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Peru An Introduction

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Peru An Introduction

Peru
Peru is one of the most varied and exciting countries in South America. An immensely long desert coastline and vast areas of tropical rainforest are divided by the magnificent Andean mountain range. The contrasting environments offer a unique opportunity to experience an incredibly wide range of spectacular scenery, a wealth of archaeological sites, a vibrant culture and an abundance of wildlife.
At a glance Can be visited all year round (although can be heavy rain around Machu Picchu in January & February) Fascinating history and culture 3 distinct geographical areas: coastal region, Andean mountains and Amazon Basin Diverse and exciting wildlife especially in Amazon Basin Good for activities including walking, trekking & white water rafting Famous sites including: Machu Picchu, the Nasca Lines & Lake Titicaca. New sites are still being discovered Exciting train rides through the mountains High standard of accommodation Getting there There is a good choice of carriers from the UK to Peru. Flights to Lima from London via Europe include: Daily service from London Heathrow (via Amsterdam) with KLM* Daily service from London Heathrow (via Madrid) with Iberia and LAN. Flights to Lima from London via the US include: Daily service from London Heathrow (via Miami) with British Airways & American Airlines. *Regional departures are also available upon request. Prices from 2,820 per person for a 10 night itinerary. See pages 140-141 for suggested itineraries and page 142 for prices. See pages 143 for our guidelines on holidays in Peru. Combinations Both Ecuador (pages 94-107) & The Galpagos (pages 108-119) combine well with Peru, as does Bolivia (144-155). See pages 22-29 for our suggested country combination itineraries. These include 'Incas and Islands' (Peru & Galapagos) & 'Journey Through The Andes' (Peru, Chile & Bolivia). With so much on offer, our holidays in Peru can be tailor-made to reflect your particular interests. We also offer self-drive options in several areas of Peru to allow greater independence and flexibility for those who prefer to travel at their own pace.

ECUADOR

COLOMBIA

Tumbes

R i o Am a z o n

as

Piura Chachapoyas Kuelap Chiclayo

Reserva Nacional Pacaya-Samiria

Tarapoto

Mancora

Iquitos

Cajamarca Chan Chan Trujillo

BRAZIL

Pucallpa

P
P A C I F I C O C E A N
Lima

Pisco Ballestas Islands


Reserva Nacional de Paracas

Ica

Nasca

Machu Picchu Ollanta Urubamba Cusco

Puerto Maldonado
Reserva Nacional de Tambopata

Juliaca

Volcan Puno Lake Titicaca Colco Mismi 5597m Canyon Volcan Chachani 6075m Volcan Misti 5822m

Rio

yali Uca

Manu Biological Reserve

Arequipa

La Paz

BOLIVIA CHILE

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Peru Lima

Lima
Located on the coast at the mouth of the Rimac River, Lima was historically known as the pearl of the Pacific. Wandering around modern-day Lima provides a snapshot of the complexity of the country, one of marked contrasts, blending the traditions of rural life with the realities of modern industry.
To feel the true spirit of the city stroll through the streets of the old city which resemble a Moorish town, with many wooden balconies adorning the fronts of the traditional manor houses. The central area has splendid colonial Spanish squares and churches, including the Plaza Mayor, Plaza San Martin, the cathedral, and the churches of Santo Domingo and San Francisco. Situated on the cliffs above the sea, Miraflores is one of the garden districts of the capital, characterized by its green areas, where you can also find the best restaurants and hotels.

Useful Notes
Museums In Lima
Lima is home to some wonderful museums including: The Archaeological Museum Located in a grand colonial house, the National Archaeological Museum gives a great insight into the many pre-Inca cultures of Peru, as well as the more well known Incas, with many fascinating exhibits. Exhibits include: textiles, ancient metals and two important ancient carved stone monuments.

Hotel Antigua Miraflores


Lima
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Miraflores Park Hotel


Lima
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A charming, colonial mansion with 35 bedrooms offering a homely atmosphere. The hotel is located in the district of Miraflores with a variety of restaurants nearby. Standard rooms are spacious and attractively furnished. Some are colonial in design, housing original art and antiques, others are more contemporary. All rooms are ensuite and provide telephone and cable TV. Some are suites which also include a Jacuzzi bath and a simple kitchenette for preparing light meals. The majority of rooms overlook the small courtyard in the centre of the property. Continental breakfast is served in the friendly restaurant which also offers a good choice of local traditional dishes for lunch and dinner. This hotel offers simple, local style accommodation with an old-world charm.

This modern and stylish property (owned by Orient Express) is located in the exclusive residential area of Miraflores and boasts wonderful ocean views. There are 82 stunning suites; comprised of 72 executive suites, six junior suites with sauna and Roman bathtub and four presidential suites with a spacious living and dining area, sauna and Jacuzzi. Three suites feature private plunge pools. All rooms offer either city or ocean view. There are a range of leisure facilities available including a roof top outdoor heated swimming pool, well equipped gym and Zest Spa providing a variety of treatments. A buffet breakfast is served in the Observatory restaurant located on the 11th floor and lunch or dinner can be taken in the Poissonnerie ground floor restaurant which has both indoor seating and outdoor seating on the terrace. The Miraflores Park is a modern yet elegant property and perfect for a comfortable stay.

The Larco Herrera Museum An amazing private collection, this museum offers an excellent overview of 3000 years of preColumbian Peruvian history. Ironically the beautiful colonial house and pleasant walled gardens, hosting the collection are built on the site of an historic 7th century pre-Columbian pyramid. Exhibits include: ancient gold, silver and ceramics.

Pachacamac
Located in the Lurin Valley, 31km from Lima lies the site of Pachacamac. The area was a pre-Inca sanctuary, first settled in 200BC and over time became a vast complex of palaces and temple-pyramids, to which pilgrims from different parts of the region went to pay homage to the god Pachacamac.

The area survived Inca and Spanish conquests and through the ages, several civilisations adapted the city for their own use.

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Peru Pacific Coast

Nasca Lines, Ica & Paracas National Reserve


One of the greatest archaeological enigmas in the world, the Nasca Lines are spectacular drawings etched into the desert, thought to be created by the Paracas and Nasca cultures between 900BC and 600AD.
Many theories exist as to why the Nasca Lines were constructed which contributes to the mystery of visiting this area. The drawings of animals, birds, reptiles, geometric shapes and lines, some up to 200m in length, lie across a 500m2 strip of desert just north of the town of Nasca. It is only possible to see the drawings from the air and trips over the area in small light aircraft can be made from Pisco and Ica. Nasca suffered an earthquake in 1996 requiring the rebuilding of much of the town. In 2007 an area including the towns of Pisco & Ica were similarly hit. The area around the attractive city of Ica, just north of the Nasca Lines is famous for its wineries and the production of pisco, the national drink. Surrounded by desert, Ica is an agricultural oasis irrigated by subterranean aqueducts from an Inca canal. The Ica Museo Regional is devoted to preColumbian ceramics and textiles including artefacts from ancient Ica, Nasca and Paracas cultures. To the south west of Ica is the beautiful emerald coloured Huacachina Lagoon. Slightly further north, the Paracas National Reserve is the only reserve protecting a section of the Peruvian coastline. From this peninsula, there is the opportunity to take a boat trip to the Ballestas Islands via El Candelabro, (a wonderful sign of the ancient cultures and some say an extension of the Nasca Lines). The islands are home to over 200 species of birds, Humboldt penguins and an enormous sea lion population. The area around Nasca is a wonderful area to explore and particularly lends itself to those who prefer the freedom to self-drive.

Casa Andina Nasca


Nasca
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La Hacienda Bahia Paracas


Paracas
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Hotel Paracas, Libertador


Paracas
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Centrally located, and near the small local airport used for the flights over the Nasca Lines, the Casa Andina Nasca has been built in keeping with the traditional coastal architecture of this area. The 60 rooms feature ensuite bathrooms, air-conditioning, cable TV and direct dial telephones. Superior Queen rooms also feature a bath tub and mini bar. Other hotel facilities include the Waykuna Andean Restaurant, internet access, a laundry service, foreign currency exchange and a swimming pool.

This beach fronted property is located south of Lima (approximately four hours by road). The impressive sized swimming pool caters for both active swimmers and children. El Coral restaurant serves freshly caught seafood and local Peruvian cuisine with views across the bay and there is also a bakery onsite for morning coffee and croissants. Built around the pool area, each of the 87 rooms with private terraces provide either views of the ocean, sand dunes or the swimming pool. Some suites have direct access to the pool from their terrace. Tours and excursions to various beaches and the Paracas reserve can also be booked and paid for locally. Highly recommended and excellent value for money.

