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ALCplus2

ACM radio link

ALCplus2

Training items
1. 2. 3. 4. ALCplus2 SCT or WEBLCT console WEB LCT commands Link configuration

ALCplus2

IDU

ALCplus2 (single board)

ALCplus2

ALCplus2 HW configurations

ALplus2/ALCplus2

ODU AS 03 edition ASN

ODU
1+1 ODU

Unprotected ODU
AL plus and ALC plus ALplus2/ALCplus2 Copyright Siae Microelettronica S.p. a. 5 8

ALCplus2 Connectors
Alarm LEDs: STM1 (1+0/1+1) Nodal bus
1-8 9 - 16

URG, NURG, SW, TEST, power ON

16 E1 75/120 LAN 2, 4

-48Vdc (in parallel)

LAN 1, 3 RJ45 management Power supply Fuse LAN 3, 4 (optical) USB ODU cable

2 E1 75/120 Trib A and B


ALCplus2 6

Connection to equipment
LAN using an internet browser with the MNGT port
address

USB/RS232 using a serial connection using the


WebLCT Console (on SIAE site: http://siaemic.com and, after the login,
Download area, Software, WEB LCT). The connection address is assigned by the equipment itself) with

LCT port or RS232 port.

ALCplus2

SCT

ALCplus2

WEBLCT console

ALCplus2

Management ports
Traffic ethernet ports can be used for management (in a separated VLAN)

1/2

PC address assigned by IDU


ALCplus2 10

Management ports
EOC can arrive to IDU also through a Trib A or Trib B using a timeslot (slow)

2/2

In case of both equipments (loc. and rem.) in the same LAN


ALCplus2 11

WEB LCT
WEB LCT main menu is similar to SCT Equipment menu.

SCT: Equipment menu

This software manages a single terminal.


ALCplus2 12

In order to have the whole link in one page only, local equipment is declared managed by SCT, remote one is declared remote link. Opposite configuration on remote side.

Remote element list


Local

172.18.81.20 WEBLCT

172.18.81.22 WEBLCT

Local

ALCplus2
172.18.81.20 172.18.81.22

13

name and hardware activity

ALCplus2 status display


Tx active branch TDM ethernet capacity capacity connection

local alarms IDU C configuration

Rx active branch Tx and Rx ACM profiles


ALCplus2

RF channel and frequencies

Tx and Rx power

14

WEB LCT: equipment configuration


Configuration

Commands to configure a single equipment

ACM setting

Alarms thresholds, Tx and Rx switches Tributaries RF channel

ALCplus2

15

ALCplus2 IDU Configurator

1..8

ALCplus2

16

ALCplus2 Node connections


From LAN 1 of IDU8 From NB1 of IDU8

IDU 1

LAN 1 LAN2

NB1 NB2

IDU 2

LAN 1 LAN2

NB1 NB2

Node Traffic transport: Max 8


IDU 3
LAN 1 LAN2 NB1 NB2

TDM (E1) Nbus cable LAN LAN cable LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling
ALCplus2 17

.........
IDU 8
LAN 1 LAN2 NB1 NB2

To LAN 2 of IDU1

To NB2 of IDU1

ALCplus2 node manager (SCT only)


Example: 4 idu node
Commands

IDUs

IDUs connected through LAN

IDUs connected through NBus

ALCplus2

18

Nodal matrix
Its a logical matrix relevant a logical IDU made up by the physical IDUs
The cross connections between IDUx and the Nbus and Nbus and IDUx+1 are automatically performed

ALCplus2

19

Nodal matrix

ALCplus2

20

Nodal Ethernet switch configurator

ALCplus2

21

Nodal Port based VLAN


LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

Connections are bidirectional automatically

ALCplus2

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Node VLAN table

LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

ALCplus2

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VLAN table

ALCplus2

24

Ethernet ports of the IDUs of the node


IDU1 Interface

LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

ALCplus2

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Ethernet ports of the IDUs of the node


IDU1 VLAN

LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

ALCplus2

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Ethernet ports of the IDUs of the node


