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# Analog Communications

1.A 10KW transmitter is modulated to 80% the average side band power will be
a) 180KW
b) 8KW
c) 3.2 KW
d) 1.21 KW

2.In square law modulator, the carrier frequency should be at least - times the highest
modulating frequency.
a) One
b) Two
c) Three
d) Four

3Spectrum of NBFM contains
a) 2 spectral ines
b) 3 spectral ines
c) Infinite
d) None

4.Match the following:
List 1 List - 2
P. AM system 1.Envelope Detector
Q. DSB-SC system 2. Coherent Detector
R. SSB system 3.Hilbert transform
a)P-1; Q-2; R-3
b)P-2; Q-1; R-3
c)P-3; Q-2; R-1
d)None

5.Match the following
List-I
(Type of system)
List-II
(Required transmission Band width
fm= modulating signal highest
frequency)
P. AM 1. 2fm
Q. SSB 2. fm
R. VSB 3. > fm
a)P-1; Q-2; R-3
b)P-1; Q-3; R-2
c)P-3; Q-2; R-1
d)None

6.Match the following
List-I List-II
P.Full AM 1. Power of VSB

Q. DSB-SC
2. Power of Carrier + Power of USB
+ Power of LSB

R. SSB-SC
3. Power of USB
+ Power of LSB
a) P-2; Q-3; R-1
b) P-1; Q-2; R-3
c) P-3; Q-3; R-1
d) P-3; Q-2; R-1
Analog Communications

7.Match the following
List I List - II
P. AM 1. Sinc t+ cosct cosmt
Q. FM 2. Cos(ct+ cosmt)
R. NBFM 3. Sinct+Cosct sinmt
a)P-1; Q-2; R-3
b)P-1; Q-3; R-2
c)P-3; Q-1; R-2
d)P-3; Q-2; R-1

8.M1: modulation index for over modulation
M2: modulation index for under modulation
M3: modulation index for critical modulation
a)M3 = M2 = M1
b) M2<M1<M2
c)M3<M2<M1
d) M2<M3<M1

Determine the correctness or otherwise of the following Assertion (a) and the reason(r)
9.Assertion: If the modulation index of Fm increased, the Band width required also
Increases
Reason : In Fm the information is stored in amplitude of the carrier
a) Both (a) and (r) are true and (r)is the correct reason for (a)
b) Both (a) and (r) are true and (r) is not the correct reason for (a)
c) Both (a) and (r) are false
d) (a) is true but (r) is false

10.Assertion: the transmission bandwidth of VSB is more than full AM
Reason : Power of the AM is proportional to the modulating frequency.
a) Both (a) and (r) are true and (r)is the correct reason for (a)
b) Both (a) and (r) are true and (r) is not the correct reason for (a)
c) Both (a) and (r)are false
d) (a) is true but (r) is false

11.An FM wave is 100% modulated by 10KHZ signal. The transmission BW required is
a) 170KHZ
b) 20khz
c) 7.5KHZ
d) 75 KHZ

12.The video bandwidth as per the TV standard adapted by India is
a) 4.2MHZ
b) 5MHZ
c) 6MHZ
d) 88MHZ

13.In FM if modulation index is increased
a) Power increased : Band width increased
b) Power increased : band with decreased
c) Power constant : bandwidth increased
d) Power increased : bandwidth constant.

