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AS 36951992

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Australian Standard
WheelchairsProduct requirements
[Title allocated by Defence Cataloguing Authority: WHEELCHAIRS FOLDING, NON-FOLDING]

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee ME/67, Mobility Appliances for People with Disabilities. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 18 1992 and published on 10 August 1992.

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The following interests are represented on Committee ME/67: ACROD Attorney-Generals Department Australian Association of Occupational Therapists Commercial Vehicle Industry Association of Australia Confederation of Australian Industry Crippled Childrens Association of South Australia Department of Health, New South Wales Department of Health, Queensland Department of the Premier and Cabinet, South Australia Department of Veterans Affairs Disability Advisory Council of Australia Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries Flinders University of South Australia Health Department, Victoria Institution of Engineers, Australia Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia National Committee Independent Living Centres Paraplegic and Quadriplegic Association of New South Wales Paraplegic and Quadriplegic Association of Victoria Royal North Shore Hospital Royal Perth Hospital Technical Aid to Disabled University of Adelaide University of Canberra University of Melbourne WorkCover Authority, New South Wales Additional interest participating in preparation of Standard: Paraplegic and Quadriplegic Association of South Australia

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edition, and any amendments thereto. Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australian Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards Australia, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 90093.

AS 36951992

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Australian Standard
WheelchairsProduct requirements

First published as AS 36951992. Incorporating: Amdt 11998

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 7589 1

AS 36951992

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee on Mobility Appliances for People with Disabilities. The preparation of this Standard has been concomitant with the development by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) of standard test methods for wheelchairs, and their adoption as Australian Standards. Involvement in the preparation of International Standards for wheelchairs commenced in 1981, through a group set up under the direction of the former Medical Standards Board Executive which monitored and submitted comment on documents issued by ISO/TC 173, Technical Aids for Disabled Persons, Active participation in the ISO work commenced in 1987 when the Committee on Mobility Appliances for People with Disabilities was constituted and a Subcommittee was set up to prepare Australian Standards for wheelchairs. At the same time the Regency Park Centre for Young Disabled, South Australia, set up a laboratory and a program of testing wheelchairs to the draft ISO Standards. The work carried out at the Rehabilitation Engineering Division at the Centre has enabled the Committee to make a useful contribution to the preparation of wheelchair test methods at the international level. These methods, as and when thought fit, are being adopted as Australian Standards, and they have been called up in this Standard which sets acceptable performance levels for Australian conditions. The Standard requires the manufacturer to provide a specification disclosing information about the performance of the wheelchair as tested in the most onerous configuration of the range of optional features offered. Dimensional information to be supplied is required to be the dimensions of the actual wheelchair or wheelchairs tested. There are some aspects of wheelchair performance not covered by this Standard that have been identified as needing some specified levels of performance to be test. Aspects such as operating noise, performance on a transverse slope, driving wheel contact with an uneven surface, concerning and ground clearance tests for three-wheeled electric wheelchairs and requirements for the desensitizing of wheelchair controls to interference by radio frequency transmissions have been identified as requiring ongoing work by the committee. No particular sequence in which tests specified in this Standard are to be carried out has been determined, but a test sequence will be considered if this shown to be of significant importance.

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Copyright STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia publications and software. Except where the Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system in any form or transmitted by any means without prior permission in writing from Standards Australia. Permission may be conditional on an appropriate royalty payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial software royalties should be directed to the head office of Standards Australia. Standards Australia will permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia. Standards Australia will also permit the inclusion of its copyright material in computer software programs for no royalty payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified. The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia at any time.

AS 36951992

CONTENTS
Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . REFERENCED DOCUMENTS . . . . DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MATERIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION . . PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INFORMATIVE LABELLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 7

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APPENDIX A INFORMATION TO BE DISCLOSED IN MANUFACTURERS SPECIFICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

AS 36951992

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Australian Standard WheelchairsProduct requirements

1 SCOPE This Standard specifies requirements for wheelchairs which are either manually operated or electrically powered.
NOTE: Electrically powered three-wheeled wheelchairs are included. A future revision may have additional requirements which apply only to those vehicles.

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2 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS The following documents are referred to in this Standard: AS 1192 Electroplated coatingsNickel and chromium 1449 Wrought alloy steelsStainless and heat-resisting steel plate, sheet and strip 1956 Anodic oxidation coatings on aluminium for decorative and automotive applications 2142 Reflectors for pedal bicycles 3693 WheelchairsNomenclature, terms and definitions 3696 Wheelchairs 3696.1 Part 1: Determination of static stability 3696.2 Part 2: Determination of dynamic stability of electric wheelchairs 3696.3 Part 3: Determination of efficiency of brakes 3696.4 Part 4: Determination of energy consumption of electric wheelchairs 3696.5 Part 5: Determination of overall dimensions, mass and turning space 3696.6 Part 6: Determination of maximum speed, acceleration and retardation of electric wheelchairs 3696.8(Int) Part 8: Static, impact and fatigue strength tests 3696.9 Part 9: Climatic tests for electric wheelchairs 3696.10 Part 10: Obstacle-climbing ability of electric wheelchairs 3696.14(Int) Part 14: Power and controlsElectric wheelchairs 3744 FurnitureAssessment of the ignitability of upholstered furniture 3744.1 Part 1: Ignition sourceSmouldering cigarette ISO/DIS 7176 Wheelchairs 7176-7 Part 7: Seating dimensions 3 DEFINITIONS For the purpose of this Standard the definitions given in AS 3693 and those below apply. 3.1 Wheelchaira chair with three or more wheels intended for use by people with disabilities. 3.2 Service manuala technical reference manual normally provided by a manufacturer to a qualified service facility for purposes of facilitating on-site repairs and maintenance. 3.3 Users manualinformation provided with the wheelchair to inform the user about the assembly, operation, maintenance, repair and warranty aspects of the wheelchair. 3.4 Shallindicates that a statement is mandatory. 3.5 Shouldindicates a recommendation. 3.6 Mayindicates the existence of an option. 4 MATERIALS 4.1 Corrosion All metal parts, including springs, nuts, bolts and washers, shall either be made of corrosion-resistant material or be protected against corrosion. 4.2 Surface finishes 4.2.1 Stainless steel The surface finish of uncoated stainless steel shall comply with the requirements for Finish No. 4 of AS 1449. 4.2.2. Electroplated coatings of nickel and chromium Nickel and chromium electroplating shall comply with the requirements for Service Condition No. 3 (Severe) specified in AS 1192. 4.2.3 Anodized finish Anodized aluminium frames shall be anodized in accordance with the requirements for Grade 4 (minimum average thickness 10 m) specified in AS 1956.

COPYRIGHT

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AS 3695-1992, Wheelchairs - Product requirements


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