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HEAT LOAD ESTIMATION FOR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM SYSTEM

Equivalent Temperature Difference for Wall for 0 to 50 Deg. North (The Carrier Hand Book of Air Conditioning System Design, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965) Mass (Kg/m) 532 532 532 532 1 pm 8.3 4.4 13.9 3.9 2 pm 7.8 6.7 13.3 4.4 3 pm 6.7 8.3 11.1 5.5 4 pm 5.5 8.9 10 6.7 5 pm 6.1 10 8.9 9.4 6 pm 6.7 10 7.8 11.1

North South East West

A. LOCATION / ROOM: RAW WATER-PUMP CONTROLL ROOM


The Air Conditioning system is envisaged for RAW WATER CONTROLL Room having size 6.5 M (L) x 4 M (W) x 5.5 M (H) which consist of the following electrical equipment as per given in Technical Data Sheet & drawings.

Room Dimensions: North Facing Wall East Facing Wall West Facing Wall South Facing Wall Roof Floor Area Window Area

Length

Width

Height 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5

Unit Meters Meters Meters Meters

Area 22 35.75 35.75 22 26 26 17.875

Unit sq.m. sq.m. sq.m. sq.m. sq.m. sq.m. sq.m.

4 0.25 6.5 0.25 6.5 0.25 4 0.25 6.5 4 6.5 4 50% of West Wall

Design Inside Temperature Design Outside Temperature Inside Outside Temp. Diff.:

26 C 45 C 19 C

Ti To Td

Daily Range :

15 C (DT)

Assumption

Correction for Equivalent Temperaure Differential (Ref: Schimidt's Method) ET = (Td-8.3) - (DT-11.1)(0.25) for Medium Construction ET = (Td-8.3) - (DT-11.1)(0.5) for Heavy Construction ET = 9.725

Overal Heat Tranfer Coefficient(Ref: ASHRAE Hand Book of Fundamentals) 8" Brick Wall 2.14 W/mK Rcc Roof 3.3 W/mK W/mK Wood W/mK Plaster Glass 6.5 W/mK W/mK Unshaded Glass W/mK Shaded Glass Max. Solar Heat Gain through Glass (at 5 PM) 129 W/m

Corrected Equivalent Tempereture Difference Max Temp. Diff 6.1 8.9 Effective Temperatu ET re(T) 9.725 0.00 9.725 0.00

North Wall East Wall

West Wall South Wall Roof

9.4 10 21.2

9.725 9.725 9.725

19.13 0.00 30.93

Solar Heat Gain Through Walls:

North East West South

U (W/mK) 22 2.14 35.75 2.14 35.75 2.14 22 2.14 Total Solar Heat Gain (Wall):

Area

T 0 0 19.125 0

Heat Gain 0 0 1463.15813 0 1463.15813

Unit Watt Watt Watt Watt Watt

Solar Heat Gain Through Glass:

North

Area(m) Heat Gain(W/m) 17.875 129


Solar Heat Gain Through Roof:

Heat Gain Unit 2305.875 Watt

Area (sq.m.) 26

U(W/mK) 3.3
Transmission Heat Gain

T Heat Gain Unit 30.925 2653.4 Watt

Glass North Wall South Wall East Wall

U(W/mK) Area 17.875 6.5 22 2.14 22 2.14 35.75 2.14 Total Transmission Heat Gain:
Heat Load due to Manpower

Td 19 19 19 19

Heat Gain 2207.5625 894.5 894.52 1453.595 5450.2

Unit Watt Watt Watt Watt Watt

Now applied formula Heat Load (W) = Heads x 100watt

Let, No. of heads : ( considering continuous working people & no. of outsider in total) As per HVAC standard thumb rule, the value is :

5 Heads

The value comes:

500.00 Watt

100 W/Head Heat Load due to Light with fittings 26 sq.m.

Now applied formula Heat Load (W) = Area x 15W/sq.m.

From the above information, Room Lightining Area: (considering Roof area of the said room) As per HVAC standard thumb rule for adequate lightining :

The value comes: 390.00 Watt

15 W/sq.m.

Heat Load due to Electrical Panels, Bus Duct etc.


Waste Heat Load due to Electrical Equipments (Watt) = 581

Ventilation Air Rquirement:


Room Volume 143 m

Persons Air Change

Qty 5 5

CMM per Person 0.7 143 715 1.127 214.5 241.7415 1.009 CMH Kg/m CMH Kg/hr KJ/Kg

Air Req. 3.5 CMM 715 CMH

Air Req 210 715

Taking the Higher Value of Air Change: Density of Air 30% Fresh Air is to be Circulated Mass of Air Specific Heat of Air

At 40C <= Standard Practice 0.0671504 Kg/sec. At 40C

Ventilation Air Heat Load:


Air Required (cms) 0.067150417 Sp. Heat 1.009
14630.94 Watt

T 19

Heat Gain Unit 1287.34 Watt

Total Heat Load

Heat Load in KW Fan Motor Heat Gain 5% Factor of Safety 5% Grand Total Heat

14.63 0.73 0.73 16.09

KW KW KW KW

Tonnage Refrigeration

4.59 TR