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ABBREVIATIONS (Short Forms & Expansions)

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AAI AAO AB ABA ABC ABM ABVP AC AC ACL ACT AD ADB ADCCP ADCST ADP ADWKT AEC AEO AG AGM AGM AI AIAIA AIBEA AIBOA AICC AICF AICTE AIDS AIDWA AIFF AIIMS AIMMK AIMPLB AIMS

Airport Authority of India Assistant Accounts Officer / Assistant Administrative Officer Autonomous Bodies Anti Boost Missile Audit Bureau of Circulation Anti Ballistic Missile Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad Assistant Collector / Assistant Commissioner Air Conditioner, Alternative Current Access Control List Association of Computer Technology Anno Domini (In the year of the Lord) Asian Development Bank Advanced Data Communication Control Procedure Advanced Diploma in Computer Software Technology Automatic Data Processing Advanced Diploma in WEB Kintting Technology Atomic Energy Commission Assistant Educational Officer Accountant General / Advocate General Asst. General Manager Annual General Meeting Air India All India Anglo Indian Association All Kerala Bank Employees Association All India Bank Officers Association All India Congress Committee All India Chess Federation All India Council for Technical Education Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome All India Democratic Women's Association All India Football Federation All India Institute of Medical Science All India Muvender Mennetra Kazhagam All India Muslim Personal Law Board Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

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AINEC AITA AITUC AIYF AKBEF AKPCTA AKPTA ALGOL ALU AM AM AM AMA AMC AMC AMIE Amma ANAA ANC ANERT ANFO ANSI AO AoA AOP AP AP APEC API APL APPLE ARO AS ASCL ASDL ASEAN ASI ASLV ASR

All India Newspaper Editors' Conference All India Tennis Association All India Trade Union Congress All India Youth Federation All Kerala Bank Employees Federation All Kerala Private College Teachers' Association All Kerala Private Teachers Association ALGOrithmic Language Arithmetic/Logic Unit Assistant Manager Arithmetic Mean Ante Meridiem (before noon) Authorised Medical Attendants Army Medical Corps Annual Maintenance Contract Associate Member of the Institute of Engineers Association of Malayalam Movie Artists Alpha Napthyl Acetic Acid African National Congress Agency for Nonconventional Energy and Rural Technology Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil American National Standards Institute Accounts Officer/Administrative Officer Articles of Association Association of Persons Arithmetic Progression Andra Pradesh Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Application Program Interface A Programming Language Arine Passenger Pay Load Experiment Advance Release Order Accounting Standards Asianet Satellite Communication Limited Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Association of South East Asian Nations Additional Sub-Inspector Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle Automatic Send and Receive

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ATM AU AVS AY B Arch B Com B Sc B Tech B/E BA BAI BALCO BAM BAMS BARC BASIC BBA BBC BBM BC BCA BCCI BCD BCS BCTT BD BDS BE BEA BED BEL BEP BG BHEL BHM BIFR BIOS BIS BIT

Automated Teller Machine Arithmetic Unit Arya Vaidy Sala Assessment Year Bachelor of Architecture Bachelor of Commerce Bachelor of Science Bachelor of Technology Bill of Entry Bachelor of Arts Builders Association of India Bharat Aluminium Company Bachelor in Ayurvedic Medicines Bachelor in Ayurveda Medicine & Surgery Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code Bachelor of Business Administration British Broadcasting Corporation Bachelor of Business Management Before Christ Bachelor of Computer Application Board of Control for Cricket in India Binary Coded Decimal British Computer Society Banking Cash Transaction Tax Bachelor of Divinity Bachelor in Dental Surgery Bachelor of Engineering Break Even Analysis Basic Excise Duty Bharat Electronics Limited Break Even Point Bank Guarantee Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited Bachelor of Hotel Management Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction Basic Input Output System Bereau of Indian Standards Binary Digit

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BJP BJYM BMC BoB BODMAS BOGL BOT BP BP BPCL BPE BPI BPL BPO BPR BPS BPT BRPSE BSE BSF BSNL BSP BSRB BSS C&AG c.v. C/o CA CA CAB CAB CAD CADA CADD CADS CAI CAIIB CAL CAM

Bharatiya Janatha Party Bharatiya Janatha Yuva Morcha Bubble Memory Control Bank of Baroda Bracket, Of, Division, Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction Bharat Optalmic Glass Limited Build Operate Tranfer Basic Pay Blood Pressure Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited Bureau of Public Enterprises Bytes Per Inch Below Poverty Line Business Process Outsourcing Business Process Reengineering Bits Per Second Bachelor of Physio-Therapy Board for Reconstruction of Public Sector Enterprises Bombay Stock Exchange Border Security Force Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Bahujan Samaj Party Banking Service Recruitment Board Bharatiya Seva Samaj Comtroller and Auditor General of India Curriculam Vitae Care of Chartered Accountant Certificate Authority Civil Aeronautics Board Cricket Association of Bengal Computer Aided Design Command Area Development Authority Computer Aided Designing and Development Computer Aided Decision system Computer Aided Instruction Certified Associate of Indian Institute of Bankers Computer Aided Learning Computer Aided Manufacturing