This hotel is in a unique location, positioned on the coast, on the edge of the Paracas National Reserve. The hotel has recently undergone an extensive rebuild and refurbishment and is now firmly established as the most exclusive five star resort on the Peruvian coast. There are 120 air conditioned rooms and suites with private facilities, many with sea views. The hotel features a spa, two swimming pools, restaurant, bar, lounge bar with ocean views, private gardens and childrens zone. There are also various activities including excursions by boat to the Ballestas Islands from the hotels private pier and a flight over the Nasca Lines by small plane (payable locally).
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Peru Arequipa

Arequipa
The city of Arequipa, 2,353 metres above sea level, is located on the Chili River, flanked by three, snowcapped volcanoes; Misti, Chachani and Pichu Pichu. It is known as the White City, as its buildings are made out of sillar, a white volcanic rock from the area.
During colonial days, the city was the principal centre for the gathering and shipping of wool to England via the port of Mollendo and today still continues to be the worlds centre of the alpaca wool industry. It is the second most important city in Peru after Lima and the primary commercial, industrial and cultural centre in the southern part of the country. With its dry climate, consisting of sunny days and cold nights, and its colonial style buildings, Arequipa is without doubt one of Perus most beautiful cities. It also has an extraordinary gastronomic heritage. Do not miss trying some of the exquisite dishes in the traditional restaurants called picanterias. The Santa Catalina Convent is probably Arequipas most interesting feature. A city within a city, it is a walled complex with winding, cobbled streets and colourful colonial buildings. A small number of nuns still live in a private quarter. Arequipa is also the gateway for visits to the Colca Canyon.

La Hosteria
Arequipa
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Casa Andina (Private Collection), Arequipa


Arequipa
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Hotel Libertador, Arequipa


Arequipa
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Right in the heart of Arequipa, La Hosteria is situated close to the many historical buildings, churches, the commercial area and restaurants. This simple but charming hotel has 11 rooms, equipped with minibar, cable TV and direct dial telephone. All have private facilities (bath and shower). Breakfast is served on the colourful terrace.

This historic boutique hotel is a colonial building made in the local white volcanic stone. A former Mint House, this elegant, traditional house has only been recently converted into a hotel. Situated three blocks from the main square and behind Santa Catalina Convent, this new hotel has 41 rooms around two courtyards, including 30 superior rooms and eight suites in the contemporary part of the hotel, and two senior suites and one Imperial Suite in the original building, three colonial suites and one presidential suite. It also features a restaurant, a bar and a small museum showing how coins were minted in the past.

This hotel is located by Selva Alegre, the citys park, with an imposing view of the Misti volcano. Built in 1940 in colonial style the 80 spacious rooms and eight suites have private facilities (bath and shower), minibar, cable TV, bathrobes and hair-dryers. LCD televisions and ipod speakers have also recently been added. The Los Robles restaurant offers typical Arequipina and international dishes. The hotel has a bar, spa and a small gymnasium. Drinks are also served on the terrace by the swimming pool.

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Peru Colca Valley

Colca Valley
North of Arequipa is the impressive Colca Canyon. Twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in North America, this was thought to be the deepest canyon in the world until the nearby Cotahuasi Canyon at 3354m was found to be 163m deeper.
The Colca Valley is usually accessed from Arequipa, either as a private tour or as part of a small group. The journey passes through the Reserva Nacional Salinas y Aguada Blanca where vicuas are often seen. Llamas, alpacas and snow capped volcanoes may also be seen on the journey over the altiplano which, at the highest point, climbs to 4800m before dropping dramatically down to the Colca Valley and the market town of Chivay. Travelling along the Colca Valley is like taking a step back in time with traditional agricultural villages set amongst the pre-Inca terraces channelling water to the crops. A wonderful place for relaxing or hiking, we recommend a stay of at least one night. Included in every visit is the Mirador Cruz del Condor. Here, at a point where the canyon is 1200m deep, condors can be seen gliding on the morning thermals against the dramatic backdrop of the canyon and the distant mountains, volcanoes and glaciers. From here it is possible to either return to Arequipa or travel over the altiplano to Puno.

Colca Lodge
Colca Valley
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Hotel Las Casitas


Colca Valley
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Including local activities

A unique hotel set in the middle of the Colca Valley overlooking the Colca River. There are 45 rooms, all with ensuite facilities including family rooms and two suites. 25 are rustic style Andean rooms, the remainder are more contemporary. The rooms are equipped with bedspreads and blankets made from alpaca wool and most of the decorations are from natural materials. A heater is also provided for your comfort. From the restaurant there are panoramic views of the Valley and mountains. The bar and relaxing lounge area have fireplaces and comfortable sofas. Possible outdoor activities include trout fishing, horseriding, local hikes and the hotel's thermal pools.

This new Orient Express boutique hotel offers 20 individual casitas set in 24 hectares on the Colca River, near to the village of Yanque. Some of the casitas are joined by a lobby. All have a bedroom, lounge with open fire place, dressing area, bathroom with both indoor and outdoor showers and a bathtub, a private terrace and a private heated plunge pool. There is also a larger Presidential Casita on the edge of the property. Meals are taken at the la restaurant where everything is included except premium alcoholic brands and special wines. Activities are included as part of your stay here including a trip to Mirador Cruz del Condor, horse trekking, cycling and photography. There is also a free form swimming pool, and spa treatments are available at the Samay Spa (payable locally).
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Peru Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca
Lake Titicaca is the highest navigable lake in the world and part of the border between Peru and Bolivia. Today it is an important trade route for the communities on its shores.
It is also a refuge for the wildlife of the high Andes, as many species of resident and migratory birds, native species of fish and frogs, and various varieties of water plants are protected in the Titicaca National Reserve. There are many interesting islands and places to visit on the lake. The island of Taquile is unique for many reasons: its inhabitants speak only Quechua; farmers, fishermen and weavers wear distinct outfits; there are no vehicles, roads, police officers or electricity and there is a solid sense of community. Nearby Amantani Island is also famous for basket-weaving. The Uros Floating Islands are made from totora reeds that grow in abundance in the lake. This way of life has existed for several hundred years and, today, the inhabitants earn a living from fishing and tourism. For those staying several days in the area we recommend staying on the tranquil Suasi Island or extending their holiday into Bolivia.

Useful Notes
Altitude
Lake Titicaca is approximately 4000m above sea level. We highly recommend that that you do not over exert yourself in the first few days, particularly if you have flown in from low altitude. Locals often recommend the coca tea which is available at most of our hotels. journey, three times a week (Monday, Wednesday and Saturday) in both directions.

Suasi Island
Suasi is a small, quiet, privately owned island of 106 acres with resident alpaca, llama, guanaco and vicua, and is a far cry from the busy town of Puno. Getting to the island is an experience in itself and visitors arriving by boat from Puno will cross the lake at one of its widest points where the magnificent scenery is at its best. This transfer includes visits to the Uros Islands and Taquile Island before arriving at Suasi. If arriving or departing by land, the route skirts the lake, offering incredible views along the way.

Crossing to Bolivia
From Puno, it is possible to travel to La Paz in Bolivia and include a visit to Sun Island located on the Bolivian side of Lake Titicaca. Sun Island is the largest island on the lake and the most sacred, being central to Inca history and traditions. The island can be reached by hydrofoil and it is possible to stay overnight at the Posada on the island (please see page XXX). Please see pages XXX-XXX for further information on Bolivia.

Andean Explorer: Cusco - Puno Train


The train journey between the historical city of Cusco and Puno, located on the shores of Lake Titicaca, is one of the wonderful highlights of visiting Peru. The Orient Express owned steam train travels the ten hour

Casa Andina (Private Collection), Puno


Puno
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Libertador Lake Titicaca, Puno


Puno - Isla Estevez
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Casa Andina (Private Collection), Suasi


Isla Suasi, Lake Titicaca
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Positioned on the shores of Lake Titicaca this new hotel has 45 rooms and one suite, all with private facilities (bath & shower), telephone, heater, hairdryer, safe box, cable TV & coffee making facilities. Lake view rooms can be pre booked and are recommended. Hotel facilities include: a gourmet restaurant; lobby bar, terrace with views to the lake, a private pier for lake excursions and a private train stop. A buffet breakfast is served every morning. Lunch and dinner is also available, served la carte.

This hotel is situated on a hill on Estevez Island which is joined to the shores of Lake Titicaca by a short causeway just five minutes north of the city of Puno. The hotel boasts wonderful views of Lake Titicaca and has the advantage of its own private jetty from where guests can partake in lake excursions. There are 123 rooms, all with lake view and tastefully furnished; equipped with private facilities, air conditioning/heating, cable TV, mini bar, hair-dryer and safety deposit box. LCD televisions and ipod speakers have also been added. The Los Uros restaurant serves typical Andean and international cuisine. Other facilities include a bar and games room, fitness room, sauna and Jacuzzi.

This boutique cottage style property is the only hotel on the island. The property is surrounded by lovely gardens and enjoys breathtaking views of Lake Titicaca. There are 24 spacious rooms, all with private facilities and spectacular lake views (no TVs here!). There is also the 'Andean Cottage', a two bedroom suite by the waters edge. Full board is included and the attractive restaurant serves gourmet cuisine whilst the bar/lounge area provides roaring fires in winter. There is an Andean sauna and massage room offering a variety of treatments. Guided walks to the islands summit and kayak trips around the island are also available. This property offers a unique retreat in a beautiful remote location.

