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ch24

ch24

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. The greatest use of fresh water in the United States is for industrial purposes. True False

2. Water that falls in eastern Colorado eventually ends up in the Atlantic Ocean. True False

3. The water table is an underground layer of water that tends to follow the topography of the surface. True False

4. The water that evaporates from lakes and streams is fresh, whereas water evaporating from the oceans is salty. True False

5. Plant life in the upper, sunlit water tends to reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide and increase the concentration of dissolved oxygen gas. True False

6. Ocean waves transport objects that float toward the shore. True False

7. Dense, high salinity water from the Atlantic Ocean flows into the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the saltier seas. True False

8. Waves "break" as they approach a shore due to the friction between the bottom and the moving water. True False

9. Tidal waves are actually not associated with tides or tide-making processes. True False

10. In the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream moves water to the southwest. True False

11. The largest freshwater reservoir in the world is A. the oceans. B. lakes and streams. C. the atmosphere. D. glaciers and ice caps.

12. The water that runs in permanent streams A. comes from the runoff of recent rains or snow. B. comes from groundwater that has seeped into the stream channel. C. accounts for about 70% of precipitation. D. flows intermittently.

13. Of the total water supply, what is the amount that is available for human consumption and agriculture? A. less than 1% B. about 3% C. about 50% D. over 97%

14. Compared to the amount of surface water the amount of water stored in groundwater is A. 1/10 as great. B. roughly equal. C. about 5 times as great. D. roughly 25 times as great.

15. The average daily water consumption in the United States is roughly ____ liters/day. A. 150 B. 570 C. 1,500 D. 5,700

16. A watershed is A. a layer of permeable material capable of storing groundwater. B. the land area drained by a stream. C. the amount of precipitation released by a rainstorm. D. the amount of water stored in the ground and in reservoirs.

17. A layer of heavy clay after a rain would be A. highly porous and permeable. B. quite porous, but not very permeable. C. not very porous, but quite permeable. D. neither porous nor permeable.

18. The Gulf of Mexico is a shallow sea of the A. Atlantic Ocean. B. Indian Ocean. C. Pacific Ocean. D. South American Ocean.

19. The two most common ions in seawater are sodium and A. calcium. B. carbonate. C. magnesium. D. chlorine.

20. About what is the average concentration of salts in Earth's oceans? A. 0.35% B. 3.5% C. 35% D. None of the above.

21. The characteristics of ocean waves are influenced by A. wind speed. B. length of time the wind blows. C. the fetch. D. All of the above.

22. Considering only available sunlight and the ability to dissolve gases, the most abundant plant life should be found in a A. cool, relatively shallow ocean. B. warm, relatively shallow ocean. C. cool very deep ocean. D. warm, very deep ocean.

23. A current that moves parallel to the shore in the surf zone is called a A. rip current. B. longshore current. C. undertow. D. turbidity current.

24. An object floating on the surface when a waves passes A. bobs up and down. B. is pushed along by the wave. C. moves up and forward, then down and backward. D. moves in a backward circular motion.

25. Surface ocean currents are generally driven by A. the prevailing winds. B. Earth's rotation. C. density currents. D. heat from Earth's interior.

26. Which of the following statements about seamounts is false? A. They are steep volcanic peaks in ocean basins. B. They are most common in the Pacific Ocean. C. Islands are seamounts that are higher than sea level. D. Iceland is an example of a giant seamount in the Atlantic Ocean.

27. The greatest volume of water is moved by the A. Mississippi River. B. Gulf Stream. C. Colorado River. D. California Current.

28. Consider the shore profile below. At what point would waves whose wavelength is 20 m begin to experience friction with the bottom? A. A B. B C. C D. D

29. Which of the following statements about the continental shelf is false? A. It is part of the continent covered with an average depth of 130 m of seawater. B. It is probably above water during major ice ages. C. It is the transition between the continent and the deep ocean basins. D. On average, it is about 75 km wide.

30. All of the following are features of ocean basins except A. ridges. B. trenches. C. seamounts. D. submarine canyons.

ch24 Key

1. The greatest use of fresh water in the United States is for industrial purposes. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #1 Topic: Hydrosphere

2. Water that falls in eastern Colorado eventually ends up in the Atlantic Ocean. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #2 Topic: Hydrosphere

3. The water table is an underground layer of water that tends to follow the topography of the surface. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #3 Topic: Hydrosphere

4. The water that evaporates from lakes and streams is fresh, whereas water evaporating from the oceans is salty. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #4 Topic: Hydrosphere

5. Plant life in the upper, sunlit water tends to reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide and increase the concentration of dissolved oxygen gas. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #5 Topic: Hydrosphere

6. Ocean waves transport objects that float toward the shore. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #6 Topic: Hydrosphere

