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Nominative Case Nouns and pronouns in the nominative case, also called the subjective case, are used

as the subjects of clauses. A noun is said to be in the Nominative case if it is the subject of a verb. (SUBJECT is the person or the thing who or which carries out the action of the verb in the sentence)
Examples

Objective case (or Accusative case):

Nouns or pronouns are said to be in Objective cases if they are the direct objects of verbs or if they are the objects of preposition. (Direct object is the person or the thing upon whom or upon which the action of the verb is carried out).
Examples:

I met your sister. Your sister is in objective case. The vendors sell mangoes. Mangoes is in objective case. The book is on the table. Table is in objective case. It is object of the preposition on. This is one of my policies. Policies is in objective case. It is object of the preposition of.
Dative case

Mr. Ram is an intelligent boy. Mr. Ram is a proper noun in Nominative case. The painter paints the portraits. The painter is a common noun in Nominative case. I am buying vegetables for my family. I is a pronoun in Nominative case.
Possessive case (Genitive case):

A noun is said to be in possessive case, if it denotes possession or ownership. A noun or pronoun in the possessive case is governed by the noun that follows it.
Examples:

This is your pencil. (Your is in possessive case. It is our idea. Our is in possessive case. Johns sister has been hospitalized. Johns is in possessive case.

A noun is said to be in dative case if it is the Indirect object of the verb. (Indirect object of the verb is the noun for whom or for which the action of the verb is carried out). There should not be a preposition before the indirect object because in that case it will be the object of that preposition.
Examples:

The teacher gave the students few exercises. Students is in dative case. It is the indirect object of the verb give. The Postman brought me a letter. Me is in dative case. Get him a pen. Him is in dative case.

Vocative case:

A noun or a pronoun is said to be in Vocative case if it is used to call (or to get the attention of) a person or persons.
Examples:

Mr. Bill, students are waiting for you in the main hall. Mr. Bill is in vocative case. You there, stand up. You is in vocative case. Brother, a letter for you. Brother is in vocative case. Chairman, all the letters are posted two days ago. Chairman is in vocative case. An appositive is a noun, noun phrase, or noun clause which follows a noun or pronoun and renames or describes the noun or pronoun. A simple appositive is an epithet like Alexander the Great. Appositives are often set off by commas.