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BHARTIYA SWATANTRATA SANGRAM

1175AD-1947AD

SLAVERY PERIOD
Muslim Period (1175AD 1800AD) Turks and Mughals

European Rule (1800AD 1947AD)


Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English

Muslim Period
Turks (1175 to 1340 AD.)
Turks

from Central Asia invaded India and ruled from 1175 to 1340 AD.

Attracted by Indias wealth, looted and destroyed temples.


More interested in wealth rather than politics and were soon replaced by the Mughals. The Turks dominance ended in 1526 with the invasion of Mughals from central Asia

Muslim Period
The Mughals(1526-1800AD)
Nomadic people of central Asia. The first invader was Babur, related to Genghis Khan. He defeated Rajputs and Afgans and ruled in India Aurangzeb was the last significant ruler of the Mughal Empire, preceding the european rulers His successors were week and corrupt, Aurangjeb is generally regarded as the last significant Mughal ruler. The Hindu Maratha Empire mostly replaced Mughal ruleduring the rest of the 18th century

European Rule (1800 1947)


On April, 1498 Vasco da Gama reached the western coast of India and the quest for Europeans to reach India was fulfilled. Subsequent to Vasco Da Gamas arrival in India, the Portuguese fought and established their dominance and appointed Portuguese Governor in India. After a century, due to the incompetent administration,the Portuguese power began to decline.

European Rule (1800 1947)


Dutch Rule
After the Portuguese, the Dutch rose to power and established the Dutch East India Company Only after a short rule, the Dutch East India Company declined under the pressure from the English. The British navy was much superior to the Dutch and theEnglish controlled the Dutch possessions in India.

The British Rule


Lured by the Portugueses success in India, the Englishtoo wished to have their share of wealth and profits.
Despite the looting and plundering by Muslims and eastEuropeans, India was still one of the most rich countries in the world. In 1600 Queen Elizabeth granted a charter to a companyof merchants to trade freely with India. British East India Company flourished and controlled the whole country. India was ruled by British from 1858 to 1947. Lord Mount Batten was the last governor general to rule over India.

1857 FIRST FREEDOM FIGHT


CAUSES
Increased land-revenue payments . Mass conversions of Hindus and Muslims to Christianity. New Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle. Doctrine of Lapse Transfer of indian wealth to Britain

SIGNS OF KRANTI

FREEDOM FIGHTERS

AFTER EFFECTS
The rebellion saw the end of the British East India Company's rule in India. In August, by the Government of India Act 1858, the company was formally dissolved and its ruling powers over India were transferred to the British Crown. Created a new education system(maikale) Formation of CONGRESS(A.O.Hume)

INDIAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT


Bang-Bhang aandolan(1905) Satyagraha during the anti-Rowlatt Act(1919) . Jallianwala Bagh massacre(1919) The first Non cooperation movement(1922) The Chauri Chaura incident Simon Commission (1927) Salt March (1930) India's entrance into World War II(1939) Persuaded participants at the annual Muslim League session at Lahore in 1940 Quit India(1942) The Indian National Army(1943) Direct Action Day(16 Aug.1947)

INDIAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT


Revolutionary activities
Jugantar party (1906) On 1 July 1909, Madan Lal Dhingra, an Indian student closely identified with India House in London shot dead William Hutt Curzon Hindustan Socialist Republican Association Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly on 8 April 1929 protesting against the passage of the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Disputes Bill. On 13 March 1940, Udham Singh shot Michael O'Dwyer.

INDIAN INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT

PARTITION

15 AUGUST 1947

PARTITION
7,226,000 Muslims went to Pakistan from India.

7,249,000 Hindus and Sikhs moved to India from Pakistan immediately after partition.
Number of deaths range around roughly 500,000, with low estimates at 200,000 and high estimates at 1,000,000

INDIA

THANK YOU
PRESENTED BY

KAPIL SHARMA