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ch16

ch16

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. The average temperature of Earth is slightly lower in January because then Earth is at its greatest distance from the Sun. True False

2. On the Summer Solstice, the Sun rises south of due east, and sets south of due west. True False

3. The axis of Earth's rotation will not always point toward Polaris due to precession. True False

4. Latitude is a measure of how far north or south one is from the equator. True False

5. As viewed from space above the North Pole, Earth rotates clockwise. True False

6. The position of a spot on the floor made by a sunbeam traces out a "figure eight" pattern over the course of a year. True False

7. A person traveling westward across the International Date Line gains a day. True False

8. The Julian calendar adjusted for the fact that Earth's year was not exactly 365 days by adding a day every fourth year. True False

9. The findings from the Apollo space missions to the Moon support the idea that the Moon formed from the impact of Earth with a very large object. True False

10. The average time between two high tides roughly equals the time for a given spot on Earth to rotate so that it is directly under the full Moon. True False

11. During which month of the year does Earth receive the greatest average energy from the Sun? A. January B. March C. June D. September

12. How frequently does the Sun appear directly overhead in Mexico City ( 20 N latitude)? A. daily B. once a year C. twice a year D. four times a year

13. The slow wobble of Earth's axis is called A. Coriolis. B. solstice. C. perigee. D. precession.

14. The fact that there are seasons on Earth is largely due to A. the tilt of Earth's axis. B. the changing distance of Earth from the Sun during its orbit. C. the precession of Earth's axis of rotation. D. the Coriolis effect.

15. An apparent solar day is A. the interval between two consecutive solar noons. B. slightly longer than a sidereal day. C. rarely exactly 24 hours long. D. All of the above.

16. The ancient Greeks believed that the shape of Earth was A. flat. B. a perfect sphere. C. an oblate spheroid. D. an irregular lump.

17. Evidence that Earth is rotating is provided by A. the motion of a pendulum. B. seasonal climactic changes. C. the varying solar day. D. the movement of the constellations.

18. If your favorite constellation rose at 8:00 PM one night, when would it rise two weeks later? A. at 8:00 PM B. around 7:00 PM C. around 9:00 PM D. it depends on the constellation

19. North of the Tropic of Cancer, the Sun appears directly overhead at noon A. never. B. daily. C. twice a year, at the equinoxes. D. twice a year, at the solstices.

20. South of the Antarctic Circle, the Sun appears A. directly overhead only once a year. B. directly overhead twice yearly. C. above the horizon all day at least once during December. D. above the horizon all day at least once during June.

21. In the time 9:00 AM, the "AM" means A. after morning. B. after the meridian. C. astronomical motion. D. before the meridian.

22. The path of a plane flying due north from a spot on the equator would appear to A. continue due north. B. curve to the east. C. curve to the west. D. form an S-shaped curve.

23. We always see the same side of the Moon because A. the Moon doesn't rotate. B. the Moon's periods of rotation and revolution are the same. C. the Moon's orbit is circular. D. the period of rotation of both Earth and the Moon is the same.

24. During which phase of the Moon would we most likely see a solar eclipse? A. full B. first quarter C. last quarter D. new

25. If you were flying east on a jet across three times zones and your watch read 12:00 noon when you landed, you should A. set it to 9:00 AM. B. set it to 3:00 PM. C. set it 6:00 PM. D. leave it at 12:00 for that is when the Sun crosses the celestial meridian.

26. A person standing where the Moon's penumbra touches Earth will see A. a total solar eclipse. B. an annular eclipse. C. a partial solar eclipse. D. a total lunar eclipse.

27. A lunar eclipse can only occur during which phase of the Moon? A. full B. 1st quarter C. last quarter D. new

28. Evidence from the Apollo missions indicate that the Moon originated A. from a large mass being torn from where the Pacific Ocean is today. B. from the impact of Earth with a planet-sized object. C. from the capture of a planet-sized object that formed the Moon. D. at the same time that Earth was formed.

29. Neap tides result when the Moon is A. aligned with the Sun and Earth. B. full. C. new. D. in a quarter phase.

30. For the last 3 billion years the surface of the Moon has been A. undergoing cratering from intense meteorite bombardment. B. experiencing widespread lava flows from the interior. C. experiencing both heavy cratering and widespread lava flows. D. relatively quiet.

ch16 Key

1. The average temperature of Earth is slightly lower in January because then Earth is at its greatest distance from the Sun. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #1 Topic: Earth

2. On the Summer Solstice, the Sun rises south of due east, and sets south of due west. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #2 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

3. The axis of Earth's rotation will not always point toward Polaris due to precession. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #3 Topic: Earth

4. Latitude is a measure of how far north or south one is from the equator. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #4 Topic: Earth

5. As viewed from space above the North Pole, Earth rotates clockwise. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #5 Topic: Earth

6. The position of a spot on the floor made by a sunbeam traces out a "figure eight" pattern over the course of a year. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #6 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

