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King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Aerospace Engineering Department

AE 422 FLIGHT PROPULSION I


Credits (3-0-3)
Prerequisite(s): Textbook: AE 220 P. Hill and C. Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion Systems, (2nd Ed.), Addison-Wesley Pub. Ltd., 1992. 1. 2. 3. D. G. Shepherd, Aerospace Propulsion, American Elsevier Pub. Call No.: TL 709.S43. G. P. Sutton, Rocket Propulsion Elements (6th Ed.), John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1992. Call No.: TL 782.S8. G. C. Oates, Aerothermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion, AIAA Education Series, 1988. Call No.: TL574.A45 O28.

References:

Instructor: Course website: Class schedule: Office hours:

Dr. Farooq Saeed (farooqs@kfupm.edu.sa) Office: 59-1054, Phone: 1585 http://webcourses.kfupm.edu.sa/public/AE42201/index.html Lectures in Room #59-1011 S. M. W. 11:00-11:50 a.m.

Saturday, Monday and Wednesday: 10:00-11:00 am

Topical Outline: 1. Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Fluids (chapters 1-2), (1 Week 3 lectures) 2. Thermodynamics of Aircraft Engines (chapter 5), (2 Weeks 6 lectures) 3. Aerothermodynamics of Inlets, Combustors and Nozzles (chapter 6), (2 Weeks 6 lectures) 4. Axial Compressors (chapter 7), (3 Weeks 9 lectures) 5. Axial Turbines (chapter 8), (2 Weeks 6 lectures) 6. Performance of Rocket Vehicles (chapter 10), (2 Weeks 6 lectures) 7. Chemical Rocket Thrust Chambers (chapter 11), (1 Week 3 lectures) 8. Chemical Rocket Propellants (chapter 12), (2 Weeks 6 lectures) Course Objectives These objectives are as follows: 1. To provide students of aerospace engineering with a deep understanding of different propulsion systems used in aircraft and spacecraft. 2. To allow students to study the performance of different propulsion systems and ways to improve theme. 3. To enable students to carry out conceptual design of a propulsion system and its components and evaluate its performance.

Homework:

One every other week and due in class (Late homework will not be accepted) Three unannounced quizzes of 20 minutes each. (No makeup quiz will be given) Three major exams of 50 minutes each. (No makeup exams will be given) Final exam will be comprehensive and scheduled by the Registrar. Students will be required to do a Team Project. Two reports (preliminary and final) will be due Wednesday of weeks 7 and 14, respectively. The report format and content will follow the AE Department guidelines for AE 412 Senior Design Project course. (Late submissions will not be accepted)

Quizzes:

Major Exams:

Final Exam: Term Project:

Grading Policy: Participation and behavior Attendance Homework Term project Quizzes Major exams Final exam 4% 8% 8% 10 % 10 % 25 % 35 % 100 %

KFUPM Absence Policy A "DN" grade will be reported if unexcused absences exceed 1/5th of the scheduled class and laboratory sessions or excused and unexcused absences exceed 1/3rd of the scheduled class and laboratory sessions. Official valid excuse must be presented no later than a week of absence.

AE 422 Flight Propulsion I 1. Department, Number and Titles of course: Department: Course Number: Course Title: 2. Designation: 3. Catalog Description: Introduction to Brayton cycle. Aerothermodynamics of aerospace vehicle engines, combustion, thrust and efficiency. Gas turbine engines: turbojet, turbofan, turboprop; ramjet and scramjet, typical engine performance. Aerothermodynamics of inlets, combustors and nozzles. Introduction to propellers, turbo-compressors and turbines. Introduction to rockets and performances of rocket vehicle engines. Chemical and electrical driven rocket engines. 4. Prerequisite: Thermodyamics I (ME 203) Fluid Mechanics (ME 311) 5. Textbook and other required material P. Hill and C. Peterson, Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion Systems, Addison-Wesley Publishing Ltd., 1992. Reference texts: Aerospace Propulsion by D. G. Shepherd, American Elsevier Pub. Rocket Propulsion Elements by by G. P. Sutton. Aerothermodynamics of Gas Turbine and Rocket Propulsion by G. C.Oates, AIAA. Propulsion systems by A. N. Hosny, University of South Carolina Press. 6. Course Objectives: 1. To provide students of aerospace engineering with a deep understanding of different propulsion systems used in aircraft and spacecraft. 2. To allow students to study the performance of different propulsion systems and ways to improve them. 3. To enable students to carry out conceptual design of a propulsion system and its components and evaluate its performance. 7. Topics Covered Mechanics and thermodynamics of fluid flow: fundamental equations, thermodynamics of gasses, equilibrium combustion. Thrust and efficiency, thermodynamic cycle, ramjet, turbojet, turbofan, turboprop and turboshaft engines. Subsonic and supersonics inlets, combustors and afterburners, nozzle Axial compressors: work and compression, performance of a single stage and multistage compressor axial compressor, compressor efficiency, degree of reaction, radial equilibrium, design of subsonic axial compressor. Axial turbine stage: stage efficiency, blade cooling, turbine performance, turbine and compressor matching, turbine stage design. Performance of rocket vehicles: static performance, vehicle acceleration, single stage and multistage chemical rockets and electrical rocket vehicles. Chemical rocket thrust chamber: performance characteristics, nozzles, Chemical rocket propellants: liquid propellants, equilibrium composition, liquid propellant combustion chambers, solid propellants, solid propellants combustion chambers, Aerospace Engineering AE 422 Flight Propulsion I Required course

8. Class/Laboratory Schedule 3 lectures per week, 50 minutes each. 9. Contribution of course to Meeting the professional components: The student will analyze different propulsion systems and their components in such away that successful flow behavior can be obtained. The term project will focus on executing numerical analysis of whole propulsion system or part(s) of the system. Also, Students will design and build some basic propulsion systems that demonstrate the thrust concepts. 10. Relationship of Course to program outcomes This course supports the following eight program outcomes out of 13 outcomes required by ABET Criterion 3 for accrediting engineering program. Outcome 1: Students should demonstrate understanding of the different types of air breathing engines used in aircraft. (Objective 2) Outcome 2: Students should demonstrate ability to carry out analysis of propulsion efficiency, cycle performance, rational for various types of turbine engines. (Objective 2) Outcome 3: Students should demonstrate ability to perform the analysis of inlets, burners, nozzles, compressors and turbines in such away that successful flow behavior can be obtained. (Objective 2) Outcome 4: Students should be aware of the different types of rocket propulsion systems (Objective 1) Outcome 5: Students should demonstrate understanding of liquid- and solid-propellant rockets, their combustion chambers and nozzles. (Objective 1) Outcome 6: Enable students to design and execute numerical propulsion analysis and design together with members of a team. (Objective 2) 11. Relationship of Course to program outcomes This course supports 13 outcomes out of 13 AE program outcomes as indicated in the matrix below ( indicates substantial support to the AE program outcomes and indicates moderate support to the AE program outcomes). Course Outcomes 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 12. Prepared by Dr. Abdullah M. Al-Garni, 28/11/1427 (19/12/2006) 2 3 4 5 AE Program Outcomes 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13