Sie sind auf Seite 1von 87

Current Affairs ,international Affairs,state ,Awards of month of April,may june,july .

INTERNATIONAL Victory for Suu Kyi

news

,national

news,Summits

The opposition leader of National League for Democracy (NLD) Aung San Suu Kyi had won the election held in Myanmar on 1 April 2012 for 45 parliament seats and NLD won 43 seats. US Grants $ 12 million Aid to Syria The US Government announced an additional $12 .2million humanitarian aid for Syria as the second meeting of Friends of Syria held in Turkeys largest city Istanbul. The US State department said that the new aid, consisting of medical supplies and other humanitarian relief for displaced and vulnerable Syrian communities. The US aid will be used to support the work of international organisation, including World Food Programme. Mali Tuareg Rebels Declared Independence In Azawad The Northern part of Mali was captured by a mix of separatist Tuareg rebels and Islamist fighters recently on 6 April 2012 and security of the nation was in danger, The insurgent group is called National Movement for Liberation of Azawad and they declared an independence state of Azawad. USA & Afghanistan Signed MoU On Night Raids United States of America & Afghanistan on 8 April 2012 signed (MoU) Memorandum of Understanding on the controversial issue of conduct of night raids on Afghan homes. It empowered the Afghan security forces oversight over the raids led by the US troops. The agreement leads its a more comprehensive long term strategic partnership agreement between the two nations after the departure of all foreign troops from Afghanistan in 2014. The issue of night raids was a big hurdle in the way of the strategic partnership agreement Mitt Romney Won Republic Party Crown Mitt Romney on April 2012 effectively won the Republican Party crown to challenge President Barack Obama in November elections as the chief rival Rick Santorum dropped from the election Qatar is Obesity Capital Of The World The worlds wealthiest country ranked by Forbes with highest per capita in the world Qatar is the obesity capital of the world. Over half of its population are overweight according to a report an unhealthy combination of low levels of exercise and growing population of fast food outlets has led to this problem. It was very serious problem facing by Qatar. US-Afghanistan Signed Strategic Pact US and Afghanistan signed a long awaited strategic pact on 22 April 2012. The pact aims at setting forth guidelines for US involvement in Afghanistan as forces are withdrawn from the trouble torn nation. The pact provides a strong foundation for the security of Afghanistan, the region and the world. Both the countries took almost one year to reach on the mutual agreements. EU Suspended its Sanctions Against Myanmar The European Union suspended its sanctions against Myanmar on 23 April 2012 for a year .The EU move came in the back drop of a string of political reforms in the South Eastern

Asian Nations. The group however maintained that it will hold on to restrictions on arms. Aung San Suu Kyi Take Oath As Opposition Leader Aung San SuuKyi took oath of office to become an official member of Myanmars parliament on 2 May 2012. Suu Kyi, a Nobel Laureate, pro democracy leader of Myanmar for the first time held public office since launching her struggle against autherisation rule nearly a quarter century ago. Poll Panels Of SAARC Countries Established Forum SAARC Countries on 4 May 2012 adopted a charter for mutual cooperation and set up a forum that will enhance capabilities to conduct free and fair elections . In its charter the chief election commissioners of Afghanistan , Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives Nepal Pakistan, Sri Lanka and India confirmed their abiding faith in the objectives and principles of SAARC contained in the SAARC charter. French Socialist Partys Francois Hollande As First Socialist President Francois Hollande was elected Frances first socialist president nearly after two decades with 53.3% votes on 6 May 2012, While defeating Nicolas Sarkozy.The result will have major implications for Europe as it struggle to emerge from a financial crisis and for France the Eurozone second largest economy and a nuclear armed permanent member of the UN Security Council. All Nuclear Power Plants Stopped In Japan All Nuclear Power Plants were Stopped In Japan on 6 May 2012 . Tomari was the last shutdown , which leaves Japan without nuclear power. Thousands of Japanese marched to celebrate the switching off the last of their nations 50 nuclear reactor. Japan was without eclectricity from nuclear power for the first time in four decades. Vladimir Putin Sworn In As The President Of Russia Vladimir Putin the former Russian Prime Minister and the president of the United Russia Party took the oath as the President of Russia on 7 May 2012. Putin had won the Russian Presidential elections with 63.6% of the vote on 4 March. Top 10 Female CEOs & Influential Business Women of American Companies There are roughly 22 female presidents and prime ministers in the world and about a dozen womens executivesat the helm of Fortune 500 companies. Especially for these top 10 women CEOs CEO of the worlds second largest food company Karft Foods ,Irene Rosenfeld in first place The CEO of TJX, Carol.M.Meyrowitz in second. Chairman & CEO of Pepsico Indra Nooyi in third . Chairman& CEO of EI du Pont de Nemoursand company, Ellen Kullman in fourth. Chairman, President & CEO of Well point, Angela Braly in fifth. Chairman & CEO of Xerox ,Ursula M.Borns in sixth.Chairman, president & CEO of Sunoco,Lynn L.Elsenhans in seventh . CEO of Archer Daniels Midland, Patrica Woertz in eigth. President and CEO of BJs Wholesale club , Laura J.sen in ninth and Chairman & CEO of Key corp, Beth E.Mooney in tenth place. Forbes Mothers Top 20 List The list released by Forbes ahead of World Mothers Day on 13 May 2012 the worlds 20 most powerful moms list which ranked most efficient persons list According to the magazine power moms must develop unique strategic to succeed in both boardrooms and playrooms. Fobes women analysed the annual list of the worlds 100 most powerful womens based on money controlled, decision making power and multiple measures of influence and teased out the moms who are at the top of their game are

No-1_ Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of states No-2 _ Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian President No-3_ Indra Nooyi, PepsiCo Chairman No-4 _Sheryl Sandberg, Chief Operating Officer Of Face book No-5_ Melinda Gates, Co- founder, Bill and Melindan Gates Foundation No-6_ Sonia Gandhi, UPA Chairperson No-7_ Michelle Obama, First lady U.S No-8 Christine Lagarde, Managing Director IMF No-9_ Irene Rosenfeld, CEO Karft foods No-10_ Jill Abramson, Executive Editor New York Times No-11_ Kathleen Sebelius, Secretary of Health& Human services U.S In the last 20th place is the General secretary of NLD Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi Philippines President Names Two Special Envoys to China Philippines President Benigno Aquino named two special envoys to China on 16 May 2012, amid a tence territorial dispute between the two countries over a shoal in the South China sea. During their six month assignment both were also tasked to actively persuade greater number of Chinese tourists to make the Philippines their main destination for leisure and relaxation trips. China counters Japans Claims over Okinotoris Status China and Japan have exchanged a fresh round of claims and counter claims over a tiny but crucial out cropping in the Pacific Ocean, with Tokyo assuring that a UN Commission had endorsed its stand on the atoll being an Island while Beijing rejected it as baseless. The two countries, that have their own set of disputes in the South China sea, have also been sparring over the status of Okinotoris Atollion Tomislav Nikolic Won Serbias Presidential Election The Serbian Progresive party leader Tomislav Nikolic Won Serbias Presidential Election on 20 May 2012. Nikolic beat his centrist, the incumbent Boris Tadic in closely contested election. Nikolic accounted for 50.21% of the total vote, against 46.77% for Tadic, with 40% of votes counted. Nikolic during his previous stints in power worked as a deputy prime minister under the former president Slobodon Miloscric. China Developing Internet For Offensive Operations China is improving its capacity for operations in cyberspace and developing capabilities to use internet for offensive operations. The Pentagon has said China is investing in not only capabilities to better defend their networks but also they are looking at ways to use cyber for offensive operations, China is engaging in cyber activity focused on computer network exploitation. IAEA Chief Meets Top Iran Nuclear Officials IAEA Chief Yukiya Amano Met Top Irans Nuclear chief and top negotiator on 21 May 2012 in a visit to Tehran closely watched for signs as to how wider talks between Iran and World power might unfurl. Irans national security supremo tasked with negotiating nuclear issues and atomic energy head Abbasi Davani in an effort to press for greater co-operations between Iran and the UN Nuclear surveillance agency. Bangladesh Announces Discovery Of Petroleum Energy starned Bangladesh has struck oil reserves in the countrys Northeastern region with an extractable reserve of at least 55 million barrels worth USD 5.5 million. Petrobangla is announcing with pleasure that Bangladesh had entered a new era through the discovery of a profitable oil reserves in Haripur and Kailashtila, state run Petrobanglas chairman Hossain Monsur said. China is Worlds Biggest Magnesium Producer

China has remained the Worlds Biggest Producer of Magnesium since 1999,with last years out put accounting for over 85% of the worlds total.The country produced 660,000 tones of magnesium last year.The agencyreported on 26 May. It is estimated that the yearly magnesium output will reach 1.5million tonnes during the 2011-2015 period odf which 700,000 tones will be exported annually Liberias Taylor Gets 50 years in Jail for War Crimes A U.N Backed war crimes court sentensed the former president of liberia ,charles Taylor ,to 50 years in jail on 30 May 2012 for arming rebels in sierra leone in return for Blood Diamonds . India Joins 41 Nations In Condemning Syria Killings India on 1 June joined 41 other countries at united nations human rights council (UNHRC) in Geneva to vote for a resolution strongly condemning the recent El-houleh incident, which resulted in the death over a hundred civilians including women and children. Egypts Ex-President Hosni Mubarak Sentenced To Life In Prison Hosni Mubarak was sentenced to life in prison on 2nd June for failing to stop the killing of protesters during the uprising that forced him from power last year .And also given life term for the killings was Mubaraks former Interior Minister Habibal-Adly, while six former police commanders were acquitted. Malik Suspended From Senate Over Dual Nationality The supreme court on 4 June suspended interior minister Rehman Malik from the senate (the upper house of parliament) for failing to produce the necessary documents to establish that he had given up his British nationality. Google Buying Meebo To Help Social Networking Push Google is buying silicon valley start-up Meebo to help expand its social networking service.The acquisition announced on 4 June will bring more tools to google plus,an alternative to facebook.Google has spent more than $16billion buying 140 companies since the end of 2009.The biggest deal in Googles history of 14 years is buying $12.5 billion cellphone maker motorola. 1st Intercontinental Solar Flight Takes Off A Swiss adventure soared above sun -splashed spanish valleys toward Maorocco on 5 June 2012 on the worlds first Intercontinental flight in a solar powered plane .This aircraft has 12,000 solar cells in the wings turning four electrical motors. piccard gradually piloted the place to an altitude of about 3,800 metres as he headed toward spains southern coast some 50 kilometres per hour. Nobel Slashes Cash Prize The prize money given to Nobel laureates is to be cut by a fifth, the foundation behind the prestigious awards said on 11 June.currently prize money is 10 million crowns and it would fall to 8 million Swedish crowns ($1.12 million). The Nobel Foundation said the money for the awards, given for excellence in the fields of science, literature and peace. The capital that forms the base for the awards was donated in the will of dynamite inventor Alfred Nobel and is managed by the foundation, which was set up in 1900. Gandhi Kallenbach Letters Go Under Sothe by Hammer In one of the most significant auctions of Gandhi memorabilia,sothebys London in going to put honourable of letters,papers,and photograph which shed light on the life of mahatma, under the hammer on July 10.The archieve comprises five decades of correspondence.much of it previously unpublished,between gandhiand hermon kallenbach, a german-Jewish body builder and architect who became Gandhis closest

friend after they met in Johomnesburg in 1904.one batch of letters between Gandhi and kallenbach had come up for sale in 1986 and the Indian government paid $140,000(rs.1.2 crore) for it.The papers are now with the national Archieves, and were published in Gandhis collected works in 1994. Pak Taliban Not To Allow Anti-Polio Campaign In N. Waziristan Over 16,000 children below the age of five will miss their polio vaccines in North Waziristan tribal region of Pakistan due to a ban on vaccination campaigns by a powerful Taliban commander.Hafiz Gul Bahadur, the alleged host of the Haqqani network in North Waziristan Agency,militants had decided to ban the vaccination drive as long as US drone strikes continued in the region. This ban is because the vaccination campaign was a cover for American spies. The ban will seriously impact polio eradication efforts in Pakistan, which is among three countries where polio is still prevalent. Suu Kyi Accepts Nobel Peace Prize 21 years late Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi finally accepted her 1991 Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo on 16 June after spending a total of 15 years under house arrest and said full political freedom in her country was still a long way off. Prince Salman In The Saudi Arabian Prince Saudi Arabian ruling family named defense minister prince Salman bin abdul Aziz in the new crown prince on 18 June 2012 .Prince Nayef who died last week in Geneva and was the crown prince only since November.The death of prince Nyef lead to appointment of new prince salman as the new saudi Arabian prince. Supreme Court Of Pakistan Debarred Pakistan Prime Minister Yusuf Raja Gilani From Office The Supreme Court of Pakistan on 19 June 2012, debarred Pakistan Prime Minister Yusuf Raja Gilani from his office. The courts ruling also disqualified Gilani as the member of the National Assembly, the lower house of the Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament). Gilani was convicted for violating the article 63(1) of the constitution of Pakistan on 26 April 2012 by the Supreme Court. The courts verdict came following Gilanis refusal to probe cases of corruption against Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari. Pak Ranks 13th In Failed States Index Pakistan, a country which is run by military obsessed with Indian and by a civilian elite that steals all it can and pay almost no taxes. so it has been raked 13th in the latest ranking of failed states.The unique ranking compiled by the prestigious foreign policy magazine is topped by Africa countries Somalia(114.9points) ,Congo(111.2), Sudan (109.4),chad(107.6), Zimbabwe(106.3) . Antonis Samara Sworn In As The Prime Minister Of Greece The New Democracy Party leader Antonis Samara sworn in as the Prime Minister of Greece on 20 June 2012. Samarass centre-right New Democracy party bagged 129 seats of 300 in the parliamentary elections held on 17 June 2012. Oxford Honours Suu Kyi By Presenting Honorary Doctorate To Her Paying fulsome tributes, the University of Oxford on Wednesday honoured Myanmars democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi by presenting her with an honorary doctorate in Civil Law in a traditional ceremony telecast live. Oracle CEO Buys Hawaiis Sixth Largest Island Billionaire Oracle CEO Larry Ellison bought 98 percent of Hawaiis sixth-largest island, Lanai, the states governor announced on 20 June. Ellison, ranked in 2012 as Americas third-richest man, is purchasing the property from fellow billionaire David Murdock.

PPP Loyalist Ashraf Elected Pakistan Prime Minister Pakistan on 21June evening got its new prime minister in Pakistan peoples party(PPP) loyalist Raja Parez Ashraf,who enters he office with a corruption case, already in the supreme court,that earned him the nickname Raja Rental. $163 Billion EU Growth Plan The leaders of France, Germany, Italy & Spain agreed to push for a growth package worth up to $163 billion at a key EU summit next week aimed to kick starting the economy and safe guarding the currency bloc. Islamist Morsi Wins Egyptian Presidency Islamist Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood was elected president of Egypt with 51.7 percent of last weekends run-off vote, defeating former general Ahmed Shafik, the state election committee said on 24 June 2012. UNEP Released Its Global Food Security Report Avoiding Future Faminer The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) released its food security report Avoiding future Faminer : strengthening the Ecological basis of food security through sustainable development in Riode Janeirio ,Brazil on 20 Juen2012.The report noted that food security must be at the top of the priority list of countrys policy if the world has to provide food to its 7billion population. Muses Survival In The London 2012 Olympics Song The British rock trio Muse has the official song for the 2012 London games.The song, survivalis a Humdering rock anthem that was broad casted for the first time on 28 June 2012 on BBC radio.The song will be played during the July 27- August 12 games as athletes enter the venue and before medal ceremonies. Afghanistan And Norway Finalized The Draft Of The Strategic Partnership Agreement Afghanistan and Norway on 27 June 2012 finalized the draft of the strategic partnership agreement between the two countries.The two countries will the draft in September 2012. Norwegian Afghanistan.The strategic partnership agreement provides the long term framework after the with drawl of forces .Afghanistan and Norway after the withdrawal of forces.Afghanistan has already signed strategic partnership agreement with the US,Britain,India Germany,France and Italy. Russia, France To Jointly Build Armoured Vehicle Russia and France will jointly build a new armoured infantry vehicle, Russian arms export monopoly Rosoboron export said. The vehicle should appear in the near future, around 18 months. We have a draft design and a model has been made, he said. France was also interested in co-production with Russia of an armoured personnel carrier to be sold to third countries. India-South Korea For Second Foreign policy And Security Dialogue In New Delhi India and south korea decided t cooperate in the areas of civil nuclear energy and space, including the lauch of Korean satellites by India.Both of them met in New delhi on 28 June 2012 during their second foreign policy and security dialogue. The Indian delegation was led by sanjay singh,secretory(east)external affairs ministry, while the korean side was led by hu Ho-Young, first vice minister of foreign affairs a trade. US Supreme Court Held US Health Care Law Constitutional The US supreme court on 28 June 2012 , upheld the US president BARACK obamas most

ambitious social legislations the Health care Law(The patient protection and Affordable care act). The Court verdict came in the favor of legislation,made it mandatory for all American citizen to have health insurance or pay a penalty. The health care legislation mainly aims at covering more than 30 millions who have not been insured. The 9-judge US Apex court headed by chief justice John Robert held the ruling as constitutional in 5-4 ruling. White House Encouraged By Eurozone Summit The White House on 30 June 2012 welcomed the decisions taken by European leaders to boost flagging economies,saying these are encouraging signs, even as it acknowledged that the challenges will not be resolved overnight. Syria Gets New Prime Minister Syria President , Bashra-al-Assad, appointed Riyad Hijab as the prime Minister of Syria on June 6,2012 to form a new government. He replaced Adel safar,who was appointed in April,2011. Russia And China Sign 10 Agreements Russias president Vladimir Putin and President if china Hu Jintao on June 5,2012 signed agreements to establish nuclear reactor in china and for the development of aircrafts and helicopters.Russia will establish two nuclear reactors in china and both the nations will cooperate with each other in the fields of energy, tourism and electricity. Global peace Index The Global peace Index (GPI) for 158 countries released on June 12,2012. The study was conducted by Australia and Usbased Institute for Economic and Peace (IEP).Most peaceful countries in the world are Ice Land, Denmark and New Zealand.Rajasthan Electronics and Instruments Limited(REIL), Known for its electronic milk testing instruments and solar lighting technology has been chosen for the best PSU Award 2012, in the Mini category. George Bush voted Most Unpopular former US President George W.Bush has been voted the most unpopular living former president of the US. Bush was the 43rd President of the Us from 2001 to 2009.According to a CN poll, just 43 percent of people questioned said they have a good opinion of Bush, while 54 percent said the opposite. Zine El Abidine Ben Ali imprisoned for life time Tunisian court sentenced former President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to life imprisonment on June 13 ,2012 for presiding over the bloody protest crackdown that ignited Arab spring. He faced countless charges including drug trafficking and embezzlement. He had exiled to Saudi Arabia in January2011.

INDIA & WORLD


India & Britain Economic Financial Meeting India & Britain , held the fifth ministerial level India- UK economic financial dialogue in New Delhi on 2 April 2012. Both nations discussed ways to strengthen their mutual

cooperation and further boost trade and investment between them. Both nations agreed, while the global economy has stabilized in recent months growth will remain subbed and at risk, aim of increasing the role of institutional investors in infrastructure financing. Foreign capital can play an important part in this process . Both nations supported the progress on the Reserve Bank of India s (RBI) road maps for foreign banks in India. IAERB Became The 11th Member Of MEDP Indias Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (IAERB) was admitted as the 11th member of MDEP ( Multinational Design Evaluation Programme) on 4 April 2012. The other members of this body are China, Finland, Japan, Korea, South Africa, USA, UK Canada, France & Russia, MDEP is a multinational initiative taken by national safety authorities to develop innovative regulatory authorities who are currently or will be tasked with the review of new reactor power plant designs. the international Atomic Energy Agency participate in many of MDEP activities, including the harmonization efforts India & UAE Signed Agreement To Ease Indian Contract Workers India & UAE signed an agreement on 4 April 2012 to ease the entry of Indian Contract workers in the Emirates. The agreement was signed in Abu Dhabi, UAE. It provides for an electronic contract registration and validation system to safeguard and protect the interests of migrant Indian workers. The electronic contract registration and validation system for this purpose was launched in Abu Dhabi on 4 April 2012. The move would ensure a transparent, legal and less cumber some migration of Indian workers to the Emirates. India, China To Lead Urban Population Growth Over Next 40 Years India & China will witness unprecedented increase in their urban population in the next four decades, posing new challenges of providing jobs, energy, housing & infrastructure to their people. The UNs 2011 Revision of the World Urbanisation Projects said Africa and Asia will lead the global urban population growth in the next four decades with the largest increase expected in India , China Nigeria US & Indonesia . India will add another 479million to its urban population between 2010 to 2050, while China 341million, Nigeria 200million. US 103million and Indonesia 92milliom people moving to urban cities. India & America Navy Training Malabar 2012 The India & US Navies began their 16th annual Malabar 12 exercise on 7 April 2012 in Chennai, that border of the Bay of Bengal. The 10 days joint exercise which was concluded on 16 April, consists of both ashore and at sea training. and was supported to feature seminars on everything from air defense and integrated antisubmarine welfare operations, to carrier aviations and counter privacy operations. India, Qatar Sign Oil & Gas Pact India & energy rich Qatar, home to half a million Indians on 8 April signed six agreements in diverse areas, including a pact on cooperation in oil and gas exploration. P.M.Manmohan Singh held talks with Qatars Emir Sheik Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani on a range of issues, including boosting trade and investment as well as energy ties between the two countries. Issues relating to the welfare of India workers in Gulf country were also discussed. Both the countries signed a pact on establishing a cooperative framework to enhance bilateral cooperation in oil & gas. India, US to Boost Health Cooperation India and the US has strengthen cooperation in the area of public health by sharing information and best practices, identify and address policy concerns and establish new technologies. The agreement to ensure smooth implementation of issues for bilateral cooperation was reached during a meeting on 9 April 2012 in Washington between India & US. India To Allow Pakistan FDI

India on 12 April 2012 said that it will allow Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) from Pakistan companies, which will make the way for industrial from the neighbouring country to set up business and tap the growing Indian markets . India had taken an in-principle decision as part of the trade non-malisation process to allow Foreign Direct Investment from Pakistan. India Pakistan business council to be formed soon. India, US Joint USD 125mn Fund For Research In Clean Energy India & the United States had announced a joint USD 125 million fund to carry out combined research in the field of clean energy. As such there institutions each from India and the US have been selected for the US-India Joint Clean Energy Research & Development Center (JCERDC), which is part of the US-India partnership to Advance Clean Energy. While national Renewable Energy Laboratory, University of Florida & Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have been selected from US, three Indian Institutions are the Indian Institute of Science- Bangalore, The India Institute of Chemical Technology Hyderabad, and CEPT University Ahmedabad. 35 Indian Companies Attending Canton Fair in China Thirty five Indian Companies are participating in the Chinas biggest trade show Canton Fair, hoping for a major opening into Chinese markets as Beijing Plans to permit more foreign goods to boost to its domestic consumptions US Puts India, China & Pakistan On IPR List The US Government has put India, China & Pakistan along with 10 other countries on the intellectual property watch list for failing to present the theft of copy righted property. Other nations on the watch list are Canada, Argentina, Algeria, Chile, Indonesia, Israel, Russia, Thailand, Ukraine and Venezuela. These countries will be the subject of particularly intense bilateral engagement during the coming years. Kabul- Washington Strategic Pact Signed The new Kabul- Washington long term strategic partnership agreement (SPA) was signed by Obama and Afghan President Hamid Karzai on 2 May 2012.The achievements and success paved the way to sign the strategic cooperation agreement between the two nations. U.S to Invest In West Bengal West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Benerjee on 7 May2012 said the former assured her of American investment in the state for its business and economic development considering Bengal as a partner state.And the US desire to invest in West Bengal as the state has witnessed a change in its political scenario after decades. American investments in the states software , IT and manufacturing , health and education sectors. India to Acquire Coking Coal Mine In Mongolia In a move to reduce dependence on highly priced Australian coking coal, India acquired a mine in Mongolia ans also set up the first steel plant in the quality coal rich country. The Indian delegation comprising of chairman of Steel Authority of India (SAIL)C.S.Verma and U.P.Singh, joint secretary in the ministry will sign a pact in this regard. The plan is to acquire mine, utilise the coal for the steel plant India proposes to set up in Mongolia and export the rest to India through Chinese port as Mongolia is a land locked country. Dalia Lama gives Templeton Prize Money to Indian Charity Tibetan Spiritual leader the Dalia Lama on 14 May 2012 received the prestigious 1.1 million pound Templeton prize in London by St Pauls Cathedral and announced that most of the prize money will go to save the children fund in India, with smaller bequest to a science and religion group which is studying the effects of Buddhist practice and to a project to train Buddhist monks as scientists.

India surpassed china as the largest Arms Importer in the World India Topped as the largest Importer of arms during 2007-2011. India has taken numerous measures to modernise its armed forces in the past ten years.The country has signed several deals to produce military hardware such as 10c17 strategic lift aircraft,sixc-130 super hercules special operations airsraft, addditional sukhri-30MKI fighter jets along with several warships. Hyderabad Girls Short Film goes to Cannes A part from capturing memorable and best moments, more can do more with a cam recorder.If you have a talent make a short film and send to international film festivals and win prizes. This what G.Anahita done.Ajury comprising Hollywood stars such as Edward Norton and others at the Cannes film festival picked her video that lasts lessthan a minute as the Best Area Video Coalition(BAVC) segiment open for only teenagers after screening will be presented with 5000 US Dollars. Sahara Signed Agreement to Build Notun Dhaka in Bangladesh Sahara India Pariwar signed an agreement with Bangladesh government to desfign and develop a new city Notun Dhaka(New Dhaka) on 28 May 2012. Sahara Matribhumi Unnayan Corporation signed the MOU with the ministry of housing and public works (MOPW) of Bangladesh Governement.Their main aim to build affordable housing facilities for the group of low earming people, along with it, they will also work on the hosing finance support and design.This plans for integrated statellite townships constituted by the ministry of housing and public works(MOHPW) of the Bangladesh Government. India pushes to rebuild old links with new Myanmar India & Myanmar expect to double their trade in 3years and despite a delay in introducing a buslink,hope to be connected not just over land and by air but also by rail. India signed a slew agrrements and memoranda of understand(MOUs) on day-2 and Dr.singhs visit to take forward economic ties,cooperation in development and capacity building in a range of sectors.They include an MoU to operationalise a $500 million line of credit during president. India, Bahrain sign pact to boost ties India and Bahrain on 31May, announced the signing of a tax information exchange agreement to promote economic cooperation and joint investment between 2 countries aimed was signed by the Bahrain delogation led by prince Salman Bin Hamadal Khalifa. Leung Chun-ying Sworn In As Hong Kongs New Leader Leung Chun-ying, a millionaire property consultant seen as close to Chinas communist rulers, was sworn in as Hong Kongs new chief executive on 1July 2012 . Cyprus takes Over EU Presidency Cyprus takes over the European Unions rotating presidency for the first time on 1 July 2012, amid concerns about the countrys ability to cope with its own economic problems and help steer Europe out of its financial crisis. Cyprus, which joined the European Union in 2004, is taking over the six-month rotating presidency from Denmark. GSK to pay $3b For Health Fraud Glaxo smith kline(GSK) would pay $3 billion and plead guilty to promoting two popular drugs for unapproved uses and to failing to report important safety data about a diabetes drug to the Food and Drug Administration, the justice department said on 2 July 2012. Government officials say its the largest health care fraud settlement in U.S history. Mexico Declares National H7N3 (bird flu)Animal Health Emergency

10

The Mexican government declared a national animal health emergency on 2 July 2012 in the face of an aggressive bird flu epidemic that has infected nearly 1.7 million poultry. More than half the infected birds have died or been culled, the agriculture ministry said of an epidemic that was confirmed on 28 June 2012 by the UNs Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). They activated a national animal health emergency with the goal of diagnosing, preventing, controlling and eradicating the Type A, sub-type H7N3 bird flu virus. PRI Leader Enrique Pena Nieto Elected as the New President of Mexico The institutional Revolutionary Party leader Enrique Pena Nieto was elected as the new president of Mexico on 2 July 2012. In the presidential election held on 1 July 2012, Enrique Pena Nieto beat party of the Democratic Revolution candidate Andres Manual Lopez obrador of the total 98% votes counted , Pena Nieto bagged 38% votes, while former Mexico city Mayor Andres Manual Lopez obrador got 31% votes. Nieto succeeded felipe calderon on the top most position of the country. Fukushima Was Man-Made Diasater ;Japanese Probe Last years Fukushima nuclear accident was a man made disaster just the tsunami that hit the plant, adamning parliamentary report said on 5 July 2012.Ingrained collusion between plant operator Tokyo Electric Power, the government and regulatory, combined with a lack of any effective oversight led directly to the worst nuclear accident in a generation, the report said. Pak parliament passes bill to protect leaders from contempt Pakistan President on Thursday signed into law a bill aimed at giving blanket immunity to top government leaders from contempt of court proceedings and countering the Supreme Courts efforts to pressure the premier to revive graft cases against Asif Ali Zardari. Zardari gave his assent to the Contempt of Court Bill of 2012 after it was passed by the Senate and the National Assembly, the two houses of Parliament. China, US Avoid Rocking The Boat On South China Sea The United states and China on 12 July pledged to ease strains in their relationship emerging amid renewed disputes over the south china sea and Chinese concerns over Washingtons pivoy to Asia . U.S.Secretary of state hillary clinton, who met chinese foreign Minister Yang Jiechi on the side lines of the ASEAN. Regional forum meeting in Phnom Penh on 12 July 2012. United Nations Millennium Development Goal Report 2012 United Nations Secretary General Ban ki-moon released, United Nations Millennium Development Goal 2012. Report on 2 July 2012. The report noted that three important targets on poverty, slums and water have already been met three years ahead of 2015, the target year. The target of providing clean drinking water to a substantial population of the world. In developing world the share of urban population living in slums came down to 33 per cent in 2000 from 39 per cent in 2000. The millennium development goal asserted that the developing countries. AIDS control, the developing countries have achieved tremendous fate as at the end of 2012 nearly 6.5 million people in the developing countries were receiving the antiretroviral therapy for HIV AIDS. Thomas Lubanga Imprisoned for 14 years International Criminal Court (ICC), located at The Hague has awarded Thomas Lubanga, a Congolese warlord, 14-year imprisonment on 10 July 2012. Lubanga had led the Union of Congolese Patriots, an ethnic militia in the violent struggle in the Ituri region and its main town of Bunia. The conflict, which began in 1999, claimed the life of about 60000 people in the country. Lubanga, who had used children as the soldiers during the violent struggle in Congos eastern Ituri region in 2002-2003 was convicted for war crime.

