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Sesame oil (also known as gingelly oil or til oil) is an edible vegetable oil derived from sesame. Besides being used as a cooking oil in South Indian, it is often used as a flavor enhancer in Chinese, Japaent , Korean, and to a lesser extent Southeast Asian cuisine. The oil alternative medicine from traditional massages and treatments to modern day fads. Ancient Indian medical system perceives sesame oil to pacify stress related symptoms and on-going research indicates that the rich presence of anti-oxidants and poly-unsaturated fats in sesame oil could help in controlling blood pressure. sesame was cultivated during the Indus valley civilization and was the main oil crop. It was probably exported to Mesopotamia around 2500 BCE and was known in

Akkadian and Sumerian as ellu. Sesame seeds were one of the first crops processed for oil as well as one of the earliest condiments. In fact, the word enne/enna/ennai that means oil in many Dravidian languages including Kannada, Malayalam and Tamil has its roots in the Dravidian words eL and nei which mean sesame and fat respectively. Also the Hindi word Tel for oil is also derived from sesame oil (from Sanskrit Taila which means obtained from Tila sesame) prior to 600 BC, the Assyrians used sesame oil as a food, salve, and medication, primarily by the rich, as the difficulty of obtaining it made it expensive. Hindus used it in votive lamps and considered the oil sacred.

NOMENCLATURE In the Tamil language of India, sesame oil is called Nalla Ennai and in Malayalam language its called Nalla Enna, both literally translated in English to Good oil. In the Telugu language of India, sesame oil is called Nuvvulu Noone (Nuvvulu means sesame and Noone means oil) or Manchi Noone(Manchi means goods and Noone means oilo).

In the kannada language of India, sesame oil is called Yellenne (from Yellu for sesame) and Ollenne meaning good oil. It is also called as Gingelly oil in India. In Marathi it is called Teel Tel. In Sri Lanka Sinhalese called it Thala thel.

NEI itself means oil in tamil (common name for any type of oil). Since this oil is made from ELLU, it is also called ELLU NEI. In short ELNEL. In Bengali it is Teel Tel.


The extraction of sesame oil from the sesame seed is not a completely automated process. In the fairy tale Ali Baba and the forty Thieves the sesame fruit serves as a symbol for wealth. When the fruit capsule opens, it releases a real treasure: the sesame seeds. However, a great deal of manual work is necessary before this point is reached. That is why sesame is hardly ever cultivated in Western industrialized agricultural areas.

The sesame seeds are protected by a capsule, which does not burst open until the seeds are completely ripe. The ripening time tends to vary. For this reason, the farmers cut plants by hand and place them together in upright position to carry on ripening for a few days. The seeds are only Shaken out onto a cloth after all the capsules have opened.

The discovery of an indehiscent (nonshattering) mutant by Langham in 1943 began the work towards development of a high yielding, shatter-resistant variety. Although researchers have made significant progress in sesame breeding, harvest losses due to shattering continue to limit domestic US production.


As of 2007, sesame is being imported into the US at a price of US$0.43/Ib. This relatively high price reflects a worldwide shortage. Though the market for sesame seed is strong, domestic US production awaits the development of high-yielding non shattering varieties. It is advisable to establish a market before planting.


There are many variations in the colour of sesame oil: cold-pressed sesame oil is pale yellow, while Indian sesame oil (gingelly or til oil) is golden, and East Asian sesame oils are commonly a drak brown colour. This dark colour and flavor are derived from roasted/toasted sesame seeds. Cold pressed sesame oil has a different flavor than the toasted oil, since it produced directly from raw, rather than toasted seeds.

Sesame oil is traded in any of the forms described above:cold-pressed sesame oil is available in western helath shops. Unroasted (but not necessarily cold pressed) sesame oil is commonly used for cooking in the Middle East and can often be found in helal markets. In east Asian countries, different kinds of hot-pressed sesame oil are preferred.


Despite sesame oils high proportion (41%) of polyunsaturated (Omega-6) fatty acids, it is least prone, among cooking oils with high smoke points, to turn rancid when kept in the open. This is due to the natural antioxidants present in the oil.

