Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

DC 621.

833 : 681

DEUTSCHE NORMEN

h y 1972

Spur Gear Drives for Fine Mechanics indications in Drawings, &amples for Calculation

DIN
I

58405
Sheet

Stirnradgetriebe der Feinwerktechnik; Angaben in Zeichnungen, Berechnnngsbeispiele The references to the other Sheets of this Standard relate to the b y 1972 issues.

Dimensions in mm

in the spur Rear &* a The drawing contains only data f o r the gear blank and the surface finish symbols f o r the tooth system (see Figure I. ) All the gearcutting data are presented jointly in a Table (see Figure 2. ) In the title block of the drawing the row intended f o r the description will generally contain the entry "straight spur gear" or "helical spur gear".
I. Indications
--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

11 .. Data for the gear blank ------------------ ---------

(II For tip circle diameter ak see DIB 58405

Sheet 1, Section 31 .. Tolerance according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 21 .. In the case of topped spur gears this is o n l y the outside diameter of the gear blank. For machining allowance and tolerance, see DIN 50405 Sheet 2, Section 2 1 2 ...

(2) Pace width.

(3)
( ( (
(

Reference diameter ---^.

---.

f o r axial
* "

. . --,,

Anwenderinformation
Die Originalfassung der Norm enthlt Elemente, z.B. farbige Abbildungen oder Tabellen, die in dieser gescannten Form der Norm nicht originalgetreu darstellbar sind. Dies mu bei der Anwendung bercksichtigt werden. Magebend fr das Anwenden jeder DIN-Norm ist deren Originalfassung mit dem neuesten Ausgabedatum. Vergewissern Sie sich bitte in den DIN-Mitteilungen, im .aktuellen DIN-Katalog mit dem neuesten Ergnzungsheft oder in der aktuellen Ausgabe der PERINORM.
"-. . y

T"
P . I

(1
I . -_

s
-

1. 1. 1.
II

1.

D I
1. W
1.

1.

II
I .
YTA " A_ .& In the case of straight spur gears a horizontal stroke is indicated. In a drive with extemuillg toothed helical spur gears, one gear of the pair is always right-handed and the other lefthanded. Continued on pages 2 to 19

lleinverkauf der Normbltter durch Beuth-Vertrieb GmbH, Berlin 30 und Kln

DIH 58405 B . engl. Preisgr.' 13

DC

621.833 : 681

DEUTSCHE NORMEN

h y 1972

Spur Gear Drives f o r Fine Mechanics Indications in Drawings, &amples for Calculation

DIN
I

58405
Sheet

Stirnradgetriebe der Feinwerktechnik; Angaben in Zeichnungen, Berechnnngsbeispiele The references to the other Sheets of this Standard relate to the b y 1972 issues.

Dimensions in mm
--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

I Indications in the spur Rear &* . a The drawing contains only data f o r the gear blank and the surface finish symbols for the tooth system (see Figure I ) . All the gearcutting data are presented jointly in a Table (see Figure 2 ) . In the title block of the drawing the row intended f o r the description will generally contain the entry "straight spur gear" or "helical spur gear". 11 Data f o r the gear blank .. ------------------ --------For tip circle diameter ak see DIB 58405 Sheet 1, Section 31 .. Tolerance according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 21 .. In the case of topped spur gears this is o n i y the outside diameter of the gear b l a . For
machining allowance and tolerance, see DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 2 1 2 ... Pace width. Reference diameter for axial run-out (see DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 23. .) Permissible axial run-out according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 23 (Table 51, . surface quality. Permissible non-parallelism instead of (5) according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 23 .. Machining method and surface quality of tooth flanks according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Table 1, columns 5 and 6 . Permissible radial run-out relative to mounting bore according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 22 (Table 3 o r 4 . Surface quality, . ) particularly when tolerancing according to Table 4 . Gear bore (mounting bore). Tolerance and surface quality according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Table 1, columns 8 and 9 . Material, recommendation according to DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Table 1, column 7 . Figure 1 Spur gear drawing .

1 2 Data for --------.. --------------gearcutting


T o o l b a s i c r a c k p r o f i l e a c c o r d i n g t o Dm5M12 N u m b e r o f t e e t h z 123 ... E o d u 1 e m In the case of helical spur gears the normal module m should be stated. n 124 ... P i t c h c i r c l e d i a m e t e r 125 ... B a s i c r a c k p r o f i l e DIN 58400 or DIN 8 7 (see DIN 5 W 5 Sheet I, Section 21. 6 .) 126 ... A d d e n d u a m o d i f i c a t i o n f a c t o r x When x = O the value entered is O . 127 ... H e 1 i x a n g 1 e o In the case of straight spur gears, O is entered. 128 ... F a c 2 a 1 i g nm e n t right-handed Right Left 0 left-handed In the case of straight spur gears a horizontal stroke is indicated. In a drive with extemuillg toothed helical spur gears, one gear of the pair is always right-handed and the other lefthanded. Continued on pages 2 to 19 122 ...
. C

121 ...