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Peru Cusco

Cusco
The Incas believed Cusco to be a dwelling place of the Gods and it is certainly one of the most interesting cities in the Peruvian Andes. The name in Quechua (the native tongue of the area) means 'navel of the world'.
Its unique colonial architecture, set amongst the solid grandeur of Inca stonework, highlights the citys fascinating past, as do the citys museums. A wide range of handicrafts, including fine silverwork with Inca and colonial motifs, sculptures of holy figures, beautiful textiles and clothes made from alpaca, llama and vicua wool, are available from the many shops. The Plaza de Armas, San Blas, Koricancha (site of Inca Temple of the Sun) and the Cathedral are well worth a visit, as well as the Museums of Regional History, Inca Culture, and PreColumbian, Colonial & Religious Arts. There are also a wealth of archaeological and historical sites on the outskirts of Cusco leading towards the Sacred Valley, including Sacsayhuaman, Puca Pucara, Tambo Machay and Qenko. These sites are included in our guided half day city tour.

Useful Notes
Inti Raymi
Perus festival of the sun Inti Raymi takes place on the 24th of June. The week running up to the event sees Cusco overwhelmed with locals and tourists alike, there to witness the procession and join in the festivities. Hotels can be busy at this time so please bear this in mind when planning your visit. Please see pages X-X for more details.

Altitude
Cusco is approximately 3326m above sea level, so as at Lake Titicaca, on your first couple of days, take care not to overexert yourself, particularly if you have flown in from low altitude, and keep hydrated.

Casa San Blas


Cusco
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Inkaterra La Casona
Cusco
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Hotel Monasterio
Cusco
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This boutique style hotel is set in the historical artisans quarter of San Blas, a pretty area of colonial style houses and cobbled streets, two and a half blocks uphill from the main square. Of the 18 rooms, 12 are standard doubles and twins with ensuite facilities, safe deposit box, cable TV and heater, and six are suites. Four of these suites are on two levels with views to the city and a small kitchette, one is a junior suite also with a small kitchenette, and one is a senior suite with kitchenette, living room, jacuzzi and sauna. Some of the standard rooms have internal windows. A buffet breakfast is served in the small restaurant 'Tika', where lunch and dinner can also be taken a la carte.

Located a short stroll from Cuscos main square in the heart of the old sector, this discreet mansion is a slice of elegant luxury. Parts of the mansion date as far back as the 16th century with local design and Spanish architecture evident throughout the property. The 11 luxury suites are all furnished to a very high standard found either on the upper balcony or on the ground floor overlooking the courtyard. Suites feature a king bed, dining area, ensuite spacious bathroom with standalone bath and separate shower. Due to the compact size of the manor house, guests will be surprised at its intimacy and it is more like a private residence than a hotel.

Situated in the heart of colonial Cusco, this hotel is a former monastery built over 300 years ago. Much of the original architecture has been retained and the furnishings reflect a combination of both modern and traditional Spanish style. There are 109 bedrooms as well as junior and deluxe suites; all very comfortably furnished with telephone, minibar, safe deposit box and private facilities. Supplementary oxygen can be pumped into certain rooms if the altitude is proving problematic. The stylish restaurant serves both Peruvian and international style cuisine, while a large comfortably furnished lobby bar with open fire, and an attractive courtyard offer pleasant areas in which to relax. The beautiful and ornate Chapel of San Antonio Abad, set within the hotel, is just one of the features that makes the Monasterio a truly unique place to stay.
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Peru The Sacred Valley

The Sacred Valley


The Sacred Valley is one of Perus most beautiful and atmospheric places. The scenery is breathtaking and the region is well worth including in your itinerary. Between Cusco and Machu Picchu there are a number of interesting small towns and villages and historical sites. It is an ideal area for those considering self drive.
The Sacred Valley follows the Urubamba River as it winds its way through Inca terraces, traditional villages, fields and rocky gorges towards Ollanta and Inca fortress, Ollantaytambo, an imposing Inca fortress with fabulous views of the valley. Urubamba village is charming and peaceful, It is situated close to the river and is particularly good for activities including walking, low level white water rafting and horse riding. Moray is remote but beautiful, with numerous agricultural terraces known locally as the green houses of the Incas. During the harvest months of May and June, the crops turn golden and Moray looks stunning against the snow capped mountains. Salinas and Maras, cascades of ancient rectangular salt basins, are nearby and also worth visiting. The Valley is also know for the colourful, vibrant markets, in particular Pisac Market (main day Sunday) and Chinchero Sunday market.
Ollanta
Urubamba

Ollantaytambo
Yucay Calca

Pisac

Moray Chinchero

Pisac

Tambo Machay Sacsayhuaman


Cusco

Qenko

Sol y Luna Hotel


Sacred Valley - Urubamba
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Rio Sagrado
Sacred Valley Urubamba
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This hotel is located near Urubamba in a very picturesque spot. Each of the 28 standard bungalows are circular, giving panoramic views across the mature gardens. The bungalows include a terrace, king-size or twin beds, telephone and ensuite facilities. There are five premium deluxe and 10 deluxe bungalows recently completed which offer more space and include underfloor heating. The accommodation is very comfortable and the interiors are tastefully furnished in Andean style. A restaurant serves international and Peruvian cuisine. There is also a health club with sauna, massage rooms, a small gym and a tennis court.

This elegant hotel has a privileged position on the banks of the Rio Urubamba, north of the village of Urubamba and is now part of the Orient Express Group. With only eight junior suites, 13 deluxe suites and two villas the atmosphere is calm and relaxed. Meals are taken in the El Huerto Restaurant with spectacular riverside views, while pre and post dinner drinks can be enjoyed in El Bar del Huerto. The MayuWillka Spa offers a range of treatment (payable locally) to enhance your feeling of well-being. All the suites have a private exterior terrace and a Swiss shower, as well as a telephone, hair-dryer and safe deposit box. The villas have three bedrooms, and a living room with a fireplace. They sleep 4-6 and 6-8 respectively.

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Peru The Sacred Valley

The Sacred Valley is aptly named for the number of fascinating Inca ruins and fortresses that can be explored through self drive itineraries or full day excursions. These can also be combined with a number of hikes varying in difficulty and duration.
From the Pisac ruins in the higher regions of the Valley you can hike to Pisac market. Alternatively, the Ollantaytambo Inca fortress is a dramatic engineering feat by the Incas with beautiful terraces. In Ollanta town all trains to Aguas Calientes stop here. A few kilometres before Urubamba lies Moray, a very different Inca site. Used as an agricultural experimentation by the Incas, it consists of many different levels and terraces in a circular shape to acclimatise crops to different temperatures. Studies have shown that there have been recordings of up to 15C difference from the top to bottom terraces. Nearby to Moray lies the Salineras de Maras, or Salt pans of Maras. A naturally high concentration salt spring is diverted to make hundred of small pools on the terraces owned by local villagers which are then blocked off and the sun is left to evaporate the water leaving piles of pure white salt. This is a fascinating sight creating good photo opportunities, back-dropped by green mountains and blue skies.

Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel

Pakaritampu
Sacred Valley - Ollanta
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This hotel is only a short walk away from Ollanta station from where the trains depart for Machu Picchu. It is also ideally located for visits to Ollantaytambo fortress and the high Andean community of Willoc . The hotel is surrounded by mature gardens with local plants and flowers. From the hotel balconies you can enjoy beautiful views of the mountain and Ollantaytambo. There are 30 standard rooms with private facilities and telephone. They have plenty of natural light and warm wooden furnishings. The hotel also offers a lounge with fireplace, reading room, attractive restaurant, cosy bar, internet access and a gift shop. Heaters are available on request.

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Peru Mountain Lodges of Peru

Mountain Lodges of Peru


Mountain Lodges of Peru are offering the first lodge-to-lodge trek to Machu Picchu. This exciting six night trek follows an ancient trail called the Salkantay Route through the Cordillera Vilcabamba, a spectacular mountain range. The emphasis is on scenery, wildlife and local Andean culture.
Four lodges are used, all built using traditional building techniques and with well-appointed rooms, (with ensuite facilities and hot showers), a dining room, bar/lounge and cosy reading room. Three of the lodges also have an outside jacuzzi. Salkantay Lodge and Adventure Resort has 12 double/twin rooms, while the other lodges have just six rooms. The final night is based in a hotel in the village of Aguas Calientes which is located below Machu Picchu. Groups are small, averaging 10 people and accompanied by well-experienced guides. The board basis is allinclusive, except for alcoholic beverages, souvenirs, tips and additional services such as massages. There is a minimum age of 12 and some physical fitness is required. There are regular departure days throughout 2010 and 2011. Please contact us for further details. Day 1 Travel by road to Marcoccasa, visiting the Inca ruins of Tarawasi and the mountain village of Mollepata en route. From Marcoccasa 4-5 hour leisurely trek along an ancient route known as Camino Real to Salkantay Lodge and Adventure Resort at Soraypampa (3,800m). Packed lunch en route. Day 2 Day at leisure to acclimatise. Activities offered include a half day hike to a glacial lake, and an outdoor (heated) jacuzzi. Overnight at Salkantay Lodge and Adventure Resort. Day 3 Early start for 5-7 hour trek up Rio Blanco Valley, crossing a pass at 4,500m from where magnificent views to the surrounding snow capped peaks and an opportunity to see Andean Condors. Descend to Wayra Lodge at Huayraccmachay (3,850m). Hot lunch en route. Day 4 Leisurely breakfast followed by 3-4 hour trek down to Salkantay River to Colpa Lodge at Collpapampa (2,800m). Afternoon at leisure. Traditional underground stone cooked lunch, when possible, at lodge. Day 5 Early start for 5-7 hour trek. Descend down to Santa Teresa River Valley, a more populated rural area where coffee/banana plantations and orchards characterise the landscape. Then travel by road to the Llactapata Inca Trail and a short climb (30mins) to Lucma Lodge at Lucmabamba (2,100m). Hot picnic lunch by the river en route.
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Day 6 Early start for 4-6 hour trek. Ascend for two hours to Llactapata Pass (2,700m), Llactapata ruins and first glimpse of Machu Picchu. Then descend down to Aobamba River through bamboo forests, coffee plantations and orchards. 30 minute scenic train ride to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu Town) and check into a hotel for an overnight stay. Day 7 Very early start to take short minibus ride to Machu Picchu. Private guided tour of Machu Picchu. 4-6 hours in total at site before returning to Aguas Calientes for afternoon train journey to Cusco. Transfer to hotel of choice in Cusco.

Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel

Peru Andean Lodge Trek

Andean Lodge Trek - Camino del Apu Ausangate


The Camino del Apu Ausangate (Road of the Apu Ausangate) in the Cordillera Vilcanota, offers the ultimate trekking experience for the more adventurous traveller. A five day breathtaking trek close to the highest and most sacred Inca mountain - Apu Ausangate.
This trek is completely off the beaten track, amidst one of the most pristine and untouched areas. It is recommended to complete the trail between April and November and there are weekly departures from Cusco (contact us for details). The emphasis on the Camino del Apu Ausangate trek is the local Llama and Alpaca herders and community. Often the only other non-local people you come across are your guide and other members in the group. Chefs, horsemen and waiters in the lodges are all employed from the local communities Chillca and Osefina. The adventure starts in Cusco with almost the entire trek over 4000m and the terrain ranging from high mountain passes to stunning, wide glacial valleys. Average distances are 10-16 km per day of approximately six to eight hours in duration. All the lodges are in remote locations with incredible scenery. Whilst they are rustic, they still offer a high level of comfort after a strenuous days hike. Due to the demanding nature of this trek it is aimed at the experienced hiker. Day 01: Cusco - Chillca Early morning road transfer from Cusco along the scenic Vilcanota Valley to the town of Checacupe where you start ascending the Pitumarca valley. Travel along the Japura gorge that leads to Chillca. Stop for lunch enroute (included). From here it is a short and easy walk to the first tambo (lodge) where there will be time to relax and enjoy the surroundings. Day 02: Chillca - Machuracay Hiking begins at 08:30am in the wide valley of Upis surrounded by mountains and imposing views. The trail narrows as you make your way towards the waterfalls descending from the Santa Catalina mountain. The rough trail is mostly used by the wandering llamas when you reach the small Paloma lagoon. After hiking along a second lagoon and crossing a long series of moraines (glacial debris), you reach the Machuracay Tambo, located right at the foot of the Apu Ausangate. Day 03: Machurcay -Anantapata After a demanding ascent of the Palomani pass at an altitude of 5200m (the hardest part of the trek) you finally descend to Ausangatecocha with views of the south face glaciers of the apu. Overnight stay in the Anantapata Tambo. Day 04: Anantapata - Huampococha An impressive part of the trail leads to the middle of the mountains with red, ochre, and blue strata formations. This section offers a glimpse of geological and natural beauty. Overnight in the Huampococha Tambo, in the heart of large rock formations near a lagoon where huallatas (Andean geese) nest. Day 05: Huampococha - Cusco After a last climb over the Anta pass, you gradually start descending where the first crops and houses come into view. The landscape quickly changes and upon reaching the meeting point, the transfer will be waiting for the return trip to Cusco.

Typical comfortable Tambo of the trek

Words of Caution
Recommended Items to Take on the Andean Lodge Trek Warm weather clothing i.e. gloves, scarf and warm hat (available to purchase in Cusco) Sunglasses, sun cream and sun hat Wet weather clothing Toiletries Torch Plastic poncho (available to purchase in Cusco) Snacks and water bottle (available to purchase in Cusco) Serious Challenge This trek is for the adventurous traveller only and not the faint hearted. A good level of fitness is crucial due to the duration, incline (at times) and altitude of the hike. Altitude The highest mountain pass of the trek is 5200m. The highest Tambo (lodge) is 4805m. As a comparison, the highest point of the Inca Trail is 4200m the starting point of this trek is 4292m. Altitude sickness can be an issue. Weather extremes From intense sunshine to rain, sleet and even snow the weather high in the mountains can change suddenly. The need for preparation and correct equipment is essential Heating in the Lodges Whilst a very comfortable standard, it should be noted that the lodges are not heated in the bedrooms (log fires in public living areas). Children Due to the physical requirements and overall challenge of the trek it is not recommend for children.

The Lodges
Chillca Tambo
4300m altitude The starting point of the Camino del Apu Ausangate trek. Situated three kilometres from the end of the track close to Chillca village in the large valley of Quencomayo.

Machuaracay Tambo
4805m altitude Remotely located at the foot of Ausangate - the most sacred mountain of the Incas.

Antapata Tambo
4700m altitude Different from the other lodges, this lodge has been built by the Chillca community and is slightly more rustic. This one storey tambo maintains excellent views and a high level of character.

Huampococha Tambo
4818m altitude The last of the four tambos is found within the Osefina community in the heart of the colourful rock formations. Only four hours hike from the pick up point and end of the trekking.

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Peru Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is one of the Seven New Wonders of the World. Stunningly situated high in the cloud forest, the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the world's archeolgical jewels. Unknown until 1911, there are many theories surrounding the position and role of Machu Picchu and its subsequent demise.
It was thought it may have been a strategically positioned military outpost but it now seems more likely that it was an important ceremonial site due to the high quality of the stonework. There are many fascinating elements to the complex, including the Temple of the Sun, the Royal Tomb and the Temple of the Three Windows. A private guided tour of the ruins is always included in our visits to Machu Picchu, unless a group tour is specified.

Huayna Picchu (2,743m)

Aguas Calientes
Rio Uru bam ba

To Cusco 88 km

Machu Picchu Inti Punku (2,399m) Inca Bridge Intipata

104 km
Trail Inca ess Expr

Qoriwayrachina
(2,400m)

Rio Pacamaya

Choquesuysuy Huiay Huayne

Llactapata (2,288m)

Runkuracay

THE INCA TRAIL

Sayacmarca (3,600m)

Runkuracay Pass (3,998m)

Abra de Huarmihuaiusqa (Dead Woman) Pass (4,198m)

Huayllabamba

(3,000m)

Rio

Inca Steps

(4,000m)

Phuyupatamarca

Cus ich aco

Inkaterra Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel


Aguas Calientes
HB

A unique ecological hotel set in five hectares of cloud forest, offering spectacular scenery and a wealth of biodiversity. The hotel grounds host 372 native species of orchids, 154 bird species, 108 butterfly species, 200 tree species, reptiles, mammals and two spectacled bears. In addition, the hotel endeavours to promote contact with nature and local culture by providing on site eco-tourism activities such as nature walks, slide shows and birdwatching. Accommodation consists of 85 ensuite rooms built in Andean style set amongst tropical gardens. The hotel also features an Andean spa (with massage room), boutique, library, reading room, bar and restaurant.
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Peru Machu Picchu

Sumaq Hotel
Aguas Calientes
HB

Sanctuary Lodge Hotel


Machu Picchu
FB

This new hotel is on the outskirts of Aguas Calientes on the road up to Machu Picchu. Colourfully decorated in a fusion of Andean and western styles this comfortable hotel is a welcome addition to the area. There are three room types: 46 superior deluxe suites, 11 premium suites and three Sumaq suites. All have ensuite facilities, cable TV, telephone, wi-fi connection, security box, minibar, hair-dryer and bath with shower. The hotel also features the Suquy Caf Bar, and the Qunuq Restaurant with views to the mountains, and an emphasis on good quality Peruvian cuisine.

This property enjoys a unique position at the entrance of Machu Picchu, 2,400m above sea level. There are 32 ensuite colonial style rooms with cable tv, mini bar, and safe box. The hotel also incorporates a comfortable bar area and dining room offering international cuisine. The popular cafeteria extension offers a pleasant lunchtime buffet for residents and non residents. Live folklore music is often played during meals. The hotel can also arrange on site beauty treatments such as massage or reflexology.

Useful Notes
Trains to Machu Picchu
Trains for the scenic ride to Machu Picchu depart from Cusco or Ollanta. We book our clients on the Vistadome Train which is comfortable and has good windows unless booking the afternoon train from Ollanta, which is a Ferrostal train. The Orient Express luxury train, Hiram Bingham, runs every day except Sunday and can be booked at a supplement. All trains arrive at Aguas Calientes. Visitors are then taken up the mountain side by minibus from Aguas Calientes to the entrance of Machu Picchu.