Light sesame oil has a high smoke point and is suitable for deep-frying, while dark sesame oil (from roasted sesame seeds) has a slightly lower smoke point and is unsuitable for deep-frying. Instead it can be used for the stir frying of meats of vegetables, or for the making of an omeletee. East Asian cuisines often use roasted sesame oil for seasoning.

The Chinese use sesame oil in the preparation of meals for women during postpartum confinement.

Sesame oil is most popular in Asia, especially in Korea, China and the South Indian states of Karnataka, coastal Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, where its widespread use is similar to that of olive in the Mediterranean.


Sesame oil is reputed to penetrate the skin easily and is used in India for oil massage. In Maharashtra, Sesame oil (Teel Tel)is specially used for massaging the foot. It is also used for hair and scalp massage. Sesame oil is used in the manufacture of Ayurvedic drugs.

In Hinduism, sesame or till oil is used deepa or oil lamps kept in front of shrines for the Deities. Sesame oil is used for performing puja in Hindu temples. Also, particularly in South

India, sesame oil is applied to the stone Deities in the temples shrines. It is only used on Deities made of black granite.

INDUSTRIAL USES In industry, sesame oil may be used as A solvent in injected drugs or intravenous drip solutions, A cosmetics carrier oil, Coating stored grains to prevent weevil attacks. The oil also has synergy with some insecticides. Low grade oil is used locally in soaps, paints, Lubricants, and illuminants.


Sesame oil is a source vitamin E. Vitamin E is an anti oxidant and has been correlated with lowering cholesterol levels. As with most plant based condiments, sesame oil contains magnesium, copper, calcium, iron, zinc, and vitamin B6. Copper provides relief for rheumatoid arthritis. Magnesium supports vascular and respiratory health. Calcium helps prevent colon cancer, osteoporosis, migraine, and PMS. Zinc promotes bone health.

Besides being rich in Vitamin E, there is insufficient research on the medicinal properties of sesame oil. However, the following claims have been made.

BLOOD PRESSURE Sesame oil has a high percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-6 fatty acids) but it is unique in that it keeps at room temperature. This is because it contains two naturally occurring preservatives, sesamol and sesamin. (Normally, only oils predominately composed of the omega -9 monounsaturated oil, like olive oil, keep at room temperature.) It has been suggested that due to the presence of high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in sesame oil, it may help to control blood pressure. It could be used in cooking in place of other edible oils and to help reduce high blood pressure and lower the amount of medication needed to control hypertension. The effect of the oil on blood pressure may be due to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and the compound sesamin, a lignan present in sesame oil. There is evidence suggesting that both compounds reduce blood pressure in hypertensive rats. Sesame lignans also inhibit the synthesis and absorption of cholesterol in these rats. OIL PULLING Sesame oil is one of the few oils recommended for use in oil pulling. STRESS AMD TENSION Various constituents present in the sesame oil have anti-oxidant and anti-depressant properties. Therefore proponents encourage its use to help fight senile changes and bring about a sense of well- being. Adherents for its the rapeutic use reports claims of feeling better than when not using it


GENERAL CLAIMS While not approved by the US Food and Drug Admininstration, sesame oil is reputed to have a number of therapeutic uses. It is suggested that regular topical application and/or consumption of sesame oil should mitigate effects of anxiety, nerve and bone disorders, poor circulation, lowered immunity and bowel problems. It is suggested such use would also relive lethargy, fatigue, and insomnia, while promoting strength and vitality, enhancing blood circulation. There are claims that its use has relaxing properties which eases pain and muscle spasm, such as sciatica, dysmenorrhoea, colic, backache, and joint pain. Sesame oil when used in infant massage, it is claimed, helps to calm babies and lull them to sleep and improves growth of the brain and the nervous system. There are claims similar to other therapeutic medicines, that its having antioxidants explains beliefs that is slows the aging process and promotes longevity. A 2000 medical study showed that infant massage with sesame oil improved the weight, length, and midarm and midleg circumferences of infants at a statistically more favorable rate than all other oils tested. It is suggested that sesame oil, when consumed and/or topically applied, should relive dryness both externally and internally. Sesame oil is sometimes recommended to alleviate the dryness associated with menopause. It is believed that its use restores moisture to the skin, keeping it soft, flexible and young looking. It is suggested that it relieves dryness of joints and bowels, and eases symptoms of dryness such as irritating coughs, cracking joints, and hard


stools. Since dryness of joints is not a medically classifiable conditions, it would be difficult to medically comprehend or verify these claims of panacea. Other uses include as a laxative, as a remedy for toothaches for toothaches and gum disease and in the treatment of blurred vision, dizziness, and headaches. It is suggested that sesame oil could be used in the treatment of dry nose, reduction of cholesterol levels (due to presence of lignans which are phytoestrogens) anti- bacterial effects, and even slowing down certain types of cancer (due to the anti-oxidant properties of the lignans).

