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ch3

ch3

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Work is the rate at which you expend energy. True False

2. The energy an object has because of its position is called potential energy. True False

3. The increase in potential energy caused by lifting an object can be calculated by multiplying its weight by its change in height. True False

4. Your electric bill for 1500 kilowatt-hours is a charge for the power you have used that month. True False

5. You do more work on yourself when you run up the stairs than when you walk slowly. True False

6. Plants convert radiant energy from the Sun into chemical energy by a process called photosynthesis. True False

7. An object that falls twice as far will be moving twice as fast when it hits the ground. True False

8. As we deplete our coal reserves, we can replace this lost source of energy by increasing our output of hydroelectric power. True False

9. Energy is not conserved when a moving object slows to a stop. True False

10. Nearly all of the energy consumed today is provided by petroleum, coal, hydropower and nuclear sources. True False

11. The watt (W) is a unit of A. work. B. electrical energy. C. power. D. force.

12. The quantity that has units is known as a A. joule. B. newton. C. horsepower. D. watt.

13. Which one of the following has an appropriate unit? A. work - joule B. force - newton C. power - watt D. All of the above.

14. Which one of the following does not have the same units as the others? A. kinetic energy B. momentum C. potential energy D. work

15. A car traveling 20 mph can stop in about 40 ft. If the same car were traveling twice as fast, its stopping distance would be roughly A. 40 ft. B. 60 ft. C. 80 ft. D. 160 ft.

16. When a light bulb is rated at 60 W, it means that A. the bulb uses 60 J of power when it is lit. B. current is traveling at 60 m/s through the filament. C. each second, the bulb converts 60 J of electrical energy to heat and light. D. the bulb loses 60 W of potential energy each second.

17. Kinetic energy refers to A. energy of motion. B. energy of position. C. energy stored in fossil fuels. D. electrical energy.

18. When you throw a ball into the air, its kinetic energy A. equals . B. equals the work you did on the ball. C. is converted to potential energy as it goes higher. D. All of the above.

19. The amount of energy produced by power-generating dams is A. increasing, as more of this clean, non-polluting resource is used. B. increasing, as more renewable resources are used. C. decreasing, as more energy is used but new dams are not being built. D. decreasing, as old dams are destroyed for environmental reasons.

20. Coal that is used in a coal-fired power plant is A. broken into rice-sized granules and transported on belts. B. ground to a face-powder consistency and blown into furnaces. C. burned in baseball-sized chunks for a hotter fire. D. transported and burned in all sizes of coal chunks.

21. Of the following, which rank of coal has the most desirable burning properties and highest energy content? A. peat B. lignite C. subbituminous D. bituminous

22. Which solar technology makes economic sense for a homeowner? A. solar cells B. water heating C. power tower D. biomass

23. The potential energy of a ball on the ground is zero. If the ball is now in the bottom of a hole, its potential energy is A. non existent. B. the same as it was on the surface. C. negative. D. zero.

24. Two students stand poised to leap off a high dive structure into the swimming pool below. Student B is twice as massive as student A. Which of the following is true? A. Student B will reach the ground sooner than student A. B. Both students have the same gravitational potential energy. C. Both students will have the same kinetic energy just before impact. D. Student B did twice as much work climbing to the top of the structure.

25. While exploring an ancient Mayan tomb, you discover that the walls are closing in on you. By exerting 400 N of force, you are able to keep the wall from coming closer. The work you are doing on the wall is A. 400 J. B. 3920 J. C. unknown, because the mass of the wall is not given. D. zero, because the wall is not moving.

26. The solar technology that is today contributing about as much energy as moving water is A. solar cells. B. OTEC. C. power tower. D. biomass.

27. Which form of energy does not require matter for traveling through space? A. electrical B. chemical C. radiant D. mechanical

28. Roughly, what fraction of our nation's current energy needs is supplied by coal? A. 10% B. 20% C. 40% D. 80%

29. Energy sources used today are mostly in what form of energy? A. electrical B. chemical C. radiant D. nuclear

30. You can find the kinetic energy of a book of a certain mass just before it hits the floor after falling a certain distance by using which equation? A. W = Fd B. K.E. = mv2 C. P.E. = mgh D. None of the above.

ch3 Key

1. Work is the rate at which you expend energy. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #1 Topic: Work and Power

2. The energy an object has because of its position is called potential energy. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #2 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

3. The increase in potential energy caused by lifting an object can be calculated by multiplying its weight by its change in height. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #3 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

4. Your electric bill for 1500 kilowatt-hours is a charge for the power you have used that month. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #4 Topic: Work and Power

5. You do more work on yourself when you run up the stairs than when you walk slowly. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #5 Topic: Work and Power

6. Plants convert radiant energy from the Sun into chemical energy by a process called photosynthesis. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.03 Tillery - Chapter 03 #6 Topic: Energy conversion

