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Why upgrade to Advanced Planning 11i?

An Oracle White Paper (Short version) March 2003

Why upgrade to Advanced Planning 11i?


Oracle Applications has been delivering high quality planning applications for over a decade. More than 2000 companies have been successfully using planning applications from Oracle to plan their supply chains and improve their operations. This paper describes incremental benefits that can be gained by upgrading to Oracles 11i Advanced Planning applications, and provides stepby-step recommendations on how to start leveraging an evolved planning foundation for your current and future business.
Oracle Advanced Planning

ASCP Optimized IO GOP CP DP MRP Unconstrained Constrained

APS Common Infrastructure

Oracle Advanced Planning provides a completely integrated planning solution that spans demand planning, inventory optimization, supply chain and manufacturing planning, global order promising, collaborative planning, exception management, and supply chain intelligence. It addresses the common issue of having to deal with multiple disconnected planning processes that are difficult to synchronize and that have no visibility to customer requirements and supplier commitments. Oracle Advanced Planning reduces the complexity of synchronizing many plans by providing a collaborative, holistic, e-business planning process that includes your trading partners, dramatically reduces the overall planning process cycle time, and improves the quality of plans. Oracle Advanced Planning offers so many new features and options to customers upgrading from previous versions of Oracle planning products, that it may seem overwhelming. Not all customers may be ready to overhaul their complete planning processes. You may also be wondering where to start, and what to take advantage of first. Over the next few sections we will attempt to take a more incremental approach to describing the new capabilities and benefits provided by Oracle Advanced Planning, and provide some ideas that may help in prioritizing an upgrade path including how to: Leverage Oracle Advanced Plannings backwards compatibility by running it directly against a 10.7 or 11.0 release of Oracle Applications Implement one or more Advanced Planning products in a modular way while taking advantage of the tight integration across all planning products.

Oracle Applications (10.7, 11.0, 11i)


The most logical place to start your upgrade path is unconstrained planning, which is offered by Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning (ASCP). Oracle ASCP perfectly covers your existing MRP planning processes, yet provides increased benefits with minor additional investment.

Master Production Scheduling Rough Cut Capacity Planning Material Requirements Planning Capacity Requirements Planning Mixed mode manufacturing support Plan all locations, all manufacturing methods, all planning time



"Oracle Advanced Planning gives us more time to run our day to day business operations. Instead of dedicating an internal team to generate updated inputs and running manual tools, we simply generate one plan from which to execute." -Keith Palevsky, Director of Business Operations, Primarion

horizons (short to long term) in a single plan Plan at aggregate level as well as detailed level in one plan, for each plan time period New productivity enhancing user interface Problem solving and analysis tools Audit trail and undo Advanced reporting In line forecast consumption Supply chain planning Integrated performance management Integration with Oracle Process Manufacturing (process support) and Oracle Shop Floor Management (semiconductor support) Component architecture

While Oracle MRP is a solid product, that has been successfully deployed for many years, it does have some limitations. Oracle ASCP provides all of the features of MRP, and much more. ASCP was developed with MRP as a starting point to ensure a smooth transition for existing customers and was enhanced to provide many of the additional features that our customers requested over the years.

Many customers start out by using ASCP in an unconstrained mode. In unconstrained mode, ASCP will behave similarly to Oracle MRP or Oracle SCP and the planning output will be exactly the same, ensuring a smooth transition to a new and improved planning foundation. ASCP also provides significant improvements to address three common MRP problems: How can I reduce my end-to-end planning cycle time? How can my planners make better and faster decisions? How can I implement a more scalable infrastructure?
Reducing End-to-End Planning Cycle Time

Running fewer plans faster enables you to reduce end-to-end planning cycle time. Oracle ASCP provides a holistic planning approach that allows you to simultaneously plan all facilities, all time horizons (days, weeks, periods), all material and all resources, using flexible aggregation levels, in a single holistic plan. In addition, multiple planners can analyze the output of a plan at the same time and perform individual changes and simulations, while preserving the integrity of the overall solution. Finally, we obsoleted separate planning steps where applicable. For example, forecast consumption now runs inline with planning.
Better and Faster Decisions by Planners

