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Social Science Concept Maps Class IX

Drainage Climate Natural Vegetation and Wild Life

Drainage
Drainage systems of India

The Himalyan Rivers The Indus River system

Basin (insteal of state)

The Peninsolar River

Originate (masarovan) The Ganga River system

States covered (J & K, H.P., Panjab)

Tributaries (Jhelum, Chenab Ravi, Beas, Satluj)

Originate (Gangotri, Uttrakhan, UP, Raj., MP, Bihar, Jharkhand, WB) Tributaries (Yamuna, Sarda, Ghaghara, Gondak, Kosi, Son, Betwa, Chambal) The Brahamputra River system Originate (man sarovate)(Arunancal Pradesh) (Assam Meshalaya)

The Peninsular River


The Narmada Basin

Tributaries (Dibang, Tohitate)

Originate (Amarkan tate hills) The Tapi Basin Originate (Betul, MP) The Godavari Basin Originate (Nasik, Maharashtra) The Mahanadi Basin Originate (highland of Chhattisgarh) Krishna Originate (Mahabaleshwar) Kaveri Originate (Brahmagri range)

Covered (MP, Gujarat)

Covered (MP, Maharashtra, Gujrat)

Basin (Maharashtra, Orissa, A.P., M.P.)

Tributanies (Purna, Wandha, Pranhita, Manjra, Wainganga & Penganga)

Barin (Maharashtra, Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, Orissa)

Barin (Maharashtra, Karnataka, A.P.)

Tributanies (Tungabhadra, Koyana, Ghatprabha, Musi, Bhima)

Barin (Karnataka, Kerala and Tamilnadu) Tributanies (Amravati, Bhavani, Hemavati and Kabini) Man - made Lake

Lakes

Type Importance

Natural Lake

Role of Rivers in the economy River Pollution National river conservation plan (NRCP)

Fresh Water Saline Water

Climate
Factors controls Climate

Latitude

Altitude

Pressure and wind

Distance from the sea

Ocean cements

Relief Features

Factors Affecting India's Climate

Latitude

Altitude

Pressure and wind

Jet stream

Western cyclonic disturbance

ITCZ

The Indian Monsoon


Factors Affecting Indian monsoon

The differential heating and cooling of Land and water

ITCS

Pressure Area High (Madagascar) Low Tibetan plateau Easterly

Jet Stream Westerly

ENSO

The seasons

The cold weathers season (Winter)

The Hot weather season (Summer)

Advancing monsoon (The raing season)

Retreating monsoon (The Transition season)

Distribution of Rainfall Monsoon as a unifying aond

Natural Vegitation and Wild Life


Factors responsible for the diversity of flora & Fauna (Bio-diversity, virgin vegitation Florea, Fauna)

Land

Soil

Temperature

Photoperiod (sunlight)

Precipitation

Ecosystem Types of Vegitation


Tropical Evergreen Tropical Deciduous Tropical Thorn Forests Montane Forests Forests Forests and Scrubs Hot & 200 cm Hot 4 Hot & Cold & & 200 70 cm Less than 70 cm Wet temperate Ebony, mahogany rose Teak, Bamboos, Sal, wood, rubber cinchona. Shisham, Sandal wood, Khair, arjun etc. Elephants, monkey, Lion, tiger, pig, deer, Lemur, deer, bats, stoth elephant lizards, snakes etc. Mangrove Forest Hot and Humid

Climate (Tem. Rainfall) Flora

Acacia, palms, Pine, deodar, silver fir, Sundari, Palm, coconut, euphorbias & caeti spruce & cedar keora, agar, etc. rat, mice, fox, rabbits, Kashmir stag, spotted Royal Bengal Tiger tiger, lion, wild ass, dear, wild sheep, jack Turtles, crocodiles, horses & camels. rabbit Tibetan antelope, gharials, snakes etc. yak, snow leopard etc.

Eauna

Distribution Wester Ghats, Assam, Foothills of Himalayas , Semi arid region of Kashmir, Himachal, Coastal regions. W. bengal, Jharkhand, West Gujrat, MP, Rajasthan, Uttrakhand, North east Lakshadweep, Orissa, Chhattisgarh Haryana ect. state Andaman & nicobar Islands. Importance

Wildlife
Wild life in India Its conservativation Steps taken by the Government