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In which option do the three particles each have the same number of electrons? A B C D Cl F K
+ +

Br Ne Ca Na

Na
2+

Br K
+

Li

Why does neon gas, Ne, diffuse faster than carbon dioxide gas, CO 2? A B C D Neon atoms have the lower mass. Neon does not form molecules. Neon is a noble gas. Neon is less dense than air.

Which reagent could be used to distinguish between dilute nitric acid and dilute hydrochloric acid? A B C D aqueous barium chloride aqueous silver nitrate aqueous sodium hydroxide copper(II) carbonate

The conical flask contains compound X which is present in solid, liquid and gaseous states.

gaseous X

solid X liquid X Which statement is correct? A B C D A gaseous X molecule has a lower mass than a liquid X molecule. Energy is released when X changes from liquid to solid. Liquid X is at a higher temperature than solid X. Liquid X molecules vibrate about fixed positions.

Which statement is always true when two atoms join together by a covalent bond? A B C D One atom is a metal, the other atom is a nonmetal. electron.

One atom loses one electron, the other atom gains one The two atoms share one electron. The two atoms share two electrons.

The diagram shows the structures of diamond and graphite.

diamond Which property do these substances have in common? A They are giant structures. can act as

graphite

B They lubricants. C D 7

They can conduct electricity. They contain only covalent bonds.

Calcium reacts with phosphorus to form the ionic compound calcium phosphide. Which ions will this compound contain? A B C D Ca Ca Ca Ca
2+ 2+ 2

and P and P and P and P

3+

5+

5 8 All of the following substances can conduct electricity. Which substances conductivity is not due to the movement of electrons? A B C D aluminium graphite lithium chloride mercury

A sample of hydrogen is a mixture of the two isotopes The relative atomic mass of oxygen is 16.

1H

and

1H

What are possible values of the relative molecular mass of different molecules of water formed by the combination of oxygen and hydrogen? 1 2 3 A B C D 1 only 1 and 2 only 1 and 3 only 1, 2 and 3 1 8 1 9 2 0

10 Calcium reacts with water as shown. Ca(s) + 2H2O(l) Ca(OH) 2(aq) + H2(g) What is the total mass of the solution that remains when 40 g of calcium reacts with 100 g of water? A 58 g B 74 g C 138 g D 140 g

11 What products are formed when concentrated aqueous potassium chloride is electrolysed? at the anode (positive) A chlorin e B chlorin e C oxygen at the cathode (negative) hydrogen potassiu m hydrogen

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12 Hydrogen reacts with oxygen as shown in the equation below. 2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O(l) How much gas will remain if 2 dm of hydrogen are reacted with 1 dm of oxygen at room temperature? A 0 dm
3 3 3

1 dm

2 dm

3 dm

13 Two cells, P and Q, containing different liquids, were connected suitable lamp and inert electrodes, as shown in the diagram.

in series with a battery, a

lamp

For which pair of liquids did the lamp light up? in P A concentrated sodium chloride solution copper(II) sulfate solution ethanol B mercury in Q concentrated sugar solution propanol molten lead(II) bromide dilute hydrochloric acid C 14 The burning of hydrogen is an exothermic reaction. Which statement explains this? A B C D More bonds are broken than are formed. More bonds are formed than are broken. Overall, the bonds broken are stronger than those formed. Overall, the bonds formed are stronger than those broken.

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5 15 In the Contact process for making sulfuric acid, one step involves the oxidation of sulfur dioxide to sulfur trioxide. 2SO2(g) + O2(g) The forward reaction is exothermic. Which change would increase the amount of sulfur trioxide produced at equilibrium? A B C D adding a catalyst decreasing the pressure decreasing the temparature increasing the temperature 2SO 3(g)

16 Which graph corresponds to the catalytic decomposition of 1 mole of hydrogen peroxide? 2H2O2 2H2O + O2 A 1 total number of moles of oxygen produced total number of moles of oxygen produced 0 time C 1 total number of moles of oxygen produced total number of moles of oxygen produced 1 1 B

/2 0

/2 0

time D

/2

/2

time

time

17 Which row in the table describes the processes occurring at the electrodes when molten sodium chloride is electrolysed? anode (positive) A oxidation reductio B n oxidation
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cathode (negative) reductio n oxidation oxidation


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8 18 Lithium and rubidium are both in Group I of the Periodic Table. Which statement is correct? A B C D Lithium atoms and rubidium atoms have the same number of electrons in their outer shell. Lithium atoms are larger than rubidium ions. Lithium ions and rubidium ions have the same number of electrons in their outer shell. Rubidium ions are larger than rubidium atoms.