14.The Units of frequency sensitivity in FM

a) Hz/Volts
b) Hz
c) Volts
Analog Communications

d) Volts / Hz
If 5 cos 2000tt is frequency modulated by 20sin 200tt with frequency sensitivity 1KHZ
per volts Answer the following question

15.What is the output power
a) 25W
b) 12.5W
c) 10W
d) none

16.The frequency deviation
a) 20KHZ
b) 5KHZ
c) 0.01KHZ
d) None

17.The modulation index
a) 20
b) 200
c) 2000
d) None

18.The BW from carsonrule and center frequency are
a) 10.1KHZ: 100HZ
b). 20.2 KHZ; 200HZ
c). 40.2HZ; 1000HZ
d). None

19.Match the following
LIST I LIST II
1. BW of FM P. Independent of amplitude of carrier
signal
2. Power of FM Q. Intinite
3. Modulation index of AM R. Independent of modulation index
4. Modulation index of FM S. Contains three frequency components
5. spectrum of AM T. Less than or equal to 1

a) 1-R; 2-Q; 3-P; 4-S; 5-T
b) 1-Q; 2-R; 3-P; 4-T; 5-S
c) 1-Q; 2-R; 3-T; 4-P; 5-S
d) None

Determine the correction ness or other wises of the following assertion (a) and the reason (r)
20.Assertion (a) : The Band width of FM is Infmite (Theoretically)
Reason (r) : he modulation index of FM is always greater than one
.
a) Both [a] and [r] are true and [r] is the correct reason for [a]
b) Both [a] and [r] are true and [r] is not the correct reason for [a]
c) Both [a] and [r] are false
d)[a] is true but [r] is false.

21.The modulation index of an Am wave is changed from 0 to 1. The transmitted power is
a) Unchanged
b) Halved
c) Doubled
d) Increase by 50 percent

22.A carrier of a 100 percent modulated AM wave is suppressed, the percentage power
saving will be
Analog Communications

a) 50
b) 150
c) 100
d) 6666

23.The bandwidth required for AM for a modulating frequency with maximum frequency
fm
a) f
m

b) 2fm
c) 4fm
d) 10 KHZ

24.The efficiency of amplitude modulation with 100% modulation
a) 33.3%
b) 66.6%
d) 25%
d) 50%

25.The efficiency of amplitude modulation with 50% modulation
a) 11.1%
b) 33.3%
c) 66.6%
d) None

26.Bandwidth required for DSB-SC is
a) 2fm
b) fm
c) 4fm
d) fm/2

27.In order to recover the message in an envelop detector is AM
a) Modulation percentage should be less than 100%
b) Modulation percentage should be more than 100%
c) Modulation percentage should be less than 50%
d) None

28.The medium wave band in AM the range used for broadcasting
a) 540 KHZ-1640KHZ
b) 500 MHZ-1640 MHZ
c) 88 MHZ-108 MHZ
d) None

29.Short wave band in AM broadcasting is
a) 3 MHZ-30 MHZ
b) 540 KHZ-1640 KHZ
c) 88M 108 MHZ
d) None

30.The BW required for SSB is
a) fm
b) 2fm
c) Infinite
d) None

31.When carrier frequency is doubled, then what is the change in total power required to
transmil the AM signal
a) Doubled
b) Halved
c) No change
d) None
Analog Communications

32.The modulation index of an AM wave is changed from 0 to 1, then the transmitted power
a) Doubled
b) Halved
c) No change
d) None

33.A carrier is simultaneously modulated by two sinewaves with a modulation indices of 0.3
and 0.4, then the total modulation index is
a) 1
b) 0
c) 0.5
d) 0.7

34.What is the ratio of modulating power to the total power at 100% modulation
a) 1/3
b) 1/2
c) 2/3
d) None

35.An SSB-SC requires a power of 2W, and what is the power required for DSB-SC?
a) 1W
b) 2W
c) 3W
d) 4W

36.Which of the following module can be used to generate the DSB -SC signal
a) Balanced modulator
b) Ring modulator
c) Both
d) None

37.Square law demodulator is to used detect the message signal from _________signal
a) DBS-SC
b) SSB SC
c) Conventional AM
d) None

38.Mathematical representation of DSB SC is given by
a) Ac m(t) cos w
c
t
b) Ac
2
cosw
c
t
c) m
2
(t) cos w
c
t
d) None

