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Set No.

Code No.420803
IV-B.Tech. II-Semester Examination April, 2003 1
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1. Solve the following equations using Cramer’s rule:


x+y+z = 3; x+2y+3z = 4; x+4y+9z = 6.

2. Using Euler’s method, solve y = x+2y; y(0) in the range 0≤x≤1, with step size
h = 0.25.

3. Consider the equations.


a1X + b1Y + c1 Z = d1
a2X + b2Y + c2 Z = d2
a3X + b3Y + c3 Z = d3
Write a program to solve the above equations using Gauss Elimination method.

4. Determine the two smallest roots of the following equation


F (x) = xcosx + cosx = 0
and correct to 3 significant digits using false position method.

5. A spherical mass 1m diameter receives heat from a source at 1600 °C by radiation


and convects heat to the surroundings at 300°C , the convective coefficient being
45 W/m2.K. Determine the steady state temperature of the solid using Regula-falsi
method.
Data: σ =5.67×10-8 W/m2K4, at steady state. Heat received by radiation=Heat lost
by convection.
6. The thermal conductivity of the metal strip at different temperatures are given in
the following table. Fit the data in straight line using least square regression
technique.
Temp(T),K 30 32 34 36 38 400
0 0 0 0 0
Thermal conductivity(k), W/m.K 7.5 7.9 8.3 8.7 9.1 9.5

7.a) Illustrate continuous and discontinuous functions with the shapes of their curves.
b) Find the minimum of the expression
y = 10x3-4x2+3x-1 if -5≤x10
by the analytical method.

8. Minimize y = (2x-9)2
0 < x < 10
for 6 Fibonacci experiments. Set No.
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Code No.420803
IV-B.Tech. II-Semester Examination April, 2003
2
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---
1. Solve the following equations using Cramer’s rule:
x+3y+6z = 2; 3x-y+4z = 9; x-4y+2z = 7.

2. Using Euler’s method, find an approximate value of y corresponding to x = 1,


given that dy/dx = x+y and y = 1 when x = 0.

3. Find the solution to the set of equations shown below:


2 x1 – 3 x2 – 3 x3 + 6 x4 = 15
4 x1 + 2 x2+ 3 x3 - 4 x4 = 10
5 x1 + 6 x2 + x3 - 12 x4 = 5
3 x1 – x2 + 2 x3 + 2 x4 = 13 using Gauss Elimination method.

4. Find the three roots of the equation


x3 – 4x + 1 = 0
to 3 significant digits using Newton-Raphson method.

5. At 600K the reversible gas-phase reaction C2H4 +Br2 ↔ C2H4Br2 has the rate
constants k1=500 lit/gmol.hr, k2=0.032hr-1, fractional change in the volume(εA =-
0.7). Initial molar ratio of Br2 and C2H4 (M) is equal to 2.0. Find the equilibrium
conversion using Regular falsi method.

6. During the protein estimation by the Lowrys method using spectrophotometer the
following data were obtained
mg of protein (X) 0 1 3 4 6 8 9 11
Absorbancy (Y) 0 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0.8
1 2 4 5 6 7
Use the least square regression to fit a straight line to the above data.

7.a) Briefly describe unimodal and bimodal functions.


b) Find the location and determine the nature of the stationary values of the
unrestricted function
y = 5x4 – 10x3 + 20.

8. Find the minimum of the function


y = 10 x2 – 3x
-5 < x < 5
using preplanned regular intervals method for 6 experiments.
Set No.
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Code No.420803
IV-B.Tech. II-Semester Examination April, 2003 3
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---

1. Solve the following equations using Cramer’s rule:


x+y+z = 6.6; x-y+z = 2.2; x+2y+3z = 15.2.

2. Give the algorithm for the solution of differential equation of the form dy/dx =
f(x,y) using Euler’s method.

3. Consider the following sparse set of equations.


2 x1 – 2 x2 = 1
-x1 + 2 x2 - 3 x3 = - 2
-2 x2 + 2 x3 - 4 x4 = -1
x3 - x4 = 3
Are the zero co-efficients preserved as zeros during Gauss Elimination?.
If yes, write a program, which uses the Gauss Elimination method.

4. Solve the simultaneous non-linear equations


X2 + Y2 = 4
XY = 1
Using Newton-Raphson method. Use starting values X0 = 2, Y0 = 0.

5. An elementary liquid phase reaction A + B → R+S is conducted in a multiple


reactor system in which 100liters capacity CSTR is used as the first unit and a
PFR is used as the second unit. Find the intermediate conversion between the both
the units using iterative method.
Data: Initial molar ratio of B to A, M =2, Reaction rate constant (k) =0.2
lit/gmol.min,
CA0 =0.5 gmol/lit and v0=93.3 lit/min.

6. During the batch growth of micro organisms the following data were obtained

Substrate conc.(S)gmol/lit 0 .25 . .75 1 1.25 1.5 2.0


5
Specific growth rate(µ),h-1 0 .055 . . . .192 . .25
5 1 136 166 3 214
Fit the above data using least square regression technique in Monod growth model
µ =µmax.S/(ks+S).Where µmax and ks are Monods constants.

(Contd…2)
Code No.420803 -2- Set No.3

7.a) Give mathematical definitions and show the shape of curves for convex, concave
and convex-concave functions.
b) Express mathematically which of these functions are convex, concave and
convex-concave:
i) f(x) = 2x2
ii) f(x) = -2x2
iii) f(x) = x3-3x2.

8. Find the minimum of the function


y = (2x-9)2
using gradient search method.

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Set No.

Code No.420803
IV-B.Tech. II-Semester Examination April, 2003
4
COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
(Chemical Engineering)
Time: 3 hours Max.Marks:80
Answer any FIVE questions
All questions carry equal marks
---
1. Solve the following equations using Cramer’s rule:
x2z3/y = e8; y2z/x = e4, x3y/z4 = 1.

2. Using simple Euler’s method solve for y at x = 0.1 from dy/dx = x+y+xy,
y(0) = 1, taking step size h = 0.025.

3. Write a computational procedure to evaluate the following determinants. Check


your procedure by hand calculation.
a) 2 3 2 b) 1 1 1
4 -1 2 2 3 1
4 1 -2 1 -1 -1

4. Given the polynomial equation


X4 + 0.5X3 – 8.5X2 – 0.5X + 7.5 = 0
Use regula-falsi method to find the roots of the equation to 3 significant digits.

5. A non-elementary 2nd order liquid phase reaction A + 2B → product is conducted


in multiple reactor system in which 800 liter CSTR is used as the 1st unit and 1200
liters CSTR is used as the 2nd unit. Find the intermediate conversion between
these units using Regula-falsi method.
Data : v0=64 lit/min, CA0 =0.8 gmol/lit, Reaction rate constant(k) =0.2
lit/gmol.min and CB0/CA0 =M=1.5.

6. A new microorganism has been discovered which at each cell division yields three
daughter cells. The growth rate data during the batch cultivation is given below:
Time(t),h 0 .5 1 1.5 2.0
Dry wt(x),g/l 0. 0 0 0 0.51
1 .15 .23 .34
Fit the above data using least square regression in the exponential growth model
x=a.ebt where a and b are constants.

7. Find the minimum and the range of optimum for the function
y = (2x-90)2 using direct search with appropriate step size.

8. Find the minimum of the function


y = (2x-9)2
0 < x < 10
carrying out 4 sequential and equal interval experiments.
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