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LUN Creation: 1. Create a Raid Group (if not existing) 2.

Bind LUN

Creating a Raid Group: 1. Select the number of disks to be bound in a single Raid Group. 2. Select the Raid group Id 3. Select the disks to be bound in the RG by either manual (or) automatic selection.

Binding a LUN: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Select the Raid type (ie Raid 0, 1, 1/0, 3, 5) Select the Raid Group from which the space has to be ataken. Select the LUN Id, Rebuld Priority, Verify Priority Select the Default owner of the LUN ( SPA/SPB (or) Automatic) Select the LUN size (ie in MB/GB/TB)

What is need for SAN & NAS? Where do we use SAN & where do we use NAS? 1. What are the types of RAID supported in Clariion? Ans : 0,1,1/0,3,5 3. What are the steps involved in creating a LUN Ans: 1.Create a RG, 2.Bind a LUN

4. What are the parameters that need to be defined while creating a RG? 5. What is binding a LUN and what are the parameters that are defined while Binding a LUN?
6. What is zoning? Need for zoning? Types (Soft & Hard)? Pros / Cons of zoning? 7. Which zoning can be implemented in a real time environment? 8. What are the components of a Soft Zone?

Ans: HBA WWN of host, Switch WWN, Storage Device WWN

9. What are the functionalities of SP in a clarion? 10. What is LUN masking? 11. How is LUN masking implemented in Clariion?
Ans: Accesslogix 12. What if the default owner of a LUN? Ans: Theres no specified owner. It can either be SPA or SPB which is decided by the FLARE OS when the LUN owner is chosen as automatic. If the owner is chosen manually we can define it explicitly 13. How does the LUN trespass occur? Ans: LUN trespass should happen automatically. However, we can trespass manually when automatic trespass doesnt happen. 14. Why is mirrorview used in clariion ? Ans: For remote data replicationeg:DR scenario 15. How is the LUN made visible to the host? Ans: By adding the host & LUN to the SG

16. What are the components while defining the schedule ie Start time, no of schedules to run,
type of backup ( incr, full etc).

Questions... 1. Backups -- storage back up ...what all you know about back up ? 2. What are the main types of back up you have in storage ? 3.RAIDS.... 4. What are raids, types of raids. What are the differences between raid 0 and raid 5 . 5.What are the differences between raid 3 and raid 5 .

6. What are LUNS and metaLUNS... 7. How LUNS are created. 8. How can you monitor an clariion array. 9. How can SP collects help to monitor clariion. 10. How to run SP collects ? Commands . 11. Mirrorview/ Snapviews. Differences. 12. What are Clones. 13. Powerpaths - What is the role as a Failover software ? 14. When you power up the storage system, each SP boots and executes FLARE software. What are the steps involved ..? ANSWER : a) FLARE performs provisioning and resource allocation b) Memory budgets for caching and for snap sessions, mirrors, clones, copies c) Process Scheduling d) Boot Management 15 ) What is Access Logix software ? 16 ) What is LUN masking ? 17) Types of switches used ? 18) Difference between switches and directors ? 19) What are file systems . 20) What are difference between SAN, NAS, CAS ? What do you know. Explain .. 21) What SCSI. Explain.

Lun concatenation ? Switches all topics in and out? differnece b/w Lun masking and Zoning ? Raid 5 being universal, but why dont we use raid 6 ? Difference SAN and NAS ?

