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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT


WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK
By Soumya Ranjan Parija CS 200118147

Under the guidance of Mr. Dhruti Krishna panda

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

INTRODUCTION
A wireless LAN enables a local network of computers to exchange data or other information by radio waves and without the use of cables. It can either replace or, more usually, extend a wired LAN A wireless LAN is made up of two key components: An access point, or base station, that is usually, but not necessarily, physically connected to a LAN. A wireless card that is either built into or added to a computer device, be it a handheld (PDA), tablet, laptop or desktop computer.

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

WLAN Architecture
The primary architecture of WLAN looks like a traditional cellular network architecture, example GSM.

There are base stations (BS, in WLAN access points, AP) in the network with certain distances.
The mobile stations (MS, in WLAN laptops) are connected to base stations with a radio interface. Each base station (access point) has a range of frequencies called a channel or channels not overlapping the neighbor base stations' traffic.

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT


AP

AP MS

Router or bridge to LAN

AP

MS

MS

Figure 1: Wireless LAN


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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

WLANs

benefit what? Why?

Mobility Installation in difficult-to-wire areas Increased reliability Reduced installation time Long term cost savings

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

WLAN applications
Retail Warehousing Healthcare Hospitality Home and small office General enterprise systems Wireless services

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

Wireless LAN technology


There are Several WLAN specifications and standards that we can choose from when developing WLAN products or integrating WLAN solutions into corporate systems. For e.g. HiperLAN, HomeRF SWAP, and Bluetooth, IEEE 802.11 wireless LANs is being preferred for standard supporting WLANs applications. Other technologies may become stronger competitors to IEEE 802.11 in the future.

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

Terms widely used in WLAN


Spread spectrum Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS) Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum (DSSS) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

WHAT IS NOT A WIRELESS LAN

Cellular data and voice


Satellite Licensed spectrum Wireless MAN Currently no Palm device supports WLAN

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

Wireless LAN implications


Project managers and design engineer should be aware, the following potential problems from the implementation and use of wireless networking
Multipath propagation Path loss Radio signal interference Battery longevity System interoperability Network security Connection problems Installation issues
Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija
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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

Network Security
The functionality of a wireless network corresponds to the lowest levels of the network architecture and does not include other functions, such as end-to-end connection establishment or login services that higher layers satisfy. Therefore, the only security issues relevant to wireless networks are those dealing with these lower architectural layers, such as data encryption.

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

DISADVANTAGES OF WLAN
As the number of computers using the network increases, the data transfer rate to each computer will decrease accordingly As standards change, it may be necessary to replace wireless cards and/or access points Lower wireless bandwidth means some applications such as video streaming will be more effective on a wired LAN Security is more difficult to guarantee, and requires configuration Devices will only operate at a limited distance from an access point, with the distance determined by the standard used and buildings and other obstacles between the access point and the user
Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija
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TECHNICAL SEMINAR REPORT

CONCLUSION
WLAN provide flexibility in
Connectivity Mobility Resource Availability

to any networking application Research in the area is very active, and there is still a long way to go!

Presented by :- Soumya Ranjan Parija

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