IDU1 priority

LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

ALCplus2

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Ethernet ports of the IDUs of the node


IDU1 LAN3 loop

LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

ALCplus2

28

Ethernet ports of the IDUs of the node


IDU1 LAN3 STP

LAN1 and LAN2 are used for cabling

ALCplus2

29

STP mode of each IDU

ALCplus2

30

STM1 synchronisation - ALCplus2

ALCplus2

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T2 / T3 1

ALCplus2

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T2 / T3 2

ALCplus2

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Synchro status

Clock internally generated

All the sync. sources are degraded (out > 9.9 ppm) or missing. The IDU keeps the estimation of the last good source used
Source with the higher priority is present, with good quality and selected
ALCplus2 34

ACM setting
Radio capacity:
Ethernet Permanent TDM (high priority E1) Extra TDM (low priority E1)

ACM enable: bandwidth and


reference modulation (its mask can not be exceeded by any ACM profile)

ACM disable: bandwidth and used


modulation

Downshift (from 256QAM to 4QAM): the modulation complexity and the radio capacity decrease. Upshift (from 4QAM to 256QAM): the modulation complexity and the radio capacity increase. For each modulation profile the number of extra TDM (and then the Ethernet bitrate) can be set. ALCplus2 35

Permanent and extra E1


Permanent: E1 present with all ACM profile Extra
In ALCplus2 the first 2 extra are A and B

Capacity for E1 streams

ALCplus2

36

Extra TDM priority and order


As you need A, B and after 1-16

1-16 and after A, B

Keep attention to set the same config. in order to mantain the traffic
ALCplus2 37

Adaptive Code Modulation


ACM profiles

1/2

In ALplus2/ALCplus2 radio family uses Adaptive Code and Modulation (ACM) in order to employ the correct modulation profile depending on the Rx signal quality. Available ACM profiles are the following: 4QAM strong These profiles operate in an RF channel with the following 4QAM bandwidth: 8 PSK 7 MHz 16 QAM 14 MHz 32 QAM ODU pass band filters 64QAM 28 MHz 128QAM 56 MHz 256 QAM

ACM switching
The usage of the previous modulation profiles in a fixed channel bandwidth results in a variable capacity. The criteria defining the necessity of an ACM switching, upshift or downshift, is the Rx S/N ratio. Upshift When there is an increase of received S/N, within the same Channel Spacing, the modulation complexity is increased in the direction from 4QAM strong to 256QAM increasing the spectral efficiency Downshift When there is a decrease of received S/N, within the same Channel Spacing, the modulation is reduced in the direction from 256QAM to 4QAM strong reducing the spectral efficiency,

ALCplus2

38

Adaptive Code Modulation


ACM setting

2/2

The ACM can vary modulation profiles between two extremes defined by the operator through software configuration: Upper Modulation and Lower Modulation. Upper Modulation When propagation into the given radio channel is in the better condition (high Rx S/N), the radio link is working at the maximum throughput defined at Upper Modulation: the highest modulation profile that ACM can employ Lower modulation When propagation into the given radio channel is in the worst condition (low Rx S/N), the radio link is working at the minimum throughput, defined at Lower Modulation: the lowest modulation profile that ACM can employ

Tx Power mode
Tx power mode can be set as Constant Peak or Constant Average (constant bolometer measurement). Constant Peak Tx power is at maximum at 4QAM and at 256QAM is reduced (typical 4.5 dB) so the RF Tx amplifier can operate in better linear conditions Constant Average Tx power is the same at any modulation (is the Upper Mod Tx power)

The Tx Power mode is set depending on the modulation license of the user With Constant Average Tx power (Tx Power Constant Peak Mode = Disable), the Tx power at 4QAM and any other modulation is the same, so if Upper Modulation is 256QAM the output power at any modulation is the same of 256QAM which is 4.5 dB less than 4QAM. The result is that enabling 256QAM gives a big advantage for traffic but less link budget margin at 4QAM.

