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Poland The Country of UNESCO sites

Polish Tourist Organisation ul. Chaubiskiego 8, 00-613 Warszawa tel. +48-22 536 70 70 fax +48-22 536 70 04 e-mail:,

Poland is a country of 1000-year-old history, rich traditions and abundant cultural heritage. The legacy of bygone centuries that includes monuments of architecture, historical mementos and masterpieces of art is perfectly combined with the wealth of Polish nature and its original landscapes. Millions of tourists visit Poland every year. All those who wish to deepen their knowledge of history and see outstanding art pieces are invited to our country in order to admire Polands UNESCO sites entered on the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. The list created by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) distinguishes buildings and sites that constitute the most valuable examples of peoples material culture, products of human genius or unique nature reserves. The states that possess those special sites on their territory are bound to protect them from destruction. Currently, the UNESCO register of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage Sites includes 788 items of which 611 represent such outstanding monuments of culture as the Egyptian pyramids, the Acropolis in Athens, Venice in Italy, and the American Statue of Liberty. The list of the most valuable nature monuments (154 items) comprises, among others, the Yellowstone National Park in the USA. All these sites of international rank and the regions where they are located attract great numbers of tourists. Thanks to its diversity and wealth, the Polish culture enjoys a great interest of the international community and travelers.

Polish Tourist Organisation

Tourist attractions in Krakw Magic City

This historic city with old walls and numerous museums used to be a royal residence and a center of civilization spreading culture all over Poland. Here is the Wawel the seat of Polish kings and the place of their coronations; St Marys Church with its famous alter by Veit Stoss; the Main Market Square the largest medieval town square in Europe; Kazimierz a unique district of Krakw that used to be a separate Jewish town; and the Jagiellonian University the oldest Polands college with its famous Collegium Maius. The Old Town of Krakw has preserved its medieval urban layout. It used to be surrounded by defensive walls that were later replaced by the Planty, a curiously shaped park. Of the old fortifications only a fragment with the Florian Gate, a few towers and the Barbican have remained. The Main Market Square (10 acres) plays a role of Krakws salon. Its embellished by the Cloth Hall, St Marys Church, a tiny St Adalberts Church, the Town Hall Tower and many old houses, each with its own historical genealogy. Almost all sites and buildings that create the unique ambience of Krakw can be found in the streets leading out from the Market Square or located in its closest vicinity: churches, monasteries and convents, palaces, old burgher houses and university buildings. Many museums with valuable collections are also located near the Main Market Square. Thirty-six Krakws museums house over two million objets dart, i.e. of all Polands museum possessions. The Wawel is a special place for Polands statehood its been always a symbol of our countrys glorious past and of the power of former Commonwealth. Very attractive is the Royal Castle that acquired its Renaissance shape in the early 16th century. It shelters precious art collections that include 138 Renaissance tapestries manufactured by weavers of Brussels. A few million tourists who not only admire the city and its historical monuments but also take part in numerous cultural events of international standing visit Krakw every year. They also avail themselves of the services offered by the multitude of top-class hotels, stylish restaurants, cafs and pubs. Wawel tel. +4812 422 51 55 National Museum tel. +4812 295 55 00 Old Theater tel. +4 812 422 85 66 Krakw Opera tel. +4812 628 91 01 +48 12 296 61 00 Krakw Philharmonic tel. +4812 619 87 21 Jewish Culture Center tel. +4812 430 64 49

Historic Center of Krakw

Tourist attractions in the environs

Krakw it tel. +4812 432 01 10 +4812 433 73 10 Niepoomice tel. +4812 281 32 32 Ojcw tel. +4812 389 10 39 +4812 389 20 05 Pieskowa Skaa tel. +4812 389 60 04 Tyniec tel. +4812 688 54 52


Tourist attractions in the environs

Wieliczka tel. +48 12 278 73 02 Bochnia tel. +48 14 612 43 15 +48 14 615 36 36 Dobczyce tel. +48 12 372 17 00 +48 12 372 17 01 Nowy Winicz tel. +48 14 612-85-89 Rabka Zdrj tel. +48 267 02 10 Tarnw tel. +4814 688 90 90

The Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum and Memorial is visited by great numbers of pilgrims from all over the world. Many heads of state on official visits to Poland come here to pay homage to the victims of Nazi genocide. The March of the Living event organized here every year is a symbol of international reconciliation.

