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2007

World Health Statistics 2007 has been collated from


publications and databases produced by WHOs
technical programmes and regional offices. The core
set of indicators was selected on the basis of their
relevance to global health, the availability and quality
of the data, and the accuracy and comparability
of estimates. The statistics for the indicators are
derived from an interactive process of data collection,
compilation, quality assessment and estimation
occurring among WHOs technical programmes and
its Member States. During this process, WHO strives
to maximize the accessibility, accuracy, comparability
and transparency of health statistics.

ISBN 978 92 4 156340 6

9 789241 563406

gn

ta

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS

World Health Statistics 2007 presents the most recent


health statistics for WHOs 193 Member States. This
third edition includes a section highlighting 10 of the
most important global health statistics for the past
year as well as an expanded set of 50 health statistics.

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WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


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WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data


World health statistics 2007.
1.Health status indicators. 2.World health. 3.Health services - statistics. 4.Mortality.
5.Life expectancy. 6.Demography. 7.Statistics. I.World Health Organization.
ISBN 978 92 4 156340 6
ISBN 978 92 4 068211 5 (electronic version)

(NLM classication: WA 900.1)

World Health Organization 2007


All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization can be obtained from WHO Press, World Health
Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857;
e-mail: bookorders@who.int). Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications whether for
sale or for noncommercial distribution should be addressed to WHO Press, at the above address (fax: +41 22
791 4806; e-mail: permissions@who.int).
The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of
any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country,
territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines
on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.
The mention of specic companies or of certain manufacturers products does not imply that they are endorsed or
recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.
Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters.
All reasonable precautions have been taken by the World Health Organization to verify the information contained
in this publication. However, the published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. The responsibility for the interpretation and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event
shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use.
This publication was produced by the Department of Measurement and Health Information Systems of the Information, Evidence and Research Cluster, under the overall direction of Ties Boerma and Kenji Shibuya, in collaboration with WHO technical programmes and regional ofces, and assisted by Zoe Brillantes, Maria Guraiib, Mie
Inoue, Yohannes Kinfu and Doris Ma Fat.
Valuable inputs to the statistical highlights in Part 1 were received from Monika Bloessner, Ties Boerma, Somnath
Chatterji, Mercedes de Onis, Christopher Dye, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Charu Garg, Mehran Hosseini, Ahmadreza
Hosseinpoor, Mie Inoue, Yohannes Kinfu, Doris Ma Fat, Colin Mathers, Ritu Sadana, Kenji Shibuya, Tessa Tan-Torres
and Catherine Watt. Maps were produced by the Public Health Mapping and Geographic Information Systems team,
Communicable Disease and Surveillance.
Contributors to the statistical tables in Part 2 were: Michel Beusenberg, Monika Bloessner, Cynthia Boschi Pinto,
Claire Chauvin, Mercedes de Onis, Christopher Dye, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Marta Gacic Dobo, Charu Garg,
Chika Hayashi, Mehran Hosseini, Ahmadreza Hosseinpoor, Chandika Indikadahena, Mie Inoue, Yohannes Kinfu,
Teena Kunjumen, Doris Ma Fat, Colin Mathers, Chizuru Nishida, Vladimir Pozniak, Eva Rehfuess, Dag Rekve,
Leanne Riley, Lale Say, Kenji Shibuya, Jonathan Siekmann, Jacqueline Sims, Yves Souteyrand, Tessa Tan-Torres,
Jeanette Vega, Catherine Watt, and many staff in WHO country ofces, governmental departments and agencies
and international institutions. Additional help and advice were kindly provided by regional ofces and members
of their staff, including Yok-Ching Chong, Anton Fric, Remigijus Prochorskas, Saher Shuqaidef, William SoumbeyAlley and Fernando Zacarias.
The publication was edited by Miriam Pinchuk. Editorial and production support was provided by the Department
of Knowledge Management and Sharing, including Caroline Allsopp, Ian Coltart, Laragh Gollogly, Maryvonne
Grisetti, Sophie Guetaneh Aguettant, Hooman Momen, and Catherine Roch. The web site version and other electronic media were provided by the Digital Publishing Solution, Ltd. Proofreading was by Melanie Lauckner. We also
thank Susan Piccolo and Petra Schuster for their administrative support.
Printed in France

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Table of Contents
Introduction

Part 1. Ten statistical highlights in global public health

1. Monitoring progress: appropriate use of health statistics


2. People living with HIV: better data, better estimates
3. Future health: projected deaths for selected causes to 2030
4. Child undernutrition: where are we now?
5. Levels and causes of death: lling data gaps
6. Tobacco use and poverty: high prevalence among the worlds poorest
7. Mental illness: depression worsens the health of people with chronic illness
8. Inequalities in health: understanding their determinants
9. Tuberculosis control: towards goals and targets
10. Health expenditure: meeting needs?

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References

20

Part 2. World health statistics


Health status: mortality

21
22

Life expectancy at birth (years)


Healthy life expectancy (HALE) at birth (years)
Probability of dying aged 1560 years per 1 000 population (adult mortality rate)
Probability of dying aged < 5 years per 1 000 live births (under-5 mortality rate)
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
Neonatal mortality rate (per 1 000 live births)
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births)
Deaths due to HIV/AIDS (per 100 000 population per year)
Deaths due to tuberculosis among HIV-negative people (per 100 000 population per year)
Deaths due to tuberculosis among HIV-positive people (per 100 000 population per year)
Age-standardized mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population)
Distribution of years of life lost by broader causes (%)
Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 years (%)

Health status: morbidity

32

HIV prevalence among adults aged 15 years (per 100 000 population)
Prevalence of tuberculosis (per 100 000 population)
Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100 000 population per year)
Number of conrmed cases of poliomyelitis

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Health service coverage

36

Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds with one dose of measles (%)


Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds with three doses of diphtheria,
tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) (%)
Immunization coverage among 1-year-olds with three doses of Hepatitis B (HepB3) (%)
Antenatal care coverage (%)
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%)
Contraceptive prevalence rate (%)
Children aged < 5 years sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets (%)
Antiretroviral therapy coverage among people with advanced HIV infections (%)
HIV-infected pregnant women who received antiretrovirals for PMTCT (%)
Tuberculosis detection rate under DOTS (%)
Tuberculosis treatment success under DOTS (%)
Children aged < 5 years with ARI symptoms taken to facility (%)
Children aged < 5 years with diarrhoea receiving ORT (%)
Children aged < 5 years with fever who received treatment with any antimalarial (%)
Children 659 months who received vitamin A supplementation (%)
Births by Caesarean section (%)

Risk factors

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Children aged < 5 years stunted for age (%)


Children aged < 5 years underweight for age (%)
Children aged < 5 years overweight for age (%)
Low-birthweight newborns (%)
Adults aged 15 years who are obese (%)
Access to improved drinking water sources (%)
Access to improved sanitation (%)
Population using solid fuels (%)
Prevalence of current tobacco use in adolescents (1315 years) (%)
Prevalence of current tobacco use among adults ( 15 years) (%)
Per capita recorded alcohol consumption (litres of pure alcohol) among adults ( 15 years)
Prevalence of condom use by young people (1524 years) at higher risk sex (%)

Health systems

56

Human resources for health


Physicians; Nurses; Midwives; Dentists; Pharmacists; Public and environmental health
workers; Community health workers; Laboratory health workers; Other health workers; Health
management and support workers
4

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Table of Contents
Health expenditure ratios
Total expenditure on health as % of gross domestic product
General government expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health
Private expenditure on health as % of total expenditure on health
General government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure
External resources for health as % of total expenditure on health
Social security expenditure on health as % of general government expenditure on health
Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of private expenditure on health
Private prepaid plans as % of private expenditure on health
Health expenditure aggregates
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$)
Per capita total expenditure on health at international dollar rate
Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$)
Per capita government expenditure on health at international dollar rate
Coverage of vital registration of deaths (%)
Hospital beds (per 10 000 population)

Inequities in health

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Probability of dying aged < 5 years per 1 000 live births (under-5 mortality rate)
by place of residence; by wealth quintile; by educational level of mother
Children aged < 5 years stunted for age (%)
by place of residence; by wealth quintile; by educational level of mother
Births attended by skilled health personnel (%)
by place of residence; by wealth quintile; by educational level of mother
Measles immunization coverage among 1-year-olds
by place of residence; by wealth quintile; by educational level of mother

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics


Population (thousands)
Annual population growth rate (%)
Population in urban areas (%)
Total fertility rate (per woman)
Adolescent fertility rate (%)
Adult literacy rate (%)
Net primary school enrolment ratio (%)
Gross national income per capita (international$)
Population living below the poverty line (% living on < US$1 per day)

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Introduction
World health statistics 2007 presents the most recent health statistics for WHOs 193 Member States. This
third edition includes a section with 10 highlights of global health statistics for the past year as well as an
expanded set of 50 health statistics.
World health statistics 2007 has been collated from publications and databases produced by WHOs
technical programmes and regional ofces. The core set of indicators was selected on the basis of their
relevance to global health, the availability and quality of the data, and the accuracy and comparability
of estimates. The statistics for the indicators are derived from an interactive process of data collection,
compilation, quality assessment and estimation occurring among WHOs technical programmes and its
Member States. During this process, WHO strives to maximize the accessibility, accuracy, comparability
and transparency of health statistics.1
In addition to national statistics, this publication presents statistics on the distribution of selected health
outcomes and interventions within countries, disaggregated by gender, age, urban versus rural setting,
wealth, and educational level. Such statistics are primarily derived from analyses of household surveys
and are available only for a limited number of countries. We envisage that the number of countries reporting disaggregated data will increase during the next few years.
The core indicators do not aim to capture all relevant aspects of health but to provide a comprehensive
summary of the current status of a populations health and the health system at country level. These indicators include: mortality outcomes, morbidity outcomes, risk factors, coverage of selected health interventions, health systems, inequalities in health, and demographic and socioeconomic statistics.
All statistics have been cleared as WHOs ofcial gures in consultation with Member States unless
otherwise stated. WHOs estimates use data from publicly accessible databases, peer-reviewed methods of
estimation, and consultation with experts around the world. The estimates published here should, however,
still be regarded as best estimates made by WHO rather than the ofcial view of Member States.
As the demand for timely, reliable and comparable information on key health statistics continues to
increase, users need to be well informed about the denitions used and the quality and limitations of
health statistics. More detailed information, including a compendium of statistics and an online version of
this publication, is available from WHOs Statistical Information System (http://www.who.int/statistics). The
web site also includes information on how each statistic is derived.
The online version of World health statistics 2007 will be updated regularly, and it includes the most recent
estimates and time-series of relevant health statistics. The online version also provides, whenever possible, metadata describing the sources of data, estimation methods and quality of estimates. It is hoped
that careful scrutiny and use of the statistics presented in this report will lead to progressively better measurement of relevant indicators of population health and health systems.

1. To meet these objectives, WHO has initiated the organization-wide Programme on Health Statistics.
For more information, see http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/programme/en/index.html.
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Part 1
Ten statistical highlights
in global public health

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1. Monitoring progress: appropriate


use of health statistics
How the maternal
mortality ratio was
estimated in 20004

Estimation of under-ve mortality


rates from recent data: Malawi13
Under-ve mortality rate per 1 000 live births

450
400

Regression
model of covariates
39%

350

Complete vital
registration data
35%

300
250

Reproductive
age mortality studies
8%

200

Household
surveys or censuses
18%

150
100

Note: The maternal mortality ratio was estimated


for 173 countries.

Best estimate

50
0
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
Year

Note: Each point in the gure is a mortality rate for children under 5 years of age (under-ve mortality
rate) derived from questions in household surveys or censuses about the survival history of children
(direct method) or from questions on children ever born and still alive in the household (indirect method).

The ability to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) depends primarily on data
availability. There is a stark contrast between the data available about the under-ve mortality rate, the indicator for
MDG 4, and the maternal mortality ratio, against which MDG 5 is monitored.
Under-ve mortality rates are derived from vital registration systems, censuses and household surveys.1 In most
countries, there are data points available over time, and these are analysed to obtain the best current estimate.
Uncertainty occurs when there is a need to project estimates forward to the current year since the most recent
data generally refer to a few years earlier. Measuring the maternal mortality ratio has been a greater challenge
because, compared with deaths among children, maternal deaths are rare events. In countries without a
complete death registration system and medical certication, large-scale household surveys or censuses using
verbal autopsy techniques provide estimates of the ratio, since facility-based statistics are inherently biased.
Even then, much uncertainty remains. As a consequence, the global estimate of the maternal mortality ratio
is published only once every ve years, and in 2000, 40% of countries estimates were based on gures predicted by regression.4 The ability to reliably assess trends in maternal mortality is limited.
For monitoring, it is important to distinguish between corrected and predicted statistics.5,6 Corrected statistics use
adjustments made for known biases and, if needed, are based on a systematic reconciliation of data from multiple
sources using established, transparent methods. Predicted statistics use a set of assumptions about the association between other factors and the quantity of interest, such as maternal mortality, to ll gaps in the data over time
(projecting into the present or future) or space (from one population with data to another with limited or no data).
Predicted statistics are not suitable for monitoring progress. Unfortunately, the MDG monitoring process relies heavily on predicted statistics.5 This mismatch was created partly by the demand for more timely statistics and partly by
the lack of data and good measurement strategies for certain statistics. It is crucial for the international community
to invest in data collection and use indicators that are valid, reliable and comparable; the international community
must also have well-dened measurement strategies for monitoring progress and evaluating health programmes.7
10

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2007

2. People living with HIV: better data,


better estimates
Number of people living with HIV: comparing past and
current estimates814
50

Past estimates

Number of people infected (millions)

Current estimates

40

30

20

10

0
2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Year

The exact number of people living with HIV is unknown despite the fact that HIV infection can easily be
diagnosed by a widely used antibody test. Achieving 100% certainty about the number of people living with HIV
globally would require testing every person in the world for HIV every year. Nonetheless, we can estimate the
number by using data from different sources, such as surveillance of pregnant women attending antenatal clinics,
household surveys with HIV testing and sentinel surveillance among populations at higher risk of HIV infection.
UNAIDS and WHO, in close consultation with countries, employ a standardized method for obtaining estimates
of HIV prevalence among men and women. An increasing number of countries have adopted these methods to
develop their own national estimates. But an estimate is only as good as the data. As more complete data become
available, past estimates may need to be adjusted. This is the case for the AIDS epidemic. The bars in the gure
estimate the number of people infected with HIV at the time of publication of each annual AIDS epidemic update
since 2000.814 The line shows the best estimates for each year that were made in 2006 in the most recent
update: this reveals not only that the size of the epidemic had been overestimated previously but also that it is still
growing. The ranges around the estimates reect the degree of uncertainty about global HIV estimates.
Improvements in recent estimates are the result of revisions made using better data. These revisions used
data from national population-based surveys and beneted from improvements in the quality and coverage of
sentinel surveillance systems in many countries.
The latest estimates cannot be compared directly with estimates published previously. It would be incorrect to
derive a trend by comparing the bars. The 2006 estimates for this year and past years (indicated by the line)
are more accurate than those produced in previous years since they are based on improved methods and
used more data than earlier estimates. The need to exercise caution is not unusual when comparing global
estimates of disease over time.
11

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3. Future health: projected deaths for


selected causes to 2030
Projected global deaths for selected causes of death, 2002203015

Projected global deaths (millions)

12

Cancers
Ischaemic
heart disease

10

Stroke
HIV/AIDS

Tuberculosis

Other infectious
diseases

Malaria

Road traffic
accidents

0
2000

2010

2020

2030

Year

Predicted statistics have an important and useful role in helping to inform planning and strategic decisionmaking, and in prioritizing research and development issues. According to projections carried out by WHO
and published in early 2006,15 the world will experience a substantial shift in the distribution of deaths from
younger age groups to older age groups, and from communicable diseases to noncommunicable diseases
during the next 25 years. Large declines in mortality are projected to occur between 2002 and 2030 for all of
the principal communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional causes, with the exception of HIV/AIDS. Global
deaths from HIV/AIDS are projected to rise from 2.8 million in 2002 to 6.5 million in 2030 under a baseline
scenario that assumes antiretroviral drug coverage reaches 80% by 2012.
Although age-specic death rates for most noncommunicable diseases are projected to decline, the ageing
of the global population will result in signicant increases in the total number of deaths caused by most noncommunicable diseases over the next 30 years. Overall, noncommunicable conditions will account for almost
70% of all deaths in 2030 under the baseline scenario. The projected 40% increase in global deaths resulting
from injury between 2002 and 2030 is predominantly due to the increasing number of deaths from road trafc
accidents.
The four leading causes of death globally in 2030 are projected to be ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease (stroke), HIV/AIDS and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The total number of tobaccoattributable deaths is projected to rise from 5.4 million in 2005 to 6.4 million in 2015 and to 8.3 million in
2030. Tobacco is projected to kill 50% more people in 2015 than HIV/AIDS and to be responsible for 10%
of all deaths.

12

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2007

4. Child undernutrition:
where are we now?
Geographical pattern of stunting in children under 5 years of age16

The release of WHOs new Child Growth Standards (http://www.who.int/childgrowth/en) has an impact on estimates of undernutrition among children. Global, regional and country estimates have been recalculated using
the new standards, which include data from 388 national surveys in 139 countries.16
In 2005, in all developing countries 32% of children under 5 years of age (178 million children) were estimated
to be stunted (that is, their height fell 2 standard deviations below the median height-for-age of the reference
population). In that year, more than 40% of stunting was found in the WHO regions of Africa and South-East
Asia, around 25% in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and 1015% in the regions of the Americas and the
Western Pacic. Of the 39 countries with a prevalence of stunting of 40% and higher, 22 are in the African
Region, 7 in South-East Asia, 4 in the Eastern Mediterranean, 4 in the Western Pacic, and 1 each in Europe
and in the Americas. Of the 35 countries with a stunting prevalence lower than 20%, 13 are in the Region of the
Americas, 11 in Europe, 6 in the Eastern Mediterranean, 3 in the Western Pacic and 2 in South-East Asia.
Wasting (dened as being 2 standard deviations below the median of weight-for-height) is a sign of acute malnutrition and is a strong predictor of mortality among children. The global estimate of wasting occurring among
children under 5 years of age based on WHOs new standards is 10% (or 55 million). The highest number of
affected children 29 million is estimated to live in southcentral Asia. The same regional pattern is found
for severe wasting (dened as being 3 standard deviations below the median), with an estimated total prevalence of 4% or 19 million children affected. Many of these children are likely to die before reaching the age
of 5 years. In general, compared with estimates based on the previous international reference, stunting rates
are higher for all age groups when the new WHO standards are used. Additionally, the prevalences of wasting and severe wasting are higher during the rst half of infancy with the new WHO standards; and thereafter
severe wasting rates continue to be 1.5 to 2.5 times higher than those of the previous reference.

13

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5. Levels and causes of death:


lling data gaps
Quality of cause-of-death information from national civil registration systems,
based on latest data received from WHO Member States, circa 200317,19

Note: The criteria used to assess the quality of cause-of-death information are valid for data from national civil registration systems. Therefore,
they do not apply to China and India since they report data from sample registration systems, which cover < 10% of their populations.

Accurate and timely data on deaths and causes of death with medical certication are essential. WHO collects
information on causes of death from its Member States annually. However, for more than a fourth of the worlds
population largely located in Africa, South-East Asia and the Middle East there are no recent data available
to WHO, and these are the areas where much of the burden of disease falls. Altogether, 115 Member States
have some form of death registration known to WHO; this includes China and India, which also have sample
vital registration systems.
There are delays in compiling, analysing and reporting these statistics: by 2007 WHO had received reports for
2004 or 2005 for 64 (56%) countries. An assessment of the quality of cause-of-death information by WHO
suggested that ideal systems operate in only 29 of 115 countries that report such statistics to WHO; these systems represent less than 13% of the worlds population.17 In the remaining countries mortality statistics suffer
from one or more of the following problems: incomplete registration of births and deaths, lay reporting of the
cause of death, poor coverage and incorrect reporting of ages.
The ultimate goals should be to establish complete vital registration with medical certication of deaths in all
countries. National governments, with the support of international organizations, need to continue to make
efforts to improve the coverage and quality of vital registration systems.
At the same time, complementary approaches to complete vital registration are needed to respond to the
demand for timely information and to assess the performance of the systems themselves. WHO, in collaboration with its partners, is stepping up efforts to improve the quality of data that underlies its overall estimates
of mortality by age, sex and cause.18 Such efforts include making better use of household surveys and censuses, implementing standardized verbal autopsy instruments, and using data from partial vital registration
and sources other than vital registration.
14

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2007

6. Tobacco use and poverty:


high prevalence among
the worlds poorest

50

14 000

1st quintile (poorest)


5th quintile (richest)
Per capita GDP

40

12 000
10 000

30

8 000
6 000

20

4 000
10

2 000

0
SEAR

AFR

WPR
EMR
WHO region*

AMR

Per capita gross domestic product, 2004


(international $)

Prevalence of daily tobacco smoking,


20032004 (%)

Daily tobacco smoking among adults aged 18 years and older,


by income quintile and WHO region20

EUR

SEAR, South-East Asia; AFR, African; EMR, Eastern Mediterranean; WPR, Western Pacific; AMR, Americas; EUR, European.

Health inequalities refer to differences in health status or in the distribution of health determinants between
different populations. The burden of disease attributable to tobacco use weighs increasingly heavily on populations in developing economies. According to the latest estimates, more than 80% of the 8.3 million deaths
attributed to tobacco and projected to the year 2030 will occur in low-income and middle-income countries.15
Data on the prevalence of smoking among adults in developing countries are limited. WHOs World Health Survey provides a valuable insight into the comparative prevalence among adults aged 18 and older.20 The results
of the 20032004 survey indicate that daily tobacco smoking is most prevalent among the lowest-income
households in developing economies that is, among the poorest of the poor. Indeed, prevalence is highest
among the poor in all WHO regions except the European Region. The difference in prevalence between the poor
and the (relatively) rich is greatest among the group of South-East Asian countries surveyed, where average per
capita income is lowest.
The combination of a higher prevalence of tobacco use and more limited access to health resources results
in severe health inequalities, and is likely to perpetuate the vicious circle of illness and poverty. Inequalities
between and within countries in terms of the risk of infectious diseases now have been extended to inequalities
in risk factors for noncommunicable diseases; this has implications for health systems at all levels.

* Surveyed countries in each region include: African Region (AFR): Burkina Faso, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cte dIvoire, Ethiopia, Ghana,
Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe; Region of the Americas (AMR):
Brazil, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay; Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR): Morocco, Pakistan,
Tunisia, United Arab Emirates; European Region (EUR): Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary,
Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Ukraine; South-East Asia Region (SEAR): Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka,
Myanmar, Nepal; Western Pacic Region (WPR): China, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Viet Nam.
15

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7. Mental illness: depression worsens


the health of people with
chronic illness
Mean health score by disease status, World Health Survey 200320
Without depression

100

Mean health score (0100)

With depression

80

60

40

20

0
No chronic
condition

Depression

Asthma

Angina

Arthritis

Diabetes

Chronic disease

Depression is an important global public health problem due to both its relatively high lifetime prevalence
and the signicant disability that it causes. In 2002, depression accounted for 4.5% of the worldwide total
burden of disease (in terms of disability-adjusted life years). It is also responsible for the greatest proportion of
burden attributable to non-fatal health outcomes, accounting for almost 12% of total years lived with disability
worldwide.21 Without treatment, depression has the tendency to assume a chronic course, to recur, and to be
associated with increasing disability over time.
WHOs World Health Survey collected data on health and health-related outcomes and their determinants in
samples of adults aged 18 years and older.20 The prevalence of depression was estimated using criteria in the
International statistical classication of diseases and related health problems, tenth revision (ICD-10). The
prevalences of four chronic physical diseases angina, arthritis, asthma and diabetes were also estimated.
The gure shows the mean health score where 0 is the worst level of health and 100 is the best level of
health for each disease with and without accompanying depression. Individuals without depression and
without other conditions had a mean health score of 90. Respondents with only one of the chronic diseases
had mean health scores of around 80. Respondents with depression but without chronic disease had the
lowest mean health score (73). Respondents with depression and another chronic condition had much lower
mean health scores when compared with respondents who had only a chronic condition. These patterns were
consistent after adjusting for sociodemographic variables.
This analysis does not tell us whether people are more depressed because they have a coexisting chronic condition.
The timely diagnosis and treatment of depressive disorders are essential irrespective of causality. In many primary
care settings when patients present with multiple disorders that include depression, the depression often remains
undiagnosed, and even if it is diagnosed, treatment usually focuses on the other chronic diseases. Depression can
be treated in primary care or community settings using locally available and cost-effective interventions.
16

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8. Inequalities in health: understanding


their determinants
Stunting among children under 5 years
of age, by household wealth quintile,
Mozambique, 1999200323

What contributes to inequity


in childhood stunting?23
Other
Mothers occupation
Region
Household wealth
Source of drinking water

60
50

90
80

40

Decomposing inequity
in childhood stunting

Percentage of stunted children

100

30
20
10

35%

70
60

13%

50
16%
40
30

17%

20

0
1

10

Household wealth index quintiles

19%

Note: Household wealth index constructed using durable goods, type of materials used in housing oor and number of rooms
divided by the number of household members. Wealth quintile 1 indicates the poorest and wealth quintile 5, the least poor.

Measuring socioeconomic inequalities in a populations health is important because national averages often
mask differences within and across subgroups. For policy purposes it is especially relevant to understand why
unfair and avoidable inequalities (or inequities) exist and what actions may be taken to improve equity. Decomposition analysis is one approach used to quantify the contribution made by different factors to inequities in
health; it takes into account the socioeconomic distribution of determinants of health and health indicators.22
Such analysis can serve as one input to aid in the development of evidence-based policies, relevant to a particular context or country, to reduce inequities.
For example, decomposition analysis using data from the 2003 Demographic and Health Survey in Mozambique
shows that the four biggest contributors to poor growth in children (dened as height-for-age falling 2 standard
deviations below the median of the reference population) stratied by household wealth are: source of drinking
water (19%), household wealth itself (17%), geographical differences (16%) and mothers occupation (13%).23 An
additional 10 factors identied in the survey together contribute 35%. Using this technique to uncover inequities
reveals that strategies to address contributing factors are likely to require collaborative and intersectoral actions
that are not limited to health authorities or the health system.
Describing health inequities and understanding their determinants require process and outcome data that can
be disaggregated by different socioeconomic or demographic characteristics, as well as the ability to link data
from different sectors in a country. WHO is contributing to these efforts by setting norms and standards, and
providing technical assistance to Member States.
17

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9. Tuberculosis control:
towards goals and targets
26 million TB patients treated but global targets narrowly missed in
200524
Global case detection 60% in 2005
Target reached in Western Pacic Region

Global treatment success 84% in 20042005


Target reached in South-East Asia and Western Pacic regions

70

100
Smear-positive treatment success rate (%)

Smear-positive case detection rate (%)

80

WHO 70% target

60
50
40
30
20
10
0

90
WHO 85% target

80

70

60

50
1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005

1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004

Year

Year

There were an estimated 8.8 million new tuberculosis (TB) cases in 2005, including 7.4 million in Asia and
sub-Saharan Africa. A total of 1.6 million people died of TB, including 195 000 patients infected with HIV. Using
surveillance data, Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, nancing draws four main conclusions
about TB control programmes.24
First, although more than 26 million TB patients have been treated under WHOs DOTS strategy, the worlds TB
control programmes narrowly missed their 2005 targets for case detection (reaching 60% compared to the target
of 70%) and cure (84% compared to the target of 85%). However, both targets were met in WHOs Western
Pacic Region and in 26 countries including China, the Philippines and Viet Nam. Second, while the total number
of patients diagnosed and treated in 2005 using DOTS approached the target, the number of patients known to
be HIV positive or carrying multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) were far fewer than anticipated by The Global Plan
to Stop TB 20062015.25 Therefore, major efforts are needed to step up collaborative activities between TB and
HIV programmes and to manage MDR-TB and extensively drug-resistant TB. Third, the global TB epidemic appears to be on the threshold of decline. The incidence rate is now stable or falling in all WHO regions, including
Africa and Europe.
These ndings, if robust, mean that MDG Target 8 (Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence
of malaria and other major diseases [including TB]) will be met before 2015. However, the total number of new
cases was still rising slowly in 2005 in WHOs African, Eastern Mediterranean and South-East Asia regions. For
reasons that are not fully understood, in Asian countries that report high rates of case detection and treatment
success, the incidence has not been reduced as quickly as expected. This is linked to the fourth conclusion:
the global burden of TB is not falling fast enough to satisfy the more demanding targets set by the Stop TB
Partnership. At the current pace, 1990s prevalence and mortality rates will not be halved worldwide by 2015.
18

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2007

10. Health expenditure: meeting needs?


Percentage distribution of population, disability-adjusted life years
(DALYs) and total health expenditure by WHO region and membership of
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 200426
100

Population as % of world
Number of DALYs as % of world
Total health expenditure as % of world

% of world total

80

60

40

20
0
AFR

AMR

EMR

EUR

SEAR

WPR

OECD

Region
AFR, African; AMR, Americas; EMR, Eastern Mediterranean; EUR, European; SEAR, South-East Asia; WPR, Western Pacific.
Note: Totals for the following regions calculated after subtracting the 30 OECD members: Americas, European and Western Pacific.
DALYs are from 2002.

In 2004, the world spent a total of US$ 4.1 trillion on health, which is equivalent to 4.9 trillion international
dollars. (International dollars are used to account for the purchasing power of different national currencies.)
The geographical distribution of nancial resources for health is uneven.26 There is a 20/90 syndrome in which
30 member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) make up
less than 20% of the worlds population but spend 90% of the worlds resources on health.
OECD countries spend a larger share of their gross domestic product on health, spending on average more
than 11%, compared with 4.7% for countries in WHOs African and South-East Asia regions. This translates
to per capita spending of about 3080 international dollars (US$ 3170) in OECD countries compared with 102
international dollars (US$ 36) in countries in the African and South-East Asia regions, which are much poorer.
Linking this spending to epidemiology, the gure shows that although poorer WHO regions, such as Africa and
South-East Asia, account for the largest share of the global burden of disease (more than 50% of global disability-adjusted life years lost) and 37% of the worlds population, they spend about 2% of global resources
on health. The Western Pacic Region, excluding Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea,
accounts for 24% of the worlds population (which is dominated by China), about 18% of the global burden of
disease but only 2% of the worlds health resources. The Region of the Americas and the European Region,
excluding the OECD countries, account for about 12% of the worlds population, 11% of the global burden of
disease and spend slightly less than 5% of health resources.
Richer countries with smaller populations and lower disease burdens use more health resources than poorer
countries with larger populations and higher disease burdens. This highlights the absolute need for additional
resources for many poor countries and raises questions about the efciency of spending on health in richer
countries.

