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Week 6 3 Term 2012

Learning Brief

SME2 Geometry, Conics and Further Matrices

Goals

Topic: Coordinate Geometry and Conics Students should be able to: understand and use Coordinate Geometry techniques to investigate properties and features of the straight line investigate properties of the straight line and features of the conic sections Key focus: Continue with: geometric and algebraic techniques and applications of geometric results ; exploration of sections of a right circular cone to obtain Circle, Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola; locus definitions, including terms focus, directrix and eccentricity; sketching conics showing directrices, foci, vertices, asymptotes and axes Polar and parametric equations of conic sections

Theoretical Components
Yellow ebook: Maths Quest 11 Advanced General Mathematics Chapter 10 Section 10E Polar coordinates In the Cartesian coordinate system, a point, P, is located by using (x, y) coordinates. The same point can be located by stating the distance of the point from the origin, the radius, r, and the angle, , it makes with the positive x direction. These are known as polar coordinates. We write the polar coordinates of point P as [r, ]. Note: may be given in degrees or radians.

Practical Components
Yellow ebook: Maths Quest 11 Advanced General Mathematics Chapter 10 Exercise 10E Q1, 2, 3 do parts a, c Q4, 5 do parts a, e, i Exercise 10F Q1 and 2 do parts a, c, e, g, i, k, m REMEMBER: Cartesian coordinates (x, y) Polar coordinates [r, ] where x = r cos ()and y = r sin () also and tan () =

Investigation
Read and take notes examples 10, 11 and view example 12 http://content.jacplus.com.au/secure/eBookViewer?is bn=1742162320&rm=&sectionNo=7&chptr=3956 Section 10F Polar equations A polar equation is an equation written in terms of r and/or . Using the conversions for x and y into polar coordinates, x = r cos () and y = r sin () we can change Cartesian equations into polar equations. Read and take notes examples 13 and 14
Remember to come to Room 19 on Wednesday Line 4. No Investigation for this week. Please work on your assignment, due Wednesday, and prepare for Fridays INCLASS exercise.

Quiz

The Quiz is on the cLc. It has 15 questions and will count towards Week 5 and Week 6. Try to achieve 80% or better. You may attempt the quiz multiple times.

Forum

There will be a new Forum next week. Some are still to do the initial Forum. Your two entries count for three hours if they are appropriate and meet the requirements.

You are to investigate the history and applications of geometry. Find something interesting and relevant within the history of geometry and explain its relevance and significance to the mathematics of today. Over the next three weeks (Weeks 1 to 3) you are to submit two posts, each approximately 100 - 150 words in length (at least a couple of paragraphs). Diagrams and pictures are encouraged. You may select your two responses from the following stimulus material. Make your post(s) unique. Do not choose the same mathematician or Thingsapplication as someone else. Be sure to use you own words and give citations you could include in your posts: where necessary. A definition of geometry, include Analytical (coordinate) and Euclidean
geometry comparisons A mathematician Clear relevance and significance with the mathematics of today Why study geometry? Examples of what did the study of geometry do for us and them (present and past) Discussion of real world application of either analytical geometry or Euclidean geometry in the context of mathematics today. The real world application may include both Analytical and Euclidean geometrical aspects

Where to begin: Stimulus - some mathematicians and key terms to help you begin your research

Apollonius Archimedes Astronomy Bernoulli (many) CGI Comet Path Descartes Euclid Gear design GPS John Harrison Kepler Latitude and longitude Menaechmus Navigation Newton Omar Khayyam Optics Pappus Parabolic reflector Pascal Planetary Orbits Projectiles Ptolemy Pythagoras Radio telescope