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Discovering Computers 2010

Living in a Digital World

ObjectivesOverview Objectives Overview


Describethecharacteristicsof aninternalharddiskincluding capacity,platters,read/write capacity platters read/write heads,cylinders,sectorsand tracks,revolutionsperminute, transferrate,andaccesstime transfer rate and access time

Differentiatebetweenstorage Differentiate between storage devicesandstoragemedia

Discussthepurposeofnetwork attachedstoragedevices, g externalandremovablehard disks,andharddiskcontrollers

Describethevarioustypesof yp flashmemorystorage

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ObjectivesOverview Objectives Overview


Describecloudstorage andexplainits d l i i advantages Describethe characteristicsofoptical h i i f i l discs

Differentiateamong varioustypesofoptical discs:CDs,archivediscs discs: CDs archive discs andPictureCDs,DVDs, andBlurayDiscs y


SeePage351 forDetailedObjectives

Identifytheusesoftape, magneticstripecards, smartcards,microfilm smart cards microfilm andmicrofiche,and enterprisestorage p g


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Storage Storageholdsdata,instructions,and Storage holds data, instructions, and informationforfutureuse Astoragemedium isthephysical materialonwhichacomputerkeeps material on which a computer keeps data,instructions,andinformation
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Storage

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Storage
Capacity isthenumberofbytesastoragemedium canhold

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Storage
Astoragedevice isthecomputerhardwarethat recordsand/orretrievesitemstoandfrom storagemedia
g p Reading istheprocess oftransferringitems fromastoragemedium into memory intomemory Writing istheprocessof transferringitemsfrom f f memorytoastorage medium
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Storage
Accesstime measures:
Theamountoftimeit takesastoragedeviceto locateanitemona storagemedium storage medium Thetimerequiredto deliveranitemfrom deliver an item from memorytothe processor

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Aharddisk containsoneormoreinflexible,circularplatters thatusemagneticparticlestostoredata,instructions,and information i f ti

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Harddiskscan g storedatausing longitudinal recordingor recording or perpendicular recording

Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Perpendicular Recording below Chapter 7

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Characteristicsofaharddisk include:
Capacity Platters Read/Write Heads Revolutions Revolutions perMinute

Cylinders

Sectors and Sectorsand Tracks

Transfer Rate
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AccessTime

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Formatting istheprocessofdividingthediskintotracks andsectorssothattheoperatingsystemcanstoreand locatedataandinformationonthedisk

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HardDisks Hard Disks

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Theharddiskarms movetheread/write head,whichreadsitems andwritesitemsinthe drive
Locationoftenis referredtobyits cylinder

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Aheadcrashoccurswhenaread/writehead p touchesthesurfaceofaplatter Alwayskeepabackup ofyourharddisk

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HardDisks Hard Disks

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HardDisks Hard Disks


RAID (redundantarrayofindependentdisks)isa g p groupoftwoormoreintegratedharddisks g Anetworkattachedstorage (NAS)deviceisa serverconnectedtoanetworkwiththesole server connected to a network with the sole purposeofprovidingstorage

Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Network Attached Storage below Chapter 7

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HardDisks Hard Disks


Anexternalharddiskisaseparatefree standingharddiskthatconnectstoyour computerwithacableorwirelessly Aremovableharddisk isaharddiskthat youinsertandremovefromadrive y Internalandexternalharddisksareavailable inminiaturesizes(miniatureharddisks)
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HardDisks Hard Disks


Adiskcontrollerconsistsofaspecialpurposechipand electroniccircuitsthatcontrolthetransferofdata, instructions,andinformationfromadisktoandfromthe systembusandothercomponentsofthecomputer

SATA
Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Network Attached Storage below Chapter 7

EIDE SAS
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SCSI
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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage


Flashmemorychipsareatypeofsolidstate gp mediaandcontainnomovingparts Solidstatedrives(SSDs)haveseveraladvantages overmagneticharddisks: over magnetic hard disks:

Fasteraccesstime

Fastertransferrates

Generatelessheatand consumelesspower consume less power

Lastlonger

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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage

Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Solid State Drives below Chapter 7

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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage


Amemorycard isaremovableflashmemory y devicethatyouinsertandremovefromaslotina computer,mobiledevice,orcardreader/writer
CompactFlash (CF) ( ) SecureDigital (SD) ( ) SecureDigital HighCapacity (SDHC) microSD

microSDHC

xD Picture Card

MemoryStick

MemoryStick Micro(M2)
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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage

Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click SDHC Cards below Chapter 7 Pages364 365 Figures718 719

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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage

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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage


USBflashdrives plugintoaUSBportona p computerormobiledevice

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Video:ThumbDrive(USBFlash Drive)Encryption i ) i

