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LINEAR MENSURATION

DEFINITIONS 1. Mensuration the mathematics of measurement. 2. Linear Mensuration measurement in one dimension or measurement of distances/length. TWO SYSTEMS OF MEASUREMENT There are two systems of measurement: the English system which originated in England and the Metric system or Systems International (S.I) which originated in France. ENGLISH SYSTEM The English system is based on the foot as the standard unit of reference. A foot is divided into 12 equal parts called inches. Each inch is subdivided into 16 equal parts (16 graduations) and the smallest part is read 1/16.

The standard equivalents of length in the English system are as follows 12 inches (in.) 3 feet (ft.) = = 1 foot (ft.) 1 yard (yd.)

METRIC SYSTEM The basic/standard unit of length in the metric system is the meter. The meter is divided into 100 centimeters. Each centimeter is divided into 10 millimeters.

Other units of length and their equivalents in meters are as follows: 1 millimeter 1 centimeter 1 decimeter 1 kilometer = = = = 0.001 meter 0.01 meter 0.1 meter 1000 meters

We symbolize these lengths as follows: 1 millimeter 1 centimeter 1 meter 1 decimeter 1 kilometer = = = = = 1 mm 1 cm 1m 1 dm 1 km

CONVERSION TABLES Metric Conversion Table 1 millimeter 1 centimeter 1 meter English Conversion Table 1 inch (in.) 1 foot (ft.) 1 yard (yd.) = = = .0254 mm. 304.8 mm. 914.4 mm = = = 2.54 cm. 30.48 cm 91.4 cm = = = .0254 (m.) .3048 (m.) .9144 (m.) = = = 0.03937 inches (in.) .3937 inches (in.) 39.37 inches (in.)

CONVERSION FORMULAS Length in inches Length in inches Length in feet Length in meters Length in inches Length in feet x Length in feet x x x 3.28 x 0.305 30.5 39.37 39.37 = = 0.0254 = 2.54 = length in meters = length in centimeters

length in meters length in centimeters

QUIZ (TRADE MATHEMATICS / MEASUREMENT) Part 1 A. Direction: Convert the following. Write your answer and solution on a separate sheet. Round your answers into two decimal places.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

25 cm to 63 m to 50 ft to 13 inches 10 mm to

= = = = =

inches feet meters meters inch

B. Directions: Write the correct measurements as indicated by extension lines below. Use a separate sheet of paper. 6

8 7

1 INCH

Part 2 Directions: Write the correct measurements as indicated by extension lines below. Use a separate sheet of paper. A. English System

B. Metric System

II. Conversion: Convert the following measurement from metric to English system or vice versa.

1. 60 cm

in.

2. 3 in.

cm.

3. 75 cm.

m.

4. 10 in.

cm.

5.

30 cm

ft.