einverkauf der Normbltter durch Beuth-Vertrieb GmbH, Berlin 30 und Kln

DIN 58405 B . engl. Preisgr.' 13

Page 2 D I N 58405 Sheet 3 f i t a c c o r d i n g 58405 Sheet 2 "he p a r t i c u l a r s t o be i n d i c a t e d a r e t h e geaI f i t s e l e c t e d according t o DIN 58405 Sheet 1, Section 4, i n conjunction w i t h DI 58405 Sheet 2, S e c t i o n 1, and a l s o t h e symbol f o r t h e s p e c i f i e d acceptance t e s t i n g (e.g. 1.2.9. G e a r

t o

D m

P e r m i s s i b 1e t o t a 1 Module m l I e r r o r r a n g e Ff Depending on t h e g e a r f i t s e l e c t e d , t h e t o t a Pitch c i r c l e diameter dn I I e r r o r range according t o D I N 58405 Sheet 2, Basic rack p r o f i l e IDIN I Section 6, permitted f o r t h e Rear should be entered. Addendum modification f a c t o r x For V t o o t h systems t h e t o t a l e r r o r range I$ ' obtained from S e c t i o n 6 could i f necessary b Helix angle fi0 multi l i e d by t h e f a c t o r L according t o equa Face alignment . t i o n p51) Sheet 2 1.2.11. P e r m i s s i b 1e t o o t h t o t o o t h c o m p o s i t e e r r o r fp Depending on t h e g e a r f i t s e l e c t e d , t h e t o o t t o t o o t h composite e r r o r according t o DIN 58405 Sheet 2, S e c t i o n 6, permitted f o r t h e g e a r should be entered. In t h e case of V t o o t h systems t h e t o o t h t o I I Dual cone width t o o t h composite e r r o r f i obtained from SecCentre distance i n the t i o n 6 should i f necessary be m u l t i p l i e d by dual flank r o l l t e s t e r t h e f a c t o r L according t o equation (51) with master gear Sheet 2. Number of mating gear 1.2.12. P e r m i s s i b l e f a c e a l i g n m e n t e r r o r Centre distance i n housing I I Depending on t h e g e a r f i t s e l e c t e d , t h e f permissible f a c e alignment e r r o r according Base tangent length = t o DIB.58405 Sheet 2 , S e c t i o n 6, should be almeasured over z' = Teeth entered. N 1.2.13. D u a l c o n e w i d t h b)measured indirectly over t i p c i r c l e The dimension entered a s t h e dual cone width i s t h e nominal dimension N according t o DIN 58405 Sheet I , S e c t i o n 3.5, D l U S t h e Figure 2. Gearcutting t a b l e upper dual cone width allowance according t o D I N 58405 Sheet 2, S e c t i o n 6, corresponding t o t h e g e a r f i t selected. The d i f f e r e n c e between t h e upper and t h e lower dual cone width allowance i s appended a s a minus v a r i a t i o n . Exampl e : Nominal dimension of dual cone width N = 30.845 = -0.078 Upper dual cone width allowance ANO Lower dual cone width allowance AN^ = -0.064 The dual cone width t o be entered i s t h e r e f o r e : 30.807 0.026. 1.2.14. C e n t r e d i s t a n c e a" i n t h e d u a l f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r w i t h m a s t e r g e a r Upper l i n e The dimension entered i s t h e nominal dimension a " according t o equation (40) or (41) i n D I N 58405 Sheet 2 p l u s t h e upper allowance on t h e dual f l a n k roll t e s t d i s t a n c e according t o equation (42) or (44) from S e c t i o n 4.1 or equation (47) or (49) from Section 4.2. The d i f f e r ence between t h e upper and lower allowances of t h e dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t d i s t a n c e is appended as a minus v a r i a t i o n . I n p r i n c i p l e t h e example i n S e c t i o n 1.2.13 applies. Lower l i n e D e s i m a t i o n of t h e master Rear. 1.2.75. N u m b e r of- m a t i n g e a r The drawing number of t h e mating g e a r i s entered. I f t h e spur gear i s t o be p a i r e d with severa l d i f f e r e n t mation Rears, c a r e should be taken t o ensure t h a t t h e matina - Rears a l s o have t h e same t o l e r a n c e zones-and grades a s t h e spur gear. 1.2.16. C e n t r e A i s t a n c e i n h o u s i n g a The c e n t r e d i s t a n c e a according t o equation (5) i n DIN 58405 Sheet 1 and t h e allowances Aa0 and A U according t o D I N 58405 Sheet 2, S e c t i o n 6, should be entered according t o t h e g e a r a f i t selected. W 1.2.17. B a s e t a n g e n t l e n g t h "he dimension entered a s t h e b a s e tangent l e n g t h i s t h e nominal dimension W according t o D I N 58405 Sheet 1, S e c t i o n 3.4, plus t h e upper base tangent l e n g t h allowance according t o DIN 58405 Sheet 2, S e c t i o n 6, according t o t h e gear f i t selected. The d i f f e r e n c e between t h e upper and t h e l o u e r base tangent l e n g t h allowance i s appended as a minus v a r i a t i o n . I n p r i n c i p l e t h e example in S e c t i o n 1.2.13 applies. The number of t e e t h e ' over which t h e base tangent l e n g t h i s measured i s obtained from t h e Tables i n D I N 58405 Sheet 4. I f , i n t h e case of topped spur g e a r s ( t o o l b a s i c rack p r o f i l e s U 1 or U according t o D I N 58412) t h e base tangent l e n g t h i s t o be measured i n d i r e c t l y over t h e t i p c i r c l e , t h e dimension obtained from equation (34) i n D I N 58405 Sheet 1 should be entered i n t h e l a s t l i n e of t h e Table. For a spur g e a r , however, m l y t h e d a t a f o r t h e d i r e c t or t h e i n d i r e c t method may be entered. 2. I n d i c a t i o n s in t h e housinu drawinq "he dimension i n d i c a t e d i n t h e drawing i s t h e nominal dimension a c a l c u l a t e d according t o equation (5) i n D I N 58405 Sheet 1 p l u s t h e allowances Bao and Bau according t o DIN 58405 1.2.10.

7 J/7

f S").

