1.22 1.17 1.29 1. 3.28 1.27 1.19 1.24 1.28 1.26 1. For higher density TITAN 3000 and TITAN 5000 emulsion blends.20 g/cm3.01 1.29 1.29 1.28 1.12 1.18 1. It is necessary to add sufficient quantities of gassing chemicals to ensure that the density of the explosive at the bottom of the blast hole is less than the critical density.29 1. The higher the explosive column in the blast hole.29 1.25 1.30 1.14 1.30 1.08 1.22 1. 2.19 1.26 1.13 1. find 50m in the Depth column.25 1. 6. it may be used as a conservative guide.21 1.25 1.04 1. 9. 1.28 1.30 1.12 1.31 1. This level of gassing chemicals will ensure that the density at the bottom of the column will be below the critical density.31 1.23 1.15 1.10 1. 4. read off the density immediately before the bolded density data begins (here.11 1.21 1.16 1.G a s si ng de nsity for TI TA N ® b len d s Density of TITAN 2000 emulsion blends in an explosive column at different depths for different open cup densities Depth (m) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 28 32 36 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 0.24 1.18 1.27 1. due to the low emulsion content the minimum open cup density should be no lower than 1.31 1.31 1. The left hand column in this table indicates the height of the product column under dry hole conditions.26 0.30 1.29 1.20 1.06 1.19 1.31 1.27 1.27 1.30 1.28 1.10 1.05 1.92 0.05 1.

31 cubic feet (ft ) 3 in3 yd3 m 3 Area cm2 m 2 0.69 lb / yd3 Mass kilogram (kg) metric tonne (t) ounce Avoirdupois (oz) 28.56 centigrade fahrenheit centigrade + 17.C onver si o n ta ble This unit Multiplied by Converts to This unit Multiplied by Converts to Length metres (m) inches (in) kilometres (km) 3.57 Divided by 0.74 3.28 25.370 feet (ft) inches (in) Density lbs / ft3 gm / cm 3 16.10 0.09 1.34 calorie ft-lb ft-lb horsepower Temperature fahrenheit -32 0.280 39.35 ounce Troy (oz) grains 31.4 0.10 lb short tons Speed m / sec in / sec km / hour 3.06 (cm3 or cc) cubic metres (m3) 1.78 1.24 0.09 Divided by in2 in2 m2 This unit US gallon ounces (US fluid) Converts to litres (l) cm3 This unit ft2 Converts to © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.400 millimetres (mm) 0.20 1.50 100 Energy joule calorie kilowatt 0.00 0.621 miles Powder Factor kg / m3 1.8 Volume cubic centimetres 0.70 bar bar 14.62 ft / sec mm / sec miles / hour Pressure psi 6.06 grams (g) grams (g) grams (g) 2.79 29.89 kPa psi psi kPa atmosphere (atm) 14.16 1550. .43 kg / m3 lbs / ft3 25.02 62.03 3. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

3 0.2 – 0. .76 5.00 2.96 1.3 50 – 200 60 – 90 0.2 8 – 50 Unconfined Compressive Strength (MPa) 78 – 412 Young’s Modulus (GPa) 20 – 100 0.89 2.P ro p er t i es o f ty pical rock ty p es Material Solid Density (t/m3) Basalt Bauxite Clay – dense.14 – 0.1 – 0.44 85 – 350 50 – 160 20 – 150 26 – 100 5 – 86 8 – 30 0.56 2.1 – 0.36 2.80 4.25 Poisson’s Ratio © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.15 – 0.50 2. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.1 – 0.64 3.1 – 0.1 – 0.15 – 0.70 2.1 – 0. Bituminous Dolerite Dolomite Earth.72 2. wet Coal. Anthracite Coal. moist Gneiss Granite Gypsum Iron ore Limestone Limonite Magnetite Marble Mica-Schist Porphory Quartzite Sandstone Shale Silica Sand Siltstone Slate Talc 3.05 2.40 2.25 2.23 78 – 240 100 – 275 25 – 60 25 – 70 0.58 2.80 2.05 1.56 2.64 98 – 196 30 – 90 0.80 2.72 2.70 1.88 2.19 0.60 1.2 0.34 290 – 500 15 – 118 20 – 84 0.48 2.35 10 – 245 10 – 80 0.