11

First Ever Resolution To Protect the Online Human Rights of Global Citizens. United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), the Geneva based human rights wing of UN, on 5th July 2012, adopted a first ever resolution to protect the online human rights of global citizens. The resolution adopted by consensus, stated that citizens of the world are as much entitled to the human rights online as they are offline. The resolution noted that there can be no double standard with regard to peoples right of fundamental freedom and since internet makes a major part of present worlds communication process, all governments must endeavour to protect the online rights of its citizens. The landmark resolution was sponsored by Sweden and co-sponsored by over 80 countries, that includes United States, Brazil, Turkey, Nigeria, and Tunisia. Global CO2 Emission Increased by 3% in 2011 According to the report Trends in global CO2 emission, global CO2 emission increased by 3% in 2011. The 3% increase in CO2 took the total amount if CO2 in air at an all time high of 34 billion tonnes. The report was released by the Europe commissions joint research centre (JSC) and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. The United states with 17.3 tonnes per capita remains one of the top CO2 emitters, while china , the worlds most popular country, has 7.2 tones per capita. $650 m cut in U.S. military aid to Pakistan Latest jab at Pakistan by the U.S., the House of Representatives has unanimously voted to cut American military aid to Islamabad by $650 million as Republicans sought to tamp down demands for deeper reductions. The amendment to cut the aid, which was proposed by Republican Congressman Ted Poe, passed on the floor in a voice vote. Mr. Poe had demanded a $1.3 billion cut, but settled for the $650 million cut. It will now go to Senate for approval. Pakistan is the Benedict Arnold to America in the war on terror. Putin signs Russia Into WTO President Vladimir Putin on 21 July 2012 singed the bill ratifying Russias entry to the world trade Organization after 18 years of often acrimonious negotiations , economists have long argued that Russia needed to join the WTO as it was the only major economy outside the body. The measure making Russia the 156th WTO member will become law within 30 days . Pakistan and US sign MoU for transporting supplies to Afghan Pakistan and the US on 31 July 2012 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on transporting supplies for NATO forces in Afghanistan through Pakistani territory after weeks of intense negotiations. The MoU states arms and ammunition for foreign troops in Afghanistan cannot be transported through Pakistan and that all cargo will be scanned in the port city of Karachi and at the border crossing points of Chaman and Torkham. The MOU will replace existing arrangements for transporting NATO supplies through Pakistani territory, which were reportedly based on a verbal understanding. Rajkeshwur Purryag is Mauritius Fifth President Rajkeshwur Purryag became the fifth president of Mauritius on 21 July. His predecessor Anerood Jugnauth resigned in March following open conflict with Prime Minister Navin Chandra Ramgoolam. Mahama sworn as Ghanas new president John Dramani Mahama was sworn as Ghanas new president on 24 July 2012.After John Atta Mills, the countrys leader, unexpectedly died at hospital in the capital, Accra. Mahama was forever changed by his boyhood experiences during 1966 military coup.The 53-year-old who had been vice president was born in Bole Bamboi in northern Ghana and holds degrees in history and communications, according to Ghanian media.

12

Ties With China Is Indias Top Priority India on 6 June told china that is sees improving bilateral ties as a priority of its foreign policy and expresses desire to expand strategic cooperation. India Allowed Foreign Direct Investment From Pakistan India on 8 June 2012 announced to allow foreign direct investment from Pakistan. The move is aimed at strengthening the bilateral economic relations between the two countries. The decision will also facilitate the economic integration in the South Asian region. Indian-American Picked For 2nd Highest US Court US president Barrack Obama on 11 June nominated Indian-born legal nominated luminary Srikanth Srinivasan to the Federal Court of Appeals, the highest ever judicial appointment of an Indian-American in the US. There are 13 Court of Appeals across the US with 179 judges, and the Washington DC Appeals Court to which Srinivasan has been nominated is considered particularly influential, with Obama himself calling it the nations second highest court". Dhoni Ranked 31st In The Forbes List Of Worlds 100 Richest Sports Persons In the latest list of worlds 100 richest sports persons list released by Forbes magazine, Indian Cricket Captain M.S.Dhoni achieve 31st position.He moved ahead in the list, while Tendulkar ranked 78th. Boxing champion Floyd May weather topped the list with a total earnings of $85million while pugilist manny pacquiao and golf legend tiger woods on the 2nd and 3rd . BRICS Pledger $75billion to IMFs Bailout Fund India and four other countries of the five nation BRICS bloc has given a big boost to IMFs 430 billion US dollars bailout fund for the debt rocked 17 Nation Eurozone pledging to contribute 75billion us dollars with New Delhis contribution being 10 billion US dollars.the pledge was made at an informal meeting of Brics leaders presided by PM Manmoham singh ahead of the opening of the 7th G-20 summit. Indian Population Booms In Australia: Census Data Latest official census data in Australia has found a boom in Indian population especially with number of Punjabi speaking people rising by over 200 percent.This is the 16th census taken in Australia over the past 100 years with about 9.8 million households surveyed on August 9 last year.The data revealed Australias population rose to 21,507,719, up almost two million or more than 8 percent -in the past five years, and the median age of the growing population rose from 37 in 2006 to 38 when the census was counted last year. The United Kingdom stood as the leading country of birth for the overseas-born population at 20.8 percent and was followed by New Zealand(9.1 percent), China (6.0 percent) and India (5.6 percent)people of Indian origin have seen the largest growth increase at more than 14 percent since 2006, or up almost 150,000. IKEA To Invest Rs.10k-cr In India Amidst a slew of rating downgrade by the international agencies Swedish home furnishing major IKEA on June 22 approached the government with a proposal to invest 1.5billion euros(Rs.10,500 crores) to set up 25 stores in the country under single brand retail FDI. Coca-Cola Bets On India , Plans To Invest $3b More In a Major Thumbs up to India , beverage major coca-cola said on 26June . That it will increase its investment in the country and now put in $5billion by 2020.

13

U.N.: India likely to miss MDG on maternal health With one maternal death reported every 10 minutes, India is likely to miss the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) related to maternal health, a latest United Nations report says. While there is an improvement from maternal death in every six minutes in 2010 to 10 minutes now, the MDG target in this respect is unlikely to be met, the report said. At present, the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) of India is 212 per one lakh live births, whereas the countrys target is 109 per one lakh live births by 2015.The MDG Report 2012 points out that an estimated 2,87,000 maternal deaths occurred in 2010 worldwide. This represents a decline of 47 per cent from 1990 when the MDGs were set. Indo-Pak foreign secretary-level talks Pakistan remains defiant on state actors behind the Mumbai terror attacks, but sought more information on the revelations made by 26/11 handler Abu Jundal. Speaking at a joint press conference after 4,5 July 2012 a two-day talks that concluded at Hyderabad House in New Delhi , Indias Foreign Secretary Ranjan Mathai stressed that relations between two countries have to be normalized despite serious differences over the terror issue. India 3rd Most Attractive , says UN Report India emerged as the third most attractive investment destination after china & US for global companies , a UN report said on 5 July 2012 . Foreign direst Investment flows into India increased by 30% to $32 billion in 2011. While china attracted $124 billion last year. Brazil & Russia attracted $67 billion and $53 billion, Mauritius Offers India 2 Islands In Its Bid To Preserve Tax Treaty Mauritius foreign affairs and trade minister Arvin Boolell said that it was up to India to use the Islands to its advantage. Blue Economy had great potential . India could use north & South Agalega Islands(which are located 1.100 km north of Mauritius and have an official total area of 70 sq km, for setting up hotels and tourist resorts , for trade, marine studies , or for building strategic presence in the Indian ocean. Sri Lanka, Indian navies hold maritime boundary talks India and Sri Lanka discussed maritime matters, including the issue of fishermen straying in each others territorial waters, as they held a crucial annual meeting aimed at strengthening naval relationship. The 21st International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) meeting between SriLanka and India was held onboard the Sri Lanka Naval Ship Sagara at the Indo-Sri Lanka Maritime Boundary Line off Kankasanthurai on 7 July 2012, EU Carbon Tax: Us Invites India For Initiative To Create Global Consensus India is among the 16 countries that have been invited to attend a US-led initiative to decide on what action should be taken at the global against the imposition of European Union-emission trading system. Under the system , which came into effect from January 1 , 27 member. European Union asked all International airlines flying in and out of the region to meet specific carbon emission requirement , failing which they would have to pay tax. India Aims To Double Trade with West Africa Indian has set up a target of $40 billion trade turnover with the West African Nations from the present $20 billion. Mr.Sharma. along with Ghanas trade & Industry Minister Hanna Tettch, inaugurated the India show ACCRA (GHANA) on 9 July 2012. Mr.shrama said that India had also set a target of $90 billion trade with Africa by 2015.The total trade between India & Africa was around 450 billion till last year. Singapore Prime minister, Lee Hsien Loong visited India Singapore Prime Minister, Lee Loong visited India on a three day trip. India and

14

Singapore signed three key bilateral agreements and a Memorandum of understanding (MOU) on 11 July. The two countries are working on deepening economic relations even outside south-east Asia, building linkages with companies where India and Singapore were associated. Singapore is not only an important trading partner in ASEAN but also a major source of FDI in flows in India. India is Singapores eight largest investor . India Singapore bilateral trade accelerated to USD 17.44 billion from USD 14.04 in2009-10 . The holistic agreement turned out to be fruitful and both the countries expect to achieve better milestones together. UK bans Indian Mujahideen The UK has banned Indian Mujahideen, citing the indiscriminate mass casualty attacks" carried out by the Lashkar-e-Tayiba-linked terror group in India and the threat it posed to British nationals there.British MPs voted unanimously last night to ban IM, placing it on the list of 47 organisations that have been banned from functioning in the UK. India Draws U.S Ire Over Nexavar Row The U.S administration has accused India of violating WTO norms by allowing Hyderabad based Natco Pharma to make a generic version of cancer drug Nexavar, In march this year, for the first time India had invoked a law permitting natco Pharma to manufacture and sell cancer treatment drug Nexavar at a price, over 30 times lower than charged y its patent holder bayer corporation under compulsory licensing , the government had allowed . Natco to sell the drug at a price not exceeding Rs.8.880 for a pack of 120 tablets compared to the whopping Rs.2.80 lakh per month charged by Bayer for its patented Nexavar Drug. 8 Indian companies in Fortune 500 List Eight Indian companies have made the cut in the list of the worlds 500 largest companies compiled by fortune Magazine, with Indian oil & Reliance Industries finding a place in the top 100.American companies have covered 132 places in the list, followed by china 73 seats and Japan 68 seats. Australia to restart uranium supply to India Months after reversing its policy of not selling uranium to India, Australia on 11th July, said it was in the process of working out internal arrangements to ensure supply of the yellowcake (Uranium) to New Delhi. In December last year, Australias ruling Labor led by Prime Minister Julia Gillard cleared the way for the Australian uranium to be exported to India after a strong debate on the floor of the partys 46th national conference. Australia has the worlds largest reserves of uranium and its ores are considered to be of superior quality among those found elsewhere across the globe. Currently, Australia exports uranium to China, Japan, Taiwan and the United States. However, it had earlier declined sale to India citing a policy that barred nuclear trade with countries that were not signatories to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Russia, china Votes resolution on Syria , India Votes in favour Russia and China today vetoed a new UN Security Council resolution that would have slapped new sanctions against President Bashar Al Assads regime, while India was among the 11 countries that voted in favour. Pakistan and south Africa abstained. India Fares Poorly In Child welfare India fares poorly among middle-income countries when it comes to overall well-being of children even as the world witnessed significant progress in child health, education and nutrition during the last decade. India has slipped by 12 ranks since 1995 and is placed 112th in the global Child Development Index released by Save the Children, the worlds leading independent NGO that works for child rights. According to the report, Japan is at present the best place in the world for a child, followed by Spain, Germany, Italy, France, Canada, Switzerland, UK and Norway. The US is ranked 24 in the Index, while Australia is

15

at 16th place and China is at 29th. Somalia is at the bottom. India bans US-sanctioned Iranian ships to enter its water India has prohibited US-sanctioned Iranian ships from entering its water as it is hampering crude oil imports from Iran. In early July, the government had allowed crude oil import from Iran in ships arranged by Tehran after European sanctions evaporated insurance cover to domestic shippers. However, Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL) and other state refiners are allowed to import oil from Iran on cost, insurance and freight (CIF ) basis wherein Tehran was to arrange for ships and insurance. We were to import four tankers or cargoes of about 90,000 tonne each from Iran in July. But we could only get one as the CIF approval was withdrawn, MRPL Managing Director PP Upadhya. US has sanctioned National Iranian Tanker Co and its 58 vessels some of which have been reflagged in other nations to put off international sanctions.

NATIONAL
NPCIL Sets A Record In Production Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) produced a 32,455 million units of power in the financial year 2011-12, marking an increase of 23% from 26,473 million units generated in 2010-11. Its 19 operating reactors, with a total installed capacity of 4,680MW generated the 32,455 million units. Worlds First Women Paramilitary Band The Worlds first all women paramilitary pipe band on 9 April 2012, marched to its maiden tune after it got its ceremonial colours under the CRPF at an event, during the Valour Day celebrations in New Delhi. Minister Of State for Home Jitendra Singh presented the ceremonial pipe mace to the band commander, called Major of pipes, sub inspector Darshana Kumari. In 1986 the first women CRPF battalion was established. New Naval UAV Squadorn Inducted The Eastern Naval Command gt a fill up with the commissioning of a new naval air squadorn an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Squadorn at INS Parundu, the naval air station at Ramnathapuram in Tamil Nadu. It is the third of its kind in the Indian Navy and the first on the Eastern Coast. INAS344 was commissioned on 11 April 2012 by Flag Officer Commanding in-chief of Eastern Naval Command Vice Admiral Anil Chopra. The aircraft with long endurance and stealth capabilities are suited for search and detection. Efftronics Instruments Get RDSO Nod A city based Efftronics Systems Pvt Ltd has developed the countrys first ever solid state block instrument that is a micro computer supported electronic equipment approved for the use in railway signalling. The Luknow based Research Designs & Standards Organisaton of the Indian Railways ( RDSO) approved the product. It helps in running more number of trains on the same track, it gives stress-free operational environment with smooth push buttons. Union Cabinet Approved Extension of Funding For Swavalamban Scheme The Union Cabinet on 12 April 2012 approved the extension of funding support for implementing the Swavalamban scheme under the new pension system (NSP) from three years to five years for all subcribers enrolled during 2010-11,2011-12 and 2012-13. The cabinet decide to provide an additional funding support of Rs. 2065crore to the scheme till 2016-17. The cabinet decision will benefit 70 lakh workers in the unorganised sector. Union Cabinet Approved A Proposal To Set Up SPV For GSTN The Union Cabinet on 12 April 2012 approved a proposal to set up a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for Goods and Service Tax Network (GSTN) to help facilitate the smooth

16

introduction of the New Indirect Tax regime. GSTN SPV is to be incorporated as section 25 not for profit private limited company in which strategic control would be held by the centre. It will provide IT infrastructure& services to various Stakeholders including the centre & states. Union Cabinet Approved, Amendment In the Registration of Births & Deaths Act, 1969 The Union Cabinet on 12 April 2012 gave its approval to the introduction of a bill seeking amendment in the Registration of Births & Deaths Act 1969 to include registration of marriages as well, so that the existing administrative mechanism of marriage in accordance with the specified procedures and be able to maintain necessary records and statistics for registration of marriages also. The proposal Bill is set to benefit the women from unnecessary harassment in matrimonial & maintenance cases. It also seeks to provide evidentiary value in the matters of custody of children. Worlds Most Influential Mamata Banerjee On Time List West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has been named by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the world released on 18 April 2012. 270 Million Indians Are Illiterate According to the report by the International Youth Foundation (IYF), there are an estimated 270 million Indians aged 15 and older who are illiterate, while young women aged 15 to 24 are twice as likely as young men their age to be illiterate. people remain illiterate in India despite the country making major progress in cutting down illiterate , by opening number of schools. Asias First & Largest Solar Power Park In India, Dedicated A 600MW solar power park, and the Asias first & largest was dedicated to the nation by the Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi on 19 April 2012. The park is situated in the states Patan district has a power generation capacity of 600MW, covering 3,000 acres of the waste land bordering of the Rann of Kutch and generating two- third of Indias total 900Mw of solar power production TRAI Made Mandatory for Second Billing Option To Customers The Indian Telecoms Regulatory TRAI issued a directive to all mobile phone operators in India on 20 April 2012 making it mandatory for the operators to offer a per second billing option to customers. The new directive allowed telecoms carriers to charge premium services that mostly include phone calls and text messages sent to participate in TV and Radio programmes. Union Government decided on 1 million cap on ECB For Aviation Sector The Union Government on 20 April 2012 permitted companies engaged in the aviation sector to raise working capital resources through the External Commercial Borrowings (ECBs) route to the tune of $ 1 million. The limit for individual airline companies was set at $ 300 million. This limit can be availed themselves of either in a lumpsum or in tranches, depending on the utilisation of the limit during the one year, when the facility is available. So far airlines were allowed to raise foreign capital only for import of capital equipment such as aircraft. India Second Most Economically Confident Country Indians continue to be among the worlds most confident people about their economy on account of moderating inflationary presence and the easing of tight money policy stance of the Reserve Bank, Said a report. According to global research firm Ipsos India had emerged as the second most ergonomically confident nation for the second consecutive time with 75% and Saudi Arabia with 89% stood top most and China with 71% in third most . India has overtaken Japan to become the second largest economy in terms of

17

purchasing power parity and is heading for accelerated growth. Rajya sabha Passed The Right Of Children To Free & Compulsory Education Bill 2010. The Rajya Sabha , the upper house of Indian parliament on 24 April 2012, passed the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education ( Amendment) bill 2010. The amendment seeks to provide the right to receive home-based education to children with severe disabilities. The amended bill gives school management committees and advisory role in minority schools, both aided and unaided , and keeps madrases and vedic schools and other institutions providing primarily religious instructions out of the perview of the Act. India Accounted For 47% of Measles Deaths in 2010 As per a recent World Health Organisation ( WHO) study, published in the British Medical Journal, The Lancet, on 23 April 2012 India accounted for about 47% of Measles deaths in 2010, while Africa recorded 36% of deaths due to the same disease. The study revealed that the death rates from measles went down by 74% between 2000 & 2010, but it missed the WHO target of 90%. Africa & India two key regions of the World where a large number of cases related to measles came into light significantly under performed which led the WHO to miss its target Sachin Tendulkar, nominated to Rajya Sabha Indian cricket star Sachin Tendulkar, who celebrated his 39th birthday recently will enter the Rajya Sabha along with Bollywood actress Rekha and industrialist Anu Aga. The nomination of the three personalities was approved on 25 April 2012by the president Pratibha Patil under the article 80 of the constitution. Information & Broadcasting Ministry Notified Cable Television Networks Rules, 2012 The information and Broadcasting ( I&B) ministry of India on 28 April 2012 notified the much awaited cable television networks rules, 2012 which paves the way for digitalisation of all the sectors. The I& B ministry had set 30 June 2012 as the date for digitalisation of the cable sector in the four metros and these cables rules would provide the framework on which the digitalised cable network would provide services. As per the new rules, cable operators and multi sector operators will now have to ensure that they have the capability to carry minimum numbers of channels as specified by the Telecoms Regulatory Authority of India. (TRAI) Health Of Urban Poor Worse Than Rural Poor, Parliamentary Panel Health indication of the urban poor are worse than their rural counterparts, a parliamentary panel has said slaming the Government failure to launch a key programme for the health of nine crore people who live in slums in big towns and cities with an increasing number of urban poor and few Government policies for them, the report has slammed the ministry of Health & family welfare for not launching the much talked about National Urban Health Mission (NUHM). E-Challan & Receipt (ECR) Facility Launched Union Minister of Labour & Employment Mallikarjun Kharge inaugurated the E-Challan and receipt (ECR) facility on 1 May 2012 to bring transparency and accessibility for employers in depositing monthly employees Provident Fund or EPF contributions of their workers. Employees under the ECR service would have to register their organisations online and generate challans for making monthly deposits. They can use these challan for either electronically or physically depositing the provident fund or PF contribution to the bank. Union Government Decided To Include Chit Funds Under The Chit Fund Act Union Government decided to include chit funds, an informal pooling of funds from

18

individuals for lending under the chit fund Act of 1982 in six states including Gujarat and Kerala. The decision was meant to help people access the dispute settlement mechanism. Nagaland, Haryana Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh are the other states to come under the Act, providing a cushion for small savers who are at the mercy of local operations of the six states brought under the central ruling, only Kerala operated under the Kerala chit Act of 1975. The other five states had no laws to regulate chit fund operations. Indian Americans in Forbes List of Best Tech Investors Forbes Magazine recently came up with the list of Technologies best investors among which nine are Indian Americans . These influential apersonalities have been successful in creating wealth and funding innovative ideas that help to keep our economy vibrant.Anil Bhasuri, Rob Chandra, Sameer Gandhi, Vinod Khosh, Neeraj Agrawak, Navin Chaddha, Ajay Agarwal, Asheen Chandra and Subrata Mitra are the best Tech investors on the forbes list . Fianace Minister Pranab Mukherjee was Elected As Chair Of ADBs Board Of Governor Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee on 4 May 2012 was elected as Chair of the Asian Development Banks (ADB) Board of Governors. India will host the 46th annual meeting of the Asian Development Bank in New Delhi in 2013. Though India was the founding member of the ADB in 1966, the lending operations in India began two decades late. Tata Group Among 10 Best Companies for Leadership in Asia The Tata Group is at the fifth position among the ten best companies for leadership in Asia list , according to study by management consultancy Gaint Hay Group. The topped company in the list is Samsung group followed by Tayota Motors and Unilever at the second and third positions . The study said that innovation was the prime factor hat made Tata Groups to find place among the top names in Asia . Others in the top 10 in Asia are Nestle, IBM Corp, Sony Corp, Procter & Gamble , Coca- Cola and Petronas. Among the global best leadership companies are General Electric as at the top followed by Procter 7 Gamble, IBM, Microsoft and Coca- Cola. Report Placed India On Fifth In Cyber Crime India, according to a report published by the Security and Defence Agenda (SDA) and McAfee on 6 May 2012, ranked fifth in the list of countries affected of Cyber Crime. The report cyber security, The Vexed Question of Global Rules, rated the internet privacy in the country as low. Brussels based SDA spoke to leading global security exports to ensure that findings would offer useful recomendations and actions. Bihar C.M Nitish Kumar Took Oath As Member of BLC Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, Deputy Chief Minister Sushil Kumar Modi, former chief minister and RJD leader Rabri Devi sworn in as members of the Bihar Legislative Council on 7 May 2012. The leaders were administered oath by state Legislative Council chairman Salim Parvej. Qualcomm Recieved The Broadband Wireless Access Spectrum Qualcomm, the US chipmaker received on 8 May 2012 by the Department of reduced the companys period of licence the licence agreement. The time period from 5 to 3.5 years. the Broadband Wireless Access(BWA) spectrum Telecommunications ( DoT). The DoT however, use to 18.5 years from 20 years as mentioned in to meet the rollout obligations was also reduced

The Union Cabinet Approved the 7.6 Billion Dollar TAPI Gas Pipeline Project (TGPP) The Union Cabinet Approved the 7.6 Billion Dollar TAPI Gas Pipeline Project (TGPP) on 17

19

May 2012. The TAPI gas pipeline project which organisation from the central Asian Nation Turkmenistan and reaches to India via Afghanistan and Pakistan is also referred to as the Peace Pipeline as some of the countries that it passes through dont enjoy good relationship with each other. The TAPI gas project will have a total length of 1680 km of the total length 144 km will be in Turkmenistan, 735 km in Afghanistan and 800 km in Pakistan, bringing it to the Indian borders. The pipeline, will be entirely functional in 2018 and supply gas over the next thirty years. 6th Best University in Country Osmania University has been ranked Sixth among Indias best Universities as per as survey conducted by the India Today-Nielsen dor 2012 . The varsity was Ranked seventh last year. Report on Status of Implementation of SCs and STs Act 1989 Released The report on the status of implementation of SCs an d STs ( prevention of Atrocities) Act 1989 and Rules 1995 was released by the first Dalit chief Justice of India, Justice K.G.Balakrishna on 18 May 2012. The report was prepared by the National Coalition after collecting evidence by visiting the places of incidents and talking to victims across India for strengthening SCs and STs( Prevention of Atrocities ) Act. The report revealed substantial increace in cases of violence against SCs and Sts. It also highlighted loopholes in the implementation of the SCs and ST s Act and agreed that it has not been able to check atrocities against Dalits and Adivasis in an affective manner. Andhra Pradesh High Court set aside 4.5 Per Cent Sub-Quota for Minorities The Andhra Pradesh High Court on 28 May 2012 invalidated the 4.5 per cent sub-quota for minorities carved out of the 27 per cent reservation for OBCs by the Union government.A high court division bench of Chief Justice Madan Lokur and Justice P VSanjay Kumar quashed the sub-quota as it observed that the Union governments move was based on religious lines and not any other consideration.The court was hearing to a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by backward classes leader R Krishnaiah against the sub-quota.

Indi Stood At No.3 In Reality Rate Hike Even as first time buyers are exhaustion their saving to by a home, reality rates in India are going to roof .Property prices increased by 12% ,propelling India to their position among 53 countries. The Global Index Survey by Knight Frank, property consultants , shows that Brazil recorded the strongest annual growth (23.5%) in the past years ,followed by estonia with a growth rate of (13.9%). India May Become 1st Fallen Angel In BRIC S&P warns India may lose Investment grade Rating . Global rating agency standard &poors on 11 June cautioned that India seriously risks losing its investment grade rating. Maruti Suzuki India Ltd Decided To Merge With Suzuki Power train India Ltd Maruti Suzuki India Ltd decided to get into a merger with Suzuki Power train India Ltd .This initiative will help them prepare and meet the increasing demand for diesel vehicles. Zakir Hussain Calls Off Israel Visit Tabla maestro Zakir Hussain has called off a series of performances scheduled to be held in Israel later this month, in the wake of an appeal made by 85 artistes, writers and activists. The Indian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (INCACBI) had appealed to Mr. Hussain as an artiste of conscience to cancel the scheduled performance since it would lend a stamp of approval to Israeli policies of colonialism, apartheid and occupation.

20

Aptech Creates Countrys First 3D Ad Film Aptechs education brand Arena multimedia has created the first 3D commercial to became future ready, the leader in animation training is targeting the forth coming 3D movie releases in multiplexes with its latest ad. Censorship cases In India Up To 49% says Google As part of its Transparency report Google on 18 June said that it had received 101 content removal requests from Indian authorities to between July & December last year, asking it to delete 255 items from its websites of these Just 5 requests were made by courts. Calcutta High Court Scrapped The Singur Land Rehabilitation And Development Act, 2011 The Calcutta High Court on 22 June 2012, held the Singur Land Rehabilitation and Development Act, 2011 as unconstitutional and void. The legislation enabled the government to recover the disputed Singur land from Tata Motors, who was leased 997 acre of land at Singur in Hooghly district by previous left front government in the state. Free Madicines For All Scheme To Be Rolled Out From October Schemes outlay pegged at Rs.28.500 Cr. center to bear 75% of the cost.facility to be available at all govt hospitals. Indias Ambitious polices to provide free medicines to all patients attending a government health facility across the country will be rolled out from October. Sunita Williams To Embark On Space Mission Again Indian-American astronaut Sunita Williams is all set to return to the International Space Station, where she spent a record six months in 2006. Delhi Most Competitive City In India EIU Report Delhi has been named the most competitive city in India for its demonstrated ability to attract capital, business, talent and tourists by a new Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) research report.Delhi has been named the most competitive city in India for its demonstrated ability to attract capital, business, talent and tourists by a new Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) research report.The national Capital has edged out financial hub of Mumbai, which ranked70th in the index, followed by Bangalore, Indias Silicon Valley, at 79th rank, Pune at 97, Chennai at 105 and Kolkata at 106. Sam Mittal To Continue As NASSCOM President Sam Mittal will remain as the president of National Association of Software and services companies(NASSCOM).Until early 2014.Mittal took over as NASSCOM president in Jan 2008 and was set to step down by the end if this year. NASSCOM is the 1200 member trae association that represented Indian $100 billion IT industry. Government Secures Kallenbach- Gandhi letters Just Days Before Auction The Indian Government and the family of Herman Kallenbench have struck a deal for papers relating to the Germans correspondence with Mahatma Gandhi some 13 days before the historical material was due to go under the hammer in London .Archive comprises Thousands of letters written over 3 decades.Gandhi and German -Jewish body builder A Architect Hermann kallenbach were friends since 1904. US Federal Court Absolved Carbide Corporation In Bhopal Gas Tragedy Case In What came as a major disappointment for the Bhopal gas tragedy victims, a US federal court on 27 June 2012 absolved Union Carbide corporation and its former chairman Warren Anderson of the Bhopal gas tragedy case.I his ruling US district court Judge John

21

F.Keenam concluded that UCC is neither directly nor as an agent of union carbide India Limited (UCIL) liable for mishap. India & Brazil Set Trade target of $ 15 Billion India on June 14 ,2012 sought investments from Brazil mainly in infrastructure sector for which it needs US$1 trillion over the next five years. The two countries name set a bilateral trade target of US $ 115 billion by the year 2012. India Signed Agreement with Bharain for exchange of Information with Respect to taxes India signed an Agreement with the Government of the kingdom of Bharain for the exchange of Information with respect to taxes(TIEA) . The agreement was signed by Namo Narain meena, Minister of state for Finance(Expenditure and Financial Affairs)on behalf of Government of India and H.E. Kamal ahmad, Minister for transportation and Acting CEO of The economic Development of Bhrain on behalf of Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain.The agreement is based on international standards of transparency and exchange of Information. It incorporates provision for effective exchange of information including banking information between tax authorities of the two countries, It has been provided that the Exchange of Information shall be on request and without regard to the domestic interest. The agreement will enhance mutual cooperation between the two countries by having effective exchange of information in tax matters. MoU signed between India & Canada on Infrastructure development, Operation & Maintanance of Roads Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed between India and Canada during the visit of Dr.C.P. Joshi, the Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways to Canada on the invitation from dnis Label, Minister of transport, Infrastructure & communication, Government of Canada from 10-13 June,2012.The MoU will facilitate sharing and exchange of knowledge and technical expertise in the areas of infrastructure development, operation and maintenance of roads, Intelligent Transport system etc. US Exempt India form Iran Oil sanctions The US has exempted India and six other nations from its tough Iran oil sanctions. Besides India, Malaysia, South Korea, South Africa, SriLanka. Turkey and Taiwan too have been added to the exemption list, leaving china and Singapore, the top two buyers of Iranian crude.India and South Korea, exempted, were the third and fourth- largest buyers of Iranian oil in the first half of lat year, according to the US Department of energy. India Worst Place for Women Among top 19 Countries Indias Women are discriminated against, abused and even killed on a scale unparalleled in the top 19 economies of the world, according to a new poll by the Thomson Reuters Foundation.The Survey, Polling 370 gender specialists, found Canada to be the best place to be an woman among G-20 nations, excluding the European Union economic grouping. Saudi Arabia was the second worst, after India.The poll results-based on parameters such as quality of health services, threat of Physical and sexual violence, level of political voice, and access to property and land rights jars with the modern-day image of India. Social security agreement between India and Finland signed India and the republic of Finland signed an agreement on Social security. This agreement will enhance cooperation on social security between the two countries. For short term contract up to 5 years, no social security contribution would need to be paid under the finish law by the detached workers provided they continue to make social security payment in India, The self employed Indians in Republic of Finland would also be entitled to export of social security benefit on their relocation to India There are about 5.000 Indians in the republic of Finland most of whom are working as professionals and self-

22

employed.