39.The relation between slope of capacitor voltage and slope of envelope at an instant of
time t is
a) only greater than
b) only less than
c) equal
d) None
40.In an envelope detector, the time constant Rc can be given by
a)
2
1
1
a
a
m
m
m
W
RC

>
b)
2
1
a
a
m
m
m
W RC

>
c)
a m
a
m W
m
RC
2
1 1
>
d) None
Analog Communications

41.Which of the following expression represents the SSB SC signal
a) m(t) cos w
c
t - m (t) sin w
c
t
b) m(t) sin w
c
t - m(t) cos w
c
t
c) m (t) cos w
c
t - m(t) sin w
c
t
d) m (t) sin w
c
t - m(t) cos w
c
t

42.Which of following module is used for generation of SSB SC signal
a) Phase shift method
b) Filter method
c) Weavers method
d) All

43.To provide a 90
o
phase shift which of the following is adapted
a) Fourier transform
b) Laplace transform
c) Hilbert transform
d) All

44.Maximum power that the side bands can have in AM signal is (P
c
is carrier Power)
a) P
c

b) 0.5 P
c

c) 1.5 P
c

d) 2 P
c

45.The amount of power saving in AM-SSB-SC over AM DSB-SC is
a) 50%
b) 66.6%
c) 81%
d) 75%

46.VSB modulation is used in
a) sending video in TV transmission
b) sending audio in TV transmission
d) None

47.Product modulator is used in
a) AM-FC
b) DSB-SC
c) FM
d) None

48.The power in the side bands in an amplitude modulated wave is given by
a)
4
2
m
Pc
b)
2
2
m
Pc
c) Pc
d) None

49.The base band signal bandwidth for video is
a) 0 to 5 MHZ
b) 0 to 5 KHZ
c) 2.5 KHZ 5 KHZ
d) None

Analog Communications

50.Which of the following comes under angle modulation
a) FM
b) Full AM
c) DSB SC
d) None

51.Indirect method is used to generate FM
a) At larger Bandwidth
b) At smaller frequency deviations
c) At larger carrier amplitude
d) None

52.Direct method of FM Generation suffers from less stability because
a) Crystal oscillator is used as carrier source
b) Crystal oscillator is not used as carrier source
c) VCO is used
d) None

53.Pre-emphasis is used
a) After modulation
b) Prior to modulation
c) To boost lower frequency
d) None

54.De-emphasis is used
a) To boost higher audio frequency
b) To boost lower audio frequency
c) To reduce the amplitude of higher audio frequency
d) None

55.In FM, if the amplitude of the modulating voltage is doubled, the rate of deviation of
carrier frequency
a) Doubles
b) Becomes Four Times
c) Becomes half
d) Remain unaltered

56.In FM following is true
a) Envelop is constant
b) Carrier power is constant
c) Both a & b true
d) None

57.Phase deviation in PM is
a) K
p
E
m

b) K
f
E
m
c)
}

t
a
p
Emdt K
d) None

58.Frequency deviation is
a) proportional to Amplitude of the modulating signal
b) proportional to Frequency of the modulating signal
c) Inversely proportional to Amplitude of the modulating signal
d) Inversely proportional to Frequency of the modulating signal

59.The FM Band width for f
d
= 75KHZ, fm 5 KHZ is
a) 160KHZ
Analog Communications

b) 80KHZ
c) 70KHZ
d) None of these

60.Deviation ratio is defined as
a)
max
max
f
f
d

b)
1
max
m
d
f
f

c)
max
d
m
f
f

d) None

61.In an FM the rate at which frequency changes is depends on the
a) Amplitude of the message Signal
b) Frequency Message Signal
c) Both
d) None

62.The relation between frequency deviation and modulating frequency is
a) Directly Proportional
b) Inversly Proportional
c) Independent
d) None