Number of t e e t h

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

____________________------------_-------

following p a r t i c u l a r s a r e s t a t e d : Centre Tolerance zone according to distance a DIN 58405 Sheet The nominal dimension of t h e c e n t r e d i s t a n c e i s a and centre disentered. tance allowances 2.2. Grade and t o l e r a n c e zone according t o 20.592 8J 0.032 DIN 58405 Sheet 2 and c e n t r e d i s t a n c e ______________________------------_-allowance ___-____ The symbol f o r t h e allowances of t h e c e n t r e d i s t a n c e corresponding t o t h e g e a r f i t s e l e c t e d (e.g. 8 J ) i s s t a t e d , p l u s t h e numerical value o f t h e allowances t o g e t h e r with any t o l e r a n c e 2.1. Centre d i s t a n c ...................... e
_+

'

Permissible error in axial parallelism f ref. to 100 u& length of axis

O,028

earing seating Figure 5. Gear s h a f t with r o l l i n g bearings

\
Figure 6. Gear s h a f t with p l a i n bearings and intermediate bush

4. Individual e r r o r s F u r t h e r i n d i v i d u a l errors, t h e v a l u e s of which a r e required t o be l i m i t e d , should a l s o be l i s t e d i n t h e drawings t o g e t h e r with t h e i r symbols and permissible l i m i t i n g values.

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Page 4 DN 58405 Shekt 3

5.

been used. For c l e a r e r d i f f e r e n t i a t i o n , p a r t i c u l a r s concerni n g the examples a r e p r i n t e d i n red. 5.1. Design c a l c u l a t i o n for a g e a r d r i v e f o r s e t t i n g t h e counter mechanism of an e l e c t r o -

&amples for c a l c u l a t i o n For the examples below t h e c a l c u l a t i o n proforma according to DIN 58405 Supplementary Sheet 1 has

, I n t e r m ed i a t e
bush ,Shaft

--------- .................... __-----_____------ .....................................


mecoanicai-oe1ice
I. Given for gear 1 1.1. Speed n1 12 & t i o i ..

Gear 2

40 'J/min
Gear '-'i,

,
~1.4.

- 2

13 ..

Mean t o r s i o n a l backlash Sdm = 0 ' r e f e r r e d t o t h e l a r g e gear

15'

..

2. Conditions s e l e c t e d
D I N 58405 Sheet/ Sheet/ Table Section

1.5.

Maximum t o r s i o n a l backlash Sa max = r e f e r r e d t o t h e l a r g e gear Existing centre distance a I


Equation or remark6 Result Gear 1 Gear 2

Unit

2.1. 2.2. 2.3.

Number of t e e t h z
Module m
Gear f i t

2/1

112.5 1/2.2

48
095
from n, and Sd ma% x c o r d i n g t o S e c t i o n s 1.1 and
I I

96

mm

8 Ji8 f

- 1 - 1
O

2.4.1.

H e l i x angle o

112.4

25 ..

2.6. 2.7. 2.8.

Basic rack p r o f i l e of t o o l according t o D I N 58412 Material Face w i d t h b Basic rack p r o f i l e

2/1

112.7 112.1

- l o

U N

topping

= non-topping

- I

I I

3 . Calculated d a t a
3.1.
P i t c h c i r c l e diameter

112.6 113.2.1

32.
3.2.1. 3.2.2.
To a v o i d u n d e r c u t t i n g

i / Fig.
1 4 a.5

113.2.3
llequat ions 1 5 ) t O (91
x1

x = (Y,

+ AY,)

"gT - = ___
' T I :

To y i e l d e x i s t i n g centre d i s t a n c e a

+ 22 = (evab, - evao,)
X

according t o 1.5

z1 + z2 2 tan aon
21

abs from:
cosab,
m"
-e-=

cospe
cos aop

+ "2
2

X -

aosfrom:

tan ao6 =

tanaon
~

making sure t h a t no underc u t t i n g is thereby introduced

cos Bn

."

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

DIN 58405 Sheet 3 Page 5


DIN-& 405
Sheet/ Sheet/ Table Section

3.3.

Tip circle diameter dl (tip easing possibly needed in the event of addendum modification according to 3.2) Centre distance a

Equation or remarks

Result

1p.i

di, = d ~ + Z m , ( z + y ) - Z k m ,

ip.1.1

I I
2' 51

49*1

3.4.

cos aor, 'or cos ab see DIN 58405 Sheet 4, iection 2

3.5.

Base tangent length Y

411

W=w'+AW AW = 2r.m,sinir0,

8,454

16,171

3.5.1. 3.6.

Measured over z ' Dual cone width N

1/33

- I only for gear blank

4,Tolerances

4.1. 4.1.1.

Spur gear Tip circle diameter IS0 tolerance zone (non-topped) Tolerance (topped) Permissible radial run-out Trk

212.1 212.1.1 212 213a.4 215 2/21 - 1 212.2 2/23

h9
m l y for gear blank Pip circle is Tor setting dpriifl=
-

h9

1-

n o t

used

56

4.1.2.

Permissible axial runout of transverse planes Tsa


IS0 tolerance zone

dprUfz 46 mm =
211

4.1.3. 4.1 A. 4.1 5. 4.1.6.

214.3 214.4 2/45

for mounting bore

Note DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 1.2 e and Footnote 12)

H7
32
21

2Ifrom Permissible total erSect. 6 ror range FY Permissible tooth to ilfrom tooth composite error f Sect. 6 : 2lfrom Permissible face Sect. 6 alignment error f Base tangent length allowances

9
The baae tangent length or the dual cone width according to DIN 58405 Sheet 3 , Section 1.2.17 or 1.2.13 should be entered in the drawing.

4.1 7. 4.1.8. 4.1.9.

Zlfrom - Sect. 6
AWu

Aw0

214.1

- 21
- 41

Dual cone width A N O allowances ANu Allowances Adk of tip circle diameter with indirect base tangent length measurement (only for topped spur gears)

Plfrom Sect. 6

2/45 213.1

1."
The tip circle diameter d' according to equation (349 should be entered in the drawing.

