2,2K views

Uploaded by Bram Vandoren

15.13. Newton-Raphson Procedure
http://www.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/thy_tool10.html
15.13.6. Arc-Length Method
The arc-length method (accessed with ARCLEN,ON) is suitable for nonlinear static equilibrium solutions of unstable problems. Applications of the arc-length method involves the tracing of a complex path in the load-displacement response into the buckling/post buckling regimes. The arc-length method uses the explicit spherical iterations to maintain the orthogonality between the

15.13. Newton-Raphson Procedure
http://www.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/thy_tool10.html
15.13.6. Arc-Length Method
The arc-length method (accessed with ARCLEN,ON) is suitable for nonlinear static equilibrium solutions of unstable problems. Applications of the arc-length method involves the tracing of a complex path in the load-displacement response into the buckling/post buckling regimes. The arc-length method uses the explicit spherical iterations to maintain the orthogonality between the

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Ansys Structural Analysis
- Riks Method
- Pre-Buckled Shape in Nonlinear Buckling
- On Nonlinear Buckling and Collapse Analysis using Riks Method
- Mechanics of Wave Forces on Offshore Structures
- Foundations of Data Science
- Ansys Tutorial
- Ansys Scripting Manual
- Ansys Linear Buckling.pdf
- Ansys Tips
- Restarting an Analysis Single Multiframe
- ANSYS® Customization and Automation With APDL
- Finite Element Simulations with ANSYS Workbench 12
- Buckling and Post Buckling of Imperfect Cylindrical Shells, G.simitses
- Ansys Tips and Ansys Tricks
- Arc Length Method for Passing Limit Points
- Overcoming Convergence Difficulties in ANSYS Workbench Mechanical
- ANSYS Tips and ANSYS Tricks
- Riks (Arc-length)
- 20_ANSYS_WB_hints_gift_ expertfea_com.pdf

You are on page 1of 3

Newton-Raphson Procedure

http://www.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/thy_tool10.html

The arc-length method (accessed with ARCLEN,ON) is suitable for nonlinear static equilibrium solutions of unstable problems. Applications of the arc-length method involves the tracing of a complex path in the load-displacement response into the buckling/post buckling regimes. The arc-length method uses the explicit spherical iterations to maintain the orthogonality between the arc-length radius and orthogonal directions as described by Forde and Stiemer(174). It is assumed that all load magnitudes are controlled by a single scalar parameter (i.e., the total load factor). Unsmooth or discontinuous load-displacement response in the cases often seen in contact analyses and elastic-perfectly plastic analyses cannot be traced effectively by the arc-length solution method. Mathematically, the arc-length method can be viewed as the trace of a single equilibrium curve in a space spanned by the nodal displacement variables and the total load factor. Therefore, all options of the Newton-Raphson method are still the basic method for the arc-length solution. As the displacement vectors and the scalar load factor are treated as unknowns, the arc-length method itself is an automatic load step method (AUTOTS,ON is not needed). For problems with sharp turns in the load-displacement curve or path dependent materials, it is necessary to limit the arc-length radius (arc-length load step size) using the initial arc-length radius (using the NSUBST command). During the solution, the arc-length method will vary the arc-length radius at each arc-length substep according to the degree of nonlinearities that is involved. The range of variation of the arc-length radius is limited by the maximum and minimum multipliers (MAXARC and MINARC on the ARCLEN command). In the arc-length procedure, nonlinear (Equation 15142) is recast associated with the total load factor :

(15157)

where is normally within the range -1.0 l 1.0. Writing the proportional loading factor in an incremental form yields at substep n and iteration i (see Figure 15.16: "Arc-Length Approach with Full Newton-Raphson Method"):

(15158)

where:

= incremental load factor (as shown in Figure 15.16: "Arc-Length Approach with Full Newton-Raphson Method")

1 van 3

8/05/2010 19:19

http://www.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/thy_tool10.html

The incremental displacement {ui} can be written into two parts following (Equation 15158):

(15159)

where:

= displacement due to a unit load factor = displacement increment from the conventional Newton-Raphson method

(15160)

(15161)

In each arc-length iteration, it is necessary to use (Equation 15160) and (Equation 15161) to solve for and . The incremental load factor in (Equation 15159) is determined by the arc-length equation which can be written as, for instance, at iteration i (see Figure 15.16: "Arc-Length Approach with Full Newton-Raphson Method"):

(15162)

where:

= scaling factor (with units of displacement) used to ensure the correct scale in the equations un = sum of all the displacement increments ui of this iteration

The arc-length radius i is forced, during the iterations, to be identical to the radius iteration 1 at the first iteration, i.e.

(15163)

While the arc-length radius 1 at iteration 1 of a substep is determined by using the initial arc-length radius (defined by the NSUBST command), the limit range (defined by the ARCLEN command) and some logic of the automatic time (load) step method (Automatic Time Stepping). (Equation 15159) together with (Equation 15162) uniquely determines the solution vector (ui, )T. However, there are many ways to solve for approximately. The explicit spherical iteration method is used to ensure orthogonality (Forde and Stiemer(174)). In this method, the required residual ri (a scalar) for explicit iteration on a sphere is first calculated. Then the arc-length load increment factor is

2 van 3 8/05/2010 19:19

http://www.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/thy_tool10.html

for explicit iteration on a sphere is first calculated. Then the arc-length load increment factor is determined by formula:

(15164)

The method works well even in the situation where the vicinity of the critical point has sharp solution changes. Finally, the solution vectors are updated according to (see Figure 15.16: "Arc-Length Approach with Full Newton-Raphson Method"):