19

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References
1. Hill K et al. Trends in child mortality in the developing world: 1990 to 1996. New York, UNICEF, 1998.
2. United Nations Childrens Fund. State of the worlds children 2007. New York, United Nations Childrens Fund, 2006.
3. ORC Macro. Demographic and health survey: Malawi 2007. Calverton, MD, ORC Macro, 2007.
4. Maternal mortality in 2000: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004.
5. Murray CJ. Towards good practice for health statistics: lessons from the Millennium Development Goal health indicators. Lancet,
2007, 369:862873.
6. Advisory Committee on Health Monitoring and Statistics: meeting report. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006
(http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/healthinfoachmsreport20061214-15.pdf, accessed 4 April 2007).
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2004 (UNAIDS/04.16E).
13. AIDS epidemic update: December 2005. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization,
2005 (UNAIDS/05.19E).
14. AIDS epidemic update: December 2006. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization,
2006 (UNAIDS/06.29E).
15. Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Medicine [online journal],
2006, 3(11):e442 (http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pmed.0030442,
accessed 4 April 2007).
16. Global database on child growth and malnutrition [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007
(http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/database/en, accessed 4 April 2007).
17. Mathers CD et al. Counting the dead and what they died from: an assessment of the global status of cause of death data.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2005, 83:171177.
18. Shibuya K. Counting the dead is essential for health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2006, 84:170171.
19. WHO mortality database: tables [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007
(http://www.who.int/healthinfo/morttables/en/index.html, accessed 4 April 2007).
20. WHO survey data centre: World Health Survey. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://surveydata.who.int/, accessed
4 April 2007).
21. Revised global burden of disease (GBD) 2002 estimates. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2005
(http://www.who.int/healthinfo/bodgbd2002revised/en/index.html, accessed 4 April 2007).
22. Hosseinpoor AR et al. Decomposing socioeconomic inequality in infant mortality in Iran. International Journal of Epidemiology,
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23. A WHO report on inequities in maternal and child health in Mozambique. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007.
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(WHO/HTM/TB/2007.376).
25. The Global Plan to Stop TB 20062015. Geneva, Stop TB Partnership, World Health Organization, 2006 (WHO/HTM/
STB/2006.35).
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Part 2
World health statistics

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Health status: mortality

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR

Life
expectancy
at birtha
(years)

Healthy life
expectancy
(HALE)
at birthb
(years)

Infant
Neonatal
Probability of dying Probability
mortality mortality
of dying
aged 1560 yearsa
a
rate
aged
ratec
per 1 000
< 5 years (per 1 000 (per 1 000
population
per 1 000
(adult mortality
live
live
live birthsa
rate)
births)
births)
(under-5
mortality
rate)

Maternal
mortality
ratiod
(per
100 000
live
births)

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

2005

2005

2002

2002

2005

2005

2005

2005

2004

2000

42
73
72
84
41
75
78
72
84
82
67
76
76
63
78
75
82
74
53
65
67
77
41
75
79
76
49
48
57
51
83
72
42
48
81
74
78
67
55
75
80
47
79
79
82

35
59
60
70
32
60
62
59
71
69
56
61
64
55
63
57
69
58
43
53
54
62
36
57
65
63
35
33
46
41
70
59
37
40
65
63
58
54
45
61
65
38
64
67
67

36
63
62
75
35
64
68
63
74
74
59
66
64
53
68
65
73
62
45
53
55
66
35
62
66
67
36
37
49
42
74
63
38
42
70
65
66
55
47
63
69
41
69
70
68

504
167
151
107
583
189
162
249
84
111
187
254
111
251
192
366
120
244
394
250
245
186
758
225
103
213
428
481
429
444
90
288
613
466
128
155
179
252
430
153
125
573
166
128
94

448
98
123
45
512
117
86
109
47
55
121
142
75
258
104
133
64
135
358
190
180
88
750
118
77
92
388
419
297
434
56
132
605
407
64
98
87
180
398
102
73
497
65
83
45

257
18
39
6
260
12
16
29
6
5
89
15
11
73
12
9
5
17
150
75
65
15
120
33
9
15
191
190
143
149
6
35
193
208
10
27
21
71
108
20
12
196
7
7
5

165
16
34
6
154
11
14
26
5
4
74
13
9
54
11
7
4
15
89
65
52
13
86
28
8
12
96
114
98
87
5
26
115
124
8
23
17
53
79
17
11
118
6
5
4

60
9
22
2
54
8
10
18
3
3
35
5
4
36
8
3
2
17
36
30
24
10
46
13
4
7
32
41
48
30
3
9
52
42
5
18
13
25
30
10
8
64
5
4
2

1 900
55
140
...
1 700
...
70
55
6
5
94
60
33
380
95
36
10
140
850
420
420
31
100
260
37
32
1 000
1 000
450
730
5
150
1 100
1 100
30
56
130
480
510
...
25
690
10
33
47

42
69
70
77
39
70
72
65
79
77
64
70
73
62
71
63
76
67
52
62
63
70
42
68
76
69
48
46
51
50
78
67
42
46
74
71
71
62
54
70
75
42
72
75
77

22

Female

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Injuries

Other

2002

2002

2002

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

134
64
85
31
231
35
52
39
35
38
29
73
37
101
30
154
45
79
116
112
80
43
72
81
33
42
149
301
72
118
34
39
146
131
50
79
141
83
147
38
55
179
48
54
33

76
17
50
6
84
21
18
13
5
3
36
35
10
60
26
7
5
40
82
65
55
7
93
30
16
5
87
81
72
81
6
51
84
85
17
23
25
70
79
29
22
78
5
10
12

18
63
30
80
8
69
66
78
77
83
58
45
68
28
65
68
80
41
10
25
34
81
4
50
63
87
7
7
22
11
80
37
9
8
64
56
35
18
11
57
57
11
84
73
74

6
20
20
14
8
10
17
9
17
14
6
20
22
12
10
25
15
19
8
10
11
13
3
20
21
9
7
12
6
8
15
12
7
7
19
21
40
12
11
13
21
10
11
17
14

26.0
52.8
48.0
...
22.2
25.3
56.5
48.4
55.6
56.0
44.1
43.5
46.0
45.4
63.8
37.5
50.1
49.0
25.0
38.9
37.9
52.7
40.3
38.0
63.7
47.3
18.3
23.3
29.8
24.8
58.5
25.9
27.2
24.0
52.8
49.2
62.1
37.3
30.9
96.1
58.7
34.9
65.3
49.9
61.5

0.3
0.0
0.0
...
2.2
1.0
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.3
0.2
0.0
1.7
3.2
0.5
1.0
2.2
0.7
0.1
0.0
53.8
0.3
0.0
0.0
4.0
8.0
2.0
7.2
0.0
3.7
12.4
4.1
0.1
0.1
1.4
3.7
9.3
0.0
0.2
5.6
0.0
0.0
0.1

18.9
10.5
11.9
...
19.1
2.4
1.3
10.5
0.1
0.0
15.3
0.8
0.7
20.0
0.0
1.5
0.3
3.5
17.1
20.9
14.3
0.6
1.1
12.0
1.1
2.3
18.8
18.2
16.6
17.3
0.2
12.2
14.7
18.1
0.5
11.8
10.3
13.6
11.2
0.7
3.0
14.8
0.3
1.3
3.2

5.9
0.1
0.9
...
4.8
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.3
1.2
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.4
3.0
2.3
4.1
0.0
4.4
6.5
7.0
0.0
0.4
0.0
5.9
6.6
0.5
0.0
2.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

1.0
0.4
0.5
...
8.3
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
27.2
0.8
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
20.3
8.4
0.9
22.8
0.0
4.3
18.5
22.3
0.0
0.4
0.2
19.4
25.7
0.0
0.0
20.5
0.0
0.0
0.0

24.8
10.6
13.7
...
24.8
1.5
3.4
11.8
1.2
0.7
18.4
5.3
1.4
17.6
0.0
9.0
0.8
6.9
21.1
18.8
17.1
2.5
1.4
13.2
0.7
16.1
23.3
22.8
20.6
21.5
1.1
13.3
18.7
22.8
6.2
13.4
10.4
16.3
13.6
1.1
4.0
19.6
1.3
4.1
1.7

1.1
4.4
5.0
...
1.4
2.4
7.7
5.8
10.6
8.4
1.3
13.0
10.2
2.7
1.7
18.1
9.7
9.8
2.1
2.4
5.1
3.7
3.3
3.2
9.2
5.2
1.5
1.8
1.7
2.2
7.2
3.5
2.0
1.8
9.1
8.4
4.6
3.4
2.6
0.2
3.9
2.2
8.5
7.9
5.4

22.1
21.2
20.0
...
17.2
67.4
30.8
22.7
32.5
34.9
19.7
32.1
41.5
11.4
32.8
30.8
38.7
29.9
0.0
16.3
24.7
40.5
0.0
32.8
25.4
29.1
10.4
14.6
26.1
0.0
32.9
32.6
0.0
0.1
31.2
16.3
11.0
0.5
0.0
1.4
30.1
0.0
24.6
36.9
28.2

Both
sexes

23

Measles

2002

153
154
103
126
179
144
142
146
127
127
113
112
127
111
135
143
148
147
154
112
256
121
124
142
114
125
162
146
148
150
138
127
154
156
137
148
117
128
134
69
125
160
167
129
94

Diarrhoeal
diseases

2002

706
537
314
125
486
343
212
498
140
204
613
222
312
428
245
592
162
317
432
441
260
492
338
341
210
554
459
439
392
436
141
356
445
443
165
291
240
381
393
326
185
436
356
215
354

HIV/AIDS

2002

1 269
814
598
369
982
717
521
800
362
406
892
490
746
762
535
839
427
651
852
771
824
699
653
712
517
756
901
843
853
848
388
692
863
869
453
665
511
736
762
616
457
873
613
435
530

Both
sexes

Injuries

2002

<1
...
<1
...
9
...
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
2
<1
<1
...
48
1
<1
...
9
18
6
8
<1
...
43
16
<1
<1
<1
<1
18
...
<1
30
...
<1
...

Injuries

2005

35
3
2
2
27
<1
5
10
<1
1
10
5
4
47
1
8
1
4
14
19
31
8
39
7
5
5
50
65
81
15
<1
37
48
54
1
15
7
7
51
3
1
69
6
<1
<1

Cancer

Pneumonia

Neonatal diseases

Non-communicable
diseases

Communicable
diseasesl

Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 yearsk,m (%)

Malaria

2005

Distribution of YLL by
broader causesh,j,k (%)

2005

Both
sexes
<10
...
<10
...
188
...
11
<50
<10
<10
<10
<200
...
<10
<200
...
<10
<200
114
<10
<10
...
1 020
8
<50
...
91
172
114
282
<10
...
594
113
<10
2
18
<50
275
...
<10
358
...
<10
...

Cardio-vascular
diseases

Age-standardized mortality rate


by causeh,i
(per 100 000 population)
Non-communicable
diseases

TB among HIVpositive peopleg

TB among HIVnegative peoplef

HIV/AIDSe

Cause-specic mortality
rate
(per 100 000 population)

Both
sexes

56835

83347-9473

Health status: mortality

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati

WHO
region

EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR

Life
expectancy
at birtha
(years)

Healthy life
expectancy
(HALE)
at birthb
(years)

Infant
Neonatal
Probability of dying Probability
mortality mortality
of dying
aged 1560 yearsa
ratea
aged
ratec
per 1 000
< 5 years (per 1 000 (per 1 000
population
per 1 000
(adult mortality
live
live
live birthsa
rate)
births)
births)
(under-5
mortality
rate)

Maternal
mortality
ratiod
(per
100 000
live
births)

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Female

2005

2005

2002

2002

2005

2005

2005

2005

2004

2000

79
68
48
80
56
76
72
75
70
74
47
63
78
53
72
82
84
57
57
75
82
58
82
70
71
55
48
64
56
70
77
83
64
69
73
...n
81
82
84
74
86
73
69
51
68

66
58
35
69
43
62
57
60
58
57
45
49
59
41
57
69
69
50
48
62
70
49
69
58
55
44
40
53
43
56
62
72
53
57
56
49
68
70
71
64
72
60
53
44
52

71
60
39
71
43
66
62
64
60
62
46
51
69
42
61
74
75
53
51
67
74
50
73
60
60
46
41
57
44
61
68
74
54
59
59
51
72
72
75
66
78
62
59
45
56

156
231
501
116
384
192
254
205
237
229
484
337
281
413
265
136
128
440
367
180
110
355
110
253
295
367
483
265
415
266
256
73
280
234
180
...
91
91
89
182
92
186
437
464
296

70
168
425
70
336
111
138
124
155
123
438
271
100
348
166
62
58
406
301
69
57
322
47
216
166
334
423
249
335
161
107
50
207
196
112
...n
57
50
46
117
45
119
194
483
173

4
55
205
5
133
15
31
25
33
27
205
78
7
164
18
4
5
91
137
45
5
112
5
21
43
150
200
63
120
40
8
3
74
36
36
...n
5
5
4
20
4
26
31
120
65

3
42
129
4
88
13
26
22
28
23
123
50
6
109
16
3
4
59
97
41
4
68
4
17
32
98
124
47
83
31
6
2
56
28
31
...n
4
4
4
17
3
22
27
78
48

2
22
47
3
45
10
18
13
17
12
47
21
4
41
10
2
2
31
44
25
3
43
3
11
19
39
47
22
32
17
5
1
39
17
19
63
4
3
3
10
1
16
32
34
25

9
67
990
7
730
...
150
130
84
150
880
630
38
850
75
5
17
420
540
32
9
540
10
...
240
740
1 100
170
680
110
11
...
540
230
76
250
4
13
5
87
10
41
210
1 000
...

73
65
44
76
53
72
65
70
66
69
45
59
67
50
66
76
77
54
53
68
76
56
77
66
65
53
46
63
53
65
69
79
62
66
68
...
77
78
78
70
79
69
58
51
62

24

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Other

2002

2002

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

<1
...
17
<1
22
...
1
<1
<1
<1
11
10
<1
9
<1
<1
<1
24
7
<1
<1
7
<1
...
<1
6
9
4
7
1
<1
<1
2
<1
<1
<1
<1
...
<1
<1
<1
<1
<1
44
...

568
691
909
503
926
590
687
576
959
557
864
762
674
859
825
422
368
813
805
745
444
786
457
870
562
853
883
822
786
758
695
385
750
727
742
855
484
399
403
672
287
703
1 052
782
773

315
371
465
182
533
257
381
244
560
223
438
398
435
435
470
201
118
410
413
584
211
404
258
448
188
432
449
526
402
348
364
164
428
361
466
508
214
136
174
326
106
384
713
401
273

177
102
161
167
116
144
131
129
84
102
155
133
150
147
86
115
142
158
144
91
141
138
132
199
93
156
159
86
112
139
201
136
109
132
113
112
151
133
134
151
119
144
167
139
52

50
65
273
40
92
45
59
89
35
101
144
92
144
104
40
60
48
103
109
25
29
97
35
51
98
147
138
97
38
66
67
34
117
87
133
141
35
30
29
12
39
102
160
95
22

3
44
82
4
76
19
56
37
32
41
79
81
6
82
27
5
6
72
75
13
5
74
4
23
60
80
86
56
84
52
3
5
58
41
22
57
8
9
5
30
8
31
16
81
45

83
46
7
86
17
68
33
42
61
38
12
11
67
12
63
76
78
18
15
81
86
16
83
66
27
11
8
30
15
35
85
77
29
44
49
28
78
76
86
66
76
45
60
11
52

13
11
11
10
8
13
12
21
8
21
9
8
27
6
10
20
16
9
10
6
10
10
13
10
13
9
6
14
2
13
12
17
13
15
28
15
14
14
10
4
16
23
24
8
3

48.9
41.8
25.7
73.8
27.0
99.9
47.2
47.2
44.3
39.9
27.5
27.4
54.3
30.2
41.2
55.1
52.6
35.1
36.6
52.1
50.7
28.5
63.0
43.8
37.3
28.8
24.1
33.7
26.4
43.1
56.9
61.0
45.2
37.6
62.9
50.8
61.1
52.8
62.0
52.1
40.0
55.4
43.1
24.2
22.1

0.0
0.7
3.7
0.0
2.7
0.0
3.9
1.1
0.0
1.7
7.4
6.2
0.0
3.8
0.2
0.0
0.0
10.1
1.3
0.0
0.1
5.7
0.0
2.6
2.7
2.3
2.6
7.7
8.3
6.3
0.0
0.0
0.7
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.2
6.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
14.6
0.0

0.2
18.9
18.1
0.3
16.6
0.0
11.7
11.0
12.8
12.4
13.6
15.6
1.4
17.3
10.6
0.8
0.9
8.8
12.2
11.5
0.2
12.2
0.0
1.6
13.1
16.5
18.6
21.4
16.5
12.2
0.1
0.0
20.3
18.3
5.5
13.2
0.0
0.6
0.0
9.6
0.4
10.7
14.5
16.5
21.9

0.0
0.8
4.7
0.0
4.4
0.0
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.0
7.4
2.5
0.0
4.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.4
2.5
0.1
0.0
2.9
0.0
0.0
0.1
5.5
3.4
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.7
4.7
0.0
0.5
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.1
3.2
2.6

0.0
0.7
16.9
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.5
24.0
13.6
0.0
6.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
28.3
29.4
0.3
0.0
33.0
0.0
0.0
0.4
24.5
21.0
0.7
0.7
0.4
0.0
0.0
0.9
0.5
0.2
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.8
13.6
0.7

3.6
15.2
23.1
0.9
20.4
0.0
13.0
12.0
14.6
13.4
17.3
18.6
2.1
22.3
9.2
1.2
0.6
10.7
15.5
12.5
0.7
14.6
2.6
9.5
15.0
20.9
23.4
5.2
20.2
13.8
3.9
0.0
18.5
14.4
6.4
17.6
1.3
0.4
1.0
9.3
3.9
11.7
16.9
19.9
11.5

12.5
3.0
1.6
5.5
1.8
0.0
2.9
4.6
2.1
3.7
2.5
3.0
17.9
1.7
2.9
6.9
8.3
2.5
2.6
1.2
6.6
3.0
5.8
5.2
1.5
1.4
1.4
6.2
0.4
4.2
5.6
4.9
2.2
2.8
12.8
5.7
2.9
5.9
4.0
2.4
11.6
2.3
6.8
2.7
1.3

34.7
18.9
6.3
19.4
26.2
0.1
20.6
20.9
25.7
28.4
0.3
13.0
24.3
14.3
36.0
36.0
37.5
0.0
0.0
22.3
41.8
0.0
28.6
37.3
29.8
0.0
5.5
25.2
27.0
20.1
33.6
34.1
8.5
21.8
12.1
11.2
34.2
40.3
32.8
20.6
43.9
19.5
17.9
5.3
39.9

Both
sexes

25

Measles

2002

Diarrhoeal
diseases

2002

HIV/AIDS

2002

Both
sexes

Injuries

Injuries

Neonatal diseases

Non-communicable
diseases

Communicable
diseasesl

2002

Injuries

2002

Cancer

Pneumonia

1
13
57
<1
106
3
13
26
3
8
36
59
6
64
4
<1
1
41
39
11
<1
41
2
<1
12
46
31
22
51
11
3
<1
27
41
3
11
1
<1
<1
<1
3
<1
19
95
49

Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 yearsk,m (%)

Malaria

<10
...
156
<10
151
...
75
12
<10
36
<200
127
...
...
<50
<10
2
340
86
<50
<10
131
<10
...
21
76
170
160
188
51
...
<50
...
2
2
...
<10
...
5
49
1
...
<10
409
...

2005

Distribution of YLL by
broader causesh,j,k (%)

2005

Both
sexes
2005

Cardio-vascular
diseases

Age-standardized mortality rate


by causeh,i
(per 100 000 population)
Non- communicable
diseases

TB among HIVpositive peopleg

TB among HIVnegative peoplef

HIV/AIDSe

Cause-specic mortality
rate
(per 100 000 population)

Both
sexes

56835

83347-9473

Health status: mortality

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135

Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR

Life
expectancy
at birtha
(years)

Healthy life
expectancy
(HALE)
at birthb
(years)

Infant
Neonatal
Probability of dying Probability
mortality mortality
of dying
aged 1560 yearsa
ratea
aged
ratec
per 1 000
< 5 years (per 1 000 (per 1 000
population
per 1 000
(adult mortality
live
live
live birthsa
rate)
births)
births)
(under-5
mortality
rate)

Maternal
mortality
ratiod
(per
100 000
live
births)

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Female

2005

2005

2002

2002

2005

2005

2005

2005

2004

2000

79
68
61
76
73
41
44
75
77
82
60
46
74
69
47
81
64
60
76
77
70
85
69
77
73
45
62
52
65
61
81
82
73
41
48
74
82
77
62
72
78
63
76
74
71

67
52
47
58
59
30
34
62
59
69
47
35
62
59
37
70
54
43
60
63
57
71
53
...
59
36
50
43
53
52
70
69
60
36
41
59
70
63
54
59
64
51
60
60
57

67
58
47
68
62
33
37
65
68
74
50
35
65
57
38
73
56
46
65
68
58
75
58
...
61
38
53
44
57
51
73
72
63
35
42
62
74
65
52
60
68
52
64
62
62

71
311
327
314
195
721
536
185
326
119
318
599
199
179
475
77
320
329
213
162
198
104
304
176
156
597
350
579
448
295
89
92
213
502
461
174
91
163
232
231
136
325
169
178
284

54
165
297
114
135
732
470
108
109
53
240
602
107
132
409
48
269
255
110
94
166
45
183
85
101
595
237
589
303
283
65
61
133
478
421
138
56
91
212
226
81
270
105
129
164

12
67
79
10
30
132
235
19
9
5
119
125
12
42
218
6
58
125
15
27
42
4
49
10
40
145
104
62
30
74
5
6
37
256
194
38
4
12
100
11
24
74
23
27
33

10
58
62
8
27
102
157
18
7
4
74
78
10
33
120
5
51
78
13
22
34
3
39
9
36
100
74
46
25
56
4
5
30
150
101
30
3
10
80
10
19
54
20
23
25

7
30
30
6
19
52
66
11
5
3
41
26
5
24
54
3
24
40
9
11
11
2
18
...
24
35
49
20
14
32
3
3
16
41
47
16
2
5
53
13
11
32
12
11
15

12
110
650
61
150
550
760
97
19
28
550
1 800
41
110
1 200
...
...
1 000
24
83
...
...
110
...
220
1 000
360
300
...
740
16
7
230
1 600
800
...
10
87
500
...
160
300
170
410
200

77
61
59
65
68
42
41
70
65
76
56
47
69
67
45
77
60
55
69
72
67
78
62
71
69
46
56
52
58
61
77
77
68
42
47
68
77
71
61
68
74
59
70
70
64

26

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 yearsk,m (%)

Pneumonia

Injuries

Other

2002

2002

2002

2002

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

78
106
150
156
90
139
169
79
161
134
147
150
139
123
166
124
125
158
79
88
93
120
306
...
67
124
115
146
138
118
155
139
120
169
157
74
137
105
107
92
108
118
141
175
91

34
90
142
132
98
88
270
55
136
51
112
105
50
70
145
24
62
138
42
58
39
41
96
...
48
66
105
93
132
108
23
37
73
163
132
39
35
41
99
39
49
104
57
69
58

18
35
71
7
18
90
83
31
4
5
79
89
26
55
86
8
31
79
11
27
40
7
37
...
44
91
60
83
19
64
7
5
46
87
83
33
5
24
70
28
38
64
45
43
45

60
51
19
70
60
7
7
53
68
76
12
6
58
36
8
83
59
12
75
54
51
77
47
...
44
7
29
10
68
25
85
79
36
7
10
55
83
57
21
63
44
25
39
42
42

22
14
10
23
22
3
10
16
28
19
9
5
16
9
6
9
10
9
13
19
9
16
16
...
12
2
11
6
13
11
8
17
17
6
7
12
12
19
8
10
18
11
16
15
13

35.5
43.8
34.5
53.2
64.9
32.8
29.1
55.6
41.4
54.0
25.6
21.7
61.8
45.1
25.9
66.7
37.1
39.4
66.0
52.5
49.2
...
34.1
...
44.7
29.0
39.1
38.5
7.0
43.5
63.1
48.3
42.4
16.7
26.1
...
54.0
42.3
55.7
47.0
42.4
35.4
53.5
38.5
36.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
56.2
3.6
0.1
0.0
0.0
1.3
14.0
1.4
0.7
1.6
0.0
0.3
0.3
0.0
0.1
0.3
...
0.3
...
0.3
12.9
0.9
53.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.5
0.6
5.0
...
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.3
2.4
0.3
0.2
0.9
0.0

0.7
14.1
15.6
0.0
1.0
3.9
17.3
8.4
0.3
0.0
16.9
18.1
5.4
20.3
18.3
0.0
14.1
16.2
1.2
5.1
8.0
...
14.5
...
12.2
16.5
21.1
2.5
37.8
20.5
0.0
0.2
12.2
19.8
15.7
...
0.3
8.1
14.0
9.7
10.7
15.3
10.7
12.2
12.0

0.0
0.1
5.9
0.0
0.0
0.1
6.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
5.0
0.3
0.9
0.1
6.1
0.0
0.5
1.7
0.0
0.0
1.5
...
0.3
...
0.2
0.3
2.4
0.1
5.5
2.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
7.3
6.3
...
0.0
0.0
2.4
0.7
0.0
2.1
0.1
0.0
1.2

0.0
0.9
0.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
18.9
0.0
0.0
0.0
20.1
14.1
0.1
0.6
16.9
0.0
0.0
12.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
...
1.0
...
0.4
18.9
9.0
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.0
0.4
14.3
24.1
...
0.0
0.1
0.7
0.0
0.2
0.8
0.3
0.4
0.4

4.4
16.7
19.1
1.2
1.1
4.7
23.0
8.5
5.3
1.1
20.7
22.6
4.0
17.5
23.9
0.0
13.5
22.3
3.9
8.5
11.3
...
17.1
...
14.0
21.2
19.3
3.0
30.3
18.5
1.1
2.7
13.7
25.1
20.1
...
1.4
7.2
19.3
12.4
10.8
18.5
11.9
13.6
13.4

7.9
6.6
2.3
11.3
11.0
2.2
1.7
2.6
17.4
14.9
2.4
1.7
7.7
2.5
1.4
6.0
3.1
1.9
5.2
7.0
2.7
...
4.4
...
4.0
1.0
2.0
3.0
19.4
2.3
5.2
11.4
3.0
1.4
1.9
...
6.2
4.1
2.1
2.5
3.8
2.3
3.8
9.5
2.7

51.5
17.9
21.9
34.3
22.0
0.0
0.3
24.8
35.6
29.9
8.0
7.6
18.7
13.1
5.9
27.4
31.4
5.9
23.6
26.8
26.9
...
28.3
...
24.1
0.1
6.2
0.0
0.1
11.5
30.6
37.4
27.7
14.8
0.8
...
38.1
37.9
5.7
27.4
29.6
25.4
19.6
24.9
33.5

Both
sexes

27

Measles

2002

309
602
476
482
453
404
485
411
391
177
430
430
274
484
456
214
526
451
434
163
410
115
488
...
411
371
432
385
666
436
171
175
305
456
452
339
181
409
425
396
182
442
291
190
336

Diarrhoeal
diseases

2002

512
924
904
733
742
785
955
650
640
406
837
835
625
864
909
429
997
884
701
503
782
325
968
...
675
720
796
754
1 137
796
443
423
655
916
889
637
416
688
743
744
430
815
598
584
642

HIV/AIDS

2002

...
<1
<1
<1
<1
61
16
<1
<1
<1
2
49
<1
...
9
<1
...
3
<1
<1
...
...
<1
<1
<1
66
<1
35
...
<1
<1
...
<1
3
19
...
<1
<1
<1
...
<1
3
<1
<1
<1

Both
sexes

Injuries

2005

2
17
24
9
1
47
54
1
7
1
43
49
15
3
62
<1
32
65
11
2
14
<1
23
5
7
58
14
42
18
22
<1
<1
7
32
57
9
<1
<1
37
7
3
43
12
20
47

Injuries

2005

...
<10
<10
<50
<10
1 282
...
...
<10
<50
16
605
16
...
81
<50
...
<50
<10
6
...
...
<10
...
4
707
73
837
...
19
<10
...
<10
54
167
...
<10
...
2
...
<50
56
<10
20
<10

Both
sexes

Cancer

2005

HIV/AIDSe

Malaria

Neonatal diseases

Non-communicable
diseases

Distribution of YLL by
broader causesh,j,k (%)

Communicable
diseasesl

Cardio-vascular
diseases

Age-standardized mortality rate


by causeh,i
(per 100 000 population)
Non- communicable
diseases

TB among HIVpositive peopleg

TB among HIVnegative peoplef

Cause-specic mortality
rate
(per 100 000 population)

Both
sexes

56835

83347-9473

Health status: mortality

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of
Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

WHO
region

Life
expectancy
at birtha
(years)

Healthy life
expectancy
(HALE)
at birthb
(years)

Infant
Neonatal
Probability of dying Probability
mortality mortality
of dying
aged 1560 yearsa
a
rate
aged
ratec
per 1 000
< 5 years (per 1 000 (per 1 000
population
per 1 000
(adult mortality
live
live
live birthsa
rate)
births)
births)
(under-5
mortality
rate)

Maternal
mortality
ratiod
(per
100 000
live
births)

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Female

2005

2005

2002

2002

2005

2005

2005

2005

2004

2000

EUR
EUR
EMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
EMR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
WPR
EMR
AFR
EUR
SEAR
EMR
AMR
AFR
EUR
EUR
EMR
EUR
SEAR
EUR

71
75
77
75
65
68
59
44
69
72
66
66
80
57
68
54
70
68
37
78
70
74
68
45
50
77
68
57
66
38
79
79
70
64
67
71

79
81
78
82
72
76
72
47
72
78
74
70
84
60
74
57
75
77
40
82
78
81
72
45
52
84
75
62
71
37
83
84
75
66
73
76

63
67
67
65
57
61
53
36
60
61
60
59
71
54
60
47
...
57
27
69
63
67
55
36
43
70
59
47
57
33
72
71
60
53
58
62

68
72
64
71
62
65
64
40
63
64
62
60
76
55
63
49
...
65
30
71
69
72
57
38
45
75
64
50
61
35
75
75
63
56
62
65

208
139
70
123
301
230
470
513
197
204
293
235
64
301
195
345
192
246
582
83
201
152
190
465
598
111
228
357
225
793
78
84
184
192
265
164

79
59
66
50
141
102
173
444
145
106
167
203
33
236
119
285
98
107
501
48
77
67
141
423
532
46
118
268
144
794
50
46
124
167
155
77

8
5
12
6
16
19
14
203
20
14
20
29
3
118
26
136
9
13
282
3
9
4
29
225
68
5
14
90
39
160
4
5
15
71
21
17

6
4
10
6
14
16
11
118
18
13
17
24
3
75
21
77
8
12
165
2
7
3
24
133
51
4
12
62
30
104
3
4
14
59
18
15

5
3
4
4
12
10
7
48
11
11
13
14
2
38
11
35
...
7
56
1
4
2
23
49
17
2
8
27
17
40
2
3
7
38
9
9

10
8
7
20
36
58
65
1 400
...
...
...
...
...
...
23
690
...
...
2 000
15
10
17
130
1 100
230
5
92
590
110
370
8
7
160
100
44
13

SEAR
AFR
WPR
AMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
WPR
AFR

63
52
72
67
70
69
57
61
48

68
56
70
74
75
74
65
63
51

48
44
62
60
61
61
52
53
42

52
46
62
64
64
63
57
53
44

244
400
126
268
166
181
321
327
506

166
340
201
158
108
112
164
287
457

61
139
24
19
24
29
104
38
136

52
78
20
17
20
26
81
31
79

29
39
12
10
13
16
37
21
30

660
570
...
110
120
70
31
...
880

28

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 yearsk,m (%)

Pneumonia

Injuries

Other

2002

2002

2002

2002

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

180
140
75
169
116
141
152
150
108
129
155
95
140
133
109
146
...
131
181
128
170
160
90
143
154
131
118
112
133
162
116
116
60
90
129
145

53
33
40
67
97
56
217
126
45
52
55
40
22
87
72
125
...
69
250
23
50
59
37
235
120
31
82
163
86
72
30
32
49
64
74
74

4
13
16
7
11
11
8
85
26
20
27
31
5
67
22
76
...
16
86
9
4
4
49
76
77
6
19
60
37
91
4
5
30
49
43
8

81
77
63
72
71
77
64
8
62
63
60
58
85
21
53
13
...
64
6
79
81
80
44
14
15
81
61
23
45
5
85
82
56
41
40
72

15
10
21
21
18
12
28
7
12
17
13
11
10
12
25
11
...
21
8
12
14
17
7
11
8
13
20
17
18
4
11
13
15
10
17
20

59.1
47.9
29.6
71.5
46.1
41.4
40.8
21.7
2.8
30.9
49.6
49.2
...
32.1
40.2
22.8
...
27.2
21.9
40.0
52.7
64.4
49.5
23.3
35.1
52.4
59.5
31.4
40.5
26.8
59.4
62.1
42.7
29.7
44.9
63.1

0.0
0.1
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.4
5.0
0.0
1.3
2.9
0.3
...
3.7
0.1
1.0
...
0.0
1.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.8
57.1
0.0
0.0
2.9
2.5
47.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
6.2
0.0

0.1
0.1
8.4
0.4
2.0
2.5
2.5
18.5
14.4
1.3
0.5
9.7
...
16.0
6.2
17.1
...
0.0
19.7
0.4
1.4
0.0
8.8
18.7
0.8
0.1
13.5
12.9
13.1
9.6
0.0
0.2
9.6
16.4
16.2
5.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
...
4.8
0.0
8.1
...
0.0
5.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
6.8
0.0
0.0
1.7
5.4
0.3
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.1
0.0

0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
...
0.6
0.2
27.6
...
0.0
12.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
4.5
0.0
0.0
0.4
21.2
2.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
0.2
0.8
0.3
0.0

2.7
1.8
7.7
1.8
15.5
27.1
6.3
23.2
0.0
1.3
10.5
10.2
...
21.2
6.6
20.7
...
10.1
25.5
9.0
9.4
0.0
9.5
23.9
0.9
1.3
8.5
15.5
11.5
11.8
0.8
0.7
9.9
19.9
11.5
4.3

5.6
9.0
5.2
11.2
13.3
8.6
12.0
1.8
7.9
4.7
4.0
2.9
...
3.5
14.5
2.6
...
12.3
1.2
7.1
6.0
5.9
2.5
2.6
5.0
6.5
5.4
4.6
5.8
3.8
3.4
7.5
3.4
2.6
4.8
2.5

32.5
41.0
48.9
15.0
23.1
20.3
38.0
23.7
74.9
60.4
32.4
27.4
...
18.1
32.2
0.2
...
50.3
12.7
43.5
30.5
29.7
28.7
19.5
1.1
39.6
10.9
6.2
23.9
0.5
36.3
29.5
34.1
30.4
16.0
25.1

...
148
...
146
<10
...
...
...
316

88
81
3
1
3
5
10
55
59

...
20
...
<1
...
...
<1
...
32

814
831
684
729
685
757
1 115
1 046
824

441
427
363
379
417
542
844
541
422

118
147
85
121
78
95
99
129
146

112
117
29
50
72
42
74
69
154

63
79
29
40
18
31
35
34
84

26
12
62
50
63
56
52
55
8

11
9
9
10
19
13
13
11
8

32.3
29.0
57.2
46.3
52.7
49.1
37.8
40.0
23.6

0.7
5.8
0.0
4.7
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
7.7

21.9
13.8
10.0
1.3
7.0
12.2
15.6
13.2
17.2

3.5
6.6
1.8
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.1
1.2
3.0

0.4
25.3
1.3
0.0
0.2
0.5
0.9
0.0
23.1

19.6
17.1
7.3
2.0
7.6
14.0
18.8
13.5
21.1

1.9
2.5
2.0
3.1
9.7
4.0
4.8
3.0
2.2

19.7
0.0
20.4
42.5
22.8
19.8
22.0
28.8
2.1

Both
sexes

29

Measles

2002

324
208
340
186
619
479
688
425
420
304
315
417
223
396
405
426
...
336
515
171
371
228
409
580
410
137
314
499
421
364
176
142
410
753
199
504

Diarrhoeal
diseases

2002

593
461
629
537
923
728
960
831
689
646
685
782
380
764
701
832
...
657
1 017
376
636
503
786
1 086
808
395
711
903
781
732
379
358
728
1 036
559
745

HIV/AIDS

2002

<1
<1
...
<1
1
...
1
19
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
4
<1
...
12
<1
<1
<1
...
2
41
<1
<1
7
2
197
<1
<1
...
<1
2
<1

Both
sexes

Injuries

2005

4
3
6
11
18
18
19
72
2
2
5
3
<1
27
5
51
5
5
98
2
3
2
23
38
30
3
8
59
12
107
<1
<1
4
38
17
5

Injuries

2005

<10
<10
...
<10
33
...
...
232
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
45
...
...
83
<10
...
<10
...
50
675
5
<10
94
<200
1 550
<10
<10
...
<10
33
<10

Both
sexes

Cancer

2005

HIV/AIDSe

Malaria

Neonatal diseases

Non-communicable
diseases

Distribution of YLL by
broader causesh,j,k (%)

Communicable
diseasesl

Cardio-vascular
diseases

Age-standardized mortality rate


by causeh,i
(per 100 000 population)
Non- communicable
diseases

TB among HIVpositive peopleg

TB among HIVnegative peoplef

Cause-specic mortality
rate
(per 100 000 population)

Both
sexes

56835

83347-9473

Health status: mortality

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
The former state union of Serbia
and Montenegroo

WHO
region

Life
expectancy
at birtha
(years)

Healthy life
expectancy
(HALE)
at birthb
(years)

Infant
Neonatal
Probability of dying Probability
mortality mortality
of dying
aged 1560 yearsa
ratea
aged
ratec
per 1 000
< 5 years (per 1 000 (per 1 000
population
per 1 000
(adult mortality
live
live
live birthsa
rate)
births)
births)
(under-5
mortality
rate)

Maternal
mortality
ratiod
(per
100 000
live
births)

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Female

2005

2005

2002

2002

2005

2005

2005

2005

2004

2000

EUR
EMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
AMR
WPR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EUR

61
76
77
48
75
71
63
67
72
69
59
40
43
...

