. . , , , .


wall talk
. . , , , . ∞
, ¸ · , . ¸ . . ƒ , . Ÿ . . ¸ , ·
, , . ƒ ·
wall talk
graffiti of the egyptian revolution
zeitouna
©2012 Zeitouna
ISBN 977 5864 18 6
Dar el Kutub 14896/2012
admin@zeitouna.com
Printed in Egypt
Cover: Revolution
photo Maya Gowaily
Back cover: We Haven’t Forgotten Tahrir
UWK
Courtesy Nemo
Endpapers:
Front: Fell the System
Teneen
photo Osman el Sharnoubi
Back: Free Your Voice, You People of Slaves
M.B.D.
photo S Boraïe
, , . ƒ · · · · · ©
, · , ’¸ , . ¸ . . , . s . . · · · · , · · · . ·
. , ™ ‘ . . . ¸
. ∏ ≈ . . · . . ƒ , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . , ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . · . . ∏ . ¸ . . ¸ . . . , _ . . . ¸ , ¸
, ¸ . ¸ , , . . , . . ¸
¸ . . . , . ƒ
. , . . · ’ . . . , · ¸ . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω
. . . _
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. , . . · . ∏ . , · . ¸ , . . ƒ ∂ , . . . . . . , , .
Ω ¸ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. ¸ . . . ≈
We Will Not Forget
I don’t know if I’m a revolutionary because I’m a street artist,
or if I’m a street artist because I’m a revolutionary…
I prefer the second; I like them both. Revolution and art…
Omar Mostafa
’ . ¸ . ¸ . s . . . . · ¸ ’ . ¸ · . . , . . . , ¸ Ω · . . , . . . , ¸ ’ . ¸ . . · ¸
. · † . π . . . , · , . . ’¸ . . _ . . ƒ , . , . . ¸
. . ¸ . . . . . ≈
≤ . , . . . ∂ . . . . . ≈ , , . . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . , ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . , s ·
. . , ¸ . . . . · • . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸ • . , , . . , ƒ ‘ •
. . ¸ s . . π • . . . , . s . , • , · π . . . ¸ … • , , . ¸
. ¸ . , , • . . . . , . ≤ ∏ . ¸ • . . · . ¸ . , , • . . . . , . •
. , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π • . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. , ƒ . , . ¸ ¸ . . . · . . … . ƒ . ¸
¸ , . · . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . . . , . . ∏ ·
¸ , . · s . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸
– ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Forewords by Malek Mostafa and Rasha Azab
Photography by Maya Gowaily
With contributions from
Maggie Osama • Osman el Sharnoubi • Pierre Sioufi •
Omar Kamel • Sarah Carr • Waiel Ashry • Gigi Ibrahim
• Hashem el Kelesh • Menna Ibrahim • Hend Kheera •
Tara Todras-Whitehill • Sherif Boraïe
Timeline compiled by Fadi Awad
Captions translated by Khalid Abdalla
Translated by Katharine Halls
Edited by Sherif Boraïe
– , ˘ ˘ ˘ · , . . ˘ ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ ¸ s ˘ ˘ ˘ π · ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ¸ · ˘ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . , ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , , ˘ ˘ ¸
, ’ . . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ˘ , , , · ˘ . ˘ , ˘ , ’ . . ˘ . , . ˘ .
. s . . ¸ . , ¸ ¸ . . , . s ¸ … . . . . . , . . , . ƒ . s , , . , ¸ ¸ s ¸ , ·
. ∏ , π . . . . , . . . , . . . , , . . , ƒ ‘ . , s π ’ . . . · . . . . , ¸
. . . . . , ‘ . , . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸
, . . ¸ . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ · . . ˘ , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ · ∫
› . ƒ . · .

. . ¸

, ¸ . / g r o . n e e r i s o m / / : p t t h
. . . . . ¸ , ¸ . s . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . · . . . , . . , ƒ ∑ . . ¸ . . . , . . . , . , ƒ , ∏ ¸
t p y g E i t i f f a r G / m o c . k o o b e c a f . w w w / / : p t t h
With gratitude to all the graffiti artists; to the
photographers and friends who generously
contributed their time and work; to Adham Bakry,
Hend Kheera, Nemo and Kiro; to Karima Khalil, Sarah
el Deeb and Pierre Sioufi; and to the many friends who
helped locate graffiti.
Profits from this edition will support the work of
revolutionary youth through the Mosireen collective.
http://mosireen.org/
Based on the Facebook page created by Maya Gowaily.
http://www.facebook.com/GraffitiEgypt
Welcome to Our Revolution
Malek Mostafa
I've always thought that Teneen's mural of soldiers
facing a king, a queen and a bishop best sums up the
condition of our revolution, in which none of us is
leader but all of us are soldiers in battle.
Do you think that when you let go of your self, you
become less of a person?
Welcome to our revolution, where no-one is a god and
no-one follower, no superiors and no subordinates.
Welcome to our revolution.
When we were in Wing 1B, Fawzi told me that he and
I were soldiers, not officers, and that the enemy was
the officers, whom no soldiers wanted to fight for.
Welcome to our revolution.
Do you think that when you relinquish your dreams of
leadership and greatness, you’d be lost?
We weren’t leaders and we never dreamed of being
leaders; only the defeated among us chased after that.
They made their deals and prostrated themselves. They
didn't believe it was a revolution. Their defeatism was
stronger than their faith. They chased after illusory
schemes that would transform them into 'leaders of
the struggle' and 'front lines of the vanguard'. Those
who sought advancement fell, and those who stood
fast believed in victory and in the revolution.
Welcome to our revolution.
It's the same perpetual bewilderment between faith
and unbelief, action and inertia, perseverance and
despair; as always, victory will come only to the
believers, to the dreamers, to those willing to bare their
breast to the fire, not to die but to prevail with their
bodies and remain steadfast.
Welcome to our revolution.
Its soldiers are not seen, only the boasters, the liars, the
pimps who drag it to the highest bidder. The soldiers
bide their time, waiting to reclaim it from its enemies
and its opportunists.
“Say, ‘Then wait: I am amongst you waiting.’"
(Qur'an 10:102)
- ·
. · . s , ‘ . ƒ , . .
. . . ∂ . . . . . ≈
. . ≤ . ¸ . · . . , , . , , · · . _ . . . . . s ¸ . ≤ . . π , , , ¸ , . ∏ ∂ , · , π
. ¸ . . . , , ’ · † . π ◊ . ∫ . ƒ , . . . . ¸ ⁄ , s ¸ … . . . · . · . . π
s ∏ . . , . ƒ . ‘ Ÿ . ¸ s ·
. . ≤ . ∂ . , . . . . . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . ∂ . . . s ƒ , . . . . . . · π ·
. · . s , ‘ . ƒ , . . . . ¸ ⁄ , s ¸ … . . . · , , . ¸ . , . , ⁄ , s ¸ . . .
. . . . , ⁄ , s ¸ . . . ∑ . ∏ ≈ , . ≈
. · . s , ‘ . ƒ , . .
. , ¸ · · ƒ , … . . , . . . s . . . . π . . , · ¸ . ¸ , . ƒ . . . . s ¸
, . . . . . . . , . . . . , , . . . , . . , . • . · . . . . s ¸
. · . s , ‘ . ƒ , . .
. . ≤ . . _ . . ∏ ≈ . ¸ , . . Ω . ≤ , . . . , . . . . · ∂ · . † . , ™ ·
⁄ s ¸ · . . . . , ⁄ . ∏ , , s ƒ , · . . . . · ≤ . Ÿ , ¸ , . ƒ , . .

. . . . ƒ
, , . . . ∂ · . ≤ . , . . . ≤ . , , , ƒ . . , . . . . , , ⁄ , . . . · ƒ , .
. ƒ , . ’ , ¸ Ω s . , s , . ¸ ’ , . , . . . ƒ , , . . , . . , ¸ , . . , ·
Œ . ∏ , , · · . . . . . . . . ∏ _ . , · . . . ƒ . , ¸ . ∏ , . , · . . ¸ , . ’ , ≤ . .
. . ≤ . , . ¸ . , . ‘ . s . · . ¸ . . ’ . . . . , , . ¸ . . . . ƒ , .
. · . s , ‘ . ƒ , . .
. , . . . ƒ . · . . · . · . _ . s . ¸ , ’ , . , . , . _ ◊ ¸ s · , . . . s ƒ , .
. _ ’ . . . . ¸ , , . ≤ . ƒ • . . , . . . . . ¸ s . . s . , . . , s ƒ , · ≤ .
. ∏ . ƒ· . . _ . . ∏ . . Ÿ _ . · ≤ . Ÿ ¸ , . . _ . . . , √ . ∏ . . , . ’ . , . ƒ ¸ . π
. , . . . . ¸ . . . . . √ , , . . . . ¸ ‘ . . . . ƒ .
. · . s , ‘ . ƒ , . .
ı . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ . . , . . . . ¸ . . , . . . . , s . . . ƒ . . , . . . . ƒ . . , . ¸ , , .
, , . . ∏ ≈ . ¸ , . , . . . ¸ …
. , . . . . . s ¸ . . . . . . ¸ , , . , . . ¸ . , . . . ¸ . . . . . , . . , . . , , .
· , · π · . . . ¸ , · .¸ ¸ . . s , . ¸ Ÿ . . . ¸ , ¸ .
· ·
Liberate the Walls, Liberate Yourselves
Rasha Azab
We are told that walls are deaf and pitiless. We are told
that walls block out the light. These walls kill dreams
with cold precision and stop even time in its tracks. We
are told what we are told, but we've seen other walls.
Our walls… Our newspapers, which aren't sleazy
tabloids… Our screens, which don't lie… Our voice,
which is not defeated. Sitting on our walls, we drink
our wine, which is without sin. At their foot, we make
love from dusk till dawn.
We aren't afraid of walls. Within them, we share our
secrets, and upon them we emblazon what is
permitted and what is prohibited. We don't fear the
walls behind which we hide our treasures and our
thoughts, the walls upon which we raise our banners
aloft.
We do not fear walls. Perhaps it is the walls who are
afraid – afraid of colours and brushes after so many
years of loneliness, nothing gracing their surfaces but
idiotic notices and military orders: PHOTOGRAPHY
PROHIBITED. But the walls have become noble friends.
Now they bear the image of 'The Mother' and her
silent wail, the face of 'The Living Martyr', the gun of
'The People's Hero', and the body of the one 'Killed in
The Cell'. Maxims of the determined – beyond words,
beyond momentary crises. The ones who only came for
the battles, and the ones who, in death, long for
another life.
We never asked: were you injured? How many bullets
did your steadfast body last? What did the tear gas do
to your arteries and your veins? You don't leave your
place, you don't run away, you don't hide when the
fighting breaks out. But what if we all leave you alone
in the battle… How alone you are.
They're like you and more. Steady. Standing on the
front lines of the fighting, never running away.
Bursting out of the prisons of their own bodies. That's
the difference between you and them: they liberated
themselves from their bodies, but you remain a witness
to the massacre and the map. A witness to the killer
and the martyr. A witness to consciousness and
5 ·
. ¸ , , . . , , . ¸ , , . . . s ,
, . . . . ¸ ¸
· , π . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω . . , , . . . . . · , π . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω . . , ,
≤ ∞ · ≈ , , · . † . ƒ . . . ∏ , ≥ · , π . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω . . √ . . , ,
≤ . π ’ . · Ω . , , . , . , . . ¸ . ¸ . . . ◊ . , . · , π . . · , π .
. s . . . . . . . . . , . , , . ¸ ¸
, . , . . . . . . . . . . , . . . ¸ . . . . . . . . . . . , s . . . · . . ƒ . .
. . ¸ ’ , , ¸ Ω
, . , . . . . ¸ ¸ · ƒ · , . . . ¸ . . . , fi ¸ Ω ‰ . , . ¸ . . . . . . , . . · ≈
, ∫ . ∏ , π . . ≈ . . ∏ ™ . . . ¸
. ¸ ’ . . . . . , . ≤ . , . . . . · , · . . ¸ . , , . . . . . . ∏ , · . ¸ Ω
, Ÿ . . ¸ , ¸ ’ . . . . . , . . ¸ , . . . . . · , · . , , . · , . . s ¸ .
, , · . . . · ƒ · · . ¸ , ·
. ¸ ’ , . ¸ . . , , . . . ƒ . . ¸ s . , , , . ¸ ’ . ƒ , , . . ¸ . . . .
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . . , s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · ’ , . . ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ · ,
. . . ∏ , . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · · ‡ . ƒ ¸ ’ · ¸ ¸ , . . . . ƒ , ¸ . . s . · ’ ,
. . . , ≥ s ¸ ,
. ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ π · ’ Ω . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . Ÿ s ˘ . ˘ ƒ Ω , , ˘ · · . . . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ . ◊ ≈ .
, . ˘ . ˘ . · ˘ , ˘ · · . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ π . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ≈ . , , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , · · ˘ . ˘ , ˘ π . ˘ ¸ ˘ ¸ ˘ · . , . , . , ¸
. ¸ . † . _ · ƒ ¸ . s ∏ . . ¸ · ƒ ¸ ’ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ . . . , ∑
, . . , ¸ , . . . , ƒ , · ≈ Ÿ ƒ ¸ . , . . . ¸ ¸
⁄ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ · , ˘ ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ π . . ˘ ˘ ˘ , . · s ˘ ˘ , , . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . . . , . . ˘ ˘ . ∑
. . . . . . · , . . . · . π . . . , . . . ¸ , , . ∂ , , , . ∂ · . ’ , . , ¸
. s . ∂ , ’ , ¸ ¸ , ’ . . , ¸ · ≈ ◊ . . ¸ Ÿ ƒ , , · , . . ¸ s ∂
s ∏ . . , . π · ≈ Ÿ ƒ , , · , . . ∑ s , s . . , . . ∑
. , . . ∏ ∂ , s ¸ . . . . ƒ , , · . ƒ , . . . . . , . Ÿ ƒ , , · ’ , ¸ ’
, , ¸ . ƒ , , . . · . ƒ , . ≤ ƒ . . ∏ . ¸ , _ . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . , . . . ƒ
. . ¸ ¸ . , . ∂ , . , . , , · , , – ¸ , , . ¸ , . . . . . , , ’ ¸ ∫ .
. ·
unconsciousness. The bullets, the stones, the tear gas
canisters, the molotovs. We have freed ourselves, but
you are still in your place. So many walls have been
imprisoned by civilisation, government, weapons. But
we freed our walls, because they are like us. Liberate
the walls… Liberate yourselves.
· ·
Overleaf:
Enjoy the Revolution
April 2011
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . Ÿ . . . · , . ¸ , . · . . . . . . ≤ . π , . . . , , . . . . . . . ƒ . ≈
, . . , , ƒ . · . ¸ . . . . ¸ , ◊ . ¸ , . ≤ . . . π , Ÿ ƒ . . ƒ . . ≤ . – ¸ , .
, . s . ∂ ’ , . . · ≈ . s . ∂ , s , . ¸ , . , , . . . . . . , , . . ·
◊ † . . , . , . ƒ , , . , . . . · ¸ . s . . . . ¸ , . , . , . . ’ , . . . , , . .
. ¸ , , . . , , . ¸ , , . . . s ,
· ·
. . . . . √
. , . ¸ . . ƒ , .
. ¸ , π · · · ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . , ƒ , ∏ ¸
· ·
January 2011
January 1
In the first hour of the new year, an explosion in front of
Saints' Church, Alexandria, kills 21 people and injures 90.
January 14
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali flees Tunisia.
January 17
A restaurant owner sets himself alight in front of the
gates of the People's Assembly building in protest at
his ration of subsidised bread, and in Alexandria a
youth unable to find a job hangs himself in despair.
January 25
Huge numbers of Egyptians respond to calls by the
Facebook page 'We are all Khaled Said' to sabotage
National Police Day. Demonstrations erupt across Cairo
and Giza, heading for Tahrir Square. Protests also take
place in Suez, Ismailiya, Alexandria, Mansoura, Tanta
and Aswan.
Interior Minister Habib al-Adly blames demonstrations on
the banned Muslim Brotherhood, who deny responsibility.
Mobile phone networks are cut off in the vicinity of
Tahrir Square.
At six in the evening, demonstrators gather around a fire
lit by the Ultras at the entrance to Qasr al-Aini street,
united under the slogans “The people want the fall of
the regime” and “Bread, freedom, human dignity”.
A state of quiet anticipation pervades the square until
midnight, when police attack demonstrators with
water hoses and tear gas.
The protesters disperse into small groups roaming the
streets of downtown Cairo, forming demonstrations
which move about the city until daybreak.
The first martyrs of the Egyptian revolution fall in Suez.
January 26
Police clash with thousands of protestors who refuse to
leave Tahrir Square, and the Interior Ministry arrests
500 people over the course of two days.
Protests continue in Cairo and become fiercer in Suez,
where the revolutionaries are joined by Sheikh Hafiz
Salama, leader of the popular resistance in Suez during
the 1973 October War.
January 27
Demonstrations continue throughout the country as
hundreds are arrested, including 20 members of the
Muslim Brotherhood and activist Wael Ghonim.
Mohamed ElBaradei returns to Cairo to join the protests.
· ·
, . . , ¸ · · · ·
· , . . , ¸
‘ . . . . . · ’ , ¸ . ¸ . . . Ω . . , . . . . . , . . Ω s . , . . · . ≤ . , . . _
. . ’¸ . . s . . , , · . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . ¸ ¸ · · . . . . . . , ¸ . . . . · · ·
. . . . ¸ . . . . , , · ‘ . . , † . , s ¸ . ¸ · · · . · · . ƒ . ¸ . . .
. . . · . , · , . ≤ . . . . ¸ . . . , . . s . , . . · . ≤ . , . . _
. · , . . , ¸
. ¸ , ¸ , , ¸ . . . . . , ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ¸ . ¸ ƒ . ¸
· · , . . , ¸
. . . . . . . . , , . . . π . . . , ‘ . . . . √ . . Ω . ƒ . · › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . . · . ¸ . , ¸ Ÿ . . , . , . . . ¸ . . s . . , … , . . . ¸
. . . ≤ . . . . , . . . · . ¸ ◊ . . ƒ ∫ . ∏ ≈ . . π
- · , . . , ¸
. . . s , , . . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ , _ . . . . , . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . · . . , . . , ƒ ∑
· s ∏ . . . . . . . . . , . . ’¸ · . . . . , ƒ Ω . , . . . . ¸ . · . . . . Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ ‘
. ≤ . . ¸ . , . , ¸ . . . . , · ¸ ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . ƒ . . s ¸ , ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸
, ’ . . . . . , ∏ , · , ’¸ . . s . . , , · , Ÿ . . . ƒ , . , . . . . , . . ƒ ,
. . . . . , . ¸ . ¸ , · . . . · . . . . . , · ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ‘ . . . , ¸ . , . π . . .
. , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ Ÿ , . . . . _ . . . . . . . , . . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ .
, , , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ .

˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ ƒ , Ÿ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . _ · . . ˘ ƒ , . .
Ÿ . . . ƒ . , · . ¸ Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ . , . . . . · . . ¸
· . ™ ¸ , . . . ∫ . . , s . ¸ . , ƒ ∞ . . ƒ . · ‘ . . . ≤ · . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
‘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . . . ˘ ˘ · . . . ˘ ˘ . . . Œ . ˘ ˘ ™ Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , , . ˘ ƒ ∫ ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ .
’ . ¸ . ¸ ‘ . . . π . . . , ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . , . ¸ . ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
, . ∏ . ƒ , . . . . , . ƒ .

. · . . . . . , ¸ , . ¸ . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω . . , · . , . ¸ .
. ¸ , · . s ¸ . · ¸ . . . , · .
. . , . , . . . . ¸ , ¸ · . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ≈ . . . . . ∞ . ∏ , π
. _ . . ¸ · ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ . · ‘ . , . ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ . , ,
Ÿ . . , · . . . π . . . ,
- ·
The Muslim Brotherhood announce their intention to
join the following day's demonstrations, whilst Salafis
leader Yassir al-Burhami states that he will not take
part.
In the evening, the government shuts down Facebook
and Twitter, and then, after midnight, shuts down the
internet completely. Meanwhile, security forces in most
Egyptian cities prepare for the following day.
January 28
Despite the closure of mobile phone networks and the
internet to prevent the organisation of protests,
hundreds of thousands of people flood out of mosques
after prayers on the 'Friday of Rage' and head for Tahrir
Square. The same happens in Alexandria, Suez,
Mansoura, Ismailiya, Damietta, Fayoum, Damanhur,
Zagazig, Port Said and North Sinai governorate.
Over 800 people are martyred and over a thousand
more injured across the country. Alexandria is hardest
hit, with 87 dead, followed by Suez, with 13.
Having failed to deter protestors, the police withdraw
from Qasr al-Nil bridge in Cairo. Demonstrators gain
control of Alexandria and Suez and burn local National
Democratic Party headquarters and police stations until
Hosni Mubarak, in his role as military commander,
announces a curfew in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez
from 6pm until 7am. Tanks roll into the streets to
maintain security and are welcomed by protestors who
see the army as neutral. The slogan “The army and the
people are one hand” appears for the first time.
Shortly after midnight, Mubarak delivers a speech to
the Egyptian people in which he dismisses the
government, seemingly unaware that he himself is the
target of the revolutionaries' anger.
January 29
Flouting the curfew, demonstrators pour into Tahrir
Square in the early hours of the morning to demand
Mubarak's resignation, and violent clashes with police
take place in front of the Interior Ministry building,
where three people are martyred and scores more
injured. The military intervene with armoured vehicles
and take control of the situation.
Mubarak appoints Omar Suleiman, intelligence chief
and close ally, as his first-ever vice-president, and
assigns former Civil Aviation Minister and Commander
of the Air Force Ahmed Shafik the task of forming a
new government.
From Berlin, the German, French and British leaders
express their concern at the situation in Egypt, and
· ·
. ¸

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- ·
Britain and the USA advise their citizens to leave.
A sense of chaos sweeps the country after the police
withdrawal and news of uprisings in the prisons of Abu
Zaabal, Tora, Fayoum, and Qata. General Mohammed
Al Batran of the Prison Authority is martyred in Qata,
and Habib al-Adly and his officers are subsequently
accused of his murder. Al Batran is understood to have
disobeyed orders to release prisoners – orders by the
Interior Minister in a deliberate attempt to cause chaos.
Young people form Popular Committees to protect
property and maintain security in the streets.
Egyptian television announces extension of the curfew,
which will henceforth last from 4pm until 8am.
Bedouin blow up the local State Security headquarters in
al-Arish, Sinai, killing one person and wounding twelve.
Egyptian television announces the resignation of
Ahmed Ezz, member of the National Democratic
Party's policies secretariat.
January 30
Around 250 000 protestors remain in Tahrir Square.
F16 aircraft fly overhead at low altitudes, prompting
the chant “Hosni's gone crazy!”.
ElBaradei, in Tahrir Square, demands that the regime
leave and calls for a new Egypt.
Calls for Mubarak to step down are growing in
number, both within Egypt and abroad, and US
statements call upon the Egyptian government to
respond to the demands of the people.
Egyptians are urged by demonstrators in Tahrir Square
to take part in the first million-strong demonstration to
topple Mubarak.
Israel asks for the global biased rhetoric against Mubarak
to be moderated, countering that he has proved himself
capable of maintaining peace in the region.
The internet is still experiencing shutdowns, and
opposition television channels, including Al Jazeera,
are taken off air. Meanwhile, six Al Jazeera editors are
arrested and later released.
January 31
Military spokesperson General Ismail Etman promises
that the army will not use force against demonstrators,
and vows to protect the right to freedom of expression
of all those using peaceful means.
The new cabinet, headed by Ahmed Shafik, is sworn in.
Omar Suleiman announces that Mubarak has
entrusted him with the task of beginning a dialogue
with a range of political players on the issue of
constitutional and legislative reform.
. ·
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. , . , ∑ , . ,

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¸ ¸
. . . . . · . . , . .