ALCplus2

39

Power profile
dBm

AS13 13GHz

+28 +25 +24 +23.5


PEAK AVERAGE

+23

4QAM 8PSK

16QAM 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM


ALCplus2 40

Average
In Average the Max Pout is the Max Pout of the upper mod (23dBm @ 256 QAM) and is the same at any profile

ALCplus2

41

Peak and 4QAM as ref. mod.


With Peak mode enabled and 4 QAM as reference modulation, the max Pout is the max Pout of the radio at any modulation

ALCplus2

42

Peak request and 256QAM as ref. mod.


With Peak mode enabled and 256 QAM as reference modulation, the max Pout is the Pout that makes the transmitted spectrum not going out from the mask relevant to reference modulation. If reference modulation is not the one that allows the max Pout of the radio, the Tx power mode comes back to Average. Every time the reference modulation is higher than the lower modulationthe power mode becomes Average

ALCplus2

43

Max Capacity
RF Bandwidth 7MHz 14MHz 28MHz 56MHz

ALCplus2

44

Radio Throughput (max E1 number)

Radio Throughput E1 90 80 80 70 70 60 60 50 60 4QAMst 4QAM 8PSK 16QAM 40 40 30 30 20 10 10 0 7 MHz 14 MHz 4 5 7 12 17 20 14 8 10 20 25 15 17 20 35 30 40 34 40 32QAM 64QAM 128QAM 256QAM 80 80 80 80 80

Max E1

50

ALCplus2
Channel Bandwith

28 MHz

56 MHz

45

General Preset
Rx Power Low alarm threshold

Local Tx switch in case both Remote Rx are alarmed: if remote Rx are alarmed for more than 10 sec in one minute, on local side Tx switch is performed and a Tx Fail alarm is active (to reset manually)

Link name
ALCplus2 46

Tributary traffic
E1
- Permanent (high priority) - Extra (low priority) In ALCplus2, trib A and B are here!

STM-1
- STM-1 1+0 - STM-1 1+1
ALCplus2 47

E1 Tributaries
RIGHT: E1 loop Radio side

Remember that exist


Permanent E1 (in all ACM profiles) Extra E1

Enable/Disable
Line side Radio side

E1 name

alarms

LEFT: E1 loop Line side

ALCplus2

48

Bit rate = 155,52 Mbit/s , Frame Period = 125s (rec. G.707)

Byte matrix: 9 lines and 270 columns row by row transmission (first byte is on the left of the top line )
Every Byte is 64 Kbit/s channel

STM-1 frame has a payload big enough for 1 E4 (140 Mbit/s) or 3 E3 (3 x 34 Mbit/s) or 63 E1 (63 x 2 Mbit/s)

STM-1 Frame
ALCplus2 49

SOH
RSOH

First 9 bytes of all the lines represent SOH (Section Overhead), made up by RSOH and MSOH separated by 9 bytes of AUOH (AU pointer) 64Kbit/s

ALCplus2

MSOH

50

RSOH Regenerator Section Overhead

ALCplus2

51

MSOH Multiplex Section Overhead

ALCplus2

52

Path overhead

The Virtual Container is made up by path overhead and relevant container: VC = POH + C VC path overhead allows BER extimations, alarm and trouble information, multiplation indication. Depending on C, 2 different POH exist:

VC-11 / VC-12 POH (with A1 and E1)

VC-3 / VC-4 POH (with E3 and E4)


ALCplus2 53

AUOH Administrative unit overhead


Compensation of variation of payload bit rate (with respect to nominal one) is obteined using stuffing. In AUOH there are 6 bytes for justification signal and other 6 bytes (3 in SOH and other 3 adiacent in the same line of the payload) used for stuffing in order to adjust the position of VC first byte: Adjustment, if necessary, concerns 3 bytes more or less (154 s delay or anticipation) and the update is every 4 frames.

RSOH AUOH H1 H1 H1 H2 H2 H2 H3 H3 H3 MSOH


ALCplus2

Payload

54

AU pointer
First 6 bytes of AUOH contain: the pointer to position of VC first byte, the AU and the New Data Flag (it informs there are new data).

