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AS 4116—1993

ISO/IEC 10994:1992

Australian Standard
This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Information processing systems—


Data interchange on 90 mm flexible
disk cartridges using modified
frequency modulation recording at
31 831 ftprad on 80 tracks on each
side—ISO type 303
[ISO/IEC title: Information technology—Data interchange on
90 mm flexible disk cartridges using modified frequency
modulation recording at 31 831 ftprad on 80 tracks on each
side—ISO Type 303]
This Australia Standard was prepared by Committee IT/10, Information Systems—
Equipment. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on
4 March 1993 and published on 17 May 1993.

The following interests are represented on Committee IT/10:


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Australian Bankers’ Association


Australian Information Industry Association
Data media manufacturers
Interface developers
La Trobe University

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are subject
to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is
important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest editi on, and any
amendments thereto.
Full detail s of all Australi an Standards and related publications wil l be found in the Standards Australia
Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The Australi an
Standard’, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editi ons
and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards.
Suggesti ons for improvements to Australi an Standards, addressed to the head off ice of Standards Australia,
are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australi an Standard should be made
without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.
AS 4116—1993

Australian Standard
This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Information processing systems—


Data interchange on 90 mm flexible
disk cartridges using modified
frequency modulation recording at
31 831 ftprad on 80 tracks on each
side—ISO type 303

First publi shed as AS 4116—1993.

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


(STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA)
1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 8113 1
2

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee on Information Systems—Equipment.
It is identical with, and has been reproduced from, ISO/IEC 10994:1992, Information technology—Data
interchange on 90 mm flexible disk cartridges using modified frequency modulation recording at 31 831
ftprad on 80 tracks on each side—ISO Type 303.
Under arrangements made between Standards Australia and the international Standards bodies, ISO
and IEC, as well as certain other Standards organizations, users of this Standard are advised of the
following:
(a) Copyright is vested in Standards Australia.
(b) The number of this Standard in not reproduced on each page; its identity is shown only on the cover
and title pages.
For the purpose of this Standard, the ISO/IEC text should be modified as follows:
(i) Terminology The words ‘Australian Standard’, should replace the words ‘International Standard’
wherever they appear.
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(ii) References The references to International Standards should be replaced by references to the
following Australian Standards:
Reference to International Australian Standard
Standard or other Publications
ISO AS
683 Heat-treatable steels, —
alloy steels and free-
cutting steels
683-13 Part 13: Wrought stainless
steels
8860 Information processing— 3631 Information processing
Data interchange on 90 mm systems—Data interchange
(3.5 in) flexible disk on 90 mm flexible disk
cartridges using modified cartridge using modified
frequency modulation frequency modulation
recording at 7 958 ftprad recording at 7958 ftprad on
on 80 tracks on each side 80 tracks on each side
8860-1 Part 1: Dimensional, 3631.1 Part 1: Dimensional,
physical and physical
magnetic and magnetic
characteristics characteristics
8860-2 Part 2: Track format 3631.2 Part 2: Track format
9293 Information processing— 3714 Data storage and transfer
Volume and file structure media—Volume and file
of flexible disk cartridges structure of flexible disk
for information interchange cartridges (diskettes)
for information interchange
9529 Information processing 3712 Data storage and transfer
systems—Data interchange media—Data interchange on
on 90 mm (3,5 in ) flexible 90 mm diskettes using
disk cartridges using modified frequency
modified frequency modulation recording at
modulation recording at 15 916 ftprad on 80 tracks
15 916 ftprad, on 80 tracks on each side
on each side
3

9529-1 Part 1: Dimensional, 3712.1 Part 1: Dimensional,


physical and magnetic physical and magnetic
characteristics characteristics
9529-2 Part 2: Track format 3712.2 Part 2: Track format
ISO/IEC 3739 Data storage and transfer
9983 Information processing media—Designation of unrecorded
systems—Designation of diskettes
unrecorded flexible disk
cartridges
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 Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the
Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be
reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om
Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on
commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a.
Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use
exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia.
Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y
payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs.
Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the
Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied.
The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in
commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.
4

CONTENTS
Page
Section 1 - General
1 Scope 7
2 Conformance 7
3 Normative references 7
4 Definitions 8
4.1 Average Signal Amplitude 8
4.2 case 8
4.3 direction of rotation 8
4.4 disk 8
4.5 eraseability 8
4.6 formatting 8
4.7 hub 8
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4.8 in-contact 8
4.9 Index 8
4.10 initialization 8
4.11 line of access 8
4.12 liner 8
4.13 Master Standard Reference Flexible Disk Cartridge 8
4.14 Reference Erase Field 8
4.15 Reference field 8
4.16 Secondary Standard Reference Flexible Disk Cartridge 8
4.17 shutter 9
4.18 side 9
4.19 Standard Reference Amplitude 9
4.20 Test Erase Current 9
4.21 Test Recording Current 9
4.22 Typical Field 9
5 General description 9
5.1 Drawings 9
5.2 Main elements 9
5.3 Description 9
Section 2 - Environments, mechanical and physical characteristics
6 General requirements 10
6.1 Environment and transportation 10
6.1.1 Testing environment 10
6.1.2 Operating environment 10
6.1.3 Storage environment 10
6.1.4 Transportation 10
6.2 Materials 11
6.2.1 Case 11
6.2.2 Liner 11
6.2.3 Disk 11
6.2.4 Hub 11
5