Connectrix Family Complete ? What are the different tyrpes of SAN protocols ? SCSI types ?- SCSI 1 ultra scsi wide scsi ? Frequency of Wide SCSI ? When SAN is there why do we need to go for Switch technology ? What is Matrix Raid? Port configuration come under which Zoning ? (Mixed Zoning Hard and Soft) What are different steps in if we need assign Luns to the Host ? Host unable to access the data, what all the steps that a end user should perform to make it possible ? what is Buffer to Buffer credit in FC ? Difference betwenn ATA and Fiber channel ? Give the frequncy clock speed rate how the data transfers comparing ATA? what is latest data transfer spped and Version of Brocade and MDS series ? What is a difference between Channel director and Disk director in symm ? where does rule 17 play a vital role ? 1. What is SCSI ? What is SASI
2. What are the advantages of SCSI compared to ATA or IDE ? 3. Explain SCSI ID usage & its usage in narrow SCSI ? 4. Give SCSI Evolution ( Mention different types of SCSI ) 5. What is CDB ? 6. What are different SCSI command phases ? 7. Mention device types in SCSI-3 ? 8. What is the difference between LVD & HVD ? 8. What is the difference between SE & Differential (HVD) SCSI ? 9. What is a LUN ? 10.Mention differences between SCS-1,2 and 3 ? 11. What is a terminator ? 12.What are the differences between synchronous & asynchronous SCSI ? 13.What is the default ID of SCSI HBA ? 14.How you will install device drivers for HBA during OS installation ? 15.What is parallel SCSI daisy chaining ? 16.Explain arbitration & Selection process ? 17. What are the maximum no. of devices supported in SCS-1,2 and 3 ? 18. What is the maximum length of cable supported in SCS-1,2 and 3 ? 19. What is the difference between a SCSI HBA & SCSI RAID Controller card ? 20. What is the Disk speed of different SCSI drives ? 1. What is FC ? 2. What are the advantages of FC ? 3. Mention the differences between FC & SCSI ? 4. Explain the layers in FC Protocol ? 5. What are the functions of layer2 and layer3 in FC ? 6. What are different FC topologies ? 7. What is the difference between point to point & Switched in FC ? 8. Explain FC-AL ? 9. Explain the process of initialization in FC ? 10.Explain these terms : LIFA,LIPA,LIHA,LISA 11.What is a Fabric and what are its components ? 12.What are the different FC ports ? 13.Explain different types of flow controls ? 14.What is the difference between buffer to buffer and End to End flow

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control ? 15.What are the different classes of Services and explain them ? 16.Explain addressing in FC ? 17.Explain FC login process ? 18.What is transmission character and transmission word ? 19.What is a frame, sequence and exchange ? 20.Explain FC frame composition ? 21.Why do we need login in FC ? 22.How many connections are possible in FC ? 23.What are the maximum devices supported in each topologies of FC ? 24.What is the difference between FC & iSCSI ? 25.Mention the FC Controller card manufacturers you know ? 1) What is the difference between RAID 0, RAID 1 and RAID 5? RAID 0 => Plain striping typically with 24kb, 54kb or 128kb stripe size RAID 1 => Mirroring RAID 5 => Stripping with parity 2) Describe in brief the composition of FC Frame? Start of the Frame locator Frame header (includes destination id and source id, 24 bytes/6 words) Data Payload (encapsulate SCSI instruction can be 0-2112 bytes in length) CRC (error checking, 4 bytes) End of Frame (1 byte) 3) What is storage virtualization? Storage virtualization is amalgamation of multiple n/w storage devices into single storage unit. 4) What are the protocols used in physical/datalink and network layer of SAN? a) Ethernet b) SCSI c) Fibre Channel 5) What are the types of disk array used in SAN? a) JBOD b) RAID 6) What are different types of protocols used in transportation and session layers of SAN? a) Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP) b) Internet SCSI (iSCSI) c) Fibre Channel IP (FCIP) 7) What is the type of Encoding used in Fibre Channel? 8b/10b, as the encoding technique is able to detect all most all the bit errors 8) How many classes of service are available in Fibre Channel? 7 Classes of service 9) What are the main constrains of SCSI in storage networking? a) Deployment distance (max. of 25 mts) b) Number of devices that can be interconnected (16)