P er imet e r c o ntro l Perimeter blasting is a technique to reduce the overbreak/backbreak on a blast.3 to 0. in kg/m Burden © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.6 kg/m2) Length of charged hole Spacing between holes PF = PF = L= S= D= D= QL = B= L x QL B x S x PF Centre – centre distance between cartridges (mm) Charge density of the explosive. . It usually utilises decoupled charges in closely spaced blastholes. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. The following formula can be used to estimate the centre to centre distances of cartridged product for pre-splitting. LxS 0.5 Required powder factor (usually 0.

33 -1.3 0.2 Typical K factors Unconfined Fully confined 185 3. and especially the explosives confinement.7 7 Windows rattle 1% of windows break Most windows break. distance. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. The severity of an airblast is dependant on explosive charge.A i r b l ast An airblast is an airborne shock wave that results from the detonation of explosives.2 – 1993 Human discomfort Onset of structure damage 120dB(lin) 130dB(lin) or historic buildings where no specific limit exists © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.3 Expected damage kPa 0. P=K Where P= K= Q= R= pressure (kPa) state of confinement maximum instantaneous charge (kg) distance from charge (m) [ QR ] 0. plaster cracks Sound level calculation Lp(dB) = 20 log [ 20 xP10 ] -9 Minimum levels quoted AS 2187. .

5 B peak particle velocity (mm/s) site and rock factor constant maximum instantaneous charge (kg) constant related to the rock and site (usually -1.2 – 1993) Housing and low rise residential buildings. long floor spans. V=K Where V= K= Q= B= R= [ QR ] 0. As this pressure wave moves from the borehole it forms seismic waves by displacing particles. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. a pressure wave is generated in the surrounding rock.G round vibra tio n When an explosive is detonated in a blasthole. hospitals. . dams or historic buildings where no specified limit exists 10 mm/s 25 mm/s 5 mm/s Expected damage PPV (mm/s) 13 Lower limit for damage to plaster walls 19 70 140 190 Lower limit for dry wall structures Minor damage >50% chance of minor damage to structures 50% chance of major damage © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. Commercial buildings not included below Commercial and industrial buildings or structures of reinforced concrete or steel constructions For high rise.6) distance from charge (m) Typical K factors Free face – hard or highly structured rock Free face average rock Heavily confined 500 1140 5000 Recommended maximum Peak Particle Velocities (AS 2187. The particle movement is measured to determine the magnitude of the blast vibration. Maximum particle vibration can be estimated using the following formula.

The first firing blasthole breaks both into the void offered by the uncharged relief holes and towards the free face provided by the tunnel face. Explosive loading densities in these blastholes are generally lower than those in the remainder of the blast.U nder gro und bla st d es ign Perimeter Holes Shoulder Holes Easer Holes Burncut Knee Holes Lifter Holes Shoulder hole Burncut These refer to those holes immediately below the back perimeter holes. The blastholes along the bottom of the developed round. Easer Lifters Perimeter blastholes © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. Proper performance of the lifters are essential in achieving good floor control. Hole adjacent to cut area. Perimeter blastholes are those which form the boundary of the tunnel. as their prime requirement is to minimise back-breakage and provide a good contour. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. The burncut consists of a group of blastholes arranged in a regular pattern around one or more uncharged relief holes. .

5W3 2 76 670 89 800 1200 1700 102 930 1400 1980 127 1180 1750 2400 W4 W3 C-C B3 ø mm W3 mm C-C W3 mm = = = 1000 = 1400 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. . n = number of reamer holes The cut: 1st square: ø mm a mm W1 mm = = = a = 1. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.5W3 W4 = 1.U nder gro und bla st d es ign Design of cut The following formulae are used for the geometric design of the cut area: For multiple reamer holes: ø = d n Where: d = diameter of empty reamer holes.5ø W1 = a 2 76 110 150 89 130 180 102 150 210 127 190 270 154 230 320 W1 a 2nd square: B1 = W1 C-C = 1.5W1 W2 = 1.5W1 2 76 89 180 270 380 102 210 310 440 127 270 400 560 154 320 480 670 B1 C-C ø mm W1 C-C W2 mm = = = = W1 W2 150 225 320 3rd square: B2 = W2 C-C = 1.5W2 W3 = 1.5W2 2 76 320 480 670 89 380 570 800 102 440 660 930 127 560 840 1180 154 670 1000 1400 W3 W2 C-C W2 ø mm W2 mm C-C W3 mm = = = = 4th square: B3 = W3 C-C = 1.