73
79
81
50
80
79
69
70
78
74
62
40
42
...

55
64
69
40
67
63
58
58
62
60
48
35
34
63

64
64
72
41
71
69
61
59
67
63
51
35
33
65

403
86
101
541
137
166
236
209
185
195
286
702
771
...

150
64
62
505
81
88
143
168
96
119
219
666
789
...

17
9
6
122
8
15
68
38
21
19
102
182
86
...

13
8
5
76
7
13
57
31
18
16
76
104
60
...

7
4
3
35
4
7
26
18
11
12
41
40
36
9

38
54
11
1 500
14
20
24
...
78
130
570
750
1 100
9

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

48
72
62
69
62
71
64

50
77
65
77
64
75
68

40
63
54
62
53
63
56

480
171
272
231
242
157
233

438
97
207
99
189
96
164

165
24
68
19
90
28
74

99
20
51
16
66
23
51

40
11
35
10
38
17
28

910
140
460
39
460
80
400

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

42
67
55
68
54
66
59

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region;
EMR, Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
a
Life tables for WHO Member States. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006 (http://www.who.int/whosis/database/life_tables/life_tables.cfm).
b
The World Health Report 2004: changing history. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (http://www.who.int/whr/2004/en/index.html.)
c
Updated estimates based on Neonatal and perinatal mortality: country, regional and global estimates. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006
(http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/docs/neonatal_perinatal_mortality/text.pdf).
d
Maternal mortality in 2000: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004 (http://www.who.int/
reproductive-health/publications/maternal_mortality_2000/mme.pdf).
e
Based on 2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, 2006.
See Annex 2: HIV and AIDS estimates and data, 2005 and 2003. Ranges of estimates are available from this document.
f
These are classied as deaths from tuberculosis according to the International Classication of Diseases, tenth revision (A15A19, B90). Geneva, World
Health Organization, 1992. Source: Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, nancing. WHO report 2007. Geneva, World Health Organization,
2007 (WHO/HTM/TB/2007.376) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).
g
These deaths are classied as HIV disease resulting in tuberculosis (B20.0) according to the International Classication of Diseases, tenth revision.
Geneva, World Health Organization, 1992. They are already counted in the number of deaths from HIV/AIDS (B20B24). Source: Global tuberculosis
control: surveillance, planning, nancing. WHO report 2007. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (WHO/HTM/TB/2007.376) (http://www.who.
int/tb/publications/global_report).

30

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Distribution of causes of death among children aged < 5 yearsk,m (%)

Pneumonia

Injuries

Other

2002

2002

2002

2002

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

2000

47
...
<10
365
5
<50
<10
...
23
15
...
840
1 384
<10

13
2
1
50
<1
3
15
10
5
22
10
60
61
...

1
...
<1
25
<1
<1
<1
...
<1
<1
<1
57
69
...

891
625
434
847
460
518
899
772
496
664
956
700
685
767

637
369
182
435
188
208
663
409
241
318
553
359
347
508

139
100
143
151
134
170
74
92
107
123
108
122
122
149

135
72
26
115
47
55
50
38
90
72
102
58
103
36

9
12
10
85
9
12
30
39
24
40
61
92
90
7

71
59
82
8
75
72
57
51
45
44
28
6
7
85

20
28
9
6
17
15
13
9
32
16
11
2
4
8

42.3
55.7
59.1
26.9
56.9
48.1
38.1
42.3
52.6
56.4
33.3
22.9
28.1
57.1

4.9
0.1
0.0
9.3
0.1
0.2
0.0
0.3
0.2
1.0
0.3
16.1
40.6
0.1

1.2
6.3
0.9
16.8
0.1
2.3
14.8
11.5
9.9
10.4
16.1
17.5
12.1
6.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.3
0.0
3.4
2.2
1.2
2.9
0.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
22.7
0.0
0.0
0.8
0.6
0.0
0.4
7.5
19.4
0.2
0.0

6.3
4.7
2.2
21.1
1.3
5.4
16.8
13.0
5.9
11.5
19.8
21.8
14.7
9.1

14.5
15.0
4.4
2.0
10.3
7.0
7.0
2.7
6.5
4.9
3.7
1.0
1.2
2.9

30.7
18.2
33.4
0.0
31.3
36.9
22.4
29.4
24.8
11.9
17.1
0.1
0.3
24.7

265
12
11
8
21
4
42

52
5
30
7
20
17
21

22
0
1
0
1
0
3

800
515
719
613
785
571
624

404
214
395
354
455
245
315

144
132
111
144
100
142
132

133
63
106
80
95
72
87

83
27
55
11
60
26
54

10
54
31
71
29
55
33

7
19
13
18
12
19
13

26.2
43.7
44.4
44.3
43.4
47.0
37

6.8
1.4
0.6
0.2
0.4
0.3
3

16.6
10.1
20.1
10.2
14.6
12.0
17

4.3
0.1
3.5
0.1
3.0
0.8
3

17.5
0.4
1.1
0.5
2.9
0.4
8

21.1
11.6
18.1
13.1
19.0
13.8
19

1.9
4.9
2.3
6.2
3.2
7.3
3

5.6
27.9
9.9
25.4
13.5
18.4
11

Measles

2002

Diarrhoeal
diseases

2002

HIV/AIDS

2002

Both
sexes

Injuries

2005

Injuries

2005

Both
sexes

Cancer

2005

HIV/AIDSe

Malaria

Neonatal diseases

Non-communicable
diseases

Distribution of YLL by
broader causesh,j,k (%)

Communicable
diseasesl

Cardio-vascular
diseases

Age-standardized mortality rate


by causeh,i
(per 100 000 population)
Non- communicable
diseases

TB among HIV-positive peopleg

TB among HIVnegative peoplef

Cause-specic mortality
rate
(per 100 000 population)

Both
sexes

Both
sexes

Mortality and burden of disease estimates for WHO Member States in 2002. World Health Organization, December 2004 (http://www.who.int/entity/
healthinfo/statistics/bodgbddeathdalyestimates.xls).
i
Rates are age-standardized to WHOs world standard population. Source: Ahmad OB et al. Age standardization of rates: a new WHO standard. Geneva,
World Health Organization, 2001 (GPE Discussion Paper Series No.31) (http://www.who.int/entity/healthinfo/paper31.pdf).
j
YLL, years of life lost.
k
The sum of individual proportions may not add up to 100% due to rounding.
l
Communicable diseases include maternal causes, conditions arising during the perinatal period and nutritional deciencies.
m
Neonatal causes include diarrhoea occurring during the neonatal period. Sources: Bryce J et al. WHO estimates of the causes of death in children.
Lancet, 2005, 365:11471152; Mortality proles. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/whosis/mort/proles).
n
Estimate will be nalized following completion of an ongoing analysis (as of March 2007) designed to reconcile results from multiple recent surveys.
o
On 3 June 2006, the Permanent Representative of the Republic of Serbia to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva informed the Acting Director-General of the WHO that the membership of the state union Serbia and Montenegro in the United Nations, including all
organs and the organizations of the United Nations system, is continued by the Republic of Serbia on the basis of Article 60 of the Constitutional Charter
of Serbia and Montenegro, activated by the Declaration of Independence adopted by the National Assembly of Montenegro on 3 June 2006. Certain
data, statistics and other factual elements used or referred to in this report cover a period of time preceding that communication. Consequently, the
expression Serbia and Montenegro may appear with reference to the status of the Member State in question before the aforementioned
communication. The use of that expression is without prejudice to the status of either the Republic of Serbia or of Montenegro in the light of the afore
mentioned communication.

31

56835

83347-9473

Health status: morbidity

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may
use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR

HIV prevalence
among adults aged
15 yearsa
(per 100 000
population)

TB
prevalenceb
(per 100 000
population)

TB
incidenceb
(per 100 000
population)

No.
conrmed
cases of
poliomyelitisc

2005

2005

2005

2006

<100
...
82
...
3 281
...
456
121
99
173
87
2 807
...
<100
1 236
242
162
2 110
1 635
<100
120
...
23 624
454
<100
...
2 004
3 132
1 468
4 899
222
...
9 990
3 111
229
62
509
<500
4 731
...
235
6 442
...
52
...
<100
...
2 933
125
3 017
...
1 036
246
<100
770

288
28
55
15
333
9
51
79
6
9
85
49
43
406
12
70
10
55
144
174
280
57
556
76
63
41
461
602
703
206
4
327
483
495
16
208
66
89
449
26
17
659
65
11
5
11
179
541
6
1 161
24
116
202
32
68

168
20
55
18
269
7
41
71
6
11
76
38
40
227
11
62
13
49
88
103
211
52
654
60
54
39
223
334
506
174
5
174
314
272
15
100
45
45
367
16
14
382
41
9
4
10
178
356
7
762
16
91
131
25
51

32
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
17
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1d
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

32

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Member State

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico

WHO
region

HIV prevalence
among adults aged
15 yearsa
(per 100 000
population)

TB
prevalenceb
(per 100 000
population)

TB
incidenceb
(per 100 000
population)

No.
conrmed
cases of
poliomyelitisc

2005

2005

2005

2006

AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR

2 857
2 180
887
...
<500
<100
263
6 750
2 091
154
69
2 225
98
...
825
1 475
3 483
2 072
3 377
1 392
<100
<500
747
106
133
...
151
...
300
1 371
<100
...
105
6 125
...
...
111
103
508
114
22 684
...
...
116
<500
451
12 528
391
...
1 572
<500
...
629
437
244

355
515
46
546
30
5
10
385
352
86
6
380
15
8
110
431
293
194
405
99
25
2
299
262
30
76
10
6
5
10
38
6
155
936
426
28
133
306
66
12
588
507
18
63
9
396
518
131
53
578
4
269
590
132
27

233
282
43
344
23
6
13
308
242
83
7
205
17
5
78
236
206
149
305
78
22
3
168
239
23
56
12
8
7
7
28
5
144
641
380
24
121
155
63
11
696
301
18
63
11
234
409
102
47
278
6
224
298
62
23

0
0
0
17
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
660
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

33

56835

83347-9473

Health status: morbidity

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may
use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165

Micronesia (Federated States of)


Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland

WHO
region

WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
EMR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
WPR
EMR
AFR
EUR
SEAR
EMR
AMR
AFR

HIV prevalence
among adults aged
15 yearsa
(per 100 000
population)

TB
prevalenceb
(per 100 000
population)

TB
incidenceb
(per 100 000
population)

No.
conrmed
cases of
poliomyelitisc

2005

2005

2005

2006

...
...
<100
...
88
14 429
982
17 676
...
447
127
<100
215
998
3 547
...
67
...
86
...
755
1 621
338
480
<100
78
363
...
<100
815
...
775
3 133
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
837
...
...
1 361
158
<100
<100
...
870
16 579
380
<100
1 454
1 623
34 457

123
2
206
42
73
597
170
577
156
244
5
9
74
294
536
87
4
11
297
61
46
475
100
206
450
29
25
65
135
149
146
150
673
17
22
42
27
5
258
58
466
42
56
905
28
20
15
201
286
511
22
80
400
99
1 211

105
2
191
33
89
447
171
697
108
180
7
9
58
164
283
44
5
11
181
52
45
250
68
172
291
26
33
55
96
138
134
119
361
11
17
29
20
6
105
41
255
33
34
475
29
17
15
142
224
600
27
60
228
65
1 262

0
0
0
0
0
0
1d
19
0
4
0
0
0
11
1 099e
0
0
0
40
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
36
0
0
0
0
0
0

34

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Member State

166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
The former state union of Serbia and Montenegrof

WHO
region

HIV prevalence
among adults aged
15 yearsa
(per 100 000
population)

TB
prevalenceb
(per 100 000
population)

TB
incidenceb
(per 100 000
population)

No.
conrmed
cases of
poliomyelitisc

2005

2005

2005

2006

EUR
EUR
EMR
EUR
SEAR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
AMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
WPR
AFR
EUR
EMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
AMR
WPR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EUR

107
264
...
123
1 144
<100
...
2 879
...
2 538
115
...
<100
...
6 304
1 036
...
137
5 909
508
362
174
...
598
421
...
15 819
19 210
117

5
6
46
297
204
33
713
753
32
13
28
44
90
495
559
120
24
11
496
3
33
139
84
52
235
136
618
631
42

6
7
37
198
142
30
556
373
25
9
24
29
70
305
369
99
16
14
342
5
28
113
60
42
175
82
600
601
33

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
...

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

5 736
481
605
347
207
90
803

511
50
290
60
163
206
217

343
39
181
50
104
110
136

1 165
0
684
0
109
1
1 959

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR, Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
a
2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, 2006. See Annex
2: HIV and AIDS estimates and data, 2005 and 2003. Ranges of estimates and notes are available from this document.
b
TB, tuberculosis. Data are for all forms of TB including TB in people with HIV infection. Source: Global tuberculosis control: surveillance,
planning, nancing. WHO report 2007. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (WHO/HTM/TB/2007.376) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/
global_report).
c
Data from World Health Organization, Polio Eradication Initiative, as of 2 February 2007. Updated information can be found at http://www.who.
int/immunization_monitoring/en/diseases/poliomyelitis/case_count.cfm.
d
One case of vaccine-derived poliovirus infection.
e
Of the total conrmed cases of poliomyelitis, one is vaccine-derived poliovirus.
f
See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.

35

56835

83347-9473

Health service coverage

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR

Immunization coverage
among 1-year-oldsa

Antenatal care
coverageb

Measles

DTP3

HepB3

At least
1 visit

At least
4 visits

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)

(%)

64
97
83
94
45
99
99
94
94
75
98
85
99
81
93
99
88
95
85
93
64
90
90
99
97
96
84
75
79
68
94
65
35
23
90
86
89
80
56
99
89
51
96
98
86

76
98
88
98
47
99
92
90
92
86
93
93
98
88
92
99
97
96
93
95
81
93
97
96
99
96
96
74
82
80
94
73
40
20
91
87
87
80
65
99
91
56
96
99
98

...
98
83
79
...
99
87
91
94
86
96
93
98
62
92
99
78
97
92
95
81
93
85
92
99
96
...
74
...
79
...
69
...
...
...
84
87
80
...
99
90
56
99
99
88

52
81
79
...
...
...
...
82
...
...
70
...
...
39
89
...
...
...
88
...
84
99
99
...
...
...
72
93
44
77
...
...
...
51
...
...
90
...
...
...
...
84
...
...
...

36

...
42
...
...
...
82
95
65
...
...
...
...
...
11
...
...
...
96
61
...
69
...
97
...
100
...
18
79
9
52
...
99
...
13
...
...
79
...
...
...
70
35
...
100
...

Year

2003
2002
2000

2001
2001
2000

2001

19992000
2001

2001
2001
2001
2000
2001
2001
2003
2001
2000
1998
2001
1997

2000

2001
19981999
2001

Births attended
by skilled
health
personnelc

Contraceptive
prevalence
rated

(%)

Year

(%)

Year

14
94
90
...
45
100
99
98
100
...
74
99
99
13
100
100
99
89
66
51
61
100
99
97
100
99
38
25
44
62
100
89
44
15
100
83
91
62
83
98
98
63
100
100
99

2003
2002k
2002

4.8
75.1
64.0
...
6.2
...
...
60.5
...
...
55.4
...
...
58.1
...
...
...
...
18.6
...
58.4
47.5
40.4
...
...
41.5
13.8
15.7
23.8
26.0
...
52.9
27.9
2.8
...
90.2
78.2
25.7
44.3
...
80.0
15.0
...
73.3
...

2000
2002
2000

2001
2005
2004k
2005
2003
2001
2004
2005
2004k
2004
2005
1999
2005
2001k
2005
20032004k
2000
2000
2003
2004
2005
2003
2000
20052006
2004
20032004
1998k
2000
20042005k
2004
2004
20042005
2000
20052006k
2001
2004
2000
2005
2005
2003

2001

2000

2001

2004

2001
20032004
2000
2000

1997
2003
2000
2000
2004
1998
2000
2004
2004
20042005
2000
2005
1999
19981999
2000

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

(%)
...
...
...
...
2
...
...
...
...
...
1
...
...
...
...
. ..
...
...
7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2
1
...
1
...
...
2
1
...
...
3
9
...
...
...
1
...
...
...

Year

2001

2000

2001

2003
2000
2004

2000
2000

2000
2000

2000

HIV-infected
pregnant women
for PMTCTg

People with
advanced HIV
infectionsf

Antiretroviral
Children
therapy coverage
aged <5 years
sleeping under
insecticide-treated
bednetse

(%)
(%)
Dec 2006 Dec 2005
...
...
25
...
10
...
79
...
...
...
<1
...
...
<3
87
20
...
59
38
...
24
...
>95
85
...
...
39
26
...
25
...
...
6
14
83
27
50
...
17
...
>95
28
...
>95
...

...
...
...
...
1
...
87
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
17
...
...
...
54
48
...
...
6
3
4
10
...
...
4
1
...
2
...
...
10
...
...
4
...
...
...

TB
detection
rate
under
DOTSh

TB
treatment
success
under
DOTSi

Children
aged < 5 years
with ARI
symptoms taken
to facilityj

Children
aged < 5 years
with diarrhoea
receiving ORTj

(%)
2005

(%)
2004 cohort

(%)

(%)

44
25
106
94
85
246
67
60
42
56
55
...
77
59
...
46
64
102
83
31
72
71
69
53
112
90
18
30
66
106
64
34
40
22
112
80
26
49
57
77
118
38
...
98
57

89
78
91
100
68
100
58
70
85
69
60
...
82
90
...
74
72
60
83
83
80
98
65
81
71
80
67
78
91
71
62
71
91
69
83
94
85
94
63
0
...
71
...
93
20

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.6
...
...
...
...
...
20.3
...
...
...
...
29.3
...
51.5
...
...
...
...
...
32.6
...
34.5
39.9
...
...
...
11.8
...
...
56.7
...
43.9
...
...
34.9
...
...
...

Year

2000

2004

2001
2003

2003
2000
2004

2004

2005
2005

1999

37

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
59.7
...
...
...
...
...
83.4
...
...
...
...
60.9
...
66.4
...
...
...
...
...
62.8
...
74.1
56.7
...
...
...
37.5
...
...
70.1
...
53.5
...
...
66.1
...
...
...

Year

2000

2004

2001
2003

2003
2000
2004

2004

2005
2005

1999

Children
aged < 5 years
with fever
who received
treatment with
any antimalariale

(%)
...
...
...
...
63.0
...
...
...
...
...
0.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
60.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
49.6
31.3
...
53.1
...
...
68.8
55.8
...
...
...
62.7
...
...
...
57.5
...
...
...

Year

2001

2000

2001

2003
2000
2004

2000
2004

2000

2000

Children
659 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementationj

(%)
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
81.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
60.0
...
...
...
...
...
33.3
...
28.5
37.5
...
...
...
32.0
...
...
...
...
65.5
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2004

2003

2003
2000
2004

2004

2005

Births
by Caesarean
sectionb

(%)
...
15
6
24
...
...
...
7
21
21
4
...
...
3
...
17
16
...
4
...
15
...
...
...
...
17
1
...
1
3
19
6
...
1
...
...
25
...
...
...
...
3
14
...
...

Year

2002
2000
1999

2000
1998
2002
2002

19992000
2002
1999
2001
1998

2002
2003
2000
1998
19971998
1998
19961997

2000

19981999
2002

56835

83347-9473

Health service coverage

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati

WHO
region

EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR

Immunization coverage
among 1-year-oldsa

Antenatal care
coverageb

Measles

DTP3

HepB3

At least
1 visit

At least
4 visits

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)

(%)

97
96
70
95
65
98
99
93
98
99
51
84
96
59
70
97
87
55
84
92
93
83
88
99
77
59
80
92
54
92
99
90
58
72
94
90
84
95
87
84
99
95
99
69
56

97
79
73
93
71
98
77
94
98
89
33
83
96
69
75
97
98
38
88
84
90
84
88
99
81
69
80
93
43
91
99
95
59
70
95
81
90
95
96
88
99
95
98
76
62

99
92
...
...
...
...
77
94
98
89
...
83
95
...
75
...
29
55
88
74
84
84
88
99
27
...
...
93
...
91
...
...
8
70
94
81
...
95
96
87
...
95
94
76
67

...
98
...
...
...
...
100
56
54
...
...
...
...
27
...
...
...
94
92
91
...
90
...
...
86
74
89
88
79
...
...
...
65
97
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
99
82
88
...

...
...
...
...
...
100
93
...
41
76
37
49
...
10
...
...
...
63
...
...
...
69
...
98
68
48
62
...
42
84
...
...
30
81
77
78
...
...
...
99
...
91
71
52
88

38

Year

2000

2001
1999
1999
2000
2001
2001
2001
2000

2000
2000
1999
2003
2001
19981999
1999
2001
2000
2000
2001

19981999
20022003
2001
2001

2001
2002
1999
2003
2001

Births attended
by skilled
health
personnelc

Contraceptive
prevalence
rated

(%)

Year

(%)

Year

100
97
61
...
61
100
98
74
74
69
65
28
100
6
99
100
...
86
55
92
100
47
...
100
41
38
35
86
25
67
100
...
48
66
90
72
100
...
99
97
100
100
99
42
89

2005
2004
2001

72.0
...
31.4
...
...
...
69.8
65.8
59.2
67.3
...
8.0
...
14.7
...
...
...
32.7
9.6
47.2
...
25.2
...
...
43.3
9.1
7.6
37.3
28.1
61.8
...
...
48.2
60.3
72.9
...
...
...
...
65.9
55.9
55.8
66.1
39.3
...

1997

2003
2004
2002k
2004
2005
20022003
2000
2002
2005
2005
2002
2002
2000k
2000
2005
2006
2003
2005
2002k
2005
2000
2000k
20052006
20052006
2005
20052006k
20022003
2000
2000
2002
2003
20022003
2004
2002
2005
2003
2002

2001

2002
1999
2005
20022003
2002
2005

2000
2000
2005
2003

2002
2005
2000
2000
2000
2001

19981999
20022003
1997

1997
2000
2002
1999
2003

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

(%)
...
...
1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
4
...
...
...
...
...
...
15
...
...
4
...
...
1
...
7
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
...
<0.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
5
...

Year

2001

2000
2002

2000

2003

2000
2000

2000
2000

2003

HIV-infected
pregnant women
for PMTCTg

People with
advanced HIV
infectionsf

Antiretroviral
Children
therapy coverage
aged <5 years
sleeping under
insecticide-treated
bednetse

(%)
(%)
Dec 2006 Dec 2005
...
...
11
...
20
...
37
34
22
39
24
8
...
...
...
...
...
35
12
32
...
16
...
...
52
10
6
72
39
40
...
...
...
20
5
0
...
...
...
56
...
...
10
44
...

...
...
2
...
1
...
27
22
...
18
...
2
...
...
...
...
...
3
6
...
...
6
...
...
10
1
...
...
7
12
...
...
2
<1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
20
...

TB
detection
rate
under
DOTSh

TB
treatment
success
under
DOTSi

Children
aged < 5 years
with ARI
symptoms taken
to facilityj

Children
aged < 5 years
with diarrhoea
receiving ORTj

(%)
2005

(%)
2004 cohort

(%)

(%)

65
99
72
71
42
...
76
28
63
67
...
13
64
33
72
...
...
57
69
91
52
37
...
...
55
56
79
40
57
82
43
53
61
66
64
43
...
42
72
61
57
63
72
43
73

73
89
85
88
80
...
80
85
70
90
...
85
71
79
...
...
...
40
86
68
68
72
...
...
85
72
75
72
80
85
54
50
86
90
84
85
...
80
...
46
57
85
72
80
94

...
...
...
...
...
...
60.8
...
72.6
...
...
43.6
...
18.7
...
...
...
47.7
...
...
...
44.0
...
...
37.4
34.5
...
...
36.3
55.9
...
...
...
56.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
71.7
48.0
45.5
...

Year

2002
2005

2002
2005

2000

2003

1999
2005

2000
2005

2003

2002
1999
2003

39

...
...
...
...
...
...
55.0
...
35.7
...
...
68.4
...
37.1
...
...
...
71.6
...
...
...
63.3
...
...
58.6
56.7
...
...
54.9
66.8
...
...
...
60.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
63.9
52.6
50.6
...

Year

2002
2005

2002
2005

2000

2003

1999
2005

2000
2005

2003

2002
1999
2003

Children
aged < 5 years
with fever
who received
treatment with
any antimalariale

(%)

Year

...
...
45.4
2001
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
48.6
2000
3.6
2002
...
3.0
2000
...
...
...
...
55.2
2000
...
...
62.8
2003
...
...
...
...
58.4
2000
2.6
2000
11.7
2000
...
...
...
...
0.7 20022003
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
26.5
2003
...

Children
659 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementationj

(%)
...
...
...
...
...
...
30.7
...
13.8
...
...
38.0
...
45.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
78.4
...
...
...
68.2
...
...
31.6
...
...
...
...
75.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.3
...

Year

2002
2005

2002
2005

2003

2005

2000

2003

2003

Births
by Caesarean
sectionb

(%)

Year

14
2002
...
...
18
2001
...
...
32
1999
19
1999
11
2000
16
1998
...
...
15
2002
1
2000
...
16
2002
16
1999
6
2000
...
12
2002
22
2001
4
2003
...
...
12 19981999
2
1999
...
...
2
2000
...
23
2002
17
2001
7 19981999
4 20022003
...
...
19
2000
17
2001
32
1999
...
...
16
2002
11
1998
4
2003
...

56835

83347-9473

Health service coverage

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135

Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR

Immunization coverage
among 1-year-oldsa

Antenatal care
coverageb

Measles

DTP3

HepB3

At least
1 visit

At least
4 visits

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)

(%)

99
99
41
95
96
85
94
97
97
95
59
82
90
97
86
86
86
61
98
96
96
99
99
...
97
77
72
73
80
74
96
82
96
83
35
99
90
98
78
98
99
60
90
80
80

99
98
49
99
92
83
87
98
94
99
61
93
90
98
85
92
77
71
97
98
94
99
99
...
98
72
73
86
80
75
98
89
86
89
25
85
91
99
72
98
85
61
75
84
79

99
97
49
98
88
83
...
97
95
95
61
93
90
98
85
78
89
42
97
98
91
99
98
...
96
72
62
...
80
41
...
87
86
...
...
86
...
99
73
98
85
63
75
84
44

...
88
44
...
...
91
...
...
...
...
91
94
...
98
53
...
...
63
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
71
...
85
...
49
...
...
85
39
61
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
85
94

...
81
29
...
87
88
84
81
...
...
38
55
...
81
30
...
...
16
...
86
...
...
97
...
...
41
76
69
...
15
...
...
72
11
47
...
...
...
...
...
72
78
89
69
70

40

Year

1997
2001
2001
2001
2001
2001

1997
2000
2001
2001

20002001
2001

2001

1997
2001
2000
2001

2001
1998
2003

2001
2001
2001
2000
2003

Births attended
by skilled
health
personnelc

Contraceptive
prevalence
rated

(%)

Year

(%)

100
98
19
100
98
55
51
99
100
100
51
56
100
70
41
100
95
57
99
93
88
...
100
...
63
48
68
76
...
19
100
97
67
16
35
100
...
98
31
100
91
42
77
71
60

2002
2005
2001
2005
2004
2004k
19992000
1999
2005
2002
20032004
20042005
2005
2001k
2001
2006
2002
20002001k
2005
2003
2001

...
59.5
32.2
...
...
37.3
...
...
...
...
27.1
32.5
...
42.0
8.1
...
...
8.0
75.9
68.4
...
...
67.4
...
63.0
16.5
37.0
43.7
...
39.3
...
...
68.6
14.0
12.6
...
...
...
27.6
...
...
...
72.8
70.5
48.9

2004
20032004
20032004
2003
2000
2006
2003
2001
2001
2000k
2003k
2005
2005
20042005
2002
2004
2004
2004
2004k
2003

Year

1997
2000

2004

20032004
2004
1999
2001

20002001
2002
1997

2000
20032004
20032004
2001
2000
2001

2001
2000
2003

20002001

2004
20032004
2003

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

(%)
...
...
15
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0
36
...
...
...
...
...
2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2002
...

2000
2004

2003-2004

2000
2003

HIV-infected
pregnant women
for PMTCTg

People with
advanced HIV
infectionsf

Antiretroviral
Children
therapy coverage
aged <5 years
sleeping under
insecticide-treated
bednetse

(%)
(%)
Dec 2006 Dec 2005
...
...
...
...
...
31
...
...
...
...
1
43
22
...
37
...
...
17
...
76
...
...
...
...
41
14
7
71
...
4
...
...
35
6
15
...
...
...
<1
...
70
8
64
50
10

...
...
...
...
...
12
...
...
...
...
<1
6
10
...
3
...
...
1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
6
8
29
...
...
...
...
...
1
<1
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
...
9
...