Western Ghats Now In World Heritage List The Western Ghats has made it to the coveted list of world Heritage sites. The world Heritage committee, meeting in st.Petersburg, Russia, late on Sunday 1 July 2012 , decided to inscribe 39 serial sites of the western Ghats of India on the world Heritage list. The Western Ghats was inscribed under criteria 9 and 10 of the operational Guidelines of the world Heritage convention. Vinod B. Mathur, Dean of the Wild Life institute of India told from Russia . To explain it clearly, Western Ghats are those properties which contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding Universal value from the point of science conservations. Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2011 Every four minutes, one person takes his own life in this country and one in every five suicides is that of a housewife. This and other startling figures are part of a government report Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India 2011 released here recently. According to the report, the number of suicides have increased in 2011 by 0.7 per cent to touch 1,35,585 compared to 1,34,599 in the previous year. West Bengal has reported the highest number of suicides (16,492) accounting for 12.2 per cent followed by Tamil Nadu (15,963), Maharashtra (15,947), Andhra Pradesh (15,077) and Karnataka (12,622). These 5 States together accounted for 56.2 per cent of the total suicides reported in the country. Cabinet clears Rs.25 Crore Plan To Airlift Bhopal Waste Almost three decades after deadly gasses spread out of the Union carbide plant in Bhopal, the union cabinet has finally approved the proposal to airlift 350 tonnes of toxic waste from the defunct pesticide factory site to Germany for sale disposal. The central government will pay rs.25Lakh to German firm G12 to remove the waste. Crime Report 2011 from NCRB National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) releases its data of crime happen in India for the year 2011. The report made public shows alarming situation of crime in India. Highlights of this reports given below. The report shows crimes under IPC has registered a 2.5%rise in 2011 over previous year; while crimes under special and local laws -such as Arms Act and Gambling Act have declined by 7.4%.Total number of crimes reported in India in 2011 are 62.5 lakh. Delhi, Kanpur, Mumbai and Bengaluru accounted for 9.9% , 7.3%, 6.7% and 6.3% of criminal activities, respectively. Andhra Pradesh accounting for nearly 7% of the population of the country recorded 12.4% of the total crimes against women in India. Free Medicines For All Scheme Centers $5.4 b plan to benefit makers of generics. India has put in a place a 4 5.4 billion policy to provide. Free medicine to its people, a decision that could change the lives of hundreds of millions, but a ban on branded drugs stands to cut Big pharma out of the wind fall. This policy to be implemented by the end of 2012 and rolled out nation wide in 2 years, is expected to provide 52 percent of the population with free drugs by April 2017. Union Government Of India Unveiled New Free Drug Policy The Union Government of India unveiled the 5.4 billion dollar free drug to benefit countrys 120 crore population. Under the new policy, every citizen of the country will be provided free medicines in all public health centers spreaded across the country. As the Ministry of Health and Family welfare kept branded drugs out of this policy, the patients will be given only generic drugs. The policy which will remain effective over the next five years will provide a much needed support to nearly 40% people of the country, which

23

spends 1.25 dollar or less a day on health. States Advised To Give Preferences To Drinking Water & Irrigation Supply An Alarming depletion in the water levels (at 57 percent of last years stage ) of important reservoirs, owing to the delayed and weak south west monsoon, has prompted the central government to issue an advisory to the states on 9 July 2012 to make Judicious and regulated releases. The states have been told to enhance ground water use, Deficient storage in all major dams, expect those in central India. Least UN-Employed States Indias jobless rate stood at 3.8 percent last fiscal, with Daman & Diu and Gujarat topping the list of least un-employment among states and Union territories. Indias unemployment is better than other countries like US, Spain and South Africa. The latest report for the year 2011-12 released by the labour bureau . Daman & Diu and Gujarath had un-employment rates of 0.6% and 1% respectively. Chhhattisgardh stood at 3rd , Rajasthan stood at 4th and Punjab stood in 5th place. Delhi is Indias most competitive city, Mumbai next Delhi has emerged the most competitive city in the country for the third straight time with the commercial hub of Mumbai retaining the second spot, according to a report by an international think tank released on 11 July 2012.Chennai, Hyderabad and Kolkata, in that order, make up the top five in rankings of the India City Competitiveness Report-2012, compiled by the Institute for Competitiveness (IFC) that conducts studies in this area for use by businesses and governments. Centre Ask States To Video Graph Gram sabha Proceedings Aiming to strengthen the functioning if panchayat Raj institutions, center has advised state governments to video graph Gramsabha proceedings, besides introducing a slew of schemes for improving their set up. For strengthening Gramsabhas with the help of ITenabled measures, four software including a web portal have been launches by the Ministry and states are being encourages to adopt it, Union HRD Ministry Granted Two Central Universities In Bihar Conceding to the demand of Bihar chief minster Nitish kumar, the Union human Resource Development Ministry agreed to set up two central Universities in the state. The Union Governments nod for two central universities also put an end to the 3-year long impasse over the location of the University . There are 41 central Universities functioning in India at present , with Delhi and up have a maximum of 4 Universities each. Chandrayaan-II Awaits Government Nod Indian Space Research Organization chairman k.Radha Krishna said chandrayaan-II , the countrys second mission to Moon, was in the last phase of security approval from the Government and a decision was likely to be announced soon. presenting an overview of the forthcoming missions, Dr,Radha Krishnan said chandrayaan-II was slated for 2012 launch. LTTEs Strong Anti-India Posture Continues; Govt Extends Ban Government has extended the ban on LTTE declaring that it continues to adopt a strong anti- India posture and pose a grave threat to the security of its citizens. LTTE was banned in India in the aftermath of the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991.In a notification, the Home Ministry said the activities of LTTE are detrimental to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India and there is a continuing strong need to control all such separatist activities by all possible means. LTTE continues to adopt a strong anti-India posture as also continues to pose a grave threat to the security of Indian nationals, it is necessary to declare LTTE as an unlawful association with immediate effect, Home minister said.

24

Tribal Reserve in Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Supreme Court of India on 3 July 2012 declared the area within a five-kilometre radius around the Jarawa Tribal Reserve in Andaman and Nicobar Islands as no go zone. The Apex Court banned all commercial and tourism activities near the Jarawa habitat. The courts verdict came following a news report which showed some tourists throwing money, food and bananas at the tribal people. The news report had forced the government to order an inquiry. Jarawas are one of the oldest living indigenous people in the world. The tribe has their home in the forests of the Andaman Islands in India. The present number of Jarawa tribe is estimated to be about 250-400. Jarawas have been living in the forests of the Andaman Islands for past thousands of years. INS Sahyadri Adds Teeth To Blue water Navy In the salty sea breeze of an overcast Mumbai monsoon day, the countrys latest warship, the INS Sahyadri, joined the Indian Navy on 21 July 2012. The tricolour and the naval ensign were hoisted, the national anthem played, and AK Antony, the defence minister, formally commissioned the bristling 5,600-tonne warship, urging the crew to promote peace and stability in the Indian Ocean Region. the Sahyadri is the Indian Navys 134th ship. Another 46 vessels are under construction, 43 of these in India including three 6,800 tonne destroyers under Project 15A; four similar warships under Project 15B; four 2,500 tonne corvettes under Project 28; and six Scorpene submarine sunder Project 75. Pranab Mukherjee 13th President of India

Pranab Kumar Mukherjee, 76, was declared elected the 13th president on 22 July 2012. The UPA nominee defeated the former Lok sabha speaker, P.A.Sangama, by 3,97,776 value voter. While Mr. Mukherjee polled 3,095 votes(value 7,13,763) Mr.Sangama got 1483 votes (3.15.987). Mr.Mukherjee who will be sworn in by chief justice of India S.H.Kapadia New Delhi on 23 July 2012. Secured 68.12% of the total 10,47,971 valued votes cast by 4.659 members of the state/Territorial Assemblies and parliament. Only the former president, K.R.Narayanan,secured the maximum value votes of 9,56,290(94.97%) When he won in the 1997 election against the former chief election commissioner, T.N.Seshan. Uttar Pradesh Government renames Eight Districts in the State Uttar Pradesh government on 23 July 2012 rechristened eight districts in the state, which had been given a new name by erstwhile BSP government. The UP governments decision to restore the early name of the districts, which were named after the dalit and OBC icons by the previous Mayawati led government, was taken in a cabinet meeting presided over by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav. Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar was rechristened as Amethi, while Rambai Nagar was named Kanpur Dehat. The districts namely Bheem Nagar, Prabuddha Nagar and Panchseel Nagar will now be known as Sambhal, Shamli and Hapur respectively. Similarly, Kanshiram Nagar, Mahamaya Nagar and JP Nagar will be known as Kasganj, Hathras and Amroha respectively. Supreme Court allowed Tamil Nadu to carry out Small Maintenance Works on the Mullaperiyar Dam The Supreme Court of India on 23 July 2012 allowed Tamil Nadu government to carry out repair and maintenance works on the Mullaperiyar dam. However, the court instructed that the repairing and maintenance work is to be carried out in the presence of the Superintending Engineer of Kerala and an independent member nominated by the Chairman of the Central Water Commission. Changes in Union Cabinet Congress on 31 July 2012 saw as natural the changes in the Union Cabinet that has witnessed P Chidambaram moving to Finance and Sushilkumar Shinde to Home. This is Prime Ministers prerogative after Pranab Mukherjees election as President.

25

Naturally there was a vacancy in the Finance Ministry. Chidambaram was today made the Finance Minister as Prime Minister Manmohan Singh effected a minor reshuffle in portfolios in the Union Cabinet, Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde is the new Home Minister in place of Chidambaram, Corporate Affairs Minister M Veerappa Moily was given the additional charge of Power Ministry.

STATES
Financial City In Bangalore Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee on 8 April 2012, laid the foundation stone for the countrys first financial city, being built by the state run IFCI Infrastructure Development Ltd ( IIDL) at the Hardware park near the International airport a Bagalur, about 30 km from Bangalore. Indias Largest Solar Power Plant In Rajasthan L&T Commissions Indias largest solar power plant (40 MWP) owned by Reliance power Limited at Dhursar village in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan. The company officials said L&T Construction, as the largest (EPC) Engineering, Procurement & Construction player in solar power, executed the plant from concept, including detailed design to commissioning in 129 days. 4G Services Launched In Kolkata Union Telecommunications Minister Kapil Sibal had Launched the countrys first ever fourth Generation Mobile services from Bharti Airtel in Kolkata on 10 April 2012. Adarsh Judicial Commission Its Interim Report to Maharashtra Govt The two member Adarsh Judicial Commission set up by the Maharashtra Government to probe into the scan-tained Adarsh Housing Society submitted its interim report to the state Government on 13 April 2012. The commission was formed under N.N.Kumbahar. It included the commissions findings on two issues ownership of the land in Mumbai where the 31 storey Adarsh building stands and whether the land was reserved for Kargil war widows and their relatives.The commission refuses to rely on property card submitted by state as evidence. The army was not dispossessed of Khukari park by either the state or the Adarsh society. Uttar Pradesh Government Scrapped The Post of Cabinet Secretary The Uttar Pradesh Government on 27 April 2012 decided to scrap the post of cabinet secretary of the state. The cabinet also decided to withdraw a proposed amendment bill meant to give immunity to panchayat heads from no- confidence motion for two years. The decision to withdrew Kshetra Panchayat and district panchayat amendment bill 2011 proposed by previous Mayawati Government was taken in a cabinet. State Owned Oil Companies Reduced Jet Fuel, Prices State owned oil companies for the second time in the month of April reduced jet fuel prices by a marginal Rs. 312 per kilolitre on 30 April 20121. The price of aviation turbine fuel (ATF) jet fuel, in the reduction was announced in the wake of Rs. 169.3 per KL cut inrates effected from 16 April 2012. IICT Hopes to Establish Deflouridation Plants in A.P & Rajasthan The Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) is looking forward to establish model deflouridation units in Rajasthan after designing and commissioning various low-cost groundwater defluoridation plants in flurosis affected villages of Andhra Pradesh. Flurosis is a dreaded disease which is caused due to the presence of excess fluoride in grounwater, which has impacted many people in India, mainly children who are suffering

26

from dental and skeletal deformities primarlly in both the states of Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. Petronet LNG Terminal In Andhra Pradesh Petronet Lng Ltd on 2 May 2012 signed a deal with Andhra Pradeshs Gangavaram port to set up a 5 million tonnes a year liquified natural gas import terminal.The statement from Petronet said the proposed R.s 4,500crore terminal at the Gangavaram port will have facilities for receiving , strong and regasification of LNG. Agreement Signed for Pranahitha Chevella Irrigation Project Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N.Kiran Kumar Reddy and his Maharashtra counterpart Prithviraj Chavan, on 5 May 2012 signed an agreement in New Delhi to set up an inter state board for speedy execution of the Rs. 40,300 crore Pranahitha -Chevella irrigation project, that will serve both states .The agreement was signed in the presence of Union water Resources minister Pawan Kumar Bansal Dr. B.R.Ambedkar pranahitha chevella sujatha sravanthi project, which Andhra Pradesh wants to be declared as a national project. Government Cleared Rs.8500 crore Project to Naxalite Affected Districts The Union Government on 17 May 2012 cleared a Rs 8500 crore project under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) with an objective to connect 6000 habitation in the 78 naxalite affected districts of nine states. Under the project money will be utilised for new connectivity and upgradation of habitations.norms of PMGSY were released for the first time to provide road connectivity to these habitations, in view of the biggest beneficiary of this package. There are some 1000 unconnected habitations in nine naxal hit districts of Bihar and another 2500 in 17 districts in Jharkhand. The remaining habitations are spread over 18 districts in Orissa 16 in Chhatisgarh, 8 in M.P and A.P, 3each in West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh and 2 in Maharashtra. P.Chidambaram to Head Reconstituted Panel of Inter-State Council The standing committee of the Inter-State council has been reconstituted with Home minister P.Chidambaram as Chairman and Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee and nine chief ministers, including Tamil Nadu C.M Jayalalitha and Gujarat C.M Narendra Modi as members. A number of union ministers belonging to congress allies in the UPA have also been given representation in the committee which was reconstituted by Prime minister Manmohan Singh.

CONFERENCES
7th ASEAN Education Minister Meeting(ASED) in Indonesia 7th ASEAN education Ministers meeting on July 4 with the 1st Asean plus three education Minister Meeting and the 1st East Asia Summit Education Minister meeting from July4-5 in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The 1st East Asia Meeting was attended by delegates from Asean member countries Australia, china ,India ,Japan, republic of South Korea , New zealand and the United states of America.Indias Representative is Educational Minister puradareswari . Tokyo Conference Pledges $16 billion to Afghanistan International donors on 8 July 2012 pledged $16 billion in badly needed development aid for Afghanistan over the next 4 years. The major donors conference, attended by about 70 countries and organizations, is aimed at setting aid levels for the crucial period through and beyond 2014,when most NATO led foreign troops will leave and the wartorn country will assume responsibility for most of its own security. Afghanistan

27

president Humid Karzai urged the international community not to abandon his country. South Africa to host first World Hindi Conference The first World Hindi Conference (WHC) will be held in Johannesburg, South Africa from September 22-24. The first World Hindi Conference in September will see experts hold a range of serious scholarly discussions. Jointly organized by the Indian Government, the Hindi Shiksha Sangh of South Africa (HSS) and the Indian Cultural Centre here, the event will be held from September 22 to 24. A large delegation from India comprising around 500 to 600 participants, in addition to about 300 from South Africa will join various other international delegates. NASA Includes Two Indian Innovators On Waste Management NASA, the US space agency has included two Indian innovates for its conference on waste management. Nitin Gupta from Attero Recycling and Anshu Gonj from Goonj are among nine innovators from across the globe that made it to the NASA conference on waste management, which started on 20 July 2012. Gupta from Attero Recycling is Indias leading provider of end to end electronic and electrical goods e-waste management services, while Goonj is a grass roots NGO focused on transforming and revaluing clothing and textiles waste by working on these issues directly at the community level. US hosts 19th International AIDS Conference The worlds largest meeting on HIV/AIDS opened on 22nd July in Washington with calls to speed up the global response to the three-decade-long epidemic that killed 1.5 million people last year.The 19th International AIDS Conference drew around 25,000 people, including politicians, scientists and activists, as well as some of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV who will tell their stories. Two Day 20th ASEAN Summit The two days 2th Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit was chaired by the Hunsen, the Cambodian Prime Minister on 3 April 2012 in Cambodia. The summit themed (ASEAN) one community one destiny was gathered by the heads of states or Government from 10 ASEAN members. The summit is expected to discuss a wide range of issues including the implementation of the roadmap for an (ASEAN ) Community Building and for (ASEAN ) integration work plan. India -Russia Seventh Joint Working Meeting The seventh meeting of the India-Russia Joint Working Group was held in New Delhi on 11 April 2012. India & Russia held comprehensive discussion on combating international terrorism and reaffirmed their commitment to consolidate bilateral interaction in the fight against this menace. The two countries emphasised that cooperation in countering new challenges and threats is an integrate part of the India- Russian special and privileged Strategic partnership RIC Meeting In Moscow The Russia, India and China (RIC) trilateral conference was held in Mascow on 13 April 2012. Where came up with discussions over the South China sea and discussed on a range of international issues, including North Korea, Iran Afghanistan terrorism and regional security in Asia and over the issue of new sanctions on North Korea. 6th Summit Of The Americas The 6th Summit of the Americas was held At Cartagena, Colombia on 14 and 15 April 2012. Delegates from 34 heads of states and government addressed the summit , only Cuba not attended the summit due to restrictions from US and other countries. The central theme of the summit is Connecting the Americas The main agenda were the lucrative and destructive drug trade and how the countries of the entire regions could meet while excluding one country, Cuba.

28

World Agriculture Congress-2013 in Hyderabad The World Agricultural Forum, which organised the biannual event last time in Belgium, for2013 year World Agriculture Congress mega event will be hosted by the Hyderabad city for the first time in the country. The state Government had given assurance for all help and support to the World Agriculture Congress. 2-Day G8 Summit In US The 2-day summit of the group of eight (G8) industrialized nations held on 18 May 2012 in Maryland, US. The 2-day summit group together leaders of Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia and the US. The event will discuss issues, including the Eurozone crisis, Iran nuclear standoff, Syria, global energy and food security among others. Despited its wide ranging agenda many analysts expected no major out comes from the gathering. ASEAN, US Meet Over Security Cooperation The US & Southeast Asian Nations on 19 May 2012 embraked on three days of talks that would include security cooperation, shortly after a Pentagon report raised concerns about Chinas military build up . The Philipines, host of the discussions and an Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) members is engaged in a month long maritime stand off with China over a disputed shoal in the South China Sea. Deepening security corporation climate change and trade and investment will all be on the three days of meeting NATO Summit In Chicago A key NATO Summit, gathering more than 50 world leaders, opened in Chicago on 21 May 2012 with a minutes silence for all those who have fallen in combat around the world. Led by NATO chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen and US president Barack Obama, the leaders stood and bowed their heads as a uniformed US bugler played taps. Addressing the themes of the summit Rasmussen vowed to complete the transition to Afghan security by 2014. He also stressed the need to embrace a renewed culture of cooperation vowing that together we will make our partnership deeper, broader and stronger. Andhra Pradesh Population Census The official census 2011 of Andhra Pradesh has been conducted by Directorate of Census Operations in Andhra Pradesh.As per details from Census 2011, Andhra Pradesh has population of 8.46 Crore, an increase from figure of 7.62 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Andhra Pradesh as per 2011 census is 84,665,533 of which male and female are 42,509,881 and 42,155,652 respectively. In 2001, total population was 76,210,007 in which males were 38,527,413 while females were 37,682,594.The total population growth in this decade was 11.10 percent while in previous decade it was 13.86 percent. The population of Andhra Pradesh forms 7.00 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 7.41 percent. State AP Registers Drop in Sex Ratio The future demographic profile of the state looks bleak as the child sex ratio has fallen to 943 from 961 in 2001, released on 7 June 2012.The figures for rural (942) and urban (946). Dimple Yadav Declared Elected Chief Minister Akilesh yadavs wife ,Dimple yadav on 9 June became the first women elected unopposed in a Lok Sabha by election from uttar pradesh and second candidate in the entire state after Purshottam Das Tundons election from Allahabad west in 1952. Assam Government Released Vision Document For Women And Children Assam government on 12 June 2012 released the vision document for the states women

29

and children. The government in the vision document announced to come out with various measures to address the issues like high Maternal Mortality Rate and Infant Mortality Rate in the state.The document talks of reducing Infant mortality rate from 58 to 38 per 1000 live births, reduction in maternal mortality rate (MMR) to 210 per 100000 live birth, reduction of total fertility rate to2.1 per cent, improving child sex ratio, reduction in percentage of anemia in children and women and reducing the percentage of underweight children (0-5 years) by 30 per cent. Arunachal Gets Countrys Fourth Buddhist Centre Arunachal Pradesh, where around 13 percent of the population follows Buddhism, has got its first full-fledged Buddhist centre after Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. The Central Institute of Himalayan Culture Studies at Dahung in West Kameng district, where a majority of the people follow Tibetan Buddhism, is now a full-fledged central institute, according to its founder Tsona Gontse Rinpoche. Five Northeastern States and Himachal Environmentally Sustainable States Pradesh Appraised As Most

The Environmental Sustainable Index (ESI) 2011 released on 14 June 2012, appraised five northeastern states (Tripura, Sikkim, Manipur, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh) and Himachal Pradesh as the most environmentally sustainable states in the country. The index was released by Centre for Development Finance (CDF), affiliated to Institute for Financial Management and Research.Among larger states, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal performed poorly on maximum of environmental indicators while Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka received high ratings. States with rich natural resources like Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar were rated moderate in the chart. YSR Congress Party Won In By-Election In the by-election in A.P for 18 Assembly seats and ! Lok sabha seat, YSR congress party won 15 assembly seat and 1 Lok sabha seat.The ruling party congress won 2 seats .TRS won 1 seat .Drawing a blank , the Telugu Desam suffered the dubious distinction of not having won a single seat in 41 successive by-elections since 2009. Indias First River-lake link project launched In Bundelkhand The Madhya Pradesh government claims to have launched the countrys first ever riverlake linking project in the water-scarce Bundelkhand region. The Harpura irrigation and river-lake link project, launched in the Tikamgarh district, will be implemented under the Centers Rs.7266 crore Bundelkhand package. It will link the perennial Jamni river to the nearby lakes and water bodies built during the Chandel era. Under the project, an additional 1,980 hectares of land are expected to come under irrigation. Rajasthan Un Employment Dole for Graduates The Rajasthan government on 20 June announced an unemployment allowances scheme, with effect from July 1 , for educated youth registered with employment exchanges for more than a year.It provides for an allowance of Rs.500 a month to the eligible candidate

Jandhyala In Now Chief I-T Commissioner Suresh jandhyala took charge as chief income -tax commissioner Hyderabad. An IPS officer of 1979 batch, he will also hold the additional charge of chief commissioner of I-T III , Hyderabad . Bibadh Dutta , an IRS officer of 1978 batch, assumed charge as director general (Investigation),Hyderabad. J.K.Hota , an IPS officer of 1970 batch charge as chief commissioner I-T II, Hyderabad. Madhya Pradesh Stood Firsts at Implementing Employment Guarantee Scheme Madhya pradesh has been performing excellent in the implementation of centers flagship

30

Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, MNREGA. According to Union governments latest delivery monitoring unit (DMU) report, M.P has performed better than several other states and stood first in implementing MNREGA scheme among other states. Goa Scheme To Empower Women With an aim to curb female foelicide in Goa, chief minister, Mr . Manohar parrikar launched the Ladli LaxmI scheme on 6 July 2012, under which women can avail Rs.1 lakh to meet wedding expenses. The Government has set aside Rs.150crore for the scheme, which was first announced in the state Budget. Highest crime against women in West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh have earned the dubious distinction of leading a list of states where crime against women in 2011 was highest.With 7.5 percent share of the countrys population, West Bengal accounted for nearly 12.7 percent of total crime against women by reporting 29,133 cases.The National Crime Records Bureau figures show that Andhra Pradesh, accounting for nearly 7 percent of the countrys population, recorded 12.4 percent of total crime against women with 28,246 cases. Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project among most innovative projects in world The Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project to develop the Sabarmati riverfront in Ahmedabad, is named among the most innovative projects in the world. According to KPMG, worlds top advisory firm, the project is an urban regeneration and environmental improvement initiative. Jagadish Shettar , Sworn As CM of karnataka Jagadish shettar , a Lingayat leader backed by BJP leader B.S.Yedyurappa , was on 11 July 2012 sworn in as CM of Karnataka , along with a full- fledged 33 member ministerial team that included 11 new faces and two Deputy chief minister,state unit BJP President K.S.Eshwarappa and R.Ashoka, who were members of the D.V.sadananda Gowda cabinet,were sworn in as deputy CM by governor H.R.Bharadwaj who administered the oath of office to the new ministers at a ceremony at the Raj Bhavan. 50% Quota For Women In Orissa Local Bodies Orissa chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on 13 July 2012 announced increase in the representation of women in Urban Local Bodies (ULBS) from 33 percent to 50 percent, this claiming credit one of the first states in the country to give 50 percent seats to female folk. U.P , Bihar , Rajastan has a high Total Fertility rate(TER) Even as the Total Fertility rate (TER) the average number of children born to a woman during her reproductive years has gone down substantially in the country, the recent survey revealed that Uttar pradesh, Bihar , Rajasthan and Jharkhand have high TFR on an average a woman gives birth to move than 3 children. The highest of 5.9 children has been reported in shrawasti district of U.P. The TFR is 3.6 for U.P and 3.7 for Bihar. Delhi Government Decided To Increase the Number of Districts in Delhi from 9 to11 To Facilitate the speedy justice and efficient administration, the Delhi government decide in- principle to divide into 11 sessions and revenue districts. The existing number of districts in 9 that includes, Central, North, South , East, Northeast, South west, New Delhi, Northwest and west Delhi. Five new districts namely seelampur, Gandhinagar, saraswati vihar, Najafgarh and kalkaji will come into existence.

