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ch4

ch4

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Molecules are the smallest units of matter with the characteristic properties of a substance. True False

2. Water beads up on wax paper because its cohesive forces are greater than the adhesive forces. True False

3. Temperature is a measure of the amount of heat stored in a substance. True False

4. The molecules of a gas are much farther apart than molecules in a solid or liquid. True False

5. A liquid at 20C is twice as hot as the liquid at 10C. True False

6. The degrees on the Celsius scale are larger than degrees on the Fahrenheit scale. True False

7. The nutritionist's Calorie is really a kilocalorie. True False

8. The sum of all the energy of the molecules of an object is called the temperature of that object. True False

9. Iron heats up more rapidly than does aluminum because it has a greater specific heat. True False

10. Liquid water at 0C has to give up energy in order to become ice at 0C. True False

11. What is the temperature that is the same numerical value on both the Fahrenheit and Celsius scale? A. 212 B. 0 C. -40 D. -273

12. The attractive forces between unlike molecules is called A. cohesion. B. adhesion. C. diffusion. D. friction.

13. What is the average temperature of healthy humans on the Celsius scale? A. 100 B. 68 C. 37 D. 20

14. Molecules in a solid A. are harder than molecules in liquids or gases. B. transfer heat to their neighbors by a process called convection. C. have no internal energy because they are not moving around. D. are held in nearly fixed positions by strong attractive forces.

15. The process by which solids vaporize without first becoming a liquid is called A. sublimation. B. condensation. C. evaporation. D. boiling.

16. When water vapor condenses to a liquid A. it absorbs energy from the surroundings. B. its temperature drops sharply. C. it transfers heat to the surroundings. D. its temperature rises slightly.

17. In the equation: Q = mct, the c stands for the A. heat of vaporization. B. number of calories gained or lost. C. convection coefficient. D. specific heat.

18. Your body judges temperature A. very poorly, sensing only heat flow. B. within 5C of the actual temperature. C. better than most thermometers. D. None of the above.

19. The heat needed to warm one gram of water one Celsius degree is called a A. joule. B. calorie. C. Btu. D. kilocalorie.

20. The water in a swimming pool is cooler than the surrounding sidewalk because it A. has a higher specific heat. B. has weaker attractive forces. C. loses heat more rapidly. D. has a lower density.

21. Water molecules move back and forth between the liquid and gaseous phases A. only when the space above a liquid is not saturated. B. only at 100C. C. only when the humidity is low. D. at all times.

22. The transfer of heat that occurs when energy moves from molecules to molecule is called A. convection. B. conduction. C. radiation. D. phase change.

23. The amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of 1 gram of a substance 1 degree Celsius is known as A. latent heat. B. specific heat. C. a calorie. D. Btu.

24. Adding heat to a substance A. always results in a temperature increase. B. sometimes does not result in a temperature change. C. sometimes results in a temperature decrease. D. None of the above.

25. The heat death of the universe is a theoretical time in the future when the universe is supposed to A. have a high enough temperature to kill all living things. B. have a very high temperature, vaporizing all matter. C. freeze at a uniform low temperature. D. use up the entire supply of entropy.

26. A statement that the energy supplied to a system in the form of heat, minus the work done by the system, is equal to the change in internal energy represents the A. first law of thermodynamics. B. second law of thermodynamics. C. third law of thermodynamics. D. law of increasing entropy.

27. Which thermodynamic law says that you cannot convert 100 percent of a heat source into mechanical energy? A. first law of thermodynamics B. second law of thermodynamics C. third law of thermodynamics D. law of increasing entropy

28. When the evaporation rate equals the condensation rate, the space above the liquid is A. heating. B. cooling. C. saturated. D. in a phase change.

29. A passive solar home with direct solar gain requires A. a large, open window space. B. a calculated overhang. C. storage mass without carpets or drapes. D. All of the above.

30. Which of the following involves the greatest amount of heat when warming 100 grams of ice? A. warming the ice B. melting the ice C. warming the water D. evaporating the water

ch4 Key

1. Molecules are the smallest units of matter with the characteristic properties of a substance. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.01 Tillery - Chapter 04 #1 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

2. Water beads up on wax paper because its cohesive forces are greater than the adhesive forces. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.01 Tillery - Chapter 04 #2 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

3. Temperature is a measure of the amount of heat stored in a substance. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.02 Tillery - Chapter 04 #3 Topic: Temperature

4. The molecules of a gas are much farther apart than molecules in a solid or liquid. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.01 Tillery - Chapter 04 #4 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

5. A liquid at 20C is twice as hot as the liquid at 10C. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.02 Tillery - Chapter 04 #5 Topic: Temperature

6. The degrees on the Celsius scale are larger than degrees on the Fahrenheit scale. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.02 Tillery - Chapter 04 #6 Topic: Temperature

7. The nutritionist's Calorie is really a kilocalorie. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #7 Topic: Heat