TB
detection
rate
under
DOTSh

TB
treatment
success
under
DOTSi

Children
aged < 5 years
with ARI
symptoms taken
to facilityj

Children
aged < 5 years
with diarrhoea
receiving ORTj

(%)
2005

(%)
2004 cohort

(%)

(%)

66
67
68
83
74
85
50
178
100
59
67
39
73
94
21
50
77
28
32
110
61
...
82
...
101
49
95
90
...
67
47
51
88
50
22
0
44
108
37
64
131
21
33
86
75

63
85
86
73
90
69
70
64
72
...
71
71
56
95
71
100
90
22
89
82
80
...
88
...
87
77
84
68
...
87
83
66
87
61
73
0
89
90
82
100
78
65
83
90
87

...
...
...
...
...
54.4
...
...
...
...
39.3
19.6
...
...
42.8
...
...
39.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
34.5
51.4
...
53.1
...
23.7
...
...
57.4
28.1
31.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
68.0
46.3

Year

2005

2004
2004

2001

2001

2004
2003
2000
2001

2001
2006
2003

2004
2003

41

...
73.5
...
...
...
79.6
...
...
...
...
58.1
70.1
...
...
65.7
...
...
47.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
54.0
70.5
...
65.8
...
46.5
...
...
67.7
52.9
40.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
70.6
58.9

Year

1997

2005

2004
2004

2001

2001

2004
2003
2000
2001

2001
2006
2003

2004
2003

Children
aged < 5 years
with fever
who received
treatment with
any antimalariale

(%)

Year

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
41.1
2004
31.6
2004
...
...
37.6
2003
...
...
33.4 20032004
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.4
2000
...
...
...
...
1.8
2001
48.1
2000
33.8
2003
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Children
659 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementationj

(%)
...
...
...
...
...
54.6
...
...
...
...
76.2
65.4
...
...
40.9
...
...
57.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.5
49.8
...
38.1
...
81.0
...
...
65.3
...
33.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
76.0

Year

2005

2004
2004

2001

2001

2004
2003
2000
2001

2001
2003

2003

Births
by Caesarean
sectionb

(%)

Year

...
6
1997
...
17
2002
23
1998
...
...
...
15
2002
19
2000
1
1997
3
2000
...
...
1
2001
25
2002
...
3 20002001
...
...
...
...
5
2000
...
...
3
1997
...
...
...
1
2001
14
2002
19
1999
15
2001
1
1998
2
2003
...
16
2001
...
...
...
...
...
...
13
2000
7
2003

56835

83347-9473

Health service coverage

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO
region

Immunization coverage
among 1-year-oldsa

Antenatal care
coverageb

Contraceptive
prevalence
rated

Measles

DTP3

HepB3

At least
1 visit

At least
4 visits

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)

(%)

(%)

Year

(%)

Year

100
100
100
100
100

2005
2001
2002
2003
2005l

...
...
43.2
80.5
62.4

1998
1997
2000

98
99
39
100
100
100
100
...
79
96
52
...
...
42
100
100
100
85
25
92
...
97
57
71
70
...
100
90
71
99
99
18
49
98
97
90
83
97
100
39

2005
2005
2005k
2005
2004
2005
2004

63.8
72.8
13.2
...
...
...
...
...
29.3
...
11.8
...
...
4.3
62.0
...
...
...
...
56.3
...
70.0
...
42.1
27.7
...
...
...
33.9
72.2
...
10.0
25.7
...
38.2
63.0
63.9
61.8
...
22.8

136
137
138
139
140

Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova

EUR
EUR
EMR
WPR
EUR

98
93
99
99
97

99
93
97
96
98

98
94
97
99
99

...
...
62
...
99

...
...
58
...
...

141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

EUR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
EMR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
WPR
EMR
AFR
EUR
SEAR
EMR
AMR
AFR
EUR
EUR
EMR
EUR
SEAR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
AMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
WPR
AFR

97
99
89
99
94
97
57
94
88
96
74
96
99
67
96
98
94
72
35
82
97
99
60
91
60
94
82
98
84
96
96
48
70
99
93
96
91
99
62
86

97
98
95
99
95
99
64
95
97
96
84
98
99
64
96
99
96
80
35
94
96
99
59
83
71
99
93
99
81
98
97
55
82
99
95
98
90
99
93
84

98
97
95
99
95
99
60
95
96
96
84
65
99
...
96
99
...
72
...
94
96
99
52
83
71
...
...
99
81
96
53
...
...
99
95
97
85
99
79
84

89
96
93
...
...
...
...
...
91
...
82
...
...
82
...
...
...
...
...
89
...
...
...
91
...
...
...
...
75
...
...
...
78
...
96
...
67
87
...
92

...
...
10
100
100
92
...
...
...
...
64
...
...
68
...
...
...
...
32
72
...
98
75
91
...
...
...
51
...
86
...
...
46
...
98
79
42
83
...
40

42

Year

Births attended
by skilled
health
personnelc

1998
1997
1999
1999
2001
2001
2001
2001

2000
1999

2001

2001
1998
2001
2001
2001

2001
2000
2001

1998
2001
2001
1998
2000
20002001

2000
2004
2005

2000
2004
2004
2005
1999
2002
20032004
2000
1999m
2000k
2000
2006
2004
2000
2000
2005
2002
2000
2004
2002
2000
2003
2000
2002
20002001

1999
1999
2000

2000
2005

2000
1997

1998
2000
2000
2000

2000
19961997
2003
2000
2000
2001
1998
2000
20002001

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

(%)

Year

HIV-infected
pregnant women
for PMTCTg

People with
advanced HIV
infectionsf

Antiretroviral
Children
therapy coverage
aged <5 years
sleeping under
insecticide-treated
bednetse

(%)
(%)
Dec 2006 Dec 2005

TB
detection
rate
under
DOTSh

TB
treatment
success
under
DOTSi

Children
aged < 5 years
with ARI
symptoms taken
to facilityj

Children
aged < 5 years
with diarrhoea
receiving ORTj

(%)
2005

(%)
2004 cohort

(%)

(%)

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
6

62
85
47
18
65

79
84
78
80
62

...
...
...
...
54.4

...
...
5
...
...
...
...
...
23
...
2
...
...
2
...
...
...
...
0
...
...
...
0
3
0
...
...
...
2
...
...
4
2
...
...
...
...
...
...
0

...
11
72
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34
...
...
14
...
...
...
...
<1
33
...
<8
1
93
42
...
...
...
<5
88
...
0
24
...
45
...
...
...
...
41

...
84
36
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
...
...
1
...
...
...
...
...
30
...
...
<1
...
34
...
...
...
12
...
...
...
8
...
...
...
...
...
...
11

82
30
29
0
92
39
66
...
...
38
51
79
65
37
100
39
84
55
86
103
...
86
35
...
42
56
...
42
22
73
66
44
18
96
...
82
3
43
35
45

82
59
77
...
64
86
100
...
...
82
74
91
92
82
81
88
90
87
91
70
...
85
77
...
50
64
...
86
84
74
84
80
67
...
...
90
91
86
100
70

...
...
26.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
40.6
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
41.0
...
...
29.6

2000

2000
2000

2000

1999

2000
2000
2000

2000

2002
2000

2000-2001

Year

2005

2005

2005

1998

2003

2001

43

Year

Children
aged < 5 years
with fever
who received
treatment with
any antimalariale

(%)

Year

Children
659 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementationj

(%)

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...

...
...
31.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
52.5
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
89.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
53.1

...
...
12.6
...
...
...
...
...
61.2
...
36.2
...
...
60.7
...
...
...
...
18.5
...
...
...
50.2
...
25.5
...
...
...
68.9
...
...
47.4
60.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
84.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
75.3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
37.6

2005

2005

1998

2001

2000

2000
2000

2000

1999

2000
2000

2000

2002
2000

Year

Births
by Caesarean
sectionb

(%)
...
30
16
...
6

2005

2005

2001

Year

2001
1998
1997

11
1999
12
1999
2
2000
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2
1997
...
...
2
1997
...
18
2002
14
2002
...
...
16
1998
...
...
...
...
...
17
2001
10
2002
...
2
2002
...
10
2001
...
2
1998
...
...
8
2000
14
1998
4
2000
...
3 20002001

56835

83347-9473

Health service coverage

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
The former state union of Serbia
and Montenegron

WHO
region

Immunization coverage
among 1-year-oldsa

Antenatal care
coverageb

Measles

DTP3

HepB3

At least
1 visit

At least
4 visits

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)
2005

(%)

(%)

EUR
EMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
AMR
WPR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EUR

96
92
82
91
93
95
99
70
76
95
76
84
85
...

96
94
91
90
96
96
99
66
87
95
86
80
90
...

97
92
...
90
92
96
99
56
88
94
86
80
90
...

90
...
...
96
...
...
...
...
...
70
34
94
82
...

...
...
...
69
...
94
...
...
90
29
11
71
64
...

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

65
92
65
93
82
87
77

67
92
66
95
82
87
78

39
85
27
76
74
76
55

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

1999

1999
2001

2001
2002
1997
20012002
1999

Births attended
by skilled
health
personnelc

Contraceptive
prevalence
rated

(%)

Year

(%)

Year

100
100
99
46
99
99
96
87
94
85
20
43
80
93

2005
2003
1998
20042005
2003
2004
2000
2003
2000
2002
2003
20012002
20052006
2001

67.5
...
84.0
26.4
72.9
...
67.7
...
...
78.5
20.8
34.2
53.5
58.3

1999
2002
20042005
2002
2002

2002
1997
20012002
1999
2000

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

44
91
49
95
53
81
63

23.7
72.0
51.5
68.3
39.9
84.7
61.9

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR,
Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
a
DTP3, 3 doses of diphtheriatetanus toxoidpertussis vaccine; HepB3, 3 doses of Hepatitis B vaccine. WHO/UNICEF estimates of national immunization
coverage [online database.]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006 (http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/routine/immunization_coverage/en/
index4.html). Estimates based on data available up to August 2006. For countries recommending the rst dose of measles among children older than
12 months of age, the indicator is calculated as the proportion of children less than 24 months of age receiving one dose of measles containing vaccine.
b
The World Health Report 2005: make every mother and child count. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2005 (http://www.who.int/whr/2005/en/index.
html).
c
WHO global database on births attended by skill health personnel, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007.
d
Percentage of women using contraception among those of reproductive age who are married or living with a partner. Source: World contraceptive use
2005 [CD-ROM]. New York, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, 2006. Additional updated
information obtained by WHOs Department of Reproductive Health and Research directly from the UN Population Division.
e
World malaria report 2005. Geneva, World Health Organization, United Nations Childrens Fund, 2005. Values for Cameroon and Chad have been updated for this report.
f
Towards universal access: scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector. Geneva, World Health Organization, UNAIDS, United Nations
Childrens Fund, 2007. See Annex 1: Estimated number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy, people needing antiretroviral therapy and percentage
coverage in WHO Member States. Ranges of estimates are available from this document.
g
PMTCT, preventing mother-to-child transmission. The coverage estimate is calculated by dividing the number of pregnant HIV-infected women who
received antiretrovirals for PMTCT by the estimated unrounded number of pregnant HIV-infected women. Source: Towards universal access: scaling up
priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector. Geneva, World Health Organization, UNAIDS, United Nations Childrens Fund, 2007. See Annex 3:
Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in low- and middle-income countries, 2005. Ranges of estimates are available from this document.

44

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

(%)

Year

...
...
...
2
...
...
...
...
...
16
...
7
...
...

1999

2000
2001-2002

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

HIV-infected
pregnant women
for PMTCTg

People with
advanced HIV
infectionsf

Antiretroviral
Children
therapy coverage
aged <5 years
sleeping under
insecticide-treated
bednetse

(%)
(%)
Dec 2006 Dec 2005

TB
detection
rate
under
DOTSh

TB
treatment
success
under
DOTSi

Children
aged < 5 years
with ARI
symptoms taken
to facilityj

Children
aged < 5 years
with diarrhoea
receiving ORTj

(%)
2005

(%)
2004 cohort

(%)

(%)

...
...
...
18
...
51
...
...
71
17
0
35
15
...

90
...
...
6
...
...
...
...
...
7
...
15
9
...

...
19
...
45
85
83
39
61
73
84
41
52
41
...

...
70
...
81
61
...
78
90
81
93
82
83
54
...

...
...
...
56.6
...
...
...
...
...
71.3
32.2
69.1
49.8
...

29
...
18
...
...
30
...

11
...
6
...
...
4
...

50
65
64
35
44
76
60

74
80
87
74
83
91
84

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2005

2002
1997
2002
1999

...
...
...
70.0
...
...
...
...
...
74.0
64.6
66.9
79.7
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2005

2002
1997
2002
1999

Children
aged < 5 years
with fever
who received
treatment with
any antimalariale

(%)

Year

...
...
...
53.4
1999
...
...
...
...
...
6.5
2000
...
51.9 20012002
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Children
659 months
who received
vitamin A
supplementationj

(%)
...
...
...
41.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
67.4
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2005

2002

Births
by Caesarean
sectionb

(%)

Year

9
1999
...
17
1997
3
1999
23
2000
...
...
...
...
10
2002
1
1997
2 20012002
7
1999
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

TB, tuberculosis; DOTS, internationally recommended TB control strategy. The detection rate is the number of new smear-positive cases notied to WHO
divided by the estimated number of new smear-positive cases. Source: Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, nancing. WHO report 2007.
Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (WHO/HTM/TB/2007.376) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).
i
The treatment success rate is the percentage of new smear-positive patients registered for treatment under DOTS during 2004 who were cured (with
laboratory conrmation) or completed their course of treatment. Source: Global tuberculosis control: surveillance, planning, nancing. WHO report 2007.
Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (WHO/HTM/TB/2007.376) (http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report).
j
ARI, acute respiratory infection; ORT, oral rehydration therapy. Data compiled by the Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development,
WHO, from Demographic and Health Surveys: nal reports, 2007 (http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/search/search_results.cfm?Type=5&srchTp=type&
newSrch=1, accessed 15 February 2007).
k
In this case, data do not relate to skilled health personnel as dened in the document Making pregnancy safer: the critical role of the skilled attendant.
A joint statement by WHO, ICM and FIGO. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2004. Further information can be found at http://www.who.int/reproductive-health/global_monitoring/RHRxmls/RHRmainpage.htm.
l
Excludes Transnistria region.
m
Covers Northern Sudan and selected sites in Southern Sudan.
n
See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.

45

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO
region

Children aged
<5 years
stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR

53.6
39.2
21.6
...
50.8
...
8.2
18.2
...
...
24.1
...
...
50.5
...
...
...
...
39.1
47.7
32.5
12.1
29.1
...
...
8.8
43.1
63.1
49.2
35.4
...
...
44.6
44.8
2.7
18.6
16.2
46.9
31.2
...

Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus

AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR

...
31.5
...
9.6
...

1997
2000
2002
2001
20042005
2005

2000

2004

2001
1999
20032004
2000
2000

2004
2003
2000
2000
2004

2000
2004
2006
2002
2005
2000
2005

19981999
2000

Children aged
<5 years
underweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes
46.2
17.0
10.2
...
27.5
...
2.3
4.2
...
...
14.0
...
...
42.7
...
...
...
...
21.5
14.1
5.9
4.2
10.7
3.7
...
1.6
35.2
38.9
39.5
15.1
...
...
21.8
33.9
0.8
6.1
5.1
25.0
11.8
...
...
18.2
...
4.3
...

46

1997
2000
2002
2001
20042005
2005

2000

2004

2001
1999
20032004
2000
2000
20022003
2004
2003
2000
2000
2004

2000
2004
2006
2002
20042005
2000
2005

19981999
2000

Children aged
<5 years
overweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes
...
30.0
15.4
...
5.3
...
9.9
11.7
...
...
6.2
...
...
0.9
...
...
...
...
3.0
3.9
9.2
16.3
10.4
...
...
13.6
5.4
1.4
4.0
8.7
...
...
10.8
4.4
11.7
6.1
4.2
21.5
8.5
...
...
4.6
...
...
...

...
2000
2002
2001
20042005
2005

2000

2004

2001
1999
20032004
2000
2000

2004
2003
2000
2000
2004

2000
2004
2006
2002
20042005
2000
2005

19981999

Lowbirthweight
newbornsb

Adults aged 15 years


who are obesec

(%)
Both sexes
20002002

(%)
Male

Year

Female

...
3
7
...
12
8
7
7
7
7
11
7
8
30
10
5
8
6
16
15
9
4
10
10
10
10
19
16
11
11
6
13
14
17
5
6
9
25
...
3

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
19.4
...
...
...
23.3
...
...
...
11.9
...
...
...
...
16.5
...
8.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
15.9
...
...
...
19.0
2.4
8.8
...
...
55.7

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.1
22.0
...
12.4
...
34.1
...
...
...
13.4
...
6.1
...
15.1
25.2
...
13.1
...
...
2.4
...
0.7
8.2
13.9
...
...
...
25.0
3.4
16.6
...
...
60.5

7
17
6
6
...

...
...
21.6
...
...

...
5.0
22.7
...
...

20002001m
19992000n
2001k
19981999n

2004o
2001m
2003m
2002n
20022003n

2003m
2000m
2004m
2003n,o

2003n
2002n
2005n

2003n
19981999m
2003n

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Access to
improved drinking
water sourcesd

Access to
improved
sanitationd

Population
using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

63
99
88
100
75
95
98
99
100
100
95
98
100
82

31
94
80
100
40
89
80
80
100
100
59
86
...
72

49
99
99
100
56
98
92
96
100
100
73
100
100
51

29
84
82
100
16
94
83
61
100
100
36
100
...
35

100
100
100
100
78
86
95
99
100
96
...
100
94
92
64
86
100
86
93
41
100

100
100
100
82
57
60
68
96
90
57
...
97
54
77
35
44
99
73
61
43
58

99
93
100
71
59
65
60
99
57
83
...
100
42
47
53
58
100
61
47
24
95

93
99
92
84
98
100
97
100
95
100

67
71
82
27
88
92
74
100
78
100

69
96
41
28
100
89
46
100
99
100

Urban
2003

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adults
(15 years)h

Adolescents
(1315 years)g
Rural
2003

Both
sexes

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
9
...
...
...
...
...
54

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
54
...
...
...
...
...
99

...
13.0
...
...
...
14.1
...
7.3
...
...
...
11.9
19.9
...

100
61
100
25
11
70
22
92
25
37
...
96
6
35
8
43
99
19
12
4
62

...
...
...
...
88
...
5
21
...
5
...
...
91
98
82
62
...
...
...
95
...

...
...
...
...
99
...
80
75
...
53
...
...
100
100
99
98
...
...
...
98
...

14.8
26.9
...
18.1
14.5
18.1
...
...
11.3
...
...
34.3
...
...
5.1
...
...
...
...
...
...

28
54
29
25
100
97
29
100
95
100

...
3
46
84
...
...
63
7
...
...

...
48
90
98
...
...
95
24
...
...

...
...
...
...
45.1
18.7
...
18.9
...
...

Year

2004

2004
2004

2004
2002
2002
2004
2002
2003
2004

2001

2002

2003

2003
2002
2003

Per capita
recorded
alcohol
consumptioni
(litres of pure
alcohol)
among adults
(15 years)

Male

Female

...
46.3
...
...
...
...
...
67.5
...
...
...
...
15.0
58.2

...
3.0
...
...
...
...
...
3.1
...
...
...
...
3.1
8.2

...
...
28.0
...
...
...
...
54.2
...
26.3
...
...
24.2
...
...
...
22.0
...
...
18.3
48.3

...
...
20.0
...
...
...
...
34.2
...
17.5
...
...
11.1
...
...
...
18.0
...
...
3.7
36.8

57.4
...
27.5
16.5
...
...
20.7
31.6
...
...

3.5
...
17.0
1.7
...
...
3.2
22.9
...
...

47

Year

2002k,l

2001m

2001
2003n

2001

2003n
2003n

2003n

2003l

2003n
2003n
2003n,p
2003n,p
2003n,p

2003n,p
2003n

Prevalence of condom use


by young people
(1524 years)
at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

0.01
2.01
0.16
...
3.86
5.73
8.40
1.48
9.02
11.08
4.54
10.40
6.98

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
44
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

0.00
...
5.53
10.63
6.25
1.29
0.23
3.23
9.05
4.29
5.76
0.12
5.86
5.01
9.10
1.48
3.77
7.80
4.78
1.53
0.31

...
...
...
...
...
34
...
37
...
88
...
...
...
67
...
...
57
...
...
...
25

...
...
...
...
...
19
...
20
...
75
...
...
...
54
...
...
46
...
...
...
17

6.60
5.20
5.68
0.31
2.60
3.73
5.65
1.77
12.25
2.26
11.52

...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2000

2001
2003
2000

2003

2004

2004

2000

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO
region

Children aged
<5 years
stunted for agea

Children aged
<5 years
underweight
for agea

(%)

(%)

Year

Both sexes
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland

EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EMR
EUR

2.6
44.7
44.4
...
28.6
...
11.7
29.0
23.8
24.6
42.6
43.7
...
50.7
...
...
...
26.3
24.1
15.2
...
35.6
...
...
54.3
39.3
36.1
13.8
28.3
29.9
...
...
51.0
28.6
19.7
28.3
...

Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati

EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR

...
...
4.5
...
12.0
13.9
35.8
...

20012002
2002
2001
2002
2002
2004
2005
20022003
2000
2002
2005

20002001
2000
1999
2003

2002
2005
2000
2000
2000
20052006

19981999
2004
1998
2000

2004
2002
1999
2003

Year

Both sexes
2.1
17.8
33.6
...
23.9
...
4.2
6.2
5.4
6.1
15.7
34.5
...
34.6
...
...
...
8.8
15.4
3.4
...
18.8
...
...
17.7
22.5
21.9
11.9
13.9
8.6
...
...
44.4
19.7
9.1
12.9
...
...
...
3.1
...
3.6
3.8
16.5
...

48

20012002
2002
2001
2002
2002
2004
2005
20022003
2000
2002
2005

20002001
2000
1999
2003

2002
2005
2000
2000
2000
20052006

19981999
2004
1998
2000

2004
2002
1999
2003

Children aged
<5 years
overweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes
4.4
0.9
6.5
...
...
...
8.6
5.1
14.1
5.8
14.0
1.6
...
5.1
...
...
...
5.6
3.0
17.7
...
4.5
...
...
5.6
5.1
5.1
5.5
3.1
5.8
...
...
3.6
5.1
7.0
5.5
...
...
...
7.5
...
4.7
5.3
5.8
...

20012002
2002
2001

2002
2004
2005
20022003
2000
2002
2005

20002001
2000
1999
2003

2002
2005
2000
2000
2000
20052006

19981999
2004
1998
2000

2004
2002
1999
2003

Lowbirthweight
newbornsb

Adults aged 15 years


who are obesec

(%)
Both sexes
20002002

(%)
Male

Year

Female

7
7
12
5
...
10
11
16
12
13
13
21
4
15
10
4
7
14
17
6
7
11
8
9
13
12
22
12
21
14
9
4
30
9
7
15
6

13.7
...
...
9.8
...
...
12.7
...
12.6
...
...
...
13.7
...
9.8
21.2
...
...
...
...
13.6
...
26.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
17.1
12.4
0.3
1.1
5.6
...
14.0

16.3
2002n,o
...
...
9.1
2000n,o
...
...
18.3 19961998n
...
33.0 19981999n
...
...
1.6
2002m
14.9
2004n,o
0.3
2000m
26.4
2002n
23.5 20002001n
...
8.2
2000m
...
...
12.3 20022003n,o
8.1
2003m
18.2
2004n
...
12.2 19981999m
2.6
1999m
...
...
7.8
2000m
...
18.2 20032004n,o
12.3
2002o
0.6
1998n
3.6
2001
14.2
1999
...
12.0
2002n,o

8
6
9
8
10
8
11
5

19.8
9.3
...
2.9
...
...
...
...

25.4
8.7
...
3.3
26.3
12.7
6.3
...

19992001n
2003n,o
2001
2002m
1999m
2003m

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Access to
improved drinking
water sourcesd

Access to
improved
sanitationd

Population
using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

Urban
2004

100
100
82
100
76
100
97
97
99
94
45
74
100
81
43
100
100
95
95
96
100
88
...
97
99
78
79
83
52
95
100
100
95
87
99
97
100
100
100
98
100
99
97
83
77

100
100
29
100
59
90
91
89
97
70
42
57
99
11
51
100
100
47
77
67
100
64
...
93
92
35
49
83
56
81
98
100
83
69
84
50
...
100
...
88
100
91
73
46
53

99
58
42
100
88
86
81
94
86
77
60
32
97
44
87
100
...
37
72
96
100
27
...
96
90
31
57
86
57
87
100
100
59
73
...
95
...
100
...
91
100
94
87
46
59

Rural
2004
97
60
25
100
50
75
73
82
58
39
46
3
96
7
55
100
...
30
46
91
100
11
...
97
82
11
23
60
14
54
85
100
22
40
...
48
...
...
...
69
100
87
52
41
22

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adults
(15 years)h

Adolescents
(1315 years)g

Urban
2003

Rural
2003

Both
sexes

1
...
...
...
2
...
7
1
0
...
...
31
10
78
...
...
...
14
...
11
...
75
...
...
32
...
...
...
91
...
...
...
22
20
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
17
...

5
...
...
...
50
...
35
8
4
...
...
97
34
100
...
...
...
81
...
78
...
96
...
...
86
...
...
...
100
...
...
...
89
83
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
11
94
...

34.6
...
...
...
14.9
17.2
14.9
...
12.6
19.0
...
6.6
29.5
...
12.2
...
...
...
...
24.6
...
11.7
16.2
16.7
16.2
...
...
14.9
...
...
27.8
...
17.5
...
13.0
...
...
...
...
19.3
...
28.5
11.4
12.7
...

Year
2002

2003
2004
2004
2005
2003
2006
2003
2005

2003
2006
2005
2004
2002

2004

2003
2004
2003

2000
2003
2004
2001

Per capita
recorded
alcohol
consumptioni
(litres of pure
alcohol)
among adults
(15 years)

Male

Female

38.9
...
...
...
...
...
17.2
28.7
...
...
...
...
56.5
7.3
...
...
...
...
...
60.3
33.2
9.9
...
...
24.4
...
...
...
...
...
42.7
22.0
42.0
69.0
...
...
23.7
38.6
...
...
47.9
50.5
52.3
27.2
...

25.1
...
...
...
...
...
12.4
7.0
...
...
...
...
24.8
0.6
...
...
...
...
...
6.2
22.1
1.3
...
...
3.5
...
...
...
...
...
31.3
23.0
8.5
3.0
...
...
24.3
22.1
...
...
12.2
8.3
9.7
1.9
...

49

Prevalence of condom use


by young people
(1524 years)
at higher risk sexj (%)

Year

2003

Male

2003n

12.99
3.26
1.86
11.71
1.79
7.50
6.66
2.36
0.21
3.72
3.38
0.59
9.00
0.86
1.72
9.31
11.43
8.01
2.59
1.47
11.99
1.57
9.01
6.67
1.46
0.20
2.19
3.84
8.30
2.92
13.60
6.99
0.29
0.09
0.00
0.21
13.69
2.47
8.02
1.74
7.59
0.31
2.96
1.51
0.45

...
...
...
...
...
...
52
...
...
...
...
...
...
30
...
...
...
48
...
...
...
52
...
...
...
42
...
...
30
...
...
...
59
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
47
...

2003n
2003n

2003n
2003n

2003n
2003
2003n

2003n

2003n
2005
2003n,p
2001

2005
2001n,q

2003l,n
2002l,n
2003n
2003n

Female
...
...
...
...
...
...
29
...
...
...
...
...
...
17
...
...
...
33
...
...
...
33
...
...
...
27
...
...
19
...
...
...
51
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
25
...

Year

2002

2000

2000

2003

2005

2000

2001

2003

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO
region

Children aged
<5 years
stunted for agea

Children aged
<5 years
underweight
for agea

(%)

(%)

Year

Both sexes
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135

Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines

EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR

6.7
32.6
48.2
...
5.8
53.0
45.3
...
...
...
52.8
52.5
20.0
31.9
42.7
...
...
39.5
...
15.5
...
...
23.5
13.0
23.1
47.0
40.6
29.5
...
57.1
...
...
25.2
54.2
43.0
...
...
15.9
41.5
...
21.5
43.9
...
31.3
33.8

19961997
1997
2000
1997
2000
19992000

20032004
20042005
1999
2001
2001

20002001
2006

2004
2000
20032004
2003
2003
2000
2001

2001
2000
2003

1998
2001
1997
2005
2000
2003

Year

Both sexes
1.9
8.2
36.4
...
4.3
15.0
22.8
...
...
...
36.8
18.4
16.2
25.7
30.1
...
...
30.4
...
3.4
...
...
4.8
2.3
9.9
21.2
29.6
20.3
...
43.0
...
...
7.8
43.6
27.2
...
...
13.1
31.3
...
6.3
18.1
...
5.2
20.7

50

19961997
1997
2000
2004
2000
19992000

20032004
20042005
1999
2001
2001

20002001
2006

2004
2000
20032004
2003
2003
2000
2001

2001
2000
2003

1998
2001
1997
2005
2000
2003

Children aged
<5 years
overweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes
9.2
9.2
2.7
...
...
21.0
4.6
...
...
...
6.2
10.2
5.9
3.9
3.1
...
...
3.8
...
7.6
...
...
6.1
...
13.3
6.3
2.4
3.3
...
0.7
...
...
7.1
1.6
6.2
...
...
1.7
4.8
...
6.2
...
...
11.8
2.4

19961997
1997
2000

2000
19992000

20032004
20042005
1999
2001
2001

20002001
2006

2004
20032004
2003
2003
2000
2001

2001
2000
2003

1998
2001
1997

2000
2003

Lowbirthweight
newbornsb

Adults aged 15 years


who are obesec

(%)
Both sexes
20002002
7
7
14
5
6
14
...
7
4
8
14
16
10
22
23
6
12
...
13
9
18
...
8
0
11
14
15
14
...
21
...
6
12
17
14
...
5
8
19
9
10
11
9
11
20

(%)
Male
27.6
...
0.7
11.9
14.3
...
...
...
14.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.0
...
...
7.5
18.6
...
...
7.2
...
8.2
...
...
...
55.7
...
10.2
21.9
...
...
...
...
6.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
11.5
3.0

Year

Female
29.9
8.6
1.6
19.5
18.8
16.1
...
...
16.9
...
1.0
2.1
...
...
3.7
21.3
...
16.7
19.8
28.1
...
...
12.5
...
21.7
3.9
...
...
60.5
1.0
11.9
23.2
18.0
1.6
5.8
...
5.8
...
...
...
...
...
...
19.9
6.2

19982000r
1997m
2000
2004o
1997n
2004

2004n,o
20032004
2000m

2001m
2002n,o
20002001m
1998n
2000n

2006
2000n
2003

2004n
2001
19982001
20022003
2001m
1998
2003m
1998n,o

2000n
1998n

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Access to
improved drinking
water sourcesd

Access to
improved
sanitationd

Population
using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

...
98
79
100
100
92
72
...
...
100
77
98

...
66
43
96
100
76
52
...
...
100
35
68

...
75
67
82
100
61
49
97
...
100
48
62

...
51
20
71
87
32
7
96
...
100
26
61

100
98
78
100
82
59
100
100
95
100
87
...
99
72
80
98
...
96
100
100
90
80
67
100
100
...
96
79
99
88
99
89
87

96
76
36
100
96
44
100
87
94
...
30
...
56
26
77
81
...
89
100
...
63
36
31
100
100
...
89
94
79
32
68
65
82

95
100
59
100
93
49
95
91
61
100
75
...
88
53
88
50
...
62
100
...
56
43
53
100
100
97
92
96
89
67
94
74
80

93
42
39
...
58
8
94
41
14
...
37
...
52
19
72
13
...
30
100
...
34
4
36
100
100
...
41
52
51
41
61
32
59

Urban
2003

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adults
(15 years)h

Adolescents
(1315 years)g
Rural
2003

Both
sexes

...
...
88
3
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
90

...
...
99
26
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
99

21.1
7.2
...
34.2
59.7
20.3
...
12.7
32.1
...
...
...