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CAN CAR CARD CARE CARE CARO CAS CAS CAT CAT CB CBCI CBDT CBEC CBFC CBI CBS CBSE CCA CCA CCEA CCI CCI&E CCS CCS CD CD CDFD CDMA CDR CD-ROM CDS CE CEA CENVAT CEO CERA CERC CESTAT

Campus Area Networks Capital Adequacy Ratio Centre for Astronomical Research & Development Credit Analysis Research Limited Credit Analysis Research Limited Companies (Auditors Report) Order Conditional Access System Cost Accounting Standards Common Admission Test, Career Aptitude Test Central Administrative Tribunal Closing Balance Catholic Bishops' Conference of India Central Board of Direct Taxes Central Board of Excise & Customs Central Board of Film Certification Central Bureau of Investigation Centralised Banking Solution Central Board of Secondary Examination Certificate course in Computer Applicatrion City Compensatory Allowance Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs Cement Corporation of India Chief Controller of Imports and Exports Central Civil Services Cash Compensatory Support Compact Disc Certificate of Deposit Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagostics Code Division Multiple Access Credit Deposit Ratio Compact Disc - Read Only Memory Combined Defence Services Central Excise Central Excise Act Central Value Added Tax Chief Executive Officer Central Excise Revenue Audit Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Customs, Excise & Service Tax Appellate Tribunal

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CET CFA CFM CFTI CGCRI CGFNS CGHS CGS CHS CIA CIAL CID CIDS CIF CII CISF CIT CITU CL CLB CLC CM CMFRI CMIE CML CMO CMPR CNN COBOL COD COPRA COPRA CP CPCB CPF CPI (M) CPR CPT CPT

Common Entrance Test Certified Financial Analyst Chief Finance Manager Centre for Food Technology Institute Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools Central Government Health Service Centimetre Gram Second Centre for Heritage Studies Central Intelligence Agency (of USA) Cochin International Airport Limited Criminal Investigation Department Chief of Integrated Defence Staff Cost, Insurance & Freight Confederation of Indian Industry Central Industrial Security Force Commissioner of Income Tax Centre of Indian Trade Unions Casual Leave Company Law Board Christian Life Community Chief Minister Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy Cherupushpa Mission League Chief Medical Officer Centre for Medicinal Plants Research Cable News Network Common Business Oriented Languages Cash On Delivery Consumer Protection Act Consumer Protection Act Commercial Paper Central Pollution Control Board Contributory Provident Fund Communist Party of India (Marxist) Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation Common Proficiency Test (Entrance of CA) Cochin Port Trust

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CPU CPWD CR CR CRAC CRAT CRIS CRISIL CRL CRM CRR CRT CRY CS CSB CSE CSEZ CSI CSIR CSL CSO CSRMS CSS CST CT CT CT CTBT CTD CUP CUSAT CVC CVD CWRDM D Litt D Phil D Sc DA DAM

Central Processing Unit Central Public Works Department Confidential Report Common Ratio Cyber Regulations Advisory Committee Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal Centre for Railway Information System Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited Cochin Refineries Limited (old name) Customer Relations Management Cash Reserve Ratio Cathode Ray Tube Child relief and You Company Secretary Catholic Syrian Bank Centre for Science and Enviorment Cochin Special Economic Zone Churches of South India Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Cochin Shipyard Limited Central Statistical Organisation Centre for Survey Research and Management Services Christian Service Society Central Sales Tax Computorised Tomography Certificate Certificate Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Cumulative Time Deposit Cambridge university Press Cochin University of Science And Technology Chief Vigilance Commission Counter-vailing Duty Centre for Water Resources Development and Management Doctor of Literature Doctor of Philosophy Doctor of Science Dearness Allowance, Daily Allowance Diploma in Ayurvedic Medicine

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DASDs DAT DBMS DC DC DC DCC DCED DCST DD DD DD DDA DDM DDM DDT DECU DEO DFA DGFT DGFT DGM DGP DGS&D DHFL DICGCI DIG DLI DLO DM DMA DMK Dn DNA DOA DOB DOS DOS DP