U nder gro und bla st d es ign Design of lifter & easer holes When the cut holes have been calculated.4 1.2 1. pneumatically charged © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. m 1.8 1. mm ANFO. the rest of the development round may be calculated. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.20g/cm3 30 Continuous lifter charge 38 41 45 48 51 51 Blasthole diameter. mm 30 35 38 41 45 48 51 POWERMITE® PRO in film cartridges.6 Charge concentration.2 2.6 1.1 1 0.4 2. kg/m Blasthole diameter.2 1.9 0.8 0.0 1. The round is divided into: • • • • • lifter holes side holes back holes easer holes with breakage upwards and horizontally easer holes with breakage downwards To calculate burdens (B) and charges for the different parts of the round the following graph may be used as a basis. Burden. Typical density = 1. mm Pipe charge diameter.6 0.0 2. .8 2.

05 – 1.0 2.86# 0.25* 1.05 – 1.3 3.86# 0.05 – 1.80 – 1.94# 1.5 3.93# 1.7 3.1 3.7 2.05 – 1.0 2.6 3.25* 1.25* 1.3 3.05# 1.25* 0.8 Recomm minimum hole diameter (mm) 102 102 102 102 127 203 102 102 102 102 102 76 89 89 102 127 89 76 76 76 102 102 102 102 152 203 102 102 102 102 35 35 35 * Inhole gassed product density is dependent on hole depth.9 2.32# 1.05 – 1.0 2.25* 1.05 – 1.80 – 1.05 – 1.9 2.25* 0. .4 3.25* 1.6 3.8 2.6 2.21# 1.20 – 1.23# 1.25* 1.5 3.05 – 1.25* 1.3 3.05 – 1.4 3.9 2.25 Energy (MJ/kg) 2.7 3.88# 0.2 3.2 3.25* 1. For blends with 50% emulsion or greater. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.05 – 1.80 – 1.05# 1. # Densities may vary due to variations in the AN prill density.05 – 1.6 3.25* 1.25* 0.10# 1.25* 1.8 2.9 2.31# 1.05 – 1.25 0.4 3.05 – 1.25 0.1 3. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.5 3.97# 1.25# 1.05 – 1.25* 1.1 3.1 3.9 2.25* 0.25* 1.B u lk prod uc ts TITAN® Emulsion Product TITAN 2000G (Gassed) TITAN 2010 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 2020 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 2030 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 2040 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 2050 (Blend) TITAN 2050G (Gassed) TITAN 2060G (Gassed) TITAN 2070G (Gassed) TITAN 2080G (Gassed) TITAN 2090G (Gassed) TITAN 3000G (Gassed) TITAN 3010 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 3020 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 3030 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 3040 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 3060G (Gassed) TITAN 3070G (Gassed) TITAN 3080G (Gassed) TITAN 3090G (Gassed) TITAN 5000G (Gassed) TITAN 5010 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 5020 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 5030 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 5040 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 5050 (Heavy ANFO) TITAN 5060G (Gassed) TITAN 5070G (Gassed) TITAN 5080G (Gassed) TITAN 5090G (Gassed) TITAN 7000 (Gassed) TITAN 7000i (Gassed) TITAN 7000SX (Gassed) % ANFO (wt%) 0 90 80 70 60 50 50 40 30 20 10 0 90 80 70 60 40 30 20 10 0 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 0 Density* (g/cm3) 1.05 – 1. please consult your Dyno Nobel representative to ensure the product is suitable for your application.