1
...
99
...
...
35
0
4
...
...
...
...
0
...
88
24
...
27
...
...
40
95
...
...
...
...
66
...
...
34
30
13
27

2
...
100
...
...
84
2
45
...
...
...
...
13
...
100
84
...
90
...
...
93
98
...
...
...
...
92
...
...
98
83
90
70

16.7
...
...
...
...
24.7
13.2
...
...
...
14.9
...
10.8
...
13.4
25.8
...
...
...
...
22.3
18.4
...
...
...
14.3
...
33.1
18.6
...
...
21.2
15.9

Year
2001
2004
2002
2005
2002
2003
2005

2004

2001
2003

2003
2001
2004
2004

2003
2001

2002
2005
2002

2003
2004

Per capita
recorded
alcohol
consumptioni
(litres of pure
alcohol)
among adults
(15 years)

Male

Female

...
45.0
66.1
64.3
...
...
...
...
...
36.0
...
25.3

...
1.6
15.4
24.1
...
...
...
...
...
26.0
...
5.8

53.2
27.3
24.7
...
...
29.6
42.7
35.9
...
...
...
...
32.1
...
48.7
28.3
...
42.0
...
25.1
...
...
...
...
...
...
33.7
...
...
...
41.4
...
57.6

2.6
2.2
3.0
...
...
4.7
2.8
15.0
...
...
...
...
0.2
...
13.7
12.4
...
21.1
...
24.8
...
...
0.0
...
...
...
6.2
...
...
...
13.2
...
12.3

51

Year

2005
2003n
2003n

2004
2003n
2003n
2001l,n
2003n

2003n
2003n
2003n

2003n
2003n
2003n
2003n
2001l

2003l,m

2003n

2003n
2003n

Prevalence of condom use


by young people
(1524 years)
at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

0.03
3.63
6.91
9.61
3.24
1.82
3.82
0.01
9.89
15.56
1.59

...
...
...
...
...
48
...
...
...
...
12

...
...
...
...
...
50
...
...
...
...
5

1.41
1.06
...
0.50
6.02
...
0.01
3.03
4.57
1.23
...
2.83
...
0.45
0.52
0.33
5.97
0.87
0.19
9.68
9.68
2.48
0.05
10.57
9.47
5.50
0.26
0.01
...
5.98
1.62
3.73
3.83
3.51

47
...
...
30
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33
...
69
...
...
...
...
...
...
46
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

35
...
...
14
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
29
...
48
...
...
...
...
17
...
24
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
25
...

Year

2004

2003
2004

2001

2003
2000

2001
2003

2004

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO
region

Children aged
<5 years
stunted for agea

Children aged
<5 years
underweight
for agea

(%)

(%)

Year

Both sexes
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

Both sexes

Poland
EUR
Portugal
EUR
Qatar
EMR
Republic of Korea
WPR
Republic of Moldova
EUR
Romania
EUR
Russian Federation
EUR
Rwanda
AFR
Saint Kitts and Nevis
AMR
Saint Lucia
AMR
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
AMR
Samoa
WPR
San Marino
EUR
Sao Tome and Principe
AFR
Saudi Arabia
EMR
Senegal
AFR
Serbia
EUR
Seychelles
AFR
Sierra Leone
AFR
Singapore
WPR
Slovakia
EUR
Slovenia
EUR
Solomon Islands
WPR
Somalia
EMR
South Africa
AFR
Spain
EUR
Sri Lanka
SEAR
Sudan
EMR
Suriname
AMR
Swaziland
AFR
Sweden
EUR
Switzerland
EUR
Syrian Arab Republic
EMR
Tajikistan
EUR
Thailand
SEAR
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia EUR

...
...
...
...
11.3
2005
12.8
2002
...
48.3
2000
...
...
...
8.7
1999
...
35.2
2000
...
20.1
2005
9.8
2000
...
38.4
2000
4.4
2000
...
...
...
29.0
2000
30.9
1999
...
18.4
2000
47.6
2000
14.5 19992000
36.6
2000
...
...
24.1
2000
42.0
2003
15.5
2006
1.2
2004

...
...
...
...
3.2
3.5
...
20.3
...
...
...
2.1
...
10.1
...
14.5
2.1
...
24.7
3.3
...
...
...
23.0
9.6
...
22.8
38.4
11.4
9.1
...
...
9.1
...
7.3
1.2

Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

55.7
2002
29.8
1998
...
5.3
2000
16.0
2000
19.1
1998
27.7
2000
...
44.8 20002001

40.6
23.2
...
4.4
4.4
7.0
10.0
...
19.0

SEAR
AFR
WPR
AMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
WPR
AFR

Year

52

2005
2002
2000

1999
2000
2005
2000
2000
2000

2000
1999
2000
2000
19992000
2000

2001
2006
2004
2002
1998
2000
2000
1998
2000
20002001

Children aged
<5 years
overweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes
...
...
...
...
9.1
8.3
...
7.2
...
...
...
6.8
...
9.2
...
2.4
...
...
4.7
2.6
...
...
...
...
9.3
...
1.0
5.2
2.9
14.9
...
...
...
...
10.4
7.9
5.7
2.6
...
4.9
7.3
4.0
...
...
4.9

2005
2002
2000

1999
2000
2005

2000
2000

1999
2000
2000
19992000
2000

2006
2004
2002
1998
2000
19961997
1998

20002001

Lowbirthweight
newbornsb

Adults aged 15 years


who are obesec

(%)
Both sexes
20002002

(%)
Male

Year

Female

6
8
10
4
5
9
6
9
9
8
10
4
...
...
11
18
0
...
...
8
7
6
13
...
15
6
22
31
13
9
4
6
6
15
9
5

15.7
...
...
1.7
...
9.1
...
...
...
...
...
44.9
...
...
26.4
...
...
15.0
...
5.3
...
16.5
...
...
9.3
13.0
...
...
...
...
10.4
7.9
...
...
...
...

19.9
...
...
3.0
...
19.1
...
...
...
...
...
66.3
...
...
44.0
...
...
35.2
...
6.7
...
13.8
...
...
30.1
13.5
...
...
...
...
9.5
7.5
...
...
...
10.7

10
15
...
23
7
16
6
5
12

...
...
...
...
6.4
12.9
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
22.7
29.9
10.3
...
...

2000n

1998n
1997

2002n

19952000n

2004n
1998n
2001n,o

1998
2003

20022003n,o
2002o

1999k,n

19961997n
1997n
2000m

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Access to
improved drinking
water sourcesd

Access to
improved
sanitationd

Population
using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

Urban
2004

100
...
100
97
97
91
100
92
99
98
...
90
...
89
97
92
...
100
75
100
100
...
94
32
99
100
98
78
98
87
100
100
98
92
98
...
77
80
100
92
99

...
...
100
71
88
16
88
69
99
98
93
87
...
73
...
60
...
75
46
...
99
...
65
27
73
100
74
64
73
54
100
100
87
48
100
...
56
36
100
88
82

...
...
100
...
86
89
93
56
96
89
...
100
...
32
100
79
...
...
53
100
100
...
98
48
79
100
98
50
99
59
100
100
99
70
98
...
66
71
98
100
96

98
93
94
87

93
54
92
56

96
77
93
54

Rural
2004

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adults
(15 years)h

Adolescents
(1315 years)g

Urban
2003

Rural
2003

Both
sexes

...
...
100
...
52
...
70
38
96
89
96
100
...
20
...
34
...
100
30
...
98
...
18
14
46
100
89
24
76
44
100
100
81
45
99
...
33
15
96
100
65

...
...
...
...
...
3
7
98
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24
...
...
...
...
2
...
...
...
7
1
27
...
...
23
...
...
...
33
...
...
...
...
...
...
3

...
...
...
...
...
42
21
100
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
80
...
...
...
...
7
...
...
...
40
5
77
...
...
82
...
...
...
90
...
...
...
...
...
...
8

19.5
...
16.6
10.2
16.0
18.3
27.3
...
16.6
13.4
21.9
...
...
...
...
16.6
...
28.9
...
9.1
27.3
23.6
...
...
23.6
...
8.0
14.0
10.5
11.5
...
...
20.0
5.1
15.7
9.0
...
16.1
...
14.3
15.2

72
50
84
41

...
0
...
85

...
1
...
99

8.4
...
...
...

Year
2003
2004
2005
2004
2004
2004
2002
2000
2000

2002
2002
2000
2003
2003

2002
2003
2005
2004
2001

2002
2004
2005
2003
2002
2000
2001
2003

Per capita
recorded
alcohol
consumptioni
(litres of pure
alcohol)
among adults
(15 years)

Male

Female

...
...
...
...
...
33.2
56.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
24.1
...
...
...
...
41.0
28.5
...
...
37.0
40.5
39.7
...
...
15.1
...
...
...
...
48.5
...
...
...
...
...
53.0

...
...
...
...
...
10.3
11.4
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.9
...
...
...
...
23.1
19.1
...
...
11.2
27.1
2.9
...
...
3.2
...
...
...
...
2.9
...
...
...
...
...
2.2

50.7
...
...
25.2

18.6
...
...
3.3

53

Year

2003
2003n,p

2003n

2003n
2003n

2003n
2003n
2003n

2003n

2001l

2003n
2003n

2001m

Prevalence of condom use


by young people
(1524 years)
at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

8.09
11.54
4.40
7.87
13.18
9.74
10.32
6.93
6.73
11.48
7.00
...
...
6.95
0.00
0.46
...
3.36
6.39
2.17
10.35
6.74
0.97
0.00
6.72
11.68
0.28
0.30
...
4.60
5.96
10.83
0.49
0.39
5.59
5.69
...
1.24
0.75
4.17

...
...
...
...
63
...
...
41
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
54
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
44
...
...
28
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
34
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

1.23
1.37
1.18
1.37
17.64

...
...
...
...
55

...
...
...
...
53

Year

2005

2004

2005

2004

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use alternative
rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO
region

Children aged
<5 years
stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
The former state union of Serbia
and Montenegros

Children aged
<5 years
underweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes

EUR
EMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
AMR
WPR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EUR

5.6
2002
...
...
44.4 20042005
3.3 19992002
13.9
2004
26.2
2002
...
16.7
2000
43.4
2000
59.8
2003
52.5 20012002
33.7
1999
...

4.1
...
...
16.7
1.1
6.0
6.2
...
4.8
26.7
42.7
23.3
11.5
...

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

43.2
14.2
41.6
...
24.9
14.5
30.0

23.1
4.9
33.3
...
15.1
6.2
17.8

2000

20042005
19992002
2004
2002
2000
2000
2003
20012002
1999

Children aged
<5 years
overweight
for agea
(%)

Year

Both sexes
26.5
...
...
4.9
7.0
9.4
...
...
5.7
2.5
3.7
5.9
10.6
...

2000

20042005
19992002
2004

2000
2000
1997
20012002
1999

Lowbirthweight
newbornsb

Adults aged 15 years


who are obesec

(%)
Both sexes
20002002

(%)
Male

Year

Female

5
15
8
13
8
8
7
6
7
9
32
12
11
4

...
25.6
...
...
31.1
17.0
5.4
12.2
...
...
...
...
...
14.4

...
39.9
...
4.4
33.2
18.0
7.1
19.6
...
...
...
3.0
7.5
20.0

14
9
26
8
17
8
16

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

19992000n
20042005
20032004n
1998n
2002m
1998n

20012002m
1999m
2000n

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005

2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR,
Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
a

Global database on child growth and malnutrition [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/
database/en).
b
United Nations Childrens Fund, World Health Organization. Low birthweight: country, regional and global estimates. New York, UNICEF, 2004 (http://
www.who.int/reproductive-health/publications/low_birthweight/low_birthweight_estimates.pdf).
c
Comparisons between countries may be limited owing to differences in sample characteristics or survey years. Source: Global database on body mass
index (BMI) [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006 (http//www.who.int/bmi).
d
World Health Organization, United Nations Childrens Fund. Joint monitoring programme for water supply and sanitation [online database]. Geneva,
WHO, UNICEF, 2006 (http://www.wssinfo.org/en/wecome.html).
e
Estimates were made by WHOs Department of Public Health and Environment based on Rehfuess E, Mehta S, Prss-stn. Assessing household
solid fuel use: multiple implications for the Millennium Development Goals. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2006, 114:373-378 (http://www.who.
int/indoorair/mdg/en).
f
For adolescents, data relate to daily or occasional tobacco use (smoking, or using oral tobacco or snuff); for adults they relate to daily or occasional
tobacco smoking. Comparisons between countries may be limited owing to differences in denitions, sample characteristics or survey years.
g
WHO global InfoBase online tool. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/ncd_surveillance/infobase/en).

54

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Access to
improved drinking
water sourcesd

Access to
improved
sanitationd

Population
using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban
2004

Rural
2004

Urban
2004

99
100
100
85
100
100
95
86
85
99
71
90
98
99

91
100
100
49
100
100
75
52
70
80
65
40
72
86

98
98
...
53
100
100
78
78
71
92
86
59
63
97

82
98
92
99
94
94
95

42
82
81
86
77
69
73

57
91
64
96
88
76
80

Rural
2004
93
95
...
43
100
99
61
42
48
50
28
52
47
77

30
66
31
77
43
34
39

Urban
2003
5
1
...
...
...
0
...
...
...
43
3
68
26
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adults
(15 years)h

Adolescents
(1315 years)g
Rural
2003

Both
sexes

10
0
...
...
...
7
...
...
...
78
53
99
94
...

26.0
18.5
...
...
23.1
...
...
...
...
...
17.7
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year
2005
2002

2000

2003

Per capita
recorded
alcohol
consumptioni
(litres of pure
alcohol)
among adults
(15 years)

Male

Female

66.8
32.4
...
...
24.1
38.5
24.1
...
...
51.1
...
23.3
26.2
...

19.9
3.1
...
...
19.2
28.2
0.9
...
...
2.5
...
5.7
3.1
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year
2005n
2003n

2003n
2003n
2002l,m

2003n
2003n
2003n

Prevalence of condom use


by young people
(1524 years)
at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

6.09
0.02
11.75
5.45
8.61
7.74
1.51
0.75
6.67
0.85
0.04
2.40
4.41
...

...
...
...
46
...
...
50
...
...
68
...
42
...
...

...
...
...
34
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
33
...
...

4.47
6.66
0.52
8.84
0.19
5.19
4.41

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

2004

2002

2005
2001

Sources: WHO global InfoBase online tool. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (also available at http://www.who.int/ncd_surveillance/infobase/en);
Ustun TB et al. The World Health Surveys. In: Murray CJL, Evans D, eds. Health systems performance assessment: debates, methods and empricism.
Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003:797-808; World Health Survey, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/healthinfo/
survey/en).
i
Global alcohol database [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization (http://www.who.int/globalatlas/LoginManagement/autologins/gad_login.
asp).
j
2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, 2006. See Annex 2: HIV
and AIDS estimates and data, 2005 and 2003.
k
Upper age limit = 45 years.
l
Cigarettes are the only smoked tobacco product under consideration.
m
Upper age limit = 50 years.
n
Lower age limit > 15 years.
o
Self-reported data.
p
Sample is not necessarily nationally representative.
q
Upper age limit = 65 years.
r
Lower age limit < 15 years.
s
See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.

55

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

56

2002
2003

2003
2001
2003
2003
2004
2004
2003
2001
2004
2004
2001
2003

2000
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004

2004
2004
2001
2004
2004
2001
2000
2004
2003

2003
2003
2002
2004

2000
2004

Year

...
...
0.24
0.15
...
...
...
0.47
0.60
0.21
1.17
...
0.76
0.18
...
0.52
0.64
...
0.12
0.08
0.01
0.30
...
...
1.21
0.44
0.17
0.00
0.23
0.00
...
...
0.18
0.04
...
0.03
...
0.14
0.12
0.17
0.01
0.14
0.33
...
...
0.47
0.27
...
0.22
0.16
...
...
0.08
0.02
...

Density
per 1 000
population

...
...
7 572
10
...
...
...
1 433
11 649
1 671
9 803
...
560
26 460
...
5 182
6 603
...
824
185
96
1 229
...
...
404
3 456
2 289
11
3 040
45
...
...
705
353
...
42 000
...
107
458
3
22
2 407
1 476
...
...
4 772
6 084
...
1 200
111
...
...
1 037
1 777
...

Year

2001
2003
2002
2003
2004
1999
1998
2003
2001
2003
2003
1998
2004
2004
1999
2003
2003
2000
2004
2004
2001
2003
2004
2000
2000
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004
2003
2001
2002
2004
2004
2001
2000
2004
2003
2002
2002
2003
2003
2004
2002
2004
1997
2000
2000
2004
2002

Density
per 1 000
population

0.22
3.62
1.99
3.11
1.31
3.28
0.80
4.35
9.10
9.38
7.11
4.47
4.04
0.14
3.70
11.63
5.83
1.26
0.72
0.14
2.19
4.13
2.65
3.84
2.67
3.75
0.32
0.19
0.61
1.60
9.95
0.87
0.23
0.24
0.63
1.05
0.55
0.61
0.84
2.72
0.92
0.46
5.05
7.44
3.76
9.71
3.85
0.53
10.36
0.26
4.17
1.84
1.57
1.98
0.80

Dentists

Number

2001
4 752
2002
11 473
2002
62 177
2003
205
2004
18 485
1999
233
1998
29 000
2003
13 320
2001 176 188
2003
76 161
2003
59 531
1998
1 323
2004
2 989
2004
20 334
1999
988
2003 115 116
2002
60 142
2000
303
2004
4 965
2004
330
2001
18 535
2003
17 170
2004
4 753
2000 659 111
2000
892
2003
29 650
2004
4 268
2004
1 337
2000
8 085
2004
25 997
2003 309 576
2004
410
2004
908
2004
2 146
2003
10 000
2001 1 358 000
2002
23 940
2004
481
2004
3 214
2001
49
2000
3 631
2004
7 773
2003
22 372
2002
83 880
2002
2 994
2003
99 351
2003
87 330
2004
28 789
2002
55 425
2004
185
1997
317
2000
15 352
2000
19 549
2003 144 984
2002
5 103

Number

Number

0.19
1.31
1.13
3.70
0.08
0.17
3.01
3.59
2.47
3.38
3.55
1.05
1.09
0.26
1.21
4.55
4.49
1.05
0.04
0.05
1.22
1.34
0.40
1.15
1.01
3.56
0.05
0.03
0.16
0.19
2.14
0.49
0.08
0.04
1.09
1.06
1.35
0.15
0.20
0.78
1.32
0.12
2.44
5.91
2.34
3.51
3.29
0.11
2.93
0.18
0.50
1.88
1.48
0.54
1.24

Year

4 104
4 100
35 368
244
1 165
12
108 800
10 983
47 875
27 413
29 687
312
803
38 485
322
45 027
46 268
251
311
118
10 329
5 576
715
198 153
336
28 128
708
200
2 047
3 124
66 583
231
331
345
17 250
1 364 000
58 761
115
756
14
5 204
2 081
10 820
66 567
1 864
35 960
74 597
5 827
15 653
129
38
15 670
18 335
38 485
7 938

Midwives

Year

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR

Nurses

Density
per 1 000
population

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador

Physicians

Density
per 1 000
population

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

Human resources for healtha

WHO
region

Number

Member State

630
1 390
9 553
44
222
13
28 900
802
21 296
4 037
2 272
21
342
2 537
63
4 315
8 322
32
12
58
5 997
690
38
190 448
48
6 475
58
14
209
147
18 265
11
13
15
6 750
136 520
33 951
29
12
10
1 905
339
3 085
9 841
650
6 737
8 315
159
4 437
10
4
7 000
2 062
9 917
3 465

0.03
0.45
0.31
0.67
0.02
0.19
0.80
0.26
1.10
0.50
0.27
0.07
0.46
0.02
0.24
0.44
0.81
0.13
0.00
0.02
0.71
0.17
0.02
1.11
0.14
0.82
0.00
0.00
0.02
0.01
0.59
0.02
0.00
0.00
0.43
0.11
0.78
0.04
0.00
0.56
0.48
0.02
0.70
0.87
0.82
0.66
0.37
0.00
0.83
0.01
0.05
0.84
0.17
0.14
0.54

2001
1998
2002
2003
2004
1997
1998
2003
2001
2003
2003
1998
2004
2004
1999
2003
2002
2000
2004
2004
2001
2003
2004
2000
2000
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004
2003
2001
2002
2004
2004
2001
2000
2004
2003
2002
2002
2003
2003
2004
2002
2004
1997
2000
2000
2004
2002

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Human resources for healtha

1998
2003
2001
2003
2003
2004
2004
2003
2002
2004
2004
2001
2003
2004
2000
2000
2001
2004
2004
2000
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004
2001
2000
2004
2003
2002
2003
2003
2004
2002
2004
2000
2004

2002

2004
2004

2004
2004

2004
2000

2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

2004
2004
2000
2004

2003

2004

...
...
1 062
...
...
...
...
...
3 812
...
...
...
46 202
...
...
...
...
88
464
1 579
...
...
...
...
...
1 406
657
...
...
...
65
211
268
...
109 000
...
41
124
...
5 071
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
23
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
0.03
...
...
...
...
...
0.20
...
...
...
0.00
0.31
...
...
...
...
0.01
0.20
0.19
...
...
...
...
...
0.10
0.09
...
...
...
0.14
0.05
0.03
...
0.08
...
0.05
0.03
...
1.29
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.03
...
...
...
...
...

2002

2001

2004
2004

2004
2004
2001

2004
2004

2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004
2000

2004

...
...
8 838
...
2 029
...
...
...
8 326
...
...
...
479
3 794
...
...
...
...
477
136
...
...
277
89 677
...
...
418
147
...
1 793
...
78
48
317
...
203 000
...
63
554
...
...
1 165
...
...
...
...
950
512
...
84
...
...
...
20 011
...
57

...
...
0.28
...
0.14
...
...
...
0.43
...
...
...
0.65
0.03
...
...
...
...
0.07
0.06
...
...
0.15
0.52
...
...
0.03
0.02
...
0.11
...
0.16
0.01
0.04
...
0.16
...
0.08
0.15
...
...
0.07
...
...
...
...
0.04
0.01
...
0.12
...
...
...
0.27
...

2002
2004

2001

2004
2004

2004
2004

2004
2000

2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004

2004

2003
2004
2004

2004

...
...
5 654
...
294
...
...
...
38 339
...
...
...
1 278
5 847
...
...
...
...
130
143
3 399
...
829
191 518
...
...
1 755
1 186
...
16
...
42
461
153
...
1 061 000
...
10
957
...
7 379
172
...
...
...
...
67 957
1 042
...
159
...
...
...
3 694
...

...
...
0.18
...
0.02
...
...
...
1.98
...
...
...
1.73
0.04
...
...
...
...
0.02
0.06
0.40
...
0.46
1.11
...
...
0.13
0.17
...
0.00
...
0.09
0.12
0.02
...
0.82
...
0.01
0.25
...
1.88
0.01
...
...
...
...
3.00
0.02
...
0.22
...
...
...
0.05
...

2002
2004

2001

2004
2004

2004
2004
2001
2004
2000

2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004
2000
2004

2003
2004
2004

2004

...
...
60 316
...
256
...
...
...
488 313
...
...
...
1 697
...
...
...
...
...
3 279
1 197
8 069
...
...
839 376
...
...
210
2 087
...
5 902
...
74
167
1 502
...
1 077 000
...
271
987
...
18 406
2 107
...
...
...
...
...
15 013
...
232
...
...
...
5 167
...

...
...
1.93
...
0.02
...
...
...
25.23
...
...
...
2.30
...
...
...
...
...
0.47
0.51
0.95
...
...
4.89
...
...
0.02
0.30
...
0.36
...
0.16
0.04
0.17
...
0.83
...
0.34
0.26
...
4.68
0.12
...
...
...
...
...
0.28
...
0.33
...
...
...
0.07
...

Year

Health management
and
support workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Other
health
workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Year

...
...
0.08
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.40
0.04
...
...
...
...
0.03
0.03
...
...
0.10
0.97
...
...
0.00
...
...
0.00
...
0.02
0.01
0.03
...
...
...
0.02
0.00
...
0.32
0.01
...
...
...
...
0.12
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.13
...

Laboratory health
workers

Density
per 1 000
population

2002
2003
2004

...
...
2 534
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
294
5 743
...
...
...
...
178
71
...
...
172
167 080
...
...
46
...
...
28
...
9
55
230
...
...
...
17
9
...
1 266
155
...
...
...
...
2 685
...
...
...
...
...
...
9 531
...

Community
health
workers

Number

2001

Density
per 1 000
population

0.02
...
0.20
1.03
0.07
...
0.42
0.04
0.72
0.60
0.22
...
0.62
0.06
...
0.29
1.14
...
0.00
0.03
0.55
0.09
0.19
0.30
0.27
0.13
0.03
0.01
0.04
0.04
0.67
0.09
0.00
0.00
...
0.28
...
0.05
0.03
0.11
0.53
0.06
0.53
...
0.18
0.55
0.60
0.02
0.49
0.03
...
0.40
...
0.10
...

Number

Density
per 1 000
population

525
...
6 333
68
919
...
15 300
126
13 956
4 869
1 842
...
460
9 411
...
2 901
11 775
...
11
79
4 670
363
333
51 317
90
1 020
343
76
564
700
20 765
43
17
37
...
359 000
...
41
99
2
2 101
1 015
2 348
...
144
5 610
13 497
1 200
2 638
18
...
3 330
...
7 119
...

Public and
environmental
health workers
Year

Number

Pharmacists

2002
2004

2001

2004

2004
2004
2001

2000

2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004
2000
2004

2004
2004

2004

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Human resources for healtha

AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR

153
215
6 118
1 936
271
16 446
203 487
395
156
20 962
277 885
3 240
47 944
41
9 965
987
188
366
1 949
3 676
32 877
1 056
645 825
29 499
60 791
17 022
11 141
24 577
241 000
2 253
251 889
11 398
54 613
4 506
24
3 589
12 902
...
6 940
11 505
89
103
6 371
13 682
1 206
5 201
266
16 146
302
1 053
1 254
24
313
1 303
195 897

0.30
0.05
4.48
0.03
0.34
3.16
3.37
0.29
0.11
4.09
3.37
0.15
4.38
0.50
0.90
0.11
0.12
0.48
0.25
0.57
3.33
3.62
0.60
0.13
0.87
0.66
2.79
3.82
4.20
0.85
1.98
2.03
3.54
0.14
0.30
1.53
2.51
...
3.01
3.25
0.05
0.03
1.29
3.97
2.66
0.29
0.02
0.70
0.92
0.08
3.18
0.47
0.11
1.06
1.98

2003
2001
2003
2004
1997
2003
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004
2004
2003
2000
2004
2004
2000

58

2004
2004
2000
2003
1999
2002
2004
2004
2003
2003
2003
2004
2000
1997
1999
2004
2004
2000
1998
2000
2003
2003
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004
2003
2003
2003
2002
2004
2003
2002
1998
2001
2003
2003
2001
2003
2004
1997
2003
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004
2004
2003
2000
2004
2004
2000

53
140
469
1 274
...
3 952
15 684
503
263
1 495
8 559
3 910
1 916
...
...
347
160
...
...
195
2 032
200
506 924
54 338
13 087
1 701
16 486
1 202
...
...
24 511
1 669
8 018
...
...
...
2 663
...
482
...
...
446
...
1 132
114
2 076
...
7 711
...
2 352
125
...
235
166
...

0.10
0.03
0.34
0.02
...
0.76
0.26
0.37
0.18
0.29
0.10
0.18
0.18
...
...
0.04
0.10
...
...
0.03
0.21
0.69
0.47
0.25
0.19
0.07
4.27
0.19
...
...
0.19
0.30
0.52
...
...
...
0.52
...
0.21
...
...
0.13
...
0.33
0.25
0.12
...
0.34
...
0.18
0.32
...
0.08
0.13
...

2004
2004
2000
2003
2002
2003
2004
2003
2003
2002
2004
2001

2004
2004

2000
2003
2003
2004
2003
2004
2004
2001
2003

2000
2004
2003

2003
2003

2004
2003
2003
2004
2000
2004
2003
2004
2004

15
16
1 747
93
32
6 674
40 904
66
43
1 438
64 609
393
12 394
7
2 046
60
22
30
94
1 371
5 364
283
61 424
7 093
13 135
11 489
2 237
7 510
33 000
212
90 510
7 270
5 215
1 340
4
673
992
...
1 287
4 283
16
13
693
2 372
323
410
...
2 144
14
84
167
4
64
233
78 281

0.03
0.00
1.28
0.00
0.04
1.28
0.68
0.05
0.03
0.28
0.78
0.02
1.13
0.09
0.18
0.01
0.01
0.04
0.01
0.21
0.54
1.00
0.06
0.03
0.19
0.44
0.56
1.17
0.58
0.08
0.71
1.29
0.34
0.04
0.05
0.29
0.19
...
0.56
1.21
0.01
0.00
0.14
0.69
0.71
0.02
...
0.09
0.04
0.01
0.42
0.08
0.02
0.19
0.79

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Dentists

Year

0.43
0.55
8.50
0.20
1.96
14.33
7.24
4.64
1.13
3.47
9.72
0.74
3.86
3.70
4.05
0.47
0.59
2.29
0.11
1.29
8.85
13.63
0.80
0.57
1.19
1.25
15.20
6.26
5.44
1.65
7.79
2.94
6.01
1.18
2.36
3.91
6.14
...
5.27
1.18
0.62
0.17
3.60
7.62
9.16
0.20
0.59
1.35
2.70
0.45
5.83
2.98
0.56
3.60
0.90

Density
per 1 000
population

218
2 365
11 618
14 270
1 576
74 450
437 525
6 275
1 618
17 807
801 677
15 797
42 129
303
44 986
4 061
912
1 738
834
8 333
87 381
3 954
865 135
125 621
83 175
32 304
60 774
40 280
312 377
4 374
993 628
16 527
92 773
37 113
191
9 197
31 557
...
12 150
4 157
1 123
589
17 779
26 229
4 151
3 585
7 264
31 129
886
5 986
2 298
152
1 658
4 438
88 678

Midwives

Number

Year
2004
2004
2000
2003
1999
2002
2004
2004
2003
2003
2003
2004
2001
1997
1999
2004
2004
2000
1998
2000
2003
2004
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004
2003
2004
2003
2002
2004
2003
2002
1998
2001
2003

Density
per 1 000
population

Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico

Nurses

Number

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Density
per 1 000
population

Physicians

Year

WHO
region

Number

Member State

2004
2004
2000
2003
1999
2002
2004
2004
2003
2003
2003
2004
2001
1997
1999
2004
2004
2000
1998
2000
2003
2000
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004
2003
2004
2003
2002
2004
2003
2002
1998
2001
2003
2003
2001
2003
2004
1997
2003
2003
2004
2000
2004
2004
2003
2000
2004
2004
2000

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Human resources for healtha

2004
2004
2000
2003
1999
2002
2003
2004
2003
2003
2003
2004
2000

2004
2004

2000
2003
2002
2003
2003
2004
2004
2004
2003
2003
2002
2004
2003
2004
1998
2001
2003

2001
2003
2004
1997
2003
2003
2004
2000
2004
2004
2003
2000
2004
2004
2000

2004
2004
2000
2003

2004
2003

2004
2004

2000

2003
2004
2004

2004
2004

2003
2004

2004
2004

2004

2004

1 275
...
5 242
18 652
...
...
...
...
968
...
...
...
...
...
...
93
4 486
...
...
...
...
...
50 393
25 242
1 968
...
...
...
...
...
1 000
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
142
...
...
...
385
...
...
919
68
...
...
429
236
...

2.51
...
3.83
0.26
...
...
...
...
0.68
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.01
2.92
...
...
...
...
...
0.05
0.00
0.36
0.08
...
...
...
...
...
0.18
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.04
...
...
...
0.02
...
...
2.80
0.01
...
...
0.14
0.19
...

2004
2000
2003

2003

2004
2004

2004
2003
2004
2004

2004

2004

2004

2004
2004

2004
2004

84
248
...
2 703
...
10 119
...
276
99
...
...
899
...
...
...
268
230
...
...
...
...
...
...
8 882
20 049
12 184
...
...
...
...
...
5 630
...
7 000
...
...
...
...
...
...
146
218
...
...
...
172
46
...
168
264
...
...
106
324
45 482
59

0.17
0.06
...
0.04
...
1.95
...
0.20
0.07
...
...
0.04
...
...
...
0.03
0.15
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.04
0.29
0.47
...
...
...
...
...
1.00
...
0.22
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.08
0.06
...
...
...
0.01
0.00
...
0.51
0.02
...
...
0.04
0.26
0.46

2004
2004
2003
2002
2004
2003

2004

2004
2004

2003
2004
2004

2004
2004

2003
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

2004
2004
2000

...
56
597
7 354
...
19 202
...
197
3
...
...
7 132
...
...
...
430
61
...
...
2 936
...
...
1 101 485
20 981
84 207
20 340
...
...
...
...
...
6 569
...
5 610
...
...
...
...
...
...
35
540
...
...
...
530
707
...
14
377
...
...
48
145
236 861

...
0.01
0.44
0.10
...
3.69
...
0.15
0.00
...
...
0.33
...
...
...
0.05
0.04
...
...
0.45
...
...
1.03
0.10
1.21
0.79
...
...
...
...
...
1.17
...
0.17
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.02
0.15
...
...
...
0.03
0.06
...
0.04
0.03
...
...
0.02
0.12
2.39

2004
2000
2003
2002
2004
2003

2004

2004
2004

2000

2003
2003
2004
2004

2004
2004

2003
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

2004
2004
2000

74
765
10 859
...
...
...
...
144
391
...
...
19 151
...
...
...
511
38
...
...
...
...
...
...
228 095
72 905
34 273
...
...
...
...
...
17 668
...
1 797
...
...
...
...
...
...
6
518
...
...
...
6 036
...
...
...
652
...
...
1 056
2 027
412 319

0.15
0.18
7.94
...
...
...
...
0.11
0.27
...
...
0.90
...
...
...
0.06
0.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
1.04
1.04
1.33
...
...
...
...
...
3.15
...
0.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.00
0.15
...
...
...
0.34
...
...
...
0.05
...
...
0.35
1.64
4.17

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Health management
and
support workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Other
health
workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Laboratory health
workers

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

0.04
0.02
0.08
0.02
...
...
...
0.11
0.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.02
0.01
...
...
0.03
...
...
...
0.03
0.14
0.10
...
...
...
...
...
0.25
...
0.20
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.03
0.04
...
...
...
0.01
0.00
...
...
0.02
...
...
...
0.19
...