Direct Access Storage Devices Departmental Admission Test Data Base Management System Deputy Commissioner / Deputy Collector Direct Current Delivery Challan District Congress Committee Diploma in Computer Engineering Design Diploma in Computer Software Technology Deputy Director Door Darshan Demand Draft Delhi Development Authority Dividend Discounted Method Dividend Discounted Method Dichlore-diphenyl-trichlore-ethane Development & Educational Communication Unit District Educational Officer Diploma in Financial Accounting Director General of Foreign Trade Director General of Foreign Trade Deputy General Manager Director General of Police Director General of Supplies & Disposal Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Deposit Insurance Credit Guarantee Corporation of India Deputy Inspector General Deposit Linked Insurance District Labour Officer Deputy Manager Direct Momory Access Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Division Deoxyribo-Nucleic Acid Diploma in Office Automation Date Of Birth Department of Space Disk Operating System Depository Participant

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DPC DPEP DPI DPI DPI DPS DPSA DPT Dr. DRAM DRDA DRF DSB DSC DSC DSL DSP DSS DTH DTP DTS DV DVC DVD DVP DVR DYFI DySP E E&OE EAT EBC EC ECA ECA ECG ECGC ECM ECM

Departmental Promotion Committee District Primary Education Programme Director of Public Instructions Dot Per Inch, Data Per Inch Dubai Ports International Dividend Per Share Deep Penetration Strike Aircraft Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus (Vaccine) Doctor Dynamic Random Access Memory District Rural Development Authority Dematerialisation Request Form Digital Satellite Broadcasting Digital Signature Certificate Delhi Stock Exchange Digital Subscriber Line Deputy Superintendent of Police Decision Support System Direct to Home Desktop Publishing Digital Theater System Deo Volente (God willing) Damodar Valley Corporation Digital Video Disc, Digital Versatile Disc Delivery Versus Payment Digital Video Recorder Democratic Youth Federation of India Deputy Superindentend of Police Electronic Errors and Omissions Excepted Earnings After Tax Economically Backward Classes Election Commission Essential Commodities Act Essential Commodities Act Electro Cardiogram Export Credit Guarantee Corporation European Common Market European Common Market

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ECOSCO EDI EDLI EDP EEC EEPC EFTA EFTS EGM EHT EICL EIL EIS EIS EL ELT ELT E-Mail EMH EMI EMRC ENIAC ENT EOI EOL EOU EPABX EPCG EPCH EPF EPF EPROM EPS EPS EPZ ERM ERP ERS ESA

Economic and Social Council (UN) Electronic Data Interchange Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Electronic Data Processing European Economic Community Engineering Export Promotion Council European Free Trade Association Electronic Fund Transfer System Extra-ordinary General Meeting Extra High Tension Electronic Corporation of India Limited Engineers India Limited Executive Information System Executive Information System Earned Leave English Learning and Teaching Excise Law Times Electonic Mailing Efficient Market Hypothesis Equated Monthly Instalment Educational Media Research Centre Electronic Numeral Integrator and Calculator Ear, Nose and Throat Expression Of Interest Extra Ordinary Leave Export Oriented Unit Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange Export Promotion Capital Goods Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts Employees Provident Fund Employees Provident Fund Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory Employees Pension Scheme Employees Pension Scheme Export Processing Zone Exhange Rate Mechanism Enterprise Resource Planning European Remote Sensing (Satallite) European Space Agency

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ESI ESI ESMA ESMA ESR ETS EU EV EVM EVR EXIM FABC FACT FBI FBT FCI FCRA FDA FDI FEDO FEMA FERA FICCI FIFA FIFO FII FIR FIRE FLAG FM FM FOB FPF FPF FPS FRB FRSR FRSR FT

Employees State Insurance Employees State Insurance Essential Services Maintenance Act Essential Services Maintenance Act Electron Spin Resonance Educational Testing Service European Union Expected Value Electronic Voting Machine Electro Video Recording Export Import Federation of Asian Bishops' Conference Fertilizers And Chemicals Travancore Ltd Federal Bureau of Invesigation (of US) Fringe Benefit Tax Food Corporation of India, Fertiliser Corporation of India Foreign Contribution Regulation Act Fixed Dearness Allowance Foreign Direct Investment FACT Engineering & Design Organisation Foreign Exchange Management Act Foreign Exchange Regulation Act Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry Federation Internationale de Football Association First In First Out Foreign Institutional Invester First Information Report Fully Integrated Robotised Engine Fibre optic Link Around the Globe Finance Manager / Field Marshal Financial Managerment Free On Board Family Pension Fund Family Pension Fund Foot, Pound, Second Floating Rate Bond Fundamental Rules & Supplementary Rules Fundamental Rules & Supplementary Rules Financial Times

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FTC FTP FY G7 GAAP GATE GATS GATT GB GCDA GEMS GEMS GI GIC GID GIDA GIM GIO GIR GIS GIS GL GL GM GMAT GMI GMT GNM GO GP GP GPF GPF GRACE GSB GSLI GSLV GST GTO

