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Code No: RR10105 Set No.

1
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
APPLIED MECHANICS
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. Determine the resultant of the four forces and one couple that act on the plate
shown in Figure 1. [16]

Figure 1
2. The three flat blocks are positioned on the 300 incline as shown in Figure2, and
a force P parallel to the incline is applied to the middle block. The upper block
is prevented from moving by a wire which attaches it to the fixed support. The
coefficient of static friction for each of the three pairs of mating surfaces is shown.
Determine the maximum value which P may have before any slipping takes place.
[16]

Figure 2

3. (a) Distinguish between quarter turn and compound belt drives.


(b) Determine the maximum power that can transmitted using a belt of
100 mm × 10 mm with an angle of lap of 1600 . The density of belt is
1000kg/m3 and coefficient of friction may be taken as 0.25. The tension in
the belt should not exceed 1.5N/mm2 . [6+10]

4. (a) State and prove parallel axis theorem.

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 1
(b) Find the centroid of the shaded lamina shown in Figure4b. [6+10]

Figure 4b
5. (a) Define mass moment of inertia and explain Transfer formula for mass moment
of inertia.
(b) Derive the expression for the moment of inertia of a homogeneous sphere of
radius ‘r’ and mass density ‘w’ with reference to its diameter. [8+8]

6. Cycle is travelling along a straight road with a velocity of 10m/s. Determine the
velocity of point A on the front wheel as shown in figure6 Radius of cycle wheel =
0.4m and distance of A from C=0.2m. [16]

Figure 6
7. (a) A homogeneous solid cylinder of weight 100 N whose axis is horizontal rotates
about its axis, in frictionless bearings under the action of the weight of a 10N
block which is carried by a rope wrapped around the cylinder. What will be
angular velocity of cylinder two seconds after the motion starts? Assume the
diameter of cylinder as 100cm.
(b) A block of mass 5Kg resting on a 300 inclined plane is released. The block after
travelling a distance of 0.5m along the inclined plane hits a spring of stiffness
15N/cm. Find the maximum compression of spring. Assume coefficient of
friction between the block and the inclined plane is 0.2. As shown in the
Figure 7b. [8+8]

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 1

Figure 7b
8. Two springs of stiffness 200 N/m are attached to a ball of weight 5 N as shown
in the figure 8. If the ball is initially displaced by 2.5 cm to the left and released,
find the period of oscillation of the ball. Find also the velocity of the ball when it
passes through the middle position. [16]

Figure 8

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 2
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
APPLIED MECHANICS
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) A ball of weight Q = 12 N rests in a right-angled trough, as shown in figure1a.


Determine the forces exerted on the sides of the trough at D and E if all
surfaces are perfectly smooth.

Figure 1a
(b) A pulley A is supported by two bars AB and AC which are hinged at points
B and C to a vertical mast EF. Over the pulley hangs a flexible cable DG
which is fastened to the mast at D and carries at the other end G a load Q =
20 KN. Neglecting friction in the pulley, determine the forces produced in the
bars AB and AC. The angles between the various members are shown in the
figure1b. [6+10]

Figure 1b
2. (a) Define the following:
i. Friction
ii. Angle of friction
iii. Limiting friction
iv. Cone of friction
(b) A ladder 5 m long and of 250 N weight is placed against a vertical wall in a
position where its inclination to the vertical is 300 . A man weighing 800 N

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 2
climbs the ladder. At what position will he induce slipping? The co-efficient
of friction for both the contact surfaces of the ladder viz. with the wall and
the floor is 0.2. [8+8]

3. An open belt connects two flat pulleys, the smaller pulley being of 400mm in
diameter. The angle of lap on the smaller pulley is 1600 and coefficient of friction
between belt and pulley is 0.25.
Which of the following alternatives would be more effective in increasing the power
that could be transmitted.

(a) Increasing the intial tension by 10%,


(b) Increasing the coefficient of friction by 10% by the application of suitable
dressing to the belt. [16]

4. (a) Determine the product of inertia of a quadrat circle.