This is why AUOH is called POINTER


bit

NDF

n AU

POINTER

Byte H1
Administrative Unit = AUOH + VC AU4 = AUOHALCplus2 + VC4

Byte H2

55

RSOH
AU4 POINTER

Start = First Byte of VC4

9 lines

MSOH

ALCplus2

56

TU and TUG
TU, Tributary Unit, is made up by VC and overhead TUOH placed in a fixed position relevant to POH of higher order VC (where TU is placed)

In TUOH there are


- A pointer towards VC frame start - Stuffing bytes

TU12 = 4 columns of 9 bytes TUG is a group of same order TU:


- TUG21= 3 x TU12 - TUG3 = 7 x TUG21 (= 21 x TU12)
ALCplus2

2,304 Mbit/s capacity

57

Stuffing and justification

STM-1 & C4

ALCplus2

58

High order POH (POH of VC4)


J1 Path Trace: it is the label relevant to VC4 B3 : BIP-8 parity result of the previous VC4, in MST mode points out C4 quality C2 : signalling label that points out if VC4 is equipped G1 : RDI, Remote Defect Indication, used to transmit to remote terminal an alarm condition F2/H4/F3/K3/N1 : not used C4: 140Mbit/s container with justification, stuffing and overhead bits

VC4 : is made up by C4 and POH (path over head). POH is the first VC4 column (9 bytes)
AU4 : is made up by VC4 and AU pointer.
ALCplus2 STM-1 : is made up by AU4 and SOH 59

SOH

AU pointer

POH

STM-1 & E1

POH

Justification
ALCplus2

E1

60

E1

C12

VC12

TU12 x3

TUG21

STM-1

x7

TUG3
x3

AU4

VC4

in a STM-1 can be inserted 63 E1


ALCplus2 61

STM-1 Tributaries
Line alarms Enable/Disable

STM-1 Loops If J0 Received is different from Expected TIM alarm

J0 Path trace
ALCplus2 62

STM-1 B2 quality thresholds

ALCplus2

63

VC4

VC4 alarms

J1 Path trace

If J1 Received is different from Expected TIM alarm

ALCplus2

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VC4 B3 quality thresholds

Excessive Degraded

VC4 label: tugStructure


*Tug = Trib. unit group

ALCplus2

65

VC-12
Tug-3 = 1 Tug-2 = 7 VC-12 = 3

VC-12 1-7-3

ALCplus2

66

Ethernet traffic
Packet frame Level 2 and Level 3 VLAN Priority (Qos and PoS) LLF

ALCplus2

67

802.3 PACKET FORMAT


Destination Service Access Point: MAC address of destination

Source Service Access Point: MAC address of source


Octet (byte) 7 1 6 6 2 da 0 a 1500 da 0 a 46 4

Pre.

SFD

DSAP

SSAP

len

Dati (LLC-PDU)

pad

FCS

Lenght From 64 to 1518 Byte without tag Frame Check Sequence Start Frame Delimiter

Preamble: it permits receiver synchronisation ALCplus2 68

Switch at Layer 2
MAC switching:
- destination local = discarded - destination known = sent to the port - destination unknown = sent to all the ports

MAC Address learning

MAC Address ageing


Auto negotiation :
- port speed - duplex-mode

MDI/MDIX crossover
Layer 2 Flow Control / Back Pressure

ALCplus2

69

Ethernet switch
Max packet size

Life of addresses in the MAC address table Packet output queue depending on packet 802.1p priority Queue emptying policy
- 8421 WRR: 8 packets with queue 3, then 4 with queue 2, then 2 with queue 1 and then 1 with queue 0.