Fast Track Courts File Transfer Protocol Financial Year Group of seven (US,UK,Germany,France,Italy,Japan & Canada) Generally Accepted Accounting Practices Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering General Agreement on Trade and Services General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade Giga Byte (1024 MB) Greater Cochin Development Authority Gateway Electronic Mail Service Games and Event Management System Group Insurance General Insurance Co............ Government of India Decision Goshree Island Development Authority Global Investers Meet Government of India Order General Index Register Group Insurance Scheme Geographical Information System Generation Languages General Ledger General Manager Graduate Management Admission Test General Motors India Greenwich Mean Time General Nursing and Midwifery Government Order Geometric Progression Gate Pass General Provident Fund General Provident Fund Ground Rules And Code of Ethics Gowda Saraswathi Brahmin Group Savings Linked Insurance Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle General Sales Tax Geo-Synchronous Transfer Orbit

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GUI HAL HBV HC HCA HCF HCI HCL HDCST HDFC HF HIL HIV HLL HMI HMT HMV HNL HNP HOCL Hon. HP HPA HPCL HPL HRA HRD HRPT HSA HSC HSD HSL HSS HT HTML HTR HTTP HUDCO HUF

Graphical User Interface Hindustan Aeronautics Limited Hepatitis-B Virus High Court Hyderabad Cricket Association Highest Common Factor Hotel Corporation of India Hindustan Cables Limited / Hindustan Copper Limited Honours Diploma in Computer Software Technology Housing Development Finance Corporation High Frequency Hindustan Insecticides Limited Human Immunodeficiency Virus Hindustan Lever Limited Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Hindustan Machine Tools Heavy Motor Vehicle Hindustan Newsprint Limited Heavy Normal Paraffin Hindustan Organic Chemicals Limited Honourable, Honorary Horse Power High Powered Amplifier Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited Half Pay Leave House Rent Allowance Human Resourse Development High Resolution Picture Transmission High School Assistant Higher Secondary Course High Speed Diesel Hindustan Salt Limited Higher Secondary School High Tension Hyper Text Markup Language High Temperature Reactor Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Housing and Urban Development Corporation Hindu Undivided Family

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HV Hz i.e. IA IA&AS IAAI IAAS IAEA IAF IAMR IARI IAS IATA IBD IBM IBRD IC ICAI ICAO ICAR ICAR ICBM ICC ICCI ICCR ICHR ICICI ICJ ICMR ICRA ICS ICS ICT ICTT ICWAI ID IDA IDBI IDE

High Voltage Hertz id est (that is) Indian Airlines Indian Audit and Accounts Services International Airport Authority of India Indian Audit & Accounts Service International Atomic Energy Agency Indian Armwrestling Federation Institute of Applied Manpower Research Indian Agricultural Research Institute Indian Administrative Service International Air Transport Association India Book Distributers International Business Machines International Bank for Reconstruction and Development Integrated Circuit Institute of Chartered Accountants of India International Civil Aviation Organisation Indian Council of Agricultural Research Indian Council of Augricultural Research Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile International Cricket Council Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry Indian Council for Cultural Relations Indian Council of Historical Research Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of india International Court of Justice Indian Council of Medical Research Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India Institute of Company Secretaries Internet Connection Sharing Information Communication Technology International Container Transshipment Terminal Institute of Cost & Works Accountants of India Identity International Development Agency Industrial Development Bank of India Integrated Device Electonics

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IEEE IELTS IES IETE IF IFAD IFC IFC IFDP IFFCO IFFI IFS IG IGATECH IGF IGIDR IGNOU IHF IHS IIITM IIM IIPA IIRS IISCL IIT IL ILO IMAP IMF IMM IN INA INFAC INL INMARSAT INRI INS INSA INSAT

Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers International English Language Testing System Indian Economic Service Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers Insurance Fund International Fund for Agricultural Development Industrial Finance Corporation International Finance Corporation Indian Federal Democratic Party Indian Farmers Fertiliser Co-Operative Ltd. International Film Festival of India Indian Foreign Service / Indian Forest Service Inspector General Indo-Gulf American Technology Indian Growth Fund Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research Indira Gandhi National Open University Indian Hokey Federation Iesus Human Salvator (Jesus, the saviour of man) Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management Indian Institute of Management Indian Institute of Public Administration Indian Institute of Remote Sensing Indian Iron & Steel Company Ltd Indian Institute of Technology Instrumentation limited International Labour Organisation Internet Mail Access Protocol International Monetory Fund Institute of Materials Management Indian Navy Indian National Army Indian Naval Fast Attack Craft Indian National League International Maritime Satellite Organisation Iesus Nazarenus Rex Indeorm Indian Newspaper Sociey Indian National Science Academy Indian National Satellite

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INTELSAT INTUC IOB IOC IOL IOU IP IPC IPC IPCL IPO IPR IPS IQ IR IRA IRBM IRC IRCS IRCTC IRCTC IRDA IRDP IRE IRR IRRI IRS IS ISAS ISB ISB ISBN ISD ISDN ISI ISO ISRO ISSP IST