T-

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Page 6

D W 58405 Sheet 3
DIN 58405
Equation or remarks Equation Result Gear 1 Gear 2 Unit

Sentre distance a" in aual flank roll tester with master gear Dual flank roll ABo tester centre aistance allow- A i u ances
~

(40) or

(41)

Shaft
Permissible radial runout frw
IS0 grade of seating diameters of gear and
--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

bearing Bearing Permissible radial clearance SL Dimensional, geometrical and running accuracy Permissible radial runout of rolling bearing outer ring frL Housing Centre distance allowancee * a o and ' a u
IS0 tolerance zone of

y
211.2 d
2 / fro

Equation (42) to (45) or (47) to ( 5 0 )

Tolerance to be split if intermediate bushes and/or rolling bearing inner rings Note DIN 58405 Sheet 2, Section 1.2 c for gear bearing

'-

24

for gear 2 : IS0 clearance fit H51g5; @ t

for gear 2: Eccentricity of seatings on shaft

;ect. 6

bearing bores

2"

1I

215.1

When rolling bearings and insert plain bearings are used, equations (52) and (53) should be applied.
f o r gear 2:

211-2c

IS0 tolerance zone o f a x i a l bore

Permissible error in axial parallelism f P

HHI
28
min

2.

Check calculation

113.6
'dmSi=

'd max

+ 'd
2
n

min

f 0,6

d mir '

- 'd
L

*I
-

',I max and 'd min from equations ( 2 5 ) and (261, with 100 % absolute tolerance addition equations (27) and (28) should be used

59.

I Contact ratio E

1/3.3 -

DIN 58405 Sheet 3 Page 7


6 Auxiliam calculations and remarks .

re 3.1.

do = 4 8 . 0 , s do = 24mm

do 2

= 96

'

0,5

do2=48mni

re

3.3.

dki = 2 5 , l mm

d ~ = 49,l mm 2

re

3.4.

re 4.1.2.

re 4.1.10.
a
II

1=

a,

24 + 3 8 2 31 mm

re 4.2.1.

Shaft 1: Seatings for gear and bearing ground overall, hence only the radial run-out of the rolling bearing inner ring ( I O pm PO 2 , see 4.3.2) is effective. Shaft 2 : Only the running and intermediate bushes belong to shaft 2. Running hush:

f,, = 12 p m Intermediate bush: f,, = 12 pm -____


f r w = 24 vm

t e : The eccentricities of the seatings on the shaft must be allowed for in the centre distance tolerance. of bore in the intermediate bush in this case

re 4.2.2. re 4.4.1.

*Grade

F o r Aa a value of 5 2 pm is entered in the drawing of the gears.

For the drawing of the housing equation (52) applies. Ti3 = 64 - 15 - 6

T B = 43 piii
I I

f ,i =

t 22 pm

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

page 8

DIN 58405 Sheet 3

Gear

A l ; ...... ............ <_.....<..<.<<<._.....,......, Drawing number

Gear 2i

47 Drawing number

Tool b a s i c rack p r o f i l e
Number of t e e t h Module P i t c h c i r c l e diameter Basic r a c k p r o f i l e Addendum modification f a c t o r x Helix angle Face alignment Gear f i t t o D I N 58405 Perm. t o t a l e r r o r range Permis ' b l e t o o t h t o toh; ot' composfte e r r o r Dual cone w i d t h Centre d i s t a n c e i n t h e dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r with master pear Number of mating gear Centre d i s t a n c e i n h o u s i n g L
KJ.')f,i
(I

N 1 DIN 58412
0.5
~

z
m
Q

48
0.5

I II
(129

Number of t e e t h Module P i t c h c i r c l e diameter Basic r a c k p r o f i l e Addendum modification f a c t o r 4 H e l i x angle Face alignment Gear f i t t o D I N 58405 Perm. t o t a l e r r o r range 6" Permissible t o o t h t o t o o t h f," comDosite e r r o r Perm. f a c e a l i m e n t e r r o r In Dual cone width
00
d0

24
DIN
58400
. .

48
DIN

58 400 0

4 3

I
I

o
-

8.1 18f

I
6"

8Ji8f
0,032 0,011

0,036

0,012
0.009

Perm. f a c e alignment e r r o r fn

0,009

/;o

O.?

dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r Number of mating gear Centre d i s t a n c e i n housina Base tangent length 16.1 4 8 ~ 0 , o 0 ) measured over z'

I
I
XI

A 2
' (i,n?L

, I t
1 1 teeth

A l
y

0.012

b)measured i n d i r e c t l y over t i p c i r c l e

b) measured i n d i r e c t l y over t i n c i r c l e

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

DIN 5 M 5 Sheet 3

Page 9

5 2 De S ..
I Given .

i~-caic~ia4,ioo_fo~-~-~~~~~~~~~~oa~-~~~~~-~~~
-Gear 2

a servo rrontrol ---------------

for gear I 11 Speed n l .. 1.2. Ratio i I 3. Mean torsional backlash Sdm . referred t o the large gear 1.4. MaxMum torsional backlash Sa referred t o the large gear 1.5. Existing centre distance a

I I

4000 U/min

3.125 00 6 '
-Interme!diate
bush

Ip8x

. I

' 0

10'
IIU TI

41.400

2. Conditions s e l e c t e d

2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.4.1.

2.5.
2.6.
2.7.

2.8.

3. Calculated data
Pitch c i r c l e diameter dg Addendum modification
x

19,877 62,116
0,176
mm

- mn

I1/3.2.1
f:

0,240
= (Yw

mm

32.1.