(b) Find the moment of inertia about both the centroidal axes of shaded por-
tion.{As shown in the Figure4b}. [6+10]

Figure 4b
5. A cylinder of diameter 500 mm and height 1200 mm has mass density of 8000
kg/m3 . Find out the mass moment of inertia of the cylinder

(a) with respect to the axis of the cylinder and


(b) about a line which coincides with an end face of the cylinder and passing
through the centre of this face. [16]

6. (a) A train is uniformly accelerated and passes successive kilometer stones with
velocities of 18km/hr and 36km/hr respectively. Calculate the velocity when
it passes the third kilometer stone. Also find the time taken for each of the
two intervals of one kilometer.
(b) A ball projected vertically upwards attains a maximum height of 400 metres.
Calculate the velocity of projection and compute the time of flight in air. At

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 2
what altitude will this ball meet a second ball projected vertically upwards 4
seconds later with a speed of 120 metres per second? [8+8]

7. (a) A body weighing 20 N is projected up a 200 inclined plane with a velocity of


12 m/s, coefficient of friction is 0.15. Find
i. The maximum distance S, that the body will move up the inclined plane
ii. Velocity of the body when it returns to ist original position.
(b) Find the acceleration of the moving loads as shown in figure 7b. Take mass
of P=120 kg and that of Q=80 Kg and coefficient of friction between surfaces
of contact is 0.3 .Also find the tension in the connecting string. [8+8]

Figure 7b
8. A small ball of weight ‘W’ is attached to the middle of a tightly stretched perfectly
flexible wire AB of length 2l, connected between two horizontal rigid surfaces.
(arrangement is vertical). Prove that for small lateral displacements and high initial
tension in the wire, the ball will have a simple harmonic motion, and calculate the
period. [16]

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 3
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
APPLIED MECHANICS
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Explain various force systems with neat sketches.


(b) A roller of radius r = 0.3 m and weight Q = 2000 N is to be pulled over a
curb of height h = 0.15 m.by a horizontal force P applied to the end of a
string woundaround the circumference of the roller. Find the magnitude of P
required to start the roller over the curb. [6+10]
{As shown in the Figure1b}

Figure 1b
2. (a) A solid right circular cone of altitude h= 305 mm and reduces of base
r = 75 mm has its center of gravity ‘C’ on its geometric axis at the distance
h
4
above the base. This cone rests on an inclined plane AB, which makes an
angle of 300 with the horizontal and for which the coefficient of friction is µ
= 0.5. A horizontal force ‘P’ is applied to the Vertex ‘O’ of the cone of the
figure2a as shown. Find the maximum and minimum values of P consistent
with equilibrium of the cone. If the weight (W) = 405 N.

Figure 2a
(b) What must be the angle α between the plane faces of a steel wedge used for
splitting logs if there is to be no danger of the wedge slipping out after each
blow of the sledge? [12+4]

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 3
3. A shaft which rotates at a constant speed of 160 r.p.m is connected by belting to
a parallel shaft 1800mm a part, which has to run at 60, 80 and 100 r.p.m. the
smallest pulley on the driver shafts is 150mm in radius. Determine the remaining
radii of the two stepped pulleys for

(a) A crossed belt


(b) An open belt.

Neglect belt thickness and slip form. [16]

4. (a) Explain the terms:


i. Moment of inertia
ii. Polar moment of inertia
iii. Product of inertia.
(b) Locate the centroid of the shaded area as shown in the Figure4b. [6+10]

Figure 4b
5. A rectangular parallelopiped has the following dimensions.
Length along x-axis = ‘l’
Height along y-axis = ‘a’
Breadth along z-axis = ‘b’
Density of the material is ‘w’
Determine the mass moment of inertia of the parallelopiped about the centroidal
axes. [16]

6. (a) With an initial velocity of 126m/s, a bullet is fired upwards at an angle of


elevation of 35o from a point on a hill and strikes a target which is 100m lower
than the point of projection. Neglecting air resistance, calculate
i. the maximum height to which it will rise above the horizontal plane from
which it is projected

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 3
ii. velocity with which it will strike the target. Take g=9.81m/s2 .
(b) A pelton wheel attains its operating speed of 900 revolutions per minute
3 seconds after it starts from rest. Determine the constant angular acceleration
of the pelton wheel. Also find the total number of revolutions the wheel makes
before it attains its operating speed. [8+8]

7. (a) A homogeneous solid cylinder of weight 100 N whose axis is horizontal rotates
about its axis, in frictionless bearings under the action of the weight of a 10N
block which is carried by a rope wrapped around the cylinder. What will be
angular velocity of cylinder two seconds after the motion starts? Assume the
diameter of cylinder as 100cm.
(b) A block of mass 5Kg resting on a 300 inclined plane is released. The block after
travelling a distance of 0.5m along the inclined plane hits a spring of stiffness
15N/cm. Find the maximum compression of spring. Assume coefficient of
friction between the block and the inclined plane is 0.2. As shown in the
Figure 7b. [8+8]