Genocide Commemorated
The scene of martyrdom of millions of people during World War II. The largest Nazi concentration camp in Germanoccupied Europe. Here the Germans were carrying out their genocidal plan of exterminating the whole nations, mainly Jews and Poles. The number of victims is difficult to establish. Most probably about 1,100,000 people of 28 nationalities perished in the Auschwitz-Birkenau camps; the majority of them were Jews brought from different countries. The concentration camp named Auschwitz I was established in April 1940 on the outskirts of Owicim. The first transports came in June of the same year. After entering the site through the camp gate with the inscription Arbeit Macht Frei (Work Makes Free), the visitors tour prison blocks in which an exhibition of the Auschwitz- Birkenau State Museum was arranged. The display contains evidence of the genocide, including personal items taken from the victims as well as photographs and documents. The main extermination center and the worlds largest cemetery, Birkenau, was built in the suburbs of Owicim in 1942. Some barracks and ruins of the crematoria and gas chambers can be seen there today. The International Camp Victims Memorial was unveiled in 1967 to commemorate the murdered people.

Salty Treasure
One of Europes oldest industrial enterprises in continuous operation since the 13th century. The countrys great resource of wealth for centuries, it is now considered to be one of the best-known and most willingly visited tourist attractions in Poland. Seven hundred years of uninterrupted exploitation of the local rock salt deposits resulted in the creation of a labyrinth of chambers (2000) and tunnels, about 300 kilometers in length, distributed over nine levels, the deepest being 327 meters underground. The tourist route is 3.5 kilometers long and leads through over twenty chambers and chapels. Beautifully decorated chapels, charming underground lakes and well-preserved traces of mining operations give visitors a good idea of how the mine had functioned throughout ages. The miners of Wieliczka have adorned that eerie world of pits and chambers, all hewn out by hand from solid salt, with statues, monuments and basreliefs. The underground chambers of the Wieliczka Salt Mine host a number of different events, including conferences, banquets, weddings, New-Years balls, sports contests, miners orchestra concerts, and shows of carving in salt. Deep in the mine, a unique, underground sanatorium has been established, where chronic allergic diseases are treated. Theres a Salt Mine Museum in the local castle near the mine, which has exhibits on the archaeology and history of the region. Part of its permanent collections is displayed in the underground rooms and in the castle chambers. The exhibition includes unique mining machinery and facilities used for vertical and horizontal transportation of salt. There is also a display of handiworks related to the mines past made by artisans. The easiest way of getting to Wieliczka from Krakws center is by suburban train or minibus.

Tourist attractions in the environs

Auschwitz-Birkenau tel. +4833 844 81 00 Cieszyn tel. +4833 479 42 40 Promnice tel. +4832 219 46 78 Pszczyna tel. +4832 210 30 37 Tarnowskie Gry tel. +4 832 285 49 96 Zabrze tel. +4832 271 88 31


