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This is a masterpiece of engineering.

A work of art that flies down the road at 470 kilometers per hour; it is part airplane, part automobile. A rare combination of sculpture and speed, only 300 were ever built, base price without option is 1,700,000$. An extreme price for a car that pushes to the extreme in every direction. This is the Bugatti Veyron EB 16.4 and is unlike any car ever made. Nothing about this car is ordinary. The engine cracks out 1001 horsepower which is nearly twice as much as other super sports car. It has a top speed of 407 kilometers per hour; few super cars can even come close to it. The Bugatti Veyron is a super duper car. The Veyrons brake is manufactured from the same company that makes breaks for jumbo jet. The car is equipped with a light speed sensor that precisely controls its own wing. A wing that helps keep the Veyron underground because the car goes faster than a jet taking off. This is a car that requires aerospace expertise working with automobile engineering to build. The father of Bugatti is Ettore Bugatti. He was born into an artist's family, in Milan, Italy, on September 15th, 1881. His father, Carlo Bugatti, was a famous sculptor and respected artistic carpenter in his own right. His furniture creations, which were marked by Arabic influences, were prized well beyond the borders of Italy. He built extremely high performance cars from 1909 to 1947. Bugatti came back to life in 1998 when Volkswagen bought the right to the brand. Two years later, a decision was made to build something extraordinary; a car that will have 1001 horsepower. The very first challenge of building a Bugatti Veyron is monumental. How do you build an engine with 1001 horsepower? An engine with 5 times the power of normal car. Even more incredible, how do you give such a powerful engine to two very different personality, one is a beast on the race track and another one is a gentle giant can be driven around town every day. It took the engineer 5 years to find the answer. The Veyrons engine was built in Salzgitter, Germany. Salzgitter is one of the biggest engines producing plant in the world. In a very small corner of this engine plant, 8 specialists built the W16 for the Bugatti Veyron. The material that was used to make the engine is titanium; a material that you would expect to find in an airplane or aircraft. The engine features an 8.0 liters, quad-turbocharged, W16 cylinder engine, equivalent to two narrow-angle V8 engines. Each cylinder has four valves for a total of sixty four, but the narrow staggered V8 configuration allows two overhead camshafts to drive two banks of cylinders so only four camshafts are needed. The engine is fed by four turbo charges and displaces 7,993 cubic centimeters with a square 86 by 86 mm bore and stroke. It takes up to four weeks to assemble one engine. Building a Veyron engine

pushed technology to the limit. Testing it proved to be even harder. In 2001, the specialists ran the engine for the first time; no one really knew what would happen. In the end, the engine successfully accelerated to 1001 horsepower but the number of 1001 horse power isnt really true, the engine actually produced 3000 horsepower and 66.7% of the energy is heat. When the engine first runs at full power, it really burns down the whole building. The waste energy from running the 16.4 liters engine at full whack could heat 10 family homes in the winter. The solution to reduce the heat is to redesign the cars exhaust system by using a tested technology. The exhaust system is made by titanium. On the other hand, they also need to reduce the heat generated inside the engine. Finally, they designed a really extreme cooling system. The Bugatti Veyron had a total of ten radiators and each radiator took 15 hours to build. The next challenge for Bugatti engineers is critical. How do they make a Veyron one of the fastest shifting cars in the world? This required an ultimate transmission never built before. A 7-speed Dual Clutch Transmission (DCT) system developed for the 406km/h, 1001 bhp Bugatti Veyron sportscar is built in December, 6, 2005. The Veyron has two transmission built into one. They called it a double clutch transmission. It combines the dynamic advantages of a manual gearbox with the convenience of an automatic to an as yet unparalleled level of perfection. One significant differentiation criteria compared to the classic automatic gearbox is that no torque converter is used as a moving-off element. Instead, the gearbox has a twin clutch that is composed of two wet-running multi-disc clutches. Basically, the car can accelerate at first gear and already has the next gear ready to go. Even the Bugatti engineers are impressive at how fast the car accelerates. It can accelerate to 100 kilometers in 2.4 seconds. This kind of incredible acceleration leads to the next challenge. The Bugatti Veyron will need the most powerful brake ever built for a street legal production car. The Veyron has a massive disk brake made from high tech carbon, ceramic and titanium. Each disk brake is handmade by experts in a small town located in Germany. The brake system guarantees consistently high friction values and optimum cooling. Intelligent carbon-ceramic brake discs with interior ventilation, eight-piston monoblock caliper units in the front, and six-piston caliper units in the rear ensure the necessary driving agility on par with professional racecars. The rear spoiler serves as an additional air brake at speeds beyond 200 km/h. Activated by the brake pedal, the spoiler shoots up and is deployed at a 55-degree angle in less than 0.4 seconds. Tests including repeated follow-up brake maneuvers have shown this brake system to be not only the most powerful, but also