.
· ·
Thousands of demonstrators in Tahrir Square demand
the President's resignation.
Trains across the country are at a standstill.
Complaints about the internet blackout continue,
whilst Al Jazeera announces that it is experiencing an
unprecedented level of difficulty in broadcasting.
· ·
. . . . ¸ . . , . . , . . . , . . ¸ , , . ≤ ¸ . , . , . , . . . . ¸ . . , . · ‘
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· , , . ∞ . . ƒ , · . . . . ¸ Œ .

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fi ¸ , , , . s . , · . · , † ¸ . ∏ , , , ‘ , · . . . . . ≥
· - , . . , ¸
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. s π Ÿ ƒ . . _ . . , ¸ , . . . . . . ƒ , . ƒ . . . · π . . . ∏ . , ·
◊ s ƒ . · . . , . . . ¸ · . . . · . . . . . . , ≥ ƒ· . … . , . _ . . . . . ƒ , , ·
. . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . , . , ∑ s ∏ . · . , . . . ƒ , . ™ s π . ≤ ƒ ¸
. . . , . . . , · . . . . , ¸ . . · . . ¸ . . . . ƒ , , · , . . ¸ , . , ·
’ . . . . _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , ƒ , . . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸
ƒ · ∞ . ¸ s · . ≤ . . , ¸ ‘ . , · .
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¸ , . π
. . . _
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
– , . . . ƒ , .
. , . , . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ . . Ÿ , . . . . _
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
Vive La Révolution
Mustafa Mahmoud Square
Mohandiseen
photo: Sarah Carr
Leave
Teneen
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· ·
, . π . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω
. . . _
. . . , ¸ . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
’ . ∏ . . . . .
. . . , ¸ . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
No to Corruption
Talaat Harb Street
Downtown
photo: Sarah Carr
Leave
Fell the System
Teneen
Talaat Harb Street,
Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· -
. , . , ∑ , . . ¸ . ¸ _ . . . . . , . · . ∏ , . .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
’ Ÿ , . , ∑ · - . . . · . . ¸ · ·
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
No Mubarak
30 Years of Theft
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Sarah Carr
Mubarak You Set Your
Convicts On Us
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· -
- -
February 2011
February 1
Tahrir Square overflows with demonstrators calling for
Mubarak's resignation in the biggest million-strong
protest yet.
In his speech, Mubarak asks the people to choose
between chaos and stability. He refuses to leave
immediately, but promises a peaceful transition of
power and declares that he does not intend to stand
for another term in office. He asks parliament to
discuss articles 76 and 77 of the constitution, pledges
an inquiry into the causes of the recent security lapse,
and declares that he was born and shall die on
Egyptian soil. The revolution rejects Mubarak's speech
and demands his immediate departure.
US special envoy Frank Wisner meets with Mubarak.
Google develops a voice-to-tweet service to help
Egyptians circumvent internet shutdowns.
February 2
Crowds gather in Tahrir Square for the ninth
consecutive day in response to calls for another million-
strong march to reject Mubarak's speech.
Pro-Mubarak groups appear for the first time since the
outbreak of the revolution in Mustafa Mahmoud
Square in Mohandiseen to demand a return to stability
and to rouse support for the President following his
recent speech. They are joined by a number of artists,
media personalities and footballers.
Hundreds of regime thugs brandishing swords, canes
and bayonets enter Tahrir square on horseback and
camelback to attack the revolutionaries. The army do
not intervene. Demonstrators capture the horses and
camels and repel the attackers to the edges of the
square, where the two sides pelt each other with rocks
in back-and-forth clashes which last until the following
morning. The centre of the square is transformed into
a field hospital packed with casualties. Later on,
Mubarak supporters positioned on the rooftops of
buildings surrounding the square hurl Molotov
cocktails and chunks of cement onto protestors, and
the Egyptian Museum building is also damaged.
Independent revolutionaries and Salafis fight in the
front lines to defend the square with their lives, later
joined by the Ultras then Muslim Brotherhood youth.
The military, claiming neutrality, refuse to intervene,
yet fire into the air to break up demonstrations.
Protestors insist the army permitted the armed thugs to
enter the square and that the attackers were police in
. -
· , , ¸ · · · ·
· · , , ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ , † ¸ . ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ ‘ s , · . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ ƒ ˘ , ˘ · . ’¸ . ˘ , ˘ . ,
. . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . , π
. . ƒ ¸ . ¸ . , ∏ . . , · . . . . . . · ¸ . . . ¸ . · . ∏ , . . ¸ . . ¸ , . . ,
. . . . . Ω ’ . . s . . , , · . . . . . , ƒ . , . . . . _
‘ . . . . · . . , . , ∑ , ¸ · † ¸ . ¸ . , π . . ƒ , … . , , ≤ ƒ ∫ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . ,
, ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , . _ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ˘ ≈ . , · ’ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ , . . , s ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ ˘ . . _ ’ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ . ∫
. . . ∏ . ¸ . ∏ . . ∏ . · , . . Ω , . · . ¸ . . _ . ƒ ’ , · . . , . . . , s ∏ ∞ . , Ÿ . ,
. . . · . . · . . , π Ÿ . . _ · · , · · . ¸ . . . . . ƒ , . , . , . . . . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘
. . . , Ÿ . . . , , _ ‘ . . . · . . ¸ ¸ ’ . . ¸ . , · . . . ¸ , . . , . ƒ ¸ ‘ . . . ¸
. . ƒ , . ¸ · † ¸ . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . . , · . . . ¸ . , π · ƒ ,
· ¸ ∂ , , ¸ ¸ . Ÿ , . ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ , s ¸ . , ∏ . ≤ ¸ . . . , ≤ · . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑
. ƒ . π . ƒ , . . . · · s ∏ , ¸ ¸ ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ . π Ÿ . . ¸ , _
· · , , ¸
◊ . . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ™ ‘ . ˘ , ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ ƒ Ω . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ ™ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ ‹
. . . . . . · . . . ƒ ¸ · Ÿ . . , . Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , · . , , · † . . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑
. ˘ ˘ ¸ , _ › . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ· , ˘ ˘ . . Ÿ , ˘ ˘ . , ∑ ‘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ≈ fi . ˘ ˘ ƒ .
. . Ÿ , . . . . _ ’ , ∫ . ¸ . . . . . ’ ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . . . . · ’ . . . ≤ ¸ , .
, · . . , . . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . . . . _ . ™ . . . . · ’ . , , . . . , s , , . . . . ¸
. . . . _ , ’¸ . · . , _ , ’ . , ¸ s ¸ . . ≤ . Ω
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . Ω . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ , ˘ ƒ . . , ˘ ƒ ∫ , . . ˘ . ∫ , . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , ,
. . . , ƒ . , . . . . ¸ , . . . . _ , . . ∏ ƒ , ¸ ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≈ . _ · ƒ ¸
. , . ¸ , , . . . , , . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ , . . , ¸ , . . s . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . , , . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈
. , ƒ . , , , . . . . , , . , , . . , ¸ ¸ . . , . Ÿ , . , . , . . . ∑ , ¸ . . ≥ . . ¸ · . ,
. . ◊ . . , . ‘ . . . , ∑ s ¸ , · ¸ . . . . ¸ ¸ . . ≈ . . , . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹ . , – ƒ ∫
· ∏ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ . . . . . . . ≈ . , . ¸ , . _ . . . ¸ . ≈ . , , . ≈ . ƒ· , . ,
. , . , ∑ ‘ , · . ’ . ≥ . . ≤ . . . π · . ƒ . ƒ ƒ . . , · . ™ . ¸ ’ . . . . . . ∏ ≈
Ÿ . . . . . _ . ¸ . . . _ . , . . , . ¸ . . , , . . . . ¸ . . † . , . . , . ≈ Ÿ . . ∞
civilian clothing, publishing photos of confiscated police
IDs and NDP membership cards on YouTube.
Health sources announce eleven dead and 1500
injured in the day's battle, many of whom remain in a
critical condition.
Subsequent investigations reveal the involvement of
senior regime figures, NDP members and businessmen
in the day's attacks on the revolutionaries, and the
event comes to be known as the 'Battle of the Camel’.
Egyptian Foreign Ministry statement rejects US and
European calls for immediate political transition.
February 3
Early in the morning, heavy sniper fire from the
direction of Abdel Moneim Riyad Square kills at least
five demonstrators in Tahrir Square, and renewed
clashes break out in the surrounding area.
Attorney General Abdel Meguid Mahmoud places a
travel ban and freezes the bank accounts of Ahmed
Ezz of the ruling National Democratic Party, former
Interior Minister Habib al-Adly, former Tourism Minister
Zuheir Garana, Housing Minister Ahmad al-Maghribi,
and a number of other regime figures.
Four thousand take to the streets in Suez to demand
Mubarak's resignation.
Fifteen are killed and 150 injured by police forces in
Damanhur prison, where prisoners are evacuated and
then fired upon as they reach the doors of the prison.
Police storm Hisham Mubarak Law Centre, a human
rights NGO, and arrest all those present.
February 4
The second million-strong demonstration to demand
the regime's resignation takes place in Tahrir Square on
what revolutionaries dub the 'Friday of Departure'. In
an unprecedented scene, Muslim worshippers perform
their Friday prayers protected by Christians and non-
religious fellow demonstrators.
Rachid Mohamed Rachid, Minister of Foreign Trade
and Industry, is banned from leaving the country.
Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik rules out the possibility
of Mubarak stepping down or handing over to his vice-
president Omar Suleiman, and claims that it is crucial
for both security and legislative reasons that the
president remain in office.
Obama calls upon Mubarak to “do the right thing”.
February 5
Huge demonstrations continue in Cairo and other cities.
The regime announces the resignation of Gamal
Mubarak and Safwat El-Sherif from the NDP executive
· -
Ÿ . . ¸ … s . , . . ƒ , . . , . . . . _ ¸ ¸ . . , . . ¸ , . . . ∏ . , ƒ , . . . . · . ¸
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. . ™ . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . _
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· . ƒ . , ƒ ¸ ¸ ’ . ƒ ¸ . , . . . . , . .¸ . · ¸ . , s . , ∞
· . . . Ω . ¸ s ¸ . . . . Ω . , . , ∑ . ∏ ≤ . ƒ , , . . ≤ . ∫ s π Ÿ . ƒ . . , ¸
. ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ ˘ , . ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ s ˘ ¸ , . ˘ . . ˘ . , ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ∫ ˘ · s ˘ . , , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ . ∫ . . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ·
. . ’ . . ¸ , . , . ¸ . .
· -
committee and the appointment of Hossam Badrawi as
secretary general.
Former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and three of his
aides are placed under house arrest.
The Egypt-Jordan gas pipeline is blown up and Israel
decides to temporarily halt Egyptian gas imports. A
security source in North Sinai claims that foreign
elements were involved in planning the explosion.
The Ministry of Health announces that eleven people
have died since the first day of the revolution; UNESCO
says the death toll throughout the country may be as
high as 300, whilst Reuters reports that it has counted
150 dead in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez alone.
Economists value the Mubarak family's wealth at
approximately 70 billion US dollars, most of which is
concentrated in British and Swiss bank accounts and
property in London, New York and Los Angeles.
A number of traditional opposition groups, including
the Muslim Brotherhood and various independent
figures, attend a national dialogue meeting with vice-
president Omar Suleiman in which it is agreed that a
committee for constitutional reform is to be formed
within months. Suleiman also agrees to work towards
ending emergency law, to form a national follow-up
committee to implement reforms, to lift restrictions on
the media and communication, and to pursue those
accused of corruption.
Revolutionaries reject the dialogue with Suleiman.
Omar Suleiman rejects calls by young revolutionaries
for Mubarak to transfer power to his vice-president.
Banks reopen after a week's closure.
Prayers for the martyrs are performed in Tahrir Square,
and Christians perform Sunday mass in the presence of
thousands of Muslims.
February 7
Demonstrators prevent the military from opening the
Tahrir Mugamma, an important administrative building
in the square.
The army announce that the curfew is to be reduced to
the new hours of 8pm – 6am.
Wael Ghonim is released along with a number of other
prisoners, and later appears on Mona el-Shazly's talk
show '10pm'. His moving appearance evokes the
sympathy and support of many Egyptians.
The Public Prosecution Office begins investigating
claims of Interior Ministry involvement in the Saints'
Church explosion, whilst Habib al-Adly accuses senior
aides of bringing about the police meltdown.
Hosni Mubarak meets with the new government. In
· -
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Ÿ . . , ¸ ‘ . . . , . , . . ¸ ’ , ∫ . ¸ .
. . ™ , . . , . fi . . , . . , . , , , ¸ . . . . , . , . . . . . . · . . . . . ≥ . ¸ . . . . ¸
, · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . . . . . . . , ≥ , . . . , . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . ∏ , , . . ∏ . . ·
. . . · , · . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . ≤ . . . , . , ∑ , · , . . . . . , Ÿ . . ¸ , . , ,
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. s . . ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ , . , _ . . . . Ω . . , , … . , . . . . . . . ∏ . ¸ ¸
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’ . . . , . s . ¸ . . . . , ƒ Ω ’ , ∫ . ∏ . ƒ , . . , . , ƒ , . . s ƒ ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . . .
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· · , , ¸
. ˘ ˘ . † ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . , . . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . , ˘ · , . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ , . . † ¸ Ÿ . . . ≤ ∏ _ Œ ¸ … . ƒ , . ™ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . · .
. ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ ˘ , . ¸ ” · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ · ˘ ≥ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ s ˘ , ˘ π . . ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ · ¸
. . . . ƒ , , · ‘ . † . ƒ , . . , ƒ , . , . . . π . ∏ ≈ ¸ , . . . . . · . . ƒ , _
· -
attendance are Vice-President Omar Suleiman, Prime
Minister Ahmed Shafik, Speaker of the People's
Assembly Fathi Sorour, Speaker of the Shoura Council
Safwat El-Sherif, and Field Marshal Tantawi, Minister of
Defence and Military Production.
The Court of Cassation distributes electoral appeals
against members of parliament for quick consideration.
President of the Court Serry Siyam says there are 1527
appeals spread over 195 electoral districts.
February 8
The second million-strong march of the 'Week of
Steadfastness' takes place, and governmental
institutions grind to a halt as thousands demonstrate in
front of the People's Assembly and Shoura Council
buildings and the Prime Minister's office.
Protestors set fire to the governorate building in Port
Said amid demonstrations by Suez Canal workers.
Strikes and sit-ins take place in numerous institutions,
including Rose al-Yousef newspaper and Egyptian
television broadcasters.
Omar Suleiman announces that steps are being taken
towards constitutional reform and warns of the
possibility of a coup.
The UN Secretary General says that a peaceful
transition of power through genuine dialogue is the
only way to end the crisis.
February 9
Demonstrations continue around Egypt.
Labour protests are on the rise. Thousands blockade
the governorate building in Kafr el-Sheikh, whilst oil
refinery workers go on strike demanding the
resignation of Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy. The
Ministry of Manpower is set alight, and uncontracted
Red Cross workers in Ramses, Cairo, block a main
street to protest the administration's refusal to
regularise their status after twenty years of work. The
strikers are joined by workers from workshops in Bulaq
and Kom Abu Radi, the Cairo Drinking Water and
Sanitation Company, Cairo Cleaning and Beautification
Agency and the Egyptian postal service.
Journalists at the Press Syndicate plan a vote of no
confidence in syndicate chief Makram Mohamed
Ahmed, who is close to the regime. Tensions come to a
head and Ahmed is thrown out of the union's offices.
At Al-Ahram newspaper, young journalists publish the
first edition of the supplement 'Tahrir Youth' in defiance
of the editorial board's anti-revolutionary stance.
Tens die at the hands of the authorities at Qata Prison,
· .
, . . s , π . . · , . . , · . ∏ . . . . . · , . . . . , . , – ¸ , ¸ , . . . · π ’¸ . · Ω
, ’ . . . ’ ¸ , . · . ≤ · Ÿ . , . _ ‘ · † . . , . . . . . . .
. . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . , ¸ · † . ƒ , ◊ ƒ , . ™ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . , , . ∏ . ƒ , . . s , π
· . · . . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , .
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ . , , ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , , . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ∞
, . ¸ , ¸ . , , ¸ · † ¸ . . ∏ . , , . ∏ ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸ . ƒ , † ¸ . . · . , . · . . . · , ·
¸ . . . . · . _ . , . ƒ ∑ . . . ¸ . · ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , ƒ . .
. . · . . . . · . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≈ , , ¸ · . . . , . . . . , . ¸
Ÿ . . , . , ƒ , · · . . ¸ ’ . . . . . † . ƒ , ’ ’ . . ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . _
· · , , ¸
Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . . ƒ , . , . ¸ . ¸ · . _ › . ™ . . . ¸ , ¸
¸ . · , . , . ¸ . ¸ ≤ . . , · ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫ . , . . , _ . ¸ . . . . . ·
. . . . . · . . . . .

