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Computer Programming Skills MathCad Solution by DF Sozinando

Student at the Vaal University of


Technology
*The semicylindrical shell of mass m and radius r is rolled through an angle by the horizontal
force P applied to its rim. If the coeficient of friction is
s
, determine the angle at which the
shell slips on the horizontal surfuce as P is gradually increased. What value of
s
will permit to
reach 90
o
and plot the graph to investigate the coefficient of friction when change the angle
0 s 90 s .

TIP:
1. Redraw the figure and O is the point of coordinates (0,0). It is essential to draw the OX ,
OY cartesians axes and negligible OZ axes. D is the center of the full circle D will thus be
vertically aligned with O. D is a point of coordinates (0,r). G is the centre of gravity of half
circle, with coordinates.
2. Normal force used for the frictional force is mg-P; multiplying density and volume results
into the mass.
Solution:
Computer Programming Skills MathCad Solution by DF Sozinando
Student at the Vaal University of
Technology
1. Force direction of the respective points:
a
4 r
3
= from semi-circular Area Centre of Gravi ty
A
r - cos ( )
r r sin ( ) +
0
|

\
|
|
|
.
= B
r cos ( )
r r sin ( ) -
0
|

\
|
|
|
.
= D
0
r
0
|

\
|
|
|
.
= G
4 - r
3
sin ( )
r
4 r
3
cos ( ) -
0
|

\
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
=
2. Developing Equation of horizontal equilibrium (Deriving an expression for P):
Horizontal Forces: P F

- 0 = F

m g ( ) = m

2
r
2
t =
P

2
r
2
t g
|

\
|
|
.
- 0 = solve for P it's will be:
P
g r
2
t
2
=
3. Equation Equilibrium of moments about O (Deriving an expression for P):
symbolic evalueting this
equation its will be:
r - cos ( )
r r sin ( ) +
0
|

\
|
|
|
.
P
0
0
|

\
|
|
|
.

4 - r
3
sin ( )
r
4 r
3
cos ( ) -
0
|

\
|
|
|
|
|
|
.
0

2
- r
2
t g
0
|

\
|
|
|
|
|
.
+
2 g r
3
t sin ( )
3
P r r sin ( ) + ( ) - 0 = solve for P its will be:
P
2 g r
2
t sin ( )
3 sin ( ) 3 +
=
Computer Programming Skills MathCad Solution by DF Sozinando
Student at the Vaal University of
Technology
4. Deriving an expression for coefficient of friction as a funtion of angle:
P
static
P
kinematic
=
g r
2
t
2
2 g r
2
t sin ( )
3 sin ( ) 3 +
= solve for it's will be:
( )
4 sin ( )
3 sin ( ) 3 + ( )
:=
90deg ( ) 0.212 =
0 20 40 60 80
0
0.1
0.2
( )

deg