Inca Trail
The number of people allowed on the Inca Trail at any time is strictly limited. Pre-booking is essential. The Classic Inca Trail takes four days and three nights camping. A guide, porters, camping equipment (except sleeping bag, which can be rented) and all meals are provided when booked through us. Preparation is essential as the altitude and weather conditions can make the trek extremely tiring. The Express Inca trail starts at Km104 and is a one day strenuous walk. Again preparation is essential. On completion of either the Classic or the Express Inca Trails we include a guided tour of the ruins. The trail normally closes for four weeks in either January or February. Other walks and treks are available in the area of the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu. Please ask for details.

Real Peru 133

Peru Trujillo

Trujillo
Northern Peru is an intriguing region. The majority of visitors travel to the south of the country, therefore the north can be explored and appreciated with the rewarding sense of discovery. This area offers a wealth of pre-Inca archaeological sites and natural treasures, with new discoveries still being made.
Often cited as the capital of the north, Trujillo was founded on the orders of Pizarro, the Spanish conquistador. Today it is Perus third largest city and famed for its elegant colonial architecture, particularly around the main square Plaza Mayor, where colourful, old mansions and baroque churches can be viewed. Trujillo is a perfect base from which to explore the amazing pre- Inca sites nearby. These include the Dragon / Rainbow and Emerald Temples on the outskirts of the city, part of Chan Chan, a huge adobe city to the west, and the impressive Moche pyramids, Huacas del Sol y Luna to the south east. Trujillo also has some beaches nearby, popular with locals for their fish restaurants and good surf. Huanchaco is a lively resort to the north also famous for the tortora reed boats used by the local fishermen. Today the Chicama Valley to the north of Trujillo is largely given over to sugar cane production. However, the valley also has many ancient sites including El Brujo. Paijan is also known for the elegant Pasofino horses.

Chiclayo
Three hours drive from Trujillo, through a variety of landscapes including rice fields and cotton plantations is the busy, commercial city of Chiclayo.
It is one of Perus fastest growing modern cities boasting distinctive cuisine, musical traditions (Tondero) and a witch doctors market. However, it is the history of the area that attracts most visitors. Increasing evidence is emerging of the successive ancient cultures that have flourished here, with some impressive archaeological sites and museums. Famous sites include: Tucume also known as the Valley of the Pyramids; and the Tombs of Sipan.

Useful Notes
Chan Chan
The largest adobe city in the world, Chan Chan dates from around 1100AD. Capital city of the Chimu empire that stretched approximately 1000km along the coast, the city walls enclosed an area of 28km. The ruins consist of nine huge compounds built by the Chimu kings, one of which is open to the public. Nearer to Trujillo the Huaca la Esmeralda (Emerald Temple) and La Huaca Arco Iris (Rainbow / Dragon Temple) also form part of this ancient complex and both can be visited. A very impressive site and highly recommended.

Hotel Libertador, Trujillo


Plaza Major, Trujillo
BB

Gran Hotel Chiclayo


Chiclayo
BB

The Libertador is an elegant colonial property, conveniently located on the corner of Plaza Major (the main square) next to the cathedral. This boutique hotel has 78 rooms, furnished to a good standard, private facilities (shower/bath), hair-dryer, direct dial telephone, cable TV, safe deposit box and air conditioning. LCD televisions and ipod speakers have recently been added. The majority of the rooms overlook an interior courtyard which houses a small swimming pool. Las Bovedas restaurant serves regional dishes including fish and other seafood choices.

This large, modern hotel is situated five minutes by car from the centre of Chiclayo. There are 129 rooms of various categories, all of a generous size, which offer private facilities (shower/bath), hairdryer, mini bar and cable TV. There is an outdoor, freshwater pool, souvenir shop, internet service, a second floor restaurant serving regional, national and international dishes and a street level caf serving light snacks (caf open to non-residents). This hotel is ideally positioned for nearby attractions and places of interest.

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Peru Chiclayo

Mancora
Tucked away close to the Ecuadorian border lies Mancora, a small rustic fishing town on the coast. Due to its northern location, the climate offers year round sun and high temperatures making it an excellent and relaxing beach destination. The beaches are some of the best in Peru and safe for swimming and surfers alike.
Between the peak months of December and March hotel availability can be an issue and it advisable to book well in advance. Mancora town has a number of restaurants with a strong emphasis on fresh seafood. There are also a number of lively bars and cafs which can become busy during holiday periods and weekends. Our accommodation is located approximately 10-25 minutes moto taxi (tuk-tuk) from the centre of Mancora. Please note that coastal Northern Peru is a dry and arid region with a large number of sand dunes. As a result please do expect dense tropical vegetation with palm fringed beaches.

Las Arenas de Mancora


Mancora
BB

Mancora Marina Hotel


Mancora
BB

Amongst the sand dunes and arid landscapes of northern Peru, a stones throw from the beach, is this secluded retreat. 19 spacious bungalow rooms are located in between palm trees and green verdant gardens. This remote and tranquil property operates an adult only policy. It is a 15 minute taxi journey to the restaurants and bars of Mancora. All rooms are spacious with king sized beds, mini bar, air conditioning and ensuite bathroom. 10 rooms have uninterrupted ocean views and 9 rooms overlook the hotel gardens. There are three sandy beaches nearby.

This boutique beachside hotel is located close to the harbour of Mancora. It is the only hotel in Northern Peru with a 90 feet infinite pool pointing out to sea. The 12 spacious rooms all have excellent ocean views with glass balcony walls creating a light and airy space. All rooms are ensuite with cable TV, air conditioning, safe deposit box and private balcony. The restaurant specialises in seafood and local Peruvian dishes.

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Peru Cajamarca

Cajamarca
Cajamarca, with its stunning mountain scenery, elegant colonial architecture and central plaza is often compared to Cusco in the south of the country. However, the relaxed atmosphere and friendly inhabitants give a wonderful off the beaten track feel to this interesting city.
A scattering of ancient sites in the local area aptly display evidence of the area having been inhabited since the Chavin era (1200BC to 200AD). Cajamarca was also the scene of a massacre of the Incas by the Spanish, and the place where Atahualpa, the last Inca lord, was executed, despite fulfilling the ransom demanded for his release; filling a large room with gold and twice over with silver. Little is left of the Inca city, although a room where Atahualpa is said to have either been held captive or to have filled with precious metals, still stands and is open to the public. Today gold is still a feature of the city, it was recently discovered in the hills to the west of the city, which is gradually becoming the site of a large gold mine. Six kilometres east of Cajamarca are the Banos del Inca where Atahualpa was camped with his army when the Spanish arrived. Dating from pre-Inca times, these baths, although unremarkable, remain popular with locals today. North of here is Otuzco, where there is a pre-Inca rock necropolis. Holes carved into the rock face mark an ancient burial site. To the south west of the city is an area of distinctive rock formations known as The Forest of Stones, near to which is a remarkably engineered preInca water canal known as Cumbe Mayo. Well known for its local handicrafts especially textiles, ceramics and stone carving, Cajamarca also has a main market every day, as well as weekly herb and animal markets.

Laguna Seca
Cajamarca
BB

A former hacienda, this simple spa hotel is on the outskirts of Cajamarca, near the Banos del Inca. On the site of thermal springs, the beautiful gardens are interspersed with canals and pools of steaming water. As well as making use of the therapeutic benefits of the thermal waters, guests are also able to book a wide range of treatments (payable locally). The thermal waters are also channelled into the rooms for use in the large bathtubs off each bedroom. The 41 rooms are in the gardens and most are on ground level. They include simple standard rooms, executive rooms, junior suites and executive suites. All feature a shower (in the bathtub) and private facilities, telephone, cable television, and air-conditioning. The hotels also has two swimming pools, a dining room and a small bar.
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Peru Chachapoyas

Chachapoyas
At 2334m above sea level and surrounded by stunning mountain scenery, Chachapoyas is the unlikely historical capital of the Departmento de Amazonas as it is the main access to the jungle to the east. A pleasant town with a typical colonial central plaza, most people visiting here do so to visit the remarkable Chachapoyan sites of the area dating from approximately 800AD.
Kuelap is the most famous local ancient site but there are many interesting sites, and it is suspected that there are still more lost cities yet to be discovered, particularly in the jungle areas. There are also fascinating natural sites. In the last few years the nearby Gokta Waterfall, was rediscovered and is now thought to be amongst the highest in the world. Highlights south of Chachapoyas include the cliff face necropolis of Revash, (from the Revash culture approximately 1250AD), and staying at the Leymebamba Museum which displays mummies taken from the Inca jungle lake side burial site at Laguna de los Condores for safe keeping. The journey along the single track road through the mountains from Leymebamba to Cajamarca is also memorable for its stunning views. Travelling in this area can often be difficult especially as not all the roads are tarmaced,and in the wet season (January March) it is often impossible. However the rewards for those who want a sense of adventure are immense.

Useful Notes
Kuelap
A huge site often said to rival Machu Picchu in the sheer impressiveness of its size and stunning mountain top location, Kuelap was built by the Chachapoyans over 200 years, from 900 1100AD. The ruins included a fortress, and many houses covered by trees and bromiliads. Most of the buildings are circular.

Casa Vieja
Chachapoyas
BB

Revash
A three hour walk from Puente Santo Tomas this is not for the faint hearted, as it is a steep climb. The small red roofed tombs can be seen in the cliff face as you approach the site. It is also possible to acces the site on horse back.

