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Code No: ME407

OR

III B.Tech(CCC) Supplementary Examinations, May/Jun 2007 HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks 1. (a) Discuss the dierent modes by which heat be transferred. Give suitable example to illustrate your answer. (b) Dene and distinguish between i. steady state, ii. unsteady state, and iii. transient state of heat transfer. Max Marks:100

[10+10]

2. A composite slab consists of 250 mm re clay brick (k=1.09 W/mK) inside, 100 mm red earth brick(0.26 W/mK) and outer layer of common brick (0.6 W/mK) of thickness 50 mm. If inside surface is at 12000 C and outside surface is at 1000C, nd (a) heat ux, (b) the temperature of the junctions and (c) the temperature at 200 mm from the outer surface of the wall. [20]

3. (a) Air at 200 C ows over a at plate at 600 C at a velocity of 60 m/s. Determine the value of average convective heat transfer co-ecient upto a Reynolds number of 107 i. Considering the laminar region ii. Considering that roughness causes turbulence even at the leading edge. (b) What is Reynolds analogy. [10+10]

4. Nitrogen at 300 C ows over a plate maintained at 700 C with a free stream velocity of 10 m/s. (a) Determine the local and average values of convective heat transfer co-ecient. (b) Also calculate the values of the boundary layer thickness (velocity, thermal) and momentum and displacement thickness at these locations. (c) Determine also the location at which the ow turns turbulent, considering critical Reynolds number = 5 x 105 . [20] 5. (a) Distinguish between lmwise and dropwise condensation. Which of the two gives a higher heat transfer coecient? Why?

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Code No: ME407

OR

(b) Dry saturated steam at a pressure of 2.5 bar condenses on the surface of a vertical tube of height 1.5m. The tube surface temperature is 1200 C. Estimate the thickness of the condensate lm and the local heat transfer coecient at a distance of 0.3m from the upper end of the tube. [8+12] 6. (a) Calculate the shape factors for the congurations shown in the gures given 1(a)and 1(b). i. Sphere of diameter d inside a cubical box of length l = d ii. end and side of circular tube of equal length and diameter.

Figure 1: (b) Find the shape factor F14 for the arrangement shown in the gure.2 The areas A1 and A4 are perpendicular but do not share a common edge. [10+10]

Figure 2:

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Code No: ME407

OR

7. Two identical counter ow type heat exchangers are available. Water (Cp = 4.2 KJ/Kg-K ) at the rate of 1Kg/sec and at 300 Cis heated by cooling an oil (Cp = 2.1 kJ/kg-K at 900 C.the oil ow rate is 0.75 Kg/sec. The heat transfer area in each heat exchanger is 4m2 . The heat exchangers are connected in series on water side and in parallel on the oil side . The oil ow rate is split in the ratio 2:1 as 0.5 kg/sec in the rst and 0.25 Kg/sec in the second exchanger .Water enters the rst heat exchangers at 300 C.Calculate the nal water and oil temperature. Overall heat transfer coecient in each heat exchangers is 300 W/m2 -K. [20] 8. Air to 200 C ows over a tray (length = 03m and width = 0.4 m) full of water. The total pressure of moving air is laton and pontial pressure of water present in air is 0.007 bar. If the temperature on the water surface is 150C nd the evaporation rate of water. The thermophysical properties of air are l =1.205 kg/m3 , = 15.06 x106 m2 /sec and D =4.166x 105 m2 /sec. [20]

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