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EMC Simulation Study


Introdution:
Coupling of electromagnetic pulse into cavities through apertures is an important issue in EMC. Its hard to estimate the shielding effectiveness by simulation soft tool because there is little precedent reference in china. So this article represent the electromagnetic relation between the mobile antenna and a small element of motherboard.

Objective:
Method 1. Shielding efficiency (SE) of the shell is examined by comparing the E field at 3 meter distance and near field, with and without the shielding box when an emitting antenna is placed inside the shell. Method 2. Insertion loss between mobile antenna and loop antenna is used to measure the electromagnetic induction intensity of two case, with and without back side shielding, for examining shielding efficiency.

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Chapter 1

Antenna Analysis

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1. Getting Started 2. Launching Ansoft HFSS


click the microsoft start button and access ansoft hfss.

3. Opening a New Project


click File > New

4. Set Solution Type


click HFSS > Solution Type (select Driven Modal)

5. Set Model Units click 3D modeler > Units (select mm) 6. Set Default Material select copper

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7. Create Model 7.1 Create ground of pcb 7.1.1 Draw > Box

Named : gnd_pcb

Edit Color : Yellow

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Input these points The first point

7.2 Create Antenna 7.2.1 Draw > Line

Right click mouse and select command of close polyline after input those point

The last point Page:5

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7.2 Create Antenna 7.2.2 Draw > Line

7.2.3

Draw > Sweep > Along path


Polyline and the line above need be pitched on first.

Named : antenna Page:6

Edit Color : Yellow

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7.3 Create Probe 7.3.1 Draw > Cylinder

Named : gnd_probe Edit Color : Yellow

Named : antenna_probe Edit Color : Yellow

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7.4 Create Air 7.4.1 Draw > Box

Named : Air Edit Color : Yellow Display Wireframe: selected

7.5 Create Lumped Port 7.5.1 Draw > Rectangle


Named : Lumped_port Edit Color : Yellow

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8 Attach Material Property 8.1 The following element : Copper

8.2 The following element : Vacuum Assign Boundary > Radiation 9 Create Excitation Port First Step : select the Lumped_port

Second Step : assign excitation > Lumped Port


Resistance : 50 Ohm Integration Line

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10 Solution Setup

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10 Run Project 10.1 HFSS > Results > Solution Data > Convergence > Plot

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10 Run Project 10.2 HFSS > Results > Create Modal Solution Data Report > Rectangular Plot

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10 Run Project 10.2 The simulation results : Dual-Band Frequency Antenna


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XY Plot 1

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info dB(S(1,1)) Setup1 : Sw eep1

-2.50

-5.00

Name m1 m2

0.9369 -11.0233 1.8414 -14.1255

dB(S(1,1))

-7.50

-10.00
m1

-12.50

m2

-15.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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Chapter 2
1. Getting Started 2. Launching Ansoft HFSS

EMC Analysis 1
Perfect Shielding Introduction

click the microsoft start button and access ansoft hfss.

3. Load the Antenna Project


click Open > Antenna. hfss (used in chapter 1)

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4. Create Cavity without Apertures 4.1 Create Cavity 4.1.1 Draw > Box

Named : Shielding

Edit Color : Green

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4. Create Cavity with Apertures 4.1 Create Cavity 4.1.2 Draw > Box

Named : Shielding_in

Edit Color : light Green

4.1.3 Modeler > Boolean > Subtract shielding Subtract shielding_in

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5 Solution Setup

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6 Run Project 6.1 The simulation results : Dual-Band Frequency Antenna


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XY Plot 1

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info dB(S(1,1)) Setup1 : Sw eep1

-2.00

-4.00

Name

-6.00

m1 m2

0.9369 -11.4842 1.7816 -15.6945

dB(S(1,1))

-8.00

-10.00

m1

-12.00

-14.00

m2

-16.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

The high resonance frequency have been decreased because of influence of shielding

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7 The field results 7.1 offset > origin

7.2 select > RelativeCS1

& Do next command

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The first resonance frequency

The second resonance frequency : 1.7816GHz

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Antenna Gain 3D polar Phase : 0

Frequency : 0.9369 GHz RelativeCS1 XY Plane & Shielding

E -Field

Shielding without aperture

The E-field is only on the surface of shielding (refer to following two page E-field diagram )

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Frequency : 0.9369 GHz

Phase : 0

RelativeCS1 XY Plane

E -Field

Shielding without aperture

The field diagram prove that there is no electromagnetic wave from antenna emission, the resonance frequency and the long arm are agreement.