Auschwitz Concentration Camp


Wieliczka Salt Mine

Tourist attractions in the environs

Warsaw it tel. +4822 194 31 Putusk www.dompolonii. tel. +4823 692 90 00

Like a Phoenix Rising from the Ashes

The historic center of Warsaw constitutes an exception on UNESCOs World Cultural Heritage List. Its the only urban complex almost entirely reconstructed after the WWII total destruction. The careful reconstruction was so accurate that the international community demonstrated its great appreciation through putting the historic city center of Warsaw on the list of the unique world heritage sites. The contemporary Warsaw is a big city, Polands capital and its cultural, scientific, educational and tourist center. It is also the seat of many important financial institutions and big companies. The small medieval settlement quickly developed to acquire its municipal rights in the early 14th century. Located upon the Vistula, an important transportation route, Warsaw was growing fast in importance and size. It was soon surrounded by defensive walls and the first brick houses were erected in the 14th century. In the early 17th century, the Warsaw castle became the seat of King Zygmunt III Waza, who just at that time transferred the countrys capital from Krakw to Warsaw. It was also at that time that the Old Town was greatly reshaped and connected with the New Town. Thus, the citys development continued outside its defensive walls. World War II brought total destruction to the oldest part of the city. Other quarters of Polands capital also lay in ruins. The reconstruction of the city took several years, and the rebuilding of the Royal Castle started only in 1971. Due to the effort and skill of our architects and conservators as well as to the flow of time, today tourists are not able to distinguish original fragments of the historic buildings from the reconstructed ones. The charming Old Town streets lead to the Market Square where artists display their works. Here visitors can enjoy a meal or a cup of coffee in one of the numerous restaurant gardens or cafs. The upper floors of many houses are occupied by stylish restaurants, art galleries, antique and souvenir shops. Worth a visit are richly adorned churches and interesting museums. The Royal Castle is a real trove of national mementos; its interiors are beautifully decorated and contain many works of art by the most famous European and Polish artists. Very popular is the nearby Krakowskie Przedmiecie Street, the favorite meeting place and strolling area for Varsovians and tourists.

Nieborw tel. +4846 838 56 35 elazowa Wola tel. +48 46 863 33 00 owicz tel. +4846 837 39 28 Czerwisk nad Wis www.czerwinsk. tel. +4824 231 50 35

Historic Center of Warsaw

Tourist attractions in Warsaw

Royal Castle tel. +4822 355 51 70 Royal azienki Park tel. +4822 50 60 101 Wilanw Palace tel. +4822 842 25 09 National Museum tel. +4822 621 10 31 Warsaw Uprising Museum tel. +4822 539 79 05


Tourist attractions in the environs

Toru it tel. +4856 621 09 31 Biskupin tel. +4852 302 50 25 Bydgoszcz tel. +4852 585 87 02 Chemno tel. +4856 686 21 04 Ciechocinek tel. +4854 416 10 60 Golub-Dobrzy tel. +4856 683 24 55

The Pearl of the Renaissance

This town was built by will and brain of Jan Zamoyski, chancellor and commander-in-chief of the Crown, who intended to create a perfect city and a residence adequate to his position in the state. Zamo was designed to outshine the royal residence of Krakw that Jan Zamoyski greatly disliked. The whole project, including the construction of the town that was also a mighty fortress, was carried out within twenty years (1580-1600). For his great plan, Zamoyski commissioned an Italian architect from Padua, Bernardo Morando, who became the author of all important buildings such as the palace, arsenal, collegiate church, town hall, and burgher houses in the market square. Zamo is a unique urban and architectural complex, quite close to the idea of a perfect city. It is often referred to as the Pearl of the Renaissance as it features buildings of great beauty and historical value. The Old Town Square is dominated by a lofty town hall and lined with arcaded burgher houses. Some of them are richly decorated and those belonged to Armenian merchants. The mighty basilica contains outstanding art pieces. The Zamoyski Palace and the Academy, adapted to their current functions, have lost a lot of their former splendor. Very impressive are the former fortifications, in places seven meter thick, that surround the Old Town complex. The Old Town of Zamo is on UNESCOs World Cultural Heritage List. Tourists are attracted to Zamo by its historical monuments, peaceful ambience, cultural events, art galleries and comfortable accommodations. Its location in southeastern Poland, far away from the main tourist routes, ensures true rest and relaxation. The attractiveness of its location is much enhanced by the picturesque Roztocze landscape, a real pearl of nature that is found in the neighborhood. Not far from Zamo is Lublin, a city known for the multitude of historical monuments.