19 Which mixture would react with dilute sulfuric acid to form two different gases? A B C D copper and magnesium carbonate copper(II) carbonate and magnesium copper(II) carbonate and magnesium oxide copper(II) oxide and magnesium

20 Which salts are soluble in water? 1 2 3 4 A 1 only ammonium carbonate, (NH4)2CO3 calcium carbonate, CaC O3 lead(II) carbonate, PbC O3 sodium carbonate, Na2CO 3 B 1 and 2
3

1 and 4

2 and 3

21 Which compound in a 1 mol / dm solution has the lowest pH value? A B C D ethanoic acid hydrogen chloride sodium chloride sodium hydroxide

22 In the Periodic Table, how many periods include the elements of atomic numbers 1-18? A 2 B 3 C 6 D 8

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7 23 The ionic equation shows the reaction between potassium iodide and iron(III) chloride. 2Fe (aq) + 2I (aq) 2Fe (aq) + I2(aq) Which terms describe the changes to the iron(III) ions and iodide ions? iron(III) ions A oxidise d B oxidise d C reduced iodide ions reduced oxidise d oxidise d
3+ 2+

24 Element Z is in Group VI of the Periodic Table. Which formula is incorrect ? A Z


2

Z O

ZO

ZO

25 Which is a property of aqueous potassium iodide? A B C D It does not conduct electricity. It is a purple solution. It is decolourised by chlorine. It reacts with aqueous bromine to form iodine.

26 The carbonate of metal X is a white solid. It decomposes when heated to form carbon dioxide and a yellow solid oxide.

What is metal X? A B C D copper iron lead sodium

27 In which reaction do the products formed not include a salt? A B C D calcium(II) carbonate with hydrochloric acid copper(II) oxide with hydrogen copper(II) oxide with sulfuric acid copper(II) sulfate with sodium hydroxide

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28 In the manufacture of iron, using a blast furnace, which reaction generates heat? A B C D CaCO 3 CaO + CO 2 Fe 2O3 + 3CO 2Fe + 3CO 2 C + O2 CO 2 C + CO2 2CO

29 Which oxide is most readily reduced to the metal by heating in a stream of hydrogen? A B C D calcium oxide lead(II) oxide sodium oxide zinc oxide

30 Which ionic equation represents the reaction taking place at the anode during the electrolysis of molten aluminium oxide? A B 2O3 C D Al
3+

+ 3e Al
3+

2Al O
2

+ 3O2 Al

2e O2 4e O2

2O

31 Which type of compound will liberate ammonia when heated with ammonium sulfate? A B C D an acid an alkali a reducing agent a salt
3

32 What is the concentration of hydrogen ions in 0.05 mol / dm sulfuric acid? A


3

0.025 g / dm

0.05 g / dm

0.10 g / dm

2.0 g / dm

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33 Four current problems in our atmosphere are listed. 1 2 3 4 acid rain depletion of the ozone layer presence of greenhouse gases incomplete combustion of carbon compounds

Which atmospheric pollutant is responsible for each problem? W chlorofluorocarbons X Y Z 1 A W sulfur dioxide carbon monoxide carbon dioxide 2 X W B X X C Z Y 3 Z Z W X Y Y 4 Y

34 Which process takes place during photosynthesis? A B C D Carbohydrate is decomposed and oxygen is formed. Carbon dioxide is taken in and oxygen is formed. Oxygen is taken in and carbohydrate is formed. Oxygen is taken in and carbon dioxide is formed.

35 Cholesterol is an organic molecule that occurs in the blood stream. What type of compound is cholesterol? A B C D an acid an alcohol an alkane an alkene

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36 hydrogen.

Substance X, X? B H C H H C H H H H C C

molecular

formula C4H8,

does not

react with

What is the structural formula of A H C H H C H C H

C H C H H H H H H C C H H C C H H H H H C H H C

D H C H C H H

37 Natural gas, petroleum and diesel are all used as energy sources. Which gas is not produced when these sources are burned? A B C D carbon dioxide carbon monoxide hydrogen water

38 The structural formula of butenedioic acid is shown. O C H O H C H C C O H O

Which statement about butenedioic acid is not correct? A B C D It decolourises aqueous bromine.

Its aqueous solution reacts with sodium carbonate. Its empirical formula is the same as its molecular formula. Its relative molecular mass is 116.

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39 A mixture of four gases, methane, ethane, propane and butane is cooled until the first drop of liquid is formed. What compound is most likely to be present in this drop? A B C D butane ethane methane propane

Question Number

Key

40 Which statement about Terylene is correct? A B C D It is an addition polymer. It is an alkene. It is a polyamide.

It is a polyester.

Question Number

Key

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

B A B B D A A C D C A A D D C D A A B C

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

B B C B D C B C B D B C B B B C C C A D

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