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Frequency : 1.7816 GHz

Phase : 0

RelativeCS1 XY Plane

E -Field

Shielding without aperture

The field diagram prove that there is no electromagnetic wave from antenna emission, the resonance frequency and the short arm are agreement.

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7 The field results 7.3 Draw > Line

HFSS > Results > Create Fields Report > Rectangular Plot

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Proved: There is no electric field in the shielding


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XY Plot 6

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.01GHz' Phase='0deg'

0.75

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.0399GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.0698GHz' Phase='0deg'

0.50

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.0997GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.1296GHz' Phase='0deg'

0.25

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.1595GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.1894GHz' Phase='0deg'

Mag_E

0.00

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.2193GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.2492GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.2791GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.309GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.3389GHz' Phase='0deg'

-0.25

-0.50

-0.75

-1.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 Distance [mm ] 6.00 8.00 10.00

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Chapter 2
1. Getting Started 2. Launching Ansoft HFSS

EMC Analysis 2
Shielding Introduction with Aperture

click the microsoft start button and access ansoft hfss.

3. Load the Antenna Project


click Open > Antenna. hfss

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4. Create Cavity with Apertures 4.1 Create Apertures 4.1.1 Draw > Box
1 step : offset origin 2 step : Draw > Box

3 step : Duplicate Around Axis for box above

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4. Create Cavity with Apertures 4.1.2 Subtract Command

4.1.3 Run project

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5. Results 5.1 field result

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5. Results 5.1 field result


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XY Plot 2

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.01GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.0399GHz' Phase='0deg'

12.50

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.0698GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.0997GHz' Phase='0deg'

10.00

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.1296GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.1595GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.1894GHz' Phase='0deg'

Mag_E

7.50

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.2193GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.2492GHz' Phase='0deg'

5.00

Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.2791GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.309GHz' Phase='0deg' Mag_E Setup1 : Sw eep1 Freq='0.3389GHz' Phase='0deg'

2.50

0.00 0.00 2.00 4.00 Distance [m m] 6.00 8.00 10.00

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5. Results 5.1 field result


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(Max)

XY Plot 3

HFSSDesign1
Curve Inf o max(Mag_E) Setup1 : Sw eep1 Phase='0deg'

12.50

10.00

max(Mag_E)

7.50

5.00

2.50

0.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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Chapter 3
1. Getting Started 2. Launching Ansoft HFSS

EMC Analysis 3
Shielding Introduction with Aperture

click the microsoft start button and access ansoft hfss.

3. Load the Antenna Project


click Open > Antenna. hfss (used in chapter 2)

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4. Create loop antenna 4.1 Offset Origin

4.2

Draw > Circle

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4. Create dipole antenna 4.3 Draw > Line


Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5

4.4 Draw > Sweep > Along path make sure select Circle & Line , Then sweep the object 4.5 Add material property for loop antenna : copper

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4. Create dipole antenna 4.4 Draw > rectangular and Setting the Lumped port as shown bellowing

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5. Delete the mobile antenna Excitation 6. Run the Project 7.1 Create the Sphere 3 meters results of Emission Test Report
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6.00E-007

XY Plot 2

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info Sphere3meters Setup1 : Sw eep1

5.00E-007

4.00E-007

Sphere3meters

3.00E-007

2.00E-007

1.00E-007

0.00E+000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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7.2 Create the Near E-total of Near Fields Report


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0.000015

XY Plot 3

HFSSDesign1
Curve Inf o NearETotal Setup1 : Sw eep1 Phi='0deg' Theta='0deg'

0.000013

0.000010
NearETotal [V_per_meter]

0.000008

0.000005

0.000003

0.000000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

7.2 Export results above. Named separately Emission_with_shielding.tab & NearE_with_shielding.tab


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8 Modify the shielding box, as following

Then , run the project. Create the above parameters after project completed

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8 Create the Sphere 3 meters results of Emission Test Report

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0.000025

XY Plot 2

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info Sphere3meters Setup1 : Sw eep1