Oracle ASCP was developed from the start with planners productivity in mind and has continuously evolved over the years. Planners can leverage the unique features of the new horizontal and vertical plan views, drill down to related exceptions, use a configurable planning detail report and a plan comparison report, as well as graphics and many navigational improvements through context-sensitive right-mouse clicks, to speed up to analysis of planning output. In addition, we embedded workflow throughout to allow automation of many planning tasks. Last but not least, we allow planners to make decisions that are in line with overall business objectives by providing embedded performance indicators in the planner workbench.
Increased Scalability and Performance through Database-centric Planning

Planning cycle time is a key factor that controls your organizations ability to quickly respond to problems in your supply chain. Recognizing that, a lot of emphasis has been placed on further improving the performance of the Oracle ASCP planning processes beyond what Oracle MRP or SCP offer. Oracle ASCP uses a patented database-centric architecture and has been optimized to leverage the architectural improvements provided by Oracle RDBMS 8i and 9i such as partitioned tables, materialized views, autonomous transactions, and so on. This ensures that the planning process spends the least amount of time to move the data in and out of database, which significantly reduces planning cycle time. For instance, the Snapshot program that took several hours to complete with Oracle MRP now completes in a fraction of the time.

How to Get There

One logical question at this point would be: If Im an existing Oracle customer and already use MRP, what would it take to start using unconstrained ASCP?. First, you need to install ASCP, which can be done in two ways, using the 11i rapid install process:
Mykrolis went from using 10.7 MRP to using unconstrained ASCP and implemented in 30 days. Mykrolis processes approximately 3,000 orders per day. Before Oracle, 70% of these were delivered on time, but with Oracle this rate has improved to over 90%. The Oracle solution provides our planners with instant access to global information, and simulation tools for reacting to changing market conditions. The result is more accurate plans, fewer errors, and improved bottom line service to our customers Mike Dapcic, CIO Mykrolis Corporation

If you want to deploy ASCP against Release 10.7 or Release 11.0 (source), you need to install ASCP in a separate 11i instance (destination); during installation, we create the additional attributes on the source as well as link one or more sources to the destination system If you want to deploy ASCP against Release 11i (source), you have the option to either install ASCP in the same instance, or to create a separate planning instance (often done when performance and scalability are of concern); in case of a separate source, we also link the source to the destination system If you deploy a mix of 10.7, 11.0, and 11i source systems, you will install ASCP in a separate 11i instance; we create the additional attributes in the 10.7 and 11.0 source systems, and you define the links between source and destination in the same way. Once the instance has been defined, there is a concurrent program called Data Collection that needs to be run. This takes a snapshot, in net-change mode, of transactional data for planning. To start running plans, you define a plan name, set up the plan options, and run your plan. The definition and launching of a plan is identical to in Oracle MRP, with some additional options that can be used. These are the only steps required to implement unconstrained ASCP!

Starting with a new, stronger foundation as the basis for your future

Upgrading to Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning could also be the first step towards using some of the other new products in the Advanced Planning Solution. Not all customers implement these products in the same order. To determine what the logical step might be, you need to look at where the pain points in your business processes are, and where you can receive the most benefit. The rest of this paper will discuss the other components of Oracle Advanced Planning and what benefits they can bring to you.


The most exciting feature of the system to a manufacturer is constraint-based planning. Oracle provides the ability to plan, including resource and material constraints, based on suppliers inventories and capacities Mr. V.A. Raghu, Managing Director, Tube Investments Ltd.

If your most urgent problems is to deal with various constraints in the supply chain planning process, like the use of alternate suppliers, components, substitute items and other material and resource constraints, you should invest and move towards constraint based planning. If you want to weight cost and profit, as well as inventory turns as strategic objectives, and you want to leverage the use of penalties to weigh which (short) supply should be allocated to which (prioritized) demand, you should implement optimized planning.The Constraint Based Optimization (CBO) option for ASCP is designed to let you grow at your own pace and add new features when you are ready, and provides solutions to planning problems that are completely absent in MRP.
Constrained Planning

Constrained planning lets you create feasible plans that take into account your resource and material constraints. You can control which constraints are considered, and in what time horizon they are to be considered. For example, in the short term you may be constrained by both resources and material, while in the longer term you could plan to hire or negotiate for more material from suppliers. Constrained planning, or finite scheduling, also lets you know immediately what orders are liable to be delayed due to your constraints, as well as what needs to be done to resolve the issues. Key features to consider are: Automated choice of alternatives use alternate resources, substitute components, alternate bills of material and routings, alternate facilities, alternate suppliers, and substitute products. Detailed scheduling - create detailed (to the minute or hour) schedules that you can be executed on your shop floor and use scheduling features like batch resources, simultaneous resources, and minimum transfer quantities
Optimized Planning
Optimization For Planners, Not Programmers

Optimization will help you make more profitable decisions. Optimized plans take costs and profit into account to determine the best possible planning decision. To ease the level of comfort with optimized plans, planners can start using the out-of-the-box optimization capabilities, supported by extensive defaulting of penalties - without any coding. The definition of the optimization parameters is presented in clear and understandable business terminology and the extensive defaulting does not require planners to define all costs and penalties at all levels in the system. Instead, they can fine-tune as they go and as they become more familiar with the optimized plan results and the related data accuracy.