¸ ¸ . . . . . · . . . . . . . · . . , . . .
’¸ · ˘ ˘ ¸ _ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , · ˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ , , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ , √ . ˘ ™ . ˘ . ˘ ≈ . . . ˘ . . ‹ ‘ . ˘ ¸ ˘ . . ˘ _
. . . . . ¸ . . . . . . . , . , . . . ∞ . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … , , . . . . ¸ , , . . ƒ ,
. . . . . , . . · Ÿ . . ¸ , · . . . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ . ¸ . , . . . ƒ· , . , · , , , . . . . ∏ , ·
. ˘ ˘ ¸ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , s ˘ ˘ . ˘ , . . ˘ · . ˘ ≤ ˘ . , . . _ . , . ˘ . ˘ . . ‹ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ , s ˘ , ˘ . , . . . ˘ . . ˘ . , ˘ ·
. . . . . . , . ‘ , , . , . . . ¸ . ·
. . . . ≈ . , . , ∑ , . . . ™ . . ◊ s ƒ . · . . , . . . . † . ¸ ’ . . . . ¸ . · , · . . ¸
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› ∏ . ¸ . . . . . , . . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞ , · , . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . ƒ , ¸ , Ÿ . . ,
. . . _ . . . . , … , , , ¸ . . · . ¸ , ’¸ . . _ ◊ ¸ . ¸
, , . . fi s . · . . ≤ † ¸ . . . ƒ , ’ . . . . , · Ÿ ≤ . . · . . . . † . . .
› ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . , · ¸ . s . · . . . ¸ . · . , . · , , . . , , · , . ¸
. s . · Ÿ . . . . . . , . . ¸ … . . , . Ω , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ , . . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ ’ . . . . . ¸
. , Ÿ . , · . . . . . · · - · . . . . . ƒ , . · . ∏ ≈ - · · . · ¸ . . . . . , ·
· · , , ¸
Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , · . . . , · ‘ · . . , ƒ ¸ . . . . ƒ . . . . ƒ , , . . ∏ ƒ , . . . , ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
, , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ’ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . Ω · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . , , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ ˘ ƒ ∫ . † . ˘ ˘ . . › ∏ . . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . .
, . . . ƒ , ¸ . , , . ∏ ≤ ƒ , . ≤ ¸ , · . . . · . ƒ , , . . . Ω . † . . . . ƒ , , . . . , . .
· .
Giza, in circumstances similar to those at Damanhur.
February 10
Demonstrations for Mubarak's resignation continue.
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces issues its
first communiqué in the absence of its president,
Mubarak.
CIA Director Leon Panetta speaks of a strong likelihood
that Mubarak will step down within hours, and
Hossam Badrawi, NDP Secretary General, says he
expects the president to respond to demonstrators'
demands before Friday, whilst Ahmed Shafik tells the
BBC that Mubarak may soon stand aside.
Mubarak delivers his third speech and astonishes
audiences by refusing to resign; instead, he transfers
power to his vice-president Omar Suleiman.
The revolutionaries in Tahrir Square raise their shoes in
the air in disgust at Mubarak's speech, and chant
“Down with Mubarak” and “Get out!”. ElBaradei
warns that the country is on the verge of 'exploding'
and calls upon the army to intervene.
In his first speech following the transfer of powers,
Omar Suleiman tells citizens to take no notice of
elements intent upon sabotage and chaos, urging
them to return to their homes, and pledges to
implement the steps agreed upon as part of the
national dialogue.
Demonstrators reject his speech and chant “We're not
leaving... It's him that has to leave” and
“Illegitimate!”.
Protests reach the Palace of the Republic and the
broadcasting and television building.
Statements from the field hospital say that incidences
of hysteria increased noticeably since the speech,
henceforth known as the 'non-resignation speech'.
General Saad Eddin el-Shazly, military chief of staff
during the October War, passes away. El-Shazly had
been marginalised throughout the Mubarak era.
February 11
On the 'Friday of the Advance', millions across the
country march on the Presidential Palace.
In SCAF's second communiqué, Mohsen El-Fangary
promises that the state of emergency will be lifted and
presidential elections held.
At six in the evening, Omar Suleiman announces that
Mubarak has handed all powers to the Supreme
Council of the Armed Forces.
General El-Fangary thanks Mubarak and performs a
military salute to the martyrs.
- .
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, . . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ …
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≤ · ¸ . . . s ¸ …
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· · , , ¸
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, . . ¸ . . . Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ . . . ƒ , · . . , . . . . . ¸ ’ ’ . . ≤ ¸ fi . · . ·
s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ¸ · ˘ ƒ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ · . s ˘ . . ∂ . . ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . ∫
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fi . . . . . . . . , . . ƒ · . · Ÿ ƒ . , · . ∏ . . . Ω , . . ƒ . · . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ , . .
, . ¸ . √ . ¸ . ≤ ¸ . . ≤ . . · . , ‘ . . . , . · ’ . ¸ Ω . . . , . . . , . ¸ . ¸
. . . . . , _ . . . . ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ∏ . ≥ · . . , . ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . , , ¸ . ¸
, · † . , , . . . , . . . · ¸ . , . . . . ¸ , ¸ Ÿ . . . † . · . ∏ . ƒ , .
. . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ ¸ . ¸ Ÿ . . . . _ . ∏ ≈ , . ¸ . , . . . . ¸ . ≤ . . . . . , ¸ .
‘ . . ¸ . . , , , · . . . . ¸ . . . , ƒ ,
· · · , , ¸
ƒ . . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . . , · . ¸ . , π . , . , ∑
. , , . , ’ , ∫ . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ≈ . ∏ ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · ‘ . , . ¸ · . · . √
’ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ · , . ¸ . , . , ∑
. . , ¸ , s . . · ı . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ , · ’ . ¸ , s , · , . . . . Ω . . , , … ’ . _
. . . Ω . ∏ . ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ . . , ≤ ¸ . ¸ , . . . . . . , ≥ , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , .
, . ∏ . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . ∫ . . ¸ . , . , ∑
· .
There is joy and dancing in the streets until the
morning. Sexual harassment returns to Tahrir Square.
February 12
The country celebrates, and the Tahrir protestors begin
to clean up after the long sit-in. Al-Ahram’s headline
reads: 'The people have toppled the regime'.
February 13
The Military Council announce that parliament is
dissolved, that Ahmed Shafik's government and all
regional governors remain in place, and that all
international agreements will be adhered to.
Members of the police demonstrate for better wages
and an end to accusations of violence and torture.
February 14
Field Marshal Tantawi appoints a committee headed by
Judge Tarek El-Bishry to draft constitutional amendments
within ten days. The make-up of the committee is clearly
biased towards the Muslim Brotherhood.
Representatives of the revolutionaries meet with the
SCAF for the first time, demanding the dissolution of
the NDP and the formation of a new government.
February 15
The Muslim Brotherhood announce their intention to
form a political party.
February 16
Mohamed ElBaradei cautions against haste and calls
for a presidential council to be formed.
February 17
Habib al-Adly, Ahmad al-Maghribi, Zuheir Garana and
Ahmed Ezz are arrested.
Amnesty International releases its first statement
concerning the use of torture in military prisons.
February 18
Millions gather in Tahrir Square to celebrate the 'Friday
of Victory'.
February 19
Mohamed Hassanein Heikal warns of a counter-
revolution led by Mubarak from Sharm el-Sheikh.
Human rights organisations reveal that the number of
dead has exceeded 800, and that the authorities are
making no efforts to document the killings or perform
postmortems to investigate the causes of death.
February 21
Three members of the Military Council appear on
national television to refute Heikal's warning.
February 23
Witnesses come forward to El Nadim Centre for the
- .
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ . , ∑ , ˘ ƒ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . . . , , ˘ . . . . . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ , ˘ ™ . ˘ ¸ · † ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸
, , . ƒ . ¸ . . ∏ . . · . . . · , · . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . ,
. . ƒ , ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , ¸ · . ƒ , ’ . . , · . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸
. , . , ∑ . , . . . . , . . . . . ¸ . . . ƒ · , . . ≤ . , . . ≤ . . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ . ,
· , . π . . , . . , . , . . ¸ . ¸ , . , · . . ∏ ≈ , . . ∂ . . . , , . ∏ ≈
. , . ¸ , , . . . π
. . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , , ƒ . · s ∏ . · . ≤ . . ƒ , † . · . . ∏ . . ¸ , · , . ¸ . . , ƒ , , · , . . . .
Ÿ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . _ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω ’¸ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ≈ , . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . .
. . , . , . , . , , . . , . . . . . , . . . ” . . ƒ · ≥ . ∏ , · ‘ ◊ ƒ , . ƒ . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ,
, ¸ · † . ƒ , . . . . · , , , . . ƒ , · . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . ƒ , . . ¸ . , · . . . π .
, . . ƒ ∫ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≤ . . ¸ . . , ƒ , … , . , . ≈ ’¸ . . · , . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ,
≤ . , , ¸ Ÿ . . . . . . ≈ Ÿ , . ¸ . s ¸ , . . ’ ¸ . , , . . . , , . ¸ , . ¸ . . . s π
. ∏ . ƒ . . . . . . . ¸ . . … . ∏ ≥ . ∏ , · · . . . ¸ . . Ω . . . . ¸ .
, · . . . . ¸ , ≥ . . . . . . , ¸ . . . . . ‹ . , · , . ¸ , s . , . ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · ¸ . . ,
. ¸ ¸ - · · · . , . . … . . ≈ . . , . , . ¸ , . . . ≈ . ƒ ∫ . s , . , . , ∑
· · · , , ¸
‘ · . . . · . ¸ . ∞ . Ÿ · , _ ‘ . . . . , · . ¸ . ∞ . ∏ ≈ · . . ƒ , . ¸ · . . . ·
‘ . , , . , , · , · . . ∏ ƒ . fi . . ¸ . . . . ¸ … , . . , . . ¸ · ™ . . . · . . ƒ , _
, ¸ · . . · . . . . . ¸ , · . . . , ·
‘ . . . . . . . · . . . . . . , . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . ∏ ¸ . , . , ∑ . ¸ . . . ∏ . ·
, . . ∏ , . , . . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ≈ . ∏ ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . ·
‘ . , , . , , · , - . . ∏ ƒ . . . . . ¸ … , . . s ¸ . , . , ∑ . , , ƒ· . … . . . , ·
. . . . s ¸ , · . ∏ . . , . .
· ¸ . · . . , . · , , · . ¸ ‘ . . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . ≈ . . . , . ¸ . , . ƒ . . . . . ¸ . ¸
. . . . ¸ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
· · · , , ¸
’ . . . . ’ ¸ . , . . . ¸ . , Ÿ . . . . . ƒ , , , . , , ‘ . . , ∞ Ÿ , . ,
. . . . , . ’ . ¸ Ω . . . . . . . ≤ . . . . . Ω
- · · , , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ ™ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ · ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ π . , Ÿ . , , ’ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ Ω
. .
Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture with
testimonies of a mass grave in Hykestep Military Base
containing the bodies of 17 martyrs who were killed
during an attempt to transfer them to al-Wadi al-
Gadeed prison camp.
February 24
Former Information Minister Anas Fikki and Osama el-
Sheikh, chairman of the Radio and Television Union,
are arrested on corruption charges.
February 25
Demonstrators return to Tahrir Square to demand that
the government be dissolved. For the first time, the
army clearly and unmistakably uses violence to
disperse a sit-in in front of the cabinet building. Still,
protestors return to Tahrir Square the following
morning for another sit-in. The army subsequently
apologises for its use of force in an statement entitled
'Our good name permits us this misdemeanour'.
Amr al-Beheiri is arrested and transferred to a military
tribunal, giving rise to the formation of one of the first
post-revolutionary political pressure groups, 'No to
Military Trials'. A host of other groups come into being
throughout the following month, their aims ranging
from documentation to political propaganda to
mobilisation of the masses, most significantly Mosireen
and the Union of Progressive Revolutionary Youth.
February 26
The Military Council publishes a document containing
eleven constitutional amendments to be put to a
referendum. The amendments lay out the conditions
of candidacy for presidential elections, and give the
next parliament the right to appoint the committee
charged with drafting a new constitution.
The Supreme Administrative Court upholds an
administrative ruling issued in October 2010 ordering
the Interior Ministry's special university police units to
leave campuses. The Ministry of Education decides to
replace them with privately-hired civilian guards.
February 27
Amr Moussa announces his intention to stand for the
presidency.
February 28
The Attorney General freezes the Mubarak family’s
bank accounts and properties, and places them under
a travel ban. Estimates in the press place the family's
wealth at 70 billion dollars.
· .
. ˘ ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · , , ˘ ˘ . ˘ π . ˘ s ˘ ƒ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ≥ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ≥
, . . · . ƒ , ‘ . ¸ s ¸ . ,
. . . ¸ ’ · ¸ . . . . ¸ . · . . . . . _ ’ . ƒ , , , · . , , . ¸ , , . . . ∞ , . . . . , .
. · · , , ¸
Ÿ . . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , … , ˘ ˘ . _ Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . , ¸ . ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ ¸ … , · ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ·
. . . . , · ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , · . ∏ ≈ , . ∏ . , . . · ∫ . . . ¸ . , . Ω . . s , π
. ∏ . . · , . . . , . ƒ . . ƒ ¸ . · . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _
. . . . ¸ . . ƒ , , . ∏ . . ƒ , ’ , ∫ . ¸ . . ™ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . . . , _
. . π ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ , . . s , π . s ƒ . · . . , . .
- · · , , ¸
’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . ∏ . ƒ , . . . . . . . , . . s , π . ¸ ¸
· · · , , ¸
fi . . . , . . ¸ , . . , . ¸ . . . ¸ . · , , . . ƒ ¸ ¸ › ∏ . ¸ , · . . . ¸
· · · , , ¸
. . ≤ . ∫ . , , . . . . . ‹ , . . . Ÿ . ¸ . ¸ , , . , . ¸ · , . . . . ¸
, ∫ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . , . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ ¸ ˘ . ˘ . , . Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ _ ‘
. . . . ƒ , ◊ ¸ . , ·
· · · , , ¸
Ÿ · , _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . · . . . . ∫ · , . . . . . ¸ . . . . · . . . . ¸
· · · , , ¸
fi . . . . . . _ . , s π , . . , . ¸ . ƒ , . . † . . . . , ≤ ƒ . . . . , . , ∑ . ¸
. . ¸ Ω . . . , ¸
. . . . . ¸ . ≤ ƒ · , · s . . ∞ , . . . . . . , . . . . ≈ · · · , ,
. . . ∏ . . ¸ . , . . . . . . . ‘ ƒ . , ≥ . ≤ . π , . . ¸ , _ . . .
· · · , , ¸
. ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ . † . ˘ . . . ∏ . ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ … , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , , . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ¸ … . . . † ¸ – . , ¸ . , s π
- · · , , ¸
. . , . . ¸ , , . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ . . . _ . ¸ . ≤ , . . . . . , · . . . , . , s . . . . † . ,
. . . · · . . , , . · . ∏ ƒ . . . . fi . , . · ≤ ∏ , , ¸ ¸ . . . ≤ π . ƒ . … . . , .
· .
. . , ¸ . . ƒ . , · , . ¸ . ¸ · , π . . . ƒ ¸
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
I Want to See Another
President Before I Die
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
. · · , , ¸
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . . ≤ ¸ , , , ¸ ’ . · Ω . . . . . ≥ , . . . . · . . . , ¸
, · , . ¸ ’ . . · , . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , . . , . · . . . . . .
- · · , , ¸
Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , , , ˘ . ˘ ƒ . , , Ÿ , ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , · . .¸ . . ≤ . • ◊ s ƒ . · .
, . , . ¸ , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∞ . ˘ . † ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ . Ω . ˘ . Ω › ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ƒ , , .
. ∏ . ¸ . ’ , ¸ . . . ƒ , . , . . . · . , . s ¸ . . ƒ , , . ƒ . , , ’ . . . . . Ω ‘
Ÿ , . , . . , . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹ . , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . , . ¸ . . . ∞
‘ . , . , . . . ƒ , · , , . . , . . . . , s , , . . . _ .
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . ¸ , . , . , ¸ … . , . ƒ , ∏ · . . . . s . · . . . s ¸ , · . , . . . .
. ∏ , · , . , s ƒ , ¸ . . . ƒ . · · ’ . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . . . . . s π
, . ≈ . . . . . ¸ . † . . . . . . , . . . ¸ . . . . . ƒ , . . , , . , . , . . . . s , , ¸
. ¸ . . . . ƒ . . ¸ . . . s π · , . . . , ¸ , . , . ¸ · , ¸ , ¸ , . . , . ¸ . . . . ¸
. ˘ . · ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ ≥ , . ˘ . . ˘ . , ˘ · . . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ . . ˘ · . . ¸
. . ƒ , , · . ¸ . . , . · . . . ¸ , ¸ . , · , . . · . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . . . ≤ . . ¸ .
· · · , , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , . . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ . † . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ · · ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ · . . . . ƒ , , .
. ˘ ˘ · . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ · ¸ † . ˘ ™ . . ˘ ¸ , • . ¸ . . ˘ _ . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . . . ˘ ·
. . , ƒ , , · . , . . ¸ . , Ÿ . , . ≤ . . Ω . ≥ . . , . , . . . , · . . . . . , . . , ·
. ƒ . . ™ . . . . . ƒ ,
. s . · ’¸ . , , · . . ∏ , . ƒ· , . . s . . ¸ . , , . . . . , ‘ s . ƒ . ¸ · · · ·
. .¸ . . . . ◊ ¸ . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . . ™ . ƒ , , . . . . ∏ , · . , , , , . . . . ∏ , , ≤ ¸
. . . , . . · . . · ¸ . . ¸ . . · . ¸ Ÿ . , _
· · · , , ¸
. . ¸ , . ƒ . . ≈ , . ∏ ¸ , . · . ¸ . . _ . ¸ · . . . · . . , ƒ , , ·
· · · , , ¸
. . . · . . . . Ω , . . . . . . . . . ¸ , ‡ . ∏ s . ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . · ∏ . · , , . . , , . ¸
. . . . ¸ . , , . . . . . . , · . . . ¸ . ¸ . ¸ , . ≤ . , ¸ · · . ∏ , . , . , ’ ,
· .
· -
, . π
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Leave
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ¸ , ¸ . · , . . , ƒ ∑
. . . , ¸ . . , , , . . . . . . . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . s . ,
Al Jazeera Facebook
Mariette Pasha St.,
Downtown
photo: Sarah Carr
. , . . . _ · · . ∏ , . , . , ’ , ·
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . , ¸ , . . . ≤ . • . . . . Ω
. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People Want to
Overthrow the Regime
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Where’d You Get $70 Billion?
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
· -
. . · , ¸
. . . _
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . . ¸ ¸ ¸ . . . π ◊ ¸ , · . . . ∂
. . . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . ≤ ∏ . ¸
Don’t Look Down Freedom Is
in Front of You
Sad Panda
photo: Hashem el Kelesh
Get a Visa
Teneen
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. -
. . . ¸ . . ¸ ¸ . · . . . … . . ¸ , ∞
K H
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
s . ¸ . ∏ ∂
. . . _
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Checkmate
Teneen
Mohamed Mahmoud Street,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’m Not Vandalising ... My
Intention Is Honourable
HK
Sheikh Rihan Street,
Downtown
photo: Omar Kamel
· -
. . , . . ¸
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ƒ , . . . . . . ƒ ,
, . . . . , . ∏ ƒ ∫ . ≤ . , . ¸ . ƒ ¸ , s · ,
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Revolution Scored a
Goal!
(Saad Zaghloul,
independence leader of
1919 revolution wearing star
footballer Abou Treika’s
jersey.)
Sad Panda
El Marghani, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
Beware Danger
Sad Panda
El Marghani, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
· -
March 2011
March 2
The date of the referendum on constitutional
amendments is set for March 19th.
March 3
Ahmed Shafik resigns as prime minister and is replaced
by Essam Sharaf.
March 4
On the 'Friday of Insistence', Essam Sharaf is sworn in
before the masses in Tahrir Square.
The discovery of a relationship between a Christian
man and a Muslim woman ignite sectarian tensions in
Atfeeh, Helwan governorate, where angry Muslim
youths set fire to Two Martyrs' Church.
Revolutionaries in Alexandria break into a State
Security building under a hail of live bullets to find
security officers destroying documents.
March 5
Demonstrators break into the main State Security
headquarters in Nasr City, Cairo. The Interior Minister's
private rooms are found to contain female clothes,
torture rooms, and documents establishing the
Ministry's involvement in numerous crimes against the
Egyptian people and violations of human rights.
March 6
The military and thugs use force to disperse a
demonstration in front of the Interior Ministry's State
Security building in Lazoghly, Cairo.
March 8
Thugs, Islamists and other men attack an International
Women's Day demonstration in Tahrir Square.
A Coptic demonstration in front of the Maspero
television building demands a single unified law
governing the construction of places of worship.
March 9
For the second time, the army uses force to disperse a
sit-in in Tahrir Square, and continues to try arrested
demonstrators before military courts, issuing verdicts
on 143 defendants. Female prisoners are subjected to
“virginity tests”.
The government issues a statement warning of a
counter-revolution and asks the populace to co-
operate with the police, who are to return to the
streets soon.
7 Christians and 6 Muslims die in clashes in Atfeeh.
March 10
Abboud and Tarek el-Zomor, convicted for the
· ·
. . , . ¸ · · · ·
· . . , . ¸
¸ . · , ’ . . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . , π . . . . . ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ … ‘ · · . . , . ¸
- . . , . ¸
. . . ≤ . . · . . . . . . , ≥ . ¸ . . . . . , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , s ∏ , ∞ . . . . Ω . . ¸ .
. . . , . ¸
· . . . · ’¸ . . ¸ , . . . . . Ω . . ¸ . ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , ƒ· . … . ≤ . . , . . Ω
. . . . ,
. . . . . ¸ s . , . . · . . . , , . , ¸ . . . . , _ fi . · . · . ∏ ƒ ,
. ƒ , ’¸ . . s . . , , · , ≤ . . . ƒ , . , . ≈ . , . , . ¸ . . , . · – . , . π . ¸
. ¸ . . . . ¸ ◊ ¸ . , . . , · ¸ . ’ . ¸ , . . ¸ , , Ÿ . . . . . ¸
- . . , . ¸
, ≤ . . , Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , Ÿ ≤ ¸ . ¸ · , . . ¸ . , . , . ¸ . . , . · ‘ . . , . · . . ¸
. . . ≤ . . ¸ . s . . . . . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . . , · . ƒ , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · – . ƒ … . ∏ ≈
. · . . ¸ . . . · , · . , . . s ¸ . . . . , . , . ∏ . . ¸ . , . . . ƒ , • ‘
. ¸ · , . . , . . . . . . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … , . . . . ≤ ƒ ¸ ’¸ . . . ,
· . . , . ¸
. . . . . Ω . ≤ ƒ . ‘ . ¸ , ≥ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . Ω . , . ≈ . , . , . ¸ . . , . ·
‘ , , , . . . . ∏ , · . · . ƒ . ∏ ¸ . ¸ · , π . , . ¸ , . , ∏ . . , ·
· . . , . ¸
, . . ∫ , . ∏ . . , · , . . · . , ƒ , , . . . , , . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ . . . . · , · ‘ . , . ,
. . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . , · . , ƒ Ω . . . Ÿ ¸ . ∏ . ¸ .
. . . . ¸ . · , . , · . . Ω . , . ≈ . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , ‘ . . . . , , , . . . . . ≤ . ƒ ,
. , , . . , . . . Ÿ ƒ . .
· . . , . ¸
. , . ¸ , . † ¸ . . . . . Ω . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ≤ ƒ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . , · . , , . . . . ¸ ‘
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , – ƒ , ∏ , , . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · , ¸ . . . ,
. s . Ω . . . s ¸ , · . . . · . · . . . . . . . , , ≤ ƒ Ω . . . π s . . ƒ . . . , , ·
. ∏ . ≤ , ƒ . ¸ . ∏ , , ¸ . ¸ . . . , . ¸
· ·
assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981, are released.
March 18
The Muslim Brotherhood register the Freedom and
Justice Party.
March 19
The referendum on constitutional amendments is held.
The 'yes' campaign wins, with 77.27% of the vote.
Lawyer and activist Ragia Omran is kidnapped from a
polling station and held at the Cairo Security
Directorate until early the following morning.
March 22
Sections of the Interior Ministry building are set alight
during a police sit-in in front of the building, and the
protesting police officers clash with military police.
March 23
The Sharaf government passes a law criminalising
protests. Persons inciting protests may be fined
between 500 000 and a million US dollars.
Military police attack a student sit-in at Cairo
University's media faculty, and angry protests erupt at
Cairo University and a number of other universities.
March 24
Prominent opponent of the former regime Dr.
Mohamed Abou El-Ghar announces the establishment
of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, which aims to
bring together principles of market economics and
social justice. Co-founders include well-known
opposition figures such as Dr. Mohamed Ghonim, Dr.
Hazem Beblawi and film director Daoud Abdel Sayed,
as well as new face Amr Hamzawi, who will leave not
long after to found the Egypt Freedom Party.
March 28
The Military Council passes a law permitting the
formation of political parties without the express
permission of the state.
Foreign Minister Nabil Elaraby denies any hostility
between Egypt and Iran and promises a change in
policy towards Gaza.
Public pressure for Mubarak to be held to account
forces the Military Council to place the former
president and his family under house arrest in Sharm
el-Sheikh.
March 30
The Military Council publish a constitutional
declaration setting out the provisions voted on in the
referendum in addition to 35 further articles on which
public opinion was not consulted.
- ·
◊ s ƒ . · – . , ‘ . , . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . Ÿ † . . . . , . ∏ . . ¸ . . . . .
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· ·
A military source announces that Zakaria Azmi,
Mubarak's chief of presidential staff, who visited his
office on a daily basis, has resigned.
March 31
The Ministry of Justice's anti-corruption department
adds Zakaria Azmi, former Speaker of the People's
Assembly Fathi Sorour and former Speaker of the
Shoura Council Safwat El-Sherif, along with their
families, to the list of those banned from leaving the
country.
Prime Minister Essam Sharaf fires several editors of
national newspapers.
- ·
. . . , . ¸ . . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ , . ƒ , . . . , . . · . , . , ∑ . . π . . s . ƒ , . . . .
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. ¸ . . , . · . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No to Torture .. Yes to
Human Dignity
State Security HQ
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Rivo
(Egyptian brand of Aspirin)
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. † . ™ ’
. . ¸ . . . . . ≈
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People Overthrew the
Regime. We Won
Tahrir Youth
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Submit. No!
Omar Mustafa
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
, . , . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ƒ . . , . , . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Egypt Lives in My Eyes
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
One Hand
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . ∏ . . , . .
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
We Are All Khaled Said
HK
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Glory to the Martyrs
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. ∏ ¸ . . . ∂
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . , . . ¸ . . ≤ . . . . . , . · . . ¸
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. ¸ · ≤ . . , . , ·
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. . . , ¸ . , . . ¸ . . ≤ . . . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
It’s Just the Beginning
Freedom Painters
Abbas el Akkad St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Take Care
Freedom Painters
Abbas el Akkad St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ·
· ·
, · ™ , . . ∂ · ƒ ¸ . . . . ¸ …
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Hold Your Head Up, You’re
Egyptian
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . . .
. ¸ , ·
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . , ∂ , . . · . …
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
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s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Egyptian and Proud
Freedom Painters
Ahmed Fakhry St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Freedom
Freedom Painters
I Love You, My Country
Freedom Painters
Ahmed Fakhry St.,
Nasr City
photos: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . . .
. ¸ , ·
. ƒ ⁄ s ¸ . . . ¸ , . . ƒ . . ¸ , s ƒ , . . . ¸ , .
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ¸ , . , . ¸ . ¸ .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free People Live in Freedom
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Freedom
Freedom Painters
Hassan el Maamoun St.,
Nasr City
If I Weren’t Egyptian, I’d
Want to Be
Freedom Painters
Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City
photos: Maya Gowaily
Ÿ ƒ ,