10) What is a Fabric? Interconnection of Fibre Channel Switches 11) What are the services provided by Fabric to all the nodes? a) Fabric Login b) SNS c) Fabric Address Notification d) Registered state change notification e) Broadcast Servers 12) What is the difference between LUN and WWN? LUN: unique number that is assigned to each storage device or partition of the storage that the storage can support. WWN: 64bit address that is hard coded into a fibre channel HBA and this is used to identify individual port (N_Port or F_Port) in the fabric. 13) What are the different topologies in Fibre Channel? a) Point-to-Point b) Arbitrary Loop c) Switched Fabric Loop 14) What are the layers of Fibre Channel Protocol? a) FC Physical Media b) FC Encoder and Decoder c) FC Framing and Flow control d) FC Common Services e) FC Upper Level Protocol Mapping 15) What is zoning? Fabric management service that can be used to create logical subsets of devices within a SAN. This enables portioning of resources for management and access control purpose. 16) What are the two major classification of zoning? Two types of zoning are a) Software Zoning b) Hardware Zoning 17) What are different levels of zoning? a) Port Level zoning b) WWN Level zoning c) Device Level zoning d) Protocol Level zoning e) LUN Level zoning 18) What are the 3 prominent characteristics of SAS Protocol? a) Native Command Queuing (NCQ) b) Port Multiplier c) Port Selector 19) What are the 5 states of Arbitrary Loop in FC? a) Loop Initialization b) Loop Monitoring

c) Loop arbitration d) Open Loop e) Close Loop 20) How does FC Switch maintain the addresses? FC Switch uses simple name server to maintain the mapping table 31) What are tow types of recording techniques on the tapes? a) Linear Recording b) Helical Scan Recording. 32) What is snap shot? A snapshot of data object contains an image of data at a particular point of time. 33) What is HSM? Hierarchical storage management, an application that attempts to match the priority of data with the cost of storage. 34) What is hot-swapping? Devices are allowed to be removed and inserted into a system without turning off the system. 35) What is Hot-Sparing? A spare device is available to be inserted into the subsystem operation without having to remove and replace a device. 36) What are different types of backup system? a) Offline b) Online c) Near Line 37) What is the different between mirroring, Routing and multipathing? Redundancy Functions Relationships Role Mirroring Generates 2 i/os to 2 storage targets Creates 2 copies of data Routing Determined by switches independent of SCSI Recreates n/w route after a failure Multipathing Two initiator to one target Selects the LUN initiator pair to use 38) Name few types of Tape storage? a) Digital Linear Tape b) Advanced Intelligent Tape c) Linear Tape Open 39) What is a sequence in FC? Group of one or more frames that encompasses one or more information units of a upper layer protocol. Example: It requires i) One sequence to transfer the command ii) One or more sequence to transfer the data iii) Once sequence to transfer the status. 40) What is Exchange in FC? Exchange is to establish a relationship between 2 N_PORTs and then these two ports

transfer data via one or more sequence within this relationship. Example: Exchange exist to transfer the command, data and the status of one SCSI task 31) What are tow types of recording techniques on the tapes? a) Linear Recording b) Helical Scan Recording. 32) What is snap shot? A snapshot of data object contains an image of data at a particular point of time. 33) What is HSM? Hierarchical storage management, an application that attempts to match the priority of data with the cost of storage. 34) What is hot-swapping? Devices are allowed to be removed and inserted into a system without turning off the system. 35) What is Hot-Sparing? A spare device is available to be inserted into the subsystem operation without having to remove and replace a device. 36) What are different types of backup system? a) Offline b) Online c) Near Line 37) What is the different between mirroring, Routing and multipathing? Redundancy Functions Relationships Role Mirroring Generates 2 i/os to 2 storage targets Creates 2 copies of data Routing Determined by switches independent of SCSI Recreates n/w route after a failure Multipathing Two initiator to one target Selects the LUN initiator pair to use 38) Name few types of Tape storage? a) Digital Linear Tape b) Advanced Intelligent Tape c) Linear Tape Open 39) What is a sequence in FC? Group of one or more frames that encompasses one or more information units of a upper layer protocol. Example: It requires i) One sequence to transfer the command ii) One or more sequence to transfer the data iii) Once sequence to transfer the status. 40) What is Exchange in FC? Exchange is to establish a relationship between 2 N_PORTs and then these two ports transfer data via one or more sequence within this relationship. Example: Exchange exist to transfer the command, data and the status of one SCSI task