T o avoid undercutting

11 Fig.4 lp.2.3 and 5

+ AYw)-----

ZgT

-=
-t 0.300

Po y i e l d e x i s t i n g

centre distance a according t o 1.5

i/equat ions (5) t o (91

X I + x2 = (evabs
X

- evao,) x
t 02?0

21 + 22 2 tan ao,,

aba from:

cosaha =

mn
1 -

21

+ 22
2

coso
cos aoe

X -

aOe from:
tanaOs =
~

tan ao,,
cos Bo

laking 8ure that no under:utting is thereby introduced

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Page IO

D I N 58405 Sheet 3 DIN 3 405


Sheet/ Table

3.3.

Tip c i r c l e diameter dk ( t i p easing possibly needed i n t h e event of addendum modification .) according t o 3 2 Centre d i s t a n c e a

Sheet/ Section

Equation o r remarks

Result

ip.1 113.1.1

mm

Uni1

3.4.

41.400

mm

?or

cos abs

cos "0,

3ee D I N 58405 Sheet section 2

4,

mm

3.5.

Base tangent l e n g t h W

411

113.4

W=w'+AW AW = 2 x . mn sin aOn

3.5.1. 3.6.

Heasured over z '


Dual cone width N

411

1/33

N = do + 2 x . m - 2 hkM

4 Tolerances .

4.1. 4.1.1.

Saur gear Tip c i r c l e diameter

212.1 212.1.1

only f o r g e a r blank

IS0 t o l e r a n c e zone (non- topped)


Tolerance (topped) Permissible r a d i a l run-out Trk Permissible a x i a l runout of t r a n s v e r s e p l a n e s Tsa
IS0 t o l e r a n c e zone for mounting bore

h9
212.1.2 213 a d 215 212.2 212.3
only f o r gear blank
Tip c i r c l e is for setting

h9

I-

n o t

used

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

4.1 2.

dpriifl= $ruf2 = 59 111111


Note D I N 58405 Sheet 2, Sect i o n 1.2 e and Footnote 12

4.1 3. 4.1 -4. 4.1.5. 4.1.6.

211
_.__.

214.3 214.4 2/45

Permissible t o t a l e r ror range FY Permissible t o o t h t o t o o t h compositeerror f l Permissible f a c e alignment e r r o r f p


~

2 If rom 3ect. 6 2 If rom ect. 6


2Ifrom sect. 6

4.1.7. 4.1 .a. 4.1.9.

Base tangent l e n g t h allowances

A,, ?/from - gect. 6


*wu

214.1

Dual cone width allowances

ANo

AN u

2 If rom ject. 6

214.2 213.1

The base tangent l e n g t h or t h e dual cone width accordi n g t o D I N 58405 Sheet 3, S e c t i o n 1.2.17 o r 1.2.13 should be e n t e r e d i n t h e drawing.

17

23

pm

- 28

- 38

pm

Allowances Adk Of t i p c i r c l e diameter with i n d i r e c t base tangent l e n g t h measurement (only f o r topped s p u r gears)

AWO

Adko =

Adku = - sinaOn tanaon


The t i p c i r c l e diameter d according t o equation (34f should be e n t e r e d i n t h e drawing.

*wu

f,w

Dm

58405 Sheet 3 Page 11

I
4.1.10. Centre d i s t a n c e a" i n
dual. f l a n k roll t e s t e r with master gear Dual f l a n k roll A:: O t e s t e r centre d i s t a n c e allowA''" ances

DIN 58405
Sheet/ p / t Table 1 e c t i o n -

Equation

or remarks
Equation

I
41,693
- 25 - 39

2/4.1
or

(40) or (41)

62,649 mm

42
Equation (42) t o (45) or (47) t o (50)

- 35
- 56

IJm

ym

4.2.

Shaft
2/1 3/3
o u t frw

42.1. Permissible r a d i a l run-

~ ~ t ~ bm ~ ~s ~ d~ ~Q ia ~ ~ 12~ o r ~
rolling bearing i n n e r r i n g s
present

16

Iim

4.2.2.
--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`--~

IS0 grade of s e a t i n g diameters of gear and bearing Bearkg

2/1

3/3

"
bearing

~
5

~-

t i o n 1.2 c

4.3.

4.3.1. Permissible r a d i a l
clearance SL

2/1
2/1

2/1.2 d

7 P52 5

7 P52
5

IJm

4.3.2. Dimensional, geometrical


and running accuracy

Iim

4.3.3. Permissible r a d i a l runo u t of r o l l i n g bearing o u t e r ring f r L

21 fro Sect. 6

4.4.

Rousing ances
Aa,

4.4.1. Centre d i s t a n c e allowrndA.3"

4.4.2. 4.4.3.

IS0 t o l e r a n c e zone of bearing bores


Permissible e r r o r i n axia parallelism f

2/1

2/51

When r o l l i n g bearings and i n s e r t p l a i n bearings are used, equations (52) and (53) should be applied.

211.2 c

H6 17

H6

IJm

21from Sect. 6

2/52

5.1.

Torsional backlash Sd

1 /3.6
'dmSt

'd max

+ 'd
2
2

min

o,6 'dmax

- 'dmin

'dmax and 'dmin from equations (25) and (261, with 1 0 0 % a b s o l u t e t o l e r a n c e a d d i t i o n equations (27) and (28) should be used

7
58

k 27

5.2.

Contact r a t i o

lP.3

r e 3.1.

21 - 0,8 do, = 0.965 93


d o l = 19,877 mm

d o , = ~0,965 93
d o , = 62,116 mm

75 .0,8

Page 12 DIN 58405 Sheet 3


~

r e 3.2.2.

tan aoe

0,363 97 0,965 93 t a n aos= 0,37680


~

O,$ 0,965 93 C O 6 n h s = 0,92663


ah
=

~.