Number

18
88
115
1 347
...
...
...
150
33
...
...
...
...
...
...
135
13
...
...
215
...
...
...
6 493
10 004
2 601
...
...
...
...
...
1 412
...
6 496
...
...
...
...
...
...
55
150
...
...
...
130
26
...
...
231
...
...
...
238
...

Community
health
workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

0.24
0.02
0.42
0.02
0.07
1.12
1.06
0.05
0.03
0.07
0.58
0.06
0.82
...
...
0.06
0.03
...
...
0.14
0.52
1.30
0.56
0.03
0.20
0.53
0.97
0.70
1.15
...
1.21
3.14
0.67
0.10
0.05
0.31
0.03
...
...
0.95
0.03
0.01
0.25
0.69
0.82
0.01
...
0.10
0.73
0.03
2.03
0.04
0.03
1.16
0.03

Number

Density
per 1 000
population

121
107
580
1 343
59
5 829
63 909
63
48
352
47 956
1 388
8 977
...
...
530
40
...
...
926
5 125
374
592 577
7 580
14 140
13 775
3 898
4 480
66 119
...
154 428
17 654
10 390
3 094
4
722
158
...
...
3 359
62
35
1 225
2 390
371
175
...
2 333
241
351
800
2
81
1 428
3 189

Public and
environmental
health workers
Year

Number

Pharmacists

2004
2004
2000

2004
2003

2004

2004
2004

2003
2004
2004

2004
2004

2003
2004

2004

2004

2004
2004
2000

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

2000
2002
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2003
2001
2003
2004
2003
2003
2004
2004
1998
2000
2000
2002
1999
2000
2003
2003
2001
2003
2003
2003
2003
2004
1997
1999
1997
1999
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2003
2002
1999
1997
2004
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004

410
...
8 214
...
22 250
3 947
9 899
6 145
...
5 664
221 783
31 128
5 862
2 421
127 580
...
67 274
10 273
48 446
26
8 158
2 841
9 727
17 108
127 595
188 898
43 860
2 917
83 333
25 848
86 802
1 153 683
3 570
216
331
276
346
...
256
74 114
2 606
...
634
1 211
17 398
36 569
14 327
338
1 486
184 459
315 200
23 030
17 656
688
4 590
60

3.83
...
3.21
...
0.72
0.21
0.20
3.06
...
0.22
13.73
8.16
1.07
0.20
1.03
...
14.84
3.50
0.31
1.44
2.77
0.53
1.69
0.67
1.69
4.90
4.36
4.94
1.75
6.06
3.89
8.05
0.42
5.02
2.28
2.38
2.02
...
1.55
2.97
0.25
...
7.93
0.23
4.24
6.77
7.21
0.80
0.19
4.08
7.68
1.20
0.51
1.62
4.24

2000
2002
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2003
2001
2003
2004
2003
2003
2004
2004
1998
2000
2000
2002
1999
2000
2003
2003
2001
2003
2003
2003
2003
2004
1997
1999
1997
1999
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2003
2002
1999
1997
2004
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004

2000
2002
2004
2004
2004

2004
2003
2001
2004
2003
2003
2004
2004
1998

2002
2000
2002
2000
2000
2003
2003
2003
2004

1999
2004
2004

2004
2003
2001
1999

2001
2004
2004
2004

14
...
337
...
3 091
159
1 396
113
...
359
7 759
2 586
243
15
2 482
...
3 733
544
7 862
2
2 231
90
3 182
2 809
8 564
11 451
5 510
220
16 033
1 403
4 919
45 972
21
8
9
6
30
...
11
4 235
97
...
94
5
1 087
2 364
1 199
26
15
5 995
20 005
1 245
1 082
4
32

0.13
...
0.13
...
0.10
0.01
0.03
0.06
...
0.01
0.48
0.68
0.04
0.00
0.02
...
0.82
0.19
0.05
0.11
0.76
0.02
0.55
0.11
0.11
0.30
0.55
0.37
0.34
0.33
0.22
0.32
0.00
0.19
0.06
0.05
0.18
...
0.07
0.17
0.01
...
1.18
0.00
0.26
0.44
0.60
0.06
0.00
0.13
0.49
0.06
0.03
0.01
0.03

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

0.07
...
0.24
...
0.07
0.12
0.79
...
...
0.24
0.12
0.56
...
0.03
0.67
...
0.49
0.01
0.15
0.06
...
...
0.09
...
0.45
0.57
0.08
...
0.19
0.23
0.25
0.47
0.01
...
...
...
0.02
...
0.32
...
0.07
...
...
0.25
...
0.27
0.33
0.05
...
...
0.15
0.54
0.40
...
2.07

Number

7
...
612
...
2 078
2 236
39 442
...
...
6 161
1 940
2 121
...
397
82 726
...
2 243
16
23 318
1
...
...
534
...
33 963
21 997
824
...
8 728
991
5 571
67 403
77
...
...
...
3
...
52
...
681
...
...
1 299
...
1 456
654
23
...
...
6 291
10 401
13 840
...
2 238

Dentists

Year

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

0.60
...
2.63
...
0.51
0.03
0.36
0.30
...
0.21
3.15
2.37
0.37
0.02
0.28
...
3.13
1.32
0.74
1.11
1.50
0.05
1.11
1.17
0.58
2.47
3.42
2.22
1.57
2.64
1.90
4.25
0.05
1.19
5.17
0.87
0.70
...
0.49
1.37
0.06
...
1.51
0.03
1.40
3.18
2.25
0.13
0.04
0.77
3.30
0.55
0.22
0.45
0.16

Year

64
...
6 732
...
15 991
514
17 791
598
...
5 384
50 854
9 027
2 045
296
34 923
...
14 200
3 871
116 298
20
4 431
275
6 355
29 799
44 287
95 272
34 440
1 310
75 045
11 246
42 538
609 043
432
51
749
101
120
...
81
34 261
594
...
121
162
5 747
17 172
4 475
54
310
34 829
135 300
10 479
7 552
191
171

Midwives

Density
per 1 000
population

WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
EMR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
WPR
EMR
AFR
EUR
SEAR
EMR
AMR
AFR

Nurses

Number

Micronesia (Federated States of)


Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland

Physicians

Density
per 1 000
population

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165

Human resources for healtha

WHO
region

Number

Member State

2000
2002
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2003
2001
2003
2004
2003
2003
2004
2004
1998
2000
2000
2002
1999
2000
2003
2003
2001
2003
2003
2003
2003
2004
1997
1999
1997
1999
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2003
2002
1999
1997
2004
2003
2004
2004
2000
2004

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Human resources for healtha

2002
2000
2003
2003
2001
2000
2003
2003
2003
2004

1999
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2003
2002
1999
1997
2004
2003
2004
2004
2004

2004

2004

2004
2004
2000
2002

2000
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

...
...
...
...
1 470
941
2 241
481
...
3 209
...
3 696
...
294
690
...
...
1 049
9 744
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
39
...
...
...
...
...
51
...
66
...
59
...
...
...
...
...
...
2 002
...
1 252
3 115
...
77

2002

2004

2004
2001

2004

2004
2000
2002

2000
2004

2004

2004

2004

2004
2004
61

...
...
...
...
0.05
0.05
0.04
0.24
...
0.12
...
0.97
...
0.02
0.01
...
...
0.36
0.06
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.00
...
...
...
...
...
0.31
...
0.01
...
0.74
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.04
...
0.07
0.09
...
0.07

2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004

2004
2004

2004

2004
2004
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

...
...
3 389
...
1 123
1 659
2 077
597
...
1 892
...
17 013
...
485
1 220
...
...
1 256
19 082
...
870
...
2 235
...
90 788
...
...
...
...
...
...
670 768
490
...
...
...
...
...
291
39 073
704
...
35
4
...
...
...
...
...
40 492
...
1 546
8 667
...
616

...
...
1.32
...
0.04
0.09
0.04
0.30
...
0.07
...
4.46
...
0.04
0.01
...
...
0.43
0.12
...
0.29
...
0.39
...
1.20
...
...
...
...
...
...
4.61
0.06
...
...
...
...
...
1.76
1.57
0.07
...
0.44
0.00
...
...
...
...
...
0.90
...
0.08
0.25
...
0.57

2002
2004
2004
2004
2004
2004
2001
2004
2004

2004
2004
2000
2002
2000

2000
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004
2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

...
...
...
...
6 300
9 491
49 661
7 782
...
...
...
...
...
241
...
...
...
3 898
203 337
...
6 862
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
862
...
...
...
...
...
288
...
564
...
...
6
...
...
...
...
...
22 859
...
112
35 374
...
310

...
...
...
...
0.20
0.49
0.99
3.87
...
...
...
...
...
0.02
...
...
...
1.33
1.29
...
2.33
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.10
...
...
...
...
...
1.75
...
0.05
...
...
0.00
...
...
...
...
...
0.51
...
0.01
1.03
...
0.29

Year

Health management
and
support workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Year

...
...
1.47
...
...
...
0.99
...
...
0.63
...
8.12
...
...
0.91
...
...
...
0.42
...
0.46
...
1.15
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.99
1.48
...
...
...
...
...
2.27
...
...
...
...
0.11
...
...
...
...
...
0.32
...
...
0.17
...
4.34

Other
health
workers

Density
per 1 000
population

2003
2004
2004
1998
2000

2004
2004
2004
2004

...
...
3 758
...
...
...
49 531
...
...
16 206
...
30 987
...
...
115 761
...
...
...
65 999
...
1 359
...
6 598
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
435 093
12 557
...
...
...
...
...
374
...
...
...
...
558
...
...
...
...
...
14 306
...
...
5 797
...
4 700

Laboratory health
workers

Number

2004
2004

2002

Density
per 1 000
population

2004
2003
2001

...
...
0.03
...
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.12
...
0.01
...
...
...
0.02
...
...
...
0.06
0.00
...
0.32
...
0.02
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.50
0.01
...
...
...
...
...
0.12
...
0.07
...
0.96
0.03
...
...
...
...
...
0.06
...
0.08
0.08
...
0.10

Number

2004
2004
2004
2004

...
...
85
...
737
564
1 757
240
...
172
...
...
...
268
...
...
...
173
106
...
948
...
133
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
72 515
101
...
...
...
...
...
19
...
705
...
77
136
...
...
...
...
...
2 529
...
1 541
2 897
...
110

Community
health
workers
Year

Year
2002

Density
per 1 000
population

...
...
0.43
...
0.24
0.03
0.00
0.14
...
0.01
0.19
0.92
...
0.00
0.05
...
0.37
0.53
0.05
0.06
0.86
...
0.33
...
0.03
0.66
0.95
0.90
1.08
0.48
0.06
0.08
0.03
...
...
...
0.03
...
0.15
0.22
0.01
...
0.76
0.07
0.28
0.52
0.40
0.07
0.00
0.28
0.87
0.06
0.10
...
0.06

Public and
environmental
health workers
Number

...
...
1 093
...
7 366
618
127
288
...
358
3 134
3 495
...
20
6 344
...
1 675
1 551
8 102
1
2 526
...
1 868
...
2 482
25 397
9 543
530
50 623
2 061
1 275
11 404
278
...
...
...
5
...
24
5 485
85
...
61
340
1 141
2 783
790
28
8
12 521
35 800
1 066
3 558
...
70

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

Pharmacists

2004
2004
2004
2004

2004

2004
2004
2000

2004

2004
2004

2004

2004
2004
2004
2004

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

0.70
0.28
...
0.61
0.01
0.72
0.40
0.05
0.19
...
0.29
...
...
0.91
0.16
0.50
...
0.63
0.07
...
...
0.82
...
...
0.19
0.02
0.46
...
0.27

2002
2000
2003
2000
2001
2004
2004
2001
2004

2002
2004
2003
1997
2002

2003

2001
2004
2004
2002

7 270
3 598
12 206
945
10 459
1 125
45
19
33
107
2 452
17 200
876
2
363
19 354
954
58 729
267
463 663
3 936
3 606
...
13 680
...
850
491
310
3 792

0.82
0.50
0.72
0.15
0.17
0.55
0.05
0.00
0.32
0.08
0.25
0.24
0.18
0.18
0.01
0.40
0.33
1.01
0.01
1.63
1.16
0.14
...
0.55
...
0.04
0.04
0.02
0.36

23 964
880 636
92 945
450 624
81 953
279 779
1 809 901

0.03
1.05
0.06
0.52
0.16
0.17
0.29

Year

6 247
2 033
...
3 780
872
1 456
328
270
19
...
2 883
...
...
10
4 164
24 496
...
36 399
2 563
...
...
21 270
...
...
14 662
413
5 020
...
2 864

Density
per 1 000
population

2002
2000
2001
2003
2000
2001
2004
2004
2001
1997
2004
2003
2002
2002
2004
2003
2001
1997
2002
2000
2002
2003
1997
1997
2001
2004
2004
2004
2002

Number

Density
per 1 000
population

10.24
10.75
1.94
4.58
2.82
5.19
1.79
0.33
3.16
2.87
2.58
1.70
9.04
2.64
0.55
7.62
4.18
12.12
0.30
9.37
0.85
9.82
2.35
0.66
0.56
0.64
1.56
0.72
4.64

Dentists

Year

Number

0.21
1.94
0.52
3.20
0.74
1.10
1.23

2002
90 758
2002
77 120
2001
32 938
2003
28 586
2000 171 605
2001
10 553
2004
1 467
2004
1 667
2001
322
1997
3 653
2004
25 654
2003 121 000
2002
43 359
2002
29
2004
14 805
2003 369 755
2001
12 045
1997 704 332
2002
10 729
2000 2 669 603
2002
2 880
2003 256 183
1997
428
2001
15 020
2001
44 539
2004
13 333
2004
16 990
2004
9 357
2002
48 875

Midwives

Year

150 708
1 624 583
844 994
2 810 063
383 426
1 869 216
7 682 990

Number

3.28
3.61
1.40
2.03
0.37
2.19
0.10
0.04
0.34
0.79
1.34
1.35
4.18
0.55
0.08
2.95
2.02
2.30
0.02
2.56
3.65
2.74
0.11
1.94
0.53
0.33
0.12
0.16
2.06

Year

29 122
25 921
23 742
12 697
22 435
4 459
79
225
35
1 004
13 330
96 000
20 032
6
2 209
143 202
5 825
133 641
822
730 801
12 384
71 623
20
48 000
42 327
6 739
1 264
2 086
21 738

Nurses

Density
per 1 000
population

Sweden
EUR
Switzerland
EUR
Syrian Arab Republic
EMR
Tajikistan
EUR
Thailand
SEAR
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia EUR
Timor-Leste
SEAR
Togo
AFR
Tonga
WPR
Trinidad and Tobago
AMR
Tunisia
EMR
Turkey
EUR
Turkmenistan
EUR
Tuvalu
WPR
Uganda
AFR
Ukraine
EUR
United Arab Emirates
EMR
United Kingdom
EUR
United Republic of Tanzania
AFR
United States of America
AMR
Uruguay
AMR
Uzbekistan
EUR
Vanuatu
WPR
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
AMR
Viet Nam
WPR
Yemen
EMR
Zambia
AFR
Zimbabwe
AFR
The former state union of Serbia
EUR
and Montenegrob

Physicians

Density
per 1 000
population

166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Human resources for healtha

WHO
region

Number

Member State

2002
2003
2001
2003
2000
2001
2004
2004
2001
1997
2004
2003
2002
2002
2004
2003
2001
1997
2002
2000
2002
2003
2001
2004
2004
2004
2002

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

663 942
4 063 609
1 311 301
6 529 455
577 161
2 891 839
16 037 307

0.93
4.88
0.81
7.43
1.11
1.70
2.56

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR,
Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
a
a Global Atlas of the Health Workforce [online database]. World Health Organization. (http://who.int/globalatlas/autologin/hrh_login.asp, accessed
1 March 2007).
b
See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.

62

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Human resources for healtha

2003

2001
2004
2004
2004
2002

2004
2004

2004

2004

1997
2002

2004
2004
2004

1997

2004
2004

...
...
...
...
...
...
0.04
0.11
...
...
0.40
...
...
...
0.06
...
...
0.34
0.04
2.28
...
...
...
...
...
0.23
0.13
0.07
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

63

2004
2004

2004

2004

1997
2002
2000

2004
2004
2004

...
...
...
...
14 117
...
18
606
...
...
10 799
...
7 846
...
4 128
...
...
161 490
29 722
4 138 567
...
...
...
...
...
4 580
3 330
743
...

...
...
...
...
0.23
...
0.02
0.12
...
...
1.09
...
1.64
...
0.15
...
...
2.78
0.82
14.52
...
...
...
...
...
0.22
0.30
0.06
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2000
2004
2004

2004
2002
2004

1997
2002
2000

2004
2004
2004

...
...
...
...
117 384
...
184
1 335
...
...
15 955
...
...
...
6 344
...
...
741 664
689
7 056 080
...
...
...
...
...
10 902
10 853
...
...

...
...
...
...
1.93
...
0.22
0.27
...
...
1.61
...
...
...
0.24
...
...
12.77
0.02
24.76
...
...
...
...
...
0.53
0.99
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

Number

Density
per 1 000
population

Health management
and
support workers
Year

Density
per 1 000
population

Number

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2004
2004

...
...
...
...
...
...
36
528
...
...
3 936
...
...
...
1 702
...
...
20 035
1 520
651 035
...
...
...
...
...
4 709
1 415
917
...

Other
health
workers
Year

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2000

Density
per 1 000
population

...
...
...
...
0.65
...
2.02
0.09
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
8.43
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.29
...
0.04
...

Number

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2000

...
...
...
...
39 780
...
1 657
475
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
490 002
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
6 025
...
581
...

Laboratory health
workers

Year

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year

...
...
...
...
0.04
...
0.03
0.06
...
...
0.09
...
...
...
0.04
...
...
0.25
0.05
...
...
...
...
...
...
0.04
0.09
0.14
...

Density
per 1 000
population

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2004
2003
2002
2002
2004
2001
2001
1997
2002
2000

...
...
...
...
2 151
...
22
289
...
...
890
...
...
...
1 042
...
...
14 439
1 831
...
...
...
...
...
...
792
1 027
1 803
...

Community
health
workers
Number

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2002
2003
2001
2003
2000
2001
2004
2004
2001

Density
per 1 000
population

0.66
0.60
0.52
0.11
0.25
0.15
0.02
0.03
0.17
...
0.29
0.32
0.34
0.09
0.03
0.48
0.38
0.51
0.01
0.88
...
0.03
...
...
0.08
0.13
0.10
0.07
0.19

Number

5 885
4 322
8 862
680
15 480
309
14
134
17
...
2 909
22 500
1 626
1
688
23 576
1 086
29 726
365
249 642
...
899
...
...
5 977
2 638
1 039
883
1 980

Public and
environmental
health workers
Year

Number

Density
per 1 000
population

Pharmacists

2000
2004
2004

2004

2004

1997
2002
2000

2004
2004

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR

Health expenditure ratios


Total
expenditure
on health as
% of gross
domestic
producta

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

Private
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
government
expenditurea

External
resources
for health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

4.4e
6.7
3.6
7.1
1.9
4.8
9.6
5.4
9.6
10.3
3.6
6.8
4.0
3.1
7.1
6.2
9.7
5.1
4.9
4.6
6.8
8.3
6.4
8.8
3.2
8.0
6.1
3.2
6.7
5.2
9.8
5.2
4.1
4.2
6.1
4.7f
7.8
2.8
2.5
3.5
6.6
3.8
7.7
6.3
5.8

16.9
44.1
72.5
69.2
79.4
70.6
45.3
26.2
67.5
75.6
25.0
50.1
67.2
28.1
63.5
74.9
71.1
53.8
51.2
64.2
60.7
49.4
62.9
54.1
79.7
57.6
54.8
26.2
25.8
28.0
69.8
75.8
36.8
36.9
47.0
38.0f
86.0
56.9
49.2
87.4
77.0
23.8
81.0
87.8
44.3

83.1
55.9
27.5
30.8
20.6
29.4
54.7
73.8
32.5
24.4
75.0
49.9
32.8
71.9
36.5
25.1
28.9
46.2
48.8
35.8
39.3
50.6
37.1
45.9
20.3
42.4
45.2
73.8
74.2
72.0
30.2
24.2
63.2
63.1
53.0
62.0f
14.0
43.1
50.8
12.6
23.0
76.2
19.0
12.2
55.7

2.3
10.0
8.4
33.4
4.4
12.4
15.1
6.8
18.5
15.4
3.4
15.1
9.4
5.9
12.3
10.2
14.1
6.5
9.8
6.1
12.8
9.8
10.5
14.2
4.8
11.6
15.3
2.3
11.4
10.5
17.1
12.3
10.9
9.5
13.1
10.1f
20.9
8.0
4.4
8.4
21.3
4.6
14.1
11.2
5.9

6.1
2.4
0.0
0.0
9.1
0.9
0.2
7.2
0.0
0.0
1.6
0.2
0.0
15.1
2.0
...
0.0
5.3
10.2
14.5
9.1
1.3
2.5
0.0
...
1.0
26.8
17.6
28.5
5.3
0.0
20.7
47.7
7.0
0.1
0.1f
0.1
18.3
3.6
20.3
0.8
5.0
0.4
0.3
0.0

0.0
24.8
33.2
89.1
0.0
0.0
56.8
0.0
0.0
61.0
0.0
2.6
0.5
0.0
0.0
2.2
83.2
17.4
...
0.0
65.3
95.4
...
0.0
...
49.6
0.4
...
0.0
0.0
2.1
29.5
...
...
33.3
55.2f
59.6
0.0
0.0
0.0
90.6
...
97.9
0.0
0.0

97.7
99.8
94.6
70.7
100.0
100.0
48.7
89.2
61.6
67.9
93.6
40.3
69.3
88.3
78.6
72.7
83.5
100.0
99.9
100.0
82.5
100.0
27.9
64.2
100.0
98.0
97.9
100.0
85.4
94.5
49.4
99.8
95.4
95.8
45.9
86.5f
49.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
88.7
88.7
93.8
74.5
93.4

64

Social security Out-of-pocket


expenditure
expenditure
on health as
as % of
% of general
private
government
expenditure
expenditure
on healtha
on healtha

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Health expenditure aggregates

Coverage of vital registration


of deathsc

Private
prepaid plans
as % of
private
expenditure
on healtha

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

(%)

14
157
94
2 453
26
485
383
63
3 123
3 683
37
1 211
620
14
745
147
3 363
201
24
15
66
198
329
290
473
251
24
3
24
51
3 038
98
13
20
359
70f
168
13
28
335
290
33
609
230
1 109

19
339
167
3 546
38
516
1 274
226
3 123
3 418
138
1 349
871
64
1 151
427
3 133
339
40
93
186
603
504
1 520
621
671
77
16
140
83
3 173
225
54
42
720
277f
570
25
30
435
592
64
917
229
1 128

2
69
68
1 697
20
343
174
17
2 107
2 783
9
607
417
4
473
110
2 392
108
12
10
40
98
207
157
377
144
13
1
6
14
2 121
74
5
7
169
27f
145
8
14
293
223
8
494
202
491

3
149
121
2 453
30
365
578
59
2 107
2 582
35
676
586
18
731
319
2 228
182
21
60
113
298
317
822
495
386
42
4
36
23
2 215
171
20
15
338
105f
490
14
15
380
456
15
743
201
499

<25
94
76
46
<25
...
100
78
100
100
72
88
90
<25
100
98
100
96
<25
<25
<25
88
22
79
100
100
<25
<25
<25
<25
100
...
<25
<25
98
8
79
<25
<25
>75
79
<25
99
100
83

0.0
0.0
5.2
26.8
0.0
...
45.6
0.2
20.4
33.6
0.4
58.6
12.8
0.1
21.4
0.1
12.0
...
0.1
0.0
8.8
...
19.8
35.8
...
0.2
1.4
...
0.0
...
42.3
0.2
...
0.5
54.0
5.5f
51.0
0.0
...
0.0
2.1
11.3
6.2
0.0
5.4

65

Year
2002
2003
2000
2000
2002
2003
2003
2002
2004
2002
2000
2001
2002
2000
2003
1997
2001
2002
2002
2002
1999
1998
2000
2000
2003
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2002
2000
1999
2002
2002
2001
2002
2002
2004
2003
2003

Hospital bedsd

per 10 000
population
4
30
17
27
...
24
41
45
40
77
82
34
28
3
73
111
53
13
5
16
10
30
22
26
27
64
...
7
6
...
36
...
...
4
24
22
12
22
...
40
14
...
55
49
34

Year

2005
2004
2005
2005
2000
2005
2002
2005
2005
2004
2005
2001
2004
2005
2005
2004
2005
2001
2004
2005
2003
2002
2002
2005
2006
2001
2003

2005
2004
2003
2004
2006
2004
2004
2005
2005
2005

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90

WHO
region

Health expenditure ratios


Total
expenditure
on health as
% of gross
domestic
producta

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

Private
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
government
expenditurea

External
resources
for health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

89.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
9.8
0.0
16.2
39.2
26.7
41.7
0.0
0.0
86.5
0.4
0.0
21.9
95.7
1.7
0.0
58.7
87.0
...
56.0
0.0
49.4
1.6
3.5
0.0
0.0
14.2
85.3
37.0
5.6
10.8

95.5
100.0
100.0
81.3
98.6
100.0
73.1
85.4
94.3
94.2
75.1
100.0
88.8
78.3
100.0
80.8
34.9
100.0
68.2
87.2
57.5
78.2
95.7
100.0
90.5
99.5
90.0
100.0
69.6
84.3
88.0
100.0
93.8
74.7

38.4
...
0.8
58.3
0.1
0.0
80.0
0.5i
0.0
8.4
0.0

94.8
100.0h
65.9
75.0
84.4
63.6
94.9
73.8i
100.0
81.9
100.0

Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)

EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR

7.3
3.5
4.0
8.6
6.3
5.9
6.0
5.5
6.1
7.9
1.6
4.5
5.3
5.3
4.6
7.4
10.5
4.5
6.8
5.3
10.6
6.7
7.9g
6.9
5.7
5.3
4.8
5.3
7.6
7.2
7.9
9.9
5.0
2.8
6.6

89.2
85.6
28.1
82.3
69.2
71.3
31.6
40.7
38.2
44.4
77.1
39.2
76.0
51.5
62.3
77.2
78.4
68.8
27.1
27.4
76.9
42.2
52.8
72.8
41.0
13.2
27.3
83.5
38.5
54.9
71.6
83.4
17.3
34.2
47.8

10.8
14.4
71.9
17.7
30.8
28.7
68.4
59.3
61.8
55.6
22.9
60.8
24.0
48.5
37.7
22.8
21.6
31.2
72.9
72.6
23.1
57.8
47.2
27.2
59.0
86.8
72.7
16.5
61.5
45.1
28.4
16.6
82.7
65.8
52.2

14.6
6.0
7.3
12.8
11.5
11.9
10.3
7.6
7.9
20.6
7.0
4.2
11.5
9.4
9.1
11.3
15.4
13.9
5.9
7.7
17.3
8.4
10.7
11.1
18.8
4.5
3.5
10.0
23.9
16.7
11.6
18.1
2.9
5.0
10.9

0.0
53.6
19.1
0.0
34.0
3.0
1.5
0.8
0.9
1.2
3.8
59.6
0.5
35.2
9.6
0.0
0.0
1.3
23.0
9.8
0.0
29.9
...
1.5
2.3
9.5
31.6
8.2
14.2
8.7
0.4
0.0
0.5
1.3
0.2c

Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati

EMR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR

5.3h
7.2
8.7
8.7
5.2
7.8
9.8i
3.8
4.1
13.7

78.5h
79.5
70.0
75.1
54.3
81.3
48.4i
59.8
42.7
93.0

21.5h
20.5
30.0
24.9
45.7
18.7
51.6i
40.2
57.3
7.0

3.4h
16.8
11.8
13.7
4.7
17.2
9.6i
10.2
8.2
9.3

2.5h
0.0
3.2
0.0
1.4
0.0
7.1i
0.9
18.3
27.9

66

Social security Out-of-pocket


expenditure
expenditure
on health as
as % of
% of general
private
government
expenditure
expenditure
on healtha
on healtha

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Health expenditure aggregates

Coverage of vital registration


of deathsc

Private
prepaid plans
as % of
private
expenditure
on healtha

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

(%)

771
<1
5
3 897
53
215
148
127
66
184
168
10
463
6
148
2 664
3 464
231
19
60
3 521
27
1 879
293
127
22
9
56
33
77
800
4 413
31
33
158
58h
3 234
1 534
2 580
176
2 823

1 412
47
15
2 780
87
309
377
261
258
375
223
27
752
21
284
2 203
3 040
264
88
171
3 171
95
2 179
480
256
96
28
329
82
197
1 308
3 294
91
118
604
135h
2 618
1 972
2 414
223
2 293

687
<1
1
3 207
37
153
47
52
25
82
130
4
352
3
92
2 057
2 715
159
5
16
2 709
12
992
213
52
3
2
47
13
42
573
3 679
5
11
75
45h
2 570
1 073
1 936
95
2 295

1 259
40
4
2 287
60
221
119
107
99
167
172
11
571
11
177
1 700
2 382
182
24
47
2 440
40
1 150
349
105
13
8
275
32
108
937
2 746
16
41
288
106h
2 080
1 380
1 812
121
1 864

100
<25
<25
100
<25
>75
49
69
90
73
<25
<25
100
<25
100
100
100
<25
<25
64
100
<25
91
...
86
<25
<25
...
7
...
100
96
<25
<25
38
<25
100
100
98
...
100

200i
109
20
112

502i
264
86
271

97i
65
9
104

243i
158
37
252

37
79
<10
>75

2.1
0.0
...
9.2
1.4
...
21.1
5.8
0.3
5.6
0.0
0.0
0.3
1.9
...
10.3
57.3
...
...
1.8
39.1
6.6
4.3
...
4.2
0.0
0.0
...
...
9.0
3.2
0.0
0.8
5.9
4.4
...
32.7
25.0
3.6
32.1
1.9
7.4i
...
6.1
0.0

67

Year

Hospital bedsd

per 10 000
population

Year
2005
2002

2003

84
132
...
38
16
39
22
14
22
9
22
...
58
2
26
70
75
...
8
38
84
9
47
48
7
...
...
29
8
10
79
75
7
6
17
13
57
63
40
17
129

2001
2000
2002
2005
2002
2002
1998
2005
2005
2004
2005
2004
2005
2001

2004
2003
1999
2002

17
78
19
15

2005
2005
2002
2004

2004
2002
2002
2001
2002
1999
1999
2003
2001
1999
2002
2002
2003
2002
2000
2004
2002
2002
2002
2001
2004
1999
2003
1999
2002
2002
1999
2003
2003
2000
2002
2001
2002
2002
2003
2001

2004
2000
2004
2005
2003
2005
2005
2005
2004
2004
1999
2005
2004
2005
2005
2005
2005
2004
2005
2005

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135

Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR

Health expenditure ratios


Total
expenditure
on health as
% of gross
domestic
producta

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

Private
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
government
expenditurea

External
resources
for health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2.8
5.6
3.9
7.1
11.6
6.5
5.6
3.8
6.5
8.0j
3.0
12.9
3.8
7.7
6.6
9.2
15.2
2.9
4.3
6.5
7.6
9.9
6.0
...
5.1
4.0
2.2
6.8
8.1
5.6
9.2
8.4
8.2
4.2
4.6
15.1
9.7
3.0
2.2
9.7
7.7
3.6
7.7
4.1
3.4

77.6
40.9
20.5
56.6
27.4
84.2
63.9
74.9
75.0
90.4j
59.1
74.7
58.8
81.4
49.2
76.1
97.0
69.4
54.7
46.4
85.7
75.7
66.6
...
34.3
68.4
12.9
69.0
73.0
26.3
62.4
77.4
47.1
52.5
30.4
98.8
83.5
81.4
19.6
91.2
66.9
84.3
33.7
46.9
39.8

22.4
59.1
79.5
43.4
72.6
15.8
36.1
25.1
25.0
9.6j
40.9
25.3
41.2
18.6
50.8
23.9
3.0
30.6
45.3
53.6
14.3
24.3
33.4
...
65.7
31.6
87.1
31.0
27.0
73.7
37.6
22.6
52.9
47.5
69.6
1.2
16.5
18.6
80.4
8.8
33.1
15.7
66.3
53.1
60.2

6.0
8.3
5.0
11.1
9.3
13.4
20.1
6.1
15.8
16.7j
8.7
28.8
7.5
16.0
12.8
14.4
14.5
5.3
9.8
12.9
10.2
16.4
9.4
...
5.5
9.1
1.4
13.5
32.9
8.1
12.4
18.2
12.0
10.3
3.5
12.4
17.8
6.1
1.9
16.4
10.4
10.0
15.3
9.0
6.3

0.0
15.1
10.2
0.3
1.7
8.7
37.8
0.0
3.1
0.0j
45.5
59.4
0.1
1.6
13.8
0.0
16.9
20.2
1.4
0.3
71.9
0.0
4.6
...
0.9
55.9
13.1
16.9
7.8
17.6
0.0
0.0
11.3
21.3
5.6
43.2
0.0
0.0
2.5
19.8
0.2
26.5
1.9
1.3
3.6

0.0
14.6
12.1
78.3
48.8
0.0
0.0
...
83.3
80.3j
...
0.0
0.7
29.2
...
0.0
15.7
0.0
...
67.3
...
98.5
38.6
...
0.0
0.0
3.2
1.7
0.0
0.0
95.5
0.0
26.3
...
0.0
0.0
16.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
49.9
0.0
37.4
47.9
23.8

90.4
94.3
90.3
98.3
82.2
18.2
98.5
100.0
96.8
69.9j
52.5
35.2
74.1
100.0
99.5
90.2
100.0
100.0
80.8
94.4
40.0
82.2
92.3
...
76.0
38.5
99.4
18.1
100.0
88.1
20.6
76.1
95.9
85.1
90.4
100.0
95.2
57.1
98.0
100.0
82.5
46.4
72.2
79.2
77.9

68

Social security Out-of-pocket


expenditure
expenditure
on health as
as % of
% of general
private
government
expenditure
expenditure
on healtha
on healtha

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Health expenditure aggregates

Coverage of vital registration


of deathsc

Private
prepaid plans
as % of
private
expenditure
on healtha

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

(%)

9.6
...
0.5
1.7
15.4
...
0.0
0.0
0.5
17.6j
11.1
14.6
13.2
0.0
0.5
7.3
0.0
0.0
10.0
5.6
...
17.8
0.0
...
24.0
0.6
0.0

633
24
17
418
670
49
9
195
424
5 904j
7
19
180
180
24
1 239
272
15
222
424
156
5 330
37
...
82
12
5k

538
102
74
852
817
139
22
328
843
5 178j
29
58
402
494
54
1 733
555
43
516
655
292
4 744
141
...
234
42

491
10
3
237
184
42
6
146
318
5 335j
4
14
106
147
12
943
264
10
122
197
134
4 037
25
...
28
8

417
42
15
482
224
117
14
246
633
4 679j
17
43
237
403
27
1 318
539
30
282
304
250
3 593
94
...
80
29

90
71
<25
100
19
<25
<25
<25
100
100
<25
<25
40
42
<25
100
53
<25
100
96
...
...
86
...
34
<25

2002
2004
2002
2004
1999
2002
2002
2002
2004
2004
2002
2002
1998
2003
2002
2004
1997
2002
2003
2002

77.2
0.0
0.0
50.6
22.6
3.2
11.7
6.7
0.0
0.0
28.6
...
0.0
17.5
6.2
13.9
17.5
12.1

190
347
14
3 442
2 040
67
9
23
1 225
5 405
295
14
656
343
30
88
104
36

38k
407
399
71
3 092
2 081
231
26
53
245
4 080
419
48
841
632
147
327
235
203

1k
131
253
4
2 146
1 578
32
5
7
1 211
4 512
240
3
598
229
26
30
49
14

5k
281
292
19
1 928
1 610
109
14
16
242
3 406
341
9
767
423
124
110
111
81

<25
<25
...
<25
100
99
59
<25
<25
>75
96
71
<25
>75
89
...
74
51
85

2000
2002

69

Year

2003
1997
1997

2002
2004
2000
2002
2002
2002
2000
2003
2001
2002
1999
2003
2000
2000
1998

Hospital bedsd

per 10 000
population

Year

19
51
9
77
36
...
...
34
81
63
...
...
18
23
...
75
21
6
30
10
28
...
75
42
9
...