This old house, dating back to the late 1800s, is built around a courtyard in the traditional style and has been sympathetically converted into a small, 14 room hotel. Situated just off the main square it is well positioned for visiting the centre of the town, and is a good base for exploring this exciting area. All the rooms are different in this simple but comfortable hotel, but all have ensuite facilities, some with bathtubs, and a telephone. A safe deposit box is available at reception and heating is available on request. There is also internet access, a small sitting area with a TV, and a dining area where breakfast is served. Dinner can also be prepared if pre-ordered.

Approximate chronological order of some of the many Peruvian cultures (0AD 1532AD)

Moche culture
0-800AD Huaca Sol y Luna, Sipan

Sican / Lambayeque culture


900-1200AD Tucum

Chimu culture
1200-1400AD Chan Chan

Inca culture
1400-1532AD Machu Picchu

Real Peru 137

Peru Amazon Basin Southern Peru

The Peruvian Amazon Basin - Southern Peru


Approximately half of Peru lies in the Amazon Basin, making up approximately 15% of the Amazonian Jungle, the most bio-diverse region on earth.
Visits to this area need to be well planned in order to fully enjoy the experience and the wildlife viewing opportunities. We offer two types of jungle tours: staying in jungle lodges, and Amazon river cruises. Cusco is a good base for trips to the southern jungle areas with flights to both Puerto Maldonado and Manu National Biosphere Reserve, while Iquitos is the main base for trips into the northern jungle.

Rainforest Expeditions Lodges


Tambopata, Amazon Basin
FB

Sandoval Lake Lodge


Sandoval Lake, Amazon Basin
FB

Inkaterra-Reserva Amazonia
& daily activities included Tambopata, Amazon Basin
FB

& daily activities included

& daily activities included

The Tambopata Research Centre (TRC) is a simple lodge located in an extraordinary location, deep in virgin rainforest in the Tambopata National Reserve and just 500m from the worlds largest macaw clay lick. Access to the lodge is via a seven hour journey in a motorised canoe upriver from Puerto Maldonado. The journey is broken with overnight stays at Refugio Amazonas, and two nights is the minimum recommended stay at TRC. Built in an ecologically friendly manner to accommodate both researchers and tourists, TRC has 18 small twin bedded rooms, separated by cane walls up to 2.5m, and with one side open to the forest. The rooms and separate toilet/shower area are built on raised boardwalks. The dining room is also an open building that doubles as a bar. There is no electric lighting and electricity is limited to a few hours each day for charging camera batteries etc. It is also possible to stay at Rainforest Expeditions other two lodges, Refugio Amazonas and Posada Amazonas, in which the bedrooms are larger with a similar design but have private bathrooms, also with cold water.
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This lodge is located on the banks of Sandoval Lake and reaching the lodge is an experience in itself ! Upon arriving in Puerto Maldonado airport, there is a short drive to the Madre de Dios river followed by a 30 minute boat ride on the local motorised longboat to a point of entry on the riverbank which is a dirt track and can be muddy. It takes approximately one hour to walk inland (porters assist with luggage). From here all guests board a canoe and are expertly steered through a narrow canal before proceeding to the lake entrance and the lodge. The property is very rustic and basic, the rooms are small and have private facilities (shower only). Meals are quite simple and electricity is limited here. This lodge provides a very special experience and the wildlife is excellent be prepared to be woken at 4:00am by the cries of the howler monkey!
Ceiba Tree

Ideally positioned within the rainforest and close to the shores of the Madre de Dios river, this ecological lodge has been created by native artisans using authentic materials which blend in with the natural surroundings. It comprises of a two-storey pavilion with high ceilings which house the dining room, bar and lounge, and 34 rooms. The attractively furnished rooms (on small stilts) are wooden cabanas built in a traditional Amazonian style with log chairs on a private enclosed terrace. They are equipped with mosquito nets, hammocks and private shower, separate toilet and vanity area. There are standard, superior and suite cabanas. Electricity is limited here however kerosene lamps (and torches) are provided for the evenings which enhances the magic of being in this virgin tropical rainforest.

Peru Amazon Northern Peru

The Amazon - Northern Peru


Situated on the River Amazon, Iquitos in Northern Peru can only be reached by air or by boat. Surrounded by jungle and a maze of rivers and streams it is an isolated but busy city and a great starting point for an Amazon adventure.
River cruises are a good way of exploring this fascinating area in reasonable comfort, stopping at areas of interest with a guide. Giving unparalleled access deep into the jungle, these cruises allow you to experience the diverse and wonderful wildlife living both in the river and in the surrounding forest.

Useful Notes
Jungle
It is essential that you visit your local practice nurse or doctor for medical advice at least six weeks before your trip with regard to malarial prophylaxis and any inoculations you may need. Yellow fever certificates may also be necessary.

It is highly recommended to take:-

MV Delfin II
Iquitos
FB

MV Aqua
Iquitos
FB

3, 4 & 7 night itineraries available

3, 4 & 7 night itineraries for both dry & wet season

This comfortable 135 ft boat has 14 spacious wooden cabins, including four master suites and some interconnecting cabins for families, all with ensuite facilities, air-conditioning, hot water and a large panoramic window to enjoy the amazing jungle scenery. On the top deck is a comfortable observation deck which also features big sofas and hammocks from which to watch the river go by, while enjoying a refreshing drink from the el fresco bar. The air conditioned dining room on the upper deck offers well presented food, and there is also an onboard library. Jungle excursions by the three small launches, accompanied by knowledgeable guides, take place twice a day to a variety of river and creek locations and an amazing diversity of flora and fauna can be seen. The company are also committed to preserving the local communities and wildlife through sustainable projects such as creating their own private reserve and deforestation programmes.

This elegant 130ft boat provides a comfortable base from which to explore this magnificent part of the Amazon. Equipped with three launches MV Aqua offers guests a chance to experience first hand the pristine wilderness and waters teeming with wildlife, as well as the opportunity to meet with local people living in the rainforest. The eight suites and four master suites all have two beds that can be made up as a kingsize bed, a panoramic window, ensuite bathroom facilities and a sitting area. Four are interconnected for families. There is also a dining room and two bars; one in the outdoor lounge and one on the observation deck. Two naturalist guides accompany guests on each cruise.

Good comfortable shoes for walking/trekking Long trousers made of a light material Rain coat Binoculars Sun screen/block Sunglasses Hat Insect repellent Camera!

Wet and Dry Seasons


The Amazon basin receives on average 12 feet of rain a year over a period of 200 days, (60% of total rainfall falls in the wet season). The wet season runs from December to May and is the cooler of the two seasons. The river is approximately 23 feet higher meaning creeks, tributaries and lakes are more navigable allowing access to the heart of the jungle by boat. The dry season runs from June to November although rain is still in evidence. Trails that were flooded are now accessible on foot whilst access by small boat is more limited.

Real Peru 139

Peru Suggested Itineraries

Our Holidays in Peru & Suggested Itineraries


These itineraries are aimed at individual travellers (based on 2 sharing) rather than group departures and are merely suggestions. Please feel free to ask us to help you plan your own itinerary. For group quotations or single supplements please also contact us.
Below we outline four holiday combinations which we feel will enable you to capture and savour what this marvellous country has to offer. Having researched the country, we feel that certain sections are best approached using transfers, with local excursions and guides included where appropriate. However, in true Sunvil fashion, we are also able to offer self-drive options in the Sacred Valley and between Lima and Nasca for those who wish to be more independent. Due to space restrictions, it is not possible for us to feature all options. These itineraries are purely suggestions and tailor-made itineraries can be prepared upon request. All accommodation is in a standard room on a bed and breakfast basis, and all transfers and excursions (with English speaking guide) are private, unless otherwise stated. Please note that we are able to quote for land only arrangements but these have to be for a minimum of seven nights accommodation. Please see page 142 for prices.

Highlights of Southern Peru


This itinerary is ideal for those who wish to see the main highlights of Peru in a short time. Private transfers and internal flights included Lima 3 nights (total) BB Cusco 3 nights BB Sacred Valley 1 night BB Machu Picchu 1 night HB Puno 2 nights BB Day 1 Private transfer from Lima international airport to Hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 2 Private guided half day tour of Lima including the Archaeological Museum. Day 3 Private transfer to Lima airport for flight to Cusco. Private transfer to Casa San Blas. Check-in for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Afternoon to acclimatise. Day 4 Private guided half day tour of Cusco and local Inca sites including Sachyhuman. Day 5 Private guided full day tour of Sacred Valley including Pisac market (main day Sunday) and Ollantaytambo Inca fortress. Check-in to Pakaritampu, Ollanta, for

10 NIGHTS

overnight stay on bed and Breakfast basis. Day 6 Short walk to Ollanta station (porters take luggage). Vistadome Train to Aguas Calientes. Check-in to El Mapi for overnight stay on a half board basis. Private guided tour of Machu Picchu including lunch. Day 7 Second entry to Machu Picchu (no guide). Vistadome train to Poroy. Private transfer to Casa San Blas. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 8 Private transfer to Cusco station. Andean Explorer Train to Puno (Lake Titicaca) in first class carriage, approx 9 hours, includes lunch (Mon, Wed, Sat only). Private transfers to Casa Andina Private Collection, Puno. Check-in for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis in a lake view room. Day 9 Private guided tour to the Uros Floating Islands and Taquile Island. Day 10 Private transfer to Juliaca airport for flight to Lima. Private transfer to Hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 11 Private transfer to Lima airport.