ADVERSE EFFECTS Because of its laxative effects, sesame oil should not be used by people who have diarrhea. No more than 10% of a persons total caloric intake should be derived from polyunsaturated fats such as those found in sesame oil, according to the American Heart Association. Oil massage should be avoided immediately after administering enemas, emetics or purgatives, during the first stages of fever or if suffering from indigestion.

There appears to be cross-reactivity between sesame allergens and peanut, rye, kiwi, poppy seed, and various treenuts (such as hazelnut, black walnut, cashew, macadamia and pistachio.) Allergy to peanuts in one of the most common allergies, and in rare cases, can lead to anaphylactic shock which can be fatal. Although the prevalence of sesame allergy in US in low relative to peanut allergy, the severity of sesame allergy should not be underestimated.





V.V.V.RAJENDRAN Founder Idhayam Group Mr.V.V.Vanniaperumal has an exemplary track record in the business world of tamilnadu,south india,since 1943. He had three illustrious sons who built up the bcsiness empire in edible sesame oil as tradional family business. their business base was constructed in business town-virudhunagar, 30 Kms from madurai airport.

Mr.V.V.V.Rajendran, son of Mr.V.V.Vanniaperumal was the founder of the Idhayam Group in the year 1986. He, with an experiance of more than 43 years launched sesame oil in a new consumer packing in the brand name IDHAYAM. Mr.V.V.V.Rajendran passed away in the year 1994 at the age of 65.


Being the oldest son, Mr.V.R.Muthu, led his brothers. Mr.R.Sathyam and Mr.R.Thendral to bring the business to greater heights. Under his Leadership, the company moved towards automation in production and packing, and increased domestric as well as expert sales.


Like learning, there is no end to growth in business is enthusiasm. It is performance, achievement and satisfaction. IDHAYAM oil has lit the lamp of prosperity and health in millions of homes. That, I consider a blessing.

Company Name:


Mr.V.R.Muthu, (Chief Executive Manager) Mr.V.R.Sathyam, (Production Executive Manager) Mr.V.R.Thendral, (Diversification Manager) Plant:


Virudhunagar, Villipathirii, Varalotti.

Product Name
o Gingili oil, o Delite, o Sim sim, o Sambandhi, o Dots, o Tahini, o Idhayam wealth, o Idhayam mantra, o Idhayam Hardil. o Vanga

Raw material
Red seeds, seeds, Black seeds, Palm Jiggery, Steam & Groundnut seeds for mantra.


1986 - IDHAYAM 1992 - SAMBANDHI (Sesame Seeds) 1996 - DELIT 2001 - DOTS 2004 - SIMSIM (Sesame oil) 2005 - I-D-H-A-Y-A-M TAHINI 2005 - IDHAYAM WEALTH 2006 - IDHAYAM MANTRA 2006 - IDHAYAM HARDIL (Mustard oil) 2009 - IDHAYAM VANGA


Main office
V.V.V. & Sons Edible oils ltd, 443, Bazaar Road, Virudhunagar-626001. Certificate: ISO9001:2000 Certificate TUVCERT in 2005 website:


IDHAYAM name gets its origin from HRIDAY a sanakrit word, which means HEART.

The high unsaturation of sesame oil, due to the presence of almost equal levels of oleic and Linoleic acid along with the natural antioxidant compounds render many favourable healths attributes viz., hypocholesterolemic and cardiac friendly heart friendly. Thus, the name IDHAYAM.


Since the day one IDHAYAM has been provided as a high quality, unrefined sesame oil and that retains the Natural Goodness and flavor of its source.

In the year 2005, the company has been accredited ISO 9001 : 2000 certificate by TUV CERT certification Body.