63.In FM generation, which of the following statement is correct?
a) Reactance varied by voltage and frequency
b) Reactance varied by voltage only
c) Voltage varied by reactance and frequency
d) Voltage varied by only reactance
64.The figure of merit
b
o
N
S
N
S
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
0
for DSB is
a) 1
b) 2
c)
2
2
1 a
a
+

d) None
65.The figure of merit for SSB is
a) 1
b) 2
c)
mn
mn
P a
P a
2
2
1+

d) None

66.The figure of merit for AM
a) 1
b) 2
c)

+
2 2
2
m A
m

d) None

67.The detector gain for DSB SC is
Analog Communications

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) None

68.The detector gain for SSB SC is
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) None

a)
2
2
c
A

b) A
c

2

c)
4
2
c
A

d) None

70.For all modulating signal type following is the general formula for efficiency
a)
er CarrierPow
Power Useful

b)
S C
s
P P
P
+

c)
TotalPower
er CarrierPow

d) None

71.Which of the following system is called as linear modulations system
a) AM
b) FM
c) PM
d) FSK

72.To reduce the phase difference between transmitted signal and received signal we use
a) PLL
b) LPF
c) HPF
d) BPF

73.The term zero crossing is used in angle demodulation to predict the
c) Both
d) None

74.According to the Carson, what is expression for BW of FM is given by
a) 2(f+fm)
b) Infinite
c) Zero
d) None

75.The instaneous frequency of the FM signal is given by
a) f
i
= f
c
+k
f
m(t)
Analog Communications

b) f
i
= f
c
+m(t)
c) f
i
= k
f
m(t)
d) f
i
= f
m
+m(t)

76.Which of the following expressions represents the instantaneous frequency of the PM
wave
a) fi =fc +
H 2
k
m(t)
b) fi =fc +
H 2
k
m(t)
c) fi =
H 2
k
m(t)
d) None

77.In a low level AM system, amplifiers following the modulated stage must be
a) Linear devices
b) Harmonic devices
c) Class C amplifiers
d) Non linear devices

78.If the carrier of a 100% modulated AM wave is suppressed, the percentage power saving
will be
a) 50
b) 150
c) 100
d) 66.6

79.One of the following is an indirect way of generating FM. This is the
a) Reactance FET modulator
b) Varactor diode modulator
c) Arm strong modulator
d) Reactance bipolar transistor modulator

80.When the modulating frequency is doubled, the modulation index is halved, and the
modulating voltage remains const. The modulation system is
a) Amplitude modulation
b) Phase modulation
c) Frequency modulation
d) Any one of three

81.An FM signal with a modulation index m
f
is passed through a frequency tripler. The
wave in the output of the tripler will have a modulation index of
a) m
f
/ 3
b) m
f

c) 3 m
f

d) 6 am
f

82.A preemphasis ckt provides extra noise immunity by
a) Boosting the bass frequencies
b) Amplifying higher audio freq.
c) Preamplifying the whole audioband
d) Converting the phase modulation to FM

83.An FM signal with a deviation f o is passed through a mixer, and has its frequency
reduced fivefold. The deviation in the output of the mixer.
a) 5 f o
b) Indeterminate
c) 15 f o
Analog Communications

d) f o

84.In RC capacitive FET reactance modulation if X
c
= nR then what is C
eq
= ?
a)
n
f g
m
t 2 .

b)
fn
g
m
t 2

c)
f
n g
m
t 2
.

d)
n g
f
m
.
2t

In RL capacitive FET reactance modulation what is C
eq
=
a)
R g
L
m

b)
R
L g
m

c) g
m
LR
d)
LR g
m
1

85.Reactance modulator using varactor diode is used to generate FM it is
a) Indirect method
b) Direct method
c) Highlevel method
d) Low level method

86.The maximum permissible deviation in FM is
a) 15 KHz
b) 75 KHz
c) 400 Hz
d) 5 KHz

87.The bandwidth required for an FM signal in which the modulating frequency 2 KHz and
the maximum deviation is 10 KHz is
a) 32 KHz
b) 30 KHz
c) 64 KHz
d) 60 KHz

