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ch17

ch17

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Silicate minerals make up nearly a quarter of the minerals in Earth's crust. True False

2. Molten rock material from which minerals can crystallize is called magma. True False

3. Sedimentary rocks were formed from particles or dissolved materials from older rocks. True False

4. Basalt and granite are examples of metamorphic rocks. True False

5. Fine-grained igneous rocks formed as magma cooled slowly. True False

6. Very rapid cooling of magma produces glass rather than a mineral. True False

7. Granite and basalt are different because of their rate of cooling when they formed. True False

8. Sandstone is sand that has been consolidated into a solid mass. True False

9. The rock named schist has more foliation than the rock named slate. True False

10. Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks have undergone little change since Earth formed. True False

11. The most common rock type in Earth's crust is A. igneous. B. sedimentary. C. metamorphic. D. clastic.

12. Which of the following is not an example of a silicate mineral? A. quartz B. hornblende C. limestone D. feldspar

13. The elements that occur most frequently in minerals found in the crust are A. carbon and oxygen. B. oxygen and iron. C. magnesium and iron. D. silicon and oxygen.

14. Most rocks are composed of minerals that are A. carbonaceous. B. metamorphic. C. silicates. D. igneous.

15. Weathered sediments are pressed and cemented to form A. sedimentary rocks. B. metamorphic rocks. C. igneous rocks. D. ferromagnesians.

16. The various sedimentary rocks such as conglomerate and sandstone are identified by A. mineral composition. B. hardness. C. degree of compaction. D. particle size.

17. The most abundant elements in Earth's crust are A. nitrogen and oxygen. B. iron and aluminum. C. silicon and oxygen. D. aluminum and silicon.

18. About how many minerals are common in Earth's crust? A. 10 B. 20 C. 100 D. 2,000

19. Which of the following does not belong with the others? A. quartz B. feldspar C. hornblende D. white mica

20. Which of the following minerals is most easily scratched? A. diamond B. quartz C. orthoclase D. calcite

21. According to Bowen's reaction series, which mineral crystallizes at the lowest temperature? A. olivine B. quartz C. biotite D. feldspar

22. Igneous rocks that formed by cooling slowly from a molten magma will have A. fine grains. B. no grains. C. coarse grains. D. a glassy texture.

23. It is believed that at one time all rocks of Earth were A. igneous. B. clastic sedimentary. C. chemical sedimentary. D. metamorphic.

24. An igneous rock with the same chemical composition as granite, but with a different grain texture is A. basalt. B. rhyolite. C. gabbro. D. andesite.

25. Which of the following sedimentary rocks is not classified by the size of clastic sediment that formed the rock? A. sandstone B. shale C. conglomerate D. limestone

26. Which of the following does not belong with the others? A. marble B. quartzite C. gypsum D. schist

27. The formation of which of the following rocks helps remove CO2 from the atmosphere? A. granite B. limestone C. sandstone D. schist

28. The rock cycle is a concept that predicts which of the following will undergo ongoing, constant change? A. igneous B. sedimentary C. metamorphic D. All of the above.

29. Which one of the following metamorphic rocks is different from the others? A. quartzite B. slate C. schist D. gneiss

30. Which igneous rock has the same chemical composition as basalt, but a different grain size? A. granite B. rhyolite C. gabbro D. diorite

ch17 Key

1. Silicate minerals make up nearly a quarter of the minerals in Earth's crust. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 17.02 Tillery - Chapter 17 #1 Topic: Earth Materials

2. Molten rock material from which minerals can crystallize is called magma. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 17.03 Tillery - Chapter 17 #2 Topic: Earth Materials

3. Sedimentary rocks were formed from particles or dissolved materials from older rocks. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #3 Topic: Earth Materials

4. Basalt and granite are examples of metamorphic rocks. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #4 Topic: Earth Materials

5. Fine-grained igneous rocks formed as magma cooled slowly. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #5 Topic: Earth Materials

6. Very rapid cooling of magma produces glass rather than a mineral. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.03 Tillery - Chapter 17 #6 Topic: Earth Materials

7. Granite and basalt are different because of their rate of cooling when they formed. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #7 Topic: Earth Materials