24 ~. + 75 2

0,93575 41,400

ao
z 4- 2 2 1

= 20" 39'

a h s= 22'5'

(20,2918 - 16,4611).

24

+ 75

2 .O,363 97

x1 f x2 = 0,52

adopted:

1 1=

I 0,300

x2

f 0,220 -.
k m,,
-

r e 3.3.

19,8772 i 62,1163 2 ao - 40,9967 rnm


"O

40,9967 f (0,3 f 0.22) 0.8 - 41,400

lc m, = 0,0127 min

dk
dk

= =

19,877

+ 3 .0,8 (0.3 T i , i ) - 2 '0,0127

22,092 inni

d k 2 = 62,116 4-2 0.8 (0.22 4 1,l) - 2 0.0127


d L 2 = 64.203 miri

r e 3.1.

AWi

=z

2 .0,3 . 0,8 .0,342 02

3w2 = 2 8,22 0,8 0,342 02


AW,
=

Awl

= =
-

0,1642 8,5628 8,727 mni

0,1204

W,

0,1642

W 2 = 23,3639

+ 0,1204

W,
*e 4.1.2.

W?

23,484 IIIICI

pruf2= 62,116 - 4 . 0,8

______
-e 4.1.10.
II

dpruf2 xz 59 mni

Assumed master gear:

z =

76; rn = 0,8; o

--

15', 2 h: A W i s t
o '2
.1

- 2 pm
0,9354

19,877
=

al=---'-

+ 62.945 2

0.93571 0,92742

62 116 _ 0,93571 = 62.945 i . . =

41.693 mm

~__________

ai

2 62,649 mm
-__ [(-

Ain:=

0.5321 0,37746

23)

+ (-

2)]

*e

4.2.1.

f o r g e a r 1: bearing seating bearing inner ring

8,5 3,5 12.0 pin

fcr g e a r 2 : bearing seating bearing inner r i n g s e a t i n g f o r intermed i a t e bush intermediate bush

4.0 3,5 4,O

45
16,O pm -~

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

r e 3.5.

8,563

UJ; -

23.364

DIN 58405 Sheet 3 Page 1 3

r e 4.4.1. r e 5 1.

r .

l a = I 20
=

+ 40 Itm
- -

20)

T"+40

+ 30 pm

5 - 5

Tg

? 15 vrn

T o r s i o n a l backlash with absolute t o l e r a n c e a d d i t i o n :

Sdlnax

[(

28) i- 38)] __(

1,064 0,96593

-t 2 . 1 5 . 0 , 4 0 5 7 2

S,jmax = 85

piil

referred t o the large near :

s,j

= 412.6. _
= 9'25"

~-

62.116

s,, ~

["I

referred t o the large


cear:
Y

S<lrnin 41296 =

62,116

s,,
9'24"

iiiiii

= 3'30"

S,I ni

+ ,
3':10"

Torsional backlash with c t 2 t i s t i c d t o l e r i n c e a d d i t i o n :

Sd st =
.S(,

84.97
~~

+ 31,93
~

';,

2 = 58 f 27 U n i

0.6 Ap-l!~':- . 81 9; -

0 ." 4

referred t o the large ear : ,,i 5 t = 386" t 13"

sgi s,

= 112.6 -58-

62.116

.,* 1-12.6.--d62,116

Torsional b a c k l a s h with 100

j ,

toler?iice a d d i t i o n :

41,100 cosah. = 0,92572

CO5 X i l s

+ 0,020 +

40.9967 0,006 0,008

-+ 0,0035 + 0.0035

_-___.

0,035 75

al8 = 22" 13'


d max '
= -

[( - 2 8 ) f ( - 38)]

1064 0,965 Y3

[ 2 . (+ 20)

+ 12 + 16 + 7 f 71 .0,408 42

s,,

I'ldX

= 100 P

referred t o the l a r g e gezr :

Silmax= 412,6 .__62,116


Sdmox

i"1
.0,935 75

= 11'12"

cos al,* = -

40.9967

41,400

- 0,020 - 0,006 - 0.008

- 0,0035 - 0,0035

Silinin == 17 yrn
r e f e r r e d t o t h e large
gear:

S d n i i i= 412,6 i

62,116

s,,

=
~

11'1.2"

+ 1'12"
2

SIIIrlili = 1'12'( _ _ _ ~

['I

= 6'27"

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Page 1 4 D M 58405 Sheet 3

r e 5.2.

d,l

= =

19,877 .0,935 75 18.60 mrn


~

d, d,,

62,116 ' 0,935 75 58,125 nim 58,125 0,926 65 62,725 mm 1 - - (20,072 + 62,862). 0,37595 2
~

d,,

dbl =
dbl

18,60 0,92665 20,072 mm

d , , =db2
=

1 -(b'22,092' - 18<60' 2 = -

___v6.1,203' - 58,25')
~.

I'

3.14. 0,93571

0.965 93 0,26795 0,96593 0.8 . 3,14

t RP

= 10.

