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Updated: 14 September 2012

PLAN (Peoples Liberation Army Navy) Type 22 Houbei Fast Attack Craft (FAC)

GeorgeRoot (410)4518034 George.Root@covad.net


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VADM Cebrowskis Street Fighter concept is alive and well.in China.

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PLAN Type 22 FAC (NATO codename: Houbei class)

42.6Meters(140Feet)

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Type 22 Houbei Size Comparison to USN Combatants


Shipdrawings aretoscale

AegisCruiser(CG)
Length:567ft Displacement:9,600tons Cost:$1.22B

GuidedMissileDestroyer(DDG)
Length:509ft Displacement:8,230tons Cost:$1.96B(new)

KnoxClassFrigate(FFG)
Length:453ft Displacement:4,156tons Cost:$194M(avg.inFY78)

LittoralCombatShip(LCS)
Length:378ft&418ft Displacement:2,784&3,000tons Cost: $480M(new)

Type22Houbei(FAC)
Length:140ft Displacement:220tons Cost: $50M(est.)

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Yesterdays PLAN Type 22 FAC Conceptual CONOPS ThePLANs StreetFighter CONOPS*

*TheStreetFighter wasanavalstrategyandCONOPs firstseriouslyconsideredbytheUSNin2001. ThisOSDsupportedconceptproponedtheuseofnumeroussmall,inexpensive,andnetworked missilefiringshipsinsteadofafewmuchlargerandmoreexpensivecombatants.TheStreetFighter conceptevolvedtothedevelopmentofthelargerLittoralCombatShip(LCS)primarilybecausethe abilitytoselfdeploy wascriticaltotheUSNsoverarchingForwardDeployed strategy.


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Todays PLAN Type 22 FAC Real World CONOPS

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Earlier Version of PLAN FAC 2208

SingleAAWGun Launchersfor8Missiles(4each)

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The Makings of a Houbei Swarm

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4 Type 22s Executing Swarm Maneuvers

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Houbei Swarm Attack: Simultaneous SSM Firings

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Type 22 Swarm At Rest

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Closer View of Type 22 Swarm At Rest

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The Type 022 (NATO codename: Houbei class) New-generation catamaran (twin-hull) missile fast attack craft (FAC). The first-of-class (hull number 2209) was launched in April 2004 at the Qiuxin Shipyard based in Shanghai. Eight contractors have been involved in the construction of the Type 022, with about 80 hulls planned for delivered by the end of 2010. Some Observers report that only 40 hulls have been delivered by mid 2012. More hulls are expected in the next few years. The vessel replaces the ageing Type 021 (Huangfeng class) that were commissioned between the late 1960s and early 1980s.
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http://www.chinasecurityblog.com/2010/02/15/chinasstealthtype022fastattackmissilecraftfromchinesemilblogspotcom/

February15th,2010

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Type 22 Houbei Class Specifications


Specifications: Displacement: 220 tons full load Length: 42.6 m Beam: 12.2 m Draft: 1.5 m Speed: 36 kts (unclassified number) Crew: 12 Armament: Anti-ship missiles: 8 C-801/802/803 (C-803 unclassified range is 200 km**) Or 8 Land-attack missiles (type unspecified) Surface-to-air missiles: FLS-1 surface-to-air launcher with 12 QW-3 MANPAD missiles (Range: 0.8 8 km; Altitude: 4 m 5 km) (Note: PLAN claims FLS-1 but this has not been verified) Guns: 1 x licensed copy of KBP AO-18 6-barrel 30 mm gun (AK-630) by ZEERI Sensors: Surface search radar: 1 Type 362 Navigational radar: 1 Electro-optics: HEOS 300 Propulsion: 2 diesel engines @ 6,865 hp with 4 waterjet propulsors by MARI
**Source:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C803 AllInformationandImagesAreOpenSource

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Looks Like Development Version of Type 22 FAC

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Brown Water Houbei

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Type 22 Houbei Underway at Speed

NoteTheLackofAConventionalKelvinWake ThatWouldNormally EnableDetectionFromAirborneandSpaceBasedSensors


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Houbei Seakeeping??

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2 PLAN FACs In the Yards

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PLAN FAC 22xx

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Type 22 Houbei Hull


TheType022featuresawavepiercingcatamaranhulldesignknownasSmall Waterplane AreaTwinHull(SWATH).Traditionalcatamaranhulldesignprovidesa largeandbroaddecks,butithasapoorstabilityinhighseasathighspeeds.The modifiedwavepiercingcatamaran,withitshullvolumeintheseassurface minimized,becomesverystableevenonchoppyseas.Thebulkofthedisplacement necessarytokeeptheshipafloatislocatedbeneaththewaves,whereitisless affectedbywaveaction,aswaveexcitationdropsexponentiallywithdepth.