2005
2005
2002
2005
2005

6
...
60
2
50
60
9
...
12
73
42
21
7
44
24
...
12
11
12

2000

2004
2005
2004

2001
2003
2005
1999
2006
2005
2004
2000
2002
2005
2004

2004
2001
2003
2002
2004
2000
2003
2005
2005
2003
1998
2004
2005
2004
2002

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180

WHO
region

Health expenditure ratios


Total
expenditure
on health as
% of gross
domestic
producta

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

Private
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
government
expenditurea

External
resources
for health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

Poland
Portugal

EUR
EUR

6.2
9.8j

Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda

EMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
EMR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
WPR
EMR
AFR
EUR
SEAR
EMR
AMR
AFR
EUR
EUR
EMR
EUR
SEAR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
AMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
WPR
AFR

Social security Out-of-pocket


expenditure
expenditure
on health as
as % of
% of general
private
government
expenditure
expenditure
on healtha
on healtha
2004

68.6

31.4

10.0

0.1

82.4

89.6

2.4
5.5
7.4
5.1
6.0
7.5
5.2
5.0
6.1
5.3
7.4
11.5
3.9
5.9
...
6.1
3.3
3.7
7.2
8.7
5.9
...
8.6
8.1
4.3
4.1
7.8
6.3
9.1
11.5
4.7
4.4
3.5
8.0

71.6j
76.5
52.6
56.8
66.1
61.3
56.8
63.2
65.0
63.2
76.8
79.0
86.2
76.5
40.3
...
75.3
59.0
34.0
73.8
75.6
94.5
...
40.4
70.9
45.6
35.4
46.0
63.8
84.9
58.5
47.4
21.6
64.7
71.0

28.4j
23.5
47.4
43.2
33.9
38.7
43.2
36.8
35.0
36.8
23.2
21.0
13.8
23.5
59.7
...
24.7
41.0
66.0
26.2
24.4
5.5
...
59.6
29.1
54.4
64.6
54.0
36.2
15.1
41.5
52.6
78.4
35.3
29.0

15.1j
6.1
10.3
12.1
11.1
9.8
16.5
9.6
10.8
11.0
13.1
21.6
13.1
9.9
9.8
...
10.2
7.8
6.2
13.7
13.8
18.8
...
10.8
14.7
8.4
7.2
9.7
11.2
13.6
18.6
5.9
4.6
11.2
17.1

0.0j
0.0
0.0
4.8
25.0
0.1
37.1
1.8
0.7
0.1
12.4
0.0
53.3
0.0
12.8
...
2.4
35.4
0.0
0.0
...
60.8
...
0.5
0.0
1.2
5.1
9.7
9.5
0.0
0.0
0.2
9.1
0.3
1.4

1.2j
0.0
79.2
70.2
83.4
36.2
4.6
0.0
4.8
0.0
1.2
94.0
0.0
...
14.7
...
3.3
0.0
25.9
86.3
90.3
0.0
...
4.3
7.4
0.2
12.5
36.7
0.0
0.0
70.8
0.0
0.0
10.2
97.5

79.4j
86.4
80.4
96.0
93.4
76.7
36.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
78.0
96.8
100.0
26.4
94.5
...
62.5
100.0
96.9
73.1
39.5
55.9
...
17.2
81.0
84.0
98.1
60.2
40.2
92.0
76.7
100.0
97.3
74.7
100.0

11.2
5.5
6.3
3.5
6.2
7.7
4.8
16.6m
7.6

78.9
20.7
79.5
38.9
52.1
72.3
68.9
94.8m
32.7

21.1
79.3
20.5
61.1
47.9
27.7
31.1
5.2m
67.3

15.0
6.9
16.1
5.1
8.8
14.3
14.9
18.3m
10.0

53.7
8.9
31.4
0.2
0.2
0.0
0.4
46.5m
25.2

0.0
14.4
...
0.0
19.4
54.8
6.1
0.0m
0.0

25.6
84.9
84.9
88.5
83.0
69.1
100.0
16.5m
51.3

70

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Health expenditure aggregates

Coverage of vital registration


of deathsc

Private
prepaid plans
as % of
private
expenditure
on healtha

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

(%)

1.9
15.9j
...
7.1
1.1
0
9.9
1.3
...
...
...
0.0
3.2
0.0
43.7
4.4
...
0.0
0.0
...
0.0
51.7
0.0
...
77.5
16.2
8.8
...
0.8
21.1
1.9
21.1
0.0

411
1 665j
992
777
46
178
245
16
500
232
210
109
3 356
48
412
39
...
534
7
943
565
1 438
35
...
390
1 971
43
25
194
146
3 532
5 572
58l

814
1 897j
688
1 135
138
433
583
126
710
302
418
218
3 198
141
601
72
...
634
34
1 118
1 061
1 815
114
...
748
2 099
163
54
376
367
2 828
4 011

282
1 193j
759
409
26
,17
150
9
316
151
133
84
2 652
41
315
16
...
403
4
321
417
1 087
33
...
158
1 397
19
9
89
93
3 000
3 261

559
1 359j
526
597
79
286
358
72
448
196
264
167
2 527
122
460
29
...
478
20
381
782
1 372
108
...
302
1 488
74
19
173
234
2 402
2 347

100
100
83
90
83
100
97
<25
>75
100
99
28
>75
...
31
<25
...
>75
<25
82
100
100
28
<25
...
100
...
<25
...
<25
100
100

0.0
16.5
...

14
88
212

109l
54
293
471

27l
3
57
150

52l
12
190
335

0.0
4.0
0.4
6.1
15.3
12.5
0.0
0.0m
0.2

44
18
117
329
175
325
124
355m
19

143
63
316
523
502
557
245
257m
135

34
4
93
128
91
235
86
337m
6

113
13
251
203
262
402
169
244m
44

71

Year

Hospital bedsd

per 10 000
population

Year
2004
2004
2005
2002
2005
2005
2005
2004
2005
2005
2004
2002

2002
2002
2002

53
37
24
66
64
66
97
17
55
28
45
15
...
32
23
...
59
...
4
28
69
48
22
...
...
35
30
7
31
...
52
57

100
50
91
90

2000
2001
2002
2003

13
62
22
47

2004
2005
2000
2005

<25
<10
<75
94
6
41
76
>75
<25

2002
2001
1998
2000
1999
2003
1998
2000
2002

...
9
29
33
18
26
49
40
7

2005
2004
2003
2004
2005
2004
2001
2004

2003
2003
2001
2002
2004
2004
2004
2002
1997
2001
1999
2002
2000
2002
2002
2000
2002
2002
2002
2003
1999
2002
2003
2002

2003
2004
2005
2006
2003
2005
2005
2003

2003
2001
2004
2004
1997
2004

56835

83347-9473

Health systems

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
The former state union of Serbia
and Montenegron

WHO
region

Health expenditure ratios


Total
expenditure
on health as
% of gross
domestic
producta

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

Private
expenditure
on health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha,b

General
government
expenditure
on health as
% of total
government
expenditurea

External
resources
for health as
% of total
expenditure
on healtha

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

EUR
EMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
AMR
WPR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EUR

6.5
2.9
8.1
4.0
15.4
8.2
5.1
4.1
4.7
5.5
5.0
6.3
7.5
10.1o

56.7
69.9
86.3
43.6
44.7
43.5
46.6
76.8
42.0
27.1
38.3
54.7
46.1
72.1o

43.3
30.1
13.7
56.4
55.3
56.5
53.4
23.2
58.0
72.9
61.7
45.3
53.9
27.9o

9.4
8.1
15.9
8.5
18.9
10.1
7.8
13.6
8.2
5.0
5.7
12.8
8.9
14.0o

0.7
0.0
0.0
27.1
0.0
0.3
3.9
22.9
0.0
2.0
15.0
36.3
13.1
0.5o

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
28.0
42.0
...
0.0
22.8
16.9
...
0.0
0.0
81.7o

90.5
71.0
91.8
83.2
23.8
31.1
96.2
57.5
88.3
88.0
95.5
71.4
48.7
88.2o

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

6.0
12.7
4.0
8.6
5.0
5.8
8.7

43.9
47.5
27.3
74.2
49.0
56.9
55.9

56.1
52.5
72.7
25.8
51.0
43.1
44.1

8.8
17.4
4.5
14.3
7.6
13.1
14.3

9.2
0.1
2.2
0.1
1.1
0.3
0.3

6.3
25.1
7.3
49.9
18.4
61.6
39.9

49.2
32.4
89.5
70.1
88.0
85.6
52.2

Social security Out-of-pocket


expenditure
expenditure
on health as
as % of
% of general
private
government
expenditure
expenditure
on healtha
on healtha

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region;
EMR, Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
Expenditure estimates from the following countries should be interpreted with caution since they are derived from limited sources (mostly macroeconomics data that are publicly accessible): Afghanistan, Angola, Comoros, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq,
Liberia, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Mauritania, Sierra Leone, Turkmenistan.
Expenditure estimates for countries that are members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on OECD
health data updates 2006 [online source]. Paris, OECD Publishing, 2006 (also available at http://www.oecd.org/health/healthdata) and subsequent
updates from national correspondents.
New reports from national health accounts; surveys; updated national accounts series from sources such as the United Nations, the World Bank, the
International Monetary Fund or other organizations; and other information or consultations with countries provided new bases for health expenditure
estimates for the following countries: Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea,
Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, India, Kyrgyzstan, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mongolia, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Papua
New Guinea, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, Tonga, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam and
Zambia.
a
National health accounts: country information. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/nha/country).
b
In some cases the sum of the ratios of general government expenditure and private expenditure on health may not add up to 100 because of
rounding.
c
WHO mortality database: tables. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://who.int/healthinfo/morttables).
d
Sources: Health situation in the Americas: basic indicators 2006. Washington, DC, Pan American Health Organization, 2006 (http://www.paho.org/
english/dd/ais/BI-brochure-2006.pdf, accessed 1 March 2007); Demographic and health indicators for countries of the Eastern Mediterranean: 2006.
Alexandria, World Health Organization Regional Ofce for the Eastern Mediterranean, 2006; European health for all database (HFA-DB). Copenhagen,
World Health Organization Regional Ofce for Europe, 2007 (http://data.euro.who.int/hfadb, accessed 1 March 2007); Core indicators 2005. New
Delhi, WHO, Regional Ofce for South-East Asia, 2005 (http://www.searo.who.int/EN/Section1243/Section1382/Section1386_9855.htm, accessed
1 March 2007); Core indicators 2005. Manila, WHO, Regional Ofce for the Western Pacic, 2005 (http://www.wpro.who.int/information_sources/
databases/core_indicators, accessed 1 March 2007); additional data compiled by WHO, Regional Ofce for Africa.

72

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Health expenditure aggregates

f
g

h
i

j
k
l
m
n
o

Coverage of vital registration


of deathsc

Private
prepaid plans
as % of
private
expenditure
on healtha

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
total
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
average
exchange
ratea (US$)

Per capita
government
expenditure
on health at
international
dollar ratea

2004

2004

2004

2004

2004

(%)

1.2
18.4
8.2
4.8
66.4
68.9
0.0
...
3.8
2.9
...
0.6
27.8
11.8o

90
711
2 900
12
6 096
315
23
58
196
30
34
30
27
219o

427
503
2 560
29
6 096
784
160
123
285
184
82
63
139
436o

51
497
2 502
5
2 725
137
11
45
82
8
13
16
13
158o

242
352
2 209
12
2 725
341
75
95
120
50
31
34
64
315o

99
65
100
<25
100
100
80
12
97
<25
<25
17
36
90

40.6
59.4
2.5
22.4
7.8
6.1
39.7

48
2 336
31
1 537
91
332
645

108
2 720
99
1 564
224
480
777

22
1 084
8
1 162
50
233
382

47
1 291
27
1 161
110
273
434

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

Year
2004
2000
2003
2002
2002
2000
2002
2000
2002
2002
2002
2000
2001
2002

Hospital bedsd

per 10 000
population

Year

87
22
39
...
33
24
52
20
9
14
6
20
...
...

2005
2002
2004
2003
2005
2005
2003
2003
2002
2005
2004

...
25
9
64
13
31
26

Gross domestic product (GDP) includes income from both licit and illicit (opium) sources. Previous releases of World health statistics
reported only licit GDP.
Estimates do not include expenditures for the Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions.
Benchmark revision of the gross domestic product lowers relative health expenditure compared with previous releases of World health
statistics.
Estimates do not include expenditures incurred in northern Iraq.
Public expenditure on health includes contributions made by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the
Near East (UNRWA) to Palestinian refugees residing in Jordan.
Changes in classications linked to the health account systems led to changes as compared to previous releases.
The market exchange rate was used this year instead of the ofcial exchange rates, which were used in previous releases.
The exchange rate used is the rate from the Central Bank of Syria for non-commercial transactions.
Large amounts of funds from external sources, mainly for capital expenditures, resulted in high expenditures on health.
See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.
Estimates do not include expenditures incurred in the provinces of Kosovo and Metohia.

73

56835

83347-9473

Inequities in health

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Probability of dying aged < 5 years per 1 000 live birthsa


(under-5 mortality rate)

Year

Highest

Ratio lowest
highest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio lowest
highest

Rural

Urban

Ratio ruralurban

Lowest

2000
2004
2001
2003
1988
1996
2003
1987
2000
2004
19941995
2004
2005
1996
19981999
2002
1987
2005
1985
2002
2005
2000
2003
19981999
2005
2000
19981999
20022003
2002
1999
2003
1997
1986
20032004
2004
2001
20002001
1987
20032004
2003
2000
2001
2001
1998
2003
19901991
1990
2000
2003
2005

Wealth quintile

Lowest

EUR
SEAR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AMR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
EMR
AFR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
AFR

Place of residence

Ratio ruralurban

Armeniac
Bangladesh
Benin
Bolivia
Botswana
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Central African Republicd
Chad
Colombiae
Comorosd
Cte dIvoire
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Gabon
Ghana
Guatemala
Guinea
Haiti
Indiad
Indonesia
Jordan
Kazakhstanf
Kenya
Kyrgyzstand,f
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Mauritania
Mexico
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nepal
Nicaragua
Nigerd
Nigeria
Pakistan
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Rwanda

Educational level
of motherb

Urban

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Wealth quintile

Rural

Place of residence

Children aged < 5 years stunted for agea


(%)

59.2
97.7
175.5
113.4
55.2
79.4
201.5
184.2
126.0
168.8
178.4
208.0
33.0
122.6
196.8
46.9
112.2
56.1
103.8
117.1
135.0
99.9
118.3
68.5
204.0
149.4
111.4
64.7
36.4
73.2
116.9
82.2
239.7
120.0
164.0
253.2
96.2
104.2
69.4
192.0
66.1
111.9
55.3
327.4
242.7
131.9
48.1
85.3
52.2
192.0

37.3
92.2
133.6
76.8
55.3
49.1
136.4
163.7
92.6
119.3
128.6
179.0
23.0
80.7
125.2
41.1
65.0
39.1
68.6
86.1
98.0
88.4
92.7
57.8
133.0
111.7
65.4
42.3
27.2
50.1
93.5
58.2
217.8
73.3
116.0
184.6
110.7
49.7
38.1
143.2
49.5
65.9
33.9
178.1
152.9
93.6
44.8
39.0
30.4
122.0

1.6
1.1
1.3
1.5
1.0
1.6
1.5
1.1
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.2
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.1
1.7
1.4
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.2
1.5
1.3
1.7
1.5
1.3
1.5
1.3
1.4
1.1
1.6
1.4
1.4
0.9
2.1
1.8
1.3
1.3
1.7
1.6
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.1
2.2
1.7
1.6

60.9
121.0
198.2
105.0
...
98.9
206.0
...
154.8
189.0
192.9
176.0
39.0
128.9
...
...
...
74.6
...
100.0
130.0
93.1
128.0
77.6
217.0
163.9
141.3
77.0
...
81.9
149.0
96.4
...
141.8
183.0
247.8
98.1
...
78.0
196.0
55.4
129.9
64.3
281.8
257.0
124.5
57.2
92.6
66.0
211.0

29.6
72.0
93.1
32.0
...
33.3
144.0
...
63.6
88.0
98.3
187.0
16.0
86.6
...
...
...
25.1
...
65.0
92.0
55.4
88.0
39.3
113.0
108.7
45.5
22.0
...
44.8
91.0
49.3
...
49.4
111.0
148.1
78.5
...
26.0
108.0
31.4
67.7
19.2
183.7
79.0
73.8
20.1
17.6
21.0
122.0

2.1
1.7
2.1
3.3
...
3.0
1.4
...
2.4
2.1
2.0
0.9
2.4
1.5
...
...
...
3.0
...
1.5
1.4
1.7
1.5
2.0
1.9
1.5
3.1
3.5
...
1.8
1.6
2.0
...
2.9
1.6
1.7
1.2
...
3.0
1.8
1.8
1.9
3.3
1.5
3.3
1.7
2.8
5.3
3.1
1.7

89.1
113.7
174.5
144.5
62.0
119.1
198.4
191.2
135.5
185.7
175.2
200.0
51.0
120.6
192.7
81.5
158.9
67.7
126.9
120.6
139.0
112.0
124.9
78.5
194.0
150.5
124.4
90.1
43.6
67.4
126.5
93.4
242.1
148.6
181.0
246.9
110.5
114.1
62.7
200.5
83.6
120.7
71.8
314.0
269.4
128.4
77.6
106.0
104.7
210.0

48.1
68.2
80.8
48.0
46.3
37.0
108.0
80.7
75.2
93.3
83.1
143.0
16.0
74.5
79.4
29.5
49.0
30.7
29.7
58.5
54.0
87.1
84.5
42.3
92.0
74.0
50.5
36.8
26.4
55.0
62.9
55.7
176.1
65.4
86.0
89.6
85.5
28.8
27.1
85.7
47.1
50.2
24.9
129.6
107.2
64.7
28.9
35.1
28.5
95.0

1.9
1.7
2.2
3.0
1.3
3.2
1.8
2.4
1.8
2.0
2.1
1.4
3.2
1.6
2.4
2.8
3.2
2.2
4.3
2.1
2.6
1.3
1.5
1.9
2.1
2.0
2.5
2.4
1.7
1.2
2.0
1.7
1.4
2.3
2.1
2.8
1.3
4.0
2.3
2.3
1.8
2.4
2.9
2.4
2.5
2.0
2.7
3.0
3.7
2.2

16.0
44.3
33.4
36.9
...
19.0
41.4
48.6
45.4
38.2
37.2
43.0
17.1
35.0
28.6
11.0
...
18.4
...
42.6
47.9
29.0
34.0
54.4
38.4
26.5
48.5
...
12.8
12.3
32.0
27.7
...
48.9
49.2
42.1
37.9
...
23.6
45.7
23.0
51.5
29.0
43.0
42.9
54.5
17.9
40.2
...
47.3

10.1
37.7
24.2
18.6
...
7.8
19.8
27.1
37.6
23.1
28.6
32.3
9.5
29.9
18.3
7.7
...
16.2
...
27.8
29.8
17.4
19.9
32.4
22.6
11.5
35.7
...
7.0
5.8
23.8
14.8
...
40.9
37.8
23.2
30.2
...
13.0
28.5
21.7
36.3
11.4
31.2
28.9
40.4
8.9
13.4
...
33.1

1.6
1.2
1.4
2.0
...
2.4
2.1
1.8
1.2
1.7
1.3
1.3
1.8
1.2
1.6
1.4
...
1.1
...
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
2.3
1.4
...
1.8
2.1
1.3
1.9
...
1.2
1.3
1.8
1.3
...
1.8
1.6
1.1
1.4
2.5
1.4
1.5
1.3
2.0
3.0
...
1.4

19.0
54.4
35.4
41.8
...
23.1
45.7
...
52.6
40.9
42.3
50.7
19.8
44.8
...
...
...
23.6
...
44.8
47.9
32.8
41.8
65.3
41.3
30.8
58.1
...
...
15.3
38.1
33.9
...
50.5
53.9
44.8
38.7
...
29.1
49.3
26.7
61.5
35.2
41.9
48.8
61.1
22.5
47.0
...
55.1

74

Ratio lowest
highest

WHO
region

Highest

Member State

9.3 2.0
25.0 2.2
18.2 1.9
5.4 7.7
...
...
2.4 9.6
20.6 2.2
...
...
27.5 1.9
12.3 3.3
25.0 1.7
31.7 1.6
3.3 6.0
23.3 1.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
14.4 1.6
...
...
17.6 2.5
34.9 1.4
11.5 2.9
13.2 3.2
7.5 8.7
21.8 1.9
7.4 4.2
26.7 2.2
...
...
...
...
7.5 2.0
19.2 2.0
14.3 2.4
...
...
38.2 1.3
32.0 1.7
19.7 2.3
23.4 1.7
...
...
10.2 2.9
20.0 2.5
15.3 1.7
35.8 1.7
4.5 7.8
32.3 1.3
17.9 2.7
32.9 1.9
3.0 7.5
4.5 10.4
...
...
29.7 1.9

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Births attended by skilled health personnela


(%)

96.8
28.0
98.6
90.0
96.6
94.5
94.7
75.7
65.8
91.7
84.8
66.7
100.0
82.9
83.6
99.4
88.2
89.1
99.0
87.9
57.7
92.9
67.9
84.8
84.1
62.0
74.0
85.6
98.7
98.3
72.0
99.0
86.6
80.5
83.4
90.8
91.6
95.4
94.4
94.8
89.1
45.9
97.8
68.5
75.0
62.3
93.5
84.5
71.8
72.9

75

Ratio highest
lowest

89.9
4.3
67.6
29.8
53.6
66.0
32.7
15.6
19.3
22.9
29.4
9.3
84.1
40.8
37.9
89.4
31.3
54.3
73.3
12.0
2.3
83.9
29.7
21.8
32.8
10.0
23.6
32.4
90.7
99.7
15.8
97.7
49.3
21.9
42.8
34.4
40.4
29.7
48.8
31.4
46.8
6.6
76.9
13.8
13.8
11.0
32.3
14.7
11.0
27.2

Highest

1.1
11.6
2.0
2.9
...
1.4
2.3
...
5.5
3.2
5.7
15.4
1.1
3.2
...
...
...
1.9
...
12.1
38.0
1.4
4.4
10.4
6.0
17.1
5.1
...
...
1.0
4.4
1.0
...
3.1
1.8
10.1
6.3
...
3.2
3.6
1.8
12.5
1.3
15.0
6.5
12.0
2.4
6.7
3.7
2.4

Lowest

100.0
39.6
99.3
98.9
...
98.6
90.8
...
81.2
94.5
81.7
55.4
99.7
84.8
...
...
...
95.7
...
81.0
26.6
97.1
90.4
91.9
87.4
70.0
84.4
...
...
98.5
75.4
100.0
...
93.9
84.6
81.9
92.8
...
95.4
88.6
97.1
45.1
99.3
62.8
84.5
55.2
98.1
87.5
92.4
66.4

Ratio highest
lowest

93.3
3.4
49.6
34.4
...
71.6
38.8
...
14.7
29.3
14.3
3.6
89.2
26.2
...
...
...
50.5
...
6.7
0.7
67.2
20.6
8.8
14.5
4.1
16.4
...
...
99.2
17.0
96.0
...
29.9
46.6
8.1
14.7
...
29.5
24.8
55.4
3.6
77.5
4.2
13.0
4.6
41.2
13.0
25.1
27.2

Highest

Lowest

1.0
3.3
1.2
2.0
1.3
1.3
2.9
5.1
2.0
1.9
3.3
7.1
1.1
1.8
2.5
1.0
2.2
1.3
1.2
6.2
17.2
1.3
2.6
2.6
3.2
4.7
2.2
1.4
1.0
1.0
2.1
1.0
1.7
1.8
1.6
3.0
3.0
2.0
2.2
2.4
1.4
5.0
1.2
8.5
2.2
5.2
1.8
3.3
1.9
1.8

Lowest

Ratio highest
lowest

99.1
29.6
82.9
77.7
93.5
92.3
87.7
85.2
57.2
84.2
77.7
45.6
98.9
78.9
79.1
99.0
84.5
88.7
93.3
64.7
44.6
92.9
79.7
66.1
80.7
52.2
73.3
78.9
98.8
98.4
72.0
99.2
76.7
70.6
83.8
80.8
85.8
85.9
85.3
80.7
93.1
51.1
96.5
68.7
58.8
42.4
87.0
84.6
79.0
63.1

Ratio urbanrural

Highest

94.5
9.1
68.4
38.6
71.7
73.3
30.5
16.8
28.0
44.2
23.7
6.4
91.1
43.1
32.1
95.7
39.0
65.8
79.1
10.4
2.6
69.4
30.9
25.0
25.6
11.0
33.5
55.2
96.8
99.5
34.5
97.8
44.9
39.6
53.0
26.6
28.9
44.0
39.5
34.1
66.3
10.2
83.1
8.1
27.1
8.1
48.3
25.3
40.8
34.6

Educational level
of motherb

Urban

Lowest

1.6
1.6
1.9
3.5
...
3.6
3.3
2.0
1.5
1.9
1.5
2.0
7.8
1.5
2.0
2.3
...
1.5
...
2.8
2.0
1.4
1.6
5.1
1.9
2.9
1.8
...
2.7
1.8
1.9
1.7
...
1.3
1.6
2.9
1.7
...
2.1
3.3
1.6
1.7
4.1
1.8
2.5
2.3
3.7
4.1
...
1.2

Wealth quintile

Rural

Ratio urbanrural

13.0
31.6
17.1
12.7
...
5.9
12.4
24.6
34.9
21.0
24.1
22.1
3.5
25.0
14.2
5.5
...
14.8
...
16.2
24.0
16.5
23.7
12.7
18.9
9.7
30.6
...
7.5
6.8
19.0
18.6
...
38.0
33.1
13.6
21.4
...
10.4
14.5
17.9
32.8
8.7
23.6
20.0
23.8
5.8
12.6
...
43.3

Place of residence

Ratio highest
lowest

Urban

21.0
50.4
33.0
44.4
...
21.2
40.8
49.0
51.1
40.1
37.2
44.3
27.3
38.2
28.3
12.8
...
21.5
...
44.6
49.1
22.5
38.0
64.4
35.9
27.9
54.9
...
20.4
12.3
36.4
32.4
...
49.1
52.4
40.1
37.1
...
21.8
47.7
28.5
54.9
35.7
42.3
50.5
55.0
21.5
51.6
...
50.3

Highest

Rural

Educational level
of motherb

Ratio lowest
highest

Wealth quintile

Highest

Place of residence

Lowest

Educational level
of motherb

Measles immunization coverage among 1-year-oldsa


(%)

1.1
6.5
1.5
3.0
1.8
1.4
2.9
4.9
3.4
4.0
2.9
7.2
1.2
2.0
2.2
1.1
2.8
1.6
1.4
7.3
25.1
1.1
2.3
3.9
2.6
6.2
3.1
2.6
1.1
1.0
4.6
1.0
1.8
3.7
1.9
2.6
2.3
3.2
1.9
3.0
1.9
7.0
1.3
5.0
5.4
5.7
2.9
5.7
6.5
2.7

72.1
73.9
64.1
60.2
69.9
76.5
53.3
47.8
54.6
58.3
40.5
19.2
75.8
63.5
58.8
86.0
...
96.5
76.9
78.5
32.2
37.1
81.8
83.4
48.9
50.2
45.3
66.2
94.2
76.2
69.7
84.5
28.0
55.9
77.6
41.3
53.0
52.6
85.9
70.8
78.4
69.9
74.1
27.8
28.5
43.6
52.4
82.2
77.5
85.0

76.0
82.8
75.3
66.5
65.4
90.2
73.1
51.1
61.0
72.5
68.4
37.5
85.1
63.0
82.0
89.5
...
96.8
85.2
93.8
65.4
61.1
85.8
86.0
54.8
60.9
69.2
77.6
95.4
81.4
85.9
83.7
30.2
73.9
86.8
70.8
74.3
62.3
94.2
90.8
84.3
80.6
77.1
67.1
52.1
64.6
65.0
86.1
81.8
89.6

1.1
1.1
1.2
1.1
0.9
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.1
1.2
1.7
2.0
1.1
1.0
1.4
1.0
...
1.0
1.1
1.2
2.0
1.6
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.5
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.7
1.4
1.2
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.2
1.0
2.4
1.8
1.5
1.2
1.0
1.1
1.1