8. The sum of all the energy of the molecules of an object is called the temperature of that object. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #8 Topic: Heat

9. Iron heats up more rapidly than does aluminum because it has a greater specific heat. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #9 Topic: Heat

10. Liquid water at 0C has to give up energy in order to become ice at 0C. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.04 Tillery - Chapter 04 #10 Topic: Heat

11. What is the temperature that is the same numerical value on both the Fahrenheit and Celsius scale? A. 212 B. 0 C. -40 D. -273

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.02 Tillery - Chapter 04 #11 Topic: Temperature

12. The attractive forces between unlike molecules is called A. cohesion. B. adhesion. C. diffusion. D. friction.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 4.01 Tillery - Chapter 04 #12 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

13. What is the average temperature of healthy humans on the Celsius scale? A. 100 B. 68 C. 37 D. 20

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.02 Tillery - Chapter 04 #13 Topic: Temperature

14. Molecules in a solid A. are harder than molecules in liquids or gases. B. transfer heat to their neighbors by a process called convection. C. have no internal energy because they are not moving around. D. are held in nearly fixed positions by strong attractive forces.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.01 Tillery - Chapter 04 #14 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

15. The process by which solids vaporize without first becoming a liquid is called A. sublimation. B. condensation. C. evaporation. D. boiling.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 4.04 Tillery - Chapter 04 #15 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

16. When water vapor condenses to a liquid A. it absorbs energy from the surroundings. B. its temperature drops sharply. C. it transfers heat to the surroundings. D. its temperature rises slightly.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.04 Tillery - Chapter 04 #16 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

17. In the equation: Q = mct, the c stands for the A. heat of vaporization. B. number of calories gained or lost. C. convection coefficient. D. specific heat.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #17 Topic: Heat

18. Your body judges temperature A. very poorly, sensing only heat flow. B. within 5C of the actual temperature. C. better than most thermometers. D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.02 Tillery - Chapter 04 #18 Topic: Temperature

19. The heat needed to warm one gram of water one Celsius degree is called a A. joule. B. calorie. C. Btu. D. kilocalorie.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #19 Topic: Heat

20. The water in a swimming pool is cooler than the surrounding sidewalk because it A. has a higher specific heat. B. has weaker attractive forces. C. loses heat more rapidly. D. has a lower density.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #20 Topic: Heat

21. Water molecules move back and forth between the liquid and gaseous phases A. only when the space above a liquid is not saturated. B. only at 100C. C. only when the humidity is low. D. at all times.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.01 Tillery - Chapter 04 #21 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

22. The transfer of heat that occurs when energy moves from molecules to molecule is called A. convection. B. conduction. C. radiation. D. phase change.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #22 Topic: Heat

23. The amount of heat needed to increase the temperature of 1 gram of a substance 1 degree Celsius is known as A. latent heat. B. specific heat. C. a calorie. D. Btu.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #23 Topic: Heat

24. Adding heat to a substance A. always results in a temperature increase. B. sometimes does not result in a temperature change. C. sometimes results in a temperature decrease. D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.03 Tillery - Chapter 04 #24 Topic: Heat

25. The heat death of the universe is a theoretical time in the future when the universe is supposed to A. have a high enough temperature to kill all living things. B. have a very high temperature, vaporizing all matter. C. freeze at a uniform low temperature. D. use up the entire supply of entropy.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.05 Tillery - Chapter 04 #25 Topic: Thermodynamics

26. A statement that the energy supplied to a system in the form of heat, minus the work done by the system, is equal to the change in internal energy represents the A. first law of thermodynamics. B. second law of thermodynamics. C. third law of thermodynamics. D. law of increasing entropy.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.05 Tillery - Chapter 04 #26 Topic: Thermodynamics

27. Which thermodynamic law says that you cannot convert 100 percent of a heat source into mechanical energy? A. first law of thermodynamics B. second law of thermodynamics C. third law of thermodynamics D. law of increasing entropy

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.05 Tillery - Chapter 04 #27 Topic: Thermodynamics

28. When the evaporation rate equals the condensation rate, the space above the liquid is A. heating. B. cooling. C. saturated. D. in a phase change.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.04 Tillery - Chapter 04 #28 Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory

29. A passive solar home with direct solar gain requires A. a large, open window space. B. a calculated overhang. C. storage mass without carpets or drapes. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.04 Tillery - Chapter 04 #29 Topic: Heat

30. Which of the following involves the greatest amount of heat when warming 100 grams of ice? A. warming the ice B. melting the ice C. warming the water D. evaporating the water

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 4.04 Tillery - Chapter 04 #30 Topic: Heat

ch4 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 4.01 Section: 4.02 Section: 4.03 Section: 4.04 Section: 4.05 Tillery - Chapter 04 Topic: Heat Topic: Kinetic Molecular Theory Topic: Temperature Topic: Thermodynamics # of Questions 2 18 10 6 6 9 6 3 30 12 9 6 3