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STAINLESS STEEL DESIGN DATA

The minimum mechanical allowable property levels for each grade and product form can be
found in the appropriate ASTM specification. The typical values are higher than the minimum
and it is possible to designate the appropriate specification and require higher minimum strength
levels that are typical of actual production.
Table 1 provides typical mechanical property data for the most commonly used structural
stainless steels and compares them with other metals used in construction.
Table 2 provides representative design values for 0.2% offset yield strength, Young's modulus
and the shear modulus in longitudinal and transverse compression and tension.
Table 3 provides physical constants and thermal properties.
Table 1: Typical mechanical properties for architectural metals (i)

Building Material

Tensile
Tensile
Yield
Elongation
Strength Strength Strength,
in 2in.
to weight
ksi
ksi
(50mm),
ratio
(MPa)
(MPa)
min. %

Stainless Steels
316 Annealed

257

75 (515)

30 (205)

35

304 Annealed

257

75 (515)

30 (205)

35

2205

324

105 (723)

74 (510)

30

HSLA Steel, 3/4 - 1.5


in. (20-40 mm)

239

67 (460)

46 (315)

21

Structural Steel (plate


and bar)

261

58/80
(400/550)

36 (250)

23

Carbon steel sheet,


cold rolled

164

46 (317)

34 (234)

35

3003-H14

222

22 (150)

21 (145)

40

3105-H14

255

25 (170)

22 (150)

5005-H16

265

26 (180)

25 (170)

6061-T6

459

45 (310)

40 (275)

12

6063-T5

276

27 (185)

21 (145)

12

Aluminum Alloys

Copper

112

36 (250)

28 (195)

30

Table 2: Representative design values for longitudinal and


transverse compression and tension
Grade

Direction and
type of stress

0.2% Yield
Strength ksi
(MPa)

304L

LT

38 (262)

LC

36 (250)

TT

38 (259)

TC

37 (255)

LT

40 (277)

LC

41 (285)

TT

41 (286)

TC

43 (297)

LT

75 (518)

LC

76 (525)

TT

79 (544)

TC

78 (540)

316L

2205

Young's
Shear
modulus,
modulus, G
E x 106 psi
106 psi (GPa)
(GPa)
28 (193)

11 (77)

29 (198)

28 (193)

10.7 (74)

29 (198)

29 (200)

11.3 (78)

30 (207)

From NiDI Design Manual for Structural Stainless Steel


LT - Longitudinal tension
LC - Longitudinal compression
TT - Transverse tension
TC - Transverse compression

Table 3: Physical constants and thermal properties (ii)

Building
Material

Coef. Thermal
Expansion
Density Lbs/in
68-212F
(g/cm)
(20-100C)
in/in F
(m/mK)

Thermal
Conductivity
212F (100C)
Btuin/fthrF
(W/mK)

Stainless Steels
316

0.29 (8.0)

8.8 (15.9)

113 (16.3)

304

0.29 (8.0)

9.6 (17.2)

113 (16.3)

2205

0.285 (7.85)

7.22 (13.0)

110 (16.0)

Gray Iron

0.27 (7.5)

6.6 (11.9)

348 (50)

Carbon Steel

0.28 (7.8)

6.7 (12.1)

324 (47)

HSLA
Weathering
Steel

0.28 (7.8)

6.7 (12.1)

324 (47)

Copper C11000

0.321 (8.89)

9.6 (17.2)

2688 (387)

3003 H14

0.099 (2.73)

12.9 (23.2)

1100 (159)

3105

0.098 (2.72)

13.1 (23.6)

1190 (172)

5005

0.098 (2.70)

13.2 (23.75)

1390 (200)

6061 T6

0.098 (2.70)

13.1 (23.6)

1160 (167)

6063 T5

0.097 (2.70)

13.0 (23.4)

1450 (209)

Alluminum
Alloys

(i)

Metals Handbook Vol. 2, 10th Edition, Properties and Selection: Nonferrous Alloys
and Special-Purpose Materials, ASM International, 1990
(ii) Harold E. McGannon, The Making, Shaping & Treating of Steel, 9th Edition,
1971, United States Steel