- Strict priority: a packet can go out only if the upper priority queue is empty

QinQ 91 00: field to add (the same on local and on remote switch) in case of double tag. This field is add after the Destination Address in the overhead before the transmission and is deleted by the switch on the other side as soon as it has been received. The Double tag is the one set as default tag of each external port
ALCplus2

- Strict 3: all queue 3 packets can go out, after them all the other using 8421WRR policy - Strict 3 and 2: all queue 3 and 2 packets can go out strictly, after them all the other using 8421WRR policy WRR= Wait Round Robin mode

70

Local

CONNECTION EXAMPLES
Remote
NO VLAN NO VLAN AL_ETH AL_ETH PC2
PC4

PC1
PC3 PC5

An all pass Hub/Switch. Example1

PC6

PC1 PC3

NO 1 VLAN
2 NO VLAN

1 VLAN 4001

NO VLAN NO VLAN

AL_ETH
VLAN 4002

AL_ETH
2

PC2 PC4

PC1 with PC2 and PC3 with PC4. Example2


NO 1 VLAN NO VLAN
2

PC1 PC3

NO VLAN
VLAN 4003

AL_ETH

VLAN 4004

AL_ETH

VLAN 4003 VLAN 4004

PC2 PC4

PC1 with PC2 and PC3 with PC4 with one external switch. Example3
VLAN 4005 VLAN 4005

VLAN 4005

AL_ETH PC1

AL_ETH PC2

PC1 with PC2 with 2ALCplus2 external switches. Example4

71

TAG composition

1 VLAN TAG

ALCplus2

72

IEEE 802.1Q VLANs


VLANs in two different ways: - Based on Port, VLAN related to a local port attribute
- Based on IEEE 802.1Q TAG , VLAN is defined by the VID (VLan Identifier) TAG content.

Switching between ports is based on VLAN membership defined into Vlan configuration table.

Lan1 and Port1 are members of Vlan 303

ALCplus2

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IEEE 802.1Q VLANs


Break a LAN into a few smaller LANs and prevent data to flow between the sub-LANs Micro segment the LAN with scalability Distribute traffic load Better control of broadcast messages VLAN: a field starting with other 4 Bytes starting with the 2 Bytes 8100 the packet size from 1518 Bytes arrives to 1522! VLAN with double TAG: a new field with other 4 Bytes starting with the 2 Bytes 9100 (see Ethernet Switch) Remember to increase packet size! ALCplus2

74

VLAN
VLAN can be used to route packets through local and remote switch.

If VLAN are not used, Port Based VLAN assignment is used port by port
( Port Based VLAN is the old LAN per port )

Disable 802.1q: no Tag filter, Port Based VLAN


will be followed

4001

Fallback: if input is tagged, Virtual LAN table will


be followed; if input tag is not present in the map or input is untagged, Port Based VLAN will be followed

Secure: if input is tagged, Virtual LAN table will be


followed; if input tag is not present in the map or input is untagged, packets will be dropped ALCplus2 75

VLAN 720 doesnt transit through port 1 VLAN 720 exits through port 1 untagged

VLAN 720 exits through port 1 with tag 720

VLAN 720 exits through port 1, with the same tag it has at input (unmodified)

Port 1

Port 2

Port 3

RadioPort
ALCplus2

VLAN map
76

LAN settings: Interface


Flow control LAN status Port status LAN Speed

Cable LLF status


Port always active
ALCplus2 77

Settings for allpass Hub all ports to all ports, Example 1

ALCplus2

78

Settings for Lan to Lan separated traffic, Example 2


LAN per port

ALCplus2

79

Lan to Lan separated traffic Example 2 settings

ALCplus2

80

Priority

802.1p
Priority management can be defined port by port:

3 bits8 levels

Priority queues are set for all the ports


6 bits64 levels
ALCplus2

in this example, despite general rules, LAN1 does not consider priority!

IpTOS
81

Quality of Service
Better service to selected network traffic Different service classes based on the identity of the customer or the type of application Different service levels or to ensure service quality for timecritical traffic such as voice or video. IEEE 802.1p QoS (Layer 2- Quality of Service): 3 bit of the TAG. IP-V4 ToS (Layer 3- Type of Service): 6 bit of the TOS (D.S.C.P.) QoS at level 2, at level 3 or at both
ALCplus2 82

Example of DSCP assignement in a UMTS station


NODE B RAB/RB TBD TBD Synch CS conversational SRB Common channels NBAP Signalling 46 38 36 34 30 3 3 3 3 2 CBR CBR CBR CBR VBR real time DSCP value Queue Service class 802.1p 7 6 5 5 5 5 4

CS streaming
PS streaming HS streaming PS interactive PS background O&M HSPA interactive (1,2) HSPA interactive (3)

28
26 24 22 20 12 12 12

2
2 2 1 1 0 0 0 ALCplus2

VBR real time


VBR real time VBR real time VBR not real time VBR not real time UBR UBR UBR

4
4 4 3 3 0 0 0 83

LLF

Seconds before the LLF alarm

Port by port, ports to check relevant LLF can be set

ALCplus2

84

LAN PORT
Ethernet synch.