Town of Nicolaus Copernicus

Thanks to the great astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus and to the flavor of the famous Torunian gingerbread as well as to the charm and character of one of Europes most beautiful old towns, Toru is a city widely known in Poland and also far beyond its borders. Torus historic core, represented by its well preserved complex of medieval architecture and the original urban layout, was included on UNESCOs World Heritage List in 1997. A wealthy Hanseatic port, Toru was one of the most important trade and cultural centers in this part of Europe. It still possesses magnificent Gothic buildings that testify to the citys past splendor: one of the most imposing old town halls in northern Europe, today occupied by the regional museum featuring valuable collections, the mighty Cathedral of SS John the Baptist and John the Evangelist with original interiors, St James Church with Gothic murals and spectacular stellar vaults, St Marys Church with richly adorned interiors of great historical value. There are several eye-catching burgher houses with the superbly decorated House under the Star and the fine brick Gothic house where the astronomer was born, now housing the Museum of Copernicus. The medieval old town complex of Toru includes ruins of the Teutonic Knights castle, gates and towers of the long defensive city walls once protecting Toru from the Vistula side as well as many other buildings dating back to medieval times. Modern Toru is a quickly developing large academic center with its Nicolaus Copernicus University and the city that hosts a great number of attractive artistic events. One of the many Torus tourist attractions is the Planetarium equipped with a high-tech auditorium and presenting diverse shows several times daily.

Tourist attractions in the environs

Zamo it tel. +4884 639 22 92 Chem tel. +4882 565 20 70 Lublin tel. +4881 532 44 12 Sandomierz tel. +4815 644 01 00 Zwierzyniec tel. +4884 687 20 66


Medieval Town of Toru


Old City of Zamo

Tourist attractions in the environs

Malbork it tel. +4855 647 08 00

Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork

Gdask tel. +4858 306 38 65 Gdynia tel. +4858 622 37 66 Frombork tel. +4855 244 00 75 Elblg Canal tel. +4889 646 38 71 tel. +4855 232 43 07 Pelplin tel. +4858 536 12 61 Sopot tel. +4858 521 37 50

Jerusalem Served as Example

One of Polands major pilgrimage destinations as well as one of the most beautiful Calvary complexes in Europe, the little town of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is set amidst hills about 30 kilometers south-west from Krakw. The whole complex of chapels was built over the surrounding hills in the picturesque landscape of the Beskid Makowski. They all form the Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Religious and Landscape Park registered on UNESCOs World Cultural Heritage List. The town owes its existence and subsequent fame to the Palatine of Krakw, Mikoaj Zebrzydowski, who in 1600 commissioned the church and monastery for the Bernardine Order as well as a complex of chapels similar to the Calvary in Jerusalem. He trusted the construction of the whole to the Flemish architect Paul Baudarth. The monastery with the Marian Sanctuary was erected in the late baroque style with some rococo decorations, adorned with cloisters and featuring mannerist wall paintings and precious canvases in its interiors. With time more chapels were erected, eventually reaching 42 buildings, all set in the natural landscape and featuring the famous Calvary avenues. It takes about four hours to cover the whole trail of six kilometers. The Marian chapel in the shape of a heart, Pilates Praetorium, and Our Ladys Tomb with its sarcophagus are the most spectacular edifices. Every year thousands of pilgrims and tourists flock to Kalwaria Zebrzydowska. Famous church fairs combined with processions and the Passion plays attract throngs of people. The little town of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska has other noteworthy historical monuments: the castle complex, old houses with church fair stands and hermitages. Its a convenient starting point for hikers who wish to enjoy interesting trails crisscrossing the Beskidy Mountain Range. Another place worth a visit from Kalwaria is Wadowice, birthplace of John Paul II who was often coming to the shrine as a pilgrim.

Unconquerable Fortress
The Malbork castle is the mightiest fortress of medieval Europe. The immense castle was started in the 13th century and built by the Teutonic Knights in stages. During the next century, when Malbork became the capital of the orders large state, the fortress was expanded considerably through adding to it the Great Refectory and the Grand Masters Palace. Very impressive are the red brick walls of the Middle and High Castles as well as the belt of defensive walls with their towers and gates. Visitors can admire the ingeniousness of medieval master-builders while viewing the clever system of central heating, very rare in the medieval times. The castles enormous size is best appraised from the Nogat River side, but also during the tour of the complex one cannot stop admiring the majestic beauty of the stronghold and its remarkable power. The Castle Museum offers many attractions to visitors, including a number of exhibitions with old weapons, amber, porcelain and faence, and articles of artistic handicrafts. Very popular with tourists are the son et lumire spectacles staged in the evening in the castle courtyards as well as nocturne tours of the castle interiors. The castle chambers often host music concerts and medieval style banquets. In recent years, a great historical event entitled The Siege of Malbork is organized during the last weekend of July. Malbork is the member of the Polish Gothic Castles Association that represents historical buildings located in eight other cities of the region.