Highlights of Northern Peru


A more off the beaten track itinerary, this combines well with the Highlights of Southern Peru. Not recommend during January or February. Private transfers and internal flights included Lima 2 nights (total) BB Chiclayo 2 nights BB Chachapoyas 1 night HB Tingo 1 night HB Leymebamba 1 night HB Cajamarca 2 nights BB Trujillo 2 nights BB Day 1 Private transfer from Lima international airport to Hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 2 Private transfer to Lima airport for flight to Chiclayo. Private transfer to Gran Hotel Chiclayo. Check-in for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Private guided excursion of Chiclayo including the Witches market. Afternoon: Private guided excursion to the Tombs of Sipan and the Royal Tombs Museum. Day 3 Private guided tour to Tucume. Afternoon: Private guided tour to Bruning Museum. Day 4 Private transfer to Chachapoyas, stopping at places of interest. Includes a packed lunch. Check-in to Casa Vieja for

11 NIGHTS

1 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 5 Private guided tour of Kuelap. Includes packed lunch. Check in to El Chillo for 1 night stay on a half board basis. Day 6 Private guided tour to Revash & Leymebamba Museum. Includes packed lunch. Check in to Leymebamba Museum for overnight stay on half board basis. Day 7 Private transfer to Cajamarca, stopping at places of interest. Includes packed lunch. Check-in to Laguna Sec, outside Cajamarca for a 2 night stay on a bed and breakfast basis. Day 8 Private guided excursion to Cumbemayo. Afternoon: Private guided tour of Cajamarca. Day 9 Private transfer to Trujillo. Check-in to Libertador Trujillo for a 2 night stay on a bed and breakfast basis. Day 10 Private guided excursion to the Moche Pyramids (Huaca Sol y Luna) and the Dragon / Rainbow Temple. Lunch at an Huanchaco beach restaurant. Afternoon: Private guided tour to Chan Chan. Day 11 Private transfer to Trujillo airport for flight to Lima. Private transfer to Hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Private guided excursion to Larco Herrera Museum. Day 12 Private transfer to Lima international airport.

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Peru Suggested Itineraries

Peru in Style (with jungle cruise extension)


This itinerary visits archaeological treasures in both North and South Peru. Private transfers and internal flights included Lima 3 nights BB Cusco 4 nights BB Machu Picchu 1 night FB Day 1 Private transfer from Lima international airport to Hotel Miraflores Park. Check-in for a 2 night stay in a seaview room on a bed & breakfast basis. Day 2 Private guided half day tour of Lima including the Archaeological Museum. Day 3 Private transfer to Lima airport for flight to Cusco. Private transfer to the La Casona. Afternoon to acclimatise. Check-in for 3 night stay in a suite room on a bed & breakfast basis. Day 4 Private guided half day tour of Cusco & local Inca sites including Sachyhuaman. Day 5 Private guided full day tour to the Sacred Valley including Pisac market (main day Sunday) & Ollantaytambo Inca fortress. Includes lunch. Day 6 Private transfer to Poroy station. Hiram Bingham (Orient Express) Train from Poroy to Aguas Calientes. Group transfer by minibus to Sanctuary Lodge. Check-in for an overnight stay in a (standard) room on a full board basis. Private guided tour of Machu Picchu. Day 7 Second entry to Machu Picchu (no

8 NIGHTS

guide). Hiram Bingham Train from Aguas Calientes to Poroy. Private transfer to La Casona. Check-in for overnight stay in a suite room on a bed & breakfast basis. Day 8 Private transfer to the airport for flight to Cusco to Lima. Private transfer to Hotel Miraflores Park. Check-in for an overnight stay in a seaview room on a bed & breakfast basis. Day 9 Private transfer to Lima international airport.

Jungle Cruise Extension


Lima 1 night BB Amazon Cruise 3 nights FB

4 NIGHTS

Panoramic Peru (with jungle extension)


An itinerary incorporating the scenic highlights of Peru. Private transfers and internal flights included Lima 3 nights (total) BB Arequipa 1 night BB Colca Valley 1 nights HB Puno 2 nights BB Suasi Island 2 nights FB Cusco 3 nights BB Sacred Valley 2 nights BB Machu Picchu 1 night HB Day 1 Private transfer from Lima international airport to Hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 2 Private guided half day tour of Lima including Archaeological Museum. Day 3 Private transfer to Lima airport for flight to Arequipa. Private transfer to La Hosteria. Check-in for 1 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Private guided tour of Arequipa including Santa Catalina Convent. Day 4 Cross the altiplano (to 4,800m) to Colca Valley stopping at places of interest. Check-in to Colca Lodge for 1 night stay on half board basis. Day 5 Private guided tour of the Colca valley including Colca Canyon and Mirador Cruz del Condors. Private transfer to Puno (approx 5 hours). Check-in to Casa Andina Private Collection, Puno, lake view room for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 6 Group boat transfer to Suasi Island via Uros Floating Islands and Taquile Island (approx 5 hours). Check in to Casa Andina Private Collection, Suasi Island for a 2 night stay on a full board basis. Day 7 Day at leisure. Day 8 Land transfer to Puno. Check-in to Casa Andina Private Collection, Puno, lake view room for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 9 Private transfer to Puno station. Andean Explorer Train to Cusco (approx 9 hours), first class carriage includes lunch.

15 NIGHTS

Private transfer to Hotel Casa San Blas. Check-in for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 10 Private guided half day tour of Cusco and local Inca sites including Sachyhuaman. Day 11 Full day private guided tour to the Sacred Valley including Pisac market (main day Sunday), Maras and Moray. Check-in to Sol y Luna for 2 night stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 12 Private guided tour to Willoc Community and Ollantaytambo Inca fortress. Day 13 Private transfer to Ollanta station. Vistadome Train to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu Town). Check-in for 1 night stay on bed & breakfast. Private guided tour of Machu Picchu with minibus transfers and lunch. Day 14 Second entry to Machu Picchu (no guide). Vistadome train to Poroy. Private transfer to Hotel Casa San Blas. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 15 Private transfer to Cusco airport for flight to Lima. Private transfer to hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 16 Private transfer to Lima international airport.

Day 9 Private transfer to the airport for flight to Iquitos. Group transfer to boat. Board MV (Delfin II) for a 3 night cruise on a full board basis. Guided jungle excursions included. Day 12 Group transfer to the airport for flight to Lima. Private transfer to Miraflores Park. Check-in for an overnight stay in a seaview room on a bed & breakfast basis. Day 13 Private transfer to Lima international airport. NB Amazon Cruise for 4 nights & 7 nights also available.

Jungle Lodge Extension


Amazon basin 3 nights FB Lima 1 night BB

4 NIGHTS

Day 15 Private transfer to Cusco airport for flight to Puerto Maldonado. Group transfer to Sandoval Lake Lodge by motorised canoe. Check in for 3 nights stay on full board. Guided jungle excursions. Day 16 Guided jungle excursions. Day 17 Guided jungle excursions. Day 18 Group transfer by motorised canoe to airport for flight to Lima. Private transfer to Hotel Antigua Miraflores. Check-in for overnight stay on bed and breakfast basis. Day 19 Private transfer to Lima international airport.
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Peru Flight details and prices

Flight Details
There is a good choice of airlines operating to Peru from London Heathrow. For regional departures, please see the relevant details under each carrier. As an independent operator, we are not tied to any particular carrier and we are more than happy to give our honest opinion (from personal experience) of their respective services. We will always endeavour to offer the carrier representing the best value for money at any given time of year. Generally business class fares to Latin America are very high. Supplements for business class are available on request.

Daily D Heathrow 06.30 A Amsterdam08.55 D Amsterdam10.00 A Lima 15.45 *following day

Daily D Lima 18.00 A Amsterdam13.20* D Amsterdam 14.50 A Heathrow 15.15

Mon, Wed, Sat D Heathrow 18.50 A Madrid 22.10 D Madrid 00.35 A Lima 06.00 *following day

D A D A

Tue, Fri, Sun Lima 19.00 Madrid 14.00* Madrid 16.30 Heathrow 17.50

Daily D Heathrow 09.40 A Miami 13.45 D Miami 16.50 A Lima 21.25 *following day

Daily D Lima 07.05 A Miami 13.45 D Miami 17.20 A Heathrow 06.35*

Daily D Heathrow 06.20 A Madrid 09.40 D Madrid 12.45 A Lima 18.50 *following day

Daily D Lima 20.55 A Madrid 14.25* D Madrid 16.30 A Heathrow 17.50

Economy seat pitch Amsterdam-Lima: 30-31ins Regional departures include: Aberdeen, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Humberside, Leeds Bradford, Manchester, Newcastle, Norwich & Teeside.
D A

Economy seat pitch Madrid Lima: 32ins Please note, Heathrow-Madrid sector is operated by Iberia Airlines or British Airways.