In point to point connection

LAN cable
From 64Kb to Full Rate

Auto Negotiation

ALCplus2

85

Spanning tree
edge/no edge

Each port must be assigned to Bridge1 or Bridge2, every equipment crossed by a packet increases of 1 sec the max age of the packet

The Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is a link layer protocol that ensures a loop-free topology for any bridged LAN.

MAC address & priority Standard STP or rapid RSTP STP params

ALCplus2

86

STP parameters
Hello time: from 2 to 10 sec, is the period between two BPDU packets Forward Delay: the time for a status change (blocking learning, learningforwarding, forwardingblocking). In this way the time requested from blocking to forwarding is twice the Forward Delay (2 status changes)

Max Age: If the incoming packet has a max age bigger than the one here defined, the packet is dropped

ALCplus2

87

RSTP parameters
Hello time: from 1 to 10 sec, is the period between two BPDU packets

Forward Delay: the time for a status change (blocking learning, learningforwarding, forwardingblocking). In RSTP the time requested from blocking to forwarding between two RSTP ports is the

hallo time (RAPID!) instead if the other port is not RSTP, again the
time is twice the Forward Delay (2 status changes) Max Age: If the incoming packet has a max age bigger than the one here defined, the packet is dropped
ALCplus2 88

Bridge

Bridge1 and 2 have same MAC addr. but can have different priority

00 00 00 1C 00 01

Equipment MAC address, set by SIAE, the same for management and traffic

High

Low

Bridge priority: in case of same value, the smaller MAC addr. elects the router bridge

ALCplus2

89

Crossconnection matrix
Tributary Radio crossconnetions Tributary Tributary crossconnections Radio Radio crossconnections
Remember that exist
Permanent E1 (in all ACM profiles)

Extra E1 (there are A and B)

ALCplus2

90

Permanent (High priority)

Radio capacity

CrossConnect Matrix
Tributary
(Front panel connectors)

Radio-Tributary
CrossConnection is performed with a Drag n Drop of the E1 slot

Extra (Low priority)

ALCplus2

91

Radio-Radio crossconnection (passthrough)

ALCplus2

92

Trib.-Trib. crossconnection

ALCplus2

93

CrossConnection List
Selection column

Delect the selected crossconnection


ALCplus2 94

ATPC

ALCplus2

95

Link configuration
1+0 1+1 hot stand by 1+1 freq. diversity 2+0 (ALplus2 only)

ALCplus2

96

1+1 hot stand-by


ODU
1

= FHIGH = FLOW ODU

= Stand-by = Active
1

IDU

IDU

ODU

ODU

Both radios, working at the same frequency, are active in Rx but only one is active in Tx: 1 antenna Branching losses are inserted in link budget 2 antennas Link is in space diversity (and without branching losses) Best performance for d=150l (d=distance between antennas)
ALCplus2 97

1+1 frequency diversity


ODU
1

ODU
1

IDU

IDU

ODU All radios, working at different frequencies, are active in Rx and Tx


1 antenna Branching losses are inserted in link budget 2 antennas Link is in space diversity (and without branching losses) = F1HIGH = F1LOW
ALCplus2

ODU

= F2HIGH = F2LOW
98

SD management
1. Delete SD files 2. Create Boot SD 3. Create Sw DWL SD 4. Enable automatic restore (all) 5. Enable automatic restore (Data only) 6. Disable automatic restore 7. Enable Not running Sw delete 8. Disable Not running Sw delete 9. Force automatic restore 10. Copy Sw from SD 11. Copy Data to BOOT SD 12. Copy Sw to BOOT SD _________________________
Notes: Sw= Equipment firmwares Data=Configuration Backup file

ALCplus2

99

Configure a new IDU with the SD


After the substitution of an IDU, the SD memory of the old IDU can download configuration (data) and firmware (SW) on the new one automatically as soon as its controller points out a mismatch between the serial number (of the old IDU) stored in the SD and the serial number of the new IDU. After there will be a restart.