Intersil conservatively estimates that it will see a $13 million benefit over 5 years and the projected ROI over 5 years is 246%. Oracle Advanced Planning has taken Intersils business processes to the next level, allowing us to reduce the time and cost of our demand planning efforts, which ultimately makes us a better supplier to our customers Don Cross, Director of Operations Planning and Customer Service, Intersil Corporation

If your current demand planning processes dont provide you the capability to collaborate on a consensus demand number that will drive all your downstream planning processes, you should consider implementing Oracle Demand Planning. We focused on three key areas in improving demand planning processes: Achieving consensus demand Improving forecast accuracy Manage events, promotions, and new product introductions.
Achieving Consensus Demand

Demand planning is more than forecasting. Demand planning is the collaborative process of generating consensus among all of the stakeholders in the demand planning process. Oracle Demand Planning provides a robust webbased OLAP architecture to allow you to gather and consolidate all the sources of demand information, including sales forecast, marketing forecast, manufacturing forecasts, customer forecasts, events and promotions, new product introductions, and point of sale data into a central place. You can see, manage, report, and manipulate your data along multiple user-definable dimensions and aggregation levels, without reorganizing the data, manage and compare an unlimited number of scenarios that can represent multiple views of the forecast, or perform what-if simulations. Customizable alerts can be triggered and their resolution and escalation can be automated as required since they are workflow enabled.
Improving Forecast Accuracy

Oracle Demand Planning provides robust support for statistical forecasting and consolidation of quantitative and qualitative data. Statistical methods for generating forecasts include moving averages, exponential smoothing, HoltWinters, seasonal adjustment, and linear and non-linear regression models. A forecast wizard guides demand planners through the choice of products, dimensions, demand streams, and time horizons to be included in the plan and also assists in picking the forecasting method that best fits the historical demand pattern for each item and dimension to be forecast.
Manage Events, Promotions, and New Product Introductions
Baseline demand forecast Promotion event planned Total demand forecast

Oracle Demand Planning allows you to define and manage events and promotions. You can define lift factors that represent the effect of the events. Events can be assigned along any dimension in your demand plan. For example, you may have a promotion that will only affect a family of products in one geographical region.
time- t1 t2

In addition, you can model new products based on the life cycle of existing products, or you can model new products or versions that supersede existing products. You can also represent how your new products phase in and phase out.


We now have the ability to see when the product really will be available so we can give the customer valid promised ship dates. We also have the stability to ship from any manufacturing site directly to any customer, which was very difficult with our old systems Randy Kjell, Director of IT, Knowles Electronics

For many customers, the art of promising orders on-time has often not been mastered, especially in a 24x7 business model. Fast, accurate order promising is the key to retaining existing customers and attracting new customers. Oracle Global Order Promising allows you to make quick delivery promises your customers can rely on. It allows you to consolidate supply and demand information from multiple transaction systems to provide a consolidated global picture of demand and supply. It is accessible from multiple Order Entry systems, or order capture systems such as web stores and call centers.
Multi-level Supply Chain ATP, CTP, CTD

You can perform a multi-level component and resource availability check across your entire supply chain for the products requested. You can control the organizations and suppliers to be included in the availability inquiry, and you can control the number of levels in your supply chain bill to be considered in your check. At each level in the supply chain, you can specify the key components and bottleneck resources for which to check availability. In addition, multi-level ATP also considers transit lead-times.
Allocated ATP for Maximum Profitability

Not all customers or demands are completely equal. You have commitments to key customers. You also have new markets you are trying to enter or grow, and new sales channels you are trying to develop. When the total supply is not adequate to meet total demand, intelligent allocation needs to be done to ensure you meet your strategic objectives. Allocated ATP allows you to allocate or ration your scarce materials and resources among multiple sales channels or customers based on your business strategy.
Improved Scalability and Performance through Database-centric Order Promising