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MixingofFoam,Spray,andExhaustBetweenTheHullsAndBelow TheWetDeckMayBeSuppressingTheVesselsThermalSignature

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Type 22 Houbei 2211 Starboard Side Paint Job

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Same Type 22 Houbei 2211 Port Side Paint Job

NoTwoHoubeiPaintsJobsAreTheSame ProbablytoDefeatAutomaticTarget Recognition(ATR)SoftwareInBothIRSSensorsandWeapons


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Tactical Camouflage for Each Vessel is Different

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Type 22 Camouflage May Be Optimized Against Air & Satellite Detection

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Type 22 Camouflage May Be Optimized Against Air & Satellite Detection

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Type 22 Camouflage May Be Optimized Against Air & Satellite Detection

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Houbei On Floatable Dry Dock

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PLAN FAC 22xx In Dry Dock

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NoteSemiSwathHullandApparentHeatExchangerAftonWetDeck

PossibleHeat Exchangerto CoolExhaust


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Type22CloseupofDeckArrangements(1of2)

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Type22CloseupofDeckArrangements(2of2)

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Houbei Navigation and AAW Radars

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Type 630 Soviet Style Six-barrel 30mm AAW Gun


HEOS 300 Optical Gun Director

Type 630 AAW Gun

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Type22WithApparentESMorCountermeasureSensorsUncovered

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PLAN Type 22 FAC Radar Stealth Details

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PLAN FAC Waterjet Propulsors by MARI

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C-803 (YJ-83) Anti-ship Missile

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PLAN FACs Loading C-803 Missiles (1 of 2)


C803ASCMinCanister

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4 PLAN FACs Loading C-803 Missiles (2 of 2)


C803ASCM

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C-803 ASCM Firings from Houbei In 2010

On June 24th 2010the Chinese government announced a live firing training exercise to be held in an area of Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province in the East China Sea from June 30 - July 5. The 6 day exercise warns all civilian vessels to stay out of the exclusion zone for safety purposes. With the decision to conduct a military exercise on the weekend of July 4th, the impression China is giving is that this exercise is intended to specifically target the United States. The exercises are expected to feature numerous Type 022 Houbei fast attack missile catamarans in addition to other ships and submarines of the PLA Navy, as well as other branches of the PLA. The Department of Defense annual report on Military Power of the Peoples Republic of China (PDF), the latest edition released in March of 2009, lists a count of 70 fast attack missile vessels currently in operation for the PLA Navy. The U. S. Office of Naval Intelligence report (PDF) (2010) notes there are over 50 Type 022 Houbei's in service, perhaps as many as 32 in the East Sea Fleet. The Type 022 is a relatively short ranged (500 nm) heavily armed stealthy catamaran that is thought to be utilized for swarming approaching warships and attacking from multiple axis with their 8 YJ-83 missiles. AllInformationandImagesAreOpenSource

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Type022sFiringYJ83(C803)AntishipMissiles(7Jul2010)

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Notional FAC C-803 ASCM Coverage of the Straits of Taiwan


Assumptionsinthisrindering: EachType22Carries8C803ASCMs MaximumC803ASCMRange=200km Type22FACsRemainWithinCoastalIslands

CHINA
2 3 4

Taiwan

PLANCouldProvideDoubleASCMShooterCoverageWithOnly4ofTheir82Type22s
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Houbei Watch Stations

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HoubeiMissileTeamPosingForTheCameraman

Type22sMayNotRadiateDuringMissileOperationsandMayRelyonOTH TargetingFromOtherPlatformsandSpaceAssets
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AppearsToBeTheHoubeiNavigationDisplay

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PLAN FACs Firing AAW Guns

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Type 22 Houbei FACs As Low Cost Surface Combatants


TheChineseNavyhasgonetosignificantlengthstoreducethe investmentinanysingleProject022classFACMtoaminimum.Thisdoes notjustapplytoequipmentstandards,austerethoughtheyare,butto manpower.TheProject022hasacrewof12to14sailors,lessthanhalf thatofsimilarcraft.Ataunitcostofanestimated$50millioneach,the Chinesecouldaffordboththefinancialandmanpowercommitment neededtooperateaverylargefleetofthesecraft.Constructionis expectedtoexceed100hullsandmaywellgobeyondthatpoint.
StuartSlade,SeniorNavalAnalyst ForecastInternational ,26January2011

VADM Cebrowskis Street Fighter concept is alive and well.in China.

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