To prepare the SD memory to be a back-up, in the WEBLCT: 1. Insert an empty SD in the IDU and after run WEBLCT 2. Create a Boot SD it takes about 10 minutes 3. Enable Automatic Restore (All)
Evenctual new setting after this point are included in the back-up The status of the SD will show: Automatic data restore from SD....Enabled Automatic SW download from SDEnabled
ALCplus2 100

Force automatic restore


Force the download from SD to IDU (Only for BootSD). This command applies the backup manually.

ALCplus2

101

Firmware 1.2.2 and WebLCT 1.2.2


ACL Configuration mismatch alarm Line trunk (ethernet traffic) Radio trunk (ethernet traffic) ELP Ethernet OAM-FM Ethernet Switch reset Factory default
ALCplus2 102

ACL Access Control List


A white list of IP addresses that can access the LOCAL IDU
In order to avoid to be cut out from the IDU: 1) Configure the list 2) Enable the list An empty list, enabled, means: no one can enter! In any case the access to IDU through LCT port (the USB one) is allowed.

ALCplus2

103

Synchronization: Mismatch and Rescue

Config. Mismatch and 5 minutes Rescue are enabled


ALCplus2 104

Configuration Mismatch alarm


Every time one of the equip of the hop has a mismatch due to a new settingthe configuration is not applied until the remote is not configured in the same way. Parameters checked through this function are: 1. Traffic division (TDM against Ethernet) 2. Extra TDM setting 3. ACM on/off 4. Reference modulation with ACM off Parameters not checked: Reference modulation with ACM on 5. Extra TDM priority order Channel spacing RF frequency Peak/Average Tx power Link ID
ALCplus2 105

Rescue status
During the line-up, if the remote, already configured, is not visible both terminals enter in Rescue status: 4QAM and 0 TDM with Rescue alarm ON. After 5 minutes if the remote remains unreachable, they turn back to use the traffic configuration of the line up.

ALCplus2

106

Line trunk (802.3 ad-LAG)


Up to 4 Ethernet lines can be grouped to increase capacity (4 different groups are available) in the same IDU Conditions: 1. Same speed 2. Full duplex

Division of Ethernet traffic: XOR between destination MAC and source MAC (hashing)

Trunk x

LAN1

LAN2

LAN3

LAN4

ALCplus2

107

Radio trunk (for Ethernet traffic only)


Up to 4 different streams can be grouped to increase capacity (1 group only is available). The IDUs must be in the same node. Throughput:
Unicast < 1Gbit/s bidirectional Broadcast < 0.5Gbit/s bidirectional

Division of Ethernet traffic: XOR between destination MAC and source MAC (hashing)
ALCplus2 108

ELP
A level 2 protection of ethernet lines (2 or more lines in different groups) in the same IDU or in the same node: the switch is performed when a LAN port LOS (on local side) is noticed. When this LOS is over a second switch is not performed. ELP equipment Prot 1 and 2 ELP nodal Nodal Prot 1, 2, 3 and 4

ALCplus2

109

OAM - FM

remember to set Fallback or Secure on used port


ALCplus2 110

OAM acronims
FM
Continuity Check Protocol Loopback Protocol LBM Link Trace Protocol LTM Remote Defect Indicator Customer Domain Service Provider Domain Operator Domain

Fault Management inside user VLAN


heartbeat with period 1s, 10s, 1m, 10m; no auto reply destination mep/mip replies, up to 5 consecutive in a MA, reached devices answer with its own MAC address a mep informs the other meps of the MA regarding a defect

