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# ch5

ch5

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. The restoring force of a spring is proportional to the displacement of the object at the end. True False

2. The frequency is the time required for one complete cycle. True False

## 3. Waves that move through air are transverse. True False

4. The amplitude of a wave is the distance from the crest to the equilibrium position. True False

5. Sound travels faster through cold, denser air than through warm, less dense air. True False

6. Piano tuners listen to the beat frequency between their tuning fork and the wire they are tuning. True False

## 8. In resonance the amplitude of a vibrating source becomes larger. True False

9. The fundamental frequency of a vibrating string has a length that is 1/2 the wavelength. True False

10. When you are moving toward a stationary source of a sound, its frequency will appear lower than it actually is. True False

11. Through which medium will sound travel most rapidly? A. vacuum B. air C. water D. steel

12. Sound waves in air A. are longitudinal waves. B. are produced by something vibrating. C. undergo refraction when they pass through warm and cold air. D. All of the above.

13. The time that is required for a vibrating object to complete one full cycle is called A. frequency. B. wavelength. C. amplitude. D. period.

14. Longitudinal waves with a frequency above 20,000 Hz are A. impossible. B. supersonic. C. ultrasonic. D. infrasonic.

15. If v = f, then how are and f related? A. is directly proportional to f B. is inversely proportional to f C. is a factor of f D. and f are unrelated

16. Transverse mechanical waves can pass through A. solids. B. liquids. C. gases. D. All of the above.

17. In longitudinal waves, the medium A. vibrates in a direction perpendicular to the direction of motion of the wave. B. vibrates in the same direction the wave is moving. C. moves in sort of a circular motion. D. doesn't vibrate; the disturbance just moves through the medium.

18. The characteristic of a sound wave that you interpret as loudness is related to A. frequency. B. wavelength. C. amplitude. D. velocity.

19. Reflected sound waves that are heard within 0.1 s A. undergo a gain in volume. B. make an echo. C. cause interference. D. make a beat.

20. The higher the frequency of a sound wave A. the higher the pitch. B. the longer the wavelength. C. the higher the velocity. D. the greater the amplitude.

21. A noise level of 65 decibels is measured for A. a whisper. B. a jet plane. C. normal conversation. D. a library.

22. The bending of a wave at the boundary between two media is called A. reflection. B. resonance. C. reverberation. D. refraction.

23. The lowest frequency possible in a vibrating string undergoing resonance is A. the fundamental frequency. B. determines the pitch of the musical note sounded. C. has one antinode. D. All of the above.

24. When the trough of one wave arrives at the same time and place as the crest of an otherwise identical wave, A. constructive interference occurs. B. destructive interference occurs. C. resonance occurs. D. they don't interact with each other.

25. Suppose that you hold a vibrating 340-Hz tuning fork near a guitar string that is vibrating at 350 Hz. What you hear is A. two separate tones of different frequency. B. one tone with a frequency of 345 Hz. C. beats with a frequency of 10 Hz. D. one tone with a frequency of 690 Hz.

26. What is the range of normal human hearing? A. 200 to 120,000 Hz B. 20 to 2,000 Hz C. 50 to 10,000 Hz D. 20 to 20,000 Hz

27. Condensation in a longitudinal wave corresponds to what part of a transverse wave? A. crest B. trough C. wavelength D. amplitude

28. Resonance occurs at a (an) A. natural frequency. B. intensity match. C. point of constructive interference. D. point of destructive interference.

29. A sound that is perceived as twice as loud requires A. twice the intensity. B. four times the intensity. C. ten times the intensity. D. one-hundred times the intensity.

30. You are able to hear sounds from farther away on a cool night because sound waves are refracted toward A. cooler air near the ground. B. warmer air above the ground. C. cooler air above the ground. D. warmer air near the ground.

ch5 Key

1. The restoring force of a spring is proportional to the displacement of the object at the end. TRUE

## Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.01 Tillery - Chapter 05 #1 Topic: Vibrations

2. The frequency is the time required for one complete cycle. FALSE

## Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.02 Tillery - Chapter 05 #3 Topic: Waves

4. The amplitude of a wave is the distance from the crest to the equilibrium position. TRUE

## Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.03 Tillery - Chapter 05 #4 Topic: Waves

5. Sound travels faster through cold, denser air than through warm, less dense air. FALSE

## Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #5 Topic: Sound

6. Piano tuners listen to the beat frequency between their tuning fork and the wire they are tuning. TRUE

## Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 5.05 Tillery - Chapter 05 #8 Topic: Sound