2. The addition of the letter “G” at the end indicates whether the product is gas sensitised eg TITAN 2070G = TITAN 2000 gassed blend containing 70 wt% emulsion or TITAN 2040 = TITAN 2000 heavy ANFO blend containing 40 wt% emulsion. Product selection guide – blast hole condition Product Emulsion %1 Dry 2 Use MST 3 (days) Dewatered 4 Blast Hole Conditions Use MST 3 (days) Wet 5 Use MST 3 (days) Dynamic 6 Use MST 3 (days) Product Use Sensitisation Required Delivery Method – – No Auger – – – – 14 14 No – – No – No – – Note 7 – 5 8 Yes 8 Pumped – – 5 8 5 8 12 14 14 14 10 20 30 40 50 Yes 14 14 Yes 12 14 Yes 12 Yes 8 8 12 14 14 14 14 14 14 60 70 80 90 100 NOTES: 1. Dyno Nobel emulsion blend names have a prefix indicating the emulsion type and a suffix indicating the emulsion weight %. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. 8. Please consult your Dyno Nobel representative to check if delivery via hose and/or gas sensitisation of this product is suitable. The MST is a guide for when the product is used in best case conditions and is likely to be less in practice. 6. If significant dynamic water is present. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. 7.B u lk prod uc ts How to select the right TITAN 2000 product for your needs The table below is a guide to choosing the right product for the blast hole condition and desired performance. Please consult your Dyno Nobel representative for more indepth advice. 5. You should use the Dyno Nobel Gassing Table to determine the appropriate open cup density for the hole depth. the suggested MST should be reduced. A dewatered hole is defined as not recharging with water. Dry hole is defined as a blast hole containing no water including no wet walls. These figures represent the average combined known performance results derived from laboratory testing and observed use in the field by customers over many years. Dynamic water is defined as a recharge rate of >1m in 30 mins. with the remaining composition being ANFO. 4. Emulsion blends containing 50% emulsion are typically auger loaded. A wet hole is defined as a blast hole containing static water. This product has reduced sensitivity and is recommended for hole depths <25m. MST = Maximum Sleep Time (days). 3. .

7 3.8 – 0.55 0.85 0.67 0.8 – 0. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.54 Theoretical energy comparison (MJ/kg) 3.95 Theoretical energy comparison (MJ/kg) RWS RBS 3.85 – 0.28 Recomm min hole (Poured) (mm) 40 50 50 Recomm min hole (Blow loaded) (mm) 32 – 40 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.3 Typical density (Blow loaded) g/cm3 0.87 0.95 Theoretical energy comparison (MJ/kg) RWS RBS 3.85 0.7 100 100 100 116 Recomm min hole (mm) 75 25 BLAST HI-T™ Typical density g/cm3 Poured Blow loaded 0.7 3.75 0.63 3.7 100 100 100 116 Recomm min hole (mm) 75 25 SANFOLD® SANFOLD® 70 SANFOLD® 50 SANFOLD® 30 Typical density (Poured) g/cm3 0.51 3.P ackaged pro duc ts ANFO Typical density g/cm3 Poured Blow loaded 0. .85 – 0.

5 12 36 10 35 9 36 8 36 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.5 m 3. Packaging Diameter (mm) 32 Charge (kg/m) 0.10 – 1.50 0. In reactive ground the maximum of sleep time available will vary according to the reactivity of the ground and temperature of use.0 m 3.0 m 4.5 m 4.5 m Z-BAR Edge Quantity per case Length per case 20 50 18 54 16 56 13 52 12 54 Z-BAR Lifter Quantity per case Length per case 15 37. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.893 Quantity (m/case) 30 Case Weight (kg) 25 Z-BAR® Z-BAR Edge Diameter (mm) Tube – 19 Primer – 29 29 Z-BAR Lifter Charge (kg/m) Tube – 0.P ackaged h eadl i ne pro duc ts DYNOSPLIT® RiGHT® Density (g/cm3) 1.30 Primer – 0. Please consult your Dyno Nobel customer representative in order for the required testing to ascertain the available sleep time to be performed.50 VoD 6500 6500 Maximum case weight (kg) 20 25 Z-BAR Edge Z-BAR Lifter Length 2. 2 In hot ground. .14 Velocity of Detonation 1 Emulsion Detonating Cord (m/s) 4700 – 5100 7000 Maximum Temperature and sleep time 2 100°C for 8 hours 1 VOD of product is dependent on VOD of detonating cord.