31

AWARDS & HONOURS


Karnataka Holds Off TN ToTriumph Karanataka secured a nail-biting draw against Tamilnadu to win the south zone senior mens hockey championship at the KSHA stadium on 1st june. Sri ram Balaji Arun prakash Triumph N.Sriram Balaji and Arun Prakash Rajagopalan , the top seeds playing together for thr first time, clinched the mens doubles title in the prem sugar sponsored IIF Mandya open $10000 futures four at the PET stadium on 1 June. Saket Myneni Bags ITF Mens Future Tennis Title Myneni, the 24-year-old from Hyderabad , won the title in the $10000 prem sugars ITF mens future tennis tournament in Karnataka, Mandya on 1 June 2012 by defeating top seed vijayant mallik in the final. New Zealand Beat Argentina 1-0 To Win Sultan Azaln Shah Cup Hockey Tournament at Ioh, Malaysia on 3 June 2012 Andy Hayward scored the only goal for New Zealand in the summit clash, Which prevented Argentina, the 2008 winner, to reclaim the trophy. Awards Fairplay trophy was given to Great Britain. sardar singh of India was awarded with the trophy of the Best player of Tournament. Kyle Pontifex of new Zealand was chosen the Best goal keeper for the tournament. Kyle Pontifex of new Zealandwas awarded with the Man of the final Trophy. Ashkey Jackson of great Britain emerged the top scorer of the Tournament. Krishna Poonia Wins Silver Medal At Portland Event Indian discus thrower Krishna poonia bagged the silver medal at the post pree elite womens event in the united states Portland on June 4 2012. Poonia finished second with a throw of 62.34 metre, while the gold went to Russian Darya Pischalnikova recording 66.38 metres in her fifth attempt. Tiger woods Claimed Memorial Tournament, Won His 73rd PGA Tour Title Former world no.1 golfer Tiger woods defeated Spencer Levin and Rory sabbatini to win his 73rd PGA tour tittle by two shorts at the memorial tournament on 4 June 2012.The memorial tournament victory is woods second PGA tour victory in the current season . sanjita Chanu Claims Gold K.Sanjita Chanu claimed the womens 48 kg gold medal in the common wealth weight lifting championships at Apia, Somoa sanjita liftes a total of 154 kg to lift the title . Bhupati -Sania Won French Open Tittle Sania Mirza and Mahesh Bhupati of India won their second Grand slam tittle and First french open trophy together after crushing K laudia Jons lahnacik and santiago Gonzakez 7-6(3),6-1 in the mixed doubles final . Double Delight For India Srinath ,Ivana wins Asian Junior Titles .Narayana Srikanth and Ivana Maria Furtado completed a grand double for India in Tashkent on 7 June 2012 in the Asian Junior Chess Championship by winning the open boys and girls titles respectively. Sharapova Won The French Open Womens Single Title

32

Russias Maria Sharapova became the 10th woman in tennis history to win all four Grand Slam titles on 9 June when she defeated Italys Sara Errani 6-3, 6-2 in the French Open final. Sharapova won the French Open Womens single title on 9 June at Roland Garros stadium in Paris. Vishu Vardham Emerges The Champion Second seed P.Vishu Vardhan defeated seventh seeded sriram balaji in the final to take the title Zuari Garden city ITF $10,000 tennis tournament ,Mysore on 9 June 2012. Saina Nehwal clinched Thailand Open Grand Prix Gold Title Ace Indian Badminton player Saina Nehwal clinched her 16th career title as she defeated Thailands Ratchanok Inathon in the Thailand Open Grand Prix Gold title in Bangkok on 10 June 2012. The Thailand Open Grand Prix is Sainas second title in the year 2012. Earlier, in April 2012 she had won the Swiss Open Title. Ross Rides Handsome Falcon To Victory Mr.N.Anantarams Handsome ridden by Ross won the Ambur plate, the feature event of the races held out udhagamandalam on 10 June 2012. Tejaswni Settles For Bronze Tejaswini Muley clinchin towards gold slipped midway throufh the final and ended up with junior womens 50m rifle 3- position bronze as the 22nd meeting of shooting hopes championship concluded at plzen in the czench Republic on 10 June 2012. West Wood Claims Tittle World no.3 Lee west wood completed his buid up to nexr US open with a convincing five shut win at the scandinavian open in stockholm on 9 June . Rudisha Runs Blistering 800 Race Yohan Blake and fellow Jamacian olympic champion shelly Ann franser pryce won the 100 meter sprints, while Kenyas David Rudisha scored a sensational victory in the 800 meters at 9 June 2012. Diamond league meet .He ran alone from half way point to win with a time of one minute 41.74 seconds for the fastest time ever registered in the united states and best time in the world in this season. Rafael Nadal Won His Seventh French Open Singles Title Spaniard Rafael Nadal on 11 June 2012 defeated Serbian Novak Djokovic to clinch his seventh French Open Singles Title 2012.He is the first man to win a record of 7th french open title.Legend Bjorn Borgs 6 title feat surpassed by Rafael Nadal. Nadal received La Coupedes Mousquetairer(Musketeers cup). Indu Chaudhary and Sakshi Malik Won Gold Medals In Asian Junior Wrestling Championship 2012 Indu Chaudhary and Sakshi Malik won gold Medals in Asian Junior Wrestling Championship 2012 at Almaty, Kazakhstan on 13 June 2012. Indu Chaudhay and Sakshi Malik are from Uttar Pradesh and Haryana respectively. The former won the gold medal in 44 Kg and latter in 63 kg. Double For Anusha K.Anusha bagges a double winning both the girls under-14 and 16 singles respectively in the NCK Tennis Academy Talent series Tournment on 15 June 2012. Saina Wins Third Indonesian Open Title

33

Saina Nehwals romance with the Indonesian Open continued as the champion shuttler from India quelled a spirited challenge from Chinese Li Xuerui to record a 13-21, 2220,21-19 in the 64-minute final to clinch her third title in four final appearances in Jakarta on 17 June Mahendra Singh Dhoni Appointed As A Brand Ambassador Of Nepal Cricket Association Mahendra Singh Dhoni was appointed as a brand ambassador of Nepal Cricket Association, Nepal on 17 June 2012.The announcement was made by Posta Bahadur Bogati, Minister for Tourism and Civil Aviation of Nepal. Tejaswini Mule Won Silver medal at International Junior Shooting Championship Tejaswini Mule won Silver medal at International Junior Shooting Championship in Suhl, Germany on 17 June 2012. She won the silver medal in the 50 meter rifle prone womens event. Harmeet Desai won Under- 21 Mens Final Brazil Open Table Tennis Harmeet Desai won Under- 21 Mens Final Brazil Open Table Tennis on 17 June 2012. He had defeated Belgian Cedric Nuytin by 4-2 and won gold medal. He became first Indian to achieve such an accomplishment. Seema Antil Triumps Dusus Thrower seema Antil won the Title in the last chance.trail meet at the mac wilkins academy at portland, oregon,USA, on 16 June with athrow of 61.10 metres. Series Win For Srilanka Srilanka helped itself to a series win over pakistan in the final match ODI cricket series at the R.premadasa stadium, colombo on 18 June. Oudin Wins Maiden WTA Title American Nelanie Oudin defeated serbian Jelana Jankonic in straight sets to win her first Tennis WTA tour tittle,Bismingham on 18 June. Simpson Wins U.S. Open Webb Simpson of the united states came from four shots back to win the U.S.Open Golf on 17 June overtaking a bunch a big names to win his first major title. Thingalaya Rewrites His National Record Sidhanth Tingalaya clocked a national record of 13.65 in finishing second in the Belgium national championships in Brussels on 17 June but found himself 0.5 short of meeting the olympic qualification standard. Indian Hockey Goalkeeper DSouza Suspended For 1 Year Indian Hockey Goalkeeper Adrin DSouza was suspended on 18 June 2012 for his antidoping rule violation during World Series Hockey (WSH) tournament 2012.The sample was collected on 21 March 2012 after WSH match in between Mumbai Marines and SherE-Punjab at Jalandhar. He was the captain of Mumbai Marines. In the test, DSouza was tested positive for tetra hydrocannabinol (THC) Humpy Emerges Joint Winner Indias koneru Hamoy and Anna Muzychuk of sloveria shared the title in the FIDE womens grand Pix chess at Kazan, Russia on 22june .

34

Jwala -Diju Duo Crashes out Olympic -bound shuttlers G.Jwala & V. Diju on 22 June , crashed out of the singapore open super series their last torunment before London olympics. India Wins Kabaddi Gold Indian women won the gold in kabaddi by defeating Thailand in the final of the Third Asian Beach Games being held in Haiyang(china). Miami Heat Crowed Champion The King is celebrating his first coronation and the Miami Het is NBA champion again.Le BrongKing James collected a triple- double by scorinf 26 points and Miami heat sominated the visiting oklahoma city .Thunder on 21 June to win the championchip series 4-1. Double Title For Krishna Priya M.Krishna Priya of Lal Bahaddur stadium bagged a double,winning both in singles and doubles titles in the girls under-15 category of the Hyderabad district badminton championship at the Madhuranagar Indoor stadium,Hyderabad on 23 June 2012. Anaka, Kush Claim Titles Anaka Alankamony of India clinched the girls under-19 title in Asian Junior squash Championship in Kish Island on 23 June. Ankita Down Prerna For Maiden Title Ankita Raina played with Intensity and confidence to beat prerna Bhambri in the final of the ONGC $10,000 ITF womens tennis tournment at the DLTA complex,New Delhi on 23 June. Ferrer Is Champion Top-seeded david ferrer beeat unseeded philipp petzschner on 23 June to win the unicef open grass tournment for the second time . Alonso Wins Thrilled Ferraris Fernando Alonso won thrilling European grand pix valencia on 24 June to become the first repeat winner of the season that had seen seven different winners from the seven previous races. Saudi Women To Participate In 2012 Olympics Saudi Arabia will enter women athletes in the Olympics for the first time in London this summer , the kingdoms London embassy said.The ultra conservative Muslim nation in one of three countries which never included women in their Olympic teams along with Qatar & Brunei. Oscar Pistorius Attempts To Became The First Amputee runner to compete at Olympics Oscar Pistorius, born without fibulos and had his lower kegs amputated. He is a south African Athlete who attempts to became the first amputee runner to compete at the Olympic gaver.Pistorius, who has a personal best of 45.07,won the 100 metres,200 metres ,300 metres and 400 metres gold first amputee to compete at the athletics world championships where he ran in Daegu, south Korea last year.

35

National Award For NTPC Ramagundam NTPCs Ramagundam super Thermal Power Station Situated in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh has been awarded with Nation Award on 2 April 2012 for its Meritorious performance Bhagwan Mahavir Award For Aung San Suu Kyi Myanmars democratic leader Aung San Suu Kyi has been chosen for the first international Bhagwan Mahavir World Peace Award on 3 April 2012 for her devotion to Promote non-violence and peace for the welfare of the people. BSES Yamuna Power Ltd (BYPL) Won British Safety Award BSES Yamuna Power limited (BYPL) won the prestigious 54th British International Safety Award. BYPL has been selected for this award given the steps taken by it for the safety of its over 11 lakh consumers and safety & health of its employees. The list of awards winner was announced in London in the last week of March 2012. The award will be presented in May 2012. BYPL is the first Indian discom to be selected for this award. Amitabh To Be Honoured For Polio Campaign Actor Amitabh Bachchan who has been the Goodwill Ambassador for polio UNICEF Campaign from 2005, will be honoured for his contribution to the cause. In feb, the World Health Organisation had taken India off the list of polio endemic countries. Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award for SCR Governor N.D.Tiwari presented the Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award to South Central Railways ( SCR) on 53rd Railway Week Celebrations at Rail Kalarang in Secunderabad on 8 April 2012, which was presented in recognition of its overall excellence among the 16 zones in the Indian Railways New York Times Won Two Pulitzer Prizes for 2012 The 2012 Pulitzer Prize was announced on 16 April 2012. The New York Times won two Pulitzer prize, for explanatory and international reporting. The Associated press won a Pulitzer prize for investigative reporting for documenting the New York Police Departments spying on Muslims.The Pulitzer prize are given annually by Columbia University on th recommendation of a board of Journalists. Each awards carries a $10,000 prize except for the public service award, which is a gold medal. Gallantry Award For Lt. Gen Bikram Singh President Pratibha Patil on 17 April 2012 presented Gallantry Award to Lt.Gen Bikram Singh and other 16 persons during the Defense Investiture Ceremony held at New Delhi . This award has been presented for showing bravery and service during war time. Sikkim Won The Best State Award Sikkim, on 24 April 2012 won the best state award for strengthening its Panchayathi Raj institutions. The North-Easatern state bagged the five pretigious national awards worth of 1.36 crore rupees, at a Panchayat Raj Day functon held at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi. New Record By 10 Years Old, Aadhil A 10 years old boy named Aadhil from Beypore, Kerala created a new record by swimming 4.63 km with his hands and legs tied in a World record bid, Aadhil swam across from a point in the Arabian sea to the Chaliyar river and break the current record of two miles set by a Chinese girl. And recorded in the Giunness Bokk of Records. Yudhvir Award For Shanta Sinha

36

Chairperson of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) Shanta Sinha has been honoured with this year 2012 Yudhvir Memorial Foundation Award on 30 April 2012. She had been given the award for pioneering and innovative role in protecting and promoting child rights. Indian Americans Wins White House Journalism Award Indian American Journalist Manu Raju was among the White House Correspondent Journalism Award winner for 2012 honoured at the Associations traditional annual dinner with President Barck Obama. Spanish Football Club Real Madrid Clinched Spanish League Title Spanish football club Real Madrid clinched its 32nd spanish League title and first in four years on 2 May 2012, over shadowing Lionel Messi breaking a 39 years European club scoring record with a hatrik to take his season total to 68 goals. Indian Women Team Won Asian Sqash Championship Indian women squash team won its maiden gold at the 16th Asian Squash Championship in Kuwait on 5 May 2012. The women created a history by defeating the top seeded Joshna Chinnappa and 14th seeded Dipika Pillikkal defeated world number 16th Joey Chan and world no-7 Annie Au respectively. Sriram Balaji Won ITF Futures Mens Tennis Title Fifth ranked Sriram Balaji defeated Swiss Joss Espasandin in the Summit clash of the MCC -SR Subramanian Memorial ITF Futures mens tennis tournament in Chennai on 5 May 2012. Sports Illustrated, Sportsman of the Year Yuvraj On 5 May 2012 Inidan cricketer Yuvraj singh , Who is rehabilitating after a layoff due to cancer has been adjudged as sports illustrated sportsman of the year for his stupendous performance in 2011 World cup. Sara Errani Wons Budapest WTA Tournament Top seeded Sara Errani of Italy won her third WTA title for the year 2012by defeating Elina Vesnina of Russia in the $220,000 Budapest Grand Prix final held on 6 May 2012 in Budapest, Hungary. Juan Del Potro Won Estoril ATP Open Title Argentinas top seeded Juan Martin Del Potro retained his title at the Estoril Open on 6 May 2012 after defeating second seeded Richard Gasquet held at Estoril, Portugal. Deepika Kumari Won First World Cup Title Indias Olympic prospect Deepika Kumari won her first World Cup individual recurve gold medal at Antalya, Turkey on 6 May 2012. Estoril Mens Double Title 2012 Winners Pakistan tennis ace Aisamul Haq Qureshi and his partner Dutch Rojer Jean Julien clinched the Mens double title of the Estoril Open on 6 May 2012 held in Estoril, Portugal. Kanepi Won The Single Womens Estoril Title 2012 Kaia Kanepi claimed her third WTA trophy of single Womens Estoril Title by defeating Spains Carla Suarez Novarro in the final of the Estoril open on 6 May 2012 held at Estoril, Portugal. Krishna Poonia Sets New National Record Discus Thrower Krishna Poonia set a new national record with a throw of 64.76m. Which breaked Seema Antils existing record of 64.64m. Krishna won the silver medal in the Aitius Track crew Throw down mmet in Maui Island Hawaii on 7 May 2012. Rickie Fowler Golfer Won Well Fargo Trophy Rickie Fowler won his first RGA Wells Fargo Championship over US Open Campion Rory Mcllroy and D.A Points on 6 May 2012 at Quali Hallow club in Charlotte, NC.

37

OSullivan Won World Snooker Title Englands Ronnie OSullivan won the fourth World Snooker Championship by defeating Ali Carter 18-11 in the final at the Crucible Theatre on 8 May 2012 at Sheffield,England. Parimarjan Negi Won Asian Continental Chess Champion Granmaster Parimarjin Negi won the Asian Continental Chess Championship despite loosing to A.R.Saleh Salem of UAE in the final round by winning gold that concluded on 13 May 2012. Pastor Team Claims Formula One Race Pastor Maldonado gave williams a first formula One Race win in almost eight years on 13 May 2012, when he fought off local hero Fernando Alonsa in a thrilling Spanish Grand Prix. Serena Williams Won The Madrid Open Final USAs Serena Williams won the Madrid Open Final Womens tennis by defeating world no1 Victoria Azarenka on 13 May 2012 held at Madrid. Roger Federar Won Madrid Mens Open Title Swiss tennis star Roger Federar defeated Czech Tomas Berdych to win Madrid Mens Single Open Title on 13 May 2012.The Madrid open title is set to reinstate Federar as the no-2 spot in the world tennis ranking , the position he had earlier lost to his rival Rafael Nadal. Manjeet Singh won the Junior National Boxing Title Manjeet Singh Panghal defeated Gurleen singh to claim the 69 kg title in the 45th National Junior Boxing championship at Patiala on 16 May 2012. Nadal on The Sixth Rome Masters Title Rafael Nadal won his sixth Rome Mens singles Masters title in a rain postponed final against Novack Djokovic on 21 May 2012 held at Rome. Sharapova Won Womens Singles Rome Masters Title Maria Sharapova of Russia won the womens single Rome Masters Title by defeating Chinas Li Na on 20 May held at Rome. Sania-Mattek lift Brussels Open TIttle Sania Mirza won her second WTA doubles tittles of the season and 14th overall,when she combined with.Bethanie Mattek-sands to lift Brussels Open Tropy with an emphatic straight set win over Alicja Rosolska of polamd and china;s Zheng Jie.This Indo-American pair took an hour and 10 minutes. Knights Dethrone Kings IPL-5 Crown Kolkatta Knight Riders are newly crowed IPL Champions.The visitors beat defending champions chennai SuperKings by five wickets in a high final at the MAC stadium in chennai. The Man of the Match is Bisla. Golden player goes to Sumil Naring(KKR) and Orange cap goes to Chris Gale(RCB) and Purple Cap goes toMore Morkel(DD) Weber Wins Monaco Grand Pix Australia Mark Webber made Formula one history on 27 May when he steered his Red bull to victory and claimed his First Win in this Year and his Team Red Bulls Third successive Monacco Grand Pix. Lin Dan Propels China to Thomas Cup Tittle Super star Lin Dan led osts china to an emphatic victory over South Korea in the Thomas cup Final on 27 May, Sending a starl message he and his Team mates are in peak form for the London Olympics in the field of Badminton. Fluent Fedex on the Mark Roger Federer celebrated on 28 May his 50th straight major with a record equalling 233rd

38

Grand slam win.His win , achieved on a sixth match point, also told him level with Jimmy connors record for most grand slam matches win of 233. Services Defeat Tamilnadu for Cup Services showed nerves of steel to defeat Tamilanadu 3-2 in the final of the 66th santosh Tropy at the Barabati stadium in Cuttack,Adisha on 28 May.This was services second Title, with thier maiden championship coming in the 1960-61 season. Anand Crowned Fifth world Championship Indian Grand master viswa nathan Anand showed immense resilence to beat challenger Boris Gelfand of Israel in the tense rapid chess tie braker to win the world championship crown for the fifth time and Fourth in a row on 30 may 2012 Chattisgarh Girls&Boys Clinch National Titles Chattisgarh Clinched both Girls&Boys Titles in the 63rd National Junior Basketball championship on 30 May .boys defeated the punjab in final where as girls defeated the maharastara in final. Indian Science Congress Associatio Meeting At kolkata Dr.Man Maoham singh on 2 June inaugurated the Indian science congress annual session.Man moham addressed that this year is year of science. India To Host Alternative International AIDS conference World meet in U.S from 22 to 27 . When stake holders from across the world. coverage at Washington next month to participate in the International AIDS conference (IAC) to shre their experience evaluations. This type of event will be organized in Kolkata by Durban Mahila Samanway samiti (DMSS) an umbrella organization of over 65,00 sex workers of west Bengal i collaboration with the Global Network of sex work project (NSWP) India To Host Alternative International AIDS conference The Union Finance Minister,Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, on 11 June inaugurated the 28th Annual conference of chief commissioners and Directors General of Income Tax in the Capital Delhi. G20 Los Cabos Summit 2012 The 2012 Mexico Summit was the seventh meeting of G-20 heads.It was held in Los cabos,Baja California sur, from June 18-19 2012.The moto is to Committing to fight economic slowdown and combat corruption, the G-20 leaders have expressed confidence that USD 450 billion firepower of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) would help in safeguarding financial stability and preventing global crisis. Rio+20 Earth Summit The Rio+20 Conference, world leaders, along with thousands of participants from governments.took place in Brazil on 20-22 June 2012 to mark the 20th anniversary of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), in Rio de Janeiro, and the 10th anniversary of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg.The Conference focused on two themes: (a) a green economy in the context of sustainable development poverty eradication and (b) the institutional framework for sustainable development. Interntional Labour Conference 101 st session of International Labour Conference organized by International Labour Organization(ILO), concluded on June 14 ,2012 in Geneva. A New International labour

39

standard was adopted at the conference which requested countries ti establish national social protection floors.The Recommendation called for providing people with essential health care benefits as well as basic income security. The countries which cannot affords social protection measures could seek International cooperation and support to complement their own efforts. International Conference In Kabul A One day International conference in Kabul took place on June 14,2012 to discuss ways to stabilize the situation in Afghanistan and boost regional cooperation.Delegates from 30 countries gathered in Kabul including Iran, Russia ,China ,Turkey as well as International Organizations such as NATO, the European Union, the shanghai cooperation Organization and United Nations. The Conference focused on the security transfer after US-led troops withdrawal in 2014,regional strategies to tackle natural disasters and strengthening of trade and economic relations. SCO Summit 2012 The Shanghai cooperation organization(SCO) summit was held in Beijing from June 6-7 ,2012. It was the 12th SCO summit.The Important decisions and discussion held in meeting are as follows :The SCO decided to grant Afghanistan as observer status and accept Turkey as dialogue partner.Member states agreed to facilitate trade and investment in order to tap economic potential within the bloc.Member states had agreed to enhance cooperation in Finance, Transportation, Telecommunications, Energy & Agricultural sectors.

SPORTS
Maimi Masters Title to Novack Djokovic Worlds No-1 Novak Djokovic won the Maimi masters title on 1 April 2012 by defeating fourth seeded Andy Murrey in the final held in Florida. World Championship For China Worlds no-2 Zhang Jike of China won the Mens Single Worlds Table Tennis Championship held in Durtmund, Germany on 1April 2012 by defeating Timo Boll Womens Single World Championship Chinas Ning Ding won the Womens Single World Table Tennis Championship held in Durtmund, Germany on 1 April 2012 by defeating Feng Tianwei Geeta Kumari, First Indian Woman Wrestler to Olympics Geeta Kumari, the woman wrestler, won a gold in 55kg category at the ongoing Asia qualifying tournament in Astana, Kazakhastan. Geeta with this victory also made a history as she became the first Indian woman wrestler to have ever qualified for the Olympics Indian Boxer Vijendra Singh Qualified For London Olympics In boxing, Indias Vijendra singh on 8 April 2012 qualified for the London Olympics in the 75 kg category, He is the first Indian boxer to qualify for the Olympics for the third time in succession. Pankaj Advani Win 11th Asian Billiards Championship Six times world Champion Pankaj Advani on 8 April 2012 clinched the 11th ONGC Asian

40

Billiards Championship title after defeating Thowaat Sujaritthurakara of Thailand in the Final in Panaji Sarena Wins First Title Of 2012 Fifth seeded Sarena Williams captured her 40th career Womens Tennis Association (WTA) title by defeating ninth seeded Czech Lucie Safarova on 8 April 2012 in Charleston. Bubba Won Augusta Masters Title Bubba Watson of US, a third left hand player won the Augusta Masters Golf Tournament on 8 April 2012 in Augusta by defeating Louis Oosthuizen of British. Indian Squash Player Saurav Ghosal Won The EL Gouna International Open Top Indian Squash player Saurav Ghosal won a 3-2 victory over Rabbie Temple of England at the $120,000 EL Gouna International open in EL Gouna on 9 April 2012 Double Honour For Sangakkara Sri Lankas Kumar Sangakkara has been chosen one of the five Cricketers of the Year and leading Cricketer in the World for 2011, which was announced in 2012 edition of Wisden Cricketers Almanack on 11 April 2012. Smriti Named Player Of The Year Smriti Mehra, the most successful Golfer on the Hero Womens Professional Golf Tour in 2011-12 was named the Player of the Year at the Hero- WGAI Awards function on 11 April 2012 held in New Delhi. Shiva Thapa Became The Youngest Indian Boxer For Olympics The 18 years old Shiva Thapa (56 kg category) on 11 April 2012 became the youngest Indian boxer to qualify for the Olympics by beating Japans Satoshi Shimize 31-11 to enter the final of the Asian Qualifiers in Astana, Kazakhstan. Vikas Gowda Sets Nation Award Discus thrower Vikas Gowda, the 28 years old Indian hurled the discus to 66.28 meters at Norman Oklahana in US on 12 April 2012, to break his National record of 64.96 meters en route to winning the gold in the event, laying down an early marker in the Olympic year. His previous record was made at Salinas, California in 2007. Mercedes AMG Driver Nico Rosberg Won Chinese Grand Prix Mercedes AMG driver Nico Rosberg won the Chinese Grand Prix on 15 April 2012, first in his career at Shanghai International Circuit by defeating Jenson Button of Britain Under 19 Quadrangular Cricket Tournament Winner India India recorded a convincing seven wicket win over Australia to clinch the under 19 quadrangular cricket championship on 15 April 2012 in Townsville, Australia. The man of the match was given to Unmukt Chand for his unbeaten 112 runs in the match. where four countries Australia, South Africa, India and England participated. Lanka Ravi Titled By FIDE Lecturer Former Asian Rapid Chess Champion Lanka Ravi has been conferred a FIDE Lecturer title by the World Chess Body (FIDE) on 15 April 2012. Ravi, who was the first International Master from Andhra Pradesh is the only one from Asia to get this privilege in the list of 24 FIDE Lectures nominated across the world.

41

No Champions Trophy After 2013 The ICC Champions Trophy, which will be held in England in 2013, will be last tournament, as the association plans to have only one Championships for each of the games three formats from 2015 Korean City Slated As The Venue For Shooting World Championship The shooting world championship of 2018 was awarded to,Korean city of Changwon on 17 April 2012. The decision regarding the venue of the championship was made at the general assenbly meeting of international shooting sport Federation ( ISSF) in London. The last World Championships was held in Munich, Germany, in 2010 and the next Championship will be held in Granada, in Spain in 2014. Rafeal Nadal Won Monte Carlo Masters Ace tennis player Rafeal Nadal on 22 April 2012 clinched his eighth consecutive Monte Carlo Masters Title match held at Monaco. The second seeded Nadal defeated Serbian Novak Djokovic in the final. The Monte Carlo Title was Nadals first since French Open title in 2011 and 47th of his ATP career. Vettel Won The Formula One Title Race Defending Double world championship Sebastian Vettel of R ed Bull claimed his first win of the year on 22 April 2012 to take over as leader of the Fotmula One Tile race in Manama. Chinas Chen Jin Clinch The Asian Badminton Championship The third seeded Chinas Chen Jin defeated fellow countryman and fifth seeded Du Pengyu in the Mens finals of Asian Badminton Championship in Chinas eastern city of Qingdao on 22 April 2012 Umadevi On Top In World Ladies Billiards R.Umadevi claimed her maiden World Ladies Billiards & Snooker Association Title beating world no-13 Eva Palmius by 2-0 in the seniors final held at the Cambridge snooker centre, England on 24 April 2012. Shon Wan Ho Won Indian Open Badminton Shon Wan Ho of Korea defeated Chinese defending champion Lee Chong Wei in the mens singles final clash and clinch his maiden super series title of the Indian Open Badminton on 28 April 2012 held in India. Nadal Won Barcelona Open Badminton Title Rafeal Nadal defeated Davis Ferrer of Spain to clinch the seventh Barcelona Mens Singles Title on 29 April 2012 held in Barcelona, and became the first tennis player to win two seperate ATP World Tour events seven times. Aditya Mehta Wons Asian Snooker Title Aditya Mehta defeated compatriot Pankaj Advani in the final and won the Asian Snooker Title after eight years on 29 April 2012 held at Qatar Maria Sharapova Won Porsche Grand Prix Russias Maria Sharapova won the Porsche Grand Prix Title after defeating world no-1 Belarus Victoria Azarenka in the final match held on 30 April 2012 in Stuttgart Germany. Nayudamma Award for TCS Rajanna

42

V.Rajanna , President of the IT and ITES Industry Association of AP(ITsAP) and global head of TCSs Telecom Technology Business unit , Hyderabad , has been chosen for the Nayudamma Award for the year 2012 .The Nellore based Nayudamma centre for development Alternatives (NCDA) Chosen MR.Rajanna in recognition of his outstanding contribution in ITA communications. Award for Golden Rock Railway workshop The Golden Rock Railway workshop at Trichi over hauls diesel locomotives and coaches , manufactures steam locomotives and wagons and also exports locomotives. During 201112, the workshop released 138 diesel locomotives from periodical over hauling against the target of 79 set by the Railway Board. In recognition of this achievement, the chief Mechanical engineer, southern Railway, Mr s.J.sood , awarded a shield to the workshop, as Railway week celebrations. Samsung Announces cash Award for Olympic medal Samsung India announced cash award of rs.20 lakh to any of the countys sports persons winning a gold medal in the forth coming Olympic games to be held in London. Osmania University Awards Doctorate To APCC Secretary Srungarapati Ananda Babu, APCC Secretary and Babu Jagjivan ram All Indias samta movement president , has been awarded doctorate by Osmania University. Manipal University Was The Golden Peacock Environment Management Award 2012 Manipal University won the Golden Peacock Environment management Award 2012 . The main theme of this meet was driving sustainable business through economy. The Award was given by karan singh on the 14th world congress meet an Environment Management . The ceremony was held in the Le Meridian Hotel, New Delhi. Major Award for TMI Chairman The Hyderabad Management Association has awarded T.Muralidaran, the fonder and chairman the TMI Group the Entrepreneur of the year Award 2012. small scale for his exemplary contribution in the field of human resources and skill management on 11 July 2012. Dr. Kutikuppala Surya Rao Selected for Award of FRCP (London) Dr. Kutikuppala Surya Rao has been selected for the award of Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians (FRCP) (London). FRCP is given in recognition of particular professional merit. The President of India awarded Padma Sri, the prestigious civilian award in India to Dr. Kutikuppala Surya Rao in 2008 for his contribution in the field of medicine and medical service to the people at large. Lanco Infratech Bags Award Lanco Infratech Ltd (LITL) has won the In house communication excellence award 2012, where their journal was adjudges the best in cover design category. Lanco won the award where in 685 entries from various public and private sector organizations were assessed. NMDC Director Gets Mining Engineer Award Narendra kumar nanda, director of the countrys largest iron ore producer NMDC , was conferred with Abheraj Baldota Memorial Award Mining Engineer of the year for 201211 by the Mining engineers Association of India. The Award is given every year in recognition of meritorious contribution to the mining industry by a mining engineer.