7. An object that falls twice as far will be moving twice as fast when it hits the ground. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #7 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

8. As we deplete our coal reserves, we can replace this lost source of energy by increasing our output of hydroelectric power. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #8 Topic: Energy conversion

9. Energy is not conserved when a moving object slows to a stop. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.03 Tillery - Chapter 03 #9 Topic: Energy conversion

10. Nearly all of the energy consumed today is provided by petroleum, coal, hydropower and nuclear sources. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #10 Topic: Energy conversion

11. The watt (W) is a unit of A. work. B. electrical energy. C. power. D. force.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #11 Topic: Work and Power

12. The quantity that has units is known as a A. joule. B. newton. C. horsepower. D. watt.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #12 Topic: Work and Power

13. Which one of the following has an appropriate unit? A. work - joule B. force - newton C. power - watt D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #13 Topic: Work and Power

14. Which one of the following does not have the same units as the others? A. kinetic energy B. momentum C. potential energy D. work

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #14 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

15. A car traveling 20 mph can stop in about 40 ft. If the same car were traveling twice as fast, its stopping distance would be roughly A. 40 ft. B. 60 ft. C. 80 ft. D. 160 ft.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #15 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

16. When a light bulb is rated at 60 W, it means that A. the bulb uses 60 J of power when it is lit. B. current is traveling at 60 m/s through the filament. C. each second, the bulb converts 60 J of electrical energy to heat and light. D. the bulb loses 60 W of potential energy each second.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #16 Topic: Energy conversion

17. Kinetic energy refers to A. energy of motion. B. energy of position. C. energy stored in fossil fuels. D. electrical energy.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #17 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

18. When you throw a ball into the air, its kinetic energy A. equals . B. equals the work you did on the ball. C. is converted to potential energy as it goes higher. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #18 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

19. The amount of energy produced by power-generating dams is A. increasing, as more of this clean, non-polluting resource is used. B. increasing, as more renewable resources are used. C. decreasing, as more energy is used but new dams are not being built. D. decreasing, as old dams are destroyed for environmental reasons.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #19 Topic: Energy conversion

20. Coal that is used in a coal-fired power plant is A. broken into rice-sized granules and transported on belts. B. ground to a face-powder consistency and blown into furnaces. C. burned in baseball-sized chunks for a hotter fire. D. transported and burned in all sizes of coal chunks.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #20 Topic: Energy conversion

21. Of the following, which rank of coal has the most desirable burning properties and highest energy content? A. peat B. lignite C. subbituminous D. bituminous

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #21 Topic: Energy conversion

22. Which solar technology makes economic sense for a homeowner? A. solar cells B. water heating C. power tower D. biomass

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.05 Tillery - Chapter 03 #22 Topic: Energy conversion

23. The potential energy of a ball on the ground is zero. If the ball is now in the bottom of a hole, its potential energy is A. non existent. B. the same as it was on the surface. C. negative. D. zero.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #23 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

24. Two students stand poised to leap off a high dive structure into the swimming pool below. Student B is twice as massive as student A. Which of the following is true? A. Student B will reach the ground sooner than student A. B. Both students have the same gravitational potential energy. C. Both students will have the same kinetic energy just before impact. D. Student B did twice as much work climbing to the top of the structure.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #24 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

25. While exploring an ancient Mayan tomb, you discover that the walls are closing in on you. By exerting 400 N of force, you are able to keep the wall from coming closer. The work you are doing on the wall is A. 400 J. B. 3920 J. C. unknown, because the mass of the wall is not given. D. zero, because the wall is not moving.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.01 Tillery - Chapter 03 #25 Topic: Work and Power

26. The solar technology that is today contributing about as much energy as moving water is A. solar cells. B. OTEC. C. power tower. D. biomass.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.05 Tillery - Chapter 03 #26 Topic: Energy conversion

27. Which form of energy does not require matter for traveling through space? A. electrical B. chemical C. radiant D. mechanical

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.03 Tillery - Chapter 03 #27 Topic: Energy conversion

28. Roughly, what fraction of our nation's current energy needs is supplied by coal? A. 10% B. 20% C. 40% D. 80%

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #28 Topic: Energy conversion

29. Energy sources used today are mostly in what form of energy? A. electrical B. chemical C. radiant D. nuclear

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.04 Tillery - Chapter 03 #29 Topic: Energy conversion

30. You can find the kinetic energy of a book of a certain mass just before it hits the floor after falling a certain distance by using which equation? A. W = Fd B. K.E. = mv2 C. P.E. = mgh D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.02 Tillery - Chapter 03 #30 Topic: Potential and kinetic energy

ch3 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 3.01 Section: 3.02 Section: 3.03 Section: 3.04 Section: 3.05 Tillery - Chapter 03 Topic: Energy conversion Topic: Potential and kinetic energy Topic: Work and Power # of Questions 1 15 14 8 10 3 7 2 30 13 10 7