CLICKTOSTART CLICK TO START


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FlashMemoryStorage Flash Memory Storage


AnExpressCardmodule isaremovabledevice thatfitsinan ExpressCardslot Developedbythe PCMCIA Commonlyusedin notebookcomputers p

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CloudStorage Cloud Storage


CloudstorageisanInternetservicethatprovides g p storagetocomputerusers

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CloudStorage Cloud Storage

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CloudStorage Cloud Storage


Userssubscribetocloudstorageforavarietyof reasons:
Accessfilesfromanycomputer Storelargefilesinstantaneously g y Allowotherstoaccesstheirfiles Viewtimecriticaldataandimagesimmediately Storeoffsitebackups Store offsite backups
Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Cloud Storage below Chapter 7

Providedatacenterfunctions
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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs


Anopticaldiscconsistsofaflat,round,portable p q discmadeofmetal,plastic,andlacquerthatis writtenandreadbyalaser Typically store software data digital photos Typicallystoresoftware,data,digitalphotos, movies,andmusic Readonlyvs.rewritable

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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs

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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs


Opticaldiscscommonly storeitemsinasingle trackthatspiralsfrom thecenterofthediscto theedge Trackisdividedinto evenlysizedsectors

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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs


Careofopticaldiscs

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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs


ACDROM canbereadfrombutnotwrittento
ReadfromaCDROMdrive orCDROMplayer

ACDR isamultisessionopticaldisconwhich userscanwrite,butnoterase ACD RW isanerasablemultisessiondisc A CDRW is an erasable multisession disc


MusthaveaCDRWdrive

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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs


Archivedisc Storesphotosfroman onlinephotocenter Resolutionusuallyis 7200pixelsperphoto Costisdeterminedby thenumberofphotos beingstored PictureCD SinglesessionCDROM thatstoresdigital versionsoffilm Typicallyusesa1024x 1536resolution Manyphotocenters offerPictureCD ff services
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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs

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OpticalDiscs Optical Discs


ADVDROM isahighcapacityopticaldisc onwhichuserscanreadbutnotwriteor erase
RequiresaDVDROMdrive

ABlurayDiscROM(BDROM)hasa storagecapacityof100GB

Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Blu-ray below Chapter 7

DVDRW,DVD+RW,andDVD+RAM are highcapacityrewritableDVDformats


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OtherTypesofStorage Other Types of Storage

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OtherTypesofStorage Other Types of Storage


Tape isamagneticallycoatedribbonofplasticcapableof storinglargeamountsofdataandinformation Atapedrive readsandwritesdataandinformationona tape

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OtherTypesofStorage Other Types of Storage


Amagneticstripecard containsamagnetic stripethatstores information Asmartcard stores dataonathin microprocessor embeddedinthecard
Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Smart Cards below Chapter 7

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OtherTypesofStorage Other Types of Storage


Microfilm andmicrofiche storemicroscopic g imagesofdocumentsonarollorsheetflim

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OtherTypesofStorage Other Types of Storage

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OtherTypesofStorage Other Types of Storage


Enterprisestoragestoreshugevolumesofdata g andinformationforlargebusinesses
Usesspecialhardwareforheavyuse,maximum availability,andmaximumefficiency availability, and maximum efficiency

Click to view Web Link, click Chapter 7, Click Web Link from left navigation navigation, then click Enterprise Storage below Chapter 7

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PuttingItAllTogether Putting It All Together

Homeuser 320GBharddisk Cloudstorage Opticaldiscdrive Cardreader/writer / USBflashdrive

SmallOffice/HomeOffice user 1TBharddisk Cloudstorage Opticaldiscdrive Externalharddiskfor backup USBflashdrive

Mobile 250GBharddisk Cloudstorage Opticaldiscdrive Cardreader/writer / Portableharddiskfor backup USBflashdrive

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PuttingItAllTogether Putting It All Together

PowerUser 2.5TBharddisk Cloudstorage Opticaldiscdrive Portableharddiskfor Portable hard disk for backup USBflashdrive

EnterpriseUser (desktopcomputer) 1TBharddisk Opticaldiscdrive Smartcardreader Tapedrive USBflashdrive

EnterpriseUser (serverormainframe) Networkstorageserver 40TBharddisksystem Opticaldiscserver p Microfilmormicrofiche

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Summary

Variousstoragemediaand storagedevices

Internalharddisks,externaland removableharddisks,solidstate drives,memorycards,USBflash drives,ExpressCard modules, cloud storage CDs DVDs and cloudstorage,CDs,DVDs,and BluerayDiscs,tape,smartcards, andmicrofilmandmicrofiche

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Discovering Computers 2010


Living in a Digital World

Chapter7Complete