The Oracle Global Order Promising engine has a unique architecture. In contrast to the conventional wisdom of providing a memory-based ATP engine, the Oracle Global Order Promising engine runs completely inside the Oracle database. This provides significant architectural benefits that translate to unparalleled scalability and performance. For instance, you do not need to wait for the memory-model to be loaded before providing promise dates to your customer, the data is instantaneously available to the engine as it resides in the database. Further, the database provides built-in multi-threading while ensuring consistency of available material and capacity, which is leveraged by the engine to process ATP requests in parallel to provide a higher degree of scalability. Additionally, the Oracle database provides a high degree of uptime and fail-safe recovery which enables a 24x7 ATP operation; a very critical requirement for global operations.


Competitive pressures drive the need to improve customer service and cost simultaneously. Knowing how to provide superior customer service at the lowest possible cost is imperative to survive and prosper in the current competitive environment. Inventory Optimization dramatically reduces your inventory investment while improving the service level you provide your customers and improving your revenue and cash flow. Inventory Optimization considers the demand, supply, constraints, and variability in your extended supply chain to optimize your strategic inventory investment decisions. It allows you to provide higher service levels to your customers at a significant lower cost by applying inventory postponement recommendations, while simultaneously weighing the impacts on revenue and sourcing.
Supply Variability Demand Variability

Dealing with Supply Chain Uncertainty and Variability

Least Risk Inventory Investment Strategy

Lead Time Variability

Service Level Requirements

You can capture the uncertainties in your demand and supply. Demand variation may be due to seasonal factors, forecast errors, consumer promotions, or new product introductions. Supply variation may be due to lead-time uncertainties or supplier performance issues. Capturing the inherent variability in supply and demand allows you to overcome the limitations of deterministic optimization techniques.
Flexible Definition of Service Levels

Your customer service target is not a single number. You can have different goals for different products, customers, or sales channels. With Oracle Inventory Optimization, you can define targets by item, organization, category, customer, and plan. You can also specify ABC classes as input with service level requirements for items in each class.
Achieving Higher Customer Service at Lower Cost through Inventory Postponement

Determining the optimum inventory strategy is a process of answering several strategic questions. One is determining what service level objectives to attempt to achieve for each of your product lines and what customers or channels to target. Not all products are equally profitable, and the cost and risk characteristics change over time. Another critical question is where in the supply chain inventory should be held. When products are closer to the end customer, the time required to respond to customer demand goes down, but at the cost of increasing levels of inventory investment, carrying costs, and risk of obsolescence. The cost of inventory decreases dramatically when it is kept as close as possible to a raw input state, but at the cost of increasing the risk of not being able to rapidly respond to customer demand. Determining the optimal

balance of these objectives is known as developing a postponement strategy, and properly executed it can dramatically improve customer service and reduce costs.



Alcatel implemented Collaborative Planning in three weeks and operates a 100% virtual supply chain. Because of the visibility we now have across our virtual supply chain, we have been able to significantly reduce inventory liability. Instantly sharing information about changes in demand or supply with our outsourcing partners gives us all the most precise view of where bottlenecks might occur. To me, this is a real competitive advantage Gary Schliekelman, Director of Planning, Alcatel e-Business Networking Division.

Todays planning processes are often a collection of multiple disconnected processes. In most cases, limited collaboration with customers leads to low forecast accuracy; low visibility to customer forecasts and supplier commits leads to holding too much just in case inventory, increasing inventory costs; 2nd-tier suppliers that deliver key components have no means to interact directly with you; and, indirect costs are high because of extensive expediting and inefficient communication. The entire process has little collaboration, requires multiple steps, and takes a long time. If involving your customers and suppliers in your supply chain planning processes is one of your priorities, you can leverage Oracle Collaborative Planning to get you there fast at lowest cost.
Collaborate with Customers and Suppliers

You can provide your customers with an easy to use portal to enter forecast information and receive exceptions when their forecast doesnt align with your published order commits. You can use that customer forecast directly in your demand planning process and instantly achieve a more accurate picture of your customers expectations versus your own commitments. Oracle Collaborative Planning provides complete waterfall analysis to allow you to compare customer forecasts over time while at the same time comparing them with your sales forecasts. On the supplier side, you can compare order forecasts and supply commits, view exceptions for demand-supply mismatches, and analyze supplier commit performance over time through waterfall analysis.
Automate Inventory Replenishment