the degree of confinement and other factors. 2 VOD is dependent on product density. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.15 Energy (MJ/kg) 1 3. diameter. The values given are relative to ANFO at 0.81 Relative Weight Strength (%) 1 103 Relative Bulk Strength (%) 1 145 VOD (m/s) 2 4900 – 5300 1 All Dyno Nobel energy values are calculated using a proprietary Dyno Nobel thermodynamic code.82 g/cm3. Packaging POWERMITE PLUS 76mm x 400mm Cart Weight (kg) 25 kg Chubs per case 25 POWERMITE® PRO Typical density (g/cm3) 1.72 Quantity per 25kg case 219 60 135 34 33 21 15 121 183 VoD (m/s) 3400 Case weight kg 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 Average cartridge weight (g) 114 416 185 736 758 1190 1670 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.P ackaged pro duc ts POWERMITE PLUS® Typical Density (g/cm3) 1.23 Packaging 25mm x 200mm 25mm x 700mm 32mm x 200mm 32mm x 700mm 55mm x 400mm 65mm x 400mm 80mm x 400mm Theoretical energy comparison Energy (MJ/kg) RWS RBS <= 32mm 2. Other programs may give different values. .16 – 1.78 >= 45mm 2.

6 5g/m det cord 1 All Dyno Nobel energy values are calculated using a proprietary Dyno Nobel thermodynamic code. the degree of confinement and other factors. Packaging Powermite RiGHT pac 80mm x 400mm Cart Weight (kg) 25 kg Chubs per case 25 POWERMITE THERMO® Nominal Density (g/cm3) 1. the degree of confinement and other factors. diameter. The values given are relative to ANFO at 0.10 – 1.21 Energy (MJ/kg) 1 3. The values given are relative to ANFO at 0.82 g/cm3.60 Relative Weight Strength (%) 1 96 Relative Bulk Strength (%) 1 138 VOD (m/s) 2 4500 – 5400 1 All Dyno Nobel energy values are calculated using a proprietary Dyno Nobel thermodynamic code. 2 VOD is dependent on product density. diameter. Other programs may give different values. .60 Relative Weight Strength (%) 1 96 Relative Bulk Strength (%) 1 138 VOD (m/s) 2 5400 Sensitivity Detonation Pressure 3 8. 2 VOD is dependent on product density. Packaging Case Dimensions 540 x 336 x 240mm Cart Weight (kg) 25 kg Chubs per case 41 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.15 – 1. Other programs may give different values. 3 Calculated using an ideal thermodynamic code. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.82 g/cm3.14 Energy (MJ/kg) 1 3.P ackaged pro duc ts POWERMITE® RiGHT® pac Typical Density (g/cm3) 1.

2 9. 3 Wind configuration is currently Coiled.0 24. but Dyno Nobel intends to change this to Sidewinder by mid 2011.0 80.0 36.In it iat i on sy ste m s – d ow n h ole NONEL® MS Series Delay period (ms) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Clip colour Red Blue Brown Orange Aqua Gold Lime Green Pink Dark Green Purple Light Blue Light Green Mauve Mustard Crimson Yellow Dark Blue Green Orange White Rubine Red Grey Black Brown Red Blue Brown Orange Packaging Units per case 200 150 150 100 75 75 50 50 30 30 30 30 30 Standard Red 3.8 6.0 60.0 45.0 NONEL® tube: Colour Diameter Detonator Winding Configuration Standard Heavy Duty Coiled n/a Coiled Coiled Coiled Fig 80 3 Sidewinder 1 Fig 80 3 Sidewinder 2 Fig 80 Sidewinder 2 Fig 80 2 Sidewinder Fig 80 n/a Fig 80 n/a Spooled n/a Spooled n/a Spooled n/a Spooled n/a Spooled Heavy Duty Orange © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.0 30. but Dyno Nobel intends to change this to Sidewinder by mid 2011. 2 Wind configuration is currently Sleeved.0mm # 12 Strength Nominal firing time (ms) 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 450 475 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 Time between delays (ms) 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 NONEL MS Series NONEL MS Heavy Duty Series 1 Wind configuration is currently Coiled. but Dyno Nobel intends to change this to Figure 80 by mid 2011.0 18.0 15. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. Length (m) 4. .0 7.0 12.

