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BIOLOGY 3 SPM EXAMINATION TECHNIQUES

PAPER 3 : QUESTION 1 1. MEASURING AND USING NUMBERS Complete he table by recording the reading of thermometer, stopwatch, measuring tools , ruler etc. from the given diagram. (state the unit if it is not stated in the header of table) 2. OBSERVATION QUESTION : State two observations. ANSWER : Write down what can be observed only. - Usually have units and values - Link MV and RV as shown in the header table - Do not do the analysis, comparison or conclusion. 3. INFERENCE State one scientific explanation which corresponds to each observation 4. COMMUNICATING Construct the table using the given titles and units, record the relevant data or calculation. 5. INTERPRETING DATA State the relationship and explain 6. VARIABLES Manipulated variable 1st column of table/from question Responding variable 2nd or 3rd column of table/ from question Fixed variable find from question (1 is enough)

BIOLOGY 3 SPM EXAMINATION TECHNIQUES

CONTROLLING VARIABLES Variables (STATE) MANIPULATED RESPONDING

Method to handle the variables (MUST USE VERB and state the INSTRUMENT used) Use different Measure RV using apparatus and record (Observe/ read/ are not accepted) Use the same/ Maintain at.

CONTROLLED

7. MAKING HYPHOTHESIS Able to state the hypothesis correctly based on the following criteria:

State the manipulated variable (MV) State the responding variable (RV) State the relationship between MV and RV

8. PREDICTING QUESTION : If the experiment is repeated .., predict the observation ANSWER : One number or relevant statement -increase -decrease -same/constant -more than -Less than X more or less 9. DEFINING OPERATIONALLY EXAMPLE: Based on the results of the experiment, what can you deduce about vitamin C ? YOUR ANSWER MUST BEGIN WITH : Vitamin C is .. (Your answer must based on the results of the experiment, not exactly from the theory. Must also include the RV and MV) e.g. Vitamin C is the ascorbic acid which can decolorize the DCPIP solution and it is found in different types of fruit juice.

BIOLOGY 3 SPM EXAMINATION TECHNIQUES

10. CLASSIFYING Students must complete the given table according to the title. If the table is not provided, construct the table according to the classification given . 11. USING SPACE-TIME RELATIONSHIP State the changes of with time

PAPER 3 : QUESTION 2 (New Format in SPM 2010) Students must have all of the following: Problem statement Hypothesis Variables List of material and apparatus Experimental procedure or method Presentation of data 1. PROBLEM STATEMENT(3M) Must be in a question form. (What/how/is/does the MV..RV?) 2. HYPOTHESIS(3M) Able to state the hypothesis correctly based on the following criteria: State the manipulated variable State the responding variable Relate the MV and RV Higher..higher/ lower Bigger.. bigger/smaller More lesser 3. VARIABLES(3M) Manipulated variable: Responding variable Fixed variable: (1 is enough)

BIOLOGY 3 SPM EXAMINATION TECHNIQUES

4. APPARATUS(3M) (can be used over again) List down at least 5 apparatus . MATERIALS (can be used only once) List down at least 3 materials 5. PROCEDURE / METHOD (3M) Write down each step clearly and systematically (include precautionary steps) . K1: technique of assembling the apparatus to carry out the experiment K2: technique of fixing the FV K3: technique of changing the MV K4: technique of measuring the RV K5: precautionary method to increase accuracy/formula 6. PRESENTATION OF DATA (2M) Construct the table with the correct titles and units (results no need to fill, just leave it blank).