88.If the carrier frequency is 640 KHZ and the local oscillator frequency is 1095 KHZ, the
intermediate frequency is
a) 1.735 MHZ
b) 1.735 KHZ
c) 445 KHZ
d) 445 MHZ

89.The characteristics of IF amplifier are _______ of frequency to which the receive tuned
a) Dependent
b) Independent
c) More
d) None

90.A tuned circuit has a Q of 100 at a resonant frequency of 500 KHZ. Its bandwidth
a) 0.2
b) 0.5
Analog Communications

c) 2
d) 5

91.The greater the gain of the receiver, the better is its
a) Sensitivity
b) Selectivity
c) Dynamic range
d) AGC bias

92.For best selectivity, stability, the IF must be
a) High
b) Low
c) Medium
d) Arbitrary

a) 545 KHZ
b) 455 KHZ
c) 450 KHZ
d) 465 KHZ

94.Mixer and following are usually combined into a single circuit
a) RF tuned CKT
b) LO circuit
c) IF amp ckt
d) RF amp ckt

95.The function of RF amplifier is to
a) Control gain
b) Isolate LO
c) Contribute to selectivity
d) All the three

96.The ckt that is used translate down the frequency of a signal is
a) Frequency discriminator
b) Frequency multiplier
c) Mixer
d) BFO

97.A radio receiver uses high side injection with RF carrier of 30 MHZ with 455 KHZ IF.
What is image frequency
a) 30.45 MHZ
b) 30.91 MHZ
c) 32 MHZ
d) None

98.For above problem what is LO frequency
a) 30.45 MHZ
b) 30.91 MHZ
c) 32 MHZ
d) None

99.For above question of tuned ckt is 100 what is image frequency Rejection ratio
a) 0.0598d |
b) 15.66 d |
c) 18 d |
d) None

100.What is the expression for image frequency fi?
Analog Communications

a) fs - 2f
IF

b) fs + 2f
IF

c) fs + f
IF

d) None

101.What is the expression for image frequency rejection ratio o ?
a)
2 2
Q 1 +

b)
2 2
Q 1

c)
2
1 +

d) None

102.For a radio receiver IF is chosen low value. The problem is
a) Over selectivity
b) Poor image rejection
c) Sideband culting
d) All

a) Better image frequency rejection
b) Prevention of double spotting
c) Both a & b
d) None

104.A radio receiver has incoming frequency of 1200 KHZ and IF of 455 KHZ image
frequency is
a) 2110 KHZ
b) 2000 KHZ
c) 2210 KHZ
d) 1210 KHZ

105.Noise limiter is analogous to the following
a) Clamper
b) Clipper
c) Rectifier
d) AGC

106.Most dangerous spurious signal is the signal at
a) Image frequency
b) IF
c) Harmonics of IF
d) All the three

107.A circuit that blocks the audio until an useful signal is received is called
a) Squelch
b) Noise limiter
c) Noise blanker
d) AGC

108.In a receiver the random variations in the received signal strength due to multipath
propagation effects is called
a) Blocking
c) Mixing
d) Limiting

Analog Communications

110.The level for the squelch is derived from __________ signal.
a) AGC
b) RF
c) IF
d) None

111.Near zero AGC voltage indicates _______ signal and high AGC voltage indicates a
_______ signal
a) Weak, Strong
b) Strong, Weak
c) Weak, Weak
d) Strong, Strong

112.Noise limiter is a diode based circuit that automatically ________ the signal amplitude
a) Clamps
b) Clips
c) Raiser
d) None

113.The circuits used for oscillator frequency stability is
a) AGC
b) AFC
c) AVC
d) None

114.BFO is used in the receiver for
a) Telegraphic signals
b) Non telegraphic
c) Both
d) None

115.In communication RX, for fine tuning, ________ is used
a) Main capacitor
c) Trimmers
d) None