43

Golden Peacock Award Lanco Kondapalli Power Ltd, a subsidiary of the power and infrastructure company Lanco Infra tech Ltd, has won Golden Peacock Award for its environment, health and safety management . The Golden peacock awards is instituted by the World Environment foundation. It also won the Green tech safety award: in the golden category for the plants priority to work place health and safety philosophy. Sundarsham Patnaik Won Gold medal in World Sand Sculpture Championship 2012 Indian Sand Artist Saundaram sham patnaik won Peoples Choice Medal Award in Moscow . It was the second world sand sculpture championship. Artists from 11 countries took part in the championship. Sundarsham Sculpted the copy of the face of The showman of the millennium Raj Kapoor. His interpretation of the Raj kapoor was highly praised by the visitors. His Sculpture symbolizes Indo- Russian Friendship. Sundarsham Patnaik has also won Berlin World championship 2008. His sand sculpture was based on the awareness about global warming. 4India-American Scientists Receive US Presidential Award US President barrack Obama has named four Indian American scientists among 96 researchers as recipients of the prestigious presidential early career Awards for scientists and Engineers. The four researchers are sridevi Vedula sarma, pawan sinha, Parag A Pathak, and Biju Parekkadan. This is the highest honour given by the Us Government to science & Engineering professional in the early stages of their independent research career. Fukuoka Prize for Vadana shiva Well Known Environment activist vadana Shiva has been named the winner of the prestigious Fukuoka prize awarded by the Fukuoka city government in Japan to people who contributes to academia , arts , and culture in Asia. And Shiva was presented with official notification of the award at a ceremony held in Delhi on 23 July 2012. ONGC was awarded Gold Trophy in Safety Management Award 2012 Greentech Foundation awarded Gold Trophy in Safety Management Award 2012 on 24 July 2012 to Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC). The conference was held in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. The Application of the Company was short listed by the award committee. ONGC was selected in Corporate Category for the gold trophy of safety management award. A.K.Hazarika and Anoop Kumar are the Director and ED-Chief HSE of ONGC. Kulandei francis Got Magsaysay Award Kulandei francis has been chosen for the Ramon Magsaysay Award for the year2012, for economic empowerment of thousands of women and their families in rural India. Mr.Francis is a director of the krishnagiri based BGO integrated village development Program(IVD). He was invited by Foundation to receive the award at Manila on august 31. Jeet Thayil, Long Listed for Booker Prize Jeet Thayil, noted kerala- born post and novelist, has been long -listed for the 2012. Man Booker Prize for his debut novel Narcopolis Mr.Thayil is among 12 writers long-listed for the 50,000 Prize. A Short list of six will be announced in September, and the winner at Londons Guildhall on October 16. If Mr.Thayil goes on to win, he will join a select band of India or India-born writer such as salman Rushdie, kiran desai and Aravind Adiga who have won a Booker. NMDC Director(finance ) bags Award Mrs. Thiagarajan, National Mineral Development cooperations Director(finance),received

44

the Icon of the Accounting Profession award for the Institute of public enterprises of Hyderabad. The award is in recognition of his contributes to NMDCs recent acquisition of Legancy Iron ore Mine & on-going setting up of a steel plant. Innovation Awards For Gigachi, Yegna Manohanvam Innovation award for MSMEs, Promoted by the foundation for MSME clusters in association with the commissionerate of Industries, were bagged by sigachi & Yegna manojavaram Drugs & Chemicals Ltd, for 2011. 19 NRIs honourned With Light Of India Awards Columbia University professor and economist Jagdish Bhagwati and noted author anitav ghosh are among 19 persons winning the Light of India awards recognizing excellence and exemplary achievement of Indians living abroad. PetroFed Awards for 2011 The annual PetroFed Oil & Gas Industry Awards for 2011 for excellence in performance in various categories were presented by the Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas, S Jaipal Reddy here on 8June 2012. The awards for performance during fiscal 2010-11 were in 11 categories. The leading PetroFed award winners were Indian Oil and ONGC. Indian Oil bagged the Leading Oil & Gas Corporate of the Year award,the Oil & Gas Marketing Company of the Year award and the one forProject Management . ONGC won the awards for Human Resources Management, Environmental Sustainability and the Innovator of the Year award by their team. IIFA Awards 2012 13th IIFA Awards 2012 schedule from 7th Jun to 9th Jun, 2012 as held in the beautiful city of Singapore . The list of winners has just been announced and as expected, Ranbir Kapoor and Vidya Balan have once again won the Best Actor and Best Actress award respectively. The Best movie and director too have been predictable this year, as Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara, which swept the IIFA 2012 technical awards, has won in both categories. Winners of IIFA Awards 2012 Best Actor Ranbir Kapoor (Rockstar) Best Actress Vidya Balan (The Dirty Picture) Best Movie Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara Best Director Zoya Akhtar (Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara) Best Story Zoya Akhtar and Reema Katgi (Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara) Best Music A R Rahman ( Rockstar) Sachin Tendulkar Honoured By Wisden India Sachin Tendulkar won Wisden India maiden Outstanding Achievement award for completing a century of 100 international hundreds, in Dubai on 11 June 2012. he is the first recipent of the Wisden India Outstanding Achievement award.The legendary batsman was presented a trophy at an event organised by FidelisWorld. The trophy was made from crystal, it resembles a cricket ball resting on the open pages of a book. Israeli Micro-Irrigation Innovation Wins World Food Prize This years winner of world Food Prize(WFP)in israeli scientist Daniel Hillel has pioneered a method of bringing water to crops in arid and dry-land regions.Dr.Hillel was gven the prestigeous award, established in 1987 by NObel Peace Prize winner Noruran Borlaug. Ogilvy Mumbai Wins Effie Award Ogilvy Mumbai has been declares the most effective Agency office Globally, in the 2012 Effie effectiveness Index at the Cannes advertising festival currently being held in France.At the same time Vodafone & Ogilvy has also won bronze in the Direct Lions category for I FOLD Vodafone India saving paper. The Index was launched in June last year and is led by Effie world wide.This gives Ranks the marketing communication

45

Industrys most effective agencies. advertisers, and brands by analysis finalist and winner data from Effie world wide competitions. R.K.Pachauri Gets Mexican Honour The Director General of the energy and Resources Institute(TERI) Dr.R.K.Pachauri, has been conferred the Mexican order of the Aztec Eagle by the Mexican president, during the G-20 summit in Los Cabos.He was honoured along with MS.Margaret chan, Director General of the world health organization. Yarlagadda Presented Award For Promoting Hindi Chairman of Andhra Pradesh Hindi Academy Yarlagadda Lakshmi Prasad was honoures with Ganga sharan Singh Award by President Pratibha singh patil in New Delhi on 20 June 2012.The President also gave away the award,instituted by centers kendriya Hindi Santhan,at a gli-hering ceremony at the Rashtrapathi Bhavan to Girish karnad,Shyam Benagal and Madhur Bahndarkar,among others their contribution to the promotion of the national language ITC Bags Award For BIZ Development Diversified Business firm ITC ltd on 21 June said it has received the 2012 World Business & Development Award at the on going Rio+20 united nations summit in Brazil.The award has been given for the transformational rural initiatives in social & farm forestry programmes in India , undertaken by the company. Kolkata Solar Physicist Wins Prestigious US Prize Dibyendu Nandi of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata has been awarded the prestigious Karen Harvey Prize for 2012 by the American Astronomical Society (AAS).The first scientist from the Asia Pacific to get the prize, Nandy was awarded for his advances in the use of kinematic dynamo models to elucidate the typical and atypical solar cycle, and for his outstanding leadership within the solar physics and space climate communities. G20 Challenge Award for Medicare Initiative The Apollo Hospitals Group initiative to provide quality tertiary health care in semi urban and rural areas has won the G20 challenge on Inclusive Business Innovation Ratan Tata Gets LifeTime Achievement Award b the Prestigious Rockefeller Foundation Tata sons chairman,Ratan Tata, has been awarded a lifetime Achievement Award by the Rockfeller Foundationa in New York for his innovation in philonthropy.The foundation, celebrating 100 years of global innovation, honoured individuals and institutiona with in second annual innovation wasrds on 26 June 2012 .Last years receipient of the Roche feller foundations Life time Achievement Award was former US president Bill Clinton. Tata Power Jojobera Unit Wins Award Tata powers Jojobera thermal power station at Jamshedpur in Jharkhand won the golden peacock environment Management award for 2012 . The award will be presented in New Delhi during the 14th world congress on environment Management on 7-8 July. City Firm Bags Global Packaging Awards Ecoblis, a Hyderabad based firm engaged in making innovative packaging products, bagged three awards at the international packaging excellence awards competition held in Croatia. The jury consisted of 33 country representatives and a representative from the international packaging press organization Entrepreneur Of The Year Award 2012

46

K.Ravi, Managing director,NCL industries , has won the Hyderabad Management AssociationsEntrepreneur of the year award 2012. Civil supplier minister D.sridhar babu presented the award to him at a function organized by the HMA here.A Hyderabad based company,NCL induction in engaged in the manufacture of cement, ready concrete, cement particle board etc. Life Time Achievement Award Eminent Write Ruskin Bond, renowned Sarod exponent Ustad Amjad Ali khan and noted classical singer Girija Devi were conferred Life Time Achievement Awards for the year 2011 -2012 by Delhi government at a function in New Delhi on June 22,2012. Eklavya Award The Government of Gujarat of June 5,2012 presented Eklavya Award of the year 2010-11 to Indian Cricketer Yusuf Pathan in Vododara. Munaf patel also received the award. Eklavya Award is highest award resented by Gujarat Government in the area id sports. Both recipients received cheque of Rs.1 lakh and a trophy. Benjamin Franklin Award US based India chief Vikas Khannas cookbook is among the winners of Americas prestigious Benjamin Franklin Awards on June 7,2012 , Pakistani civil servant Irfan Hussain also received the award for his book Fatal Faultlines in Politics and current affairs category while vikas khannas book was Flavours First: An Indian Chefs Culinary Journey. International Peace Award Two India human rights activists Binayak sen and Bulu Imam will be honoured with the International peace Award given by Gandhi Foundation at the House of Lords. The award was instituted in 1998 by Suruv Hoda and Diana Schumacher with support of the foundations President Lord Attenborough. Common Wealth Literary Prize Writers from Srilanka and New Aealand on June 8,2012 won the common wealth Foundations literary Prizes for 2012.shehan karunatilaka from srilanka picked up the common wealth short story prize was won by Newzealnda Emma Martin for Two Girls in a Boat. USIBC Leader ship Award The chairman and Managing Director of Mahindra & Mahindra , Anand Mahindra received the UDIBC leadership award along with Fors Motor President and CEO, Alan Mulally on June 12, 2012 at the 37th Annual gala of the US India Business council. USIBs is the largest bilateral trade organization based in Washington and Premier business advocacy organization advancing the US- India commercial and trade ties.

ECONOMY
E-Filling Mandatory For Income Above 10 Lakh The Government had made it mandatory for individuals with income of over Rs. 10lakh to file their tax returns for 2011-12. Electronically E-filling has been made compulsory for the person who is an individual or a Hindu undivided family, if his or its total income or the total income in respect of which he is or it is assessable under the Act during the previous year, exceeds ten lakh rupees for assessment year 2012-13 onwards.

47

India Spends Least On Healthcare Data from World Bank confirm that among the comparable BRICS Nations, which have similar social, political & economic influence in the globe, India spends the least on public healthcare. Among all the BRICS nations, Indias share of public expenditure in the total health expenditure is the lowest in each of the years from 2004 to 2009 at 0.936% RBI Cuts Repo Rate By 0.50% After a gap of three years, Reserve Bank of India on 17 April 2012 cut the repo r ate from 8.5% to 8% And the reverse repo rate reduced from 7.5 to 7%, As the CRR remains at 4.75%, which would stimulate growth and softening of inflation, And set the stage for a reduce in interest rate on home, auto and corporate loans. Print of MICR & IFSC Code Mandatory on Passbooks, RBI The Reserve Bank of India on 21 April 2012 directed all commercial banks to print the MICR( Magnetic Ink Chracter Recognition) and IFSC (Indian Financial System Code) Code on the passbook and statement of account of the customer. World Economic Outlook By IMF The International Monetary Fund (IMF) in its World Economic Outlook (WEO), released ahead of the IMF World Bank Spring meetings, marginally lowered India;s economic growth forecast to 6.9% in 2012, from 7% projected earlier. The IMF projected world economic growth rate to slump to 3.5% in 2012 from 3.9% in 2011. It pegged Indias growth during the 2013 year at 7.3%. According to the estimates of Indias Central Statistical Organisaton ( CSO), the growth rate during the financial year 2011-12 slipped to a 3 year low of 6.7%. the Union Government projected a growth rate of 7.6% for 2012-13 fiscal year . RBI Directed Indian Banks To Maintain Tier I Capital The Reserve Bank of India on 2 May 2012 published guidelines of implementation of the new global capital adequacy norms, called Basel-III, by March 2018. India banks will have to maintain Tier-I capital, or core capital of at least 7% of their risk weighted assets on an ongoing basis. The objective is to strengthen risk management mechanism . As per the guidelines specified by the central bank, commercial banks will have to maintain their total capital adequacy ratio at 9% higher than the minimum recommended requirement of 8% under the Basel- III norms. ADB To Provide $6.25 Billion Assistance To India The Asian Development Bank (ADB) will provide assistance of $6.25 billion to India over three years for various projects, including those in the energy and education sector. The lending support will go to key areas like transport, energy, urban development, agriculture, natural resource management. Prior to this ADB has approved 159 loans for India amounting to $24.12 billion. Moodys Downgrades 3 Private Sector Banks Moodys Investor Services has downgraded the standalone bank financial strength rating of the top three private sector banks- ICICI Bnak, HDFC Bankand Axis Bank. The global credit rating agency also downgraded the Life Insurance Coorporation of Indias foreign currency insurance financial strength rating. WEF To Open Office In India The world Economic Forum (WEF), known for its annual Davos meeting on 14 May 2012 said, it will open its full fledged office in India in the wake of the country growing economic clout. Besides, WEF which has been organising annual India event along with the industry body CII, has decided to go solo from this year. The branding of the event would also be changed to world Economic forum on India rather than India economic summit being held annually for the last 27 years. The World Wildlife Fund Report On Global Environment

48

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) in its report living planet report 2012 released on 15 May 2012 noted that Biodiversity has decreased by an average of 28 percent globally since 1970 and the world would have to be 50% bigger to have enough land and forest to provide for current levels of consumption and carbon emissions. The problem, by 2030 even two planets Earths would not be enough to sustain human activity. A summit on the global environment is to be held in Brazilian city Rio De Janerio from 20 to 22 June 2012. The summit is expected to draw more than 50,000 participates from different nations. RBI Decided to Set Up 2 Billion Dollar Swap Facility For SAARC Nations Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 16 May 2012 decided to set up a 2 billion dollar swap facility for SAARC nations. This facility will be available in foreign currency and Indian rupee. The facility will provide the member nation with the facility to swap US dollar, euro or Indian rupee against domestic currency or domestic currency denominated Government securities. The withdrawal could be done in multiple tranches. The move for a SAARC swap facility follows a decision taken by the SAARC finance minister at the ministerial meeting on global financial crisis. Retrospective Amendment To I-T Act May Impact FDI In India The amendment to increase tax laws with retrospective effects passed by Parliament may impact inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) into the country, a top Italian trade official said. General Provident Fund Interest Rate Hiked to 8.8% The Finance Ministry has hiked interst rates on General Provident fund to 8.8% a year with effect from April 1st this year. This move will benefit millions of employees.who are subcribes to this fund.berfore it is 8.6 in december 2011-March 2012. Fix NPAs, Pranab tells to banks Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee on 28 May asked banks to take steps to manage their non-performing assets (NPAs). which have grown on account of economic down turn.NPAs of public sector banks stood at about 3.3 percent of the assets in 2011-12 as against 2.3 percent a year ago said pranab. Delhi Chief Minister Sheela Dikshit Presented the Budget for Fiscal Year 201213 Delhi Chief Minister Sheela Dikshit on 28 May 2012 presented the financial budget in the Delhi assembly for the fiscal year 2012-13. The 33436 crore rupees budget had its share of populist measures as a number of social welfare schemes were announced in the budget by the government. Bihar Topped In Gross With 13.1 Percent Growth In 2012 State Domestic Product

Acoording to data released by Ministry of statistics of India on 1 June 2012, Bihar emerged as the state with highest economic growth rate in the country. No-Penality On Pre-Closure of Home Loan The reserve bank of India (RBI) on 5 June said that banks would not be permitted to charge force closure of charges/pre-payment penalities on home loans on floating interest rate basis,with immediate effect. CII Spells Out 10-Point Agenda For Economic Revival The confederation of Indian industry on 5 June announced a 10-poit agenda foe economic revival and out linked key areas of concern. points are -Cut repo rate by 100 basis points -Cut CRR by 100 bps -Alow accelerated depreciation for investmebts in plant & machinery. -25% weightted tax deduction on expenditure on companies going green. -Increase FDI limits in civil aviatioin and defence: allow FDI in multi brand retail.

49

-provide interest subvention of 2% to export credit for six months . - Clear 50 large projects in next 30 days . -Announce clean plan for fiscal consolidation. Allow direct access to inporters to stockly items for their forex requirement. World Bank projected Indian Economy to grow by 6.9 Per Cent in the Financial Year 2012-13 The World Bank in its report named Global Economic Prospects released on 12 June 2012, projected Indian economy to grow by 6.9% in the financial year 2012-13. The World Bank report predicted Indias growth increasing to 6.9 per cent, 7.2 per cent and 7.4 per cent in fiscal years 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15, respectively. SBH Cuts Interest On Retail Loans By Upto 175 bps SBH has reduced interest rates on retail loans by upto 175 bps with effect from 17 June 2012 for housing loans, the interest rate was reduced by 25 points to 11-11.50 percent .which on car loans it would be 11.50 percent against exisiting 12.25 percent. SBI Cuts Lending Rates by 50-350 bps For Small Units, Farm Sector Countrys largest public sector lender SBI has cut lending rates any 50 to 350 bps for SMEs (Small & medium enterprises) and agricultural segments. Multi Level TDS on Software To Go From July 1 The Finance Ministry has done away the Tax deduction at source obligation at each of the software distribution chain a TDs level of 10 percent was applicable at each level of the software distribution chain.The TDs exemption would be available only when the software is acquired in subsequent transfer, without any modification.This could mean that the benefit of TDS exemption will not be available for un branded software (or) customized software. India Ranks 55th On Foreign Money In Swiss Banks Indians money in Swiss banks may have risen for the first time in five years, but they account for a meagre 0.14 per cent of total foreign wealth deposited there putting India at 55th place globally for such funds.The total overseas funds in Switzerlands banking system stood at 1.53 trillion Swiss francs (about Rs. 90 trillion) at the end of 2011, which included 2.18 billion Swiss francs (Rs. 12,700 crore) belonging to Indian individuals and entities.While India accounted for only 0.14 per cent of total foreign money in Swiss banks, the U.K. accounted for the largest share of little over 20 per cent, followed closely by the U.S. with about 18 per cent. SBI TO Risk Up To $2 b via Overseas Bond Sale The country;s largest lender state bank of indi will raise up to $2 billion through an overseason bond sale ion the nect three months. Credit Rating Agency Fitch Downgraded Indias Credit Outlook Rating International credit rating agency Fitch revised the credit outlook of India to negative on 18 June 2012.The rating agency, however, maintained the Indias sovereign rating at BBB-.Fitch also downgraded the credit outlook of seven PSUs namely NTPC, SAIL, IOC, PFC, GAIL, REC and NHPC. The agency downgraded the credit outlook after considering a broad range of factors, such as, macro economic policy, economy, public finances. Negative credit rating means that over the next 12-24 months there is a possibility that Indias rating could be downgraded. 14 More services Come Under Tax- Exempt Negative List The Government on 20 June,Included 14 more services in the Negative list to exempt

50

that from the payment of service tax under the new dispensation that will come into effect on July 1.Among the new services that would now be exempted from the negative list-bared system of tax on services are advocate providing services to entities with a turnover of up to Rs.10 lakh,companies engaged in construction of metro projects, law firms & entities provideing public conveniences. Moodys Cut Rating Of 15 Top Global Banks Rating agency Moodys downgrades 15 of the worlds biggest banks on 21 June lowering credit rating by one to three notches ti reflect the risk they faced from volatile capital market activists. Margan staley, Bank of America corp & citi group, Goldman sochs group, swizerlands central bank e.t.c are in this list. RBI Hiked Foreign Investment Limit In Government Bonds By 5Million Dollars In a moved aimed at arresting the unrelenting fall of Indian rupee,Indias central bank the Reserve Bank of India on 25 June 2012 hiked the limit of foreign investment in government bonds by 5 million dollar to 20 billion dollar.The bank also raised the limit of external commercial borrowing (ECB)to 10 billion dollar. E-Voting Made Mandatory By SEBI For Top 500 Listed Companies Of BSE ANSE The capital market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)on 26June 2012 made it mandatory for top 500 listed companies to hold e-voting with an objective ti widen share holder participation in key decisions. Indias Fiscal Deficit For April -May Period Stood At 1.41 Lakh Core Rupees. As Per the latest data released ny the controller General of Accounts (CGA), indias fiscal deficit during the April- May, the first of the fiscal year 2012-13 stood at 1.41 lakh croer rupees,27%of the budget estimates. IRDA Fined 1.47 Crore Rupees On HDFC Life Insurance The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority(IRDA) on 28 June 2012 fined 1.47crore rupees on HDFC Life insurance against disobedience of number of regulatory provisions.It was the highest five on any insurer.IRDA tested HDFC Life Insurance from 26 July 2010 to 30 July 2010. Before HDFC Life, IRDA had dined on ICICI prudential Life Insurance of Rs.1.18 crore for violations that include paying agents and brokers commissions exceeding the permissible limits on May 2012.ICICI prudential penalty is the second highest impared penalty by the regulator after HDFC Life. Tata AIG becomes Tata AIA life Tata AIG life insurance has been rechistened as Tata AIA life Insurance company following the exit of amrican International group(AIG) from the Hong-kong based AIA Group. RBI Lunches Online Facilities For G-Secs Trading The Reserve Bank of India has taken one more step to widen investor participation in secondary market,Trading in government securities. The RBI has introduced a web based system for online trading by gilt account holders. This facility is operational from June 29. ICIC Bank Sells Its Debt In Kingfisher to Srei Arm ICIC Bank sold its entire debt of Rs. 430crore in the crisis -ridden Kinfisher to Srei venture capital Ltd,a group company of srei infrastructure Finance Ltd. Kingfisher airlines owned by liquor baron vijay Mallaya was launched in 2005 and has not reported profits since.The airlines has a total debt of a round Rs.7500crore.Banks which had given loans to kingfisher Airlines include SBI(Rs.1400 crore),PNB(around 700 crore), Bank of Baroda (around Rs.500Crore) and ICICI bank(around Rs.450 crore). Government To Setup Rs.2000 Crore venture Fund For R&d in Pharma

51

The central Government has decided to setup with a venture capital of Rs.2000 Crore which will promote research and development(R&D) in the pharmaceutical sector. India is the third largest producer of pharma products by volume, and the industry in growing at 15-20 percent annually. India Emerged as the 3rd Most Preferred FDI Destination: UNCTAD report 2012 According to the world investment report 2012 released by united nations conference on trade & development(UNCTAD) on 5 July 2012, India emerged as the third most preferred Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)destination in the world. The first position was occupied by china followed by US. The report noted that FDI inflows to had increased by 33%in 2011 to 31.66 billion. china Cuts Interest Rates Again chinas Central Bank cut interest rates for the second time in 2 months on 5 July 2012 in the latest attempt to bolster slowing growth in the worlds second largest economy. Rs.4,575 Plan To Revive Five PSUs Plans to nurse bock five public sector units (PSUs) at a total investment of Rs.4575 crore are under active consideration of the government which will also revive Lucknow based scooters India without inducting any strategic partner. Old time blue chip PSUs-HMT, HMT bearings,HMT watches, news print maker NEPA and Nagaland pulp and paper will be revived through the induction of funds by the government. SEBI Permitted MCX Stock Exchange(MCX-SX) to Operate As A Full-Fledged Stock Exchange Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) on 10 July 2012 permitted MCX stock exchange (MCX-SX) to operate as a full -fledged stock exchange there by ending nearly four-year-long wait of the bourse. with the grant of the permission MCX-SX will from here on be able to offer additional asset classes such as equity and equity FAO, internet rate futures and whole sale debt segments. ADB Gives $800m To Build 9,000 km Of Rural Roads This is first tranche of $1.2 billion programme covering 5 stets. A Loan of $800 million from the Asia Development Bank(ADB) will held build 9,00 km of rural road in five states. The investment is part of a larger $1.2 billion programme to connect villages in Assam, chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa & West Bengal with all -weather by the end of 2017. Coal India To Invest Rs 7,500 cr On Rail Infrastructure In 3 states Public sector miner coal India Ltd has lined up on Investment of Rs 7,500 crore to development railway tracks and related infrastructure to evacuate coal from chattisgarh, Jarkhand and Odisha . This would help the company to evacuate around 100 million tonnes(mt) of additional coal from each of states. IMF Lowers Indias Growth Forecast The International Monetary Fund on 16 July 2012 lowered Indias growth forecast for 2012 calendar year, citing weakening domestic demand and difficult external environment, and said the country faced financial stability concerns because of the depreciating rupee and large fiscal deficit. The fund expects Indias economy to expand only 6.1% in 2012 against its April estimate of 6.8%. Moreover, it does not see any meaningful recovery in 2013, pegging GDP growth at only 6.5%, down from 7.2% estimated earlier. Planning Commission Sanctioned 57800 crore Rupees As Annual Plan For UP Making an increase of whopping 23% annual financial allocation for UP, the planning commission of India allocated 57800 crore rupees to the state for fiscal year 2012-13.

52

Besides, it also approved a 20,crore rupees additional funding for centre sponsored schemes in the state. The planning commission had sanctioned 47000 crore rupees to up during financial year 2011-12 . The decision over the financial allocation for the state came following the meeting held between up chief minister Akhilesh yadav and planning commission chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia in New Delhi on 18 July 2012. Government Clears Dis Investment of 10.82 pc stake In SAIL The government on 19 July 2012 approved the sale of 10.82 percent of its stake in steel authority of India (SAIL),Which may fetch the exchequer over Rs 4,000 crore. The cabinet committee on Economic affairs (CCEA), headed by PM Manmohan singh has cleared SAIL public offer. The government currently holds 85.82% stake in SAIL. No need to file income tax returns if salary not exceeding Rs 5 lakh Salaried employees earning up to Rs 5 lakh a year need nod file income tax returns from this year, the Finance Ministry said on 20 July 2012.The exemption from filing I-T returns is applicable only if the total income of the employee does not exceed Rs 5 lakh (and) the annual interest earned from savings bank account is less than Rs 10,000 for assessment year 2012-13.At present, income of Rs 2-5 lakh attracts 10 percent tax, Rs 510 lakh 20 percent and above Rs 10 lakh, 30 percent. 13 trillion stashed in offshore tax havens A new report by tax researchers estimates the amount of black money deposited by a global super-rich elite in offshore accounts at 13 trillion equivalent of the combined GDP of the US and Japan. The report by Tax Justice Network released to The Observer is said to be the most detailed estimates yet of the size of the offshore economy. In the report, Mr James Henry, former chief economist at consultancy McKinsey and an expert on tax havens, shows that at least 13 trillion perhaps up to 20 trillion has leaked out of scores of countries into secretive jurisdictions such as Switzerland and the Cayman Islands with the help of private banks. No Service Tax on remittances from abroad Setting at rest concerns expressed in various quarters, the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), on 10th July,, clarified that remittances from abroad would not attract service tax.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY


Indian Navy Inducted Russian Origin Submarine The Indian Navy on 4 April 2012 inducted a Russian origin nuclear Submarine, INS Chakra into its flotilla. The nuclear submarine has placed India into the elite group of nations which operate nuclear vessels. The Akula II class submarine K-152 Nerpa, renamed INS Chakra II is on a 10 years lease from Russia at a cost of nearly 1billion dollar AWACS Test Flight Sucessful Achieving a major milestone, India has successfully carried out the maiden- test flight of its second indigenous Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft in Brazil on 5 April 2012 the DRDO said. The successful flight is seen as a major boost as the aircraft are scheduled to be delivered in June 2012 to the (IAF) Indian Air Force. Worlds First Flying Car Woburn, mass based Terrafugia said that its prototype flying car has completed its first flight, bringing the company closer to its goal of selling the flying car within the next year.

