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HKCEE BIOLOGY | 6.

1 Osmoregulation and excretion |

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1. 1990/II/39 Which of the following is NOT an excretory product? A. urea B. faeces C. biles pigment D. carbon dioxide 2. 1991/II/59 Question 2 and 3 refer to the diagram below which shows the structure of a kidney tubule and its blood supply :

Which region has the highest blood pressure? A. region 1 B. region 2 C. region 4 D.

region 6

3. 1991/II/60 In a healthy person, which of the following substances are found in region 1 but not in region 5? (1) urea (2) glucose (3) proteins (4) mineral salts A. (1) and (2) B. 4. 1992/II/45 Urea is formed in A. the liver B. (1) and (4) C. (2) and (3) D. (3) and (4)

the bladder

C.

the kidneys

D.

the sweat glands

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5. 1993/II/33 The graph below shows the relative concentration of glucose, protein and urea in the fluids obtained from various parts of the mammalian kidney:

Which of the following correctly matches the three curves? I A. proteins B. glucose C. proteins D. glucose II urea urea glucose proteins III glucose proteins urea urea

6. 1993/II/34 Which of the following is not and excretory organ of the human body? A. the lung B. the rectum C. the liver D. the kidney

7. 1994/II/18 Questions 7 and 8 refer to the diagram below which shows the nephron of a mammalian kidney:

Most water in the glomerular filtrate is reabsorbed in A. region 1 B. region 2 C. region 3

D.

region 4

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8. 1994/II/19 Which of the following correctly describes the processes occurring in different regions of the nephron? A. B. C. D. Region 1 filtration active transport osmosis filtration Region 2 active transport osmosis active transport osmosis Region 4 osmosis filtration filtration active transport

9. 1995/II/34 The diagram below shows a kidney and some associated structures :

The fluids in structures 1, 2 and 3 contain urea at different concentration. Arrange them in descending order of urea concentration. A. 1, 2 , 3 B. 2 , 3, 1 C. 3, 1, 2 D. 3, 2, 1

10. 1996/II/15 Which of the following is an excretory process? A. exhalation B. removal of undigested wastes C. release of saliva D. vomiting

11. 1998/II/41 Which of the following correctly describes the importance of urine production and sweating? A. B C. D. Urine production to remove metabolic wastes to remove metabolic wastes to maintain blood sugar concentration to maintain blood sugar concentration Sweating to promote heat loss to maintain the water potential of body fluid to promote heat loss to maintain the water potential of body fluid

12. 1999/II/35 The metabolic wastes excreted by a mammal include (1) carbon dioxide (2) lactic acid (3) undigested food A. (1) only B. (1) and (2) only

C.

(2) and (3) only

D.

(1), (2) and (3)

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13. 1999/II/37 The salt concentration of the urine of a person was found to decrease shortly after he drank a glass of distilled water. Which of the following is a probable reason for this? A. Less salt is excreted in the urine. B. More water is excreted in the urine. C. The water potential of the blood decreases. D. Less salt is absorbed from the intestine into the blood. 14. 1999/II/38 Compared to the blood in the renal artery, the glomerular filtrate in the Bowmans capsule has A. a lower glucose concentration B. a higher urea concentration C. the same oxygen content D. less protein

15. 1999/II/39 Which of the following descriptions of the air sacs of the lungs and the coiled tubules of the nephrons is correct ? A. B. C. D. Both have a rich blood supply. Both have cells covered with cilia. Both are freely permeable to dissolved substances. Both have cells that carry out a high rate of respiration.

16. 2003/II/37 Questions 16 to 18 refer to the diagram below, which shows the structure of a human nephron and its associated blood vessels:

At sites 1 and 2, there is a movement of glucose between the blood and the fluid in the nephron. Which of the following correctly states the processes responsible for the movement of glucose at these two sites? Site 1 A. filtration B. diffusion C. filtration D. diffusion Site 2 active transport diffusion osmosis active transport

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17. 2003/II/38 In a healthy person, which of the following substances can be found in the blood of the renal vein? (1) urea (2) glucose (3) mineral salts A. (1) and (2) only B. (1) and (3) only C. (2) and (3) only D. (1),(2) and (3)

18. 2003/II/39 Which of the following correctly states and explains the change in concentration of the fluid in site 3 of a person after a basketball match? Change in fluid concentration A. decrease B. decrease C. increase D. increase Reason a smaller proportion of water is reabsorbed less mineral salts are reabsorbed a greater proportion of water is reabsorbed more mineral salts are reabsorbed

19. 2005/II/28 Which of the following processes eliminates metabolic waste from the human body? A. removal of trapped dust particles from the nasal cavity B. passing out undigested food from the gut C. breathing out air from the lungs D. loss of heat from the skin 20. 2007/II/49 Question 20 and 21 refer to the diagram below, which shows the structure of a nephron.

Which region of the nephron has cells with the greatest number of mitochondria? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 21. 2007/II/50 Which regions are responsible for the reabsorption of water? A. 1 and 2 B. 1 and 3 C. 2 and 3 D. 1,2 and 3

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22. 2008/II/46 The diagram below shows a kidney and some associated vessels

Which of the following comparisons about the amount of the substances in the associated vessels is correct? A. concentration of oxygen B. water content C. concentration of glucose D. concentration of urea Higher 1 1 3 3 Lower 2 3 1 2

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