9. The fundamental frequency of a vibrating string has a length that is 1/2 the wavelength. TRUE

## Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.06 Tillery - Chapter 05 #9 Topic: Sound

10. When you are moving toward a stationary source of a sound, its frequency will appear lower than it actually is. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.06 Tillery - Chapter 05 #10 Topic: Sound

11. Through which medium will sound travel most rapidly? A. vacuum B. air C. water D. steel

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #11 Topic: Sound

12. Sound waves in air A. are longitudinal waves. B. are produced by something vibrating. C. undergo refraction when they pass through warm and cold air. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #12 Topic: Sound

13. The time that is required for a vibrating object to complete one full cycle is called A. frequency. B. wavelength. C. amplitude. D. period.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.01 Tillery - Chapter 05 #13 Topic: Vibrations

14. Longitudinal waves with a frequency above 20,000 Hz are A. impossible. B. supersonic. C. ultrasonic. D. infrasonic.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #14 Topic: Sound

15. If v = f, then how are and f related? A. is directly proportional to f B. is inversely proportional to f C. is a factor of f D. and f are unrelated

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #15 Topic: Sound

16. Transverse mechanical waves can pass through A. solids. B. liquids. C. gases. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.02 Tillery - Chapter 05 #16 Topic: Sound

17. In longitudinal waves, the medium A. vibrates in a direction perpendicular to the direction of motion of the wave. B. vibrates in the same direction the wave is moving. C. moves in sort of a circular motion. D. doesn't vibrate; the disturbance just moves through the medium.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.02 Tillery - Chapter 05 #17 Topic: Sound

18. The characteristic of a sound wave that you interpret as loudness is related to A. frequency. B. wavelength. C. amplitude. D. velocity.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #18 Topic: Sound

19. Reflected sound waves that are heard within 0.1 s A. undergo a gain in volume. B. make an echo. C. cause interference. D. make a beat.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #19 Topic: Sound

20. The higher the frequency of a sound wave A. the higher the pitch. B. the longer the wavelength. C. the higher the velocity. D. the greater the amplitude.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #20 Topic: Sound

21. A noise level of 65 decibels is measured for A. a whisper. B. a jet plane. C. normal conversation. D. a library.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.06 Tillery - Chapter 05 #21 Topic: Sound

22. The bending of a wave at the boundary between two media is called A. reflection. B. resonance. C. reverberation. D. refraction.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #22 Topic: Sound

23. The lowest frequency possible in a vibrating string undergoing resonance is A. the fundamental frequency. B. determines the pitch of the musical note sounded. C. has one antinode. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 5.06 Tillery - Chapter 05 #23 Topic: Sound

24. When the trough of one wave arrives at the same time and place as the crest of an otherwise identical wave, A. constructive interference occurs. B. destructive interference occurs. C. resonance occurs. D. they don't interact with each other.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #24 Topic: Sound

25. Suppose that you hold a vibrating 340-Hz tuning fork near a guitar string that is vibrating at 350 Hz. What you hear is A. two separate tones of different frequency. B. one tone with a frequency of 345 Hz. C. beats with a frequency of 10 Hz. D. one tone with a frequency of 690 Hz.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #25 Topic: Sound

26. What is the range of normal human hearing? A. 200 to 120,000 Hz B. 20 to 2,000 Hz C. 50 to 10,000 Hz D. 20 to 20,000 Hz

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #26 Topic: Sound

27. Condensation in a longitudinal wave corresponds to what part of a transverse wave? A. crest B. trough C. wavelength D. amplitude

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #27 Topic: Sound

28. Resonance occurs at a (an) A. natural frequency. B. intensity match. C. point of constructive interference. D. point of destructive interference.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.05 Tillery - Chapter 05 #28 Topic: Sound

29. A sound that is perceived as twice as loud requires A. twice the intensity. B. four times the intensity. C. ten times the intensity. D. one-hundred times the intensity.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.05 Tillery - Chapter 05 #29 Topic: Sound

30. You are able to hear sounds from farther away on a cool night because sound waves are refracted toward A. cooler air near the ground. B. warmer air above the ground. C. cooler air above the ground. D. warmer air near the ground.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 5.04 Tillery - Chapter 05 #30 Topic: Sound

ch5 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 5.01 Section: 5.02 Section: 5.03 Section: 5.04 Section: 5.05 Section: 5.06 Tillery - Chapter 05 Topic: Sound Topic: Vibrations Topic: Waves # of Questions 25 5 3 3 1 15 4 4 30 25 3 2