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Year: 01 Issue: 02 Month: March 2012

Smart Controllers Workshop Faculty Achievements & Development Students Field Visits Paper Presentations Technical Article 1 2 2 3 4

Inauguration Function of Two Day Workshop on Smart Controllers

Mr. Rainer Schueler, GM, R&D, Siemens India Limited, lighting the lamp. Also seen Dr. V.N.Shet, Head E&E Department, GEC and Mr. R.H. Kannaver, Proprietor, Smart Systems

The Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Goa College of Engineering organized a two day workshop on Smart Controllers on 20th and 21st Jan 2012 under the Chairmanship of Dr. V.N.Shet, Head, E&E Department. The workshop was co-ordinated by Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar, Selection Grade Lecturer, E&E Department. The workshop was attended by 80 participants, which included students, faculty from various colleges and Industry professionals. The inaugural function was graced by Mr. Rainer Schueler, General Manager, Siemens India Limited as the chief guest and Mr. R.H. Kannaver, Proprietor, Smart Systems Limited as the Guest of Honour. Our T.E. (E&E) students Ms. Fleur Dias and Mr. Kalpeet Nadkarni compeered the inaugural function. The inaugural function started with the invocation song by Ms. Siddhi Naik (T.E. E&E). Dr. V.N. Shet welcomed the dignitaries and the participants. This was followed by a brief introduction of the workshop by Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar. Mr R.H. Kannaver briefed the audience about industrial applications of embedded systems. Mr. Rainer Schueler explained the meaning of smart from industry perspective. This was followed by lighting of traditional lamp by the dignitaries. Professor Sonali Pandit proposed the vote of thanks for the inaugural function. The first technical session on day one Application of Power Electronics was conducted by Dr. V. N. Shet. This was followed by technical session on Microcontrollers for Embedded Systems by Dr. UdayKumar Wali, Propreitor, CQuad Computers, Belgaum. Prof Sangeeta Mahaddalkar delivered the third technical session on Introduction to Smart Controllers. On day two, the first technical session Fuzzy Controllers was conducted by Prof Anant Naik, Research Scholar, NITK, Surathkal. Mr. Anil Raikar delivered a technical Session on Electrical Power and Embedded Systems. This was followed by sessions on Simulation Tools by Prof Suneeta Raykar, Simulation Tools for Embedded System Design by Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar and Design of a Controller using VLSI by Prof. Sonali Pandit.

Field Visit to Apollo Victor Hospital

Audiometry Testing by Various Types of lights Mangurish Occupational Health Centre

Field Visit to Fatorda Stadium

Dr. V.N. Shet has been invited as international reviewer for 1. IET Power Electronics Journal 2. PECON 2012 (2012 IEEE International Power and Energy Conference) 3. ICCSII 2012 (IEEE Conference on Control Systems and Industrial Informatics)

S.E. (E&E) students visited hydroelectric power generating station at Koyna nagar, Satara District, Maharashtra as a part of study tour from 10th to 12th March 2012. The power station utilises water from the Koyna dam. Students were able to get in depth knowledge about the turbine functioning along with the full operation of the plant and the substation. Students of Illumination Engineering elective group visited Fatorda Stadium and Ravindra Bhavan to gain practical aspects in the area of illumination. They were accompanied by Prof. Aditi Desai, faculty incharge for the subject. They studied various aspects of flood lighting at Fatorda stadium under the guidance of Mr. Lawrence Barbosa and Mr. Manoj Kolaker. At Ravindra Bhavan students got working knowledge of theatre lighting. On the 19th of April 2012 B.E. (E&E) students of Biomedical Instrumentation elective group visited Apollo Victor Hospital to gain practical knowledge with respect to the subject being taught. They were accompanied by Prof. Sanyogita Verenkar, faculty incharge for the subject. The students envisaged the usage of highly sophisticated state of the art equipments in the area of biomedical instrumentation. The Department of Electrical & Electronics Engg, GEC extends sincere gratitude to Dr Gaurang Shirodkar, Nikita and all the Staff and Authorities of Apollo Victor Hospital.

Dr. V.N. Shet and Prof. Suneeta Raykar attended PSCADRTDS Asia Conference from Jan 11th to Jan 13th 2012 held at Bangalore. Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar and Prof Sonali Pandit attended one day Symposium on VLSI and Embedded Systems organised by Department of Electronics, Goa University in association with VLSI society of India Goa Chapter on 22nd March 2012. Dr. V. N. Shet attended 1st World Summit on Accreditation WOSA 2012 held at Hotel Ashoka New Delhi from 25th to 28th March 2012. Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar attended National Conference on Electronics Technologies NCET 12 organised by Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering, GEC, on 14th April 2012. Dr. V. N. Shet attended two days Annual Appraisal meeting on Information Security Project held at MNIT Jaipur on 21st and 22nd April 2012.