. . ∏ , , . . s ∏ ∂
. . . , … s . ¸
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. . . ∂
. . . , ¸ . . . · . ¸ … . . . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free Media
Egypt’s TV Is Criminal
Shank
Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
El Mozza:
Let Her Eat You
4SprayCans
Om Kalsoum Square,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. ¸ . ‘ . . . . . .
. . . , … s . ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
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. ¸ , · . . . , ,
s r e t n i a P m o d e e r F
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Freedom of Speech
Freedom Painters
Hassan el Maamoun St.,
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
Shit in the Sky
4spraycans
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
, . ƒ , . · . .
. . . , … s . ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Mr X
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Coke:
Always a Customer
4SprayCans
Om Kalsoum Square,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . . . , ¸ , . . . ≤ . • . , . , . . . . . Ω
. . ¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ . ƒ . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
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. . . , ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Safwat el Sherif
Adham Bakry
El Thawra St., Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
The People Want to
Overthrow the Regime’s
Darlings
Ganzeer
Aboul Feda St., Zamalek
photo: Menna Ibrahim
· ·
. ·
. . . , , . . . · Ω , · . · · . . . ·
. . ¸ , ¸
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Martyr Islam Raafat
18 Years Old
Ganzeer
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· ·
. . . , , . . . , ∞ . ∏ · . . . . . ≈ · · . . . ·
. . ¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ · · , ƒ . , ƒ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Martyr Seifallah Mustafa
16 Years Old, Student
Ganzeer
26th July St., Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
. . . ∏ . ¸ , · . . . . . ≈ . . . . , …
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. . . ∏ . . , , . fi . . . . . ∫ . . , ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Glory to the Martyr
Mohamed Gamal Eddin
Ahmed Heshmat St.,
Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Glory to Freedom Mustafa el
Sawy
Ahmed Heshmat St.,
Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
· ·
. ƒ .
. . . , ¸ . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ∏ . ƒ , . s ¸ _ . . ƒ ·
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Glory to the Revolution
Karim Banouna
Ahmed Heshmat St.,
Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Brotherhood
Gabalaya St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. . . ¸ . π . . . , . . . . . ¸ , ’
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
This Is For the Martyrs
Egypt First
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
April 2011
April 1
A million-strong march on 'Save the revolution Friday'
demands that members of the former regime be tried.
April 3
Naguib Sawiris announces the establishment of the
liberal Free Egyptians party.
April 5
Former housing minister Mohamed Ibrahim Suleiman,
known for his involvement in major corruption cases
relating to the sale of state-owned land, is arrested.
April 8
On the 'Friday of Purification', the Military Council are
accused of dragging their heels in pursuing members
of the Mubarak regime. A number of army officers join
the sit-in in Tahrir Square.
A demonstration takes place outside the Israeli Embassy.
April 9
The military use Special Forces, Military Police and
Central Security forces, armed with live ammunition and
armoured cars, to break up a sit-in in Tahrir Square. The
officers who have joined the demonstrators are arrested.
April 10
In a recorded message broadcast on Al Arabiya
television, Mubarak denies all charges of corruption and
promises to pursue legal action against anyone defaming
him or his family.
April 11
Ahmed Nazif, prime minister under Mubarak, Safwat El-
Sherif and Zakaria Azmi are arrested on corruption
charges.
April 12
Mubarak is questioned in Sharm el-Sheikh hospital.
April 13
The Attorney General orders that Mubarak and his two
sons be detained for 15 days pending investigation
into charges of murdering protestors. Mubarak suffers
a heart attack, and Alaa and Gamal are transferred to
Tora prison by helicopter.
April 15
Demonstrators march from the north Cairo suburb of
Shubra to demand equal rights for Copts.
April 16
The Supreme Administrative Court issues a verdict
dissolving the NDP.
- · ·
. ¸ , π · · · ·
· . ¸ , π
. ∏ , ƒ , · · ¸ ≤ . . . . ƒ , . . , Ÿ . . . , · . . . s . · , . ƒ , . . . . Ω . ≤ . _
- . ¸ , π
. , . . . . , , ¸ . ¸ , . ∏ ¸ . . . , . ¸ . ¸ ¸ · . . . . ¸ , , ¸ ’ . ¸ , . . ∏ , , ¸ . ¸
- . ¸ , π
. ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ , † ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ fi . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ , ˘ , . . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . , , , , ˘ ¸ ’¸ . . ˘ s ˘ . , . . . ˘ . . ˘ ≥
, Ÿ . ¸ , . . . ƒ , . · ‘ · † . . , . · . . . . s , ¸ ¸ , . . , , ™ , . . ¸ . . , . ·
· . ¸ , π
· . . . · . . . , , . . , , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . . . , . . ƒ· ‘ . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈
, . ƒ , . . . . Ω . , † . . . Ω . . . . ¸ . . , . • . , . ¸ , . . . . . . , , . . . . . ¸ , ¸
. . . . ¸ . . . · ¸ ¸ . . . . . , . ’ . . ¸ · , ∏ , ·
· . ¸ , π
. , . ¸ , . . . . . Ω Ÿ . , . . ¸ , . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . . · , . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
, ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … , . . . , . ◊ , · . . † ¸ . . . . . Ω . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
, , ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . † . , . • Ÿ . . . . . _
· · . ¸ , π
‘ , . . . . · . . . . ∏ · , . , . · . . . · . . ¸ . , · . . . , . , ∑ , . . ¸ s π ’ , . . . ¸
. . . . . . . . Ÿ . ‹ , , . ƒ . . . · . ≤ · . ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . · , . . . . · . . · ∏ . ·
· † . . · , .
· · . ¸ , π
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . , ∞ , · , . ¸ , , , . . , . , ∑ . , . . . ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ , ∞
, , s ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . , , . s . . . . , . . . ¸ , ¸
· · . ¸ , π
. , . , ∑ , ƒ . · . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ . . . . . . . ≈ . . ¸ Ω . . . , ¸
- · . ¸ , π
. . . · . . . . Ω , . . . , . ¸ . . , . ¸ . , . , ∑ , ‚ ∏ , · - · , ƒ . . . ∏ ≈ . . ·
. . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ · † . , · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . . ¸ . . , . · · ∏ , , · . , , . ,
≤ π . · . , . . . ∫ ¸ ¸ . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . , ∏ , ƒ s ƒ . ¸
. · ·
April 19
The inquiry into the deaths of demonstrators,
established by former Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik,
reveals that 846 people have died and at least 6400
have been injured to date. The committee finds Habib
al-Adly, who authorised the use of live ammunition
against demonstrators in 16 governorates, responsible
for the deaths.
April 21
The decision is made to remove Mubarak's name, and
that of his wife, from all public facilities and
institutions.
April 23
Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy appears before court
in a case regarding gas exports.
April 26
The Attorney General announces a deterioration in
Mubarak’s health means he cannot be moved from
Sharm el-Sheikh hospital to Tora prison. The charges
against the former president include murdering anti-
regime protestors and assisting his friend Hussein Salem
in securing a gas deal with Israel in return for a kickback.
The gas pipeline between Sinai, Jordan and Israel is blown
up for the second time. The perpetrators are unknown.
April 28
The Socialist Popular Alliance party, which boasts a
number of the Egyptian left's most famous faces, holds
its founding conference.
April 29
The day is designated the 'Friday of Solidarity' with the
revolutions in Libya, Syria and Yemen.
· · ·
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Don’t Be Afraid. It’s Only
Street Art
4SprayCans
Street No. 9, Maadi
photo: Maya Gowaily
Explode
4SprayCans
Al-Marghani, Heliopolis
Spray Cans
4SprayCans
Korba, Heliopolis
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
, , . · ‘ . , ¸ , . ·
. s ƒ , . · . . . . ¸ . . , . .
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· . π . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . , › , ƒ ∫
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Peace
Al-Marghani Bridge,
Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
Killing Sad Panda
Sad Panda and Anonymous
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
The Brain Is Window Dressing
Korba, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
◊ ¸ , · . † . , . • · . ¸ , π
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
WT Field Marshal
Ant and HK
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Free the April 8 Officers
El Moshir
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. · ·
. , . , . . . , . .
. . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Martyrs’ Square
Samir Ashour
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. ∏ , ∂ ¸ , . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , π fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Stay Positive
Ismail Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ¸
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
January 25
Equality Freedom
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’m Free
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Bored of The Red Line
Abdel Aziz Shennawy St.,
Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
Untitled
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. ¸ , ·
. . , . · . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Freedom
Nasr City
photo: Maya Gowaily
May 2011
May 5
Habib al-Adly is convicted of unlawful private financial
gain and money laundering and sentenced to twelve
years.
The Justice Party is established. Amongst its number
are well-known figures such as Mostafa el-Naggar,
who subsequently becomes a member of parliament.
May 7
Sectarian clashes take place in Imbaba where a group
of Salafis have gathered to demand the release of
Abeer Fakhry, a Christian woman held prisoner in a
church since converting to Islam. Twelve are killed and
240 injured. Fakhry turns herself in to the military
police and faces charges of polygamy, having married a
Muslim man before divorcing her Christian husband.
May 8
The Administrative Court annuls the government’s
2006 sale of the Omar Effendi department store chain
to the Saudi-based Anwal Group.
May 10
The committee charged with recovering Egyptian
funds illegally transferred abroad, established by the
Military Council, investigates measures to track down
bank accounts held by Mubarak and 18 other officials
of the former regime.
Muslim Brotherhood leader Abdel Moneim Aboul
Fotouh announces his presidential candidacy and
leaves the organisation, who have previously stated
that they will not put forth a candidate.
Foreign Minister Nabil Elaraby is chosen as Secretary
General of the Arab League.
Presidential candidate and political activist Bothaina
Kamel is summoned to a military tribunal where she is
questioned over her criticism of the Military Council.
May 15
The Military Police and security forces disperse a Nakba
Day demonstration outside the Israeli embassy using
tear gas and birdshot; 180 protestors are arrested and
tortured.
Groups of men in civilian clothing presumed to be
hired thugs attack Christian demonstrators at the
television building in Maspero, injuring 65. Pope
Shenouda asks the protestors to call off their sit-in, but
it continues.
May 16
Field Marshal Tantawi delivers his first post-revolution
- · ·
. . , ƒ
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- · . . , ƒ
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, . . , , , ,
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- · . , . . . . . . ƒ . . , . ∏ . ¸ , . . ’ . . . . . Ω . , ’ . . . . . Ω , . . . . ¸
. · ·
speech in the Police Academy and asks the Egyptian
people to look to the future and forget the past.
May 23
Online activists dedicate the day, with the hash tag
#NoSCAF, to blogging about the army's crimes,
breaking the barrier of fear which has so far inhibited
criticism of the military.
May 24
Mubarak and his two sons are brought to court to
stand trial for the murder of demonstrators.
May 26
Activists Ganzeer, Aida Elkashef and NadimX are
arrested for posting Ganzeer's 'Mask of Freedom'
sticker in Downtown Cairo.
May 27
The 'Second Friday of Rage' sees the biggest numbers
of demonstrators on the streets since the first Friday of
Rage in January. The Muslim Brotherhood do not
participate, describing it as a 'revolution against the
clear majority of people' and 'incitement between the
people and the army'.
May 28
The border crossing with Gaza at Rafah, closed since
2007, is reopened.
Mubarak is fined 20 million dollars for shutting down
communication networks on January 28th.
May 31
A military source confirms to CNN reports that 17
women were subjected to ‘virginity tests’ after their
arrest during the 9th March sit-in.
· · ·
Overleaf:
Tank vs Bread
Ganzeer, Sad Panda et al.
Gabalaya, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · . . , ƒ
, ∫ . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . , . . . . , … . . . . . ƒ , . ‘ s . . , , · . . . ¸ . · , . . ƒ · , ·
. . . . . . ∏ . . ¸ ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . . ≤ , π , ¸ ∑ Ÿ . . . ¸
- · . . , ƒ
, ƒ Ω · ’ . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . ∏ ≈ . . , s . ¸ . . ƒ . . π ’ . . . . . ¸ , s . .
. . . . . . . . ¸ . , . s . ¸ . . . . s ¸ . s . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ ≤ . . , . ¸
. · . . , ƒ
¸ . · , – ƒ , π . , . , ∑ , ‚ ∏ , · . ∏ . . . s . · . . , . · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . , . . . s . . . ∞ , . _ x . . . . . ∏ , ≥
. ∏ . . ≥ · · . . ¸ ◊ ¸ , · . ‘ , . . . . , ∏ .
· · . . , ƒ
· . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . † . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . Œ . ˘ ™ s , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ . , ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · ’ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . _ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ , . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . . . ˘ . . . . ˘ . .
, . ∏ , , . · . ƒ . . . · , , · , . · . _ . . . . . , . , . ¸
· · . . , ƒ
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. ¸ _ . , . , ∑ · · . ∏ , ƒ , . , ’ , . ≤ . ™ ’ . . . ’ ¸ , ƒ Ω . . . · . . † . .
· - . . , ƒ
. . . . , . . . s ¸ … , ≤ ¸ . . . ¸ . , . , . . ≤ , ≤ · . ¸ . ¸ · · · . . . · , † ¸
. ∏ , , ¸ ‘ . . . . . Ω · . . , . ¸ . s . . ƒ . . . . , , ·
· · ·
. . . . . √
. . . . . · . . . . , ¸
. . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . . . , . . ƒ . ·
. . . , ¸ . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . _
. . . , ¸ . . . , ∏ , ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ , . , . , … , . . ¸ , . , . . ≈
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Amr el Beheiri and Amr Eissa
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Untitled
Teneen
Champollion St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
Ÿ ∏ ∂ . . . . ≤ ƒ . ·
. , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , ∂
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I’ll Give You
Om Kalsoum Square,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
The King .. Carry Out the
Punishment
Sad Panda
Gabalaya, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
. . . . . ¸ .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . , ¸ , .
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , π fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People Demand
Ismail Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’m Not Free
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - ·
· . . ¸ ◊ ¸ , ·
. . ¸ , ¸
◊ ¸ , · . . . ¸ , . , . , … . ‘ . . . . ¸
◊ ¸ . ¸ ’ ¸ . . . , s . ‘ . . ƒ , .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Free Amr el Beheiri
I’m in Military Prison Because
I Took Part in the Revolution
Omar Mustafa and Sad
Panda
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
New: The Mask of Freedom
A Token from SCAF to the
Children of the Beloved
Homeland Now Available for
an Unlimited Time
Ganzeer
· - ·
. . ∏ . ¸ . . . . , …
. . . _
. , . , . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . . ¸ . . . . , …
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Tantawi’s Underwear
Adham Bakry
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Salafi Tantawi
Teneen
Talaat Harb Sq.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
· . ·
. ∏ , . . . . ƒ . . ’ . ¸ . ◊ . ’ . ≈
. · . ƒ , . . . . · . . . . . , · . . ¸ , · .
fi . s . · . , . , ∑ . . , , ’ . · Ω . . ≥
. . . . . ¸
K H
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Our Demands: Security.
Minimum Wage. Social
Justice. Freedom. Mubarak
on Trial. Purging the Media.
The Right to Demonstrate.
HK
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily

. . . , ¸ fi . . Ÿ ¸ . . . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ . . . ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ¸ . . ƒ
K H
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
You’re No Better Than Those
Who Died
HK
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
No More
Mohamed Maraashli St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . ·
· · . . , ƒ
. ƒ . ¸ . . . ¸ … . . . ∏ , . . . , . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· · . . , ƒ
¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
27 (May)
hzb
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
27 May
Egyptian, Citizen, Moslem
Christian
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ·
· . ·
. . . . . . . , . . . ¸ , . ∂ · · , -
. . . , ¸ . . . , ∏ , ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Choose the Future of Your
Egyptian identity
May 27
Champollion St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . √
, ∂ . . . ¸ . ·
. . . ∏ , · . ∏ . . , ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. . . _
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
27 May
Teneen
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Fuck Police
The Interior Ministry Are
Thugs
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
· . ·
June 2011
June 1
The appointment of a Coptic governor in Qena triggers
protests which continue until the government is forced
to suspend the governor.
June 5
The commander of Ezbekiya police station attacks a
minibus driver and allows his staff to torture the man
to death. Locals attack the police station with rocks
and molotov cocktails, and the ensuing confrontations
leave six soldiers and 24 locals injured.
June 6
A peaceful demonstration in front of the Interior
Ministry commemorates the death of martyr Khaled
Said.
The Freedom and Justice Party receive their licence; the
Salafi Al-Nour Party, receive theirs a week later.
June 7
The law prohibiting demonstrations is enforced for the
first time when the Military Police arrest five Petrojet
workers participating in a sit-in outside the company
offices to protest their unfair dismissal. The five are
transferred to a military court.
June 8
Central Security forces violently disperse a sit-in of
peasants outside the cabinet building, arresting 25.
June 9
The Public Prosecution Office accuses State Security
officers of firing on the army and demonstrators whilst
shredding and burning important evidence of their
implication in various crimes.
June 14
Three new parties receive their licences: the Free
Egyptians, the Egyptian Social Democrats, and the
Justice Party.
June 15
Military and regular police disperse sit-ins by workers at
railway workshops in Zagazig.
The curfew, in place since the 28th of January, is lifted.
June 19
Journalist Rasha Azab is ordered to appear before the
military prosecutor after publishing details of a
meeting between the group 'No to Military Trials' and
General Hassan Ruweini in the newspaper El Fagr.
June 21
An agreement is reached between the Justice and
- - ·
, ƒ , ƒ
· , ƒ , ƒ
. . . . . . ¸ ‘ · . . . ∏ ≈ . , _ fi . · . · , . ¸ , . . . . ¸ , . . . . ≈
. , ¸ ◊ s ƒ . · . ∏ ≈ Œ . , . . . π . . · .
- , ƒ , ƒ
. ˘ . . ˘ ƒ , · . . ˘ , ’ , . ˘ s ˘ , ˘ · , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . … . ˘ . . † . ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ . · ˘ ≥ . ˘ , ˘ s ˘ ¸ , . . . ¸ .
, , ¸ ∑ . . . , , · , . . . ƒ · . . ≈ Ÿ ƒ ¸ . , . . ƒ Ω . . . . ≤ . . , . . ◊ . . , .
, Ÿ ƒ . ƒ ƒ . . . . ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . . . · · . . ƒ . , . · . ¸ . . ‹ Ÿ . . ≤ ·
· , ƒ , ƒ
. . . . ¸ , _ . . s ƒ , ¸ . ¸ ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . · . , . . . π . ¸ ¸ . . ƒ , . . . ∏ . ¸
. ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ , _ . . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . . . ¸ . . . ∏ . , · . . Ω , , , . . . . ∏ , · ‘ . s ¸ ¸ . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . , .
· , ƒ , ƒ
, ∫ . . , π . ≤ . ƒ , Œ ¸ _ ’ . . . . _ · . . . . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
. . . . ≤ . ∫ . . . . · . ¸ . . . ∫ . ¸ , . , . Ÿ . . . . . _ . . Ω . ≤ ¸ . . . ¸ s ·
. . . . . . . ∏ ≈ · . . ∏ , , . . . . , . , ” – ƒ , ∏ , , . ∏ . . . s . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
· , ƒ , ƒ
’ . ˘ ˘ ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ˘ . † ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . _ . ˘ ˘ . Ω › ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ƒ , , .
. . . . . . . . . ≤ ƒ . , . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ - · . ¸ Ÿ . . . . . _
· , ƒ , ƒ
. . , . . · . . . . · . , , . . , . • . ¸ . . , . · . .¸ . · ¸ . . . , . ∏ ≈ . , . ¸
, Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . · , . . , , . . ¸ Ω . . · ¸ . . , , , . ¸ · , .
. · , ƒ , ƒ
. · . · . ¸ ¸ . . , . . Ÿ . . ¸ , ƒ , ’ . ¸ , . Ÿ . . ¸ … . . , ƒ · ¸ . ¸
’ . . . . . ¸ . , . . . ∫
- · , ƒ , ƒ
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , Ÿ . , · , . † . . , . . . . . Ω . . . ∫ , , . ¸ . . . s ∂
◊ . , . , · . . . ¸ · . , , ≥
, · ™ . . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫ Ÿ . ¸ , . ¸ . . . · · , . . , ¸
· - ·
Freedom Party and the secular parties on the basis for a
new constitution, and al-Azhar publishes a document
on religious tolerance and the democratic state.
June 22
A number of young activists who have left the Muslim
Brotherhood, led by Revolutionary Youth Coalition
steering committee members Mohamed al-Kassas,
Mohammed Abbas and Islam Lotfy, join other young
activists such as Asmaa Mahfouz to announce the
establishment of the Egyptian Current Party.
June 28
The 'Balloon affair' begins when a ceremony at the
Balloon Theatre to honour the martyrs of the
revolution is disrupted by an angry crowd of the
martyrs' families, who have not been invited. Security
forces beat the families, and a bloody night ensues,
with violent clashes which last until dawn the next day
erupting in Tahrir Square, Bab el-Louk and Mansour
street between Central Security and revolutionaries
who have joined the martyrs' families in anger at the
violence.
- - ·
· · , ƒ , ƒ
. . . . . . . . . . . . , · , . . . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ . . ƒ ∫ . . Ω . . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · . . .
. . ¸ . . . ƒ · . · ™ . ≤ . . › . ƒ . · · ’ . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . . ™ . ∏ ƒ .
. ¸ , , . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ , . . . . . ¸
· · , ƒ , ƒ
. . ¸ . _ . ¸ ¸ . . . . · , ◊ ¸ , · , ’ . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . , · . ∏ ≈ . . . ¸ s . . . ·
. . . . . ƒ , . , ’ , . ¸ , . . . , , . , ≤ · . ¸ . . . . . . _ . . , . ¸ , . . , . · . . , ƒ · ¸ . , ·
· · , ƒ , ƒ
. . , . ¸ . . . . ≤ ƒ , . ¸ . . . . · ’¸ . ƒ , . . . . ∏ . , ¸ . ∏ ≈ , . . , ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ≤ . . ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . , ¸ . . ˘ ˘ · Ω . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ’ . † . ˘ . .
. . . . s . . . . . . , . … ’ · . · . . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . . , . ¸ † . , ¸ . , , , . ¸
. ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . . . . . ˘ , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ π . . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ¸ ˘ . . . ˘ , . . ˘ , ,
. . ¸ ¸ · . . , . , . . . . ¸ … .
· · , ƒ , ƒ
· . . ¸ . , . . ƒ , . , . . . . ƒ . · . . . . , · . ¸ . . ¸ . . . , . . . . , .
¸ ¸ . . . ¸ ¸ . , . . ƒ , . ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . π . . s ¸ _ . . . , . . ⁄ . ,
. . ƒ , , ¸ . , · , · . Ω ’ . ¸ . † . ¸ . , , . ≤ , , . . . . . . . . ¸ . . , . · , . , ∏ ·
. . , · . _ . . ƒ , . . , ¸ Œ . . ƒ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ ≈
. . . ∞ . ™ . . ¸ . . . , . . , ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
, . . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ , . . . . ¸ ¸ . . ≈ . . , . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹
. - ·
. . . . . . . , .
. π , . . , . . ¸ . _ . , . , ∂ . . .
. . . ≈ , . · ¸ Ÿ ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . .
, , , . . . . ∏ , ·
. ¸ , ¸ · . Ÿ ¸ · , _ ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Who’s Watching the
Watchers?
Keizer
El Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Will you see my blood as
water?
Will you forget the
bloodstains on my clothes?
Ministry of the Interior
photo: Anonymous
· - ·
. . . . ‹ , . . , . . ƒ …
¸ , ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . , ∑ , . . . . , …
¸ , ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Mubarak & Tantawi
hzb
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Al-Adly & Essawi
hzb
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
· · ·
. . · . . . . . · . , ,
¸ , ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Their weapon
Our weapon
hzb
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. , s ¸ . . , . ¸ , , . . . , ¸ ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ƒ , , . Ÿ . . ∏ . ·
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Armed Snow White
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Mickey Mouse and Walt
Disney
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. ƒ .
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· . π ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ∂
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . ƒ . . . . , ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Kill Your Television
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Hooded
Keizer
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
, . . , † ¸ , . . . ƒ .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . ¸ . . . .
. . , . s ¸ …
. , . , . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ . . Ÿ , . . . . _
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Pizza Afaf
Adham Bakry
Mustafa Mahmoud Sq.,
Mohandiseen
photo: Maya Gowaily
It’s Black or White
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Gezirah Street., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. , . . . ◊ ≤ , ≤ · · . . . , · , . s ¸ ’ . · ¸
. ¸ . , π . ƒ· ⁄ s . . ƒ ’ . . . . ¸ , , .
◊ ≤ , ≤ · . . ≈ . ≤ . ™ . . ∂ ’ . . . ¸ .
, . ¸ . . ’ ⁄ . . ≈ . ∏ ≥ . . . ∂ . ¸
. . , . . . √ Ÿ . . ¸ – . . _ ¸ ¸ . . ¸
’ . . . , . . . , . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ ∏ ·
. . ƒ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . ¸
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
“The truth isn’t harsh, but
breaking free of ignorance is
as painful as giving birth.
Run after the truth until
you’re out of breath. Accept
the pain so you can create
yourself anew. These words
take a lifetime to
understand, a lifetime of
effort punctuated with a few
moments of danger.”
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Gezirah Street., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
July 2011
July 1
On the 'Friday of Self-Determination', demonstrators
express their anger at the Military Council's slow
progress in meeting the demands of the revolution.
The Muslim Brotherhood accept an invitation to
dialogue with the USA.
July 2
Clashes break out in Suez after officials accused of the
murder of protesters walk free.
July 8
The July sit-in begins.
After protracted debates over whether elections or the
new constitution should come first, this Friday's protests
bear the slogan 'the Revolution Comes First', with
demands that the Military Council act more quickly in
implementing the revolution's demands. The Muslim
Brotherhood had announced they were not going to
take part in the day's events, but in the early morning
arrive in the square and set about erecting a large stage
by force, to the indignation of demonstrators, who raise
their shoes aloft in the first visible signs of friction
between revolutionaries and the Brotherhood.
July 9
The Ministry of Information, scrapped after Mubarak's
removal, is re-established by the Military Council, and
Osama Haikal, longtime military correspondent and
former editor of newspaper al-Wafd, is installed as
Minister of Information.
Sharaf announces that he has asked the Interior
Minister to suspend officers accused of involvement in
the murder of protestors.
July 10
There are violent confrontations between
demonstrators and the military in Suez.
Demonstrators in Tahrir Square close the entrance to
the Mugamma building.
July 11
Sharaf reassures Egyptians of his commitment to
replacing the government in accordance with
revolutionaries' demands, reform of the media, and
the removal and swift trial of all officers accused of the
killing of demonstrators.
July 12
SCAF communiqué 67 is delivered by General El-
Fangary, who threatens those participating in
demonstrations and sit-ins and reaffirms the Council's
· · ·
, ƒ . , ƒ
· , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · – . , . Ÿ . . , . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . ∏ . ƒ , . † . , , , . ¸ , . . ƒ· . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … ‘ – ≤ , ≥ . . . . . . . ƒ , .
’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , ≤ , ∏ ƒ , . . ƒ . . ∏ . ƒ , . ™ . ƒ ’ , . ¸ Ÿ . . . .
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . , . s . ¸ ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . · ¸ . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . , . _ . ≤ . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . , · . . . . . Ω , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · . . ƒ , . , ’ . . . . ’ ≤ . . . Ω . ƒ ∫ ’ . . . . . ¸ , ’ , . . . . . ƒ , , ’ .
Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . . . , ƒ , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . ’¸ . . ¸ ¸ ‘ – ≤ , ≥ . . . . . . . ƒ , .
s . , ’ . ƒ , · . . ∏ . ƒ , · † . , , ’ . . ¸ ∑ . , · . . ƒ · . ¸ . . . · . . · . . ·
. . . . · . . . . · . . . ≤ ƒ . , . . . , · † ¸ . ƒ , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . , ¸ , · . ƒ . , , ’ . . , ·
‘ , ∫ . . s . ∑ . _ . . ƒ , , ’ . ƒ ,
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . ¸ . . . . , , , . ’ . · Ω . ≤ . . ∏ ™ . , . , ∑ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
, . , . . . , , . _ . . . . · . , s π . Ÿ ¸ . . π . . . . s ¸ … , , · , . ¸ – ¸ , ¸
. ¸ , . . . ƒ · . . . . . . ≥ . , , , ¸ . · . · Ω
. , . , . . . . Ω . . ¸ . · . ∫ · , · ¸ · s ∏ ∞ , , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · . ƒ · ∞ . † . , . •
Ÿ . ƒ , . _ ‘ , . · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ . . . ·
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . , . s . ¸ . . , . · . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . s ¸ ‘ . . . ƒ , . ¸
. . . . . ¸ , , ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . ∏ ≤ ƒ , . . . π › . ™ . . . ¸ , ¸
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . , . ¸ . . . . Ω . . ¸ . . ∏ . . s , . . ∏ ≈ . , , ◊ s ƒ . · . . , . · . Ω . ™
. . . . . . . ƒ , . , . . . , . . . . † . , . • Ÿ . , . _ . ≤ . π . . ƒ , , . . ¸ . ·
fi . . . , . , , . , ¸ . . · ¸ ’¸ . · Ω
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , , . , , · , · · . . . , . . ∏ , . · . , ∏ ≤ , · . ∏ ƒ . . . . . ¸ … . † . ƒ . ∏ . ¸
· · ·
commitment to March's provisional constitution,
continued support for Sharaf's government and the
preparation of a document outlining the principles
governing the appointment of a committee which will
draft the new constitution.
July 15
The day is dubbed the 'Friday of the Final Warning' to
Essam Sharaf to stop his attempts at political patching-
up and remove all NDP members from his government.
The Muslim Brotherhood and the Salafis refuse to
participate. Sharaf announces he is willing to resign,
but the Military Council restate their confidence in him
and his government.
July 17
The Finance and Industry Ministers resign along with
ten other ministers, and Hazem Beblawi is appointed
Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister. In the
latter role, he promises to set a legal minimum wage in
response to one of the most important demands of the
revolution.
July 22
A march from Tahrir Square to the SCAF headquarters
is obstructed in Abbasiya Square and scuffles break out
between demonstrators and thugs.
July 23
On the anniversary of the 1952 military coup, another
march heads from Tahrir Square to the SCAF
headquarters and is again stopped in Abbasiya Square
by the military police. A bloody battle ensues,
beginning with rocks and ending with tear gas.
Abbasiya Square becomes a rallying-point for the
Military Council's supporters, echoing their opponents'
demonstrations in Tahrir Square.
The Military Council accuses Kifaya and the 6th April
movement of causing conflict between the army and
the people.
July 26
ElBaradei calls for the formation of a broad coalition,
including the Muslim Brotherhood, to contest the
coming elections.
July 29
On 'Sharia Friday', thousands of Salafis and Muslim
Brotherhood members gather in Tahrir Square under
the slogan 'The people want God's law'. The event is
dubbed 'Kandahar Friday' by commentators.
The Military Council begins to retreat from the idea of
supra-constitutional principles document that would
safeguard the civil nature of the state.
- · ·
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ . _ . , , ˘ ƒ· s ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , . ∏ . ¸ ‘
’ . . ¸ Ω . . ’¸ . · , . . . . . ƒ , … . , . . , . . . . Ω . . ¸ . . , ¸ . . . , . , ≤ ·
. . ƒ . . . . s . · ’ . . , . , . . . , · . . . . . , . . , · . . ¸ . . . † . ™ . . . . . ƒ ,
- · , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · ’¸ . , ’ . , . ◊ s ƒ . · . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ · , ™ . . . , . . . ¸ ‘
. s ƒ . . · , , · † ¸ . . , . . . . . ¸ . ¸ ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ ¸ . , , . ’ . ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . . . ∏ . , ƒ , , ¸ · † . ƒ , ’ . . ¸ ∑ . . ¸ . , . ∏ ¸ . . . . . . √
. · . . . ≤ . . · . s ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . . . ≤ · · , · , . s ƒ . . ·
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . ≤ . . · , , , . Ÿ . . , · , . . . . . . · , . . . ¸ , , , . , . , _ . . , Ω . , , · , …
. · , . . ¸ · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , , , , ¸ . ∏ . . . , · . . … , . . . . , , √ . . . . , . . .
. ≈ . . . . . . . · . ƒ , . . . . . . · . ƒ . . . ¸ . , . . . . . . . ƒ , .
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ . ≤ ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . ¸ . ¸ ‘ . , . ,
. . , . . . , · , – . ¸ . . . , . s . ¸ . . , . · . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . ∏ . . , ·
- · , ƒ . , ƒ
· . ƒ · . · . . , . . . , · . ‘ . s ¸ ¸ ≤ · ¸ . , . ¸ . . Ω · - · · . . . . . ¸ . . ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ¸ … ˘ . ¸ . ¸ . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ ‘
. . , . . . , · . ¸ · , π . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , , . . . ¸ s · . . , · . . ◊ . . , . . . , ¸
. . . . . , Ÿ . . , π . ∏ . . ƒ ¸ . . , _ . . , . . . , · Ÿ , . , . . … , . . . ™ · , · . ƒ· , . ,
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . , · · . · ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . , , · . ¸ , π , s . . , · . . . , . · . ƒ · , . · . _ . , . ¸ , . . . . .
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . . . ˘ . · ˘ . ˘ · . . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ¸ . . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . . · ˘ , ˘ , ˘ , ’ . ˘ ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ . ƒ . ¸ ’ . . . . . ¸
· · , ƒ . , ƒ
· . . . · . . . ¸ , . · . Œ . ™ . . . ¸ ’ ’ . . ¸ . . . ∏ . , _ , ’¸ . ƒ ,
Ÿ . . ∏ . _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ · , . . . . . ¸ · . . . . · · . . . . , . , s . ,
. . . . . , · . . . . . , ¸ , . . , , ≥ . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ · . , . . , · ¸ . ™ . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … . ¸ , . , ≤ · Ÿ , . . _ · ƒ ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , ·
· · ·
Ÿ ∏ s , · . . . s ¸ , ·
. . . . . . .
Ÿ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . , . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I Am the People
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Military Monarchy
Sad Panda
Marghani, Heliopolis
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
. . . , , ∂ . ¸ . . ¸ Ω , . . . ƒ · , . . . , ¸
. . . . , .
. s . , · . . . . · ’ . ¸ , s , · . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , .
s ∏ . . . . . . . ¸ ,· , . . . . · . . . , . , .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
When the Perspective
Broadens, the Expression
Narrows
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
We’ll Come to Sharm and
Get You, Souna You Traitor
Hend Kheera
AUC Library, Downtown
photo: Hend Kheera
· · ·
. † . ™ . ∏ . . · ¸ Ÿ s . ,
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . , . . . . ¸ . ’ . · · ¸ ≤ ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈
. . . . . . . . Ω . ∏ ≤ ¸ . s ƒ ¸ . . .
. , . . ’ , . . . · . ≤ ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈ . . . s . . · . . ∂
. . . . Ω . s ƒ ¸
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Life of an Ethical Person
is Based on Living by the
Universal Order. The Life of
Bastards Contradicts That
Order
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Gezireh, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Masked Obey the Giant
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
, . . . . ¸ . . . ∏ . ¸ . ¸ Ω s . · ¸
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, ’ . ƒ , Ÿ , . . · , ¸ , ≤ , · . † . , . · . ∏ ƒ · .
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Metaphysical Issues are a
Waste of Time
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Salafi Bullets: Haram! Infidel!
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · ·
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · ·
. , . , . , . Ÿ . . , , , . . ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Military Police 1
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
Military Police 2
Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq.,
Downtown
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . . · , s . . ¸
. . . , ∫ . ≤ π , . . ¸ , . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . ™ . . . ¸ . . . . . , ·
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , . ¸ . . . . ƒ , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Enjoy Capitalism
Keizer
Ahmed Afifi St., Agouza
photo: Maya Gowaily
Pulp Fiction
Charles Akl and Amr Gamal
Tahrir St., Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. · ·
◊ ¸ , · . ≤ . , , . . , . . . , , . . , , .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ∏ ƒ ¸ . † . ƒ . . . · ¸
. , . , Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Noise Pollution
Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Freedom Smells of Gas and
Gunpowder
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· · ·
. Ÿ ¸ , . . . † . · ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I’m the Brains and You’re the
Brawn
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , . · · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , , . . . ∏ , ·
· , ƒ . , ƒ
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Purge the Interior Ministry
8 July
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
I’ll Be in the Streets July 8
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. ≤ . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
#noSCAF
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Retribution
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
· . . . . , . , . , .
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . . Ÿ . . . , . , . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Ω . . . . ¸ s ∏ , . ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Screw the Mother of All
Councils
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Girl Flying Airplane Kite
Sad Panda
Hassan Pasha Mimar St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
. ¸ Ω . ƒ . ƒ . , ƒ · ™ Ÿ ≤ . , . ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∏ s . , ·
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Sofa
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Respect Existence or Expect
Resistance
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . . s . . ¸ · , ƒ . , ƒ
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. . . . . . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Sitting-in, Holding on,
Occupying
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
He Hasn’t Been Tried ... July 8
Tahrir Square
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
· · ·
. . . ¸ , . . ∏ , . . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . . . , .
’ . ¸ ¸ . . . ∏ ƒ ∫ . . ∏ . ¸ . Ÿ . . . . _
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. ƒ . , ≤ ƒ . ƒ ¸ . . ƒ , . ∏ . . , · · . . ¸ ‹ ,
· ƒ ∫ . . ∏ . . ¸
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
If They call Revolutionaries
Thugs, then I’m Proud to
Say: I’m a Thug
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
he Revolutionary Youth
Carry Egypt from the Grasp
of SCAF, the Political Parties,
Feloul and Vested Interests
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
· π ’ . ∏ . . . , ¸ ◊ . . , . ¸ . , . . . Ω
. . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ …
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. ∏ . ƒ , . . ƒ , , . . ƒ , .
. . , . ¸ . , . ¸ ’ . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Revolution has
Revolutionaries to Protect It
Red Sea Youth
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Say No to Drugs: Hashish,
Pills and Egyptian TV
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
. , . , ∑ . · , . . s ƒ
. , . , . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ≈ , . ƒ . . . · ƒ
. ¸ . . . · . …
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Military Council
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
Mubarak: “I’ve Understood
You.”
Statement from SCAF: Don’t
Believe This Picture
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
. · ·
. ¸ . , · · . . ¸ … . ≥
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ≤ · fi ¸ , .
. . . . ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Tahrir Square: Liberated Zone
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Osman el Sharnouby
“Who are You?”
Fangary Big Mouth
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir Sq.
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
s . , .

. .