67.8
59.5
56.9
62.3
...
77.9
48.3
...
43.9
52.1
31.3
8.2
69.4
51.1
...
...
...
95.1
...
83.8
24.9
34.1
75.0
79.5
42.0
42.9
28.4
...
...
73.8
54.8
81.9
...
38.4
67.4
39.7
42.0
...
83.1
60.8
76.2
61.1
76.2
23.0
15.9
27.9
48.0
80.8
69.7
84.9

74.1
90.5
83.1
73.7
...
90.2
71.3
...
81.8
83.2
79.8
38.1
90.0
86.0
...
...
...
97.2
...
96.4
52.5
71.3
88.8
91.1
57.2
63.3
81.2
...
...
75.7
88.0
80.7
...
84.0
88.3
76.5
86.2
...
97.6
96.4
85.7
83.2
93.8
65.8
70.7
74.8
68.7
92.3
89.4
87.6

1.1
1.5
1.5
1.2
...
1.2
1.5
...
1.9
1.6
2.5
4.6
1.3
1.7
...
...
...
1.0
...
1.2
2.1
2.1
1.2
1.1
1.4
1.5
2.9
...
...
1.0
1.6
1.0
...
2.2
1.3
1.9
2.1
...
1.2
1.6
1.1
1.4
1.2
2.9
4.4
2.7
1.4
1.1
1.3
1.0

90.8
62.3
63.4
60.6
67.8
67.4
54.3
45.2
45.6
46.1
38.6
18.2
70.0
58.7
57.8
70.1
...
96.0
66.3
77.1
30.0
42.3
78.2
72.9
47.7
43.8
34.0
41.9
80.8
86.7
51.1
85.1
24.9
36.1
72.1
44.9
55.4
45.7
87.6
65.6
69.5
63.2
69.4
31.8
15.6
43.6
31.8
75.8
45.6
82.6

74.3
87.7
88.6
74.0
63.0
90.6
80.4
56.3
71.1
79.3
79.2
53.7
92.6
75.5
94.6
93.0
...
97.6
88.0
95.6
63.4
63.9
89.3
95.4
67.6
69.9
75.8
83.2
95.9
89.4
84.9
77.5
42.7
85.2
93.9
78.7
79.8
64.1
96.3
99.1
83.3
92.9
72.8
73.9
66.5
76.5
71.1
88.4
83.3
92.0

0.8
1.4
1.4
1.2
0.9
1.3
1.5
1.2
1.6
1.7
2.1
3.0
1.3
1.3
1.6
1.3
...
1.0
1.3
1.2
2.1
1.5
1.1
1.3
1.4
1.6
2.2
2.0
1.2
1.0
1.7
0.9
1.7
2.4
1.3
1.8
1.4
1.4
1.1
1.5
1.2
1.5
1.0
2.3
4.3
1.8
2.2
1.2
1.8
1.1

56835

83347-9473

Inequities in health

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Probability of dying aged < 5 years per 1 000 live birthsa


(under-5 mortality rate)

Highest

Ratio lowest
highest

Highest

159.9 80.1
83.8 45.6
71.7 36.2
151.9 84.3
75.9 20.6
159.1 82.5
69.0 40.1
84.1 38.9
84.0 31.7
133.3 88.3
186.9 93.0
160.0 76.0
102.2 35.5
66.2 28.6
126.1 70.6
197.8 121.1
118.8 78.7

Lowest

...
4.0
...
...
...
1.7
...
...
2.6
1.5
1.8
1.5
...
...
2.2
2.1
1.6

Wealth quintile

Ratio ruralurban

...
...
87.4 21.9
...
...
...
...
...
...
167.7 97.0
...
...
...
...
85.0 32.6
105.5 69.8
191.8 106.4
137.0 93.0
...
...
...
...
163.1 73.0
191.7 92.4
99.5 62.2

Lowest

Ratio ruralurban
1.9
1.6
1.1
1.2
1.5
1.6
0.8
1.4
1.4
1.4
1.6
1.3
1.6
2.2
1.3
1.3
1.4

Place of residence

Urban

AFR
1999
171.2 92.1
AFR
1998
71.2 43.2
SEAR
1987
42.8 39.9
EMR
1990
144.0 117.0
SEAR
1987
51.7 34.3
AFR
1998
157.4 101.3
AMR
1987
30.4 38.7
EMR
1988
85.3 62.1
EUR
1998
73.5 51.3
EUR
2000
99.8 72.7
AFR 20002001 163.8 100.5
AFR 20042005 138.0 108.0
EUR
2002
87.5 53.4
WPR
2002
35.6 16.2
EMR
1997
128.2 95.8
AFR 20012002 182.3 140.0
AFR
1999
99.7 69.0

Educational level
of motherb

Rural

Senegal
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Thailand
Togod
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
United Republic of Tanzania
Uzbekistang
Viet Namd
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Wealth quintile

Children aged < 5 years stunted for agea


(%)

Ratio lowest
highest

51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67

Urban

Rural

Place of residence

Ratio lowest
highest

Year

Highest

WHO
region

Lowest

Member State

2.0
1.8
2.0
1.8
3.7
1.9
1.7
2.2
2.6
1.5
2.0
2.1
2.9
2.3
1.8
1.6
1.5

...
...
28.6
...
24.2
23.9
4.6
24.5
22.0
24.1
39.9
40.5
23.8
...
55.7
51.1
29.2

...
...
19.3
...
11.2
14.8
5.0
11.8
12.6
19.5
26.5
25.8
16.3
...
40.3
37.1
20.6

...
...
1.5
...
2.2
1.6
0.9
2.1
1.7
1.2
1.5
1.6
1.5
...
1.4
1.4
1.4

...
...
...
...
...
29.0
...
...
28.5
25.1
43.3
44.9
...
...
57.7
54.1
32.7

...
...
...
...
...
11.0
...
...
3.7
17.1
25.1
15.7
...
...
34.9
31.6
18.6

...
...
...
...
...
2.6
...
...
7.7
1.5
1.7
2.9
...
...
1.7
1.7
1.8

...Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR,
Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
a
Sources: Figures stratied by place of residence and educational level of mother were extracted from Demographic and Health Survey data using
STATcompiler software (http://www.measuredhs.com/). For surveys conducted in 2001 or earlier, gures stratied by wealth quintile were extracted
from Gwatkin et al. Initial country-level differences about socio-economic differences in health, nutrition and population. 2nd ed. Washington, DC, World
Bank, 2003; for surveys conducted after 2001, the gures were extracted from Demographic and Health Survey reports.
b
Lowest educational level achieved by mother is no education; highest level is secondary or higher.
c
Lowest educational level achieved by mother is primary.

76

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Births attended by skilled health personnela


(%)

Ratio highest
lowest

Lowest

Highest

Ratio highest
lowest

...
1.4
...
...
...
3.6
...
...
1.8
1.0
3.9
2.3
...
1.7
7.3
4.6
1.6

Highest

...
98.1
...
...
...
91.2
...
...
98.2
98.3
77.3
89.5
...
99.7
49.7
91.1
93.5

Lowest

...
67.8
...
...
...
25.1
...
...
53.4
96.8
19.7
38.6
...
58.1
6.8
19.7
56.7

Ratio urbanrural

1.3
1.2
1.1
1.4
1.6
2.2
1.0
1.7
1.3
1.0
2.4
1.8
...
1.2
3.3
2.9
1.4

Urban

Highest

95.6
93.4
94.8
85.9
95.6
86.4
98.3
87.4
87.7
98.2
80.4
83.3
...
99.0
46.9
79.0
89.4

Rural

Lowest

75.7
75.5
86.0
59.3
59.9
39.8
97.2
50.2
68.7
96.6
33.1
47.4
...
82.2
14.3
27.6
64.2

Educational level of
motherb

Ratio highest
lowest

Ratio urbanrural

...
...
2.4
...
3.2
2.1
4.2
4.6
6.2
1.2
1.6
2.2
1.0
...
1.9
1.5
1.6

Wealth quintile

Highest

Urban

...
...
21.0
...
9.4
12.0
4.0
4.9
5.4
22.3
28.9
19.1
19.2
...
29.4
36.1
22.5

Place of residence

Lowest

Rural

...
...
50.0
...
30.5
25.5
16.7
22.4
33.4
25.7
45.5
41.2
19.5
...
54.4
53.8
35.3

Educational level of
motherb

Ratio highest
lowest

Ratio lowest
highest

Wealth quintile

Highest

Place of residence

Lowest

Educational level of
motherb

Measles immunization coverage among 1-year-oldsa


(%)

78.5
59.7
67.7
52.6
43.7
36.7
91.7
54.2
51.1
92.7
21.5
39.9
...
41.6
16.4
17.3
42.8

97.1
91.4
92.2
95.5
95.9
86.8
98.1
97.1
97.6
97.3
75.8
88.6
...
93.7
62.5
77.8
85.6

1.2
1.5
1.4
1.8
2.2
2.4
1.1
1.8
1.9
1.0
3.5
2.2
...
2.3
3.8
4.5
2.0

58.1
79.3
67.1
56.3
15.7
38.2
30.5
77.1
72.7
92.0
55.3
77.7
...
80.7
33.8
83.9
75.7

78.7
85.1
62.8
69.9
35.2
58.0
35.9
91.0
82.2
81.8
68.4
89.7
...
94.3
71.9
85.5
86.2

1.4
1.1
0.9
1.2
2.2
1.5
1.2
1.2
1.1
0.9
1.2
1.2
...
1.2
2.1
1.0
1.1

...
73.5
...
...
...
34.5
...
...
63.9
92.1
49.1
65.2
...
64.4
15.7
81.2
80.2

...
84.5
...
...
...
63.2
...
...
88.9
91.8
64.5
90.9
...
97.8
72.9
88.4
85.8

...
1.1
...
...
...
1.8
...
...
1.4
1.0
1.3
1.4
...
1.5
4.6
1.1
1.1

54.0
64.0
47.0
50.3
11.2
36.5
60.0
77.0
57.0
74.1
54.1
64.6
...
49.2
37.2
79.8
69.4

90.9
85.6
73.5
84.8
37.5
63.7
37.2
93.9
89.7
87.6
69.4
89.8
...
93.1
74.2
87.2
85.2

1.7
1.3
1.6
1.7
3.3
1.7
0.6
1.2
1.6
1.2
1.3
1.4
...
1.9
2.0
1.1
1.2

Data for Children aged < 5 years stunted for age and Births attended by skilled health personnel correspond to births occurring in the 3 years
preceding the survey not 5 years.
e
Highest educational level achieved by mother is higher than secondary.
f
Lowest educational level achieved by mother is primary or secondary; highest level is higher than secondary-special.
g
Lowest educational level achieved by mother is primary or middle school; highest level is higher than secondary-special.

77

56835

83347-9473

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cte dIvoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador

WHO
region

EMR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AMR
EMR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
EUR
AMR
AFR
SEAR
AMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AFR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AFR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
AMR
AFR
EUR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
EMR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EMR
AMR

Population
a

Total fertility
ratea

Adolescent
fertility ratec

No.

Annual
growth ratea

In urban
areasb

(000s)
2005

(%)
19952005

(%)
2005

(per woman)
2005

(%)

Year

23
45
63
91
53
39
90
64
88
66
52
90
97
25
53
72
97
48
40
11
64
46
57
84
74
70
18
10
20
55
80
57
38
25
88
40
73
37
60
70
62
45
56
76
69
74
62
32
86
86
73
67
63
43
60

7.3
2.2
2.4
1.2
6.6
2.2
2.3
1.3
1.7
1.4
1.8
2.2
2.4
3.1
1.5
1.2
1.7
3.0
5.6
4.1
3.7
1.3
3.0
2.3
2.4
1.2
6.5
6.8
3.9
4.4
1.5
3.6
4.8
6.7
2.0
1.7
2.5
4.6
6.3
2.6
2.2
4.8
1.3
1.6
1.6
1.2
2.0
6.7
1.8
4.8
1.9
2.6
2.7
3.1
2.8

9.3
1.5
2.7
0.6
...
...
6.2
3.0
1.6
1.4
3.1
5.0
1.4
13.5
...
2.2
1.0
8.0
13.3
8.2
...
3.9
6.8
6.2
3.1
4.0
13.1
6.2
2.2
14.1
1.4
10.1
14.9
19.3
4.9
0.3
9.2
7.0
11.0
5.0
7.7
...
1.4
4.9
0.6
1.1
...
11.9
0.6
19.0
...
11.8
5.6
4.8
7.5

1999
2004
1999
2004

29 863
3 130
32 854
67
15 941
81
38 747
3 016
20 155
8 189
8 411
323
727
141 822
270
9 755
10 419
270
8 439
2 163
9 182
3 907
1 765
186 405
374
7 726
13 228
7 548
14 071
16 322
32 268
507
4 038
9 749
16 295
1 323 345
45 600
798
3 999
18
4 327
18 154
4 551
11 269
835
10 220
22 488
57 549
5 431
793
79
8 895
13 228
74 033
6 881

3.7
0.0
1.5
0.4
2.6
1.6
1.1
0.7
1.2
0.2
0.8
1.5
2.2
2.0
0.3
0.5
0.3
2.3
3.1
2.2
2.1
1.3
0.9
1.5
2.4
0.7
3.0
2.1
2.2
2.1
1.0
2.4
1.7
3.3
1.2
0.8
1.7
2.8
3.2
1.1
2.2
2.1
0.3
0.4
1.3
0.1
0.7
2.5
0.4
2.7
0.5
1.5
1.5
1.9
2.0

78

2001
2004
2003
2004
2004
2000
2000
2003
2004
1999
1998
1999
1999
1999
1999
1998
2000
2002
2001
1999
1999
2002
2003
1999
1999
2002
2003
2002
2003
1999
1999
2000
2003
2004
2003
2004
2004

2004
1999
2001
1998
2003
2003

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Adult
literacy rated

(%)
20002004

Net primary school


enrolment ratiod

Males (%)

Females (%)

Gross national
income
per capitae
(PPP int.$)
2005

Population living
below the poverty linef

% living on
<US$1 per day

Year

19992005
28.1
98.7
69.9
...
67.4
...
97.2
99.4
...
...
98.8
...
86.5
42.6
...
99.6
...
...
34.7
...
86.7
96.7
81.2
88.6
92.7
98.2
21.8
59.3
73.6
67.9
...
78.0
48.6
25.7
95.7
90.9
92.8
...
...
...
94.9
48.7
98.1
99.8
96.8
...
...
67.2
...
...
...
87.0
91.0
71.4
81.1

...
94
98
90
...
...
99
92
96
...
85
88
96
92
98
91
99
95
93
...
95
...
81
...
...
96
46
60
100
...
99
92
...
68
...
...
83
60
...
78
...
62
88
97
96
...
...
...
97
36
87
85
97
97
92

...
94
95
87
...
...
98
95
96
...
83
90
97
95
97
88
99
96
72
...
96
...
83
...
...
95
35
54
96
...
100
91
...
46
...
...
84
50
...
77
...
50
87
95
96
...
...
...
99
28
88
87
98
94
92

...
5 420
6 770
...
2 210
11 700
13 920
5 060
30 610
33 140
4 890
...
21 290
2 090
...
7 890
32 640
6 740
1 110
...
2 740
7 790
10 250
8 230
...
8 630
1 220
640
2 490
2 150
32 220
6 000
1 140
1 470
11 470
6 600
7 420
2 000
810
...
9 680
1 490
12 750
...
22 230
20 140
...
720
33 570
2 240
5 560
7 150
4 070
4 440
5 120

...
<2.0
...
...
...
...
7.0
<2.0
...
...
<2.0
...
...
36.0
...
<2.0
...
...
30.9
...
23.2
...
...
7.5
...
<2.0
27.2
54.6
...
17.1
...
...
...
...
<2.0
16.6
7.0
...
...
...
2.2
14.8
<2.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2.5
15.8
3.1
19.0

79

2002

2003
2003

2002

2000
2002

2003
2002

2003
2003
2003
1998
2001

2000
2001
2003

2001
2002
2001

2003
1998
19992000
2002

56835

83347-9473

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110

Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico

WHO
region

AFR
AFR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
EUR
EUR
AFR
EUR
AMR
AMR
AFR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
EUR
EUR
SEAR
SEAR
EMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AMR
WPR
EMR
EUR
AFR
WPR
EMR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EMR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
AFR
EUR
WPR
AFR
AFR
AMR

Population
a

Total fertility
ratea

Adolescent
fertility ratec

No.

Annual
growth ratea

In urban
areasb

(000s)
2005

(%)
19952005

(%)
2005

(per woman)
2005

(%)

Year

39
19
69
16
51
61
77
84
54
52
75
48
59
31
47
33
30
28
39
46
66
93
29
48
67
67
60
92
68
53
66
82
57
21
47
98
36
21
68
87
19
58
85
67
83
27
17
67
30
30
95
67
40
42
76

5.9
5.3
1.4
5.7
2.8
1.7
1.9
3.8
4.5
1.4
1.3
4.1
1.2
2.3
4.4
5.7
7.1
2.2
3.8
3.5
1.3
1.9
2.9
2.3
2.1
4.5
2.0
2.8
1.3
2.4
1.3
3.3
1.9
5.0
4.0
2.3
2.6
4.6
1.3
2.2
3.4
6.8
2.9
1.3
1.7
5.1
5.9
2.8
4.0
6.8
1.5
4.3
5.6
2.0
2.3

15.2
8.5
2.1
11.7
3.5
1.1
0.8
14.6
17.6
4.7
1.1
7.4
1.1
5.3
12.0
15.3
9.1
...
8.0
13.7
2.1
1.6
5.1
5.4
3.5
1.7
1.9
1.5
0.7
6.3
0.6
3.0
2.6
11.6
...
1.5
2.7
...
1.6
1.6
9.8
18.0
1.4
1.9
1.1
15.4
16.0
1.2
3.1
19.2
1.7
...
8.8
3.7
9.4

1999
2000
2003
1999
2002
2004
2003
1999
1999
2004
2004
2001
2003
2000
2000
2003
1999

504
4 401
1 330
77 431
848
5 249
60 496
1 384
1 517
4 474
82 689
22 113
11 120
103
12 599
9 402
1 586
751
8 528
7 205
10 098
295
1 103 371
222 781
69 515
28 807
4 148
6 725
58 093
2 651
128 085
5 703
14 825
34 256
99
2 687
5 264
5 924
2 307
3 577
1 795
3 283
5 853
3 431
465
18 606
12 884
25 347
329
13 518
402
62
3 069
1 245
107 029

2.4
3.6
0.8
2.6
1.0
0.3
0.4
2.1
3.1
1.2
0.1
2.2
0.4
0.3
2.4
2.3
2.9
0.3
1.4
2.5
0.2
1.0
1.7
1.3
1.1
2.9
1.4
2.3
0.1
0.7
0.2
2.9
0.7
2.3
2.1
4.7
1.4
2.4
0.8
1.2
0.6
4.4
2.0
0.6
1.4
2.9
2.5
2.2
2.7
2.9
0.6
2.0
2.9
1.0
1.5

80

1998
1999
2004
2003
2000
2001
2000
2000
2003
2004
2003
2004
2004
2000
2003
2001
2004
2004
2004
1999
2003
1999
2000
2004
2004
2001
2003
2000
2000
1999
2002
2001
2002
2000

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Adult
literacy rated

(%)
20002004

Net primary school


enrolment ratiod

Males (%)

Females (%)

Gross national
income
per capitae
(PPP int.$)
2005

Population living
below the poverty linef

% living on
<US$1 per day

Year

19992005
87.0
...
99.8
45.2
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
57.9
96.0
...
69.1
29.5
...
...
...
80.0
...
...
61.0
90.4
77.0
74.1
...
97.1
98.4
79.9
...
89.9
99.5
73.6
...
93.3
98.7
68.7
99.7
...
82.2
...
...
99.6
...
70.7
64.1
88.7
96.3
19.0
87.9
...
51.2
84.4
91.0

92
50
94
58
97
99
99
77
73
93
...
65
100
84
95
69
53
94
...
90
90
100
92
95
89
94
96
97
99
90
100
90
93
76
96
85
90
87
...
94
83
74
...
90
91
89
93
93
89
50
94
90
75
94
98

78
42
94
55
96
99
99
77
77
92
...
65
99
84
91
58
37
92
...
92
88
97
87
93
88
81
96
98
99
91
100
92
92
77
98
87
90
82
...
93
88
58
...
89
91
89
98
93
90
43
94
89
74
95
98

7 580
1 010
15 420
1 000
5 960
31 170
30 540
5 890
1 920
3 270
29 210
2 370
23 620
7 260
4 410
2 240
700
4 230
1 840
2 900
16 940
34 760
3 460
3 720
8 050
...
34 720
25 280
28 840
4 110
31 410
5 280
7 730
1 170
...
24 010
1 870
2 020
13 480
5 740
3 410
...
...
14 220
65 340
880
650
10 320
...
1 000
18 960
...
2 150
12 450
10 030

...
...
<2.0
23.0
...
...
...
...
59.3
6.5
...
44.8
...
...
13.5
...
...
...
53.9
20.7
<2.0
...
34.7
7.5
<2.0
...
...
...
...
<2.0
...
<2.0
<2.0
...
...
...
<2.0
27.0
<2.0
...
...
...
...
<2.0
...
61.0
...
...
...
...
...
...
25.9
...
4.5

81

2003
19992000

1998
2003
19981999

2002

2001
1999
2002
19992000
2002
1998

2000
20022003
2003

2003
2002
2003

2003
2001

2000
2002

56835

83347-9473

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165

Micronesia (Federated States of)


Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Republic of Korea
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland

WHO
region

WPR
EUR
WPR
EUR
EMR
AFR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
SEAR
EUR
WPR
AMR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EMR
EMR
WPR
AMR
WPR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EMR
WPR
EUR
EUR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
AMR
WPR
EUR
AFR
EMR
AFR
EUR
AFR
AFR
WPR
EUR
EUR
WPR
EMR
AFR
EUR
SEAR
EMR
AMR
AFR

Population
a

Total fertility
ratea

Adolescent
fertility ratec

No.

Annual
growth ratea

In urban
areasb

(000s)
2005

(%)
19952005

(%)
2005

(per woman)
2005

(%)

22
100
57
...
59
35
31
35
100
16
80
86
59
17
48
37
77
71
35
70
71
13
58
73
63
62
58
95
81
47
54
73
19
32
28
46
22
97
58
81
42
...
53
41
100
56
51
17
35
59
77
15
41
74
24

4.3
1.8
2.3
1.8
2.7
5.3
2.2
3.7
3.8
3.5
1.7
2.0
3.1
7.7
5.6
2.8
1.8
3.4
4.0
1.8
2.6
3.8
3.7
2.7
3.0
1.2
1.5
2.9
1.2
1.2
1.3
1.4
5.5
2.3
2.2
2.2
4.2
1.3
3.8
3.8
4.8
1.8
2.1
6.5
1.3
1.2
1.2
4.1
6.2
2.7
1.3
1.9
4.2
2.5
3.7

...
...
2.8
...
3.5
18.5
2.9
9.8
6.2
11.6
0.7
2.7
9.8
20.7
12.6
...
0.8
3.6
5.4
...
8.4
6.7
6.5
5.9
5.5
1.4
1.9
1.9
0.2
2.9
3.3
2.8
3.6
6.4
6.6
7.1
2.5
0.6
...
1.5
10.3
...
1.7
16.2
0.7
2.1
0.6
7.5
5.5
6.5
1.0
1.5
9.2
6.2
6.3

110
35
2 646
608
31 478
19 792
50 519
2 031
14
27 133
16 299
4 028
5 487
13 957
131 530
1
4 620
2 567
157 935
20
3 232
5 887
6 158
27 968
83 054
38 530
10 495
813
47 817
4 206
21 711
143 202
9 038
43
161
119
185
28
157
24 573
11 658
9 863
81
5 525
4 326
5 401
1 967
478
8 228
47 432
43 064
20 743
36 233
449
1 032

0.3
1.1
1.0
0.2
1.5
2.2
1.3
2.1
2.4
2.3
0.5
1.0
2.1
3.5
2.4
2.1
0.6
1.7
2.3
1.4
1.9
2.3
2.5
1.6
2.0
0.0
0.5
4.5
0.6
0.3
0.4
0.3
5.2
0.6
0.8
0.5
1.0
0.9
2.1
2.8
2.5
0.3
0.7
2.9
2.2
0.1
0.0
2.8
2.7
1.2
0.8
0.9
2.1
0.8
0.8

82

Year

2000
2002
2001
1999
1999
2000
2000
2003
2004
2000
1999
2002
2004
1999
1999
2002
2000
2003
2002
2001
2004
2004
2004
2004
2003
2003
2004
1999
2000
2001
2000
2000
2003
2004
2002
1999
1999
2004
2002
2003
2000
1999
2001
2002
1999
1999
2003
1999

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Adult
literacy rated

(%)
20002004

Net primary school


enrolment ratiod

Males (%)

Females (%)

Gross national
income
per capitae
(PPP int.$)
2005

Population living
below the poverty linef

% living on
<US$1 per day

Year

19992005
...
...
97.8
...
52.3
...
89.9
85.0
...
48.6
...
...
76.7
28.7
...
...
...
81.4
49.9
...
91.9
57.3
...
87.7
92.6
...
...
89.0
...
98.4
97.3
99.4
64.9
...
...
...
98.8
...
...
79.4
39.3
...
91.8
35.1
92.5
...
99.7
...
...
82.4
...
90.7
60.9
89.6
79.6

...
...
84
...
89
75
89
71
...
83
99
99
89
46
64
99
99
77
76
98
98
...
...
97
93
97
99
95
100
86
92
91
72
91
99
95
90
...
98
62
68
...
96
...
...
...
98
65
...
88
100
99
47
90
76

...
...
84
...
83
67
91
76
...
73
98
99
87
32
57
98
99
79
56
94
98
...
...
97
95
98
98
94
99
86
92
92
75
98
96
92
91
...
98
56
64
...
97
...
...
...
98
62
...
89
99
98
39
96
77

...
...
2 190
...
4 360
1 270
...
7 910
...
1 530
32 480
23 030
3 650
800
1 040
...
40 420
14 680
2 350
...
7 310
2 370
4 970
5 830
5 300
13 490
19 730
...
21 850
2 150
8 940
10 640
1 320
12 500
5 980
6 460
6 480
...
...
14 740
1 770
...
15 940
780
29 780
15 760
22 160
1 880
...
12 120
25 820
4 520
2 000
...
5 190

...
...
27.0
...
<2.0
...
...
...
...
24.1
...
...
45.1
...
70.8
...
...
...
17.0
...
6.5
...
16.4
12.5
15.5
<2.0
...
...
<2.0
22.0
<2.0
<2.0
51.7
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
<2.0
...
...
10.7
...
5.6
...
...
...

83

1998
1999

20032004

2001
2003

2002
2002
2002
2002
2000
2002

1998
2001
2003
2002
19992000

1998

2000
2002

56835

83347-9473

Demographic and socioeconomic statistics

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the ofcial statistics of Member States, which may use
alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194

Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Republic of Tanzania
United States of America
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
The former state union of Serbia
and Montenegrog

WHO
region

Population
a

Total fertility
ratea

Adolescent
fertility ratec

No.

Annual
growth ratea

In urban
areasb

(000s)
2005

(%)
19952005

(%)
2005

(per woman)
2005

(%)

Year

2002
2002
1999
1999
2000
2004

EUR
EUR
EMR
EUR
SEAR
EUR
SEAR
AFR
WPR
AMR
EMR
EUR
EUR
WPR
AFR
EUR
EMR
EUR
AFR
AMR
AMR
EUR
WPR
AMR
WPR
EMR
AFR
AFR
EUR

9 041
7 252
19 043
6 507
64 233
2 034
947
6 145
102
1 305
10 102
73 193
4 833
10
28 816
46 481
4 496
59 668
38 329
298 213
3 463
26 593
211
26 749
84 238
20 975
11 668
13 010
...

0.2
0.4
2.6
1.2
1.0
0.4
1.1
3.1
0.5
0.4
1.2
1.6
1.4
0.6
3.3
1.0
6.3
0.3
2.2
1.0
0.7
1.5
2.1
1.9
1.4
3.3
2.0
1.0
...

84
75
51
25
32
69
26
40
24
12
65
67
46
48
13
68
77
90
24
81
92
37
23
93
26
27
35
36
52

1.7
1.4
3.3
3.6
1.9
1.5
7.8
5.1
3.3
1.6
1.9
2.4
2.6
3.6
7.1
1.1
2.4
1.7
4.8
2.0
2.3
2.6
3.9
2.6
2.2
5.9
5.4
3.4
...

0.7
0.5
6.0
5.6
3.5
2.3
...
9.1
...
...
1.3
5.6
2.3
...
20.7
2.9
4.4
2.7
13.9
4.3
6.4
4.0
4.2
8.1
2.5
7.7
16.1
1.1
2.4

AFR
AMR
SEAR
EUR
EMR
WPR

738 083
886 334
1 656 529
893 200
538 001
1 751 457
6 463 605

2.4
1.3
1.6
0.2
2.2
0.9
1.3

36
79
31
69
48
45
49

5.2
2.3
2.8
1.6
3.7
1.8
2.6

11.9
6.5
5.9
2.5
4.9
0.8
5.0

1999

1999
2000
1999
1999
2003
1999
2002
2003
2002
2002
2001
2000
2002
2000
1999
2000
1999
2003

Region
African Region
Region of the Americas
South-East Asia Region
European Region
Eastern Mediterranean Region
Western Pacic Region
Global

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR,
Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacic Region.
The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions.
a
World population prospects: the 2004 revision [CD-ROM extended data set]. New York, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs,
United Nations Secretariat, 2005 (No. E.05.XIII.12).
b
World urbanization prospects: the 2005 revision [CD-ROM edition] New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population
Division, 2006 (POP/DB/WUP/Rev.2005).
c
World fertility data 2006 [wall chart], New York, Population Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Secretariat, 2006
(POP/DB/Fert/Rev.2006).

84

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007

Adult
literacy rated

(%)
20002004

Net primary school


enrolment ratiod

Males (%)

Females (%)

Gross national
income
per capitae
(PPP int.$)
2005

Population living
below the poverty linef

% living on
<US$1 per day

Year

19992005
...
...
79.6
99.5
92.6
96.1
...
53.2
98.9
98.8
74.3
87.4
98.8
...
66.8
99.4
...
...
69.4
...
98.0
...
74.0
93.0
90.3
53.0
68.0
...
96.4

99
94
97
99
...
92
...
85
92
92
97
92
...
...
...
82
72
99
92
94
...
...
95
92
97
87
80
81
96

98
94
92
94
...
92
...
72
89
92
98
87
...
...
...
82
70
99
91
90
...
...
93
92
91
63
80
82
96

31 420
37 080
3 740
1 260
8 440
7 080
...
1 550
8 040
13 170
7 900
8 420
...
...
1 500
6 720
24 090
32 690
730
41 950
9 810
2 020
3 170
6 440
3 010
920
950
1 940
...

...
...
...
7.4
<2.0
<2.0
...
...
...
...
<2.0
3.4
...
...
...
<2.0
...
...
57.8
...
<2.0
...
...
8.3
...
15.7
75.8
...
...

...
...
...
...
...
...
82.2

75
...
93
95
84
...
...

72
...
89
94
75
...
...

2 231
20 611
3 557
18 887
4 956
8 951
9 420

...
...
...
...
...
...
...

2003
2002
2003

2000
2003

2003

20002001
2003

2000
1998
20022003

UNESCO Institute for Statistics Database. Database access [online database]. Montreal, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2007 (http://stats.uis.unesco.
org, accessed 1 March 2007).
e
PPP int.$, purchasing power parity at international dollar rate. Source: GNI per capita 2005, atlas method and PPP. Quick reference tables.
Washington, DC, World Bank, 2006 (http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DATASTATISTICS/Resources/GNIPC.pdf, accessed 1 March 2007).
f
World development indicators 2006. Washington, DC, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank, 2006 (http://devdata.
worldbank.org/wdi2006).
g
See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.

85

86

56835
83347-9473

2007

World Health Statistics 2007 has been collated from


publications and databases produced by WHOs
technical programmes and regional offices. The core
set of indicators was selected on the basis of their
relevance to global health, the availability and quality
of the data, and the accuracy and comparability
of estimates. The statistics for the indicators are
derived from an interactive process of data collection,
compilation, quality assessment and estimation
occurring among WHOs technical programmes and
its Member States. During this process, WHO strives
to maximize the accessibility, accuracy, comparability
and transparency of health statistics.

ISBN 978 92 4 156340 6

9 789241 563406

gn

ta

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS

World Health Statistics 2007 presents the most recent


health statistics for WHOs 193 Member States. This
third edition includes a section highlighting 10 of the
most important global health statistics for the past
year as well as an expanded set of 50 health statistics.

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WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS


2007