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DBMS A database management system (DBMS) is a software package with computer programs that controls the creation, maintenance,

and use of a database. It allows organizations to conveniently develop databases for various applications. A database is an integrated collection of data records, files, and other objects. A DBMS allows different user application programs to concurrently access the same database. DBMSs may use a variety of database models, such as the relational model or object model, to conveniently describe and support applications. It typically supports query languages, which are in fact high-level programming languages, dedicated database languages that considerably simplify writing database application programs. Database languages also simplify the database organization as well as retrieving and presenting information from it. A DBMS provides facilities for controlling data access, enforcing data integrity, managing concurrency control, and recovering the database after failures and restoring it from backup files, as well as maintaining database security.

. What are the advantages of DBMS? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Redundancy is controlled. Unauthorised access is restricted. Providing multiple user interfaces. Enforcing integrity constraints. Providing backup and recovery.

5. What are the disadvantage in File Processing System? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Data redundancy and inconsistency. Difficult in accessing data. Data isolation. Data integrity. Concurrent access is not possible. Security Problems.

What is the Difference between DBMS and RDBMS?

A DBMS has to be persistent, that is it should be accessible when the program created the data ceases to exist or even the application that created the data restarted. A DBMS also has to provide some uniform methods independent of a specific application for accessing the information that is stored. RDBMS is a Relational Data Base Management System Relational DBMS. This adds the additional condition that the system supports a tabular structure for the data, with enforced relationships between the tables. This excludes the databases that don't support a tabular structure or don't enforce relationships between tables.

DBMS stands for Database Management System which is a general term for a set of software dedicated to controlling the storage of data.

DBMS:1)In dbms no relationship concept 2)It supports Single User only 3)It treats Data as Files internally 4)It supports 3 rules of E.F.CODD out off 12 rules 5)It requires low Software and Hardware Requirements. 6)FoxPro, IMS are Examples RDBMS: 1)It is used to establish the relationship concept between two database objects, i.e, tables 2)It supports multiple users 3)It treats data as Tables internally 4)It supports minimum 6 rules of E.F.CODD 5)It requires High software and hardware requirements. 6)SQL-Server, Oracle are examples DBMS DBMS is defined as the software program that is used to manage all the databases that are stored on the network or system hard disk. There are different types of database management systems and some of them are configured for specific purposes. DBMS is available in different forms as a tool that is used to manage databases. Some popular DBMS solutions include DB2, Oracle, FileMaker and Microsoft Access. Using these products, privileges or rights can be created that can be specific to particular users. It means that the administrators of the database can grant specific rights to some users or assign different levels of administration. Every DBMS has some fundamental elements. First is the implementation of the modeling language which defines the language used for each database. Second, DBMS also administers the data structures. Data query language is the third element of a DBMS. Data structures work with data query language in order to make sure that irrelevant data cannot be entered into the database used in the system. RDBMS The database system in which the relationships among different tables are maintained is called Relational Database Management System. Both RDBMS and DBMS are used to store information in physical database. RDBMS solution is required when large amounts of data are to be stored as well as maintained. A relational data model consists of indexes, keys, foreign keys, tables and their relationships

with other tables. Relational DBMS enforces the rules even though foreign keys are support by both RDBMS and DBMS.

Difference between DBMS and RDBMS1. Main difference between the DBMS and RDBMS is we can establish the relation between the tables in case of DBMS we cannot establish relation between tables. 2. Another difference between dbms and rdbms is that RDBMS follows relational data model where as dbms can follow even network, hierarchical or other data model. 3. The relational model is based on set theory ,its accuracy and usefulness have a basis in mathematics. 4. In RDBMS, if we open the Database, the whole tables can be accessable, where in DBMS, we need to open each and every table whenever we want to use. 5. RDBMS allows the data to be queried based on any column in any table not need to create an index or keys in order to query data.So, relational data is easier to query than hierarchical, CODASYL, or some other model.