SPARX 2K12 - the annual technical cum gaming event organised by ELECTRA Council was held on 26th & 27th March 2012. The chief guest for the inaugural ceremony was Mr. Mahendra Khandeparkar. The other dignitaries present were Prof. Vivek Kamat - Principal GEC and Director of Technical Education-Govt. of Goa, Dr.V.N.Shet - Head, E&E Department-GEC, Prof. Noah Dias Electra Students Advisor, Mr. Saineel Prabhu Dharwatkar - Electra General Secretary and Mr. Vaibhav Vernekar Electra Treasurer. "Mission Electrify" - a CD based on Electrical machines compiled by Ms. Fedora Dias B.E. (E&E) was released on this occasion. The HOD congratulated and praised Ms. Fedora for the same. The first edition of the newsletter of Electrical and Electronics Department E-Luminous was also inaugurated.

Prof. G.R. Kunkolienkar and Mr. Aditya Aroskar M.E. (Power and Energy Engineering) presented a paper titled CT Behaviour during fault condition at National Conference on Electronic Technologies NCET12 organized by ETC Department, GEC. The following students of B.E. (E&E) presented technical papers at 6th Annual Symposium on VLSI and Embedded Systems organized by Department of Electronics, Goa University. Ms. Deepam Gawas, Ms. Smita Nalawade, Ms.Shruti Naik and Ms. Vibhuti Manerkar presented a paper titled Power Distribution Optimization by finding maximum demand. The project is guided by Dr. V. N. Shet. Mr. Gaurish Shirodkar, Mr. Aditya Chanekar, Mr. Bhupendra Pagui and Mr. Mahadevrao Shet Tanavde presented a paper titled Bipedal Walker Robot. The project is guided by Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar. Mr. Solomon Crasto, Mr. Elito Fernandes, Mr. Anthony Dias and Mr. Vishan Korde presented a paper titled Hardware Implementation of Face Recognition. The project is guided by Prof. Sonali Pandit. Ms. Akshata Dabholkar, Ms. Deepshikha, and Ms. Glency Dias presented a paper titled Automatic Load Shedding and Substation Safety. The project is guided by Prof. Sonali Pandit. Mr. Raghavendra Kulkarni and Mr. Vaibhav Keny secured 2nd prize for presentation of their paper titled Design and VLSI implementation of trained ANN for the speed control of Induction motor at National Level Technical Symposium Spike12 organized by Bharat Institute of Science and technology, Bharat University Chennai. The project is guided by. Prof. Suneeta Raykar.

Mr. Joseph Chelad, Mr. Ravi Mali, Mr. Ethan Fernandes and Mr. Sharmad Bhat presented a paper titled Design of Smart Lighting System at National Conference on Electronic Technologies NCET12 organized by ETC Department, GEC. The project is guided by. Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar.

Mr. Swaraj Gavandalkar and Mr. Akshay Kumbhar presented a paper titled Industrial Process Control System using LABVIEW at Technisium-2012 a national level technical symposium organized by Association of Electrical Sciences, Siddaganga Institute of Technology, Tumkur. The project is guided by Prof. Suneeta Raykar. Ms. Nivedita Naik, Ms. Apoorva Khandeparkar, Ms. Pratiksha Naik and Ms. Rohini Madkaikar presented paper titled Microcontroller based prepaid Energy Billing system at Torque 12 organised by MESA Council, GEC. The project is guided by. Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar.

The following students of B.E. (E&E) presented technical papers at Sparx 2K12 organized by ELECTRA Council, GEC Mr. Omkar Manjrekar, Mr. Sahil Nagvekar, Mr. J. Martin Esaya and Mr. Vijaikumar Jamadar presented a paper titled Building of Core loss tester. Mr. Vaibhav Vernekar, Mr. Govind Patil, Ms. Pranjal Phadte and Ms. Neha Parker presented a paper titled Wireless transformer fault detector and informer. The project is guided by Prof. Noah Dias. Ms. Vraksha Palankar, Mr. Prateek Morlekar, Mr. Shivam Madkaiker and Mr. Vishvesh Borkar presented a paper titled Power System Study for Reliability Improvement of Electrical Distribution System. The project is guided by Prof. Noah Dias. Ms. Genevieve Miranda, Mr. Babani Kulekar, Ms. Rima Priolkar, Mr. Prasad Naik and Mr. Sarvesh Dhond presented a paper titled Energy Audit. The project is guided by Prof. Noah Dias.

