Climate Action in the

United States and China

May 1999

Advanced
International
Studies
Unit
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

ÖйúÓëÃÀ¹úÔÚÆøºò±ä»¯ÁìÓòµÄÐж¯

Environmental
Change and
Security Project
WOODROW WILSON INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR SCHOLARS

: Jeffrey Logan (

), Aaron Frank,

, Indu John



Lingnan

Doug Murray),

W. Alton Jones
Peter Salmon-Cox

(

Paul Schwengels
Karin Mueller

):

Pew

William U. Chandler

Geoffrey D. Dabelko



Advanced International Studies Unit
Batelle Memorial Institute
901 D Street, S.W.
Suite 900
Washington, DC 20024 USA
Publication # PNWD-2459

Environmental Change and Security Project
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
One Woodrow Wilson Plaza
1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20004-3027 USA

40

1977
25

"

"
,

"

"

UNFCCC)

,

"

"
1990
2012

"

), 1992
"

2000
1997 12
1990
7
),

"

"

),

2008

1970

2020

2000
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000

MtC

800
600
400
200
0
1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

2020

Marland, G., T.A. Boden, R. J. Andres, A. L. Brenkert, and C. Johnston. 1998. Global, Regional, and National CO2 Emissions. In
Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. "Business as
usual" estimates for 1996 and beyond provided by Battelle Memorial Institute.

,
GDP),

PPP

GDP

1998
1997
PPP
1998

1997

1998
kWh) 1998
1997
1997
1900 97
1996

1,243
1.1
2,9701
7.8
1.2
930
885
705
16.4
104

270
0.9
26,980
3.9
11.4
11,800
1,480
5,303
75.5
2

World Bank, Battelle Memorial Institute, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National
Laboratory

2

"

"

1992
1990

,

1990

1996

15

10

5

0

-5

-10

-15

: U.S. Energy Information Administration.

1990 19973
2.0

1.5

1.0

0.5

0.0

-0.5
: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 1998; Energy Information Agency; Battelle Memorial Institute.


1992
1998 5

"

"

"
AIJ


CDM

AIJ
CDM

CDM


1994
1994

"

1999

1992

1998 11


4


56

,
1993



4000

UNFCCC

(GEF)

,

5



1990







6

,

1998
1977

,
1977
(

)

1977
4.2






CFC(

7

)

4100
1.01
900
2.02
6500

1997

1965 1997

8

1.2

3500

1977

3000

2500

2000
0.6

(Mtce)
1500

1000

500

0

0

1965

1970

1975

1977

1980

1985

1990

1995

4.2

: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Battelle Memorial Institute.

1993

2000
60

1

70
9

1973

CAFE
14

1975 1985

27
1998

400

1977
10

1.5
34

1998

1997
1977

45

63
1999

10

2000
18

11





.

1965

1997

5000

1.2

1977
4500

4000

3500

3000

0.6

2500

(Mtce)
2000

1500

1000

500

0
1965

0.0
1970

1975

1977

1980

1985

1990

1995

1.5

: Battelle Memorial Institute.


100

1997

14

1998

30

2.51

1992

1.37
2.98



10
3,000MW



240MW
2000










1.23
2000
2800
4.08

10

1990

1997
1,650MW
1997
300

⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅
.

,

,

.

Aaron Frank

.
.
.

Indu John

.

.

75

http://www.pnl.gov/aisu
1968

28
Lee Hamilton

Cari, Jr.
http://escp.si.edu

Joseph A.

http://www.unfccc.de

http://ecsp.si.edu/China.htm

http://www.gefweb.com
Oak Ridge
http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/home.html

http://www.usgcrp.gov/

http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/

http://www.state.gov/www/global/oes/97climate_report/

http://www.pnl.gov/China/pubs.htm
PACE
http://www.chinaenvironment.net/

http://www.gcinfo.com/becon

http://www.usembassy-china.gov/english/sandt/index.html
,
UNDP
http://www.edu.cn/undp/shd/sustain.htm

1

GDP
GDP

2,970

680

2

1990

3
4
5

116
·

6

1984
1995
37
20
1990
5
1998
Walter Reid and Jose Goldemberg,
Are Developing
5
Countries Already Doing as Much as Industrialized Countries to Slow Climate Change?
World Resources Institute (
), Washington, DC, 1997
7
Mtce
Mtce
1996
8

Mehmet Ogutcu (1999), Linking China to
the World Energy System: China s Global Search for Energy Security, International
Energy Agency, forthcoming
9

(http://www.state.gov/www/global/oes/97climate_report/)
10
Mtce
1992
11

(http://134.67.55.16:7777/dc/ghg.nsf)

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