Page

7 Dimensional characteristics 11
7.1 Case 11
7.1.1 Shape 11
7.1.2 Thickness 11
7.1.3 Hub access hole 12
7.1.4 Locating holes 12
7.1.5 Label area 12
7.1.6 Head windows 13
7.1.7 Write-inhibit hole 13
7.1.8 Identification hole 13
7.1.9 Profile of the shutter edge of the case 14
7.1.10 Shutter 14
7.2 Liner 14
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7.3 Disk 15
7.3.1 Diameter 15
7.3.2 Thickness 15
7.4 Hub 15
7.4.1 Dimensions 15
7.4.2 Hub orientation holes 15
7.5 Optional handling notches 16
7.6 Interface between cartridge and drive 16
7.7 Compliance 16
8 Physical characteristics 17
8.1 Flammability 17
8.2 Coefficient of linear thermal expansion of the disk 17
8.3 Coefficient of linear hygroscopic expansion of the disk 17
8.4 Torque 17
8.4.1 Starting torque 17
8.4.2 Running torque without heads loaded 17
Section 3 - Unrecorded flexible disk cartridge
9 Magnetic characteristics 17
9.1 Recording area 17
9.2 Track geometry 17
9.2.1 Number of tracks 17
9.2.2 Width of tracks 17
9.2.3 Track location 17
9.2.4 Track number 18
9.3 Functional testing 18
9.3.1 Surface tests 18
9.3.2 Track quality tests 19
9.3.3 Rejection criterion 20
Section 4 - Recording method and track format
10 General requirements 20
10.1 Mode of recording 20
10.2 Track location tolerance of the recorded flexible disk cartridge 20
10.3 Recording off set angle 20
10.4 Density of recording 21
10.5 Flux transition spacing 21
10.6 Average Signal Amplitude 22
10.7 Byte 22
10.8 Sector 22
10.9 Cylinder 22
6

Page

10.10 Cylinder number 22


10.11 Data capacity of a track 22
10.12 Hexadecimal notation 22
10.13 Error Detection Character (EDC) 23
11 Track layout 23
11.1 Index Gap 23
11.2 Sector Identifier 23
11.2.1 Identifier Mark 23
11.2.2 Address Identifier 24
11.3 Identifier Gap 24
11.4 Data Block 24
11.4.1 Data Mark 25
11.4.2 Data Field 25
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11.4.3 EDC 25
11.5 Data Block Gap 25
11.6 Track Gap 25
12 Coded representation of data 25
12.1 Byte coding 25
12.2 Bit coding 26

Annexes

A - Test for compliance 32

B - Measurement of light transmittance 34

C - Method for measuring the effective track width 37

D - Procedure and equipment for measuring flux transition spacing 38

E - Data separators for decoding MFM recording 40

F - EDC implementation 41

G - Cartridge distortion test gauge 42

H - Method for measuring peak shift 43

J - Head and read amplifier for functional testing 47

K - Procedure for determining test recording current and test erase current 49
7

Information processing systems—Data


interchange on 90 mm flexible disk
cartridges using modified frequency
modulation recording at 31 831 ftprad
on 80 tracks on each side—ISO type 303

Section 1 - General
1 Scope
This International Standard specifies the characteristics of 90 mm flexible disk cartridges recorded at
This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

31 831 ftprad using modified frequency modulation recording, on 80 tracks on each side. Such flexible disk
cartridges are identified as ISO Type 303.

It specifies the mechanical, physical and magnetic characteristics of the cartridge, so as to provide physical inter-
changeability between data processing systems.

It also specifies the method of recording, the quality of the recorded signals, the track layout and the track format.

Together with ISO 9293, this International Standard provides for full data interchange between data processing
systems.

2 Conformance

A 90 mm flexible disk cartridge is in conformance with this International Standard if it meets all mandatory
requirements specified herein.

3 Normative references

The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this
International Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to
revision, and parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the
possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below. Members of IEC and ISO
maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.

ISO 683-13:1986 - Heat-treatable steels, alloy steels and free-cutting steels - Part: 13: Wrought stainless steels

ISO 8860-1:1987 - Information processing - Data interchange on 90 mm (3.5 in) flexible disk cartridges using
modified frequency modulation recording at 7 958 ftprad on 80 tracks on each side - Part 1: Dimensional,
physical and magnetic characteristics

ISO 8860-2:1987 - Information processing - Data interchange on 90 mm (3,5 in) flexible disk cartridges using
modified frequency modulation recording at 7 958 ftprad on 80 tracks on each side - Part 2: Track format

ISO 9293:1987 - Information processing - Volume and file structure of flexible disk cartridges for information
interchange

ISO 9529-1:1989 - Information processing systems - Data interchange on 90 mm (3,5 in) flexible disk cartridges
using modified frequency modulation recording at 15 916 ftprad, on 80 tracks on each side - Part 1:
Dimensional, physical and magnetic characteristics

ISO 9529-2:1989 - Information processing systems - Data interchange on 90 mm (3,5 in) flexible disk cartridges
using modified frequency modulation recording at 15 916 ftprad, on 80 tracks on each side - Part 2: Track format

ISO/IEC 9983:1989 - Information processing systems - Designation of unrecorded flexible disk cartridges.

COPYRIGHT
This is a free preview. Purchase the entire publication at the link below:

AS 4116-1993, Information processing systems -


Data interchange on 90 mm flexible disk cartridges
using modified frequency modulation recording at
This is a free 9 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

31 831 ftprad on 80 tracks on each side - ISO Type


303

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