7. Dense, high salinity water from the Atlantic Ocean flows into the Mediterranean Sea, making it one of the saltier seas. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #7 Topic: Hydrosphere

8. Waves "break" as they approach a shore due to the friction between the bottom and the moving water. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #8 Topic: Hydrosphere

9. Tidal waves are actually not associated with tides or tide-making processes. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #9 Topic: Hydrosphere

10. In the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf Stream moves water to the southwest. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #10 Topic: Hydrosphere

11. The largest freshwater reservoir in the world is A. the oceans. B. lakes and streams. C. the atmosphere. D. glaciers and ice caps.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #11 Topic: Hydrosphere

12. The water that runs in permanent streams A. comes from the runoff of recent rains or snow. B. comes from groundwater that has seeped into the stream channel. C. accounts for about 70% of precipitation. D. flows intermittently.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #12 Topic: Hydrosphere

13. Of the total water supply, what is the amount that is available for human consumption and agriculture? A. less than 1% B. about 3% C. about 50% D. over 97%

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #13 Topic: Hydrosphere

14. Compared to the amount of surface water the amount of water stored in groundwater is A. 1/10 as great. B. roughly equal. C. about 5 times as great. D. roughly 25 times as great.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #14 Topic: Hydrosphere

15. The average daily water consumption in the United States is roughly ____ liters/day. A. 150 B. 570 C. 1,500 D. 5,700

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #15 Topic: Hydrosphere

16. A watershed is A. a layer of permeable material capable of storing groundwater. B. the land area drained by a stream. C. the amount of precipitation released by a rainstorm. D. the amount of water stored in the ground and in reservoirs.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #16 Topic: Hydrosphere

17. A layer of heavy clay after a rain would be A. highly porous and permeable. B. quite porous, but not very permeable. C. not very porous, but quite permeable. D. neither porous nor permeable.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.01 Tillery - Chapter 24 #17 Topic: Hydrosphere

18. The Gulf of Mexico is a shallow sea of the A. Atlantic Ocean. B. Indian Ocean. C. Pacific Ocean. D. South American Ocean.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #18 Topic: Hydrosphere

19. The two most common ions in seawater are sodium and A. calcium. B. carbonate. C. magnesium. D. chlorine.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #19 Topic: Hydrosphere

20. About what is the average concentration of salts in Earth's oceans? A. 0.35% B. 3.5% C. 35% D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #20 Topic: Hydrosphere

21. The characteristics of ocean waves are influenced by A. wind speed. B. length of time the wind blows. C. the fetch. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #21 Topic: Hydrosphere

22. Considering only available sunlight and the ability to dissolve gases, the most abundant plant life should be found in a A. cool, relatively shallow ocean. B. warm, relatively shallow ocean. C. cool very deep ocean. D. warm, very deep ocean.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #22 Topic: Hydrosphere

23. A current that moves parallel to the shore in the surf zone is called a A. rip current. B. longshore current. C. undertow. D. turbidity current.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #23 Topic: Hydrosphere

24. An object floating on the surface when a waves passes A. bobs up and down. B. is pushed along by the wave. C. moves up and forward, then down and backward. D. moves in a backward circular motion.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #24 Topic: Hydrosphere

25. Surface ocean currents are generally driven by A. the prevailing winds. B. Earth's rotation. C. density currents. D. heat from Earth's interior.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #25 Topic: Hydrosphere

26. Which of the following statements about seamounts is false? A. They are steep volcanic peaks in ocean basins. B. They are most common in the Pacific Ocean. C. Islands are seamounts that are higher than sea level. D. Iceland is an example of a giant seamount in the Atlantic Ocean.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.03 Tillery - Chapter 24 #26 Topic: Hydrosphere

27. The greatest volume of water is moved by the A. Mississippi River. B. Gulf Stream. C. Colorado River. D. California Current.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #27 Topic: Hydrosphere

28. Consider the shore profile below. At what point would waves whose wavelength is 20 m begin to experience friction with the bottom? A. A B. B C. C D. D

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.02 Tillery - Chapter 24 #28 Topic: Hydrosphere

29. Which of the following statements about the continental shelf is false? A. It is part of the continent covered with an average depth of 130 m of seawater. B. It is probably above water during major ice ages. C. It is the transition between the continent and the deep ocean basins. D. On average, it is about 75 km wide.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.03 Tillery - Chapter 24 #29 Topic: Hydrosphere

30. All of the following are features of ocean basins except A. ridges. B. trenches. C. seamounts. D. submarine canyons.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 24.03 Tillery - Chapter 24 #30 Topic: Hydrosphere

ch24 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 24.01 Section: 24.02 Section: 24.03 Tillery - Chapter 24 Topic: Hydrosphere # of Questions 4 12 14 11 16 3 30 30