116.In communications RX, the first IF must be _________ than 2
nd
IF
a) Less b) Greater
c) Both are same
d) Cant be determined

117.Among these which is the best system
a) Simple AGC
b) Amplified AGC
c) Delayed AGC
d) Amplified delayed AGC

118.The main purpose of RF amplifier in FM RX is
a) Reduce noise figure
b) Image freq. rejection
c) Sensitivity
d) None
Analog Communications

119.FM RX operating frequency range is
a) 84 104 MHZ
b) 88 108 MHZ
c) 88 104 MHZ
d) 84 108 MHZ

120.In FM RX, there is need for
a) Amplitude limiter
b) De emphasis
c) Both
d) None

121.The IF for an FM RX is
a) 455 KHZ
b) 70 MHZ
c) 30 MHZ
d) 10.7 MHZ

122.The most popular frequency band for satellite communications is ___ for uplink
a) 7GHZ
b) 6GHZ
c) 5GHZ
d) 4GHZ

123.The frequency band used for downlink is
a) 7GHZ
b) 6GHZ
c) 5GHZ
d) 4GHZ

124.ISDN means
a) Integrated Services Digital Network
b) International Services Discrete Network
c) Interactive Services Digital Network
d) None of the above

125.Second generation communication satellites operate in band
a) 12/10GHZ
b) 14 / 12 GHZ
c) 4 / 12 GHZ
d) 6 / 4 GHZ

126.In SDMA ___________ are used to separate radio signals in different directions
a) Multibeam Antennas
b) Single beam Antennas
c) Both
d) None

127.In cellular communications ___________ keeps track of the carrier frequency
allocations by the different cells
a) Base Station
b) Master Station
c) Transponder
d) None

128.B-ISDN is built up on the following system
a) N ISDN
b) Satellite network
c) Optical network
Analog Communications

d) ATM

129.The round trip delay time of far end echo of speakers voice around
a) 270 ms
b) 540 ms
c) 300 ms
d) 600 ms

130.The TWT amplifier in the transponder is purposely operated below its full power
capacity in the following multiple access scheme
a) FDMA
b) TDMA
c) CDMA
d) SDMA

131.Multipath propagation phenomenon is mainly due to the following basic phenomenon

a) Refraction
b) Scattering
c) Diffraction
d) b and c

132.Multipath effects in mobile radio environment result in the following undersirable
signal effect
b) Doppler shifts
d) All

133.ISDN uses the following channel for out of band signaling
a) A
b) B
c) C
d) D

134.The step-by-step electromechanical switching system is also called
a) Stronger switching system
b) Cross bar switch
c) Space switch
d) None

135.If the control functions are performed by a computer or processor that switching is
a) Computer switching
b) Electronic switching
c) Electromechanical switching
d) None

136.The links that are connected between switching systems are called
a) Subscriber lines
b) Trunks
c) Loops
d) None

137.Expand PSTN
a) Plain switching Telecom Network
b) Public telephone network
c) Public switching telephone network
d) None

Analog Communications

138.In centralized SPC which mode configuration gives better performance in the presence
of large traffic
b) Stand by mode
c) Synchronous duplex
d) All

139.The speech samples are PAM then it is called
a) Analog time division switching
b) Digital time division switching
c) Space switching
d) None

In a switching system the information is not transferred in a real time. The system is
a) Time division time switching
b) Time division space switching
c) Space division switching
d) None

140.If the inlets and outlets are trunks in a switch. These are
a) Time multiplexed switches
b) Time division switch
c) Space division switch
d) None

141.Time space switch is a
a) Single stage switch
b) Two stage switch
c) Three stage switch
d) None

142.In distributed control the control functions are shared by _________ processor
a) One
b) Two
c) Many
d) No

143. ________ Switches are required in transit exchanges
a) Time Division Switches
b) Time Multiplexed Switches
c) Space Switch
d) None

Analog Communications