In it iat i on sy ste m s – d ow n h ole NONEL® LP Series Delay period (ms) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Packaging Length (m) 4.8 5.0mm # 12 Strength Winding configuration Coiled* Coiled* Coiled* Coiled * Wind configuration is currently Sidewinder. .2 NONEL tube: Colour Diameter Detonator Clip colour White Red Blue Brown Orange Aqua Gold Lime Green Pink Black Purple Light Blue Dark Green Mauve Mustard Crimson Yellow Dark Blue Green Nominal firing time (ms) 25 500 800 1100 1400 1700 2000 2300 2700 3100 3500 3900 4400 4900 5400 5900 6500 7200 8000 Time between delays (ms) 25 475 300 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 600 700 800 Units per case 200 150 150 150 Standard Yellow 3.0 7. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. but Dyno Nobel intends to change this to Coiled by mid 2011.4 6. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.

8 6. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.0 15.0 Tube colour Detonator Clip capacity Clip colour Green Violet Yellow Red White Blue Black Dark Green Orange Gold Units per case 150 150 150 100 75 70 50 Yellow Low strength 6 Winding configuration Figure 80* Figure 80* Figure 80 Figure 80 Figure 80 Figure 80 Figure 80 * Wind configuration is currently Coiled. . © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. but Dyno Nobel intends to change this to Figure 80 by mid 2011.In it iat i on sy ste m s – op en -cu t NONEL® EZTL Series Delay period (ms) 0 9 17 25 42 67 109 150 176 200 Packaging Length (m) 4.0 18.2 9.0 7.0 12.

300) Tube Standard Yellow NONEL® Starter Packaging Length (m) 100 300 500 Tube Standard Units per case 15 4 4 Yellow Winding configuration Spooled Spooled Spooled © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.In it iat i on sy ste m s – op en -cu t NONEL® MS Connector Delay period (ms) 9 17 25 42 67 109 150 176 200 Packaging Units per case Tube Standard Clip colour Violet Yellow Red White Blue Black Dark Green Orange Gold 200 Orange NONEL® Lead Line Reel-off initiation system (no detonator) Length 1000m (two per case) VOD 2100m/sec (+/. . Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

6 8.5 8.7 4.In it iat i on sy ste m s Cast Boosters TROJAN SPARTAN TROJAN NBU Nominal weight (g) Diameter (mm) 36 55 55 46 Length (mm) 119 119 119 175 TROJAN RINGPRIME Units per case 48 20 20 42 Priming TROJAN® SPARTAN 150 TROJAN® SPARTAN 400 TROJAN® NBU 400 TROJAN® RINGPRIME® 150 400 400 250 Cap sensitive Cap sensitive Primacord 4 Cap sensitive NB: Spiders for RINGPRIME® have 125mm diameter and come in separate 70 unit lots.34 FIRELINE 8/40 RDX Packaging 2 x 500m rolls 2 x 350m rolls 2 x 305m rolls 2 x 305m rolls Minimum strength (kg) 68 68 45 68 PRIMACORD® 5 PRIMALINE® 10 PRIMALINE® 8HT FIRELINE® 8/40 RDX 5. .6 10. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.6 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.99 5 4. Detonating Cords PRIMACORD 5 PRIMALINE 10 Core load (g/m) PRIMALINE 8HT Diameter (mm) 3.

92 The maximum recommended continuous firing current is 10 amps per detonator.2 Units per case 18 18 18 18 18 18 8 6 © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.2 45/0. SMARTSHOT® Electronic Detonator System Packaging Length (m) 10/7 20/10 20/15 25/0.In it iat i on sy ste m s ELECTRIC SUPER STARTER™ Description Delay time (ms) Fuse Head resistance (ohm) Firing current.2 80/0.5 amps DC 1 amp AC or DC per detonator 2 amps AC or DC per series 3. (A) Series wiring Parallel wiring Series-in-parallel wiring Leg wires (m) Strength (#) 3 amps AC or 1.5 10 0 1. .2 35/0. minimum recommended.2 60/0. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.