53

The vehicle dubbed the transition has two seats, four wheels and wings that folds up so it can be driven like a car. It flew at 1,400 feet for eight minutes, Terrafugia will be introduced in the New York Auto show and is expected to cost $ 279,000. Fossilized Bone Of a Foot In Ethiopia Scientists in the first week of April 2012, unearthed fossilized bones of a foot in Ethiopia which they believe could be a new species of human that roamed the planet some three million years ago and could offer insight into how man evolved to walk on two feet. The shape of the bones shows that the creature could walk upright at times. The ability to walk upright is an important feature that separate humans from other great apes. New ISRO Centre to Control Spy Satellite Launch The Indian rocket that will carry the 1,850 kg indigenous surveillance Satellite- Radar Imaging Satellite(Risat-1) to the skies in April month will be controlled by the new mission control centre at Sriharikota, said by senior officials of Indian space agency ISRO. The second mission control centre was inaugurated by President Pratibha Patil this January. The forth coming rocket launch would be controlled and monitored from the new mission control centre. The new mission control centre is modern and has layer area to accommodate more space scientist. Pre-Magalithic Period Discovered In Tamil Nadu Pottery & iron age megaliths dated the Pre -Megalithic/ iron age period in Tamil Nadu 1,800 BC-1,500BC found at Mandapam village, near Aarpakkam intersection, about 14 km from Kancheepuram in April 2012. The importance of the vast urn- burial site is that it belongs to a period earlier than the Megalithic age or 1 run age in Tamil Nadu. Gravity Changes Along Moons Surface Planetary Scientists claim to have coated a new gravity map of the Moon which shows that the gravity pull changes from location to location oves the surface of the Earths Natural Satellite. Using detailed top graph-phase information from NASAs Lunar Reconnaissance Orbitar Mission an international term was able to reveal the fine structure of the Moons gravity field in brand new detect. Agni-V Test Fired Successfully India on 19 April 2012 emerge as a regional super power with the successfully test fired of 5000 km-plus Long Range Ballistic Missile (LRBM) Angi -V from the Integrated Test Range on the Wheeler Island in Odisha. India entered into the elite club of nations with Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) Technology by successfully test firing nuclear capable Angi-V. This missile is 17.5 metre long, can carry 1 to 1.5 tonne conventional and nuclear warheads. Which can hit targets in large parts of China including Beijing. And can also target whole of Pakistan and South Asia . India To Join Project To Build Largest Telescope In a giant leap for astronomy, India will help to build the Worlds Largest and most advanced telescope. About 20 institutions like the India Institute of Astrophysics, Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences and many other will join to construction of the Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT), a Telescope that will have nine times the collecting areas of the current largest optical /infrared telescope and will provide unparalleled high sensitivity spatial resolution more than 12 times sharper than what is achieved by the Hubble Space Telescope, Six Scientists Of Indian Origin Elected Fellows Of Royal Society Bangalore based biologist Krishnaswamy Vijay Raghavan and Professor Tejinder Singh Virdee of Imperial College, London who was associated with the design and construction of the large Hadron Collider,proff Chandrashekhar Bhalchandra Khare, Proff Mathukumalli Vidhyasagar, Proff Shankar Balasubramanian, Proff Varinder Kumar Aggarwal are among

54

six internationally renowned scientists of Indian origin elected to the prestigious fellowship of Royal Society, Britains Premier Science Academy. They join the ranks of some of the worlds most famous names including Albert Einstein Isaac newton and Stephen Hawking etc. Pakistan Test Fired Hatf-IV Missile Pakistan Successfully test fired a nuclear capable international range ballistic missile on 25 April 2012. Intermediate range ballistic missile could reach targets up to 1000 km. The Hatf -IV, which was launched in the sea, was a version of the Shaheen-I with improvements in range .It can carry nuclear and conventional warheads. It can hit targets anywhere in India Indigenous Imaging Satellite PSLV-C19 Launched Indias first indigenously built all weather Radar Imaging Satellite, RISAT-I with applications ranging from agriculture to natural disaster management, is now in polar orbit after its carrier the PSLV-C19 was launched with clinical precision from the Sriharikota Spaceport of The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on 25 April 2012.RISAT-I, weighing 1,858 kg and the heaviest satellite launched yet by the PSLV is a state of the art active Microwave Remote Sensing satellite carrying a Synthetic Aperture Radar ( SAR) that will operate in the C-band. RISAT-I can imaging of the Earth surface features at day and night and under all imagined weather conditions. Indian Navy Inducted Stealth INS Teg The Indian Navy on 26 April 2012 added one more war fighting capabilties missile stealth frigate INS Teg to its navy. An advanced version of the Talwar class frigate which are already in service with its Teg was commissioned by Vice-admiral K.N Sushil at the ceremony at the Yantar shipyard at Kalingrad Russia . INS Teg had been built to meet the specific command and control needs of the navy for coordinated surface, air and water missions. The weapons suits of the 125 metre, 4,000 tonne frigate includes the Brohmos surface to surface missile system. India To Build Anti-Radar Missile After the success of the Agni-v project, India had set to take its defense capabilities a stride further, It is developing an Anti- Radiation Missile ( ARM) which can hugely multiply the strike capabilities by destroying the enemys advance warning system production of the Anti- Radiation Missile, Which is among the most advanced missiles is being undertaken on priority basis by the Defense Research & Development Laboratory. Such missiles can be mounted on Sukhoi fighter planes SU-30 MKI, 140 of which have already been acquired from Russia and around 100 more are expected to be delivered in due course of time. China Launches Two More Satellites For Navigation System China on 29 April 2012 successfully launched two more satellites for its proposed Beidou global navigation & positioning network being built to counter the US Global Position System (GPS). China had so far launched 13 satellites. The Beidou 2-satellites launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in the province of Sichvan, was boosted by a long march 3B carrier rocket and has entered the sheduled orbit. It is the first time China has launched two Navigation Satellites with one rocket and two satellites will help to improve the accuracy of the Beidou and compass system. 14 Times Bigger Supermoon On 5 May 2012, the moon had been closer to Earth than at any other times this year, which means it will appear up to 14 % bigger and 30% brigther han any other full moon of 2012. Its the supermoon ,it happens but once in a year. Pakistan Test Fired Hatf -III Pakistan on 10 May 2012 successfully test fired the traning launch of Hatf-III (Ghaznavi),

55

a short range ballistic missile capable of carrying both nuclear and conventional warheads across 290 km . The launch was conducted at the conclusion of the annual field training exercise of the Army strategic force command. Soyuz TMA-04M Rocket Launches In Kazakhstan The Soyuz TMA-04M rocket launches from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on 15 May 2012 carrying Epedition 31 Soyuz commander Gennady Padaika, NASA flight Engineer Joseph Acaba and flight Engineer Sargei Revin to the International space station. U.S Company Space X Test flight of the dragon space capsule The U.S company Space X on 22 May in Florida ( Cape Canaveral) to lunch its own craft towards th e international space station. The test flight of the Dragon space capsule,which lanuched a top space Xs falcon 9 rosked,aims to show that indutry can restore U.S access to the ISS after NASA retired its space shuttle fleet last year . The mission is set to include a fly-by and berthing with the station in the next three days ,before the capsule returns at the end of may month. Russia Successfully Test Fired a new Intercontinental Ballistic Missile U.S has the capable of piercing defence systems being developed. THe strategic Missile forces test launched a new prototype ballistic missile from a mobile launcher at the plesetsk cosmodrome in Askhangalsk Region on 23 May. It was the second launch of deeply modernised yar missile named Avangard. Large Solar Telescope A powerfull solar telescole billed as the largest in Europe opened recently on Spains canary Islands. Scinetist says it will alow them to study the sun unprecedented with a mirror diameter of 1.5meters , the Gregor telescope will be able to show structures on the sun on scales on small as 70 kilometres. India Test Fired Anti Aircraft Akash Missile Defence Research Development organization (DRDO) official associate with the Akash missile project.The missile,which has a strike range of 25km with warhead of 60 kgs,was test fired from a mobile launcher from launch complex-III of the ITR at about 110hrs.It is surface to air missile. Isarel Unleashes Spy Virus On Iran A Russian firm has discovered a new computer virus Flamewith unprecendented destructive potential that cheifly targets Iran. Kasperky Lab, is one of the Worlds biggest producer of anti-virus softwaer discovered the cyber weapon called Flame during an investigation that was prompted by the International Telecommunication Union. Pakistan Successfully Test Fired Nuclear Capable Hatf9 Missile Pakistan on May 29 2012 succesfully test fired a short range Hatf9(Nasr)missile.The missile which has a range of 60kilometers is capable of carrying nuclear warheads. It was pakistans third ballastic missiile test since April2012. 6th NTR Literary Award for Tamil Writer Ashoka Mitran

Noted Tamil Writer Ashokamitran, Known for his novel Thanneer and other works was declared the recipient of the 6th NTR National Literary Award on 4 May 2012. The award is sheduled to be presented on 28 May 2012. The writer was born in Secunderabad and was closest to Telugu Culture, languages and people. Miss India World Awarded With Kalpana Chawla Excellence Award Actress Sushma Seth and Miss India World Vinya Mishra were awarded with Kalpana Chawla Excellence award on 6 May 2012 at MavlankarAuditorium, New Delhi. The other awasrds included Padmabhushan Kuchipudi and Bharatnatyam dancer Swapna Sundari, IPS officer Shalini Singh, WWho had won the police medal for meritorious service in 2012 and jewellery designer Puneeta Trikha. The Order Of The Rising Sun, Ratan Tata Tata group chairman Ratan Tata has been conferref The Grand Cordon of the Order of

56

the Rising Sun title by Japan for his contribution instrengthening economic relations between Japan & India. The ceremony of conferment has been held in Tokyo on 8 May 2012 at the Imperial Palace in presence of the Emperor of Japan . Tata had made a huge contribution from the perspective of promoting trade and investment in industry as well as for improvement of the business environment in India . Pt. Ravi Sankar Conferred First Tagore Cultural Harmony Award Classical sitar maestro Ravi Sankar has been awarded the first Tagore Award for cultural harmony by a jury chaired by Prime minister Manmohan singh to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore , which was announced on 7 May 2012. The award was given in recognition of his outstanding contribution to cultural harmony and universal values. The award comprises Rs. 1crore in cash, a citation in a scroll, a plaque and an enquisite carved handicraft or handlloom memento. the award would be presented to the sitar guru by the president at a special ceremony. International Jurist Awards to five Persons Including Mulayam Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav and Pakistan chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Choudhary are among five eminent personalities who have been chosen for the prestigious International Jurists Award 2012. Yadav and Choudhary will be presented the awards on 28 May 2012 at a ceremony in London by Right Honble Lord Phillips, president of the Supremme court of the United Kingdom. Besides the two eminent personalities, International Bar Association president Akira Kawamura, Stephen B Huttler and Christophe Eck will also be presented the awards, while Yadav was chosen for this award for his uniflinching contribution to the advancement of the bar and the bench. Bhanuprakash in Guiness Book of Records Chikka Bhanuprakash of Bhoodan Pochampalli entered the Guiness Book of Records for lifting 8.67 kg weight using the fingernails of his left hand. Mr. Bhanu, who is working as a software engineer in Hyderabad has become famous for preparing sketches with his fingernails and lifting weights. Narayana Murthy receives Awards From US University Infosys chief mentor Narayana Murthy had been felicitated with the global leadership and five enterprise awards by the University of South Florida in recognition of his entrepreneurial spirit. The two awards were presented to Murthy by USF President Judy Genshaft at ceremony in Tampa, Florida. Amartya Sen to Receive Honourary Degree From US University Nobel Laureate and eminent Indian American economist Amartya Sen will receive an honourary degree from the prestigious John Hopkins University. Apart from Sen, five other persons including Myanmars Pre- Democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi, environment microbiologists Rita R.Colwell, Canadian diplomat, politician Stephen . Lewis, American businessman and philanthropist John . Malone and IBM Chairman Samuel J Parmisano have also been chosen for the prestigious citation. Vetern Actress Suchitra Sen Conferred Banga- Bibhusan Award Eminent film actress Suchitra Sen was conferred with West Bengal Governments highest award Banga- Bhushan on 20 May 2012. The legendary filmstar was however, not present on the stage to receive the award as she continues to remain away from public eye. The award was received by his daughter and grand daughter. The award includes a citation and award money worth of Rs. 2 lakh. Pedabayalu Coffee wins Flavour of India Fine Cup Award The International jury at melbowrne in Australia has adhusted as the best coffee grown in Araku Region comprising Odisha and Andhra Pradesh as the best coffee in the region for the year 2012 and bestowed the Flavour of India Fine Cup Award 65th Cannes FilmFestival The 65th annual cannes film festival was held from May 16 to May 27 ,2012 .The Palmedor was awarded to Australian director Michael Heneke for his film Love. The Jury gave the Grand Prize to Matteo Garrones Reality.

57

The Angel Share was Awarded the Jury Prize Best Actor is Mads Mikkelsen for the film Hunt Best Actress is Cristina flutur and Cosmina Strantan for thr film Beyound The Hills Best Director is carlos Regadas for the film Post Tenebras Lux Best Screen Play is Beyounf the Hills by Cristian Hungiu Rahul Bhattacharya Wins British Friction Prize Young writer Rahul battacharya on 29 May won the prestigious Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize 2012 for his book, The sky company of people who care.He also won Common Wealth Book prize for 2012 . Scientists Successfully Sequenced The Genome of Tomoto Sciencetists at the tomoto genome consortium(TGM) successfully sequenced the genome of tomato.It took 7years for the scientists to creck the genome.It will increase the vegetables production world wide and decrease its price .Indian scientists were also the part of research. Pakistan Tests % 5th N-Capable Missle Pakistan on 5 June tested its fifth nuclear -capable Cruise missile with a 700 km range that can deliver a one -ton nuclear war head. Pakistan Test Fired Hatf-vII(Babur) Pakistan Test fired successfully the indigenously developed Hatf-vII(Babur) cruire missile on 15 June 2012.Earlier on 29May 2012 pakistan had successfully carried out the test of indegenously developed slort range surface to surface multi tube Missile Hatf IX(NASR) followed by the test of nuclear capable cruire missile Hatf-VIII(Raad)whose test was conducted on 31 May 2012. World IPv6 Launch Day Organized By Internet Society World IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) Launch Day held globally on 6 June 2012. All the major Internet Service Providers, networking equipment manufacturers and web companies around the world came together on the occasion, to permanently enable IPv6 for their products and services. The day, organized by Internet Society, represents a major milestone in the global deployment of IPv6.World IPv6 Day 2012 was an event sponsored and organized by the Internet. The Solar Transit Of Venus Presented A Spectacular Show In The Space In a rare space event, Venus, the second closest planet from the sun, passed in front of the sun on 6 June 2012.The view at the time the Venus was crossing though the Sun was incredible, as a tiny black dot appeared on the solar surface.Venus is 100th of the diameter of the sun so while moving across from one side to the other, just a black spot placed over on the disc of the sun. The celestial phenomenon which repeats itself in more than 100 year, will now be rewitnessed only in 2117. Largest Database Of Martian Impact Craters A University of Colorado Boulder team recently finished counting, outlining and cataloguing 635,000 impact craters on Mars the single largest database ever compiled of impacts on a planet in our solar system. March 7 Solar Flare Is Strongest Eruption Yet The powerful March 7 flare, which earned a classification of X5.4 based on the peak intensity of its X-rays, is the strongest eruption so far observed by Fermis Large Area Telescope (LAT). China launched Its Fourth Human Spaceflight Shenzhou-9 Into Space China on 16 June 2012 launched its fourth human spaceflight Shenzhou-9 from the

58

Jiuquan satellite launch centre in north-western Gansu state. The 30.3 feet long and 9.1 feet diameter, Shenzhou -9 spacecraft will conduct the first manned docking mission and set the foundation for Chinese plans to build a space station by 2020. China Sent Its First Woman Astronaut Liu Yang Into Space Shenzhou-9 space mission also holds significance as its crew members comprise three astronauts including Chinas first woman astronaut Liu Yang.Liu Yang, a cargo pilot in the Peoples Liberation Army air force, is the first Chinese female astronaut, who has been sent on the space mission. Aerial Microwave Radar Gauge Installed At Channel Mouth At Machilipatnnam To predict cyclones and Tsunamis Aerial Microwave Radar Gauge was installed at channel mouth at Machilipatanm.Though a collabarative project jointly implemented by DMS-SVH college os engineering, is association with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) abd National Institute of Ocean Graphy(NIO),Goa,Downward looking Aerial Microwave Radar Gauge was installed to measure accurate sea level.The sea level gets influenced by atmospheric pressure,wind etc. Following the depression there us a rise in the sea level.Under the Indo-Franch collaborative project of the ISRO, the NIO ,Goa has established a network of sea leve;; gauge across the Indian coast and islands. Scientists Create Bone From Fat Cell For the first time , scientists have developed new bone from fresh an purified fat stem cell. The new procedure carried out on an animal model, is also hoped to be applied to produce other tissuess, including heart,skin and castilage, a break through which they may say one day eliminate the need for painful bone grabts that use material taken from the patient. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species The red list of threatened species, prepares by the International union for conservation of nature (IUNC) has listed 132 species of plants and animals as critically Endangered, he most threatened category, from India. Indian Scientist gets U.S Patent For Cancer Treatment A Scientist hailing from Hyderabad and his colleagues have invented a system in which nano particles carrier the payload of anti cancer drug releases it only in the cancerous cells around.The cutting edge research done in the united states has been patented recently.The nano technologist Rao papineni their to correspondent on phone from U.S. German Research House For Research And Innovation To Be Launched in New Delhi The German research foundation (DFG) newdelhi will, on October 26 and 27, launch the German research house for research and innovation(DWIH) that will serve as a one stop for the Indian science community to know about research and science organizations in Germany and funding opportunities available to carry out research there.with their, India will become the 5th country to have the science house,U.S, Russia, Japan and BRazil already have such facilities.THe first German house was started in2009 in the U.S. Japan to Restart Of 2 N Reactors Japan on June 16,2012 approved the resumption of nuclear power operations at two reactors despite mass public opposition, he first to come back on line after they were all shut down following the fukushima crisis .Prime minister Yoshihiko Noda announced the governments decision at a meeting with keep ministers, giving the go-ahead to two reactors operated by kansai Electrical Power co in western Japan. Scientists Grow New Vein from Girls Stem Cell

59

For the first rime, Scientist led by an Indian origin researcher have successfully replaced a major blood vessel in a 10 year old girl with a vein grown in a lab using her own stem cells. The pioneering transplant, published in The lancet, marks a further advance in growing body parts in laboratory and offers hopes for patients who lack suitable veins for dialysis or bypass surgery.In the landmark research, a team from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden took a vein from a dead man, stripped of its own cells and then bathed in stem cells from girl, who was suffering from portal vein obstruction.There was a striking improvement in her transplantation. This is the future for tissue engineering where we can make tailor-made organs in the lab. India Installed Nuclear Submarine India has successfully installed nuclear reactor in the indigenous nuclear submarine INS Arihant on 17 June 2012 followed by trails. With the launched of INS arihant, India has already joined the league of those six nations who operate nuclear submarines US, Russia ,china ,France and Britain. India has , for the firsts time, built a miniature nuclear reactor. In Japan, First Reactor Is Restarted Since Quake A two-month shutdown of Japans nuclear power plants ended on Sunday when officials at a western plant reactivated a reactor for the first time since the disaster last year in Fukushima.The restarting of reactor No. 3 at the Ohi nuclear plant was ordered by Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda, in a decision that has spurred growing public protests. Zebra Fish Research Facility Opened at CCMB A state of the art research facility on Zebrafish, an important animal model to study modern biology and human diseases, was inaugurated at the center for cellular and Molecular Biology(CCMB).The genome of Zebrafish was similar to the genome of humans and this has prompted CCMB to deal exclusively with their ti investigate development biology invertebrates. UK To Test Worlds first Pilotless Fighter By 2013 Pilotless fighter planes have come a step closer to reality as British Aerospace revealed that it would test such a new fighter jet next year.The company is set to unveil a new super-fighter which can fly on its own for 24 hours with no cockpit and no human on board, according to a media reported.If all goes as planned the artificial intelligence could mean the end of fighter pilots in the UK and bring down the curtain on conventional aircraft like the F-35. Iran tests fires Missile, says Israel Target Iran on 3 July 2012 said it had successfully tested medium rang missiles capable of hitting Israel in response to threats of military action against country. Worlds Smallest fly Discovered Scientists have discovered what they say is the worlds smallest known fly which feeds on tiny ants, probably decapitating them and using their head casings as its home. with a length of Just 0.4mm. the fly called Euryplatea nanaknihali, is five times smaller than a fruit fly and tinier than a grain salt, the researcher said. Amniotic fluid An Alternative stem Cell Source Stem cells taken from amniotic fluid can be transformed into a move versatile state similar to embryonic stem cells and may offer an alternative to the medically valuable but controversial cells , scientists said on 3 July 2012.British researchers said . They had succeeded in reprogramming amniotic fluid cells without having to introduce extra genes. This suggests the possibility that stem cells derived from amniotic fluid could be stored in banks and used for medical therapies and i research.

60

God of all particles found ! British researches from the large Hadron collider at CERN(european organization for Nuclear research) said here on 4 July 2012 they have found a new subatomic particle consistent with the elusive Higgs boson, which is thought to give mass to elementary particles. These results mark a significant break through in our understanding of the fundamental laws that govern the Universe, said prof.john Womersley , CEO of the science & Technology facilities Council. The particle was proposed in 1964 by three groups of physicists, including Britains peter Higgs, after whom it was named. The results were labelled as preliminary, based on data collected in 2011 and 2012 data still under analysis. But scientists are 99.99% sure the new particle is Higgs Boson, or the God Particleas it better Known. Home HIV Test Wins FDA Nod After decades of controversy, the food and Drug administration, or FDA on 3July 2012 approved a new HIV test that for the first time maker it possible to learn in the privacy of their homes easy to use as a home pregnancy kit. The OraQuick Test,by Orasure Technologies, uses a mouth swab and gives results in 20-40 minutes. Yahoo! India RAD Sets Up Lab at IIT Madras Yahoo ! India RAD has entered into an agreement with IIT, Madras, to support its faculty and students in closed computing research. Yahoo has setup a grid computing lab Madras on IIT Campus, consisting of a cluster of high-end server running its open source Hadoop software, which will provide the infrastructure necessary to conduct research on bid data and cloud computing systems. The lab, which costs over Rs.50 lakh to build. will be accessible to students who have cloud computing courses and doctoral candidates. Dark Matter Found Between Galaxies For the first time. astronomers have discovered a giant string of invisible dark matter across the universe between a pair of galaxy clusters. The Universe is thought to be filled with such strings of dark matter, a mysterious substance that cannot be seen, only sensed through its gravitational pull. DNS Changer Virus Tens of Thousand of people around the world whose computers were infected with malware known as DNS Changer away lose their internet access on 9 July 2012 after the expiry of a US government fix. The virus was created by a gang of cyber criminals to redirect Internet traffic by hijacking the domain name systems of web browsers. The ring behind the DNS changer virus, discovered in 2007, was shut down last year by the US Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI): Estonian police and other law enforcement agencies. Because the virus controlled spo much internet traffic, authorities obtained a court order to allow the FBI to operate replacement servers which allow traffic to flow normally , even from infected computers. Hubble Discovers Fifth And Tiniest Pluto Moon US astronomers using the Hubble space Telescope have discovered a fifth and tiniest moon yet orbiting the icy dwarf planet Pluto. The mini-moon is estimated to be irregular in shape and between 10km and 25 km across. It is visible as a speck of light in Hubble images, NASA said. The newly discovered moon, provisionally named s/2012[134340]1 until it gets a proper name, could help reveal more on how the Pluto system came into existence and evolved ever since. Plutos largest moon, charon,which is about 1000 Km across, was discovered in 1978. Hubble observations in 2006 uncovered two additional small moons, Nix and Hydra. India Successfully Test Fires nuclear Capable Agni-I Missile India successfully test fired domestically Agni-I ballistic missile.The missile was launched from a test range at wheeler island off Odisha coast. Agni-I was developed under the join

61

of work of advanced systems Laboratory, the missile development laboratory of the DRDO, DRDL and Research centre Imarat, while it was integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad. Russian Soyuz Space Craft blasted -off From The Baikonour Cosmodrome In Kazakhstan A Russian Soyuz TMA -o5 M Space craft carrying three astronauts including sunita Williams, the Indian American astronaut, took off for the International space station on 15 July 2012 from Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. The Soyuz launch marked that opened the door to US- Russian cooperation in space science. Asian Space Powers gear For More Moon Missions The three major Asian space powers China , Japan & india are entering the next phase of their lunar exploration. Now, all three want to send an orbiter that will circle. The Moon as well as lander that will gently settle on its surface and release, a rover that will roam about. Chinese space officials says that the Change-3 could leave for the moon in 2012. Indias chandrayaan-2 mission could be on its way in 2014. Japan plans to send selene2 landing mission to Mon by Tatasuaki okda. south korea plans an orbiter lander mission to Moon around 2023. Iran on 3 July 2012, test-fired a medium range ballistic missile Shahab-3 The Shahab-3 has a range of up to 2000 kilometres. The Shahab-1 and Shahab-2, the two short-range missiles, with ranges of 300 to 500 kilometres, were also launched. The missile launch was the part of Irans Great Prophet 7 exercise. Great Prophet 7 exercise was announced by Iran on 1 July 2012 in the wake of latest European Union sanctions on Iran. The exercise, which involved test of dozens of missiles and domestically-built drones came following European Unions decision to ban the purchase of Iranian crude oil. The EUs decision is the clear repercussion of failed dialogue held between Iran and world powers on Irans ambitious nuclear programme. Scientists identified First Radio Waves from Middleweight Black Hole HLX-1 A team of scientists at the University of Sydney on 10 July 2012 discovered the first radio emissions from the middle weight black hole HLX-1, that lies in a galaxy about 300 million light-years away. The research team had used Compact Array radio telescope from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). HLX-1 (hyperluminous X-ray source 1), lies in a galaxy called ESO 243-49 about 300 million light-years away. As per the new study, the size of HLX-1 is around 20000 times the mass of our sun which makes it an intermediate mass black hole. U.S Approves Anti HIV Drug The U. S Food and Drug administration(FDA) gave its first ever nod for an anti- HIV drug, Truvada , to pharmaceutical firm Gilead Sciences, Truvada is known chemically as fixed dose, daily intake combination of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fume rate. India Set TO launch Astrosat Next Year Astrosat along Journey for a national space observatory. Next year, India is to launch Astrosat, the countrys first satellite dedicated to astronomy, which will gaze out at the Universe in x-ray, U.V and visible light bands . The data its instruments supply help scientists to have better under standing of the ways of the cosmos. TIFR, Mumbai will be responsible for developing three of Astrosats five instruments . India pitches for BrahMos induction in Russian naval fleet India 17July 2012 asked Russia to induct the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile in its Navy to strengthen the joint venture between two countries. This was conveyed to Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin here by head of the BrahMos joint venture A Sivathanu Pillai. BrahMos missile has been inducted in all the three wings

62

of the Indian armed forces but the Russian side has not yet done so. Stephen Hawking Launches Supercomputer Renowned theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking has launched the most powerful sharedmemory supercomputer in Europe. Hawking anticipates that the COSMOS supercomputer, manufactured by SGI and the first system of its kind, will open up new windows on the universe, a university. During the launch, which is part of the Numerical Cosmology 2012 workshop at the Centre for Mathematical Sciences at the University of Cambridge, Cosmology is now a precision science, so we need machines like COSMOS to reach out and touch the real universe, to investigate whether our mathematical models are correct. Worlds smallest semiconductor laser created Scientists have developed the worlds smallest semiconductor laser, a breakthrough that they say will lead to the development of faster, smaller and lower energy photon-based technologies for treating and studying diseases. Physicists at The University of Texas in collaboration with colleagues in Taiwan and China, have developed the worlds smallest semiconductor laser, a technology for emerging photonic technology with applications from computing to medicine, according to a report published in the journal Science. The device is constructed of a gallium nitride nano rod that is partially filled with indium gallium nitride. Both alloys are semiconductors used commonly in LEDs. The nano laser is too small to be visible to the naked eye and when fired, it emits a green light. Army Conducts Successful User Trail of Brahmos Balasor ( Odisha) On July 29,2012. India on 29 July 2012 successfully test fired Brahmos supersonic cruise missile from the integrated test range at chandipur of odisha coast. The missile with a flight range of up to 29 km is capable of carrying conventional war head if 300 kg. This is a surface to surface army version was test fixed as a part of user trial by the Army. This was test fired from ground mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of ITR. China Tests Career Rocket Engine China on 29 July 2012. It has successfully tested a new 120 tones thrust liquid oxygen (LOX) and kerosene engine for its new generation carrier rocket, the Lon March-5 for future space launches. The LOX/Kerosene engine under went a test of a high rotational speed of nearly 20,000 revolutions per minute. NASAs Newest Mars Rover Faces a Tricky Landing The US space agencys most ambitious and expensive Mars mission yet, and it begins with the red planet arrival on 29 July 2012 of the smartest interplanetary rover ever built. NASA designed for the Curiosity rover is so risky its been described as seven minutes of terror the time it takes to go from 13,000 mph (20,920 kph) to a complete stop. The future direction of Mars exploration is hanging on the outcome of this USD 2.5 billion science project to determine whether the environment was once suitable for microbes to live. Previous missions have found ice and signs that water once flowed. Curiosity will drill into rocks and soil in search of carbon and other elements.

PERSONS IN NEWS
A) Appointments Ibrahim Kalifulla As Supreme Court Judge Jammu & Kashmir High Court chief Justice F.M.Ibrahim Kalifulla was appointed as Supreme Court Judge on 2 April 2012. He will remain a Supreme Court Judge for a period of four years.