Stainless steel pipes are used in constructions, food industry, pharmaceutical industry,
petrochemical industry, automotive industry, municipal and decorative purposes.
Range of Stainless Steel pipes according to ANSI/ASME 36.19M Stainless Steel Pipe.
Outside
Nominal
Diameter
5S
Pipe
Size
(inches) (mm) (inches) mm
(in)

kg/m

1/8

10.3

0.405

1/4

13.7

0.540

Schedule
10S
40S
Wall Thickness and Weight
mm
mm
kg/m
kg/m
(in)
(in)
1.25
1.73
0.28
0.37
(0.049)
(0.068)
1.66
2.24
0.49
0.63
(0.065)
(0.088)

80S
mm
kg/m
(in)
2.42
0.47
(0.095)
3.03
0.80
(0.119)

Outside
Nominal
Diameter
5S
Pipe
Size
(inches) (mm) (inches) mm
(in)
3/8

17.2

0.675

1/2

21.3

0.840

3/4

26.7

33.4

1 1/4

42.2

1 1/2

48.3

60.3

2 1/2

73.0

88.9

3 1/2

101.6

114.3

141.3

168.3

219.1

10

273.1

12

323.9

1.65
(0.065)
1.65
1.050
(0.065)
1.65
1.315
(0.065)
1.65
1.660
(0.065)
1.65
1.900
(0.065)
1.65
2.375
(0.065)
2.11
2.875
(0.083)
2.11
3.500
(0.083)
2.11
4.000
(0.083)
2.11
4.500
(0.083)
2.77
5.563
(0.109)
2.77
6.625
(0.109)
2.77
8.625
(0.109)
3.41
10.750
(0.134)
3.97
12.750
(0.156)

kg/m
0.81
1.02
1.30
1.66
1.91
2.40
3.69
4.52
5.18
5.84
9.46
11.3
14.8
22.7
31.3

Schedule
10S
40S
Wall Thickness and Weight
mm
mm
kg/m
kg/m
(in)
(in)
1.66
2.32
0.63
0.85
(0.065)
(0.091)
2.11
2.77
1.00
1.27
(0.083)
(0.109)
2.11
2.87
1.28
1.68
(0.083)
(0.113)
2.77
3.38
2.09
2.50
(0.109)
(0.133)
2.77
3.56
2.69
3.39
(0.109)
(0.140)
2.77
3.69
3.11
4.06
(0.109)
(0.145)
2.77
3.92
3.93
5.45
(0.109)
(0.154)
3.05
5.16
5.26
8.64
(0.120)
(0.203)
3.05
5.49
6.46
11.3
(0.120)
(0.216)
3.05
5.74
7.41
13.6
(0.120)
(0.226)
3.05
6.02
8.37
16.1
(0.120)
(0.237)
3.41
6.56
11.6
21.8
(0.134)
(0.258)
3.41
7.12
13.9
28.3
(0.134)
(0.280)
3.76
8.18
20.0
42.5
(0.148)
(0.322)
4.20
9.28
27.8
60.4
(0.165)
(0.365)
4.58
9.53
36.1
73.9
(0.180)
(0.375)

80S
mm
(in)
3.20
(0.126)
3.74
(0.147)
3.92
(0.154)
4.55
(0.179)
4.86
(0.191)
5.08
(0.200)
5.54
(0.218)
7.01
(0.276)
7.62
(0.300)
8.08
(0.318)
8.56
(0.337)
9.53
(0.375)
10.98
(0.432)
12.70
(0.500)
12.70
(0.500)
12.70
(0.500)

kg/m
1.10
1.62
2.20
3.24
4.47
5.41
7.49
11.4
15.3
18.6
22.3
31.0
42.6
64.6
81.5
97.4

The ANSI/ASME 36.19M Stainless Steel Pipe - covers the standardization of dimensions
of welded and seamless wrought stainless steel pipe
Stainless Steel Fittings