International Telecommunication Satellite Indian National Trade Union Congress Indian Overseas Bank Indian Oil Corporation Intra Occular Lens I Owe You Internet Protocol Indian Penal Code International Pepper Community Indian Petro-chemicals Corporation Limited Initial Public Offering Industrial Policy Resolution Indian Police Service Intelligence Quotient Indian Railway Irish Republican Army Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile International Red Cross Indian Red Cross Society Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority Integrated Rural Development Programme Indian Rare Earths Internal Rate of Return International Rice Research Institute Indian Revenue Service Information System Indian Society of Analytical Scientists Indian School of Business Indian School of Business International Standard Book Number International Subscriber Dialing Integrated Services Digital Network Indian Standards Institution International Standards Organisation Indian Space Research Organisation Indian Scientific Satellite Project Indian Standard Time

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IT IT IT ITA ITBP ITC ITDC ITI ITI IUML IV J&K JCO JD(U) JE JEE JeM JKLF JPC JT JTC JV KAU KB KC KCBC KCYM KDP KEL KELSA KELTRON KEPIP KER KER KFA KFF KG KGST KGST

Information Technology Income Tax Income Tax Information Technology Agreement Indo-Tibetin Border Police Industrial Training Centre Indian Tourism Development Corporation Industrial Training Institute Indian Telephone Industries Indian Union Muslim League Intrinsic Value Jammu & Kashmir Junior Commissioned Officer Janata Dal (United) Journal Entry Joint Entrance Examination Jaish-e-Mohammad Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front Joint Parliamentary Committee Joining Time Junior Technical Centre Journal Voucher Kerala Agricultural University Kilo Byte (1024 byte) Kerala Congress Kerala Catholic Bishops' Council Kerala Catholic Youth Movement Kerala Dalit Panthers Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Co. Ltd Kerala State Legal Services Authority Kerala state Electronics Development Corporation Kinfra Export Promotion Industrial Park Kerala Educational Rules Kerala Educational Rules Kerala Finance Act Kerala Fishermen's Forum Kindergarten Kerala General Sales Tax Kerala General Sales Tax

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KISSAN KLCA KMA KMML KPA KPCC KPSEB KRCL KRL KSCDC KSDP KSEB KSFE KSIDC KSINC KSR KSR KSRTC KSS KSSP KSSP KSTA KSU KTC KTDC KTDFC KVAT KVIC KVS KVS KWA L&T LAN LASER LC LCD LCM LDC LDF

Karshaka Information Systems Services And Networking Kerala Latin Catholic Association Kerala Management Association Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited Kerala Press Academy Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee Kerala Private School Education Board Konkan Railway Corporation Limited Kochi Refineries Limited Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Kerala State Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Kerala State Eletricity Board Kerala State Financial Enterprise Kerala State Industrial Development Corporation Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation Corporation Kerala Service Rules Kerala Service Rules Kerala State Road Transport Corporation Kudumbi Seva Sangam Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad Kerala Sastra Sahithya Parishad Kerala State Teachers' Association Kerala Students Union Kerala Telecommunication Circle Kerala Tourism Development Corporation Kerala Transport Development Finance Limited Kerala Value Added Tax Khadi and Village Industris Commission Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan Kerala Viswakarma Sabha Kerala Water Authority Larsen & Toubro Local Area Network Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation Letter of Credit Liquid Crystal Display Lowest Common Multiple Lower Division Clerk Left Democratic Front

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LDO LIC LICHFL LIFO LLB LMV LNA LPC LPG LPG LPSA LPSC LRAC LS LSFO LSHS LTA LTC Ltd. LWA M Com M Phil M Sc M Tech M&M MA MAC MACD Macta MAN MAOCARO MAT MB MBA MBBS MBRS MC MCA MCC

Light Diesel Oil Life Insurance Corporation (of India) L.I.C. Housing Finance Limited Last In First Out Bachelor of Laws Light Motor Vehicle Low Noise Amplifier Last Pay Certificate Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liberalisation, Privatisation & Globalisation Lower Primary School Assistant Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre Long Run Average Cost Lok Sabha Low Sulphur Furnace Oil Low Sulphur Heavy Stock Leave Travel Assistance Leave Travel Concession Limited Leave Without Allowance Master of Commerce Master of Philosophy Master of Science Master of Technology Mahindra & Mahindra Master of Arts Mass Media Control Moving Average Convergence Divergence Malayalam Cine Technicians' Association Metropolitan Area Network Manufacturing And Other Companies (Auditors Report) Order Minimum Alternate Tax Mega Byte (1024 KB) Master of Business Administration Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Multi Barrel Rocket System Medical College Master of Computer Application Maoist Communist Centre