Never compromising on its premium raw materials, the specially, carefully selected sesame seeds are mechanically cleaned. palm jaggery, which has the properties of a preservative, is used in the production of IDHAYAM sesame oil. The company packs and trades sesame oil under three brand names IDHAYAM, DELIT and SIM SIM.

Selling 15000 tons annually, the company is placed as the leader in sesame oil industry in India.

To be a leading and respected company in providing high quality edible oils with worldwide visibility.


Dedicated to deliver premium quality sesame oil through continuous improvement in quality with an uncompromised level of service, Investment in process technology,


innovative packing, human resources and frequent update of R & D, striving to achieve worldwide recognition as a leading supplier in the industry.


Company is constantly doing research and development to provide customers with high quality, innovative products.

In 1992, cleaned sesame seeds pack and marketed under the brand name SAMBANDHI.

In 2001, the company lanched wide varieties of appalam (papped) under the brand name DOTS in different flavors. Appalam is a popular dish of South Indians.

In 2005, keeping the calcium content of sesame seeds in mind, the company has innovated anew product, sweet-coated sesame seeds. This is brought into the market under the brand name- TAHINI. TAHINI caters to the need of calcium among women and children. In 2005, the company innovated a health care product for oil pulling under the brand name IDHAYAM WEALTH. Ayurveda recommends the process GARGLING WITH SESAME OIL , which increases immunity and prevents our body from many major diseases.


In 2006, the company started manufacture of peanut oil, a deep frying medium and marketed under the brand name IDHAYAM MANTRA. The company launched its new product, IDHAYAM HARDIL mustard oil for northern states of india. These oils not only enhance the flavor of any dish, they make cooking more delightful and enjoyable.


To get first hand basic knowledge about the functioning of the business organization. To become familiar with the factory environment. To understand the need for effective management through keen observation. To make a qualitative comparison between theory and practice. To cleanly observe the performance of the workers and executions


The research investigation is confined to a limited sample size. The research is restricted to the employees of The idhayam olis only. Prejudice/bias/reticence of the respondents.

Time and resource constraints .







Idhayam sesame oil


Idhayam Vanga refined sesame oil Idhayam Mantra peanut oil Idhayam hardil (Mustard oil) Idhayam sambandhi Idhayam tahini Idhayam wealth Idhayam dots Papad Oil Cake




Mr.Ashokan holds the senior officer post in purchase department. Quality sesame seeds are not available throughout the year. In order to maintain quality, good sesame seeds are carefully sourced from different states during seasons in India. The quality sesame seeds are acquired from various states such as Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Madhya Pradesh etc. Mainly in Gujarat, the high quality sesame seeds are cropped . The sesame seeds is available in different colors like black, white, green, red and rarely yellow. All the different type of sesame has the different taste so that right quantity and quality of seeds are acquired to maintain the quality of oil taste. They collect only high quality of sesame from the different areas so that they can maintain the good quality of sesame oil. PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT Mr. Mohan Rathinam holding the chief position in production unit he is the managing director of the Idhayam manufacturing unit.Idhayam Company is having two major production units. That is the factory at Virudhunagar and villipathiri. The company produce 36 tonnes per day in these two units.


Collecting seeds Cleaning the seeds Crushing with palm jaggery Oil filtering Packing the oil RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT Research and Development done by various instruments to check out the quality of the oil and various researchers has been done in sesame cake, oil cake, chocolate, juice, and biscuit in the manufacturing sector they are undergone some of the researchers like groundnut butter, roasted nut.

Instruments used in R&D

Sock lets apparatus Inferred moisture balance Tinto meter Electronic scale .001 mill error Hot air oven Hot plate Magnetized sterol Micro-bi FFA test


Oil pulling test

Mr.Chandramohan is in the chief position in marketing department. The goal is formulated according to the population and the suppliers. Marketing research is done in all cities and villagers.

Media used for advertisement

Media plays a powerful role in advertising the product. Idhayam has given advertisement in the following Medias. Television Radio FM Weekly magazines Ananda vilatan, kumudam Newspaper Malayalamanorama (Kerala) Health + Taste have been the positioning of Idhayam for years now.

Advertising agency
Lekha productions, Chennai is the advertising agency for advertising idhayam products.