Tourist attractions in the environs

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska tel. +4833 876 53 01 ywiec Beskid range tel. +4 833 819 00 50 Sucha Beskidzka tel. +4833 874 23 41 Wadowice tel. +4833 873 23 65 Zawoja tel. +4833 877 55 33



Kalwaria Zebrzydowska
Kalwaria Jawor Zebrzydowska


Attractions in the environs

Churches of Peace in Jawor and widnica

Jawor tel. +4876 870 33 71 widnica tel. +4874 852 28 14 Wrocaw tel. +4 871 344 31 11 Ksi tel. +4874 644 38 52

Beauty in Timber Enclosed

This southeastern region of Poland features medium-size mountains and picturesque landscapes. Here we find wooden Orthodox and Roman- Catholic churches perfectly fitted into their natural environment. Some of these churches are several hundred years old and six were entered on UNESCOs World Cultural Heritage List. None of them were designed by famous architects. Simple carpenters constructed them all. The oldest one is the 15th-century church in Haczw, made of fir-wood and covered with shingles. Fragments of wall paintings were uncovered in the church interiors. Of great value is the shingle-roofed church in Blizne. Erected at the turn of the 15th century, it also contains fragments of Gothic and Renaissance wall paintings. The harmonious silhouette of the church at Skowa has an original, spiry roof. The church at Binarowa boasts a very precious wall painting depicting scenes from the New Testament and a carved in wood figure of Madonna from the 14th century. Many unique paintings, sculptures and artistic handiworks can be admired in the 15th-century church at Dbno. The interior decorations of the church at Lipnica Murowana include precious wall paintings as well as baroque paintings and sculptures. The six trails on the Route of Timber Architecture in the Maopolska region are over 1500 kilometers long. They feature 232 timber constructions of great value, including 123 Roman-Catholic churches, 39 Orthodox churches, 25 rural and small town complexes, and 27 rural architecture museums that comprise 9 skansens and 14 country manors. The Route of Timber Architecture in the Maopolska region is a new tourist offer that presents the most beautiful examples of timber architecture in Poland.

Temples with a Message

Their architectural value is much less important than the message that they carry. Both Protestant half-timber churches were erected in the mid-17th century, following the end of the Thirty Years War that ravaged large parts of Europe. Signing the Peace Treaty of Westphalia (1648), the emperor of Austria let the Protestants of Lower Silesia erect three churches of peace. They were to commemorate the end of the devastating war and religious conflicts. Both temples were not supposed to be reminiscent of traditional churches. They were to be constructed with the use of low quality materials and located within the range of a cannonball from the city walls. And this is how two Europes biggest wood-and-clay shingled constructions were built, each seating a few thousand people. With modestly looking outside walls, they both have rich baroque decorations inside. The Church of Peace in widnica is located on the old Protestant cemetery, away from the oldest part of the city. The paintings that cover the walls and ceiling depict visions of St John Evangelist described in his Apocalypse. They also represent coats-of-arms of the most prominent members of the church community as well as views of the local towns and residences. The Church of Peace in Jawor (30 km from widnica) is also richly decorated with 180 paintings representing scenes from the Old and New Testaments as well as coats-of-arms belonging to different families and guilds. Both towns boast rich historical heritage. In the Middle Ages, widnica was the capital of an independent principality. Tourists willingly visit historical monuments grouped within the oldest quarters of both towns.