MD

Maintenance Domain levels from 7 (higher) to 0 (lower)


both ends of Ethernet service: between end users levels 7, 6, 5 whole network except end users levels 4, 3 a part of network levels 2, 1 and 0

ALC+2 1 DM

DL
MA MEP
MEP down MEP up

Domain Label, different for every domain


Maintenance Association, MA correlates VLAN to MD (and its meps/mips) 1 MA each VLAN (except Vid 1 and Vid 4095) Maintenance End Point
outside line side inside (radio port and other local ports depending on the VLAN table)

MIP

Maintenance Intermediate Point

1 MEP/MIP each VLAN , max 32 VLAN (Vid 1 and Vid 4095 are not available)
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ALCplus2

MEP and MIP


1. 2. 3. 4. Create VLAN (VLAN 1 and VLAN 4095 are available for traffic but not for OAM) Set as filter on the VLAN ports Fallback or Secure Create Domain (command OAM-FM Domain in WebLCT) Bind MA (MIP) or Bind MEP (command OAM-FM MA/MEP in WebLCT)

ALCplus2

112

VLAN 2 is selected

Bind MA

In OAM-FM MA/MEP select the VLAN where to create the MIP and select the command Bind MA. The name of the VLAN is suggested MA name. A MIP is created inside the Ethernet switch.

Now VLAN 2 has a MA and a MIP inside the ALC+2 ALCplus2 113

VLAN 11 is selected

Bind MEP

Select port and direction

MEP ID is univocal in the VLAN MA Name is the VLAN label CCM Interval is the CCM period :1s, 10s, 1m, 10m and LAN4 is the port where CCM messages exit through Now VLAN 11 has a MEP inside the ALC+2, the CCM start from this MEP and go out through LAN4 every 10 seconds Outside the switch Inside the switch Used port must be NOT trunked ALCplus2 114

MEP usage
RED: no CCM received from remote MEPs for more than 2.5T , or RMEP not present/crosschecked. Green: received from crosschecked RMEP MEP identity RMEP: table of Remote MEPs (RMEP) of this local MEP. A RMEP must be crosschecked to be used. Local MEP and its RMEP are in the same VLAN and must have the same CCM period T. A RMEP sends CCMs towards the local MEP and without LBM or LTM does not replies to local MEP.

CCM enabled. The MEP sents CCMs, every T, to its RMEPs to evalutate the status of the VLAN circuit. The CCM can be originated only by a MEP. T = 1s, 10s, 1m, 10m
MEP status: Start - RMEP must be crosschecked Connected RMEP is working Failed RMEP is not receiving

MAC of remote equip.

ALCplus2

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Test using MEP: LBM and LTM


LBM A unicast message towards a same domain MEP/MIP . In case of MIP destination the MAC of the equipment should be written (not in ALC+2)
Number of messages Replies

select the RMEP

Set the MIP

ALCplus2

116

LTM
LTM All the MEP/MIP met reply towards the sender that obtains a list of MIP/MEP crossed towards the RMEP destination.
Sender

Destination

List
ALCplus2 117

Ethernet switch reset


All the ethernet setting are deleted (ethernet traffic is cut). The system restarts.

ALCplus2

118

Factory default
User: System Pswd: **** If Apply is selected all the settings are deleted substituted by factory default (addresses depends on ODU H or L)

ALCplus2

119

ODU POLE MOUNTING

ALCplus2

120

1+0 Integrated Antenna STANDARD POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

121

1+1 Integrated Antenna STANDARD POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

122

1+0 Not Integrated Antenna STANDARD POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

123

1+1 Not Integrated Antenna STANDARD POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

124

1+0 Integrated Antenna FAST-LOCK POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

125

1+1 Integrated Antenna FAST-LOCK POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

126

1+0 Not Integrated Antenna FAST-LOCK POLE MOUNTING KIT

ALCplus2

127

1+1 Not Integrated Antenna FAST-LOCK POLE MOUNTING KIT

IDU-ODU cable

Gain in Vdc (dBm in Rx)

ALCplus2 Ground

128