63

New CDM For BDL Satya Narayana Mantha has been appointed as the new chairman & Managing Director of Bharat Dynamics Ltd ( BDL ) on April 2 2012. Ajit Pal Singh Named Indias Chef-de Mission For Olympics Ajit Pal Singh had became the first sports person to be named Indias Chef-de-Mission for the Olympic games, on 2 April 2012, bringing an end to the bitter wranglings for the post within the IDA. The seven members committee, which was formed to appoint the Chefde-mission for the July 27 2012 Olympic Games, unanimously selected the former hockey star to head the Indian contingent in the London Olympics. Amarendra Khatua, New Envoy To South Sudan & Sudan India in the last week of March 2012 appointed Amarendra Khatua as its special envoy to South Sudan & Sudan to broker peace between two countries. This was done with the objective of strengthening Indias pursuit of oil & other Hydrocarbon resources in Africa. Amarendra Khatua is the MEA additional secretary he handles the passport division, Malawis New President Prominent womens right campaigner Joyce Banda has taken sworn in as Malawis new president on 7 April 2012. After the former President Binju Wa Mutharika died of heart attack on 5 April 2012 Malaysia s New King Sultan Abdul Halim takes oath as Malaysias new king on 11 April 2012 New Pakistan Envoy To India Pakistans former foreign secretary Salman Bashir was appointed as new envoy to India on 14 April 2012 . Who has been part of the post 26/11 Indo-Pak dialogue process. New World Bank President The World Bank on 16 April 2012 had chosen Korean born American health expert Jim Yong Kim as its new president. Mr. Jim was president of Dartmouth College will assume his new position from 1 July after the Banks current president Robert Zeollick steps down. World Heart Federation President Dr. Srinath Reddy had been appionted as the president of World Heart Federation (WHF) on 21 April 2012. Dr. Srinath Reddy was the first Indian ever to be conferred this honour. S.Narsing Rao took as Chairman of CIL S. Narsing Rao, former chairman of Singareni collieries company Ltd was appointed as the chairman & Managing Director of Coal India Limited ( CIL) on 24 April 2012. B) RESIGNS James Murdoch Stepped Down From British Sky Broad Casting James Murdoch on 3 April 2012 resigned as the chairman of Satellite Broad Caster British Sky Broad Casting, Murdoch was forced to step down given his alleged role in phone haking at closed the news of the world newspaper. Mali President Resigns The President of Mali, Amadov Toumani Toure resigned on April 8 2012 following the

64

agreement signed with the mediators. Greek Prime Minister Quits Greeces P.M Lucas Papademos resigns to his position on 11 April 2012 to set a stage for early elections on May 6 2012. Netherlands Prime minister Resigns The Netherlands Prime Minister Mark Rutte and his cabinet resigned on 23 April 2012 after failing to reach agreement on reducing the countrys budget to meet European guidelines. Abhishek Manu Singhvi Resigned As Congress Spokesperson Abhishek Manu Singhvi , the spokesperson of the ruling congress party, tendered his resignation on 23 April 2012. Singhvi also resigned from a powerful parliamentary law committee that he headed. Jordan Prime Minister Resigns Jordans Prime Minister Awn Al- Khasawneh resigned on 26 April 2012, just six months after he took offices with a pledge to push for political reforms. C) Deaths Former BCCI President N.K.P. Salve Passes Away Former BCCI President and former Union Minister N.K.P.Salve passed away on 1 April 2012 in New Delhi. N.K.P Salve had been the president of the BCCI when India won the World Cup in 1983. Communist Leader Promode Gogoi Passed Away Veteran communist leader & President of the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Promode Gogoi passed away on 6 April 2012 in Guwahati. Chinas Dissidents & Astrophysicist Died In US One of Chinas best known dissidents & Astrophysicist Fang Lizhi died in excile in the US on 6 April 2012. He had become a force to reclon with prominent during the 1989-prodemocracy movement. He was known as Chinas Sakharavo. Legendary Newsman Mike Wallace Died Mike Wallace, a legendary newsman known for impertinent, the CBS reporter who became one of Americas best known broadcast journalist as an interrogator of the famous & infamous on 60 minutes died on 8 April 2012 in America. Nityananda Mohapatra Passes Away Nityananda Mohapatra, author, freedom fighter, Gandhian and editor passes away on 17 April 2012 in Odisha D)VISITORS Pakistan President Visit To India The Pakistan President Asif Ali Zardari visited India on 8 April 2012 at New Delhi for the high level meeting over trade, security and friendly issues Visit of Qatar President to India The president of Qatar Emir Sheik Hamad Bin Khallifa Al-Thani visited India for boosting

65

trade and investments between the two countries. UN Secretary General Visit to India UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon visited India for two days, and had meetings with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh regarding the relatives of victims of the 1984 anti sikh riots. E)MISCELLANEOUS Titanic Wreckage To Become UNESCO Heritage On the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic, its wreckage will become underwater cultural heritage protected by the UNESCO, under a convention ratified by 41 states, the organisation said on April 14, 1912 Titanic hit iceberg in North Atlantic and sank. This year will mark 100 years since the tradegy, that the hull will from now on be protected by the 2011 convention on the protection of the underwater cultural heritage. The convention can only be applied to objects that sank more than 100 years ago. The Titanic, the biggest and most luxurious Ocean liner of its time, sank in international waters and no state has exceptional jurisdiction over the wreckage. Railways New Rail Bheem With an aim of hauling heavier trains, railway is ready to roll out a newly designed 5500 horse power diesel locomotive equipped with all modern features including 100 km per hour running speed. Aptly named as Bheem, the high horse power locomotive is currently undergoing safe trail. Manufactured at diesel Locomotive Works at Varanasi, the prototype has cost about Rs. 17crore to the railways. Second Child Genius A four years British girl, Heidi Hankins has been hailed as a child genius after being ranked just one point below Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking in IQ of 159 against average adult 100 IQ. She has became the second youngest ever child to be accepted into the Elite Mensa Society for people with high IQs. Two and a half years Oscar Wrigley remains the first youngest with an IQ of 160. London, Most Impressive City In The World The wealth report, a study which focuses on the ten international cities deemed the most impressive by high net worth individuals each with assets in excess of its 15.5 million. Economic activity, quality of life, political power, knowledge and influence were all factors in assessing what made a city important according to the survey. London has been voted the worlds most important city according to the wealth report study. Taking second & third place, are New York and Hong Kong. A) Appointments Indian American Vikram Singh Appointed To SES of Pentagon Indian American Vikram Singh ,an expert on Afghanistan and Pakistan and close aide of late diplomat Richard Holbrooke, was appointed to an important position of Deputy Assistant Secretery of Defence for South and South East Asia at the Pentagon. He replaced Robert Seher who had been assigned as deputy assistant secretary of defence for plans. Vidya Balan Appointed As The Brand Ambassador of NSC Union Rural Development Ministry of India on 4 May 2012 in National Award winning actor Vidya Balan was appointed as the Brand Ambassador for improving the state of sanitation in the country. Rural Develop Minister Jairam Ramesh brought in the leading bollywood star to promote the National Sanitation Campaign (NSC). New Prime Minister for Russia

66

Dimitri Medvedev has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of Russia on 8 May 2012 . New Chancellor for Eflu Mrs. Sunaina Singh had been appointed as the new Vice- chancellor of the English and Foreign Languages University (Eflu) on 11 May 2012. She is the head for the English department in Osmania University at present. Rahul Khullar Appointed TRAI Chief Commerce security Rahul Khullar has been appointed as chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India ( TRAI) for three years on 13 May 2012. He will succed J.S Sharma whose tenure ended on 13 May 2012. New German Ambassador To India Michael Steiner had been appointed as the German ambassador to India on 14 May 2012, he was earlier special envoy to Afghanisthan and Pakistan. Jean Marc Ayrault New Prime Minister of France Jean Marc Ayrault a moderate socialist took over as the Frances new Prime Minister on 16 May 2012 Saurabh Chandra Took The Additional Charge (SDC) Saurabh Chandra, secretary, Department of Industrial policy and promotion was slated to hold the additional charge of the post of secretary of the department of commerce on 14 May 2012 India American Elected To City Council in Texas After Several Months of consistant campaigning, Himesh Gandhi, a person of Indian origin (PIO), has been elected to a city council in the US state of Texas on 17 May 2012. Bedi Selected to the Board of World Federation Against Drugs Team Anna member Kiran Bedi has been selected as the Board member from the Asian region to the Board of World Federation Agaibst drugs. Bedi has been elected unanimously to the Board during a meeting in Stockholm earleir this week as recognition of her work in the field of contaning drug abuse throug her NGONavjyoti. New Army Chief Bikram Singh General Bikram Singh, a vetarian infantry officer, who took over as the 25th chief of the Indian Army on 31May 2012 , has to grapple with the challenge of closing the fissures in the top echelons of the worlds second largest force. B) Resigns Snooker Champion Stephen Hendry Announced His Retirement Seven time world snooler chmpion Stephen Hendry announced his retirement on 1 May 2012 after loosing in the quarter finals at the world championships. The 43 years old legend called it a day after a 13-2 defeat to fellow Stephen Maguire. Nepal Cabinet Resigns To Form New Government Nepal cabinet tendered its resignatiom on 3 May 2012. Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai also stated resigned by the end of the month . The decision to step down came in the wake of an agreement among the Nepals major political parties to form a new coalition Government. UTI Mutual Funds Chief Marketing Officer Resigns UTI mutual funds chief marketing officer Jaideep Bhattacharya stepped down from his post on 4 May 2012. Bhattacharya quit the position to explore Carrier opportunities Indian American Scientist Quits From Top Energy Post

67

Apunava Majumdar, eminent Indian, American scientist had resigned after the US Senate did not confirm president Barack Obamas proposal to elevate him as under secretary at the Department of energy. Mahasweta Devi Resigns from Bangla Academy The Magsaysay Award Winner Mahasweta Devi,who is known to be close associate of West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in her resignation as Chair person of the Bangla Academy on 23 May. Sanjay Joshi Resigns a Head of BJP National Executive BJP Leader, Sanjay Joshi,bete noire of the Gujarat Vheif Minister on 22 May resigned a head of the party national executive. Infosys Bpo Coo Indnani Resigns Indias largest software services firm,Ritesh Idanani senior vice president and cheif cooperative officer of its business processing out sourcing arm, has resigned. Pieterson Retires fron ODIs England star Kevin pieterson retired from international limited overs cricket on 31May a secision which took the England and Wales Cricket Board(ECB) by surprise. C)Deaths Former Left Front Minister Nandagopal Died Veteran Communist Party of India leader and former left front minister Nandagopal Bhattacharya died in Kolkata on 6 May 2012. Nandagopal served three terms from 1961 tp 2011 as minister in the West Bengal Government. Norways World Swimming Champion Dale Died Norways World Swimming Champion Alexander Dale Oen died suddendly on 1 May 2012 in the US aged 26, he had won gold medal in 400m breakstoke at the world cahmpionship in Shangai in July 2012. Mexican Novelist Carlos Fuentes Dead Author Carlos Fuentes, Who played a dominated role in Latin Americas novel- writing boom by delving into the failed ideals of the revolution, died on 16 May 2012 in Mexico. Disco Queen Donna Summer Died Singer Donna Summer, popularly Known as the Queen of Disco has died after a long battle with lung cancer on 17 May 2012 in Florida. Whose real name is LaDonna Adrain Gainess . D) Visitors Hillary Clinton 3-Day Visit To India The US secretary Hillary Clinton visited India for a 3-day visit and initially resisting US pressure to adhere to international sanctions on Iran. She met West Bengal chief minister Mamata Benerjee in Kolkata and after that Mr.Manmohan Singh and chairperson Sonia Gandhi. The main agenda was that India would reduce its dependence on Iran oil imports. French PresidentFrancois Hollande on Surprise Trip to Afghanistan French PresidentFrancois Hollande arrived in Afghanistan on 25 May for a surprise trip to visit Frances Troops there.Hollandae ,who plans to accelerate the withdrawl of french soldiers fron Afhanistan to the end of this year was accompanied by Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and Defence Minister Drian. PM Meets Myanmar President in Land Mark Visit PM Manmohan Singh visited Myanmar on 27 May . A three day visit in Myanmar. He is

68

the first PM to visit Myanmar in 25years. India suggested the two countries should work out a joint strategy to tackle terrorism and insurgency along their border and enhance security cooperation. Iranian vice President Ali Saeedlu Visits Cuba Iranian vice President Ali Saeedlu Began an official Visit to Cuba. saeedlu,Ahmadinejads deputy for international Affairs,met with cuban vice President Jose Ramon Machado on 28 May,after which they stressed the excellent state of bilateral tiesan official statement. Myanmar Suu Kyi Leaves For First Abroad In 24 years Myanmar democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi visited Thailand on 29 May to attend a world Economic Forum Meet ahead of her European tour. Iranian Foreign Ministers visit to India Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar salehi visits India on 31May on a two day visit to formaly invite prime minister Manmohan Singh for the Non Aligned Movement(NAM) summit to be held in tehran in august. E)Miscellaneous Googles New Translate Services Started Recently Google had started his instantly free online language translation services which can translate more than 14 languages of text and web pages, which is called conversation mode. Paris is Worlds Most Expencive City For A Club Sandwich Paris had turned out to be the worlds most expencive city for a club sandwich according to a survey by Hotel Booking site. New Delhi has emerged the cheapest in this survey of major tourist destinations and business capitals. The site has been tracing the prices of this classic chicken, bacon, egg, lettuce and as handy indicator of how expencive or inexpencive a city is for travellers. Worlds Largest Hindu Temple to Be Built In Bihar Worlds largest Hindu Temple to Be Built In Bihars East Chaparan district by a religious body Mahavir Mandir Trust (MMT) said its secretary on 13 May 20121.The temple is built over 50 acres land donated by the Kathwalia Math, The temple would not be the exact replice of the Angkor wat temple, but few common features of the two religious structures. The five storied temple will be 1,240 feet long, 1,150 feet wide 272 feet tall and will house the idols of Radha and Krishna, shiva & parvati, Ganesh , Surya, Vishnu and Dashavatar. The construction cost of the temple would be about Rs. 300 crore. Tallest Residential Building in Dubai Princess tower in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is 413.4 metres high and has 101 storeys above ground dedicated to residential use.Guinness said . This has set a new record with Princess Tower,which the Guinness World Record The Richest Woman in World Australias reichest person Gina Rinehart has eclipsed Wal-Mart Heiress Christy Walton oz tycoon to become the Worlds Wealthiest woman,according to an annual index by Business review Weekly,personal fortune at $28.48 billion Ratan Tata Rmains India Incs Most Powerful CEO Tata sons chariman Ratan Tata heads the ET-Corporate Dossier ranking of India Incs most powerfull CEOs for the fourthyear running. While Mukesh Ambani has Managed to retain his position at the second place,his brother Anil has fallen six positions at no.11 ,Sunil Mittal i sin 16th position. Record Carbon dioxide Emission in 2011 India stood Fourth China spurred a jump in global carbondioxide emissions to their highest recorded level in 2011,offsetting falls in the united states and europe .THe International Energy Agency (IEA) said on 25th may India moved a head on Russia to become the fourth largest co2 emitter,behind china ,the u.s and E.U.

69

Old puzzle of Newton Solved by Shaurya Roy an Indian Student A 16 year shaurya roy has saolved the Newtons 350 year unsolved puzzle which had baffled the world of Mathematicians for more than 350 years. he has been hailed a genius after working out the problems set by Sir Issac Newton. The scholl boy,from Drebsden,Germany,solved two fundamental particle dynamics theories.which physicians have previously been able to calculate only by using computer. Postal Stamp on Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti Released Union Minister of Communication and IT Kapil Sibal on 27 May released a postal stamp to mark the 800th urs of Sufi saint Khawaja Moinuddin Chistu at Ajmer.The stamp was released in the ceremony hall Mehfil Khana of the Dargarh Premises in the presence if a large number of Zayrines(pilgrims). Indian-American Snigha Nandipati Becomes word Spelling Bee Champ Snigha Nandipati, a 14-year-old Indo-American girl spelled the French for ambush, guetapens,right to be crowned the 2012 Scripps National Spelling Bee Champion. A) Appointments Arup Raha Takes Over As IAFs Western Command Chief Air Marchal Arup Raha, an ace combat pilot, on 1st june took over as the chief of Delhi based western Air command. Dinesh Kumar Mehrotra Appointed as LIC chairman Dinesh kumar mehrotra has taken over as the chairman of the countrys logest insurer.Life Insurance corporation of India on 1 june 2012. Sachin Tendulkar Takes Oath As Rajyasabha MP Master blaster sachin Tendulkar started his new innings on 4 June taking oath as Rjya sabha member in the chambers of RS chairperson and vice-president Hamid Ansari. Sachin is the first active sports person and cricketer to have been nominated to the Rajya sabha under the prominent Quota. D.K.Joshi-Next Navy Chief Vice admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi,flag officer commanding-in-chief(Foc-in-C)of the Western naval command will be the next cheif of the navy.Vice admiral Nirmal retire on 31 August.D.K Joshi will hold the post for 3years. R.N.choubey Is The New Head Of DGH The centre has appointed Rajiv Naraya Choubey, a senior bureaucrat,Mr.Chobey ,a 1981 batch DAS officer of Tamilnadu cadre will be the first bureaucrat to head the highly Technical arm of the oil Ministry .Which has been marred by control versies in the past few years. Sampath Appointed As New CEC(cheif election commissions) Senior most Election commissioner veeravalli sundaram sampath was appointed as the chief election commissioner.He replaces S.Y.Qureshi,who retire on June 10,2012.He will carryout his term till June 16,2015-either for six years in the commission or till age of 65 which ever comer earlier. Dr K.C. Chakrabarty Has Re-Appointed As Governor Of RBI The central government, on 13 June appointed Dr K.C. Chakrabarty as deputy governor of RBI, for a further period of 3 months beyond June 14,2012,or until further orders,which ever is earlier .the RBI said in a release. Mr.Chakrabarty was appointed as Deputy governor in

70

2009 for 3 years and took charge as deputy governor of RBI on June 15,2009,it added. Fatou Bensouda Appointed As The Chief Prosecutor Of The International Criminal Court Gambian lawyer Fatou Bensouda was sworn in on 15 June 2012 as the International Criminal Courts new chief prosecutor. Bensouda was elected at the latest session of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute (ASP) in December 2011 for a nine-year term. Indian-American Appointed To Top Yale Position The prestigious Yale University on Sunday announced the appointment of IndianAmerican academician Anjani Jain to a top university position.Beginning July 1, 2012 Mr. Jain will join the Yale School of Management (SOM) as senior associate dean for the fulltime MBA programme.Mr. Jain has served in multiple leadership roles at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, including 10 years as vice dean of its full-time MBA programme.His appointment comes at a time of important expansion and opportunity for Yale SOM. Alok Misra Is IBA Chairman The Indian Bank Association(IBA), on 18 June said Bank of India chairman and Managing director Alok Misra has been elected of the bankers body for the current fiscal. Sekhar Basu Taken Charge On BARC Director Sekhar Basu,who played a key role in the development of atomic reactor for indias indigenous nuclear submarine INS Arihant, on 19 June took charge as director of Bhabha Atomic Reasearch Centre(BARC).Mr.Basu succeeds R.K.Simha, who has been elevated as chairman of the Atomic energy commission and secretorydepartment of Atomic energy in May. New MD For Sony India Japanese electronics major Sony , on 20 June, announced the appointment of Kenishiro Hibi as Managing Director with effect from July 1 for India operations. Harish Bhat Is New CEO Of Tata Global Harish Bhat has been appointed as chief executive officer and managing Director of the company. He will take over from percy poria, who returns on June 30,2012 FAI Souths New Chairman K.Rahul Rahu, managing director of Nagarjuna fertilizers and chemicals Ltd, has been unanimously elected chairman of fertilizer Association of India(FAI) southern Regional committee for the year 2012-13. Pakistan gets Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi as its Deputy Prime Minister haudhry Pervaiz Elahi, a top leader of the ruling PPPs key ally PML-Q, has been appointed as Pakistans Deputy Prime Minister. Isaac Takes Over as ICC Chief Sharad Powers reign as the president of the International cricket council(ICC) ended on 28 June as Newzealander Alan Isaac took charge from him for a two-year-term at the ICC annual conference . The 60 Year old Isaac, a former New zealand cricket chief, became the eight president of the ICC, while former South Africa wicketkeeper David Richardson was confirmed as the new chief executive of the world body,taking over from country man Haroon Lorgat.

71

Neeraj Kumar Was Appointed As The New Commission Of Delhi Police Neeraj Kumar, the 1976 batch Indian police service(IPS) officer, was appointed as the new commissioner of Delhi police on 28 June 2012 . Neeraj Kumar will succeed B.K.Gupta who is getting his tenure as the Delhi police commissioner completed on 30 June 2012. Neeraj Kumar, who is servicing as the Director General of Tihar jail, will assume the new charge on 1July 2012. US Appoints Envoy To Myanmar For the first time in 22 years, the US has appointed its ambassador to Myanmar as part of efforts to upgrade ties with the country which has launched a slew of democratic reforms after five decades of authoritarian rule. The appointment of veteran diplomat Derek Mitchell, who was till now the Special US Representative and Policy Coordinator for Myanmar, was confirmed by the Senate on 29 June 2012 and he is expected to leave for that country soon. V. K . Duggal appointed as member of NDMA Former Union home secretary V.K Duggal has been appointed as one of the members of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) on June 21 2012 . Shreyans Kumar Jain headed the WANO Shreyans Kumar Jain, Former chief of (NPCIL) has been elected as head of Tokyo centre of world Associations Nuclear operators (WANO). Jean Marc Ayrault PM of France Frances President Francois Hollande reappointed ,Prime Minister Jean Marc Ayrault on June 18,2012 . Who resigned earlier. Hollandes socialist party won the absolute majority in French , Parliamentary elections. R.K .Singh appointed as the chairman of NHAI R.K. Singh has been appointed as regular chairman of National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) on June 11, 2012 . The position for the full time chairman at NHAI fell vacant in August 2012 after the retirement of Brijeshwar singh. Rupak Kumar Dutta appointed as aditional director of CBI Rupak Kumar Dutta has been appointed as the additional Director in the central Bureau of Investigation(CBI) on June 11,2012, He had previously held several posts in CBI from 1988 to 96 and 2000 to 2006. Gokul Chandra Pati Gokul Chandra pati has been appointed as officer of Animal Husbandary,Darirying and Fisheries. He will replace Rudhra Gangadharan as new secretary, who reties , on June 30 2012. Shiv RamKrishna Rajan Indian Scientist, Shiv Ram kirshna Rajan, has been appointed as member of the United Nations Commission on limits of the Continental Shelf(CLCS). He was the representative of India for CLCS elections. His tenure ends in 2017. Madan Bhimrao Lokur Justice Madan Bhimrao Lokur sworn in as a Judge of the Supreme Court on June 4,2012, Prior to this, Lokur was chief Justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court. Indian American appointed to Key Texas board

72

A prominent Indian American community leader has been appointed to a key body of engineering professionals in Texas. Texas Governor Rick Perry appointed sockalingam sam Kannappan and Edward to the Texas board of Professional engineers for terms to expire in September 26,2017. B) Resigns Commerce Secretary Resigns John E. Bryson announced his resignation as President Obamas commerce secretary on 21 June 2012, citing medical reasons after an episode in which he had a seizure and was involved in a sequence of car crashes. Virbhadra Singh Resigns Union Minister for micro,small and medium enterprises resigned in 26 June 2012 after a Himachal Pradesh court framed corruption charges against him.The president, as advised by the PM, has accepted the resignation of Virbhadra singh from the union council of Ministers,with immediate effect. Pranab Quits As Finance Minister Finance Minister Pranab Mukharjee resigned on 26 June as he has been elected as the presidential candidate by congress government. Manmohan singh took charge of the finance ministry until a cabinet reshuffle is effected after the presidential election. C)Deaths A.V.S Reddy Passes Away A.V.s reddy retired IAS officer and former state election commissioner, who earned kudos for his rescue and relief work during the 1977 diviseema cyclone, passed away after a brief illness Hyderabad on June 4 2012. Ex-Director Of Institute Of Astrophysics Passes Away The former Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics(IIA) J.C.Bhattacharya, passed away in the New Delhi on 4 June after prolonged illness. First Women To Win Nobel In Economics Died Indiana University professor Elinor Ostrom, the first and only woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences,died on 13 June due to cancer.she was 78 years old . Legendary Cuban Boxer Teofilo Stevensan Died At The Age Of 60 Legendary Cuban Boxer Teofilo Stevensan Died of heart attack on 13 June 2012 at the age of 60. stebenson,won his first gold at the 1972 Munich games,and went on to win two more golds at the 1976 Montreal and 1980 Moscow games,ruled the game for nearly 14 years.He was the first fighter to win the olympic gold medal in the same division three times. Ghazal King Mehdi Hassam Passes Away Indian born Ghazal legend Mehdi hassan, the melodian voice behind evergreen hits like ,patta patta,boota boota and kabke bichare,died on 13 June following multiple organ failure at the age of 84. Saudi Crown Prince Nayef Dies Crown Prince Nayef, the hardline interior minister who spearheaded Saudi Arabias fierce crackdown crushing Al Qaedas branch in the country after the 9/11 attacks in the United States and then rose to become next in line to the throne, has died. He was in his late 70s.

73

Former RS Member Dipankar Mukherjee Passes Away Dipankar Mukherjee, an engineer- turned-trade unionist and former Rajya Sabha member, died at a hospital on 18 June morning after battling pancreatic cancer. Mukherjee, 69, a former CPI(M) Rajya Sabha member from West Bengal and a senior leader of the CITU. NIA Chief Radha Vinod Raju Passes Away Radha Vinod Raju, founding Director-General of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) and key member of the special investigation team which probed Rajiv Gandhi assassination, died in Kochi on 21 June 2012. Abid Hussain Dead Abid Hussain who was among those who helped break mental barrier after the end of the cold war,passed away in London on 21 June morning after a massive heart attack, He was 85 years old.The normal career progression of an Indian Administrative service(IAS) cadre office.which wound up in the commerce Ministry, Dr.Hussain was one of the key persons who set ball rolling for Indias economic liberalization. Roy Burman Passes Away Renowned anthropologist and social scientist B.K.Raoy Burman 90 passed away.New delhi on 26 June morining .A former visiting professor of Jawaharlal Nehru University and professor of visva Bharathi University and Ex-officio Director of the council of social Developement, prof.Burman also served as a visiting senior fellow at the centre for the study developing societies. Radha Vinod Raju Radha Vinod Rahu, founder director general of the national Investigation Agency(NIA) and a police official renowned as one of the best in India, passed away on June 21,2012. He had undertaken several challenging assignments including the investigation into the 1999 hijack of an Indian Airlines plane to kandahar. Balu Sankaran Renowned orthopedic surgeon , Balu sankaran , who was formerly Director General of Health Services and Director of the WHO (191-87) in Geneva passed away on June 20,2012. He was also honoured with Padam sri in 1972 and Padma Vibhushan in 2007. Author Ray Bradury Science fiction author Ray Bradhury, famous for books such as Fahrenheit 451, passed away at the age of 91 on June 5, 2012. Bradhury broke through in 1950 with The Martian Chronicles destroying an idyllic martian civilization prophesied the banning of books, especially works of fantasy, a theme Bradbury would take on fully in the 1953 release, fahrenheit451. G K Kumaravel G K Kuamaravel, a senior scientist involved in the development of arjun main battle tank,died in an accident in Rajastahan on June 11, 2012. Kumaravel was head of the Arjun Main battle Tank(MBT) Mark 1 and 2 programmes at the cambat vehicles Research Development Establishment (CVRDE), avadi. He was on his way to Pokhran to participate in user trials of Arjun MBT Mark-2 when the accident occurred . D) Visitors U.S Defence Secretary Leon Pnetta Visited India U.S defense secretary Leon Pnetta arrived india on a two-day visit on 5 june 2012.The

74

visit was aimed at strengthening bilateral strategic and defence cooperation between the two nations,discuss chinas growing assertiveness,especially in the contentions south china sea,and the volatile Af-Pak region. PM Manmohan Singh departed For G-20, Rio+20 summits Singh attended the seventh summit of the Group of 20 developed and developing countries (G-20) started in the Mexican resort town of Los Cabos on June 18 and the Rio+ 20 Summit in Rio De Janeiro. Australian high commissioner Visits Uttar Pradesh Australian High Commissioner Peter Varghese on 22 June paid a courtesy visit to Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and expressed interest in cooperation and technology transfer between his country and the state for river cleaning, energy sector and agriculture. PM Manmohan Singh Visits Pretoria Prime Minister Manmohan Singh arrived on 22 June midnight a visit to Mexico and Brazil for attending two international summits.He was on overnight stay in this South African city before leaving for New Delhi on 24 June. E)Miscellaneous Britain Marks Diamond Jubliee Of Queen Elizabeth-II Britain on 2 June kicks off four days of celebrations to mark Queen ElizabethIIs Diamond Jubilee, including a 1000-bad river pageant and a star-studded concert.These celebrations were held at Thames in London.The most spectacular nautical parade in 350 years, the pagenant wasthe centre piece of 4 day diamond jubilee. Worlds Oldest Pearl Discovered In UAE The Oldest Pearl in history which dates back to the Neolithic age. some 7,500 years old has been found in the UAE.The French National Center for Scientific Reasearch has announced that gems believed that the oldest pearl known goes back to 3000 BC. and was found at an antiquity site in Japan. Climbs Worlds 14 Tallest Peaks A Japanese Mountaineer who was nearly killed by an avalanche in 2007 finished a climb in Nepal last month that made him countreys first person to scale the worlds 14 tallest mountains. Hisotoka Takeuchi said on 11 June in kathmandu tops 14 peaks including everest,k2 and kanchanjanga are in the Himalaya or kara koram ranges od Asia . He is the 30th person to climb all 14 and first climber from Japan. Class IX Bengaluru Girl Wins Indian Spell Bee Belligerent was one of the words that samvida venkatesh spelt right at the Indian Spell Bees grand finale.THe class IX student from Bengaluru won the HDFC life Spell BeeIndia spells 2012, poweres by the Times of India, in association with Horlicks. Across The Niagara Falls On A Tightrope Daredevil Nik Wallenda completes historic high-wire walk, braving blustering winds, heavy spray A daredevil American, Nik Wallenda, became first person in the world to walk on a tightrope across the roaring Niagara Falls, separating U.S. and Canada. Chenab Rail Bridge Promises To Be An Engineering Wonder The worlds highest rail bridge being constructed over chenab river in Jammu & Kashmirs Reasi district will be ready by December 2015 coming up at kauri, it will be 359metres above the river bed 5 times the height of QutubMinar and 35 metres taller than Eiffel

75

Tower. Erotic Books Beats Potter Record An erotic book dubbed as mummy porn has beaten the J.K Rowling authores Harry potters record in the U.K book sales chart, becoming fastest selling paper back of al time in just one week.The nook Fifty Shades of Grey has became the fatest selling paper back since records began. Erika Mitchell, who writes with the pen name EL James beat Rowling and Davinci code author Dan Brown. Global Second Warmest May On Record The Globally averaged temperature for May 2012 marked the second warmest May since 1880.The temperatures were measured over global land and ocean surfaces.