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MCCS MCI MCI MCL MD MD MDS ME Me MEK MEP MF MFC Mfg MFL MHA MIB MICA MICR MICR MIS MIS Misc. MKS MLA MMH MMTC MNS MoA MODEM MODVAT MOM MOU MP MPEDA MPH MRP MRPL MRTP

Media Content and Communication Services Magnetic Character Inscriber Medical Council of India Malabar Cements Limited Managing Director, Doctor of Medicine Mean Deviation Master in Dental Science Master of Engineering Millenium Edition Methyl Ethyl Ketone Minimum Export Price Mutual Fund Master in Finance and Control Manufacturing Madras Fertilisers Limited Management of Hospital Administration Master of International Business Mudra Institute of Communication, Ahmedabad Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Magnetic Ink Character Recognition Management Information System Management Information System Miscellaneous Metre, Kiligram, Second Member of Legislative Assembly Master of Management in Hospitality Minerals and Metals Trading Company Military Nursing Service Memorandum of Association Modulator Demodulator Modified Value Added Tax Minutes Of Meeting Momorandum of Understanding Member of Parliament; Madhya Pradesh Marine Products Export Development Authority Miles Per Hour Maximum Retail Price Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited Monopolies Restrictive Trade Practices

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MRTPC MS MS MSE MSW MT MTA MUL MVA NAA NAAC NABARD NACO NAFED NAFTA NALCO NAPM NASA NAT NATO NAV NB: NBFC NBFC NC NCC NCERT NCM NCO NCOA NCP NCW NDA NDA NDC NEST NFL NGO NHRC

Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission Master of Surgery Micro Soft Madras Stock Exchange Mater of Social Work Metric Tonne Master of Tourism Administration Maruti Udyog Limited Motor Vehicles Act National Airports Authority National Assessment and Accreditation Council National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development National AIDS Control Organisation National Agricultural Co-operative Marketing Federation North American Free Trade Agreement National Aluminium Company National Alliance of People's Movement National Aeronautics and Space Administration Network Address Translation North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Net Asset Value Nota Bene (Note Well) Non Banking Financial Corporation Non-Banking Finance Company Network Computer National Cadet Corps National Council of Educational Research and Training National Commission on Minorities Non-Commissioned Officer National Confederation of Officers' Associations of Central PSU Nationalist Congress Party National Commission for Women National Defence Academy National Democratic Alliance National Development Council National Electronic Settlement & Transfer National Fertilisers Limited Non Gazetted Officer National Human Rights Commission

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NIC NICS NIFT NIL NIT NIUM NLFT NMC NMCE NMS NOC NOC NPA NPA NPC NPC NPV NRK NRSA NSC NSE NSG NSS NSS NSSN NTCC NTPC NWDA O&M O/C OB OBC OBC OBU OCA OCB OCR OGL OIC

Network Interface Card Network Interface Cards National Institute of Fashon Technology National Instruments Limited National Institute of Technology National Institute of Unani Medicine National Liberation Front of Tripura Nursing Midwifery Council National Multi-Commodity Exchange of India Network Management System Network Operating System No Objection Certificate Non-Practising Allowance Non-Performing Assets National Productivity Council Nuclear Power Corporation Net Present Value Non-Resident Keralites National Remote Sensing Agency National Savings Certificate National Stock Exchange National Security Guards Nair Service Society National Service Scheme National Social service Security Number Nursary Teacher Certificate Course National Thermal Power Corporation National Water Development Agency Organisation and Methods Office Copy Opening Balance Oriental Bank of Commerce Other Backward Community Offshore Banking Unit Olympic Council of Asia Overseas Corporate Bodies Optical Character Recognition Open General Licence Organisation of Islamic Conference

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OIGS OIL OK OM OMR ONGC OOP OPCW OPEC OPV ORT OS OSI OSS OSV OT OTA OU P&A P&G PA PABX PAC PAN PAN Para. PBIT PBX PC PC PCB PCC PCC PCM PDA PDC PDF PDS PERT

On India Government Service Oil India Limited All Correct Office Memorandom Optical Mark Recognition Oil and Natural Gas Commission Object Oriented Programming Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries Oral Polio Vaccine Oral Rehyderation Therapy Operating System Open Systems Interconnection Open Source Software Offshore Supply Vessels Overtime Overtime Allowance Organisational Unit Personnel & Administrative Procter & Gamble Personal Assistant Private Automatic Branch Exchange Public Accounts Committee Permanent Account Number Permanent Account Number Paragraph Profit Before Interest & Tax Private Branch Exchange Personal Computer Post Card Printed Circuit Board, Pollution Control Board Professional Competency Course (Inter. Of CA) Pradesh Congress Committee Pulse Code Modulation Personal Digital Assistant Pre-Degree Course Portable Document Format Public Distribution System Project Evaluation and Review Technique