Figure 7b
8. (a) A weight of W = 10 KN, with cross sectional area of 1800 mm2 , is attached
to a spring of spring constant 0.1 KN/mm, is oscillated in water. Find the
period of oscillation.
(b) A connecting rod AB makes 40 small oscillations per minute about a knife
edge through the hole at the end A. The distance of C.G. from ‘A’ is 0.45m.
Find the radius of gyration of the rod about the axis through ‘G’ parallel to
the knife edge. Also find the number of oscillations per minute which the rod
will make if supported on a knife edge through the hole at ‘B’ if AB =1.5m.
[8+8]

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 4
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2007
APPLIED MECHANICS
(Civil Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) A ladder supported at A and B, as shown in figure1a, a vertical load W can


have any position as defined by the distance ‘a’ from the bottom. Neglecting
friction, determine the magnitude of the reaction Rb at B. Neglect the weight
of the ladder.

Figure 1a
(b) A rigid bar AB is supported in a vertical plane and carries a load Q at its free
end as shown in figure1b. Neglecting the weight of the bar compute the force
(S) induced in the horizontal string CD. [8+8]

Figure 1b
2. (a) A short semicircular right cylinder of radius ‘r’ and weight ‘w’ rests on a
horizontal surface and is pulled at right angles to its geometric axis by a
horizontal force applied at the middle B of the front edge. Find the angle ‘α’
that the flat face will make with the horizontal plane just before sliding begins
if the coefficient of friction at the line of contact A is µ . The gravity force
‘W’ must be considered as acting at the center of gravity ‘C’ as shown is the
figure2a.

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 4

Figure 2a
(b) The mean diameter of the threads of a square – threaded screw is 50 mm. The
pitch of the thread is 6 mm. The coefficient of friction µ = 0.15. What force
must be applied at the end of a 600 mm lever, which is perpendicular to the
longitudinal axis of the screw to raise a load of 17.5 kN to lower the load.
[10+6]
3. (a) Distinguish between quarter turn and compound belt drives.
(b) Determine the maximum power that can transmitted using a belt of
100 mm × 10 mm with an angle of lap of 1600 . The density of belt is
1000kg/m3 and coefficient of friction may be taken as 0.25. The tension in
the belt should not exceed 1.5N/mm2 . [6+10]
4. (a) Calculate the moment of inertia of the shaded area about the x – axis
{As shown in the Figure 4a}

Figure 4a
(b) Determine the moment of inertia of a hallow circular section about its cen-
troidal axes as shown in figure 4b. [8+8]

Figure 4b

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 4
5. Determine the mass moment of Inertia of the cast iron flywheel as shown in figure5.
(cross section) with respect to the axis of rotation. The flywheel has six elliptical
spokes 30 × 40 mm in cross section. Cost iron weighs 7200 kg/m3 . [16]

Figure 5
6. (a) A train is traveling at a speed of 60 km/hr. It has to slow down due to certain
repair work on the track. Hence, it moves with a constant retardation of 1
km/hrper second until its speed is reduced to 15 km/hr. It then travels at
a constant speed of for 0.25 km/hr and accelerates at 0.5 km/hr per second
until its speed once more reaches 60 km/hr. Find the delay caused.
(b) The motion of a particle in rectilinear motion is defined by the relation
s = 2t3 − 9t2 + 12t − 10 where s is expressed in metres and t in seconds. Find
i. the acceleration of the particle when the velocity is zero
ii. the position and the total distance traveled when the acceleration is zero.
[8+8]

7. If Wa :Wb :Wc is in the ratio of 3:2:1 , find the accelerations of the blocks A, B, and
C. Assume that the pulleys are weightless. {As shown in the Figure7}. [16]

Figure 7

8. A centrifugal pump rotating at 400 rpm is driven by an elastic motor at 1200


rpm through a single stage reduction gearing. The moment of inertia of the pump

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Code No: RR10105 Set No. 4
impeller at the motor are 1500 kg.m2 and 450 kg.m2 respectively. The lengths of
the pump shaft and the motor shaft are 500 and 200 mm, and their diameters are
100 and 50 mm respectively. Neglecting the inertia of the gears, find the frequency
of torsional oscillations of the system. G = 85 GN/m2 . [16]

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