Mrs.Vanmathi is holding the chief position in finance Department. Here finance manager deals with the collection of day to day activity as the raw material, overheads, and wages. They will analyses these items and allocate the management according to their requirements. And the growth is made up to 20% Mr. Birla Raj Is holding the junior manager position i.e. macro level working capital. He is maintaining the company profit and loss account ant the balance sheet of the yearly stock, ledger, bills payments. The goods are delivered through credit policy. The profit and loss account is arrived at every year. If there is any huge increase in the prices of Raw materials, they are not considering the profit of the company and instead they increase the sales volume so as to mitigate the Raw materials price increase. The finance department is like a life blood of every organization. All the activities have to be performed by using the funds only. For those activities, this department only allocates the funds to each and every department. HUMAN RESOURCE DEPARTMENT Human resource is a term used to describe the individuals who makes up the workforce of an organisation, although it is also applied in labour economics. In the organization, it looks all the working people are well experienced. In the factory, especially in the packing are, mostly the ladies are getting the major part of working.


a) In organisation The minimum salary paid is 4000 per month, The maximum salary paid is 35,000 per month,

b) In factory, The minimum salary paid is 6000 per month, The maximum salary paid is 35,000 per month, The bonus 25% from the salary will be given to all the working staffs for yearly once.




SWOT Analysis Strength

IDHAYAM has a strong brand name. Qualified and dedicated workers in the organisation. IDHAYAM has a good reputation among the customers. That means the product is used by 1.5 million house wives all over the world. Quality of products the products of idhayam possesses high quality. And it is an ISO 9001:2000 certified company. Innovative product range they have wide varieties of products.

Not being able to meet the demand due to the non-availability of labour. Wastage 7% of oil left in the oil cake and is not extracted.

Groundnut oil is more widely used than sesame oil; there is potential for groundnut oil market to grow bigger than the sesame oil more people use groundnut oil in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Oil pulling concept- IDHAYAM wealth is an easy to procure and use, sesame oil sachet of 10ml specially made for oil pulling. Oil pulling using sesame oil would help control diabetes, asthma, blood pressure, etc. And would induce peaceful sleep at night.


Government intervention in the pricing of the product. Rural employment guarantee scheme of the government will make the labour bill high. It will be cheaper to import edible oil from Indonesia and Malaysia rather than producing in India.




There was no looking back ever since the triumphant trio assumed charge and the company is now a name to reckon with the cooking oil industry in India. One of the leading players in the industry, Idhayam provides superior standard filtered sesame oil and peanut/groundnut oil, which doesn't undergo refining process The product they are producing only for the customers satisfaction and quality. They do their best in their distribution even in the foreign countries. Their way of advertisement makes the customers to buy the product immediately. The idhayam company is ranking in world class through their way of attracting customer and the marketing channels and good feedback. Groundnut oil is more widely used than sesame oil; there is potential for groundnut oil market to grow bigger than the sesame oil more people use groundnut oil in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Oil pulling concept- IDHAYAM wealth is an easy to procure and use, sesame oil sachet of 10ml specially made for oil pulling. Oil pulling using sesame oil would help control diabetes, asthma, blood pressure, etc. and would induce peaceful sleep at night.





Provide suggestion boxes to invite suggestions and feedback Provide lunch in the offices and not only in the factory Monthly meeting can be held for the betterments of the company and the employees. It can be discussed based on the projection, rejection and the sales of the company. Online marketing can be accomplished for the welfare of the foreign customers. To provide incentives to the existing employees to retain them and also to get additional labor to meet the demand.




The organisation study of V.V.V & Sons edible oil Ltd has really enabled me to understand the organisational structure of the corporate world to an extent, the ways & means of functionality. V.V.V & Sons edible oil Ltd is one of the leading industries in the manufacturing of edible oil. It was found during the study that it is indeed a healthy organisation with a lot of well unique functions & a good number of people working in it. There is a well established organisational structure with the top level management, the middle level management and the bottom level. Being a large industry, the department is so well differentiated being managed by different manager, although there are many departments, the middle level management and the bottom level. Idhayam group introduced good labour welfare facilities which care for the needs of workers and consequently increases the love and affiliation of the workers toward the organisation. The success of any organisation lies in the commitment of employees and workers. The organisation has got a team of good employee who help the organisation to always work towards success.