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PETA PF PGDBM PGDCA PGDIM PGIMER PGM PH Ph.D PIB PIL PIM PIN PKI PL PL PLA PLB PLR PM PM PMG PMT PNB PnP PNR PO PO POC PoD POK POLICE POTA PP PPF PPF PPO PRO PROLOG

People of Ethical Treatment of Animals Provident Fund Post-Graduate Diploma in Business Management Post-Graduate Diploma in Computer Application Post Graduate Diploma in management Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Principal General Manager Personal Hearing Doctor of Philosophy Press Information Bureau Public Interest Litigation Personal Information Management Postal Index Number, Personal Identification Number Public Key Infrastructure Previlage Leave (Earned Leave) Price List Personal Ledger Account Productivity-Linked Bonus Prime Lending Rate Prime Minister Post Meridiem Post Master General Project Management Team Punjab National Bank Plug and Play Passenger Name Recorder Probationary Officer Post office Pastoral Orientation Centre Proof of Delivery Pakistan Occupied Kashmir Polite Obedient Loyal Intelligent Courage Efficiency Prevention Of Terrorisom Act Particular Person Public Provident Fund Public Provident Fund Pension Payment Order Public Relation Officer Programming Logic

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PS PS Ps. PSC PSD PSLV PSN PSTN PSU PTI PTO PUC PVC PWD PWG PY QD R&D RA RAC RADAR RAID RAM RAW RBDCK RBI RC RCC RD RDX Re. REC REC Rev. Fr. RFT RG RH RI RIB

Private Secretary Post Scriptum (written after) Paise Public Service Commission Postal Service Division Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle Processor Serial Number Public Switched Telephone Network Public Sector Undertaking Press Trust of India Please Turn Over, Page Turn Over Pre-University Course Poly Vinyl Chioride Public Works Department People's War Group Previous Year Quartile Deviation Research and Development Registration Authority Reservation Against Cancellation Radio Detecting and Ranging Redundant Array of Independent Disks Random Access Memory Research and Analysis Wing Roads and Bridges Development Corporation of Kerala Reserve Bank of India Roman Catholic Reinforced Cement Concrete Recurring Deposit Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrimethylin Trinitrate) Rupee Regional Cancer Centre Rural Electrification Corporation Reverent Father Radio Frequency Transceiver Register Restricted Holiday Rigorous Improsonment Resurgent India Bond

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RIL RIM RIP RITES RJD Rly RMS RO ROC ROM RPM RRB RRSSC RS Rs. RSCB RSR RSS RSS RT RTA RTO S&T SAA SAARC SAC SAIL SAM SAP SAPTA SARS SAS SAS SAT SB SBH SBI SBT SC

Reliance Industries Limited Reliance India Mobile Requiesecant In Pace (Rest in Peace) Rail Transport Technical and Economic Services Rashtrya Janatha Dal Railway Railway Mail Service Range Officer Registrar of Campanies Read Only Memory Revolutions Per Minute Railway Recruitment Board Regional Remote Sensing Service Centre Rajya Sabha Rupees Railway Arts/Sports Control Board Rohini Sounding Rocket Remote Sensing Satellite Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh Return Regional Transport Authority Regional Transport Officer Science and Technology Side Angle Angle South Asian Association of Regional Co-operation Space Application Centre Steel Authority of India Limited Surface to Air Missile System Application Products South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Subordinate Accounts Service Side Angle Side Scholastic Aptitude Test Service Book State Bank of Hyderabad State Bank of India State Bank of Travancore Supreme Court, Scheduled Caste

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SCI SCL SCMS SCN SD SDCA SEANWFT SEATO SEBI SED SENSEX SEZ SFI SGPC SI SIB SICCI SIDBI SIDCO SIDS SIO SISI SIT SITE SJP SLC SLFP SLR SLV SME SMP SMS SMTP SMU SNDP SNS SP SPCA SPIC

Shipping Corporation of India Shiva Cement Limited School of Communication and Management Studies Show Cause Notice Standard Deviation Short Distance Charging Area South East Asia Nuclear Weapons Free Zone South East Asia Treaty Organisation Securities and Exchange Board of India Special Excise Duty Sensitivity Index (of Share Price) Special Economic Zone Students Federation of India Siromani Gurudwara Prabandak Committee Sub-Inspector South Indian Bank Singapore Indian Chamber of Commerce Small Industries Development Bank of India Small Industries Development Corporation Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Students Islamic Organisation (of India) Small Industries Service Institute Special Investigating Team Satellite Instructional Television Experiment Social Justice Peravai State Legislative Committee Sri Lanka Freedom Party Statutory Liquidity Ratio Satellite Launch Vehicle Small and Medium Enterprises Skimmed Milk Powder Short Message Service Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Sikkim Manipal University Sree Narayana Dharma Peedam .. Samasta Nair Samajam Superindentend of Police Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Southern Petrochemical Industries Corporation