7. A person traveling westward across the International Date Line gains a day. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #7 Topic: Earth

8. The Julian calendar adjusted for the fact that Earth's year was not exactly 365 days by adding a day every fourth year. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #8 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

9. The findings from the Apollo space missions to the Moon support the idea that the Moon formed from the impact of Earth with a very large object. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.04 Tillery - Chapter 16 #9 Topic: The Moon

10. The average time between two high tides roughly equals the time for a given spot on Earth to rotate so that it is directly under the full Moon. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 #10 Topic: Earth

11. During which month of the year does Earth receive the greatest average energy from the Sun? A. January B. March C. June D. September

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #11 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

12. How frequently does the Sun appear directly overhead in Mexico City ( 20 N latitude)? A. daily B. once a year C. twice a year D. four times a year

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #12 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

13. The slow wobble of Earth's axis is called A. Coriolis. B. solstice. C. perigee. D. precession.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #13 Topic: Earth

14. The fact that there are seasons on Earth is largely due to A. the tilt of Earth's axis. B. the changing distance of Earth from the Sun during its orbit. C. the precession of Earth's axis of rotation. D. the Coriolis effect.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #14 Topic: Earth

15. An apparent solar day is A. the interval between two consecutive solar noons. B. slightly longer than a sidereal day. C. rarely exactly 24 hours long. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #15 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

16. The ancient Greeks believed that the shape of Earth was A. flat. B. a perfect sphere. C. an oblate spheroid. D. an irregular lump.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.01 Tillery - Chapter 16 #16 Topic: Earth

17. Evidence that Earth is rotating is provided by A. the motion of a pendulum. B. seasonal climactic changes. C. the varying solar day. D. the movement of the constellations.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #17 Topic: Earth

18. If your favorite constellation rose at 8:00 PM one night, when would it rise two weeks later? A. at 8:00 PM B. around 7:00 PM C. around 9:00 PM D. it depends on the constellation

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #18 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

19. North of the Tropic of Cancer, the Sun appears directly overhead at noon A. never. B. daily. C. twice a year, at the equinoxes. D. twice a year, at the solstices.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #19 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

20. South of the Antarctic Circle, the Sun appears A. directly overhead only once a year. B. directly overhead twice yearly. C. above the horizon all day at least once during December. D. above the horizon all day at least once during June.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #20 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

21. In the time 9:00 AM, the "AM" means A. after morning. B. after the meridian. C. astronomical motion. D. before the meridian.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #21 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

22. The path of a plane flying due north from a spot on the equator would appear to A. continue due north. B. curve to the east. C. curve to the west. D. form an S-shaped curve.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 16.02 Tillery - Chapter 16 #22 Topic: Earth

23. We always see the same side of the Moon because A. the Moon doesn't rotate. B. the Moon's periods of rotation and revolution are the same. C. the Moon's orbit is circular. D. the period of rotation of both Earth and the Moon is the same.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 #23 Topic: The Moon

24. During which phase of the Moon would we most likely see a solar eclipse? A. full B. first quarter C. last quarter D. new

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 #24 Topic: The Moon

25. If you were flying east on a jet across three times zones and your watch read 12:00 noon when you landed, you should A. set it to 9:00 AM. B. set it to 3:00 PM. C. set it 6:00 PM. D. leave it at 12:00 for that is when the Sun crosses the celestial meridian.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.03 Tillery - Chapter 16 #25 Topic: Earth

26. A person standing where the Moon's penumbra touches Earth will see A. a total solar eclipse. B. an annular eclipse. C. a partial solar eclipse. D. a total lunar eclipse.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 #26 Topic: The Moon

27. A lunar eclipse can only occur during which phase of the Moon? A. full B. 1st quarter C. last quarter D. new

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 #27 Topic: Cycles of the Sky

28. Evidence from the Apollo missions indicate that the Moon originated A. from a large mass being torn from where the Pacific Ocean is today. B. from the impact of Earth with a planet-sized object. C. from the capture of a planet-sized object that formed the Moon. D. at the same time that Earth was formed.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 16.04 Tillery - Chapter 16 #28 Topic: The Moon

29. Neap tides result when the Moon is A. aligned with the Sun and Earth. B. full. C. new. D. in a quarter phase.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 #29 Topic: The Moon

30. For the last 3 billion years the surface of the Moon has been A. undergoing cratering from intense meteorite bombardment. B. experiencing widespread lava flows from the interior. C. experiencing both heavy cratering and widespread lava flows. D. relatively quiet.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.04 Tillery - Chapter 16 #30 Topic: The Moon

ch16 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 16.01 Section: 16.02 Section: 16.03 Section: 16.04 Section: 16.05 Tillery - Chapter 16 Topic: Cycles of the Sky Topic: Earth Topic: The Moon # of Questions 8 7 15 1 11 9 3 6 30 11 12 7