¸

. . , .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ∏ ∂ . . . . · , s . . . . . ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
The King of the Jungle is
Riding a Tank
Tahrir Square
photo: Maggie Osama
He insisted
El Tayeb
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Ÿ . . , fl ∏ , . ¸ . ¸ , ¸ s ¸ ·
. . . . . . .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Field Marshal is Making
Me Sadder
Sad Panda
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
· · ·
. . . . ∏ ¸ . . . . . . . . , . , . › ∏ . ¸
. . . . , .
, . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , .
s ¸ . . , . . . fi . , . · . ƒ . ƒ . ¸ . . ·
. . , _ , . . . . , ,
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ › . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
Be Cautious When Battling
Beasts Lest You Become One
Sad Panda
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Osman el Sharnoubi
We’ll Have Our Revenge,
Council
Hend Kheera
Downtown
photo: Hend Kheera
· · ·
. . ¸ . · . .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
· . , ∏ · . . . , . . . . . · . ¸ , s , · . . · . , ·
- · · · , . . . . , . ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
Tear Gas Bomb Made in USA
Exp. 2003
“I’ve Missed You”
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maggie Osama
A7A (Fuck that) Police
Tahrir Square
photo: Omar Kamel
. · ·
· · ·
The Battle of Abbasiya
Ambush
Military
Army
Revolutionaries
Central Security
Revolutionaries
Thugs
(Map of the Battle)
Arab League, Tahrir Square
photo: Omar Kamel
. ƒ · . · . . , . . . , ·
. s . . . . ·
. . . . s ¸ , ·
. , . ¸
. . ƒ ,
’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ …
. . ƒ ,
. , ∏ . . , ·
, . ¸ , . · Ÿ ƒ · . · ,
. . ƒ , . . . . · . . ¸ . , · . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
. ¸ . ¸ . . . . ¸ , ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . ¸ , , · . ¸ , π
. . . . , , ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
Maspero Head
We Persevere
6April.org
Tahrir Square
photo: Pierre Sioufi
Magic Head
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
Mubarak the Military Police
Keizer
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Power to the People
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ≤ ƒ . . ∏ . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . , ∑ . . ¸ . · . . . s ¸ , ·
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· · ·
- · ·
August 2011
August 1
The military police and hired thugs use excessive force to
break up a sit-in in Tahrir Square on the first day of the
month of Ramadan, and military police officers are
filmed attacking sit-in participants inside Omar Makram
mosque.
August 3
Mubarak appears at his trial in a cage, with his two
sons, Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and senior Interior
Ministry officials.
August 5
Military police use force to disperse a Ramadan sunset
breakfast in Tahrir Square.
August 8
The replacement of 11 regional governors fails to
satisfy demands for reform.
August 12
Military police break up a gathering of Sufis in Tahrir
Square.
August 14
The Military Prosecutor charges activist Asmaa Mahfouz
with defamation and inciting violence against the army.
August 15
Judge Ahmed Refaat, who is presiding over the court
hearing the Mubarak case, bans live television
coverage of the trial.
August 17
Deputy prime minister Ali Al-Selmy's document of
supra-constitutional principles angers religious political
forces.
August 18
Israeli forces pursuing Palestinian militants cross the
Egyptian border and kill three Egyptian soldiers. Egypt
demands an apology.
August 19
Thousands demonstrate outside the Israeli embassy in
Cairo demanding that the Israeli ambassador be
expelled and the 1979 peace treaty annulled. Ahmad
Al-Shahhat, also known as Flagman, free-climbs 23
floors and pulls down the Israeli flag.
· · ·
. . . . . ¸
· . . . . . ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , . ¸ . ∏ . , . . . , ƒ , . . . . . Ω · ƒ . . . ¸ . · . . † ¸
. . . . . Ω . . . ¸ , ¸ ‘ , . , , ∫ , . Ω . . , ¸ , . † . . , , , . , . . ƒ , ¸ . . ƒ .
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , , . . . ƒ , Ÿ . . . . . _ . . π . . . . . . . ¸ . s ¸ Ω
- . . . . . ¸
. , ƒ , . , . , ∑ ‘ · . . ¸ ’ , . Ω , . . , · fi . s . . · . ™ ‚ ∏ , · , . , , .
. . . . ‹ , , , ¸ . . ∏ , . · , · , . . ¸ , , , . . . . ∏ , ·
- . . . . . ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · . † ¸ · . . , , . † . . , . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ≤ ƒ .
· . . . . . ¸
. ¸ s · . , , · · fi . · . . . . . π . . ≈ ‘ ¸ , . . . . . . . . . ’¸ . . · ¸
· · . . . . . ¸
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · . † ¸ Œ . . . . ∏ . . ƒ · , _ ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. · . . . . . ¸
. . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · . , , . . . . . . · . . . . . fi . ƒ . . . . . . . , . . . ¸ , † ¸ . . . . , . ¸
- · . . . . . ¸
Ÿ . . . . . . , . . . , · . . , · , . ¸ . s . · . . ¸ . . ¸ · † . , · . , . , ∑
, . . ¸ ≤ π . ∏ . . . ¸ . . . , . Ÿ , . . . ¸
· · . . . . . ¸
· , . , ≤ · . . . ∏ . ¸ . . · . , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . . . ¸ . † . . ¸ . , . . _ . . s . ·
. ƒ . . ™ . . . . . ƒ , . . , . † . . . . , . , . . , . ¸
· · . . . . . ¸
. . ¸ · , π ‘ . ≤ , , . . . . · , _ · ∏ . . . , . _ . , ◊ . , . Ÿ . . ¸ , · , ≤ . π
- . . ƒ . . . . ¸ , _ . , . . . ¸ . . . . . . . . . ,
· · . . . . . ¸
’ ’ . , . . . . ¸ , , . . Ω . . . . . , . ’ . . ¸ · , ∏ , · . . . ≤ . . ¸ . . . . . , _ . . ¸ .
. . . . , ’ . . ¸ · , ∏ ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . . . . . . . · Ω . . . . ¸ . . . . . . . . ¸
, . . . ∏ ≥ - · . . . ≤ . , , ¸ , π . ∏ , . . ¸ · , π . ¸ . . . _ . . . . . , .
. ≥ . . . , , . . . , . . ¸ . . , . . . . .
Ÿ . . ¸ … s ∏ · . . ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Down With Military Rule
Mugamma, Tahrir Square
photo: Pierre Sioufi
, . . ≤ . . s , . . . . s ¸
. . ™ . . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
The Martyr’s Right Will Not
Be Forgotten ... The Egyptian
People Are Vigilant
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
’¸ . . ¸ ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
. . ƒ ¸ . . . . ∫ . . . ™
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , . . . ¸ ƒ . ¸
The Workers’ Voice Is Rising
Tahrir Square
photo: Osman el-Sharnouby
Strikes are Legitimate
Tahrir Square
photo: Osman el-Sharnouby
· · ·
. . ¸ · . . , , . · Ÿ ƒ · ∞ · ·
. . . _
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ¸ , , , s ƒ , . . , . · , , , . . , , .
, , s ƒ , . · . . ,
. , . , . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Free Mourn Their
Martyrs, The Slaves Cry for
Their Slave Drivers
Mustafa Mahmoud Sq.,
Mohandiseen
photo: Maya Gowaily
I Can’t Face the Situation
Teneen
Qasr al Nil St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
Don’t Hassle Me (Don’t
Make Me a Heretic)
Bassem Yosri
Zamalek
photo: S Boraïe
War, Fear, Peace
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . . · Ω
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . s . ¸ , . ¸
. . . . , , . . ¸ …
. ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
· - ·
The Military, Khaled Said and
Amr el Beheiri
hzb
Abdine Square
photo: S Boraïe
No Touching
Castration Awaits You
Hend Kheera
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Hend Kheera
‡ . ƒ ¸ . ∏ . . ¸ . . . ¸ ‘ . . . , ∑
. . . . , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . . , .
. . . . s ¸ . . . . . . . , . , . . ¸ , . , . , …
¸ , ¸
. , . , . . . . , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
· - ·
Ÿ . . ,
s . , ¸ ,
. . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Field Marshal
Keizer
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - ·
’ . . · . ‘ . . . . ¸ ’ , . . . . . ∏ ƒ .
· † . , ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. . , ∫ ≤ . , . . . . ∏ . … . . . ∏ , . . . ¸
. . . . ∞ . ƒ , .
¸ , ¸
. , . , . . . . , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Try, You Can
The Half Revolution
I Love My Country
I Dream of Egypt
hzb
Abdine Square
photo: S Boraïe
Difference in Hairstyle Is No
Cause for Acrimony
Tahrir Square
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· - ·
· . , Ω ’ . , , . . , ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . † . . , . . . ¸ ¸ , . ∂
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Ramadan ..
Recharge Your Faith
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Resist Imperialism
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
, . . . ∏ , ∂ , . , . , ,
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . . , . . ¸ . ƒ ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Pharaoh Guevara
Keizer
Gezireh, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
It’s Over For You, Chief (Adel
Emam)
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . ·
. . . ∫ , . , . √ , . . . ‹
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . . . , ¸ . . ¸ . . ·
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
You Betrayed the Pharaohs
(Zahi Hawass)
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Justice Today Adly
(Habib al-Adly)
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . ·
September 2011
September 3
The army build a 3-metre-high separation barrier
around the Israeli embassy in Giza.
September 7
The Military Council suspend the broadcasting licences
of new privately-owned satellite channels and threaten
the presenters, whom they accuse of inciting violence.
September 9
A large demonstration marches from Tahrir Square to
the High Court building in protest against the ongoing
trials of civilians in military courts, and a million-strong
demonstration reclaims Tahrir Square from the police,
who have occupied it throughout Ramadan and the
Eid holidays. The demonstrators demand a speedy
return to civilian rule and fulfilment of the revolution's
demands. Particularly prominent in the demonstration
are groups of Ultras, after recent clashes between the
Ahly Ultras with Central Security forces see a number
of Ultras members arrested.
The Israeli embassy is besieged by demonstrators angry
at the death of two Egyptian border soldiers at Israeli
hands and the insulting response of the government
and the Military Council. The protestors destroy the
wall built by the military and storm the building,
ultimately causing the ambassador to leave Egypt.
Violent confrontations between demonstrators, the
army and security forces in front of Giza Security
Directorate leave one dead and tens injured, and
demonstrators embark upon a sit-in in front of the
Israeli embassy.
September 10
The Military Council announces that the Emergency
Law will be renewed and its scope broadened to cover
the new crime of spreading rumours.
September 24
Field Marshal Tantawi gives evidence at Mubarak's
trial, which is leaked despite the attempts at secrecy,
testifying that he received no orders from Mubarak to
kill protestors.
September 27
The Military Council announces that parliamentary
elections will begin on the 28th November.
September 29
Security forces storm the offices of Al Jazeera Live
Egypt for the second time, confiscating equipment.
- . ·
. . , . . ,
- . . , . . ,
. , . ¸ , , . ¸ . . , . . , ’ , . . . · - . . . , . . Ω . . . . . , . ’ . . ¸ · , ∏ , ·
‘ . , ¸ .
· . . , . . ,
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . . ¸ . , . ¸ . . , . . . ∏ . † . . · , . ¸ . . . . ·
, , . ƒ . . Ÿ . , . _ . . , ¸ , . ¸ . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ . . . ∞
· . . , . . ,
. . . , . . . . . . . . ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ . , . ≤ † . . . . . . ‹ . . .
. . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . ∏ . . , _ . . , . ∏ , ƒ , · . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . , .
Ÿ , . , . ¸ · ƒ . . . . ¸ . · . . ¸ . . ∏ . Ÿ , . , . ƒ ∫ . . , ¸ , . † . . ,
, ¸ . . , . . , . . . . ¸ . . . . , · . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . ’¸ . . ¸ ¸ ‘ . . ∏ , ,
. . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , _ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . . s ˘ . . › . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ¸
’ . ¸ . ¸ . ¸ ’ . ¸ , ‘ Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , · . ∏ ≈ . ∏ . , · . . . , . s . ¸ . _ · ƒ ¸
’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … , . ¸ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ¸ , ¸ . ≤ . . . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸
. . . . . ¸ ’ . ¸ . ¸
. ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , , , ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ , , . . . ˘ . ˘ . , . ’¸ . . ˘ ¸ · ˘ , ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . ∫ . . . ˘ s ¸ , _
. . . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ , _ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ ◊ . , . , , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ π Ÿ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , , . ˘ ˘ ¸ ◊ s ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ · , . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … Œ . √ . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ , _ . · , . . ƒ . . , . . … · . . · . , . ¸ . ƒ ∫
. , . ≈ . . . . . , . . . , · . . . ƒ Ÿ , . ≈ . . … ≤ ™ · , · . . . . . , . . , . , ,
. . . . , ’¸ . . ¸ · , ∏ ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . , . . . . ¸ . , . . . , . s . ¸ . . , . · . ™ . , . ¸
, · ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ . . Ω . . , ¸ , · . ¸ . , ¸ . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . , , . , . . . ¸ ¸
Ÿ . . . . _ . , . . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , ‘ . . . . . Ω . . Ω . . . . . , . ’¸ . . ¸ · , ∏ , ·
· · . . , . . ,
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ · . . , . , . . . . π . ≤ . ƒ , . . ƒ , _ . . .
ƒ . . , . · . , . † . . ¸ . . . . . . · . . ¸
. · . . , . . ,
. . , . . . Ÿ . . , . . . . , … ‘ · † . , · . . . . ¸ . , . , ∑ . . ¸ . . . ¸ ¸ , . ,
. . . ¸ , · . , . . . , . . . . Ω . ∏ . · . ¸ , . ¸ . ¸ . , . , ∑ . ≤ . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ·
September 30
A demonstration against the Emergency Law takes
place in Tahrir Square, and six presidential candidates -
not including ElBaradei – release a statement declaring
that the Emergency Law expires today, as was
stipulated in the Constitutional Declaration, and
setting March 2012 as a deadline for the military to
return to barracks.
· . ·
· · . . , . . ,
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . · · ƒ · . , . , . . ’ . . . . . ¸ . , Ÿ . , ·
· · . . , . . ,
· ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ ≤ . . , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . , · . s . . . ¸ , ¸ . . , . . . ¸ . . . ¸
, . . . . , Ÿ . . ¸
· - . . , . . ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ‘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , _ . , , . . ˘ . , ·
. ¸ . . . ƒ , . ∏ ¸ · . . . · . . , . ¸ . ¸ . , . , , fi . . . , . . ¸ . . , . . . ¸
. , . . · . ƒ , . . ƒ , _ . . . . , , ’ . · , . . . . . ƒ , … , – . , . . . , . ¸
· · · · . , , . . . . ƒ . . . . . . s ¸ . ∏ . s . . ¸
· . ·
’ . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . ∏ . . , _
, . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ s . . π
’ . ∏ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . ∏ . . , _
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Military Trials for Civilians
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
No Military Trials for Civilians
Downtown
photo: Omar Kamel
· . ·
¸ ∫ . . . . , ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . . ¸ , ·
. . . , ¸ . ∏ . . . ¸ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People/Freedom
Talaat Harb St., Downtown
photo: Omar Kamel
Go to the Streets
Adham Bakry
Tahrir Square
photo: Omar Kamel
· - ·
. ¸ , . . ¸ . . . . , · · ’ ◊ s , . . . . s ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . Ω . . . . ‹ . . . . ¸ . . . ∏ , ·
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Execute al-Adly
Butcher of the Interior
Ministry
Ammar Abu Bakr
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Who Is Protecting the Tyrant?
No Military Rule
Ammar Abu Bakr
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
’ ◊ s , . . . . s ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Military Rule
Ammar Abu Bakr
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
’ ◊ s , . . . . s ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Military Rule
(Inverted Eagle)
Ammar Abu Bakr
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - ·
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … s