Mr Jivanand Velip, Mr. Gauresh Gaonkar, Mr. Rupesh Gaonkar and Mr. Mexkumar Brahmcharimayum presented a paper titled Voice automation by Neural Network at Eureka and Jidnyasa-2K12, a national level technical symposium organized by Tatyasaheb Kore Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kolhapur. The project is guided by. Prof. Sonali Pandit. Mr Shivprasad Bavalkar, Mr. Sreejith Nair, Mr. Vivek Negi and Mr. Iqbal Singh presented a paper titled Accelerometer based RF pointing Device at National Conference on Computer Science and Informatics organized by Anna University. The project is guided by Prof. Suneeta Raykar.

It is very soothing that todays consumer is conscious of energy utilisation. Often we hear people talking about Energy Audit. Energy Audit is a balance sheet of energy consumed, how efficiently it is being consumed, pointing to various means of saving and retrieving energy wherever possible. Electrical Energy forms a major part of energy consumption. It is however noticed that most of energy auditing advocates use advanced technology gadgets like high efficiency motors, CFLs, LED luminaries, etc for energy saving. This requires capital investment. Instead, use of existing appliances with proper installation and operational practices, timely maintenance, efficient control is also an appealing means of saving energy. Power factor improvement is one of those prominent practices to utilize existing appliance efficiently thus reducing electrical intake and ultimately the electricity bill. Now let us see what is this power factor about? Any electrical appliances require two kinds of power for its operation. One is called active power that we usually call as Watts and other, reactive power called as VArs. The power consumed by the appliance is combination of both these power called as VAs. Technically or . The appliance has its watt consumption on its label. We all conceive watts. However understanding VARs requires some analogy. Let us understand this using an example. Suppose a load of 100kg is to be transported from point A to point B. This job requires work to be done. Little thinking reveals that this job involves two components, first the load has to be lifted from ground and second it is to be carried from A to B. In- ability to do any one component results in failure of the job. It is particularly pointed out that we normally tend to account for the second component i.e. the work required to be done for carrying from location A to B, the first i.e. lifting the load and making it ready to be carried, being taken for granted. The importance of the first component is, if on the way from A to B if this component fails or withdrawn, the job will fail. In electrical terms the first component is the reactive power VAr, while the second component is watts. The total power VA being as given above. The ratio of watts to VA is called Power Factor. Cos = = Power Factor To minimize VA for given watts, VAr is to be reduced. Lowering VA increases Power Factor. Since VA is the total power requirement of the job, lowering its value increases process efficiency. Hence higher power factor is desirable. All the three power components are represented by Power triangle.
watt VA VAr

In order to get better insight into the methodology, let us stretch the above discussed analogy a little without losing the relevance. While the load is being carried from A to B if the load is supported by external means or some external force is applied to assist the lifting of the load then obviously the first component is reduced and stress on the main system is lessened. In electrical terms this means that if some external agency supplies VAr then the main supply has to supply only the Watts thereby reducing the VA. Hence at constant voltage this reduces the current loading. The process is pictorially depicted as below.

watt VA VA new


Figure (b) shows VAr compensation by external means (Capacitor). The figure is self explanatory. The active power associated with active current remains the same while the reactive power is compensated by external means. The new power triangle shows reduction in VA requirement. The external VArs requirement can be calculated for any desired power factor. VArs supplied externally = active power *(tan 1 tan 2) Capacitor requirement can then be calculated.

Advantages of Power Factor Improvement

Power factor improvement decreases VAr demand of load from the main system. This decreases the total VA to be supplied to the load. This puts fewer burdens on VA rating of supply such as Transformer, Generator. Since VA demand is decreased, at constant voltage current drawn also reduces which decrease the IR drop,called voltage drop, over the transmission line. Hence Voltage regulation is improved. Lesser current decreases the copper loss or I 2 R loss in the windings and transmission line. Lesser VA demand due to improved Power Factor means, the decreased VA power is released back to the system which now can be used elsewhere. Lastly lesser power consumption reduces the Electricity bill. Hence it is good practice on the part of consumer to maintain as high power Factor as possible. Moreover the electrical supply authorities have made this mandatory and penalty is imposed for poor Power Factor.

Power Factor improvement

How one can improve the Power factor of the electrical installation?

Energy saved is Energy produced and everyone should cultivate habits to minimize the wastage of Energy.

Data Collection : Prof. Sneha Phadate

Layout and Compilation : Prof. Sangeeta Mahaddalkar

Published and Printed by:

Dr. V.N.Shet,Head, E&E Department