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ch12

ch12

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Organic chemistry is the study of compounds produced by living things. True False

2. The prefix n- before an alkane means a normal, straight-chain hydrocarbon. True False

3. The compounds CH3OCH3 and C2H5OH are isomers. True False

4. Crude oil refineries were originally built to refine petroleum to obtain gasoline. True False

5. Gasoline made primarily of straight-chain hydrocarbons has a low octane rating. True False

6. Alcohols have the carboxyl functional group -COOH. True False

7. Formic acid is the acid that forms in muscle tissue during anaerobic metabolism of carbohydrates, causing soreness and fatigue. True False

8. Esters give flowers and fruits their characteristic odor and taste. True False

9. Proteins are polypeptides formed by the linkage of many amino acids. True False

10. When fats are hydrogenated, liquid oils are produced. True False

11. Hydrocarbons with single carbon-to-carbon bonds are known as A. alkanes. B. alkenes. C. alkynes. D. aromatic hydrocarbons.

12. The R in R-COOH or R-C=O stands for A. a reactive atom. B. a separate functional group. C. any hydrocarbon group. D. a rigid part of the molecule.

13. To which category does the molecule below belong? A. alkanes B. alkenes C. alkynes D. aromatic hydrocarbons

14. Sucrose is an example of a A. monosaccharide. B. disaccharide. C. polysaccharide. D. fruit sugar.

15. An alkane with 3 carbon atoms would have how many hydrogen atoms in the molecule? A. 4 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10

16. Ethylene is A. a gas used to ripen fruit. B. a monomer used in making plastics. C. an unsaturated hydrocarbon. D. All of the above.

17. Organic compounds with two OH groups per molecule are called A. alcohol. B. ethanol. C. glycerin. D. glycol.

18. Compounds with the general structural formula RCOOH are known as A. esters. B. carboxylic acids. C. aldehydes. D. fats.

19. What is the number of bonds between the carbon atoms in C2H2? A. 4 B. 3 C. 2 D. 1

20. Propanol and iso-propanol have A. the same physical and chemical properties. B. the same physical, but different chemical properties. C. different physical, but the same chemical properties. D. different physical and chemical properties.

21. Starch is a polymer formed by the linking of many A. saccharides. B. amino acids. C. triglycerides. D. peptides.

22. What is ethanol converted into when wine "goes bad"? A. CH3COOH B. CH3OCH3 C. CH3CH2OH D. CH3OH

23. Organic compounds responsible for flavors in fruits and the scent of flowers are A. esters. B. ethers. C. alcohols. D. ketones.

24. Sugars, starches, and cellulose belong to the class of A. polymers. B. triglycerides. C. carbohydrates. D. carboxylic acids.

25. The site of a chemical reaction on an organic molecule is usually A. a functional group. B. a multiple bond. C. a lone pair of electrons. D. All of the above.

26. The various components of crude oil are separated in a refinery based on differences in A. density. B. melting point. C. boiling point. D. solubility.

27. Molecules with the general structural formula pictured below belong to the class of A. carboxylic acids. B. unsaturated hydrocarbons. C. ethers. D. None of the above.

28. What would paint thinner, a petroleum distillate, most likely contain? A. C2H4 B. C5H12 C. C17H34 D. C40H82

29. Fats and oils are A. esters of glycerol and fatty acids. B. complex polysaccharides. C. macromolecules. D. formed when carboxylic acids are oxidized.

30. Cooking oils from plants like soybeans are hydrogenated in order to A. make them unsaturated. B. give them a better taste. C. turn them into shortening. D. reduce their cholesterol content.

ch12 Key

1. Organic chemistry is the study of compounds produced by living things. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.01 Tillery - Chapter 12 #1 Topic: Covalent Bonding

2. The prefix n- before an alkane means a normal, straight-chain hydrocarbon. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #2 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

3. The compounds CH3OCH3 and C2H5OH are isomers. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #3 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

4. Crude oil refineries were originally built to refine petroleum to obtain gasoline. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.03 Tillery - Chapter 12 #4 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

5. Gasoline made primarily of straight-chain hydrocarbons has a low octane rating. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.03 Tillery - Chapter 12 #5 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

6. Alcohols have the carboxyl functional group -COOH. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #6 Topic: Alcohols

7. Formic acid is the acid that forms in muscle tissue during anaerobic metabolism of carbohydrates, causing soreness and fatigue. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #7 Topic: Carboxylic Acids