8. Sandstone is sand that has been consolidated into a solid mass. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #8 Topic: Earth Materials

9. The rock named schist has more foliation than the rock named slate. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #9 Topic: Earth Materials

10. Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks have undergone little change since Earth formed. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.05 Tillery - Chapter 17 #10 Topic: Earth Materials

11. The most common rock type in Earth's crust is A. igneous. B. sedimentary. C. metamorphic. D. clastic.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #11 Topic: Earth Materials

12. Which of the following is not an example of a silicate mineral? A. quartz B. hornblende C. limestone D. feldspar

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.01 Tillery - Chapter 17 #12 Topic: Earth Materials

13. The elements that occur most frequently in minerals found in the crust are A. carbon and oxygen. B. oxygen and iron. C. magnesium and iron. D. silicon and oxygen.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.01 Tillery - Chapter 17 #13 Topic: Earth Materials

14. Most rocks are composed of minerals that are A. carbonaceous. B. metamorphic. C. silicates. D. igneous.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #14 Topic: Earth Materials

15. Weathered sediments are pressed and cemented to form A. sedimentary rocks. B. metamorphic rocks. C. igneous rocks. D. ferromagnesians.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #15 Topic: Earth Materials

16. The various sedimentary rocks such as conglomerate and sandstone are identified by A. mineral composition. B. hardness. C. degree of compaction. D. particle size.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #16 Topic: Earth Materials

17. The most abundant elements in Earth's crust are A. nitrogen and oxygen. B. iron and aluminum. C. silicon and oxygen. D. aluminum and silicon.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.01 Tillery - Chapter 17 #17 Topic: Earth Materials

18. About how many minerals are common in Earth's crust? A. 10 B. 20 C. 100 D. 2,000

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.02 Tillery - Chapter 17 #18 Topic: Earth Materials

19. Which of the following does not belong with the others? A. quartz B. feldspar C. hornblende D. white mica

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #19 Topic: Earth Materials

20. Which of the following minerals is most easily scratched? A. diamond B. quartz C. orthoclase D. calcite

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.02 Tillery - Chapter 17 #20 Topic: Earth Materials

21. According to Bowen's reaction series, which mineral crystallizes at the lowest temperature? A. olivine B. quartz C. biotite D. feldspar

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.03 Tillery - Chapter 17 #21 Topic: Earth Materials

22. Igneous rocks that formed by cooling slowly from a molten magma will have A. fine grains. B. no grains. C. coarse grains. D. a glassy texture.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #22 Topic: Earth Materials

23. It is believed that at one time all rocks of Earth were A. igneous. B. clastic sedimentary. C. chemical sedimentary. D. metamorphic.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #23 Topic: Earth Materials

24. An igneous rock with the same chemical composition as granite, but with a different grain texture is A. basalt. B. rhyolite. C. gabbro. D. andesite.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #24 Topic: Earth Materials

25. Which of the following sedimentary rocks is not classified by the size of clastic sediment that formed the rock? A. sandstone B. shale C. conglomerate D. limestone

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #25 Topic: Earth Materials

26. Which of the following does not belong with the others? A. marble B. quartzite C. gypsum D. schist

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #26 Topic: Earth Materials

27. The formation of which of the following rocks helps remove CO2 from the atmosphere? A. granite B. limestone C. sandstone D. schist

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #27 Topic: Earth Materials

28. The rock cycle is a concept that predicts which of the following will undergo ongoing, constant change? A. igneous B. sedimentary C. metamorphic D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 17.05 Tillery - Chapter 17 #28 Topic: Earth Materials

29. Which one of the following metamorphic rocks is different from the others? A. quartzite B. slate C. schist D. gneiss

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #29 Topic: Earth Materials

30. Which igneous rock has the same chemical composition as basalt, but a different grain size? A. granite B. rhyolite C. gabbro D. diorite

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.04 Tillery - Chapter 17 #30 Topic: Earth Materials

ch17 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 17.01 Section: 17.02 Section: 17.03 Section: 17.04 Section: 17.05 Tillery - Chapter 17 Topic: Earth Materials # of Questions 5 16 9 3 3 3 19 2 30 30