the most reliable and durable ever built into a serial production vehicle. It boasts deceleration values of up to 1.3 g, with an additional 0.6 g support by the rear spoiler. Even during full braking maneuvers at top velocities, these brakes wont give. Brake fade, the much feared performance reduction after repeated application of the brakes e.g. during long downhill drives is virtually impossible. There is another amazing fact about the Bugattis breaking system. The sports car exploits the full range of available technological potential to allow for ultra-fast deceleration. It takes less than 5 seconds to get from 0 to 100 km and back to a complete standstill. In theory, that is, for such a feat would require the driver to react with nearly superhuman speed. The whole braking process takes no more than 31.4 meters or 2.3 seconds that is less than the car needs to get from 0 to 100 km. And even the 400-to-0-km/h deceleration is a matter of less than 10 seconds. Until the Veyron, no one has ever made a production car tire that can be used at the speed of 407km/h. Without finding a way to make the tire, the Bugatti Veyron will never hit its target- a top speed of 407km/h. One of the key parts of building a Bugatti Veyron will be something most people take for granted but not Bugatti. The tires will be developing in the Michelin test facility outside the French town of Claymon Feron. Basically Michelin offers two different designs, one for the road, and one for the track but the Bugattis tires can do both. As a result, they need to develop and design brand new kinds of tires to meet the extreme requirement of Bugatti Veyron. The width of the tires is 14.5 inches which is twice as much as a normal cars tires. They made Veyrons tires by rolling multiple layers of rubber on a drum. Each layer of the tire must be perfectly aligned and then they will check it by using a microscope. A set of Veyrons tires last about 9656km and a set of replacement tires cost 17.000 US dollars. The tires are tested by a tire torture machine created by Michelin. The machine will reproduce every possible force and condition that the Veyrons tires will faced on the track or road. The torture machine shows that they can safely run at 442km/h which is 41km/h faster than a car. Eventually, the ultimate testing is done outside. The Veyrons are ship from Chteau Saint Jean in Molsheim, Alsace, France. This is where they build the Bugatti Veyron. In September 2005, Bugatti opened a brand new workshop in Molsheim, France. This is not a typical car factory. It is a unique place where 17 specialists assemble the Bugatti Veyron by hand. They build the car, the way they build an airplane. First they move real farm complete with its wing strut in a position to combine it with engine. Now that the car is in 3 different sections front, middle and engine, these are slowly push together by hand. These parts are connected

by only 14 bolts. Single bolts cost 1 hundred dollar and are made of titanium. It takes 4 5 weeks to assemble whole car from beginning to finish and polishing. Each of the finished Veyron will be road tested. Some are the only tracks in the world where the Bugatti runs its Veyron to the top speed of 407km/h. The test facility is one of the most secret automobile tested facilities; what happens there remained there. Inside the gates, sits 96km of private road. At 407km/h, the Veyron covered more ground than a NFL football field in one second which is more than 6km in a minute. At max power, its turbo charger sucks in the same amount of air in one minute that the driver will use to breathe for four days. At top speed, the Veyrons 102 liters fuel tank runs out in 12 minutes. The car could actually go as fast as 418km/h but its computer limits it to 407km/h. The above problem might occur. Each car will be tested for 500km to find out every deflect part. After final road tests it is sent to the light tunnel. Here, each car is inspected and polished for at least two full days. Finally each Bugatti Veyron is wrapped inside the protective cover for shipment for customers around the world. To conclude, The Bugatti Veyron 16.4, viewed from the perspective of engineering, beauty or luxury is one of the greatest milestones in automobile history and is truly a mechanical masterpiece.