8. Esters give flowers and fruits their characteristic odor and taste. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #8 Topic: Ester Enolates

9. Proteins are polypeptides formed by the linkage of many amino acids. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #9 Topic: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes

10. When fats are hydrogenated, liquid oils are produced. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #10 Topic: Lipids

11. Hydrocarbons with single carbon-to-carbon bonds are known as A. alkanes. B. alkenes. C. alkynes. D. aromatic hydrocarbons.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #11 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

12. The R in R-COOH or R-C=O stands for A. a reactive atom. B. a separate functional group. C. any hydrocarbon group. D. a rigid part of the molecule.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #12 Topic: Covalent Bonding

13. To which category does the molecule below belong? A. alkanes B. alkenes C. alkynes D. aromatic hydrocarbons

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #13 Topic: Alkenes

14. Sucrose is an example of a A. monosaccharide. B. disaccharide. C. polysaccharide. D. fruit sugar.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #14 Topic: Carbohydrates

15. An alkane with 3 carbon atoms would have how many hydrogen atoms in the molecule? A. 4 B. 6 C. 8 D. 10

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #15 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

16. Ethylene is A. a gas used to ripen fruit. B. a monomer used in making plastics. C. an unsaturated hydrocarbon. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #16 Topic: Alkenes

17. Organic compounds with two OH groups per molecule are called A. alcohol. B. ethanol. C. glycerin. D. glycol.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #17 Topic: Alcohols, Diols, and Thiols

18. Compounds with the general structural formula RCOOH are known as A. esters. B. carboxylic acids. C. aldehydes. D. fats.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #18 Topic: Carboxylic Acids

19. What is the number of bonds between the carbon atoms in C2H2? A. 4 B. 3 C. 2 D. 1

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.02 Tillery - Chapter 12 #19 Topic: Covalent Bonding

20. Propanol and iso-propanol have A. the same physical and chemical properties. B. the same physical, but different chemical properties. C. different physical, but the same chemical properties. D. different physical and chemical properties.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #20 Topic: Alcohols

21. Starch is a polymer formed by the linking of many A. saccharides. B. amino acids. C. triglycerides. D. peptides.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #21 Topic: Carbohydrates

22. What is ethanol converted into when wine "goes bad"? A. CH3COOH B. CH3OCH3 C. CH3CH2OH D. CH3OH

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #22 Topic: Alcohols

23. Organic compounds responsible for flavors in fruits and the scent of flowers are A. esters. B. ethers. C. alcohols. D. ketones.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #23 Topic: Ester Enolates

24. Sugars, starches, and cellulose belong to the class of A. polymers. B. triglycerides. C. carbohydrates. D. carboxylic acids.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #24 Topic: Carbohydrates

25. The site of a chemical reaction on an organic molecule is usually A. a functional group. B. a multiple bond. C. a lone pair of electrons. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #25 Topic: Covalent Bonding

26. The various components of crude oil are separated in a refinery based on differences in A. density. B. melting point. C. boiling point. D. solubility.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 12.03 Tillery - Chapter 12 #26 Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

27. Molecules with the general structural formula pictured below belong to the class of A. carboxylic acids. B. unsaturated hydrocarbons. C. ethers. D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #27 Topic: Alcohols

28. What would paint thinner, a petroleum distillate, most likely contain? A. C2H4 B. C5H12 C. C17H34 D. C40H82

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.04 Tillery - Chapter 12 #28 Topic: Aromatic Compounds

29. Fats and oils are A. esters of glycerol and fatty acids. B. complex polysaccharides. C. macromolecules. D. formed when carboxylic acids are oxidized.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #29 Topic: Lipids

30. Cooking oils from plants like soybeans are hydrogenated in order to A. make them unsaturated. B. give them a better taste. C. turn them into shortening. D. reduce their cholesterol content.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 #30 Topic: Lipids

ch12 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 12.01 Section: 12.02 Section: 12.03 Section: 12.04 Section: 12.05 Tillery - Chapter 12 Topic: Alcohols Topic: Alcohols, Diols, and Thiols Topic: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes Topic: Alkenes Topic: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes Topic: Aromatic Compounds Topic: Carbohydrates Topic: Carboxylic Acids Topic: Covalent Bonding Topic: Ester Enolates Topic: Lipids # of Questions 10 12 8 1 8 3 10 8 30 4 1 7 2 1 1 3 2 4 2 3