(15165)

and

(15166)

where:

n = current substep number

Values of n and are available in POST26 (SOLU command) corresponding to labels ALLF and ALDLF, respectively. The normalized arc-length radius label ARCL (SOLU) corresponds to value where is the initial arc-length radius defined (by the NSUBST command) through (Equation 15162) (an arc-length radius at the first iteration of the first substep). In the case where the applied loads are greater or smaller than the maximum or minimum critical loads, arc-length will continue the iterations in cycles because || does not approach unity. It is recommended to terminate the arc-length iterations (using the ARCTRM or NCNV commands). ,

3 van 3

8/05/2010 19:19

- Ansys Structural AnalysisUploaded byUmesh Vishwakarma
- Riks MethodUploaded byAmit Jain
- Pre-Buckled Shape in Nonlinear BucklingUploaded byJianbei Zhu
- On Nonlinear Buckling and Collapse Analysis using Riks MethodUploaded bySIMULIACorp
- Mechanics of Wave Forces on Offshore StructuresUploaded byKenneth Tan
- Foundations of Data ScienceUploaded byEric Prenen
- Ansys TutorialUploaded bySureshv Suri
- Ansys Scripting ManualUploaded byRădoi Mihai
- Ansys Linear Buckling.pdfUploaded byJun Qian
- Ansys TipsUploaded byMuhammad Ali
- Restarting an Analysis Single MultiframeUploaded bydaniel how
- ANSYS® Customization and Automation With APDLUploaded byasextos
- Finite Element Simulations with ANSYS Workbench 12Uploaded bykemtehani
- Buckling and Post Buckling of Imperfect Cylindrical Shells, G.simitsesUploaded byНаталья Культина
- Ansys Tips and Ansys TricksUploaded byMohammad Althaf
- Arc Length Method for Passing Limit PointsUploaded byozkanhasan
- Overcoming Convergence Difficulties in ANSYS Workbench MechanicalUploaded bybigsteve9088
- ANSYS Tips and ANSYS TricksUploaded byjulio1114
- Riks (Arc-length)Uploaded bygreat2007
- 20_ANSYS_WB_hints_gift_ expertfea_com.pdfUploaded bySenad Skelet
- Lecture 8 - Post Buckling and Impact AnalysesUploaded bySencu Razvan
- Earthquak Analysis in AnsysUploaded byIgor Gjorgjiev
- Crisfield M a Vol 2 Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis of Solids and Structures Advanced TopicsUploaded byIffat Siddqiue
- ANSYS AUTODYN- Chapter 9: Material ModelsUploaded byMfdrr
- ansys tutorialUploaded byMahendra Rathore
- Ansys Design Modeler 14.5 Tips and TricksUploaded bykristeen78
- Sea Loads on Ships and Offshore Structures by O-faltinsenUploaded byCristian Hob-nobba
- ansys workbench optimizationUploaded byanmol6237
- Analysis of Suspension BridgeUploaded byAhmer Ali
- Designers Intro to FEA-IIIUploaded byPrithviraj Daga

- ASPPB Code of Conduct 2005Uploaded bygfish6
- 16 Chapter 08Uploaded byscribdbillionaire
- morgan mcneal case study 3Uploaded byapi-302035669
- Managing Risk EpidUploaded byjparanoti
- Uprading of CategoryUploaded byaef
- bzware-in001_-en-pUploaded byThapelo Ramokgaba
- formultnUploaded byJayjeet Bhattacharjee
- Aquino v. AureUploaded byJay
- Advantages of Multidimensional Data ModelUploaded byKadir Sahan
- State v. Brechler, Ariz. Ct. App. (2015)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- Daniel Schleifer, a Minor by Barry Schleifer, His Father William McCutcheon a Minor by M. Parthenia Monagan, His Mother Lisa Briggs, a Minor by Anne Briggs, Her Mother Nora Lally-Graves, a Minor by Mary Ann Lally-Graves, Her Mother Jill Landers Jacquith, a Minor by Harry James Landers, Her Father Anne Briggs Harry James Landers Waldo David Landers Jaquith v. City of Charlottesville, 159 F.3d 843, 4th Cir. (1998)Uploaded byScribd Government Docs
- Shell CorenaS3 R 46Uploaded byzain140
- Oral Presentation StructureUploaded byLuis E. Racua
- Eng Project Guidelines Std 9Uploaded bySarvashreshthaPatel
- Polarizer sUploaded byBlai Vs
- Salooni qabl an tafqadooni-1Uploaded byShian-e-Ali Network
- Etymology Dictionary PDFUploaded byNikki
- sainath College Of Nursing, KatniUploaded byFabin Jose
- PALE_Saberon v. Atty. Larong [Libelous Remarks in the Pleadings Must Be RELEVANT]Uploaded byLudica Oja
- 2017-0928-lesson plan - history 1Uploaded byapi-386116465
- Lecture Notes 3(1)Uploaded byJonathan Tran
- SOP-yale.pdfUploaded byErmia Bivatan
- Manual Tierras RarasUploaded byEdgar David Rosas Casillas
- EN_WHS2018_Part1.pdfUploaded byIwan Suryadi Mahmud
- Andre Malraux.pdfUploaded byMarko Bogdanović
- Chapter2 GIS FundamentalsUploaded byMilena Stevanovic
- A 501c3 Church is NOT a Church - Pastor Sam Adams - 11110831580Uploaded byChris Houk
- Test-Bank-for-Think-Criminology-1st-Edition-by-Fuller.pdfUploaded bya330852589
- L325 FadiniValeria Essay9 NonconformityUploaded byVale Fadini
- 12.5_Reactions_in_organic_compounds_1Uploaded byAisyahiraMelanOmar