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SUMMARY OF THE REPORT OF THE KP REVIEW VISIT TO ZIMBABWE (29 May 01 June 2007) The Kimberley Process review

w visit to Zimbabwe took place on 29 May 01 June, 2007. It was the first one of the second round review visits to the participating states as decided by the KP Plenary Meeting in Gaborone. Subsequently, the team conducted its review under the terms of the KPCS Administrative Decision of 30 October 2003, with the appropriate amendments adopted by Gaborone Plenary Meeting, November 2006. The team consisted of representatives of Russia (team leader), Norway, South Africa, World Diamond Council, and Partnership Africa-Canada for Civil Society. During the visit the team met with, and conducted inspection of government agencies controlling and coordinating the implementation by Zimbabwe of the KPCS. These included Ministry of Mines and Mining Development (MMMD), Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (ZIMRA), Minerals and Marketing Corporation of Zimbabwe (MMCZ), Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC), Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, Republic of Zimbabwe Police (Minerals Unit). Extra meetings were held, where appropriate, with representatives of international organizations in varying manner related to the KP issues in Zimbabwe, as well as with internal trade union and other structures. The team also made inspection visits to the diamond producing areas. In particular, the team visited Murowa Diamonds in Zvishavane; River Ranch Diamond Mine in Beitbridge; and Marange Diamond Prospect in Mutare area. During those visits the team members reviewed the process of controlling the production of diamonds starting from extraction of the stones to the point of their sorting, storing, and/or transportation to MMCZ Headquarters in Harare for subsequent export. Opportunities were presented by the authorities of the mines, at the request of the team, to inspect run of mine on of the sites for purposes of designing foot prints of Zimbabwean diamonds. An audit was conducted of Kimberley Process Certificates in the MMMD/MMCZ which keep the overall statistics and records of all diamond exports in Zimbabwe. It should be noted that the KP review visit to Zimbabwe was taking place at the time of wide spread allegations of massive smuggling of rough diamonds from the country, both from already established diamond producing areas, and from newly discovered ones. These allegations were exacerbated by the continued legal disputes between various private entities for the property rights on the diamond deposits in Zimbabwe. Those rivaling entities have made attempts to have the team involved in whatever manner in resolving those disputes. The team has also taken note of the fact that the first KP Review Visit to Zimbabwe conducted in 2004, was taking place at the time when the national system for the implementation of the KP Certification Scheme was already in place, as found by the review at the time, but there was yet no diamond production in the country and, subsequently, no exports and imports of rough diamonds to/from Zimbabwe. Against this background, the team relied strongly on the prerequisites of the terms of reference of the KP review visits, and carefully avoided all the attempts to have it involved in resolving those rivalries. The team has made its views absolutely clear both to the representatives of the Government of Zimbabwe, and to the contesting entities.

2 The team reviewed the Institutional and Legal Frameworks of the diamond industry in Zimbabwe, Export and Import regimes, systems of Internal Controls already in accordance with the amendments introduced into this section of the terms of reference by the Gaborone Plenary Meeting of the KP. Similarly, inspections were made of the diamond production entities in the places of visit, and of the overall functioning of the diamond industry in what might be achieved in a brief review visit, including paper trail of exports and checking the statistical data. The team has had and opportunity to witness that indeed, the situation with illegal diamond production by panners in the area of Marange had been extremely difficult in the second half of 2006. Whereas through a dedicated and comprehensive effort, the Government of Zimbabwe has managed to bring that situation under control in the first half of 2007, and has started organized Government controlled mining for diamonds there. Similarly, the team has not found substantiated proof to allegations of illegal smuggling of diamonds from the River Ranch area with the help of UNDP vehicles. It is the view of the review team that the overall structure of the implementation of the KP Certification Scheme appears to be working in a satisfactory manner in Zimbabwe, and, in general, meets the minimum requirements of the KPCS. The recommendations made by the first Review Visit Team in September 2004 have, in general, been duly fulfilled by the Government of Zimbabwe. The team has made several recommendations to the Government of Zimbabwe seeking to further its efforts aimed at consolidating security situation in the diamond producing areas, and at ensuring the overall control of the diamond industry. Recommendations were also made with regard to perfecting the legal system in the country related to the diamond sector in terms of making it more transparent and concise.