A) Appointments
Jawahar Thakur assumed the Charge as the controller General of Accounts Jawahar Thakur, a 1979 batch Indian civil accounts service officer took over as the new controller General of Accounts (CGA) of India, the past earlier held by c.R.Sundaramurti, Prior to his appointment as the CGA,Thakur was the principal chief controller of Accounts in the central board of Direct Taxes(CBDT) under the department of Revenue in the Finance Ministry. Chidambaram Appointed Head of EGOM Home minister P.Chidambaram was on 6 July 2012 appointed the head of the Empowered Group of Minister(EGOM)on spectrum auction that was reconstituted after Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar declined the job fearing controversies.Chidambaram,will head the 7 member group that also includes Defense Minister A.K.Antony, Telecom Minister Kapil sibal, IAB minister Anbika soni, Law minister Salman Khurshid, Minister of state in PMs office V.Narayana swamy and Planning commission deputy chairman Montek singh Ahluwalia. Jayarama Bhat Gets Second Term as Karnataka Bank Chief The RBI has approved the reappointment of Mr. P. Jayarama Bhat as MD and CEO of Karnataka Bank for the second term. Mr. Bhat first term in office will be completed by July 13.The RBI has conveyed its approval for the reappointment of R. Bhat for further period three years with effect from July 14. SEBI Appoints Muralidhar Rao as ED Mr. S.V. Muralidhar Rao has been appointed as executive Director with SEBI .The appointment of Mr Rao as ED comes after the vacancy created by the exit of Ms. Usha Narayanan. Bhusan Now In Steel Ministry Civil Aviation additional secretary and former DGCA E.K.Bharat Bhushan was shunted out of the civil aviation Ministry on 13 July 2012 and posted as additional secretary and financial adviser in the ministry of steel. Seema Modi Named Heinzs First Woman MD In India US Food Company Heinz had appointed seema Modi as its India Managing director , helping has become the third woman to become the India head of a global consumer products firm in the last 2 years. Yahoo! Names Googles Mayer as New CEO yahoo! named 37 year-old Marissa Mayer , a key Google ream member ,a s its chief

76

executive making her among the most prominent women in Technology and corporate America. At Google. Mayer was responsible for local and geographical products including Google Maps, Google Earth, Zagat, Street view, and local search for desktop and mobile. she joined Google in 1999 as its 20 th employee and led efforts for many of Googles most recognizable products, including the development of its flagship search product and iconic home page for over 10 years. Styam Retains Manoharan As Director Stayam Services retained Mr. T. N Manoharan, the former President of Institute of charted Accountants of India , as a director of the company. Mr. T.N.Manoharan, the Government appointed director on the scam-hit firm. ceased to be the director two days ago long with Mr.Ashok Kacker, conforming to the company Law Boards 2009 order. Sachin Tendulkar, Rekha Included In Parliamentary Panels Rajya Sabha MP Sachin Tendulkar was made a member of a Parliamentary Standing Committee on Information and Technology on 19 July 2012 The 31-member panel is currently examining the Cable Television Networks(Regulation) Second Amendment Bill, 2011. Bollywood actor and another Rajya Sabha member Rekha has been included in the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Food, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution. The panel, with 31 members, is examining the Bureau of Indian Standards (Amendment) Bill, 2012, the Consumer Protection (Amendment) Bill, 2011,the National Food Security Bill, 2011 and the Warehousing Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2011. Amartya Sen Appointed As First Chancellor of Nalanda University Nobel laureate Amartya Sen was on 19 July 2012 appointed as the first chancellor of the upcoming Nalanda International University in Bihar. Pawar Heads GoM on Coal Minning Agriculture Minister sharad Pawar has been named as head of the Group of Ministers on coal mining, position earlier held by pranab Mukherjee. The 12 member GoM on coalmining was constituted by the prime minister in February 2011 to iron out issues impeding the sector, Which is vita; for meeting energy requirement if the economy. Hesham Kandil Named Egypt Prime Minister By President Mohammed Morsi Egypts newly-elected President Mohamed Mursi has appointed Hisham Kandil, irrigation minister, head of the new government, assigned to turn the nations economy and internal security around after 17 months of instability and protests.Kandil was born in 1962 which makes him Egypts youngest prime minister to date. He is also the countrys first bearded premier. Ali Mamluk appointed as New Security Chief of Syria General Ali Mamluk, who was appointed on 22 July 2012 as the new head of Syrias National Security office, is a career intelligence officer. General Ali Mamluk, who was head of state security, is becoming the head of the Bureau of National Security, with the rank of minister, overseeing the entire security apparatus. Mamluk is a Sunni Muslim from Damascus, who has been a central figure of Syrian security for decades although most of the top echelons belong to the minority Alawite sect from which the Assads hail.

Pranab Mukherjee sworn as 13th President of India


Pranab Mukherjee was on 22 July 2012 sworn in as the countrys 13th President at an impressive ceremony in the packed and historic Central Hall of Parliament. a familiar place for the 76-year-old Congress veteran who has spent over four decades in politics, Mukherjee took the oath of office as President, in the name of God, to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and law. Omita Paul is appointed as the secretary of the president

77

Appointment committee of the Cabinet (ACC) appointed Omita Paul as the secretary of the president. She was replaced christy L Fernadez. Omita is a retrieved officer from Indian Information service(IIS) from 1973 batch.She is the wife of K.K.Paul, the former Delhi police Commissioner. Anil K. Agarawal is New ESIC Chief Mr. Anil agarwal has taken over as the Director General of Employees state Insurance corporation (ESIC) under Ministry of Labour and employment. Mr. Agarwal is an IAS officer of the 1981 batch. before this he was serving as additional chief secretary , Animal Resources Development department, Government of west Bengal. Nasir Ali as the new Joint Managing Director of Air India Civil aviation Ministry on 11 July, appointed Nasir Ali as the new joint managing director. He was dealing with human resource issue related to the merger of Air India and Indian Airlines. He is the second managerial executive posted in airline by civil aviation ministry after Rohit Nandan who was appointed as the chairperson and managing director of the airline in 2011. First Female Head of the AU Union Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma African Union (AU) on 15 July 2012 elected South Africas home affairs minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma as its new head, making her the first female head of the union.Dlamini-Zuma beat incumbent Jean Ping of Gabon 37-17. Dlamini-Zuma, wife of the former South African President Jacob Zuma, African Union, the successor to Organization of African Unity, came into existence in 2002 at Durban summit in South Africa. The Union is headquartered at Addis Ababa Ethiopia. A pan-African organization, AU aims at promoting unity and cooperation among African nations. The association also strives to spread democracy and good governance in the continent. At present the African Union has a total of 54 members. Morocco is the only African country which is not the part of the Union. The new President of Mexico is Enrique Pena Nieto The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) leader, was elected as the new President of Mexico on 2 July 2012. The Institutional Revolutionary Party had ruled Mexico for nearly 71 years, before being voted out of power in 2000 presidential elections. Under the Mexican Constitution, the president is the head of both the state and the government. He is also the Supreme Commander of the Mexican armed forces. B. Surender Mohan was appointed as the new Chairman of Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) B. Surender Mohan was appointed as the new Chairman and Managing Director of Neyveli Lignite Corporation (NLC) on 1 July 2012.A R Ansari was the former Managing Director of Neyveli Lignite Corporation. Neyveli Lignite Corporation is the government organization and the leading company in mining, thermal power plants and innovative researches. Mohan is 56 years old. He served as the Mines Director in his earlier stage of life. He started his career from Rourkela Steel Plant and he was the Deputy General Manager at Rashtriya Ispat Nigam in the year 1998.

B) Resigns
Pawar Quits as Tele GOM Within days of his appointments,Agriculture Mnister sharad pawar on 2 July 2012 rescued himself from heading the Empowered group of Minister(EGOM) on telecom. The Agriculture minister was named the head of the EGOM that was to decide on the pricing and auction of telecom spectrum after pranab mukharjee quit as Finance Minister to contest Presidential elections. Attempts have been made in the past to unnecessarily drag me in the controversy on 2G spectrum. These allegations are false and ill -motivated

78

which one have firmly refuted, MR.Powar said in his letter to PM, As such one thoughts it will be appropriate for me to rescue myself from the position of chairman of EGOM Mr Powar added. CEO Diamond Quits Barclays Barclays chief executive diamond resigned on 3 June , followed a few hours later by the banks chief operating officer, in a deepening scandal over the rigging of a key global interest rate. The latest resignations took to three the number of senior Barclays executives have to quit in the last two days. Mr.diamond and COO Jerry del Missier stepped down the day after Barclays chairman Marcu Ahius resigned on 2 June 2012 and amid an intense London financial sector. Sadananda Gowda resigns as Karnataka CM Ending his 11-month tenure, DV Sadananda Gowda on Wednesday resigned as Karnataka Chief Minister, paving the way for Jagadish Shettar to take over Rehman Malik resigns from Pakistan Senate after SC order In the wake of Pakistan Supreme Courts order suspending his membership of Senate, Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) leader and the countrys Interior Affairs in charge, Rehman Malik, on 10July 2012 tendered his resignation from Senate.

C)Deaths
Assamese Poet Hiren Bhattacharyya Died Popular Assamese poet and Winner of the Sahitya Academy Award and several honours for Hiren Bhattacharyya who passed away at a private hospital on 4 July 2012.He had been undergoing treatment for long and urinary infection since June 14. He was 80 . popularly known as Hiruda, Bhattacharyya was widely known for using single words in his poems. Floral Tributes Paid To Jagjivan Ram on Death Anniversary Floral Tributes were, on 6 July 2012 Paid to freedom fighter and former deputy PM Babu Jagjivan Ram at his memorial santa sthal in New Delhi on the occasion of his 26th death anniversary Darasingh Passed Away Wrestler -turned -actor Dara Singh , who was battling for life since the last five days , passed away early on 12 July 2012. A childhood hero to may for his wrestling prowess, 83-year old singh , who played Hanuman in epic Teleserial Ramayan and also dabbled in politics, passed away at 7.30 Am on 12 July 2012 at his residence. Tamil Languages Computing Championship Anto Peter Passed away Tamil Language computing champion Anto peter passed away on 12 July 2012.He was 45 year old. He was awarded with the Best Author Award in the year 2007 by the union government of India. He won Best book government Awardin the year 2004. Anto peter was the member of Tamil software development fund,semmozeh conference,12th five year plan committee which was represented by the government of Tamilnadu. Czech Drug Developer Dead Czech scientist Antonin Holy, who played an important role in creating drugs to treat HIV and AIDS , died at the age of 75, the CZECH Academy of sciences said. Mr. Holy died on 16 July 2012 the day U.S Health regulators for the first time approved using truvada, a drug that he helped develop, to prevent infection in people who face a high risk of contracting the virus that causes AIDS. Mr. Holy also helped develop the drug vestide, used for the treatment of retinitis in AIDS patients, and Heprera to treat hepatitis B.

79

Veteran socialist Mrinal Gore, the Paniwali Bai passes away Veteran socialist leader Mrinal Gore, who earned the sobriquet Paniwali Bai for her efforts in bringing drinking water supply to Goregaon, a Mumbai suburb. passed away on 17 July 2012. She died at 84 .Gore led a rally of hundreds of women brandishing rolling pins from Church gate to Azad Maidan in South Mumbai. The first time she held a similar protest on the issue was in 1972. Rajesh Khanna Passed Away Rajesh Khanna , Indias first superstar, died of liver failure at his home on 18 July 2012 . Rajesh Khanna , 69, was battling liver and kidney problems for a long time . He is survived by wife Dimple kapadia and daughters twinkle and Rinke. Announcing the death, his son-in-law,actor Akshay kumar expressed his condolences. His debut film was Aakhri khat (1966).His first superhit film was Aaradhana opposite Sharmila Tagore. The actor appeared in 163 films, including 15 consecutive super hits between 1962 and 1972, an unbroken record. Syrian Defence Minister Died A suicide bomber struck the National Security building in the Syrian capital on Wednesday, killing the defence minister and President Bashar Assads brother-in-law the harshest blow to the Syrian regime since the uprising began.Defence minister Dawoud Rajha, 65, a former army general, was the most senior government official to be killed in the Syrian civil war as rebels battle to oust Assad. Indira Gandhis Advisor P.N.Dhar Dead Prithvi Nath Dhar, an eminent economist who served as principal secretary to the late M Indira Gandhi in the 1970s,died in new Delhi on 19 July 2012. He was 94 and died of age related problems. A Professor of economics in Delhi University for many years, Dhar was one of the founder of the Delhi school of Economics. Freedom Fighter, Doctor, comunist Lakshmik sehgal Passed Away Lakshmi sehgal, who is a close aid of Subhash Chandra bose was passed away on 23 July 2012. She was part of subhash chandra boses Indian national Army. she took role as head of the womens regiment of INA, which was called the Rani of Tansi regiment. She contested the Presidential election as a left parties candidate in 2002 and defeated by A.P.J Abdul Kalam. She was the principle member of ALL India Democratic Womens Association(AIDWA) Sally Ride, First US Woman to travel into Space, passed away Sally Ride, the first US woman to travel into space died in La Jolla, California on 23 July 2012. She was 61. She was suffering from pancreatic cancer.Ride set off for space in the US space shuttle Challenger in June 1983. Sally Ride was, however, not the first woman to travel into space, as Valentina Tereshkova of erstwhile USSR had visited space in June 1963. President Of Ghana , John Atta Mills Passed Away President of Ghana, John Atta Mills, who won international praise for a stable model democracy in Africa, he was passed away. He was a lawyers and taxation expert. John Dramani Mahama succeeded John Atta Mills, John Dramani Mahama sworn in as president of Ghana. Kuchipudi Guru Vempati Passed Away Renowned kuchipudi expert vempati chinna satyam , a dance guru of the stars, died at his home in Chennai on 29 July 2012. He was 83 and had been ailing for more than six months due to age related aliments.

80

D) Visitors
S.M.Krishna Visit to Tajikistan Giving a push to Indias connect central Asia policy external affairs minister S.M. Krishna visited the Tajik capital to hold talks with the resource rich countrys top leadership on bilateral issues on trade. Indian envoy in Tibet after 10 years The Indian envoy to china, s.Jaishankar , is on a rare visit to Tibet where he is touring mount kailash and Manasarovar. Hillary Clintons surprise visit to Afghanistan before conference US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrived in Kabul on 7 July 2012 on a previously unannounced visit. Clinton made the surprise visit a day before a key conference on the insurgency hit country to be held in Tokyo. Pak PM Visit To Saudi Arabia Pakistan Prime minister Raja parvez Ashraf on 15 July 2012 for a two day official visit to Saudi Arabia his first foreign trip since he assumed office in June. Hillary Clintons 13 day Visit To Asia Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state , visited Israel on 16 July as the last halt of her 13 -day long visit of eight Asian countries including Afghanistan, Japan ,Mongolia , Vietnam , Laos , Combodia, Egypt and Israel.

Singaporean prime minister,Lee Hsien Loong visited India


Singaporean Prime Minister,Lee Hsien Loong visited India on a three day trip in July 2012. Where India and Singapore signed three key bilateral agreements and a Memorandum of Understanding(MOU) on 11 July 2012, New Delhi.

E)Miscellaneous
Ice Land Prez Wins Record 5th Term Ice Lands President Olafur Rognar Frinsson is set for a record Fifth term in office with 100 percent of votes counted from 30 June poll , the socialist Grimmson won 52.78%. While his main rival Thora Arnors dottir came in second with 33.16 percent. Oldest Meteror Impact Crater Found Scientist has discovered a giant crater in green land , which they believe might be the result of a massive asteroid or comet impact 3 billion years ago, i.e the oldest known impact crater on earth. Philippine crocodile Is Largest In captivity Guinness world Records has declared , that a huge crocodile blamed for deadly attacks in the southern Philippines is the largest in captivity in the world. the giant reptile has ought pride, fear, tourism revenues and attention to the previously little -known town where it was captured last year. Guinness spokesman Anne-lise Rouse says the salt water crocodile nicknamed Lolong measured 20.24 feet and weighed more than a ton. Russia unveils worlds longest cable-stayed bridge Russia on 2 July 2012 unveiled the worlds longest cable-stayed bridge as it put the finishing touches on a troubled multi-billion investment aimed at revitalising the countrys

81

distant Far East.Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev opened the 1,104-metre (3,622-foot) link from Vladivostok to Russky Island. Europes Tallest Building To Open With Laser Slow Europes Tallest Building the Shard, officially unveiled on 5 July evening with a spectacular laser display performed to music by the Lon Philharmonic Orchestra.The Shard designed by Italian Architect Renzo Piano, is the tallest building in Britain at 310 meters (1.016 feet). It consists of 72 fully occupy-able floors and 15 extra levels of which six can be used and nine are just part of the design. Kazakhstan unveils Central Asias largest mosque The largest mosque in Central Asia has opened in Kazakhstan, just six months after the building was damaged in a fire during which a construction worker died.President Nursultan Nazarbayev attended the opening of the mosque in the capital, Astana, today timed to coincide with the 14th anniversary of the citys foundation. The mosque spans an area of 17,500 square metres, and is topped by a 51-metre central dome and eight smaller domes. Hillary Clinton sets record with 102 countries, 843,839 miles US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has broken all travel records by visiting more countries than any other U.S. Secretary of State did in the past. The former first lady completed an epic 13-day journey of 27,000 miles about 2,000 miles more than the circumference of the Earth through land over Europe to Asia and then doubling back to the Middle East. Since becoming secretary of state in 2009, Clinton has logged 351 days on the road, traveled to 102 countries and flown a whopping 843,839 miles, according to the State Department. Derek OBrain Became the First Anglo- Indian To Vote in Presidential Election Derek OBrain , the Rajya sabha MP from West Bengal became the first Anglo Indian to vote in Presidential elections in India. Brian, a trinamool congress MP, cast his vote in Kolkatta on 19 July 2012. Americas Oldest Store Shuts Down After 224 years Americas oldest general store, opened one year before George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States, has shut down after serving the community for 224 years. Grays Store in the small village of Adamsville in Rhode Island opened in 1788, selling penny candy, cigars and a small selection of groceries, as well as antiques and collectible knick-knacks.

PLACES IN NEWS
Chinas Highest Bridge Aizhai is the Worlds Highest Tunnel Bridge and the fourth suspension bridge in China to cross the valley so wide its seems to be connecting two mountain ranges, the first three were the Siduhe, Balinghe and Beipanjiang bridges of the worlds 400 or so highest bridges, non has a main span as long as Aizhai with a Tower to tower distance of 3,858 feet (1,176mtrs) Located deep in the heart of Chinas Hunan province near the city of Jishou. The suspension bridge is the largest structure on the Jishou to Chadong expressway with a deck 1, 102 feet above the Dettang Canyon 8.7 Earthquake Hit Indonesia Aceh Province An earthquake measuring 8.7 on Richter scale hit Indonesias Aceh province on 11 April 2012, which issued tsunami warning over 28 countries mild tremors were felt in all 28 countries. In Indian cities including Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore Andhra Pradesh and several other cities on the Eastern coast.No damage was occurred anywhere due to the

82

earthquake. Londons Tallest Tower Londons Tallest tower of 114.5 metre stands in the Olympic park in East London, Between the aquatic centre and the main Olympic stadium. The tower was designed by Mumbai born artist Anish Kapoor. The Mayor of London , Boris Johnson unveiled on 10 May 2012. The twisting tower was described by Kapoor as the Tower of Babel. The Italian Town Devasted By An Earth Quake Emilia Romanga strucks 5.8 earthquake at 4.am on 20 May,killing seven people and forcing 7,000 into temporary shelters.Then disaster struct once again on 29 May at 5.8 Magnitude earthquake shook the region at just after 9.am. 16 died,1400 people are homeless and 5 are missing in it. Strong 6.3Quake Strikes Off Vanuatu: USGS A strong 6.3 magnitude quake struck off the Pacific Island nation of Vanuatu on 6 July 2012, the US Geological survey said.The tremor hit about 358km northwest of the capital port vila at a depth of about 180km,USGS said. Flood in Southern Russia Flash floods in Russias southern Krasnodar region have killed at least 78 people and affected nearly 13,000 in the areas worst natural disaster in decades, officials said on 7 July 2012. Gelendzhik alone received five months worth of rain in 24 hours, a major blow to the resort at the height of the tourist season, the regional administration said. 5.8 earthquake In Afghanistan, Tremors Felt In Punjab, Kashmir A magnitude 5.8 earthquake struck northern India on Thursday evening. Tremors were felt in parts of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir reportedly. The epicentre of the quake was in Hindukush region.Press Trust of India (PTI) reported that the powerful earthquake also jolted parts of Punjab and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa provinces of Pakistan though there were no reports of casualties or damage to property. A 5.6 Magnitude Earthquake Stuck Off Indonesias Sumatra Island On June 4 5.6 Magnitude earth quake strikes Indonesias most populated western Java at a depth of 67 kilometers. Costa Rica Is The Happiest Place On Earth In the Economics Foundations Happy planet Index , cost Rica, The central American country was listed as worlds number one happiest place on earth. Costa Rica.means Rich coast,is a popular ecotourism destination known for its beautiful beaches ,rain forests and diverse plants and wildlife.The next happiest places are vietnam and colombia. CMs Office Gutted In Mantralaya fire A devastating fire in the Maharashtra government secretariat, including offices of the Chief Minister and the Deputy Chief Minister, on 21 June . left two persons dead and 16 injured and destroyed large number of files, raising questions on whether any sabotage was the cause.

ABBREVIATIONS
IIP- Index of Industrial Production

83

GSTN Goods & Services Tax Network EEPC Engineering Export Promotion Council. AFSPA Armed Force Special Powers Act. TDSAT Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal INCOIS- Indian Nation Centre for Ocean Inforamation Services ICBM- Inter Continental Ballistic Missile. NTCA National Tiger Conservation Authority AWACS- Airborne Warning And Control System

BOOKS IN NEWS
Book Released on Sachins Statistics A book was released featuring the statistical peak scaled by cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, who celebrated his 39 birthday on 24 April 2012 during his glorious international career. titled as Sachin A Hundred Hundreds book was introduced by former Indian Captain Rahul Dravid and foreword by the Tendulkar first coach cum mentor Ramakant Achrekar. The book is about every hundred, every peak scaled by Tendulkar and photos. adavs Biography Mulayam Singh Yadav Harbinger of Social Justice book was written by eminet author Sarah Booth which was released on 28 May 2012 in United Kingdom. canada by Richard ford Robert ford -Canada book was written by Robert ford which was released on 22 may 2012. A Book Released on L.K.Advani BJP National president Nitin Gadkari and Leader of opposition in Lok sabha Sushma swaraj released the book Those were the Day and then-The Life & Times of Lal Krishna Advani written by Mira Govind Advani(R) in New Delhi on June 12, 2012. APJ Abdul Kalams New Book Turning Points kalams sequel to his bestseller Wings of fire gives a picture of his uneasy relationship with UPA government from May 2004, till his term as president expired in July 2007. The book,published by Hapercollins is yet to be released .Turning points takes up the incredible kalam story from where wings of fire left off. It brings together details from his career and presidency that are generally kn own as he speaks for the first time on certain points of controversy. turning point:A Journey through challenges A Book on sachin Sachin : Born to Bat by veterian Journalist Khalid A-H Ansari and edited by clayton Murzello ia a unique ade to contemporary crickets finest batsman. This book is about sachin how he entered in to the cricket e.t.c.. Rahul Dravid: The Timeless Steel Legendary cricketer Rahul Dravid, together with Sanjay Manjrekar and Harsha Bhogle today launched a collection of stories about Dravids amazing playing and Test career in Mumbai. Titled Timeless Steel, the 256-page book portrays a cricketer who embodies

84

the finest tradition and values of the game. Disney Publishing has a long tradition of telling great stories and it is a pleasure to be launching this book on Rahul Dravid, together with ESPN cricinfo. Timeless Steel, is a celebration of a truly gifted cricketer and an Indian legend of sport, said Roshini Bakshi, A Book on P.V.Narsimha Rao Contrary to the claims of veteran journalist Kuldeep Nayar in his soon-to-be published book Beyond The Lines, Kunal,who was the Officer on Special Duty (OSD) to the Union Home Ministry on the Ayodhya issue, said, the factual position is that Rao was neither worshiping nor sleeping at the time of demolition of the Babri Mosque on the fateful day. A Book On Saina Nehwals Inspirational Story Saina Nehwals phenomenal success as an international badminton player is one of the most inspiring stories of Indian sports. Author TS Sudhirs book, Saina Nehwal: An Inspirational Biography, is an account of her rise as a champion with the selfless support of her. parents Dr Harvir Singh, an agricultural scientist, and Usha Rani and the dedication of her coaches. Book Written By Shashi Tharoor Released Chief Minister Oommen Chandy released Pax Indica: India and the World of the 21st Century, the new book by Shashi Tharoor. Tharoor, a former UN diplomat, was speaking after the release of his 13th book Pax Indica: India and the World of the 21st Century which deals with Indias foreign policies and the countrys role in the multi-aligned 21st century world.This book was released on 16 July 2012.

COMMITTEES IN NEWS
Sub-Committee Suggested Creation Of A National Funds For UTP A Government sub-committee was set up to look into probable sources of funds for Urban Transport Projects (UTP) in the 12th plan recommended creation of a national fund, resources for which can be generated through taxes on vehicles& petrol consumption. The sub -committee on financing Urban Infrastructure in the 12th plan report suggested investments to the tune of Rs. 87,000crore in the five year plan duration. Defense Minister Set Up 3 Committees to Accelerate BIP The Defense Ministry in its meeting on 17 April 2012, decided to set up three new committees to procurements and Border Infrastructure Projects( BIP). The meeting was chaired by Defense Minister A.K.Antony. The committee was also set up to decide a whether the Army will get combat aviation assets, and to expedite infrastructure development in the Northern region that has borders with both China and Pakistan. Competition Commission Of India, Constituted Eminet Persons Advisory Group The competition commission of India (CCI) formed an Eminet Persons Advisory Group (EPAG) on 7 May 2012. The group is constituted to provide CCI inputs and advise on issues impacting markets and competition, among others. The group comprise Infosys founder N.R.Nayanan Murthy former comptroller and Auditor General V.N Kawl, Former Deputy Governor of Reserve Bank of India Rakesh Mohan, Biocon Chairman and M.S Kran Mazumdar- shaw, former Directorof IIM-Amedhabad Bakul Dholaka, formerchairman of CEFC S.L.Ro, former vice chancellor of NLSIU- Bangalore N.L Mitra . Thee group will hold its maiden meeting on July 2012 The group will have interaction/ meeting with the commission two to three times a year.

85

Seven Members Committe To Look After Deplorable Conditions Of Widows The Supreme Court on 9 May 2012 set up a seven member committee to look into the deplorable conditions of widows destitutes living in Vrindavan and set an eight week dead line to complete the report. The committe headed by the chairman of the Mathura District Legal Services Authority and will prepare a list of the widows with their names , age and reasons for being in Vrindavan in Uttarpradesh. Committee Formed By Delhi Government To Promote Welfare Of DTC Workers A committee was formed by Delhi Government on 18 May 2012 under the chairman ship of principal secretary of the Finance Department to promote the welfare of Delhi Transport Corp(DTC) workers. The objective of forming the committee is to ensure participation of DTC workers in Delhi Transport Cooporation management . The decision toform the committe was announced by Delhi Chief minister in a meeting. No Alternatives To dredging ram Sethu : Panchuripanel The PM appointed R.K.Panchauri Expert committee on 2 July 2012 said the alternative route for sethu samudram shipping channel, suggest by the supreme court to avoid damage to Ram sethu. Which still has mythological significance to a large section of Indians, was both economically and ecologically unviable. Cartoonists outraged By Throat Panels Suggestion to Remove cartoons from NCERT text Books A six Member committee called throat committee has been appointed by kapil sibal to analyse the cartoons in NCERT text books. The throat committees report has come critical for recommending the removal of many Government related cartoons. Cartoonists have been left outraged at they recommended removal of their works from NCERT text books. The S.K. Throat committees suggestions on the removal of the cartoons is nothing but a reflection of the growing intolerance among the countrys political class, the cartoonists says . These works have been deemed Educationally in appropriate for school students. Kris Gopalakrishna To Head Govts Cloud Computing Panel The Government has set up a committee to recommended the framework for cloud computing services under the chairmanship of Infosys executive co-chairman, Mr Kris Gopalakrishna. The committee has been set up following instructions from the IT and telecom Minister Kapil Sibal . Indian Computer emergency Response Teams Director, Mr Gulshan Rai, also member of the committee. PM Panel To Take The Bite Out Of GAAR In a bid to bring great clarity on GAAR (General Anti- Avoiding Rules) and prepare its implementation, prime minister. constituted an expert committee to prepare and finalize guidelines for the hitherto controversial tax provision. The PM has approved the constitution of an expert committee on GAAR to undertake stake holder guidelines for GAAR. This committee would manage the consultation process and finalize the draft GAAR Guidelines. Panel set up to look into pay- related issues defence personnel Nearly a forth night after the new army chief , General Bikram singh, listed welfare of Ex. servicemen and war widows as his to priority, the government on 13 July 2012 announced the setting up a 5-member committee, to be headed by cabinet secretary Ajit seth, to look into pay and pension related issues of defense services personnel and exservicemen.

IAC

International AIDS conference

86

DMSS CII PNGRB IIA UNEP CITU

Durban mahila Samnway Samiti Confederation of Indian Industry The petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board Indian Institute of Astrophysics United nations for conservation of Nature Centre of Indian Trade Union

INCACBI Indian Campaign for the Academic & Cultural Boycott of Israel ESI WEP UEFA TFR GAAR NABARD FAO MNREGS DMU ISS PCPNDT ECBs NCERT ICRISAT NAC TDSAT NBFC IFC DICCI CCIL FCCB CBFC FICCI ECOWAS IIP WADA FBI EGoM FDI UNCTAD CBDT CCMB UEFA SSTCG Environmental sustainability Index World Food Prize Union of European Foot ball Association Total Fertility Rate General Anti Avoidance Rules National Bank for Agricultural And Rural Development Food and Agricultural Organization Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme Delivery Monitoring Unit International Space Station Preconception Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques External Commercial Borrowings National council of Educational Research and Training International Crop Research Institute for semi- arid Tropics National Advisory Council Telecom Dispute Settlement and Appellate Tribunal Non Banking finance Company International Finance Corporation Dalit Indian Chamber Of Commerce and Industry Clearing Corporation of India Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds Central Board of Excise and Customs Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry Economic Community and West Africa States Index of Industrial Production World Anti Doping Agency FEderal Bureau of Investigation Empowered Group ofMinister Foreign Direct Investment United Nations Conference on Trade and Development Central Board of Direct Taxes Cellular and Molecular Biology Union of European Foot Ball Association Strategic Security Technology Coordination Group

87