It is a complete blasting machine. . This is to avoid unintentional firing of a blast. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. DYNOTRACKER™ The DYNOTRACKER is a device that attaches to the end of a standard charging hose used for loading ANFO. Both battery and electrode are easy to change. no other equipment being needed to initiate a NONEL tube. when applied inside a NONEL tube by the means of an electrode. Electrical energy is converted into a strong shock wave of high temperature that. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. 20 as primer caps. DYNOSTART uses a common 9V battery and a durable electrode. It has an integral safety device and uses Shot Shell Primers No. The electrode can be removed from the blasting machine at any time to prevent unauthorised usage. NONEL Starter Gun BLASTING MACHINE The NONEL Starter Gun is a simple and highly effective hand held blasting machine. initiates the tube. DynoStart is designed to require the use of both hands when initiating the blast. This device allows the use of ANFO as a perimeter charge in tunnelling applications. hereby eliminating the need for more expensive cartridged explosives.B last i ng a c c e sso ries DYNOSTART™ (DS2) ELECTRONIC BLASTING MACHINE DYNOSTART is a battery powered electronic blasting machine for initiation of NONEL® tube. robustly constructed from metal alloys and stainless steel.

A ready light illuminates when the firing capacitor is fully charged. . Length Diameter Construction 130mm 38mm extruded plastic STINGER EXPLODER™ 10 Shot The SB10 is a compact capactive discharge exploder. © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. dry blastholes. Constructed from extruded plastic. used in tunnelling and underground mine development. SCORPION comprises of four fins attached to a central spine and facilitates direct priming of ANFO and TITAN 7000 bulk emulsion in small diameter. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited. The unit is powered by 1. A removable magnetic key controls security of the firing mechanism and a push button operates the firing circuit.B last i ng a c c e sso ries SCORPION® The SCORPION is a device used to centralise detonators in the borehole.5V AA batteries.

© Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011.B last i ng a c c e sso ries Lo-Stat ANFO Hose The Lo-Stat ANFO Hose is a conductive thermoplastic tube used for delivery of explosives in underground applications.2 mm 2.6 mm 3.7 mm 15 – 25 KΩ <1.4mm – 27.4mm – 19. Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.6 MΩ 330-370 g/m 25mm hose 24. It is designed to be placed in a blast hole after the loading has been completed and be located 80cm below the explosive column.8mm – 30.6 MΩ 210-230 g/m STEMPAC™ The STEMPAC is a stemming device constructed using Stemtite blast control plugs and crushed aggregate in a scaled plastic package.4 mm 15 – 25 KΩ <1.6mm – 25.4 mm 29. The STEMPAC enables blastholes that have been drilled horizontal or at an angle above horizontal to be stemmed.3mm – 2. Assembled product include synthetic sleeve.7mm – 4. .6 mm 26. Disassembled components shown. Size of STEMPAC can vary depending on hole diameter. Description Internal Diameter Outside Diameter Wall Thickness Resistance/m metre Total Resistance (whole coil) Nominal Weight Product specification 20mm hose 18.

Reproduction without permission is strictly prohibited.B last i ng a c c e sso ries Twin Twist Bell Wire Insulation colour Roll size Number of cores Current rating (A) Electrical Resistance @ 20°C(mΩ/m) per core Red and White Twist 500 metres 2 1.8 62 Firing Cable – Heavy Duty Insulation colour Red – Fig 8 outer sheath. .9 Roll size Number of cores Electrical Resistance @ 20°C(mΩ/m) per core © Dyno Nobel Asia Pacific Pty Limited 2011. Red and White core 100 metres 2 12.

www. Level 2 Eastpoint Plaza 233 Adelaide Terrace Perth WA 6000 Australia Telephone: +61 8 6188 3000 Fax: +61 8 9325 4910 Indonesia Jakarta Office PT.com . Taman Kemang 2 No. contact the Gibson Island.dynonobel. 27 Jakarta Indonesia 12730 Telephone: +62 21 7179 4791 Fax: +62 21 7179 4794 New South Wales Mt Thorley Technical Centre 5 Woodland Road Mt Thorley NSW 2330 Australia PMB 17 Singleton NSW 2330 Australia Telephone: +61 2 6574 2500 Fax: +61 2 6574 6849 Papua New Guinea For PNG enquiries. dnx Indonesia Park View Plaza. Brisbane office. 1/F Jl.D yno No be l Asia P acif ic Queensland Principal Place of Business 282 Paringa Road Gibson Island Murarrie Qld 4172 Australia PO Box 3559 Tingalpa DC Qld 4173 Australia Telephone: +61 7 3026 3900 Fax: +61 7 3026 3999 Western Australia Perth Office Suite 3.