Economy seat pitch Heathrow-Miami: 31ins Please note: Miami - Lima - Miami sectors on American Airlines. (Economy seat pitch 31-32ins)

Economy seat pitch Madrid-Lima: 32ins

= Departure time = Arrival time

The above details were correct at the time of going to press. However, all timings and routings are subject to change and will be confirmed at the time of booking.

Prices for suggested itineraries


Holiday prices are in 's per person for duration stated based on two persons sharing a twin/double room. PLEASE NOTE AT THE TIME OF GOING TO PRESS FINALISED AIRLINE AND GROUND PRICES WERE NOT AVAILABLE.THEREFORE, THE PRICES BELOW ARE A GUIDELINE ONLY. PLEASE CONTACT US FOR AN EXACT QUOTE.DURING EASTER AND CHRISTMAS/NEW YEAR PERIODS SPECIAL SEASONAL RATES AND MINIMUM NUMBER OF NIGHTS MAY APPLY. Departure Date determines price. See pages 139-140 for suggested itineraries. For itineraries combining Peru with other countries see pages 22-29. ITINERARY Highlights of Southern Peru Lima, Cusco, Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca Highlights of Northern Peru Lima, Chiclayo, Chachapoyas, Tingo, Leymebamba,Cajamarca, Trujillo Panoramic Peru Lima, Arequipa, Colca valley, Puno, Suasi Island, Cusco Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu Jungle Lodge Extension Amazon Basin, Lima Peru in Style Lima, Cusco, Machu Picchu Jungle Cruise extension Amazon Basin, Lima Price includes Economy scheduled flights from London Heathrow with Iberia (via Madrid) including UK airport departure tax and fuel surcharges Accommodation, internal flights, transfers, excursions and meals as outlined in the various itineraries Number of Nights 10 nights 11 nights Departure Dates 01/01/11 - 15/06/11 21/08/11 - 30/11/11 Guideline price 2,820 3,794 Departure Dates 16/06/11 - 20/08/11 01/12/11 - 31/12/11 Guideline price 3,041 3,997

15 nights 4 nights 8 nights 4 nights

4,094 565 3,899 1,774

4,329 565 4,139 1,774

Not included Personal Travel Insurance (see page 246) Airport taxes for internal flights Park entrance fees (where not specified on the itinerary) Supplement for other airlines and airports Tips

Notes Single supplements are available on request

Important Note Payment by credit or charge card will incur a 2% processing charge. This charge may rise if the credit card companies increase their charges.

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Peru A Few Guidelines

Peru - A Few Guidelines


Currency
Peruvian currency is the Nuevo Sol (S/). Bills come in S/ 10, 20, 50, and 100 denominations. There are 10 centimos to one Nuevo Sol. At the time of going to press the exchange rate was 4.28 to 1 sterling.

Food
Lunch is the main meal of the day in Peru, but restaurants do stay open till quite late for dinner in the evenings. Peruvian cuisine is very tasty and varied and most restaurants will also serve international dishes. The seafood is of high quality, especially along the coast. Generally, menus are printed in Spanish and English. Depending on the class of restaurant, a good meal will cost from US$10 to US$20 per person.

Weather / When to Go
There are two seasons in Peru, wet and dry. The weather does vary greatly depending on the geographical region. The desert coast is arid. During the summer months (January to March) the sky is mostly clear and it tends to be hot and sticky with temperatures around 28oC degrees. During the rest of the year, the coastal mist known as the garua drifts in and the sun is almost always obscured, with the temperatures falling to lows of about 15oC degrees from July to September. Moving inland and climbing from Nasca, which is around 600 metres above sea level to around 2,500 metres at Arequipa, you will find this area is not affected by the garua. Rainfall is highest between January and March, with a maximum in February of about 40 millimetres. Temperatures in this region are fairly constant throughout the year from 8oC degrees in winter (July to September) to 20oC degrees in summer (January to March). The Cusco and Machu Picchu areas in the Andes experience the seasons more acutely. Here, the drier season is between May and August and it is also colder, with temperatures at 0oC degrees during the night from June to August. The heaviest rains fall from December to March. Daytime temperatures can reach 20oC degrees all year in this area. Iquitos and Puerto Maldonado, in the Amazon Basin, are the wettest areas with the lowest rainfall of 150 millimetres being in July and August, rising to a high of 300 millimetres in March and April.

displayed when collecting the vehicle. Remember to photocopy your driving licence and carry it separately. The general policy (unless advised otherwise) is to receive the car with a full tank of petrol and to therefore return it full on drop-off - if you forget, your credit card will be charged automatically! Limited mileage of 200km per day (US$0.59 for each extra km), roadside breakdown assistance, local taxes and Collision Damage Waiver are included in the Hertz car-hire rates. Minimum age for renting a vehicle is 25 but there is no maximum age. The CDW covers you for damage of your vehicle and any third parties (up to the value of US$10,000) arising from normal use of the car. Drivers are, however, liable if radio or lights are taken, or a window broken. The vehicle must be returned to the office on time otherwise extra charges will apply (payable locally). There is a $5 per day charge for a second driver.

Visas
Travellers with British passports do not need visas to enter Peru. However, please ensure your passport has at least six months to run from the date of arrival in the country. Please also take several photocopies of the main page of your passport with you. You are required to fill in a Tourist Card in duplicate on arrival. You retain a copy to be presented on departure. Please keep it in a safe place as non-production of the form may cause problems upon departure at the airport. UK passport holders are permitted to enter the United States (including when in transit) without a visa under the Visa Waiver programme for 90 days or less from their arrival date (see ESTA information below). A machine-readable passport will be required in order to travel visa free. A machine readable passport can generally be identified by the presence of two typeface lines and numbers (with chevrons >>>) printed at the bottom of the page displaying your photo and personal details. If you are in any doubt as to whether or not your passport is a machine-readable passport, you should check with the UK Passport office.

Vaccinations / Health
Always check with your doctor / practise nurse as to the latest health requirements no later than four weeks before departure. Vaccinations are not required by the Peruvian Government to enter the country, but Hepatitis, Tetanus, Typhoid and Diptheria vaccines are generally recommended. If you are planning to visit the Amazonian region then a course of Malaria tablets is strongly recommended. A yellow fever vaccination may also be required. Do not drink tap water or consume ice cubes - only drink bottled water. Altitude sickness may be a problem in the Andes and the following precautions help to minimise the effects: on arrival at your hotel rest for three to four hours to acclimatise to the altitude; when ascending hills do so slowly; drink extra fluids and avoid alcohol; eat light meals and avoid sedatives if possible. Locals often recommended drinking coca tea. We also recommend regular use of a sun block to protect your skin against the strong tropical sun, especially at high altitudes.

Electronic System for Travel Authorisation ( ESTA)


The USA government has enforced changes to its visa-waiver programme meaning travellers (including transit passengers) will be required to apply for authorisation to travel under the scheme before arriving at the airport. The changes, which came into effect in January 2009 will affect all passport holders from the 34 countries currently participating in the visa-waiver scheme, including UK passport holders. Further details will be supplied at the time of booking.

Language
Spanish is the main language. In the highlands, people are often bilingual, with Quechua spoken in most areas. The exception is around Lake Titicaca where Spanish and Aymara are the two languages. English is generally spoken in the hotels, larger restaurants, airline offices and tourist agencies but is not common anywhere else in the country.

Time
Peru is five hours behind Greenwich Mean Time.

Recommended Reading
Peru travel guides published by Lonely Planet, Rough Guides, Bradt and Footprint serve as a useful insight into the country. Approximate driving times
Cusco - Pisac Cusco - Chinchero Cusco - Ollanta Chinchero - Urubamba Pisac - Urubamba Urubamba - Ollanta Cusco - Puno: -private car (no stops) -Andean Explorer Train -pubic bus (stops en route) Lima - Paracas Paracas - Ica Paracas - Nasca Ica - Nasca Nasca - Lima Nasca - Arequipa 45 mins 1 hour 1.5 hours 45 mins 40 mins 20 mins

Driving
The roads are generally asphalted and the driving (on the right) is quite civilised outside Lima. There is a high profile of traffic police on all main roads and cities. There are many tolls on the highways, especially around the larger cities of Lima and Arequipa.

Car hire
In order to be independent and maximise your experience of the country, we recommend self-drive along the southern Pacific Coast and the Sacred Valley. The main roads in this part of Peru are reasonably good, and so we recommend a Saloon car (Toyota Corolla or similar) with air-conditioning. We have selected Hertz as our supplier in Peru. They have a number of different offices around the country so cars can be picked up at one location and dropped off at another. Any drop off charges will be automatically included in your holiday cost. A UK driving licence (international licence is preferable), passport and credit card will need to be

Biometric passports
There is a requirement by the US authorities that passports issued on or after October 26 2006 must be biometric. Your current passport will remain valid until its expiry date. Machine-readable passports with a digital image will continue to meet the criteria of the Visa Waiver Programme (VWP) and most British Citizens will not require a US visa.

Hotel Gradings
Hotels are graded on a UK type system from Deluxe downwards. The Hosterias are not graded but generally are of good, three star European hotel standards. All the hotels we feature have private facilities, with either bath and shower or shower unless otherwise stated. You will find the overall standard of our hotels very satisfactory.

6 hours 9 hours 9 hours 3.5 hours 45 mins 3.5 hours 2 hours 7 hours 8 hours

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