You can also automate your inventory replenishment by leveraging the Vendor Managed Inventory processes of Oracle Collaborative Planning and use the embedded workflow to tailor your out-of-stock signals to your suppliers.
Supply Chain Exception Management

You can define and monitor exceptions across the entire supply chain, and use thresholds to avoid getting inundated with alerts. You can also define which exceptions are visible to your suppliers and customers, and with what priorities they should be treated.
Secure Access through Portals

Collaborative Planning provides robust data security and leverages secure portals to allow trading partners to access the supply chain information that you want to share with them. You can define flexible security rules that govern which data your suppliers and customers can view and enter, and which exceptions they receive at what thresholds. When used with iSupplier Portal,


suppliers can view and act on both execution and planning information from a central place.



Distributed, Database-centric Architecture

Oracle Advanced Planning allows you to optionally deploy planning on a separate server from your transactional instance. This allows you to run planning at any time with no conflict with transactions, as well as to perform unlimited simulations without ever impacting performance of other activities. It is also open and allows you to bring in data from other sources or instances. One of the most important implications of this is that Advanced Planning is completely backwards compatible with any supported version of Oracle Applications. There is no dependency on upgrading the rest of your Oracle Applications, and ASCP can be implemented against your existing Release 10.7 or Release 11.0 Applications.
Workflow Based Process Automation

Oracle Advanced Planning makes extensive use of workflow to enable process automation and automated corrective action. This allows you to significantly reduce the non-value added costs of manual activity. Workflow notifications will be send when exceptions arise, or for example when orders cannot be delivered on the requested date, or when supply is directed from a lower ranked channel to a higher ranked channel.
Seamless Integration

Even though all Advanced Planning products can be implemented individually, they provide greatest benefits when deployed together. Demand Planning (DP), for example, can receive customer forecasts from Collaborative Planning (CP), and publish your sales forecast to CP to allow selected customers and suppliers to view. Inventory Optimization can use DPs demand variability as input and calculate time-phased safety stocks that can feed directly into Advanced Supply Chain Planning (ASCP). ASCP also uses demand plans from DP and supplier capacity published in CP as input to the manufacturing and supply chain planning process; resulting order commits and order forecasts can be published back to CP, to be shared with customers and suppliers.



This paper described the benefits and a path to upgrade to Oracle Advanced Planning from Oracle Manufacturing Planning (MRP), or any other MRP system. The most critical and first step is to lay a new foundation for your future planning processes by moving to a new Advanced Planning common foundation. By migrating to unconstrained Advanced Supply Chain Planning you get exactly that, at the low risk and low cost that you require. Once you have put your new foundation in place, you have a wealth of options to further improve your planning processes in your organization. You can start leveraging constrained or optimized planning to improve the quality of your plans, or you can start leveraging other Advanced Planning products to automate planning processes in the demand planning, order promising, inventory optimization, or collaborative planning areas. All of the Advanced Planning products share a common plus: Oracles proven, robust, scalable database-centric and seamlessly integrated planning model, that allows you to integrate with your legacy as well as existing Oracle Applications system. In the latter, we support running against Releases 10.7, 11.0, 11i or even a combination. All the capabilities and advantages described will help you make the decision to move to a new planning and supply chain management foundation, at the lowest cost and risk possible. Contact us today if you have more questions about upgrading to Oracle Advanced Planning 11i.



Internet Portal
Collaborative Demand Plan Exceptions

Collaborative Supply Plan Exceptions

Marketing Forecast Sales Forecast Mfg. Forecast Consensus Forecast

Single Plan

Process Automatio n

t = hours

Demand Planning Process

Supply Planning Process


Why Upgrade to Advanced Planning 11i? (Short version) March 2003 Authors: Scott Malcolm, Roger Goossens Contributing Authors: Nadeem Syed Copyright Oracle Corporation 2003 All Rights Reserved Printed in the U.S.A. This document is provided for informational purposes only and the information herein is subject to change without notice. Please report any errors herein to Oracle Corporation. Oracle Corporation does not provide any warranties covering and specifically disclaims any liability in connection with this document. Oracle is a registered trademark and Enabling the Information Age, Oracle Advanced Planning, Oracle Demand Planning, Oracle Advanced Supply Chain Planning, Oracle Global Order Promising, Oracle Constraint-based Optimization, Oracle Inventory Optimization, Oracle Collaborative Planning, Oracle Supply Chain Intelligence, and For Planners, Not Programmers are trademarks of Oracle Corporation.

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