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A REPORT ON PRACTICAL TRAINING 01/07/2012 TO 31/07/2012

TAKEN AT

ESCORTS, FARIDABAD(UP)

FARMTRAC TRACTORS

DEGREE: B.Tech.(MECHANICAL)

SUBMITTED TO: HEAD OF DEPARTMENT YEAR(MECH. ENGG)

SUBMITTED BY: B.Tech FINAL

DEPARTMENT OF MECHAICAL ENGINEERING GLOBAL INSTITUTE OF TEHNOLOGY, JAIPUR(RAJ.)

PREFACE
At very outset of the prologue it becomes imperative to insist that vocational training is an integral part of engineering curriculum. Training allows us to gain an insight into the practical aspects of the various topics, with which we come across while pursuing our B.Tech i.e. vocational training gives us practical implementation of various topics we already have learned and will learn in near future. Vocational training always emphasizes on logic and commonsense instead of theoretical aspects of subject.

On my part, I pursued four weeks training at Farmtrac Tractors, Fridabad. The training involved a study of various departments of the organization as per the time logically scheduled and well planned given to us.

The rotation in various departments was necessary in order to get an overall idea about the working of the organization.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We are highly thankful to F a r m t r a c T r a c t o r s engineers and technical staff for providing us vital and valuable information about the different facets of an industrial management system. We express our gratitude to all the staff for their valuable guidance and encouragement throughout my training period. I am also very thankful to the shop supervisors and workers for being kind and give helping hand in gaining the knowledge.

HISTORY

The genesis of Escorts goes back to 1944 when two brothers, Mr. H. P. Nanda and Mr. Yudi Nanda, launched a small agency house, Escorts Agents Ltd. in Lahore. Over the years, Escorts has surged ahead and evolved into one of India's largest conglomerates. In this journey of six decades, Escorts has had the privilege of being associated with some of the world leaders in the engineering manufacturing space like Minneapolis Moline, Massey Ferguson, Goetze, Mahle, URSUS, CEKOP, Ford Motor Company, J C Bamford Excavators, Yamaha, Claas, Carraro, Lucky Goldstar, First Pacific Company, Hughes Communications, Jeumont Schneider, Dynapac . These valued relationships be it technological or marketing, are our highly cherished experiences treasures, which have helped us inculcate best in class manufacturing practices and to emerge as a technologically independent world class engineering organization.

INTRODUCTION

The Escorts Group, is among India's leading engineering conglomerates operating in the high growth sectors of agri-machinery, construction & material handling equipment, railway equipment and auto components. Having pioneered farm mechanization in the country, Escorts has played a pivotal role in the agricultural growth of India for over five decades. One of the leading tractor manufacturers of the country, Escorts offers a comprehensive range of tractors, more than 45 variants starting from 25 to 80 HP. Escort, Farmtrac and Powertrac are the widely accepted and preferred brands of tractors from the house of Escorts. A leading material handling and construction equipment manufacturer, we manufacture and market a diverse range of equipment like cranes, loaders, vibratory rollers and forklifts. Escorts today is the world's largest Pick 'n' Carry Hydraulic Mobile Crane manufacturer.

POWERTRAC& FARMTRAC

Powertrac series from Escorts Ltd. has been engineered with the use of the most modern technology to redefine power and performance. The series has a wide range of tractors with powerful engines and pollution norms. Powertrac series comprises of tractors with transmission choices, powerful PTO, advance hydraulics and ergonomic design besides other salient features

BACKGROUND

In 1960, Escorts set up the strategic Agri Machinery Group (AMG) to venture into tractors. In 1965, we rolled out our first batch of tractors under the brand name of Escort. In 1969 a separate company, Escorts Tractors Ltd., was established with equity participation of Ford Motor Co., Basildon, UK for the manufacture of Ford agricultural tractors in India. In the year 1996 Escorts Tractors Ltd. formally merged with the parent company, Escorts Ltd. Since inception, ESCORTS have manufactured over 1 million tractors

LAUNCH OF ESCORTS

1944 - Launch of Escorts (Agents) Ltd. 1948 - Pioneered farm mechanization in the country by launching Escorts Agricultural Machines Limited, with a franchise from the U.S.based Minneapolis Moline, for marketing tractors, implements, engines & other farm equipment. Launch of Escorts (Agriculture and Machines) Ltd. 1949 - Franchise of Massey Ferguson tractors for northern India 1951 - Escorts established Indias first private Institute of Farm Mechanisation at Delhi. 1953 -Escorts (Agents) Ltd. and Escorts (Agriculture and Machines) Ltd. merged to form Escorts Agents Pvt. Ltd. 1954 - 1st industrial venture of Escorts to manufacture piston rings in collaboration with Goetze of Germany, in an era when joint ventures of Indian firms with foreign companies were virtually unheard of. 1958 - Started importing Massey Ferguson tractors from Yugoslavia for marketing the same in India. 1959 - Collaboration with Mahle of Germany to manufacture pistons. Soon, Escorts became the largest producer of piston assemblies in India. 1960 - Set up of Escorts Limited

1961- Setting up of manufacturing base at Faridabad for manufacture of tractors in collaboration with URSUS of Poland and 50%\ indigenous components. Launch of Escort brand of tractors. Collaboration with CEKOP of Poland for manufacture of motorcycles anscooters. Escorts moves into high gear by nurturing the two wheeler culture. The first Rajdoot motorcycle rolls off the assembly line. 1969 - Escorts Tractors Limited was born. A technical and financial joint venture with the global giant Ford Motor Company, USA, Ford tractors in India. The years ahead saw Escorts grow as the largest tractor manufacturer in India. Escorts Institute of Farm Mechanisation (EIFM) established at Bangalore. Escorts Employees Ancillaries Ltd. (EEAL), a unique venture in industrial democracy comes into being. 1971 - 1st February, the first tractor FORD 3000 rolled out of the factory. Escorts diversifies and starts manufacturing construction equipment. 1974 - Crossing national boundaries, Escorts exports for the first time. After winning a global tender, 400 tractors were exported to Afghanistan, which was perhaps the world's largest ever airlift of tractors. 1976 - FORD 3600, an advancement in Farm Mechanisation launched. Trial production of in-plant manufacturing of engine parts (Block & Head). 1977 - Escorts enters the world of self-developed technology by setting up its first independent R&D Center. Escorts Scientific Research Centre marked its beginning at Faridabad by developing its own Engines for E-27 and E-37. Due to constant technology absorption, indigenisation level

touched 72% for FORD tractors. 2nd plant at Bangalore for manufacturing piston assemblies was set up. 1979 - Collaboration with JCB Excavators Ltd., UK for manufacture of excavators. 1980 - Foray into healthcare, Escorts Hospital and Research Center set up in Faridabad.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Mr. Rajan Nanda Chairman Mr. Nikhil Nanda Joint Managing Director Mr. Rohtash Mal ED & CEO Agri Machinery Group Mr. Kanwal Kishore Vij ED & CEO Escorts Construction Equipment Limited (ECEL) Mr. Vikram Singhal ED & Business Head Engineering Division Mr. G.B. Mathur EVP Law & Company Secretary Mr. O K Balraj EVP & Group CFO Mr. Ishan Mehta EVP HR & ER