π . √
. ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ƒ , . . . ≈ . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Revolution Until Victory
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
SCAF: Eat This
Taz
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
· , · , ¸ . . , . · ¸
· . · ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
ƒ ∑ ƒ ∑
. ≥ . . . , ¸ · · , ƒ . , ƒ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Toktok
26th July Tunnel, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
9/9
Where Are My Things
Feda’i
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - ·
. , s ¸
. ,
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free the Embassy Prisoners
El Moshir & Hussam
Shukrallah
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
◊ ¸ , · Ÿ . . ≤ ∏ ¸ . . . . . , .
Ÿ . . , , . . . . Ω . . s ¸ . ∏ ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Anarchist
Taz
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ∞ , . , ¸ . . , , . . . . . , . . . . , . , . ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Atef Yehia
Martyr of the Zionist Embassy
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . . Ω ◊ . · , … . . ∏ ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . . ¸ … · ƒ . . . . ∏ ¸ . . . . , , ƒ . . ∞ -
s . , ¸ ,
. ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Yosri Fouda Original
Bassem Youssef A+
Keizer
Gezirah, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Essam Hamalawy Original
Keizer
Gezirah, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
. s . . , . . · ¸
s . , ¸ ,
’ . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , , . . ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Obese Pepsi
Keizer
Gezirah, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
Camera as Weapon
Keizer
Andalus, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . . , · , . . . , , ¸ . . . . , , . , ∏ ∂
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
. . . . , . . . , . . . ƒ · ·
. . . . , .
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
See What God Did, Souna?
Hend Kheera
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maggie Osama
Just a Sec While I Pop to the
Sit-in and Be Right Back
Hend Kheera
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maggie Osama
· · ·
October 2011
October 1
General Sami Anan meets with political parties and
presents the military's timetable for a handover of
power by March 2013.
October 2
Field Marshal Tantawi defends his testimony given at
the Mubarak trial and says that the army were not
ordered to fire on demonstrators.
October 3
Copts demonstrate in front of the Maspero television
building after attacks on a church in the village of
Marinab, Aswan. The military police break up the
protest by force.
October 5
Opinion columns in some newspapers remain blank in
protest against the military censor.
October 9
A peaceful march of Copts from Shubra to Maspero is
attacked by the military, who run protestors over with
armoured cars and use live ammunition against them.
27 Copts are martyred and hundreds injured. The state
media incite their audiences against the Coptic
protestors and call upon honourable citizens to
support the army in Maspero.
The SCAF deny running protestors over or using live
bullets, blaming the violence on a 'third party', and
promise an investigation.
October 10
A mass funeral for the Maspero martyrs takes place at
St. Mark's Cathedral in Abbasiya, with the name of
martyr Mina Daniel becoming particularly symbolic of
the massacre. The mass ends with a march to Tahrir
Square.
October 11
Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Hazem
Beblawi resigns in protest at the Maspero massacre.
October 12
Registration of candidates for the parliamentary
elections begins.
The Military Council denies the killing of protestors,
instead accusing Copts and 'enemies of the
revolution'.
October 18
Egyptian secret police broker a prisoner exchange
agreement between Hamas and Israel.
· · ·
s . ƒ . ¸
· s . ƒ . ¸
. . ¸ , ≥ . . . . ¸ . . . , , ∏ . ≤ ¸ . . . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . , . . . , · , , . ∏ . ƒ , . ¸ . . , ∫
, . . ¸ . . ≤ π . . . ∏ . · . ¸ , . . . . . s ¸ , . . , ¸ ‘ . . , . ¸ - · · ·
· s . ƒ . ¸
Ÿ . . , . . . . , … , . · ™ . ¸ . . , . . · ‘ · † . , · . , . , ∑ , , ≤ ƒ ∫ , . , . ¸
⁄ , ƒ· . ¸ . † . ¸ ¸ . . . , . ∏ ≈ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
- s . ƒ . ¸
. . . . ¸ . · , . , · ‘ . . . . , , , . . Ω . , . ≈ . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ Ω
. . . s . , . . · Ÿ . , , . . ¸ . . . . ƒ , . , . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · . † . , . . . . ≤ ƒ .
- s . ƒ . ¸
. . . . . ¸ … ‘ . . † ¸ . . . . ∞ . , † . . . . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . ¸ · , . . . . . s ¸ …
· s . ƒ . ¸
’ . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . , . . . ∏ . , · . · · , . • . ¸ . . , ¸ ¸ . . . . , , , . . . . .
Ÿ . , . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . ∏ ≥ . ∏ , , , . ¸ . . . . ¸ ◊ ¸ . , ◊ . . , ∏ · · · . . , , .
· ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . ¸ . ˘ ≈ ’¸ . ˘ · Ω ◊ s ˘ ƒ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ ¸ . ¸ . . ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸
’ · , . • , , . . ƒ Ÿ ƒ . . _ . . . ¸ · . . Ÿ . . . . . · ƒ ¸ . , . ¸ ‘ . . . . , , ,
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . s ¸ . . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , ¸ . · ¸ . ¸ . . . . ¸
◊ ¸ , , ∏ ≤ ≈ . . Ÿ . . ƒ· . , · . ∏ ≈ · . . ¸ . . . . . . . . , , . , . . . . . . ≤ , ≥ ¸ ¸
. ≤ † . . . . . . . s ¸ …
· · s . ƒ . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . . . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ , , , . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · Ÿ ¸ · . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ·
. . . . , . . . , · , . ¸ , , . . , . . . , , . . , . . . , . ∫ , . ¸ . , . √ Ÿ . . . · , , . , ·
. . . , . , . ≤ . . ¸ . . . , . ¸ ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
· · s . ƒ . ¸
. . , Ω . , , · , … . · . , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . , , , , ¸ Ÿ . . , · , . . . ≤ , π . . . . . .
. ∏ ≈ . . . . · . . . . , , ,
· · s . ƒ . ¸
· . _ . . ¸ . ¸ . . _ . · . . . . . ¸ . , Ÿ . , ·
· · ·
October 21
The well-known talk show host Yosri Fouda suspends
his programme in protest at the Military Council's
attempts to stifle freedom of expression.
October 25
The Supreme Administrative Court grants Egyptian
expatriates the right to vote.
October 30
The Military Prosecutor detains activist Alaa Abd El
Fattah for 15 days pending investigation into charges
of theft of weapons and incitement against the SCAF
during the Maspero events. As a civilian, Abd El Fattah
refuses to be interrogated by the Military Prosecutor,
and the following day thousands show their support
for him in the first of many marches from Tahrir Square
to the IIsti'naf Prison in Bab al-Khalq, where he is held.
- · ·
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . s ¸ · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , , . , , ’ · , . • , . . . . . ƒ , .
· · s . ƒ . ¸
ı . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ˘ . ‘ “ . Ω . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . ∫ ’ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ . _
. . . . ¸ , . . ¸ · , π
· · s . ƒ . ¸
’¸ . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ Ÿ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , . , . . ˘ ˘ ¸ … · ˘ ˘ ƒ . . , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ ˘ . › · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈
. † . . , ≤ . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . s . , , . ¸ , · . ¸ …
- · s . ƒ . ¸
. s . · ’ . , , · . . ∏ , . . . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ , _ . . . . , _ . ≥ . . . . ƒ , .
· - s . ƒ . ¸
. . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · ≤ ¸ , . , . ¸ . · . . , . . . . . ¸ - · , ƒ . . . ∏ ≈ . . ·
, . . · . . . ¸ · · . . · ¸ , . . . ¸ , † ¸ . . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … ‘ . . ¸
. . . . , , , , · † ¸ . · . . . . ≤ , ≥ . . · s . . ¸ . . Ω . . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · .
, ‘ . , ƒ Ω . . . ‹ – ¸ ∑ ’ ’ . ‘ , ¸ . . . , ¸ . . † . . . ¸ . . · . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ fi , . . · ‘ . . . ¸ ’ . . . . . . . . , . ¸ . ∏ ≥
· · ·
. . . . ¸ . . . ,
fi . · . ¸ , . . . . . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ . ∏ . . ¸ . . ∫ . ƒ . , ¸
. . . , ¸ · · , ƒ . , ƒ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Country for Old Men
26th July St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
General Sami Anan
Sadat Metro Station,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
s ∏ . . . , . . . , . ∫
, . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
. ¸ · . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . Ω . . ƒ , . ’ . ∏ . ƒ , _
. ƒ , . ¸ . , . . . . Ω . . . ∫
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Dancing to the Tune of the
Revolution
No Emergency Law
Abu Zahra & Hisham Gamal
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
We’re all Mina Daniel
Downtown
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · ·
. ≤ ¸ . . . ∑
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , ≤ ¸ . ◊ ∏ ƒ ¸
. . . . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Cow
Sad Panda
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
You Have My Rights
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
Ÿ . . , . . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . . · , , . s · , . . . π . . . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I’m Crowded, Confusing and
Crazy
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Field Marshal Mishmish
(Apricot)
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture St.,
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
Ω s ∏ . ƒ Ω . ∏ . . , . . , .
. . . , ¸ . , . . . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ¸ . ∏ . … . . ¸ s , ·
Ÿ . . ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Egypt is My Country Not an
Almshouse
El Moshir
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Om Kalsoum: Patience Has
Limits
Boustan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . ƒ , . . . ¸ . s ¸ ’ . ∏ s ∂ , ’
. ∏ s ¸ . ∏ ∂ . ∏ ¸ , ƒ . , . . . . . . . . , √
. ∏ ≈ . . . ƒ s ¸ , . ∏ ¸ . ¸ . . . . . · . . . . .
. , . · , ⁄ , , s ¸ . , . . ¸ . . ¸
’ . . ƒ . …
. . . , ¸ . . . , ∏ , ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
“The revolution isn’t a
monopoly. It belongs neither
to you nor to me. It belongs
to the one who lay his chest
on the bayonet, the one
who was shot in the eye and
didn’t cry.”
Abdel Rahman el-Abnoudi
Champollion St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ·
∏ , . ¸ . . . · ∏ , . ¸ . ƒ s . . ¸ . ¸ . . ∂
, . . ≤ . . s , . . . . s ¸
¸ , ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . · ¸
¸ , ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Protester
Try, You Can
hzb
Tahrir Square
photo Maya Gowaily
Wear a Suit, Wear Your
Boxer, But Still Down with
Military Rule
hzb
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
, · ∞ . . . . ∏ .
. . . . . ≈ . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Danger
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Stop Control
Mostafa Sadek
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
. . . , . ¸
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
. ƒ . ¸ . . ≤ ƒ • . . . . Ω . . . · . . . . Ω
. . . . ≤ . . ¸ , · . . ¸ ¸ . _ , . . ,
, . ƒ · . . . . ¸ · . ¸ · ·
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸ , . · . . ƒ . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . , ∏ , ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
If It’s About the Fall of the
Regime, It Hasn’t Fallen Yet.
What’s the Differences
between Then and Now?
Nothing.
Ammar Abu Bakr & Alaa
Awad
Champollion St., Downtown
photo: Maggie Osama
The Finger
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maggie Osama
· · ·
November 2011
November 14
The Administrative Court rules that NDP members may
stand for election.
November 18
On the 'Friday of One Demand', crowds in Tahrir
Square demand that the military hand over power by
April 2012. Despite having made the call for a
demonstration against the Al-Selmy supra-
constitutional principles document, Islamist groups
leave the square in the evening, deserting a sit-in
which around a hundred of those injured in the
revolution have been holding since November 16th.
November 19
Police forces break up the Tahrir Square sit-in by force.
Clashes break out when revolutionaries descend on the
square in large numbers with confrontations between
demonstrators and the military continuing throughout
the day. The military take the square with armoured
cars then retreat.
The army make heavy use of armoured cars, birdshot,
live ammunition and tear gas during what comes to be
known as the Mohamed Mahmoud Street massacre.
676 are injured by the end of the day; amongst their
number are many who have lost eyes, such as Ahmed
Harrara and Malek Mostafa.
Demonstrations take place around the Security
Directorate in Alexandria and two are martyred by
sniper fire.
The Military Council announce the establishment of a
'consultative council' to assist in governmental affairs.
November 20
Bloody clashes between soldiers and demonstrators
continue in Tahrir Square. Military police and Central
Security forces storm the square, clearing it of
protestors and setting alight the tents of the sit-in, but
retreat in the face of demonstrators' determination to
return.
Video clips appear which show soldiers dragging the
dead body of a protestor along the ground and
throwing it off the side of the road near a rubbish
heap.
The cabinet release a statement reaffirming their
commitment to holding parliamentary elections on the
appointed date, November 28th, and claiming that
recent tensions have been deliberately manufactured
in order to cause the elections to be postponed or
- · ·
ƒ · . ,
. · ƒ · . ,
. s . · ’ . , , · . . . _ ’ . † . . . ◊ ¸ ¸ . ƒ . . ¸ . . ƒ . ¸ ’ . . . . . ¸
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. . . . s ¸ … . . . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . · ‘ . ¸ , π · · · · s . . · ƒ ¸ ¸ . . · . , ·
· . . . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ , ƒ , · . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ , . , ≤ · . . . ∏ . ¸ . ∏ . , . . _ · ƒ ¸
. . . . . ƒ , , · . , . . . , ¸ Ÿ , . , ‘ Ÿ . . . . . . , , . ƒ . . · . ¸ . . . . . ¸
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· · ƒ · . ,
· ƒ ¸ . . . ¸ . · . † ¸ . . . . . Ω . . . . . ¸ . . ƒ , . ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . . ≤ ƒ . . . . . ∏ . ’ . . ¸ . . ¸ , ∫ . . ƒ , . . . . . s , , . , . . ∏ , . ¸
s ¸ , · ¸ . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . s ¸ . ƒ ∫ . , ƒ Ω . . , . ¸ . , . ¸ . ∏ ≈
Ÿ , . , . . Ÿ . , . . ¸ . , . . . . . . ·
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. . . , Ÿ . . , π . ∏ . . ƒ ¸ . , s . . ◊ . . , ∏ · Ÿ . ∏ . · . ¸ Ÿ . . . . _ . . ≈ , . , ·
. , ƒ Ω · · · . . . . . . . , . , , . ¸ · ≤ . , . , ƒ , , . . π . . . . ¸ , . , . . . ∂
. . . . . ≈ . · , . . . . . ¸ · . . . . · fi . . fi . ƒ . .
. . . . ¸ ¸ ‘ ’¸ . . s . . , , · . ƒ ∫ . . , ¸ , · ’ . ¸ . , . . . . . , . . . . _
. ¸ . . ƒ , ¸ . ¸ ¸ . · ¸ . ¸ . . . . ¸ ◊ ¸ . ∏ , , , . ¸ · , π · . . . . ·
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . . . . ∏ . ¸ ’ . . . . . . , … Ÿ . . . . . ·
‘ ¸ . , . . . . ƒ , . , · .
· · ƒ · . ,
‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . ¸ , Ÿ ƒ . , . ¸ . . . ƒ , · . _ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
, . . . . s ¸ · ƒ ¸ . ¸ . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … ≤ . . ,
Ÿ , ˘ ˘ . , , , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ¸ . ˘ ˘ · ,· √ . ˘ ˘ ¸ Ÿ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ¸ , ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ∫ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . , ‘ . ˘ , ˘ . Ω
Ÿ . . . . . _ . . s . , , , ¸ . . ƒ , . . Ω ¸ . . ¸ , . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ . .
. ≤ . . ¸ · , . , ƒ . , ¸ . . † ¸ . . ƒ . , . . . , ƒ , . . · . . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
, , ∏ ≤ ƒ , . ¸ ‹ . ƒ , . . ¸ , ≥ · ¸ ¸ Œ . ™ . ∏ ≤ . . . ·
· · ·
cancelled. The statement conveys the government's
gratitude to officers and soldiers who have behaved
with 'the utmost self-restraint'.
November 21
Confrontations carry on throughout the day, whilst
demonstrators continue to pour into Tahrir Square.
Doctors at the field hospital say the tear gas currently
being used is stronger than that used so far; whilst many
have been badly injured by birdshot, particularly in the
eyes, others have sustained bullet wounds.
The SCAF release a statement inviting political forces to
discuss how best to resolve the crisis and expressing
regret at the deaths and injuries of protestors. They ask
for caution and calm to assist the peaceful transition to
democracy. The Council also order the Interior Ministry
to set up a committee to investigate the recent violence.
130 diplomats sign a statement demanding that the
military hand over power by the end of 2012.
November 22
Tens of thousands flock to Tahrir Square and to town
squares around the country to stand by the
revolutionaries in a demonstration for 'national
salvation'.
In a televised speech, Field Marshal Tantawi affirms that
the armed forces do not see themselves as an
alternative to a democratically elected government, and
claims that the military have kept their promise never to
fire on the people. The army remain committed, he
says, to holding parliamentary elections, inaugurating
the new constitution, and finally holding presidential
elections, as was decided by the 19th March
referendum. He alludes to the possibility of a
referendum on the SCAF remaining in power.
The Military Council accept the resignation of Sharaf's
government.
The Military Council announce that parliamentary
elections are on timetable and presidential elections
will take place no later than the end of June 2012.
In message number 82 on the SCAF Facebook page,
Tantawi announces he is transferring responsibility for
investigations into the events of Maspero and
Mohamed Mahmoud Street from the Military
Prosecutor to the civilian Public Prosecution Office.
November 23
Intermittent clashes between revolutionaries and the
military continue in the vicinity of Mohamed Mahmoud
Street and Falaki Street.
Street salesmen hawking gas masks and face coverings
- · ·
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , . , . . . , . , . . , ƒ· s . . . ¸ . · . .¸ . ¸ . ’ . . . . . ¸ ‘
. ƒ . . . . ‘ · · ƒ · . , · · · · . , , . . ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . . π , , . . . . . . , π
’ . . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . · , . . , ƒ . · . . . . . s ¸ . † . , . • , . . ƒ . . . . ¸ . · . ∏ ≈
– ∏ , , , · . . · . . ≈ . , . . ¸ . . , . . . . . ¸ .
· · ƒ · . ,
. . . , . s . ¸ . ƒ ∫ . , ƒ Ω , ƒ · . . . . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ ≈ . , . ,
. . . ¸ , ¸ · . ∫ . , . . Ÿ . . . . . . ≈ Ÿ , . ¸ ¸ , ƒ ¸ . . . , Ÿ . . . . . Ω
. . √ Ÿ ¸ . s ¸ . . . . ¸ . . ∂ Ÿ . . . . . Ω . . . . . , · . . ƒ , . . , ¸ ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ∑ . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ ¸ ’¸ . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ ƒ . . ˘ . ‘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ ,
. . ’¸ . . . · · ¸ ¸ . . † ¸ ’¸ . . . . . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ ◊ ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . , . , . . , . . ƒ . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . , . . . , · . ∏ . ƒ , . . . . ,
. ¸ , _ . ¸ ’ , . · . , , , . ¸ . . . · . . . ≤ ƒ • . . . . , . , . . . . . _ . , , . . ƒ
¸ ¸ ◊ . , , . , . , . . . ≈ . , . . ∏ , · . . . ƒ ∫ . . , ≤ ¸ . ¸ . . . · Ω
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . ¸ , , , . . . . ∫ . . . . s , π . . · ≤ . . ≈ . ≤ . · ≥
. ∏ ƒ · ƒ . . ∏ ≈ . . , . ¸ , . · . . . . ¸ . . . . . ∫ . . ¸ . . . ∞
. , . , . ¸ · - · . . ∏ ƒ . . . . ¸ , . . . . . . . . s ¸ . . ≤ π . . . ∏ . · · , π , . , · · · · ·
· · ƒ · . ,
. . . ¸ ¸ ’ ’ . , . ƒ · . , , . ∏ ≈ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . , . . , ¸ . ¸ ¸ ‘
. . . . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . ƒ , ‘ · . ∏ , ƒ , · ’¸ ≤ . . . ƒ . . ¸ .
Ÿ . . , . . . . , … ‘ . . . ¸ ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ¸ , ƒ· s . , . ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . ·
. , . . . . . , · . ¸ . . . ¸ . , · , , . . ∏ ≈ , . . . . . . . Ω ¸ . · ¸ . . . ,
. ∏ ≈ . . . . . , , . ∏ . ¸ Ω . . . . . . . . . · · . . , . ¸ . ¸ ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . ¸
. , Ÿ . , . , , . . ™ . . . . . ƒ , . , . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · . , , ∏ ƒ ¸ . . ’ . . s . Ω
¸ ¸ . . . . . . . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … ‘ . . . ∏ . ·
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , ≤ , π . . . ≤ . . · . s ƒ . · . . ¸ .
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ ’ . . ¸ Ω . . . , ∫ . . . . . ¸ . , Ÿ . , . ∏ ≈ ,
Œ ¸ … . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · ‘ . ƒ . . · . . . √ , . , · , ƒ , ƒ · · · ·
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . . . ¸ , . . . . . · , · , · · . ∏ ≈ . ƒ · ™ · , . . , ƒ ∑ , . . ¸
. ∏ ¸ · , , . · ¸ , . . . . , … . . ≤ π . . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ . . ¸ . . . . , , , , . . ¸
fi . . fi . ƒ . . ¸ . . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · ¸ ¸ . . , . . · . . . . ·
. · ·
become a common sight, as do motorcyclists
transporting the injured, who become an icon of the
Egyptian revolution.
November 24
Mohamed Mahmoud Street is quiet for the first time in
recent days after the army erect a wall of cement
blocks to impede protestors.
Kamal Ganzouri, formerly prime minister under
Mubarak, is appointed prime minister and charged
with forming a new government.
November 25
On 'Last Chance Friday' the stages in Tahrir Square
have disappeared, to be replaced by unified demands
for the military to relinquish power immediately to a
'national salvation' government and for parliamentary
and presidential elections to be held as soon as
possible. The majority of political forces participate,
with the notable exception of the Muslim Brotherhood
and their party the Freedom and Justice Party.
A smaller demonstration in Abbasiya Square of a few
thousand SCAF supporters calls for the Council to
remain in power until the presidential elections.
The Ministry of Health's final count puts the number of
martyrs at 41 and the injured at 3,800.
Sit-ins in Tahrir Square and in front of the cabinet
building protest against Ganzouri's appointment and
demand that SCAF hand over power immediately.
November 26
Central Security vehicles attempting to pass through
the street where the cabinet building is located are
obstructed by the sit-in and forced to turn back. A
nineteen-year-old is killed by a bullet to the groin fired
by the retreating police.
November 28
The first stage of the People's Assembly elections
begins with high turnouts.
· · ·
- · ƒ · . ,
. . . , . s . ¸ . . ≤ . . · . _ . . ƒ , , . . . . s ¸ ‘ fi , . . . . , ¸ fi . .
fi . ƒ . , . . . , ¸ . . ∏ s ¸ , . . . . , . . . · . . , · . ƒ . · , · . . · . . . , .
, . . . · ≤ ¸ Ÿ ƒ ƒ . . , s · ¸ . . ≤ π . ¸ . ≈ . . , ¸ , . . , . ƒ , . . ¸
. . · . . ¸ Ÿ . , ¸ . . ∏ . ƒ , . Ÿ . . ¸ , ·
. · ƒ · . ,
. . , . ‘ . . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ . . ∏ . ¸ . ’ , ¸ . . . . . , · ’ . . ¸
. . . · , . Ω . ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · . .¸ . . . . . . · . . . . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . π . ™ . . ƒ ,
s ∏ , ∞ s . . ∫ . . ¸ , , … , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . ’ . . , ≥ ‘ . , . . . . . ¸
. , . , ∑ . . . . s , π , , , . . . , . .
- · ƒ · . ,
· . . . · . . ¸ . . · ’ . , . . . . . . . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ƒ . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . . ∏ ≈
. ∏ ¸ . . . . s ¸ . ¸ . . . ∏ . · . . . s π · ƒ , … ◊ s ƒ . · ¸ ≤ . . , . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ .
. . . . . ¸ . , Ÿ . , , . ¸ · . . . · ‘ . . ¸ ¸ , · . . . . , s . . . . , . ≤ ƒ ¸
. . . , . . . , · . . . . . . . . . ’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ , . ¸ . , . ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . ·
. . . . ¸ . . , † . . · ’ . . ¸ Ÿ ƒ· , . , ¸ . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … ‘ . , . ,
. . , . . . , · . . . … . , ≤ . · · ‘ . . . ∏ . · . . ≈ ¸ . ¸ . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , ·
. ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≠ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . · ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , · . , Ÿ . . ˘ ˘ . . _ · · · -
. . . , . . . ∏ . . , , , . . . . . ·
. . . . . Ω . . Ω › ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , . , . ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . s ƒ . ·
. . ¸ , , … , . . . . , · . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . . . . . ∏ , , . . ƒ , … . ∏ . . ∏ . ·
· · ƒ · . ,
. . , . , ¸ ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … – . , ∫ . , ƒ , . . . , ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , . · , . , . .
Ÿ . . . . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ . . . , . . . . . , . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ √ · · . . . · . ¸ . . . . . ·
‘ . . . , . , · . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ¸ . ·
· · ƒ · . ,
. . . Ÿ ¸ . ∏ · ’ , ¸ . ¸ . . . . . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . , ¸ · , . ∫ s . , ∞
. ∏ ≈ . . . . ƒ , .
· · ·
. , . ƒ s , ƒ . s . ¸
. . . , ¸ . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ƒ , . . , . . . . . . ·
. . . , ¸ . , . π . . . . , . . . ¸ , ¸ .
Ÿ , . . . . _
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Revolution Is Not a
Moment
Batal Ahmed Abdel Aziz St.,
Mohandiseen
photo: Maya Gowaily
Pinnochio
Gabalaya St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · ·
◊ ¸ , · Ÿ . , s π , , π
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
” ◊ s , . . . s ¸ … . ∏ ≈ . . . . , .
. ¸ . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . ƒ ¸ . ¸ . ¸ , ≥
. · ¸ s , . …
, . . . . , ∏ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
Ahmed Abdel Rahman,
Sentenced to 5 Years by a
Military Tribunal Based on a
Malicious Allegation
Downtown
photo: Pierre Sioufi
Free Maikel Nabil
Sabri Abou Alam St.,
Downtown
photo: Maggie Osama
· · -
When the Flower Blooms, They Take It’s Eye (Malek)
Kiro
Abdine
photo: Pierre Sioufi
. . ƒ , . . _ . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ · , . · . _ . . . . ∂ ¸ . · . , . · . _ . ∏ ¸ . . s . . . fi . s . ·
. . . s ¸ , · · . _ . ∏ ¸ . , ƒ . . . . . , . . . . ∏ . . , · · · _ . . . . . · · . _ . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ · , . · . _
. ∏ ¸ . . . . . . · . _ . ∏ ¸ , s . . . . · . _ . ∏ ¸ › ƒ . . . · . _ · . π · ¸ . . . . · . _ . ∏ ¸
fl ƒ . . · . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
, · .
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . . ¸ . ƒ , . , . . _ , . . . , . . · . , . , · , . . . ∂ ,
s , ,
. . . . , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
The Revolution.
“Who stole it? Who controls its media? Who prosecuted us
with military law? Who calls us thugs? Where is the tank?
Who’s driving it? Who ran us over? Who is setting us back?
Who is starving us? Who is killing our happiness? Who is
calling us traitors?”
The Military Council.
Zeft
Gezirah, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. . ¸ ’ , . . . s · . ≤ π
. . . . , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. · . s ¸ , . … . . . s · · . √ . ¸ ¸ ‘
, . . ¸
. . . . , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Do You Think This is a Smile?
It’s a Wound on My Face
(Dalida)
Hend Kheera
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Unbelievable (Shoueikar)
Hend Kheera
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · -
, . , . ¸ . π . ∏ . …
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ’ . ¸ . . . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , ·
. ∏ . . , _
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I Don’t Recognise Military
Tribunals for Civilians
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Long Live the People of My
Country
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
◊ ¸ , · . . , · ’ . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
◊ ¸ , · . . · . . ∏ ¸ ¸ , , ’ . … , . , . . ƒ . , . . · † . π . · . fi , ƒ . ¸
, . . · . . , ƒ . . . · ∫ , . Ω
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
#FreeAlaa
“My hope is that my children live a better life.”
Alaa Is in Prison and His Son will be Born Within Days
Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Freedom is Coming for Sure
Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … ’ . . π
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Brave Are Brave and the
Cowards Are Coward
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ¸ . . ¸ , . , . , . , . ,
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . › . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
SCAF Keep Out
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. , ≤ ¸ . . . . … . . . .
, , ’ . . . . ƒ· Ω . . . .
, ≤ ƒ ∫ , . , ’ . … . . . .
, , . _ · . . . ƒ Ω . . . .
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Cow Calls Out Haha
And the Unlucky Kids Haha
And It Says My Kids Haha
Are Fast Asleep Haha
(from a poem by Ahmed
Fouad Negm)
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
· . . . ƒ . . · .¸ , . . . . · . . . , π . ƒ ∫
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , ∏ . . · . . . ƒ , . . , , . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . . ∏ , ·
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Thuggery is the Natural
Evolution of the Interior
Ministry
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Boycott It, It Stinks
Money Laundering
(The Press)
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · -
. . . . ™ . . . ¸ . · . · , Ω , ∫ fi . ƒ .
. . , . ¸ . . . . . , … . . . . . . . ¸ . ¸ s ¸ …
. . , , . . . . . , · . , ƒ , . . . . ¸ ¸ . ¸
. . ƒ , ’ . . . ∫ . . . . . ¸ , ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, , . . . . , . . . ¸ . · , . ¸ · ƒ . . ≈ . ≤ .
, · . . . ‘ . . ¸ . . ¸ “ . Ω , . · . . Ω
. . . ∏ , · . ∏ . . , ·
› . ™ . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
And We’re Back (Police)
Is it Chaos?
We’ve Fallen in a Trap
It’s Not Alright, Sir
The Interior Ministry are
Thugs
Mugamma, Tahrir
photo: Maggie Osama
Wanted. Search with the
People. Lt. Mahmoud Sobhi
el Shenawi. CSF Officer
Accused of Shooting Tens of
Revolutionary Heroes in the
Eye in Tahrir
Ammar Abu Bakr
Tahrir
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
– , . ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . , . , , ’ , . . .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. s · ¸ . ƒ … , . . ƒ , . . . ,
’ . . . . _
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Dogs Bark and the
Revolution Continues
No Reconciliation
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Long Live the Ultras
You Called Them Bastards
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
No SCAF
Ultras White Knights
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
’ ◊ s , . . . . s ¸
, . ¸ . ¸ , , . . , . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . ∏ . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
, . ¸ . ¸ , , . . , . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No to Military Rule
Ultras White Knights
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. ¸ . . . , ∑ . . . … . . , ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . . . . _
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Reconciliation
Ammar Abu Bakr
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Know Your Enemy:
Hamdi Badeen
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
324
. . . . , . . . ™ . . ∞ . ƒ , . . . . . . , . . . . ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
† . , ¸ ¸ s , . ¸ ¸ ‘ . . . ¸ . ¸ ¸
. s . , · . , . · . . . ≤ ¸ , . , , .
. , , , ¸ . ,
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
A People who Have a Half-
Revolution Will Get Screwed
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Join the Largest Political
Party in Egypt: The Sofa
Party
Yes to Stability.
Yes Yes Yes, My Darling
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · -
¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ . ≤ ∏ ƒ ¸ . ¸ . , . · . . ∏ ƒ ¸
· . , ∏ · . . . , . . . ¸ . · . . ¸ . . , . . .
. . . ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ . ’ . ≤ . . , ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Vindictive Period
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
To the Kind-Hearted: Tear
Gas Required Urgently.
I can’t Breathe.
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. ƒ . . . . ¸ , · , . . . . . ≤ . . Ω . s ¸ . . ¸ . . . ,
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Glory to the Troublemakers
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . ∏ . . . . . , _
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Requirements for Our Future
President:
Man Not a Field Marshal
HK
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
, . . . . · , · , · . ¸ . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … ¸ ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , . π
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Fill in the Blanks: ... SCAF
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
s . π . . ≤ . Ω . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Message Nº 1
From the Egyptian People to
SCAF:
Leave
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
. . s ¸ . . . ∫ fi . . fi . ƒ . . . , . ¸
. ¸ , · . , · . ¸
. . ¸ – . ’ , . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ . ¸ . . , . ¸ , . . ™ . ∏ ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸
. . ¸ . ¸ ’ . π . . . ¸ , . ¸ . ƒ . .
. . ¸ – . ’ , . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I’ll object. No Condition Will
Be Imposed Upon Me. I’ll
Object Until My Freedom Is
Born.
Nas Underground
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Thank you, Mohamed
Mahmoud Heroes.
Freedom Doesn’t Come for
Free.
Nas Underground
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
. . . . ¸ , . . _ . . ƒ , .
. , . ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . . · Ÿ . . ,
fi . . fi . ƒ . . . . . ≤ .
. . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Field Marshal’s Massacre
Street
Formerly Mohamed
Mahmoud St
Hosni
Mohamed Mahmoud St.
photo: Maya Gowaily
Ahmed Harrara: Eye of the
Revolution
Mido
Tahrir Square
photo: Maggie Osama
. - -
† . ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ † . ¸ . . . . . , . , ¸
. . . . . ¸ , . . ¸ . . . . . ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . ∏ . ƒ . ¸ . . ¸ . , . . . π
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Dream On
(Army Boots on Egypt)
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photos: Maya Gowaily
Shoot Us with Bullets, Shoot
Us with Planes: One Way or
Another, You Will Go
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photos: Maya Gowaily
· - -
¸ ¸ . _ · ≤ . . , . , ∂ . , . , .
. ƒ . ¸ _ . s . , . . . π ¸ ¸ · . ¸
. . , . . ’ . . ¸ ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . . . , ¸ , . . . . Ω . . s ¸ . ∏ ·
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
Would You See If I Poked
Your Eyes Out and Replaced
Them with Two Jewels?
Some Things Can’t Be
Bought.
El Moshir & Hussam
Shukrallah
Cabinet Building
photo: Maggie Osama
. . , , . ¸ . ƒ . ¸ , , . . . . ¸ . . . ∑ , .
, ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Gas, Pellets, Bullets. Praise
the Lord
Hosni
Mugamma, Tahrir
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
. . , ƒ . . ƒ , . , . ¸ · . . ¸ . . . ,
. . . . , ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
– , · ¸ . ¸ , , ¸ . · ∫ , . ƒ· , , . . . . . , . . ¸ . , , . . . . . . . , .
. . . , . . ¸ . , , - · . . Ω “ . . ¸ , . , . . . . ≤ ƒ . , . s . . ∞ . ∏ ≈ . . , , . , . . . Ω . . , . • , . . . . s ¸
. . . , . ¸ , . . , ’ . . , s ¸ . . , . · . · . . . . . ƒ ¸ · † . . · , · . . Ω . ≤ † . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … ’ . . . . Ω
’ . . , ƒ , ’ . · Ω ’ . , . . Ÿ ¸ . . . …
. ∏ , . . Ÿ , . … · · . . Ω . ¸ ¸ , s . . . . . ¸ . . . . . . . . † ¸ ¸ , . , . · . , . · . . ∏ , , . . . , ƒ ,
, ’ . · Ω . ƒ ‹ - . ∏ , ƒ , . . . . . . . . . ƒ , , . , . . ’ , ≤ π . ¸ · - . ≤ . ∫ , . . . , . . ¸ . , . _
. . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , ·
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ·
Tribute to Samira Ibrahim, Daughter of Upper Egypt
Samira Ibrahim: 25 years, stripped and subjected to a virginity
test by army officers and soldiers; to avenge her honour, she
took her case to court. No attention, no audience, no media.
Alyaa el Mahdi: 20 years, exposed her body of her own accord.
The public and media leapt on her. Her picture received some 3
million views and over 50 articles and TV shows.
Ammar Abu Bakr
Cabinet Building
photo: Maggie Osama
Vote for the Revolution. Symbol: the Gas Mask
El Moshir
Cabinet Building
photo: Maggie Osama
· . -
December 2011
December 1
A police sniper accused of shooting protesters in the
eyes during the events of Mohamed Mahmoud street
turns himself in.
December 4
Demonstrators in Tahrir Square debate whether to end
their sit-in or join the sit-in outside the cabinet building.
December 7
The Ganzouri government is sworn in, and eleven
political movements decamp from Tahrir Square to join
the sit-in outside the cabinet building, refusing to
recognise Ganzouri or his government.
December 10
Tahrir Square is opened to traffic after 20 days of closure.
The sit-in outside the cabinet building continues.
December 14
80 of the cabinet sit-in participants suffer food
poisoning after eating minced meat sandwiches
distributed by an unknown woman. Rumours spread
that the meat was deliberately poisoned; subsequent
testing reveals that the meat was rotten.
December 16
At dawn on Friday, military forces guarding the People's
Assembly and the Shoura Council kidnap a
demonstrator from the sit-in and return him after brutal
torture. Demonstrators pelt the soldiers with stones,
and are met with a violent response. The protestors'
tents are burnt down and intermittent confrontations
last all day; the army use water hoses and clubs and
hurl rocks onto protestors from on top of public
buildings. By the evening, 255 are injured and three
martyred, amongst them Sheikh Emad Effat, a senior
cleric at Dar Al-Iftaa (the Al-Azhar body which issues
religious edicts) who is killed by a bullet to the chest.
The military police target field hospitals and forcibly
remove journalists and television crews, throwing their
cameras from the balconies of buildings.
December 17
The government and SCAF blame events on a third party.
The military storm Tahrir Square in violent pursuit of
demonstrators, later retreating.
Footage of a young woman being dragged along the
ground, brutally kicked and stripped almost naked
spreads worldwide on news websites.
Soldiers hurl rocks onto the revolutionaries from the
- . -
. , . . . ,
· . , . . . ,
· . . . ¸ . . , ƒ , Ÿ . , , ‘ . . ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ . , . . ∏ , . . . · . ∏ . , . . ·
. . , . . . ,
. . , · . . ≤ . . ¸ . ƒ ∫ · † ¸ ’ . . . . . Ω , . . .