7. Summan
Gear

Tool b a s i c rack p r o f i l e

Number of t e e t h Module P i t c h c i r c l e diameter Basic rack p r o f i l e

Addendum modification f a c t o r x Helix angle Face alignment Gear f i t t o D I N 58405

Perm. t o t a l e r r o r range 5'' Permissible t o o t h t o tooth,.;. composite error Perm. face alignment e r r o r f" Dual cone width Centre d i s t a n c e i n t h e dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r with master gear Number of matina gear Centre d i s t a n c e i n housin& Base tangent length = 8 , n n - 0,011 a)measured over z ' =
~

b) measured i n d i r e c t l y over t i p c i r c l e -

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

~~~

11 1 Drawing number

Gear 2;

2
Drawing number

N
z

DINSBCI, 2-1

Tool b a s i c r a c k p r o f i l e
Number of t e e t h Module P i t c h c i r c l e diameter Basic r a c k p r o f i l e
Z

N DIN 5 8 U 15
0,II
m do

I
I
IDIN

m d,,

01 .1

19.817

62,116

58 400
t- 0.X~O

I DIN
0

Addendum modification f a c t o r x Helix a n g l e Yace alignment Gear f i t t o D I N 58405 Perm. t o t a l e r r o r range P e r m i s s i b l e t o o t h t O toothf; composite e r r o r Perm. f a c e a i m m e n t e r r o r f , Dual cone width Centre d i s t a n c e i n t h e dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r with master gear Number of mating Gear Base tangent length = 23,461 0,015 o) measured over z ' =
~~

'

5X 400

n,, I

15'
Right

15''
Left

I
I

6.f!6eSi' 0,018 0.006

F."I

I
I

6J16eS" 0.022

I
I

0,008
0.005
-

0.005
41.668 - 0.014

I I

Z 76 - 0,8
R2

1.5

I
2

41.400

t o.nzo
10 t e e t h

teeth

b) measured i n d i r e c t l y over t i p c i r c l e -

DIN 58405 Sheet 3 Page 1 5

2-30

with a s p c h r o t r a n s m i t t e r -_-----------------------

Desigo-calcoatioo-ooE_a-~o~~-~~~~-~~i~~-~~~-~~~
-Gear 2

I Given .

for g e a r 1
= 100 /min 1.1. Speed nl 1.2. Ratio i 1 5 P I J. Mean t o r s i o n a l backlash Sdm . r e f e r r e d t o t h e l a r g e gear 1.4. Maximum t o r s i o n a l backlash Sa max = go 8 ' referred t o the large gear 1.5. B i s t i n g c e n t r e d i s t a n c e a I Gear 1

2 Conditions s e l e c t e d .

DIN 58405
Sheet/ S e t ' he, Table Section

Equation or remarks

Result Gear 1 16 Gear 2


80

Unit

2.1. 22. 2.3. 2.4. 2.4.1. 2.5. 2.6. 27.

Number of teeth z Module m Gear fit

I - I -

1/2.5
112.2

I
from n1 and Sd max according to Sections 1.1

5 J/5 f S" -

1O

Face alignment Helix angle , Basic rack profile of tool according to

1/2.4

U = topping N non-topping
I

DIN 58412
Material

I - -- 1
2/1

37 MnSi 37 MnSi

Imm

5v
Face width b Basic rack profile

5Y

28.

I - 1

1p7
1/2.i

I I

I
I

DIN 58400

1 -

Calculated d a t a 3.1.

I
I

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Pitch circle diameter d Addendum modification X mn To avoid undercutting

39. 3.2.1.

3.29.

To yield existing centre distance a according to 1.5

CO8

ao

X -

aos from:

tan aos =

cos Bo

tan mon

making sure that no undercutting is thereby introduce,

Page 16 DIN 58405 Shhet 3


DIN 58405
Equation o r remarks
~~ ~

Result Unit

3.3.

Tip c i r c l e diameter dk ( t i p easing possibly needed i n t h e event of addendum modification according t o 3 . 2 )

Sheet/ Table

Sheet/ Section

113.1 ip.1.i

dk = do + 2 m,(.

+ y) -2 k . m ,
19,355
cos ao#
rnm

hen 21 and 2 2

=o ,

--

cos a b m

-1

cos ao*
D r
~

cosab,

ee Table 2 i n Sheet 4

3.5. IBase tangent l e n g t h W

411

W=w'+AW AW = 2 z . rn, sin aon

rnm

3.5.1. Measured over z ' 3.6.


Dual cone width N

411

4.1. 4.1.1

Spur gear Tip c i r c l e diameter


IS0 t o l e r a n c e zone (non-topped)

212.1 212.1.1 212.1.2

I 212

only f o r gear blank

7,890

$3,110

only f o r gear blank


--

Tolerance (topped) Permissible r a d i a l run-out T rk

8,08

212*2

Tip c i r c l e LE for setting


dpriiff =

n o

used

4.1.2

Permissible a x i a l runo u t of t r a n s v e r s e p l a n e s Tsa


IS0 t o l e r a n c e zone f o r mounting bore

100~

ciprUf

=;O.&

4.1.3

2/1 2/43 214.4 2/45

Note DIN 58405 Sheet 2 , Sect i o n 1.2 e and Footnote 12

H5
12
3,5
4

4.1 A r o r range FI 4.1.5 4.1.6

" frcm Sect. 6 Permissible t o o t h t o from t o o t h composite e r r o r fy S e c t . 6 Permissible f a c e 21 from Sect. 6 alignment e r r o r f
AWo
'I -Sect.from 6
I

Permissible t o t a l e r -

495
4

4.1.7

Base tangent l e n g t h allowances Dual cone width allowances

214.1

A,,, ..

4.1.8

". 6 S e c t from

2/45

The base tangent l e n g t h o r t h e dual cone width according t o D I N 58405 Sheet 3, Section 1.2.17 o r 1.2.13 should be entered i n t h e drawing.

