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ISLAM AND POLITICS Course Description: During the seventh century, there arose in Central Arabia a movement that

was to sweep across the world and become the second largest of the worlds religions; Islam. Today, in the twentieth-first century, it is commonly accepted that Islam is not merely a spiritual community, or a doctrinal analysis of metaphysical credences. Islam is a religio-political movement in which religion is integral to state and society. This course aims to provide a theoretical analysis over Islam, and a regional analysis over islamic states regarding their political influence in the current equilibrium of power of the international system. The student will be aware of the domestic political scene of islamic nations, the sociological status that had been transformed through the appearance and the establishment of Islam, and the international relations of islamic states with the main actors of international system. Students assessment: Each student will have to present a paper of 3.000 words. By the end of the course every student will have to hand-in an essay of 6.000 words. 30% paper presentation 60% final essay 10% student participation List of Lecture Topics 1st lecture: Introduction 2nd lecture: Topics for presentation distribution 3rd lecture: The birth of Islam Paper title Present the normative and historical realities regarding the religious rift within Islam, between the Sunni and the Shia religious communities. Indicative Bibliography: L. Hazleton, After the Prophet: The Epic Story of the Shia Sunni Split in Islam, (Doubleday, 2009). A. Ahmet, Discovering Islam: Making Sense of Muslim History and Society, (Routledge, 1999). 4th lecture: Revival and Reform in Islam Paper title What was the Ottoman version of Islam? Indicative Bibliography: U. Makdisi, Ottoman Orientalism, The American Historical Review, June 2002, Vol. 107, No. 3: pp. 768-796 U. C. Sakallioglu, Parameters and Strategies of Islam State Interaction in Republican Turkey, International Journal of Middle East Studies, May 1996, vol. 28, no.2, pp. 231-251.

5th lecture: The appearance of Nationalism within Islam Paper title Present the appearance of the Arabic and Egyptian nationalism and examine the level of political prevalencies within the Islamic world Indicative Bibliography: B. Tibbi, Arab Nationalism: Between Islam and the Nation State, (MacMillan Press, 1997). P.J. Vatikiotis, Islam and the State, (Routldge, 1991) 6th lecture: Saudi Arabia Paper title Saudi Arabia: A nation state with strong religious convictions or a religious state with loose ethnic ties? Indicative Bibliography: J. Kostiner, The Making of Saudi Arabia, 1916-1936: From Chieftaincy to Monarchical State, Oxford University Press, 1993). D. Champion, The Paradoxical Kingdom: Saudi Arabia and the Momentum of Reform, (C. Hurst & Co., 2003). 7th lecture: Pakistan Paper title What are the main political problems that threaten the domestic stability of Pakistan? Indicative Bibliography: S. P. Cohen, The Nation and the State of Pakistan, The Washington Quarterly Volume 25, Number 3, Summer 2002, pp. 109-122. L. Ziring, From Islamic Republic to Islamic State in Pakistan, Asian Survey, Vol. 24, No. 9 (Sep., 1984), pp. 931-946 8th lecture: Iran Paper title What the current relations of Iran with the U.S., Russia, and China? Indicative Bibliography: R.K. Ramazani, Iran's Foreign Policy: Both North and South, Middle East Journal, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Summer, 1992), pp. 393-412 M. Hashem Pesaran, The Iranian Foreign Exchange Policy and the Black Market for Dollars, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Feb., 1992), pp. 101-125 9th lecture: Egypt Paper title Examine the relations between Egypt and Israel D. J. Sullivan & S. Abed-Kotob, Islam in Contemporary Egypt: Civil Society vs. the State, (Lynne Rienner, 1999). Malika Zeghal, Religion and Politics in Egypt: The Ulema of al-Azhar, Radical Islam, and the State (1952-94), International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Aug., 1999), pp. 371-399 10th lecture: Islamic alternatives Paper title What is the influence of Muslim brotherhood in Islamic evolution? M. K. Shadid, The Muslim Brotherhood Movement in the West Bank and Gaza,

Third World Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 2, Islam & Politics (Apr., 1988), pp. 658682 J. Walsh, Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood: Understanding Centrist Islam, Harvard International Review, 2003, vol. 23.

11th lecture: Libya Paper title What is Qaddafis influence in Libyan Islamic status? D. Vandewalle, Libya Since Independence, (I.B. Tauris, 1998). L. Craig Harris, Libya: Quadhafi's Revolution and the Modern State, (Westview Press, 1986). 12th lecture: The future of Islam Paper title What are the future prospects of Islam regarding its relations with the Western world? G.E. Fuller, The Future of Political Islam, Foreign Affairs, 2002, vol. 81, no.2, pp. 48-60. 13th lecture: Final Review