Tourist attractions in the environs

Nowy Scz it http://szlak. tel. + 4818 444 24 22 Bbrka tel. +4813 433 34 89 Krynica Zdrj tel. +4818 471 21 90 Niedzica tel. +4818 262 93 83 Szczawnica tel. + 4818 262 23 32 Zakopane tel. +4818 201 22 11

Jawor widnica


Wooden Churches of Southern Maopolska

Binarowa Blizne Dbno Podchalaskie Haczw Lipnica Murowana Skowa


Tourist attractions in the environs

Biaowieski National Park tel. +4885 681 23 06 Biaystok tel. + 4885 732 68 31 Hajnwka tel. +4885 682 27 85 Grabarka tel. +4885 655 00 10 Tykocin tel. +4885 718 16 27 Kruszyniany tel. +4885 732 68 31

Miracle of Nature
The Biaowiea Forest is a symbol of Polands natural wealth and diversity. The international experts recognized its unique value and the Biaowiea National Park was included on UNESCOs World Heritage List as well as on UNESCOs List of World Biosphere Reserves. This large expanse of natural forest is located on the countrys eastern border and distributed roughly evenly between Poland and Belarus. The Belarusian part is also on UNESCOs World Heritage List. Its the last original lowland forest in Europe, and retains much of its primeval landscape and plant and animal life. The Biaowiea Forest, in parts swampy, is covered with mixed forests untouched by man, with oak, hornbeam, spruce and pine being the predominant species. The most valuable fragments of nature are protected and enclosed within the boundaries of the Biaowiea National Park, half of which constitutes a strict nature reserve. The strict nature reserve can only be entered with a guide and toured on foot along signposted trails or more comfortably, by horse-drawn cart. Other national park places of interest include the Palace Park, the Natural History Museum, and the Bison Reserve where the animals of rare forest species are kept in large enclosures. The greatest attraction of this part is the bison herd, part of which is free to roam the neighboring forest area. Approximately 100,000 tourists come to the Biaowiea Forest each year. Most of them find accommodations in the little village of Biaowiea that is well-prepared to host visitors as well as participants of various conferences and incentives. The village is located in the very heart of the Biaowiea Forest. The Biaowiea region has many other attractions to offer. They include original borderland landscapes, multicultural heritage, little-known but fascinating folklore, and timber architecture of particular beauty.

Landscape Formation
Occupying more than 1700 acres, its one of the largest landscape parks in Europe. It stretches on both sides of the Nysa uycka River that constitutes the Polish-German state border. The larger part of the park (over 1200 acres) is located on the Polish side, while the German part occupies the neighborhood of Bad Muskau (Muakw). Prince Hermann Pckler-Muskau, the leading expert and father of German landscape parks, founded the park in the early 19th century. Inspired by English gardens, he transformed his family residence into unusual parkland. It was skillfully arranged in the natural valley with the residential buildings erected on diverse slopes and high terraces, all surrounded by gardens featuring rich architectural and floral details. The well-known architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel designed some buildings. Other artists and planners also contributed to the final result of the project. The group included the painter August Schirmer and the English landscape designer John Adey Repton. In order to create picturesque park scenery, an artificial river branch was created. Thanks to the careful preservation of the original parkland by the subsequent owners such as for example Prince Frederick of the Netherlands, the Muskauer landscape retained its original character. After WWII, the new Polish-German state border divided the Muakw/Muskauer Landscape Park into two parts. The Polish and German authorities started the renewal program in the 1980s. This project has become a unique example of fruitful bilateral cooperation in the field of protection and conservation of cultural landscape.

Tourist attractions in the environs

knica tel. +4868 362 41 82 Brody tel. +4868 371 21 55 Kliczkw tel. +4875 734 07 00 Ochla www.muzeum-etnog. tel. +4868 321 15 91 Zielona Gra tel. +4868 323 22 22 aga tel. +4868 477 10 90



Muakw/Muskauer Park
Park Muakowski

Biaowiea Forest


Polish sites on the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List
Interesting sites in Wrocaws environs
Wrocaw tel. +4871 344 31 11 tel. +4871 347 50 09 Aula Leopoldinum tel. +4871 375 26 18 Racawice Panorama tel. +4871 34 4 16 61 Lubi tel. +4871 389 71 66 Milickie Ponds tel. +4871 383 00 35 Ksi Castle tel. +4874 664 38 50 Mount la tel. +4871 31 62 043 Contens

page tel. +4812 432 01 10 ___________________________ 2 tel. +4812 278 73 02 ____________________________4 tel. +4833 843 20 22 ___________________________ 5 tel. +4822 194 31 ______________________________6 tel. +4884 639 22 92 ____________________________8 tel. +4856 621 09 31 ____________________________9 tel. +4855 674 08 00 ___________________________10 tel. +4833 876 53 01 ___________________________11 ____________________________________________12 ____________________________________________13 tel. +4885 681 29 01 ___________________________14 tel. +4868 362 47 17 ___________________________15 tel. +4871 347 51 20 ___________________________16