4.1.9 Allowances Adk of t i p

c i r c l e diameter w i t h i n d i r e c t base tangent l e n g t h measurement (only f o r topped spur gears) The t i p c i r c l e diameter dk according t o equation (34) should be e n t e r e d i n t h e drawing.

ia

- La

r -

- 23

- 35

--

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

D I N 58405 Sheet

3 Page 17

DIN
Sheet/ Table :entre d i s t a n c e a" i n 9ual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r d i t h master gear Dual f l a n k r o l l tester centre distance allow=ces

1405
Sheet/ iection

Equation o r remark6

214.1
or

4.2
Equation (42) t o ( 4 5 ) or to ( 5 0 )

APU

AB,

(47)

Shaft
Permissible r a i a l runout fFW
~~

313
bearing i n n e r r i n g s

IS0 grade of s e a t i n g diameters of gear and bearing Bearing Permissible r a d i a l clearance SL Dimensional, geometrical and running accuracy Permissible r a d i a l runout of r o l l i n g bearing o u t e r r i n g frL Housing Centre d i s t a n c e allowa ces 'a o 2nd A a u
21 fro iect. 6

313

211.2 d

215.1
When r o l l i n g bearings and i n s e r t p l a i n bearings a r e used, equations ( 5 2 ) and (53) should be applied.

211

I I I V rn
,a

~~

IS0 t o l e r a n c e zone of bearing bores

211
Z/fron Sect.

211.2 c 2/52 1%

Permissible e r r o r i n axial parallelism f

*m

5.

Check calculations
5.1.
113.6
'dmSt 'dmax -t'dmin

and 'dmin from equations ( 2 5 ) and (261, with 100 7d a b s o l u t e t o l e r a n c e a d d i t i o n equations (27) and (28) should be used
'drnax

5.2.

Contact r a t i o

I -

1/33

I--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Page 18 DIN 58405 Sheet 3

6 Auxiliam calculations and remarks .


r e 3.1.
~

dol = 1 6 - 0 , 4

r e 3.2.1.

re 3.3. and 3.4.

e , abs =

2.0,36397-0,4 + 16 80

e*
~

0,017 937 5 mm
a = 19,2. 1,008 09
=
-

6,L. ao =
ao
=

+ 32
19,355 mm_ 19,2

2 19,2 mm
=
=

.Inl,

i- 0 , 4 . 0,4

19,355

Ir ' rrlII

0,005 m111

d k l = 6,4 f 2 0,4 (0,4f 1 , l )

2 . 0,005

d,,
dk2

32

+ 2 . 0,4. 1,1

d,
r e 4.1.1.

1 ;= 7,590

111111
~

32,880 mm

according t o Sheet 2 T a b l e 2 : T i p c i r c l e diameter wit!i machinina r l l o w n n c e f o r teni- blank:

re

4.1.2.

-- 8.5 ~ 0,34202

- -

Assumed v a r i a t i o n i n t o o t h tliickness o f t o o l :

f,,
Adhi~2

+ 5 pn

re

4.1.10

re

4.2.

re

4.4.1.

--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

rn+

13

+5

- 17 5 t __0,342 O2 0,363 97

= 21,756 min

. 4 i o l = 1,4118 [(- 6,5) f (- 3)]

AiOl= - 14 pm
A ~ , , i= 1,4618 [(- 13) Ay,ll
= -

f (-

3)]

A i u 2 = 1,4619 [(Aiu2
= ~~

17)

f (-

3)]

23pm

29 wrn

f o r gear 1 :
o n l y bearing i n n e r

ror Lem 2:

2,s pin

ring:

shaft:

bearing inner ring:

6,5 2,s ___ 9.0 uni

DIN 58405 Sheet 3 page 19

r e 5.1.

Sdrns, == 25 If: 81"" 1 _ _ _ ~ -(l/7,590' - 6,014' f 132,870'


re

5.2.

I'

30,888L)-

I(6,4 + 3 2 ) . 0,3420 2
--``,`,,`,,```,,`,`,,,``,```,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

~~

0,4 ' 3,14 . 0,939 69

=2,0

7. Summary
Gear 1 ;

c1

Gear 2 ;

c2
Drawing number

'001 basic rack p r o f i l e


lumber of t e e t h
Z

u
do

D(N58412

Fool b a s i c r a c k p r o f i l e
Number of t e e t h Module Pitch c i r c l e diameter Basic rack p r o f i l e Addendum modification f a c t o r x Helix angle Face alignment ;ear f i t t o D I N 58405 Perm. t o t a l e r r o r range ?ermiss'ble t o o t h t o toothf; :omposi$e e r r o r Perm. f a c e alignment e r r o r f,, Dual cone width Centre d i s t a n c e i n t h e dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r with master gear Number of mating gear _ _ Centre d i s t a n c e i n housing;
00
Z

16

DINSBLI; 80
034

' i t c h c i r c l e diameter

6,4 iasic r a c k p r o f i l e IDIN 58 500 ddendum modification f a c t o r 0.4

do

32
D1N 5 8 4 0 0

XI

e l i x angle ace alignment Sear f i t t o D I N 58405

00

I I

5 515 f S '
0,010 0,0035
0,004
~.

I
6' '

?erm. t o t a l e r r o r range fi** 'ermiss.ble t o o t h t o toothf; :omposiie e r r o r ?ern. f a c e alignment e r r o r f, h a 1 cone width Centre d i s t a n c e i n t h e dual f l a n k r o l l t e s t e r with master gear Number of mating gear Centre d i s t a n c e i n housing; Base tangent l e n g t h =

5 J / 5 f S"
0,012 0,0045 0,004

34,383 - 0.012 z92-n,4-(


I

21,742

-- n,oov

7.92 -0.4 - 0

c2 19.355
teeth

c1
2

0.011

[
teeth

o.o11

7,571 - 0,004

Base tangent l e n g t h =
a) measured over z ' =

0)measured over z ' = measured i n d i r e c t l y over b) t i u c i r c l e

measured i n d i r e c t l y over b) t i p c i r c l e

32,855 - 0.010

a ooa

Li-I\ aoos
2 Applies t o t h e machining of t h e blank. ,