0.000020

0.000015
Sphere3meters

0.000010

0.000005

0.000000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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8 Create the Near E-total of Near Fields Report


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0.000025

XY Plot 2

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info Sphere3meters Setup1 : Sw eep1

0.000020

0.000015
Sphere3meters

0.000010

0.000005

0.000000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

Export results above. Named separately Emission_without_shielding.tab & NearE_without_shielding.tab

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Create New project : File > new (named compare _se) 9.1 Import the four results above & Create Modal Solution Data Report

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9
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0.000025

Create results as following


XY Plot 1
Curve Info Tb("Sphere3meters ") Emission_w ithout_shielding : Table Tb("Sphere3meters ") Emission_w ith_shielding : Table Tb("NearETotal - Phi='0deg' Theta='0deg'") NearE_w ith_shielding : Table Y Axis Tb("Sphere3meters ") Tb("Sphere3meters ") Y2 Y2

HFSSDesign1
0.0007

0.0006

0.000020

Tb("NearETotal - Phi='0deg' Theta='0deg'")_1 NearE_w ithout_shielding : Table

0.0005

Tb("Sphere3meters ")

0.000015
Y2 [V_per_meter]

0.0004

0.0003

0.000010

0.0002

0.000005 0.0001

0.000000 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Tb(Freq) [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

0.0000

Then , export the results of plot above; and name it to SE

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Modify as following
open the SE .tab file by text

Modify to

Edit the results as following diagrams

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Modify as following

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75 .0 0

X Y P lo t 1
Curve Inf o

HFS SDesign1

-20*log10(Tb("Emis sion_w ith_s hielding("Sphere3meters ") ")/Tb("Emiss ion_w ithout_shielding("Sphere3me ters ") ")) SE : Table

70 .0 0

-20*log10(Tb("NearE_w ith_s hielding ")/Tb("NearE_w ithout_shielding ")) SE : Table

65 .0 0

Shielding Effectiveness of Near E-field


60 .0 0

55 .0 0
Y1

50 .0 0

Shielding Effectiveness of E-field at 3 meters

45 .0 0

40 .0 0

35 .0 0

30 .0 0 0.00 0 .5 0 1 .0 0 1 .50 Tb (Fre q) [G H z] 2.00 2.50 3.0 0

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Chapter 4
1. Getting Started 2. Launching Ansoft HFSS

EMC Analysis 4
S21 about EMC

click the microsoft start button and access ansoft hfss.

3. Load the Antenna Project


click Open > Antenna. hfss (used in chapter 3)

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4. Add the lumped port to Mobile Antenna 5. Run the Project 6. Get the S21 S-parameter
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XY Plot 1

HFSSDesign1
Curve Info dB(S(2,1)) Setup1 : Sw eep1

-175.00

-200.00
dB(S(2,1))

-225.00

-250.00

-275.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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7. Cancel the Shielding Box from object , and run the project 8. Get the S21 parameter of model without shielding
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XY Plot 1

HFSSDesign1
Curve Inf o dB(S(2,1)) Setup1 : Sw eep1

-150.00

dB(S(2,1))

-175.00

-200.00

-225.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Freq [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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7. S21 Comparison of model with shielding and without

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XY Plot 2
Curve Inf o

HFSSDesign1

Tb("dB(S(2,1)) ") S_w ith_shielding : S_w ith_shielding Tb("dB(S(2,1)) ")_1 S_w ithout_shielding : S_w ithout_shielding

-150.00

Without Shielding

-175.00

With Shielding
Y1

-200.00

-225.00

-250.00

-275.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Tb(Freq) [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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7. dB pattern of S21 Comparison of model with shielding and without

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XY Plot 1
Curve Info

HFSSDesign1

Shielding Effectiveness of Near E-field

(Tb("w ithout_shielding")-Tb("w ith_shielding")) Import1 : Table -20*log10(Tb("Emission_w ith_shielding("Sphere3meters ") ")/Tb("Emission_w ithout_shielding("Sphere3meters ") ")) SE : Table -20*log10(Tb("NearE_w ith_shielding ")/Tb("NearE_w ithout_shielding ")) SE : Table

62.50

S21 between mobile antenna port and loop antenna

Y1

50.00

37.50

Shielding Effectiveness of E-field at 3 meters


25.00 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 Tb(Freq) [GHz] 2.00 2.50 3.00

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