The Centenary Hall (Hala Ludowa) in Wrocaw

Historic center of Krakw _____________________________________________ Wieliczka Salt Mine ________________________________________________ Auschwitz Concentration Camp Historic center of Warsaw _________________________________________ Old City of Zamo Medieval Town of Toru ______________________________________________ Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork Kalwaria Zebrzydowska baroque pilgrimage complex _________________ Churches of Peace in Jawor and widnica, Wooden churches of Southern Little Poland ___________________________ Biaowiea Forest _________________________________________________ Muakowski/Muskauer Park __________________________________________ The Centenary Hall (Hala Ludowa) in Wrocaw ______________________

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The harmony of functionality, material and form

For the sake of its unusual construction, the Centenary Hall in Wrocaw is recognized as one of the mostst outstanding structures of the 20th-century architecture worldwide. Entered on UNESCO World Heritage List in 2006, the Centenary Hall combines functional values with symbolic meanings. This pioneering work of modern engineering and architecture was designed by the city architect Max Berg, who successfully combined its functionality with material and form. The reinforced concrete was used as the basic construction material, in many cases shaped into spectacular and very complex forms. The Centenary Hall is one of the largest reinforced concrete public buildings in the world. The construction works were completed in 1912, but the hall was inaugurated in 1913 to celebrate the centenary of the liberation of Wrocaw from the Napoleons army that was defeated during the famous battle of the nations near Leipzig in 1813. The 42-meter-high and 95-meter-large hall is topped with a huge, unsupported dome, 67 meters in diameter, regarded as a great achievement in its day. Up to the present time, the hall underwent only a few minor adaptation works that did not affect much its original character. On the contrary, they considerably added to its present-day funcionality. Today the hall that can seat up to seven thousand spectators hosts big shows, sports events, fairs and congresses. During the last few years, the Centenary Hall in Wrocaw offered its hospitality facilities to the organizers of monumental opera shows that attract music lovers from all over Europe.
AUSTRIA BELGIUM FRANCE GERMANY GREAT BRITAIN HOLLAND HUNGARY ITALY JAPAN SPAIN RUSSIA SWEDEN USA UKRAINE Vienna Brussels Paris Berlin London Amsterdam Budapest Rome Tokyo Madrid Moscow Stockholm New York Kiev tel. +(43-1) 524 71 91 12 tel. +(32-2) 740 06 20 tel. +(33-1) 42 44 29 92 tel. +(49-30) 21 00 920 tel. +(44-0) 300 303 1812 tel. +(31-20) 625 35 70 tel. +(36-1) 269 78 09 tel. +(39-06) 482 70 60 tel. +(81) 3-5908-3808 tel. +(34-91) 541 48 08 tel. +(7-495) 510 62 10 tel. +(46-8) 21 60 75 tel. +(1-201) 420 99 10 tel. +(38-044) 278 67 28 fax 524 71 91 20 fax 742 37 35 fax 42 97 52 25 fax 21 00 92 14 fax 300 303 1814 fax 623 09 29 fax 269 78 10 fax 481 75 69 fax 3-5908-3809 fax 541 34 23 fax 510 62 11 fax 21-04-65 fax 584 91 53 fax 278 66 70


Publisher: Polska Organizacja Turystyczna / Polish Tourist Organisation 00-613 Warszawa, ul. Chaubiskiego 8, tel. +48-22 536 70 70, fax +48-22 536 70 04, e-mail:, Editor: ; Text: J. Wysokiski; Translation: J. K. Milencki; Photographs: F. Grzywacz, G. Kosiski, T. Kosiski, A. Olej / K. Kobus, W., Z. Panw, D. Zard, Z. yburtowicz, East News, Agora, POT Archives