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SPL SPTM SPV SRS SSA SSB SSC SSC SSCE SSI SSLC SSS ST ST St. STAR (TV) STARS STC STD STD STEP STP STPI STQC STT SUCI SUNFED T&D TA TAC TADA TB TCC TCP TCS TDA TDMA TDP TDS

Space Physics Laboratory Self Printing Ticketing Machine Solar Photo Voltake Software Requirements Specification Sarva Shikha Abhiyan Service Selection Board Staff Selection Commission Secondary School Certificate Senior School Certificate Examination Small Scale Industries Secondary School Leaving Certificate Side Side Side Sales Tax / Service Tax Scheduled Tribe Saint Satellite Television Asian Region Satellite Tracking And Ranging Station State Trading Corporation Sexually Transmitted Disceses Subscriber Trunk Dialing Satellite Telecommunications Experiments Project Software Technology Park Software Technology Parks of India Standardisation Testing and Quality Control Securities Transaction Tax Socialist Unity Centre for India Special United Nations Fund for Economic Development Transmission and Distribution Travelling Allowance Technical Advisory Committee Terrorist And Disruptive Activities (Prevention Act) Tuberculosis Bacillus Travancore Cochin Chemicals Transmission Control Protocol Tata Consultancy Services Trade Development Authority Time Division Multiple Access Telungu Desam Party Tax Deducted at Source

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Shortform

Expansion

TDSAT TELCO TELK TERLS THSE TIFR TIPS TISCO TMB TMO TN TNT TNWC TOEFL TOP TPA TPA TPM TPS TQM TRACT TSE TTE TTI TTP TTSL TTY TV TV TWE UAE UBI UCI UCIL UDC UDF UGC UHF UK

Telecom Dispute Settlement and Appellate Tribunal Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company Trasformers and Electricals Kerala Limited Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station Technical Higher Secondary School Tate Institute of Fundamental Research Technology Information Pilot System Tata Iron & Steel Company. Tamilnadu Merchantile Bank Telegraphic Money Order Tamil Nadu Trinitro Tolune Tamil Nadu Warehousing Corporation Test Of English as a Foreign Language Trust for Orphans and Poor Terphthalic Acid Tonnes per Annum Total Productivity Maintenance Transaction Processing System Total Quality Management Transportable Remote Area Communications Terminal Test of Spoken English Travelling Ticket Examiner Teacher Training Institute Travancore Titanium Products Tata Tele-Services Limited Tele Typewriter Television Television Test of Written English United Arab Emirates Union Bank of india Universal Childhood Immunisation Uranium Corporation of India Limited Upper Division Clerk United Democratic Front University Grant Commission Ultra High Fequency United Kingdom

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Shortform

Expansion

ULEV UNCED UNCIP UNCLOS UNCSTD UNCTAD UNDP UNEP UNESCO UNF UNFPA UNI UNICEF UNIDO UNMOGIP UNO UNOPS UNPROFOR UNRRA UNU UP UPS UPSA UPSC UR UR US USA USAID USB UTI UTL VABAL VAN VAT VC VCR VDT VDU

Ultra Low Emission Vehicle UN Conference on Enviornment & Development United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan United Nations Convention on the Law Of the Sea United Nations Conference on Science and Technology for D l t United Nations Conference on Trade and Development United Nations Development Programme United Nations Enviornment Programme United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation United National Front United Nations Population Fund United News of India United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund United Nations Industrial Development Organisation United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan United Nations Organisation United Nations Project Services United Nations Protection Force United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration United Nations University Uttar Pradesh Uninterrupted Power Supply Upper Primary School Assistant Union Public Service Commission Unreserved Un-Reserved United States United States of America United States Agency for International Development Universal Serial Bus Unit Trust of India United Telecoms Limited Value Based Advance Licencing Value Added Network Value Added Tax Vice Chancellor Video Cassette Recorder Video Display Terminal Visual Display Unit

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Shortform

Expansion

VGA VHP VHSE VIP VPP VRS VSAT VSNL VSSC VVIP WAN WAY WB WCA WDM WDM WDV WEF WFTU WHO WP WPI WTC WTO WWW Xmas YC YMCA yr YWCA

Video Graphic Arry Vishwa Hindu parishad Vocational Higher Secondary School Very Important Person Value Payable Post Voluntary Retirement Scheme Very Small Aperture Terminal Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Very Very Important Person Wide Area Network World Assembly of Youth West Bengal Workmen's Compensation Act Wholesale Debt Market World Debt Market Written Down Value World Economic Forum World Federation of Trade Unions World Health Organisation Word Processing Wholesale Price Index World Trade Centre World Trade Organisation World Wide Web Christmas Youth Congress Young Men's Christian Association Year Young Women's Christian Association

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