· ¸ ¸ . . . . . Ω › ∏ . ¸
. ƒ , , .
· . , . . . ,
. s ƒ . · . . ¸ , , … – ∏ ∞ . , . _ . , · · . ¸ s · . ≤ π . . . . . . , . . ¸
. . . ¸ , ¸ ¸ ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , . . , . . ¸ · _ . . . . ¸ , , … , . s ƒ . . ·
· · . , . . . ,
· . _ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . ∏ . ¸ , , . . . · · , ƒ . . . ¸ ¸ . · · · . , . . . . ¸ ,
’ . . . . . Ω . . . . . , . , · , . . Ω › ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. · . , . . . ,
. . . · . . . , . . . . ¸ . . , . · · . . . . . . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . . _ . . Ω
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , . . . . . . , ∫ , . , · . ƒ , . . ¸ · , π ¸ , . . . . . . · . ,
. , . . . . . ≤ , ≤ . ¸ , . ∏ . , s . , · . . . .
· · . , . . . ,
· . ¸ . . . · , · . . . · ƒ ¸ . , . ¸ . . ¸ – ¸ . ¸ › ∏ . . ¸ . . . . .
, . ƒ , , . . . . . . . . . . Ÿ . . . . . _ , ¸ . . . · . . . . . , , · . . . ƒ , .
, . . . , · . . π Ÿ , . ≈ Ÿ . . . . . ƒ , , ¸ . . ≤ ƒ , . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . ◊ . . , . .
, . ≤ ƒ ¸ , . . , ’ . . . . . Ω . . , . ¸ . . . · , – ¸ ¸ . , . Ω Ÿ . . . . . _
. . . . . . ¸ ’ . . . , . s . ¸ . _ s ¸ , · ¸ . ƒ ∫ . , ƒ Ω
· ƒ ¸ . , . ¸ . . . . . Ω . ¸ . , , Ÿ , . √ , . . . . ¸ , ∏ ≤ ¸ ◊ . . , .
. ∏ ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . , . ¸ . . , . · ◊ . . , ∏ · Ÿ . ∏ . · . . ¸
. . . . . . , ƒ Ω - - · . . . . .

. , . · . · . . , . . . ¸ . , . , , . . . , ¸ . . . .
. . . . . _ . . . ƒ ¸ . . , ’¸ · . . . Ÿ . . ¸ , · . . . ∏ ≥ . , … ‘ . . . . ,
. . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , . . , Ÿ . . . . . . , . ¸ Ÿ , . , · . , . . , .
. . . . . , _ , . ≤ , . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ , ¸ ¸ . . , _ Ÿ , . , . , ∏ ≤ ¸
. . . s . . , ¸ . ¸ . ∏ s ƒ . ¸ . . . . , ¸
· . -
roof and windows of the Institut d'Égypte and the
building is set alight.
December 18
Confrontations continue in Sheikh Rihan Street, Tahrir
Square and Qasr al-Aini Street. Central Security forces
replace the army in Sheikh Rihan Street. Demonstrators
attempt to save precious books from the fire at the
Institut d'Égypte.
The military arrest 164 people and transfer them to the
Public Prosecution Office to face charges of rioting,
attacking security forces and vandalising a public
building. One of those arrested dies of his wounds
whilst in detention.
Tantawi visits some of the wounded at the Armed
Forces Medical Complex, only to be thrown out by a
furious female patient.
Politicians and newly-elected parliamentarians attempt
to intervene in confrontations between revolutionaries
and security forces, but are unsuccessful.
December 19
Clashes continue for the fourth consecutive day.
The Military Council hold a press conference in which
they deny all accusations of violence against protestors
and restate their commitment to a democratic
transition. They express regret over recent civilian
deaths and blame unnamed forces for attempting to
incite conflict. General Adel Emara threatens to
remove journalists from the conference for taking too
long in their questions.
A group of political movements organise a counter-
conference to show video evidence of the military's
crimes throughout the events of recent days.
December 20
Central Security storm the square in the early hours of
the morning, injuring numerous demonstrators and
burning their tents.
Thousands of women crowd the square in the early
evening to denounce the military's attacks on female
protestors. The barbaric beating and stripping of the
young woman whose blue bra has by now become
famous is described as the 'shame of Egypt's men'.
The Military Council release message 91 on their
Facebook page, apologising to Egyptian women for
the violation of their rights committed by the military
over the course of recent days.
Activists and revolutionaries prepare a campaign to
expose the SCAF entitled ‘Kaziboun’, or 'Liars'.
Calls to speed up the transition by conferring presidential
- . -
· · . , . . . ,
◊ s ƒ . · , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , ¸ . . . , , . ¸ · . . . . . . , . . ¸ ’ . . ¸
ƒ . . π ’ . . . , . s . ¸ , · . . . Ω . . . . s ¸ Ÿ , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ‘ . . . , . .
. . , . · . ∏ . ƒ , . , . . . . . . ·
. . ƒ , . . . . . , . , . . . ∏ , . , . ¸ , . , . . ¸ . · . . . , . . ¸ · , π . . . . s ¸
. . . . ¸ ‘ Ÿ ƒ · ™ ’¸ . · . , ·
. . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ˘ . ◊ . ˘ ˘ . , . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . ˘ . ˘ _ , . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ π
. , . ¸ . . ™ . . ∏ . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ … , ƒ· . … ¸ ‹ ¸ . . . . . ∫ . . , , · , ·
· · . , . . . ,
. . ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ , ’ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ˘ . s ˘ ˘ ˘ . ¸ ‘ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . , ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ , , ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . , , . ˘ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ˘ . ,
. . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . , . ¸ . ∏ . · ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ Ÿ ¸ s ¸ … fi π
· ƒ ¸ . , . ¸ ‘ . . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . , Ÿ . . . . ¸ , , , . . , . ƒ , ¸ ≤ . .
. s . . . ¸ . . ™ . . ∏ . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ …
. ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · ∏ ≤ ¸ . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . · · . . . . .

. , – , ∏ , , . ∏ . , . . ·
. . . . · . . , . · . . . . . , ’ . . . . . ∏ ≈ · ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ , . ¸ , . Ÿ . . . . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . Ÿ ≤ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ , ˘ , , . . ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , √ . . . ˘ , .
N . . . . . ·
. . . . , … , . ƒ . · . ¸ , . , . . . . . . ¸ ’ . . ¸ ‘ › .

™ s ƒ . ¸ … . ≤ , ·
. . . . s ¸ … . , . . ¸ . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . ¸ ¸ . . ¸ Ÿ . . . . . ¸
. . , . . . , ƒ , , . ¸ Ÿ . , ƒ , . ¸ Ÿ . . . , _ . . , .

. , . . , . ƒ , . . . . π . _
. . ƒ , , · ƒ ¸ ’ . ¸ ¸ ’ , fi . , . . , , . . . ¸ . . . . . . π
· · . , . . . ,
’ . . . , . s . ¸ . ƒ . . π . ∏ , ƒ Ω . ¸ . ™
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . ≤ . . ƒ· “ ¸ . . . . , . , . s ¸ · , · s π . . , , Ÿ ƒ . , ·
. ∏ ≤ ƒ ¸ Ÿ . . ∏ . · . ¸ . . . . . Ω . . . ∞ . . . Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , , ƒ· s .
. . ¸ . · . . . . . ƒ ∫ . . , ≤ ¸ . ¸ . s . . . ¸ ¸ . ¸ . . . · . . . ≤ ƒ • . . . . , .
. ¸ Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ , , , . , . ¸ ⁄ , . . .

, . . . . . . π . ∏ ≈ . . Ω . . , . ·
, ¸ . . , . . . ¸ . ∏ ƒ . . . . ∫ . . . , . , , . . . . . . . , _ . . . . ¸ . . ¸ Ÿ ƒ· “ ¸
. . . . . ¸ ’¸ . . . . , , ‘ . s · Ω
. ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ . ¸ › . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ ◊ ¸ s ˘ ˘ . ¸ . . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ ƒ· “ ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . † . ˘ . .
. . -
powers upon the newly-elected speaker of the People's
Assembly are rejected by the Muslim Brotherhood.
December 21
The day is free from confrontations, but marked by the
death of Mohamed Mostafa, a young engineering
student at Ein Shams University, national tennis player
and member of the Ahly Ultras. He dies from a
gunshot wound sustained the previous day, bringing
the death toll to 15.
Following Mostafa's funeral, demonstrations organised
by students at Ein Shams University spread to other
universities. In the stands at Ahly's next match, the
Ultras create an enormous portrait of the martyr with
their bodies, and chants denouncing the military and
demanding freedom resound throughout the match.
SCAF warn of plots to bring down the state.
December 22
The square remains quiet, but in the aftermath of
recent confrontations the death toll rises to 17 and the
number of those injured to 900.
December 23
The 'Friday of the Free Women of Egypt' or the 'Friday
of the Restoration of Honour' sees demonstrators in
Tahrir Square once again demanding the handover of
power to civilians, with coffins surrounding the square
in symbolic remembrance of the martyrs. A march
leaves Al-Azhar for the square after Friday prayers.
Another demonstration of a few thousand SCAF
supporters gathers in Abbasiya Square.
The final death toll is 17, with 1,917 injured.
December 25
Alaa Abd El Fattah, imprisoned since the end of
October, is released, and Ahmed Harrara receives a
hero's welcome at the airport upon his return from
Paris. He has no chance of regaining his vision, having
lost both eyes - the first on the 28th of January and the
second in the Mohamed Mahmoud St massacre.
December 27
The courts order the army to stop forcing women to
undergo ‘virginity tests’.
December 29
The Public Prosecution Office, with the support of
military forces, launches a campaign of raids upon the
offices of Egyptian and foreign NGOs, investigating
allegations of what it refers to as 'foreign funding'.
December 31
Thousands celebrate New Year in Tahrir Square for the
first time.
· . -
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· . -
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. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
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› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Your Eye
Ammar Abu Bakr
Cabinet Building
photo: S Boraïe
Legitimacy Comes From the
Square
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Overleaf:
Even if he loses both eyes,
he’s still a lion. Long live
Egypt’s lions
Ammar Abu Bakr
Cabinet Building
photo: S Boraïe
· - -
· _ . ≤ ¸ ·
Ÿ . . , , . . . . Ω . . s ¸ . ∏ ·
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. ƒ , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Revolution
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Where Are My Rights?
El Moshir & Hussam
Shukrallah
Mahmoud Bassiouni St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. - -
. . π . . . . , , ,
. . . _
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
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. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
Slap Your Disciple, Imam,
and Tell the Liars of His Red
Cheeks
Ammar Abu Bakr
Cabinet Building
photo: Pierre Sioufi
#Occupy Maspero
Teneen
Cabinet Building
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
. . . . , , , . . . , π . ≤ ƒ ∫
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
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. . . s , · . . . .
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Your System is Corrupted
Cabinet Building
photo: Maggie Osama
Maspero
Brain-washing
Cabinet Building
photo: S Boraïe
· - -
. ƒ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ™ ’ › . .
, · .
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. . . , , ƒ . s ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Wanted: Search with the
People
Ammar Abu Bakr
Hamdi Badeen
Cabinet Building
photo: Maya Gowaily
Our Descendants’ Revolution
will Bring Back Our Former
Glory
Zeft
The Cabinet
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. . ƒ , . . ¸ . ƒ ¸
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , . ¸
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Ultras Ahlawy
Mohamed Mahmoud St,.
Downtown
photo: Maggie Osama
The Revolution Will Not Be
Tweeted
Qasr al Aini St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
† . ∞ fl ∂ . . . . . ∂ . . . . , fi . . ¸
, . . . ∏ , ƒ . ∂
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. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Boycott the Elections in
Honour of Our Martyrs
Mohamed Mahmoud St.
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Wash Your Brain Yourself, So
No-one Washes It For You
Gezirah St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · -
. , ƒ , ◊ ¸ , ·
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Eyes of Freedom
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. . , . . . . ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
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. . . , ¸ . . . . . . .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Sheikh Emad Effat
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
Take This, Field Marshal
Tahrir Square
photo: Maggie Osama
· · -
. . ¸ ¸ . . , . . ¸ ¸ . ¸ , . . . . . , … . , , ∑ . ¸
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, · .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Hit Gas, Hit Bullets, Tantawi You’re Next
Occupy Maspero
The Solution and the Other Solution
The Revolution Is On Trial Not In Power
Lost Eye
February 2, March 9, April 9, May 15, July 23, October 9,
November 20: Not Forgotten
We Are the Tahrir People
Raise a Flag For the Revolution
The People Have Not Toppled the Regime
Zeft
Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek
photo: Maggie Osama
. · -
Overleaf:
Tank vs Bread
Ganzeer, Sad Panda et al.
Gabalaya, Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . √
. . . . . · . . . . , ¸
. . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . . . , . . ƒ . ·
. . . , ¸ . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
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, . ¸ . . · Ω , . . . ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . ≤ .
. . Ω ◊ ¸ , · . . , · ’ . . . . . s ¸
s . . ƒ ,
. . , . . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ , · π . . . ¸ …
Removes Darkness, Spreads
Freedom, Topples the
Regime.
Freedom is Coming for Sure.
Lying Soldiers
Wanted for Justice
Youssef el Gindi St. Wall
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Waiel Ashry
· · -
. . . . ¸ . . ∏ . , · . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ , · π . . . ¸ …
. . , . . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ , · π . . . ¸ …
Eye Patch
Mohamed Mahmoud St.
Wall
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Waiel Ashry
Auntie Non-Violence is Dead
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Waiel Ashry
· · -
¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ , · π . . . ¸ …
· . . . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ , · π . . . ¸ …
We’re Coming
Anarchist
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Waiel Ashry
WTF
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Waiel Ashry
· · -
. . ¸ . . . , _ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . , ’ . . ƒ . . . ·
◊ ¸ , · . . , · ’ . .
. . , . • . . ¸ . . _
, . , . . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ · . . † . . . , , ·
. . ƒ , . . ¸ ı . .
. . , . . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ , · π . . . ¸ …
We Haven’t Forgotten Tahrir,
Motherfuckers
Freedom Is Coming for Sure
Officers Are Bastards
You Scum Aren’t Up to
Bayeha’s Rage
The Revolution is the Plan
Mohamed Mahmoud St.
Wall
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Waiel Ashry
. · -
· · -
January 2012
January 1
The United States threatens to cut off aid to Egypt
following the raids on human rights organisations.
January 2
The Sayyeda Zeinab court acquits five police officers of
killing protestors.
January 3
Activist Ahmed Abu Douma and 15 others are arrested
on charges relating to the cabinet sit-in.
January 4
The Mubarak trial prosecution say Habib al-Adly and
his aides instigated the murder of protestors.
January 5
The prosecution demand the death sentence for
Mubarak and his aides on charges of killing protestors.
The Interior Ministry announce National Police Day is to be
merged with a celebration of the January 25th revolution.
Revolutionaries announce that the 'Liars' campaign will
continue, and rally support for an anti-SCAF protest on
January 25th through night-time marches.
In Imbaba, a public meeting for Ahmed Shafik's
presidential campaign ends in chaos when locals throw
chairs at the former prime minister, forcing him to flee.
January 7
Pope Shenouda's Christmas Day sermon paying tribute
to the SCAF, who are well-represented at the mass, is
met with chants of "Down with the military!".
January 8
Engineer and industrialist Mamdouh Hamza, politician
Ayman Nour, imam Sheikh Mazhar Shaheen and
activists Nawara Negm and Tarek El Khouly are all
summoned for interrogation on charges relating to the
cabinet sit-in.
January 9
Fifty-four political parties and movements call for
demonstrations on January 25th demanding that the
military hand over power no later than April 2012,
whilst the Interior Minister warns of plots to burn and
destroy the country on that day.
Lawyers for plaintiffs in the civil case against Mubarak
say that Tantawi and Omar Suleiman gave false
testimonies to protect the defendants.
January 11
The Military Council designate January 25th a national
holiday and encourage citizens to celebrate.
· · -
, . . , ¸ · · · ·
· , . . , ¸
. ƒ ’ , . ¸ Ÿ . . . . , . . . ≤ . ™ Ÿ . ƒ . ¸ . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . , . . . . . ·
Ÿ ¸ s ¸ ◊ ≤ ƒ · , ·
· , . . , ¸
fi s . · . . . , . . , , . . , _ - , . . ∫ . . ¸ . · . ¸ , . · · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
- , . . , ¸
. ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . . . . . . ƒ . , . · , - · . ¸ , ¸ . . , . _ ‘
. . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
. , . . , ¸
. . , . . · ‘ fi . s . · . , . , ∑ ≤ ƒ ∫ , . . . . ‹ , s , . , . . . . . . , · . ,
. ¸ . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ · . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸
- , . . , ¸
. . , . . · . . . . . .¸ . . Ω . , . , ∑ , , . . . · . . , . · . ≤ . π . . . . . ∏ . . . . . ¸ , ¸
, , , . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ , ’ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . ∫ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ · ¸ ¸
’ . . . . ∫ . . , . . ƒ , . - · , . . , ¸
. . ƒ , , . ∏ . ƒ , . . . . ¸ , . . ∏ · · . . . . s ¸ s . . . ƒ , . , . . . ƒ . . ¸ . · ∫
. . . ¸ ¸ . , ∏ , · . ∏ . . . . . , ƒ Ω - · , . . , ¸ · · · · . . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. ˘ ƒ· “ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . . , … . ˘ .¸ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ≥ , · ˘ , . . . . ∏ . . , ƒ , , ·
, . . , ¸ . . ¸ . √
· , . . , ¸
‘ · . . ¸ . , . Ÿ , · . . . , . . . . . . ƒ . . , . , ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … Ÿ . . π ‘
. ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . . · ∫ s ∏ . · . , . . . · , . . ≤ . , . . ≤ . . s , . . . . s ¸ .
· , . . , ¸
. . . . . . . s π . ¸ ‡ . , ¸ . . ¸ . . , , ¸ ƒ , . , . . , ¸ . . . . _ . , ƒ , .
‚ , . , . . , ¸ . ƒ ‹ . ∏ . . ≤ , ≥ ‘ . . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , , .
· , . . , ¸
. - . ¸ . . , . ¸ s · . . , . . . , · . . ƒ . ∏ . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω - · , . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . , · . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … . . . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . · ‘ . ƒ . . · . . . √ . ¸ , π · · · · , . . ¸ , . . ¸
· · -
US Deputy Secretary of State William Burns visits the
Freedom and Justice Party headquarters in Manial, Cairo.
January 12
The group 'Our Egypt' form human chains in the
streets and 'Liars' hold outdoor film showings to call
for massive demonstrations on the 25th.
Protestor Reda Abdel Aziz returns from Germany where
attempts to save his sight failed. The 19-year-old lost
both eyes during the events of Mohamed Mahmoud St.
January 14
Mohamed ElBaradei withdraws from the presidential
race, saying he cannot run for office in the absence of
a truly democratic system, attacking the SCAF's
handling of events.
After a meeting with Ganzouri and Mohamed Morsi,
FJP secretary-general Saad El-Katatni announces that
the Brotherhood do not support demands for a
handover of power on January 25th.
January 15
The military announce that registration for presidential
candidates will open on April 15th.
January 16
El-Katatni is chosen as speaker of the People's
Assembly.
An artificial petrol and diesel crisis spreads throughout
the country, provoking numerous demonstrations.
An IMF delegation arrives in Cairo to discuss granting
the country a loan of US $3.2 billion.
January 17
Tantawi warns of external plots and repeats that the
military will honour their previous agreements
commitments regarding the transition of power.
January 18
The US ambassador visits the Muslim Brotherhood's
main headquarters in the first visit by an official US
representative.
Regime thugs assault activist and blogger Nawara
Negm outside the television building.
January 20
Thousands gather in Tahrir demanding an immediate
transition of power, and 12 solidarity marches take
place around the world. The initiative 'No constitution
under military rule' is launched.
January 21
The final results of the parliamentary elections are
announced, with 47% of votes going to the Freedom
and Justice Party and 24% to the Al-Nour Party. They
are followed, in order, by the New Wafd Party, the
· · -
. ƒ , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · . ¸ fl . . . ¸ ◊ ¸ ¸ , . ¸ , . . . . ¸ ‘ . , ƒ Ω . . . ·
fi . . ƒ Ÿ . . _ . . ◊ ≥ Ÿ . ¸ ‘ · † . , · . , . , ∑ , ≤ ƒ . ƒ , , . . . . , …
, . . ¸ . . ∏ , . . , s . . . ‘ . . , . . , . . ◊ . . , · Ÿ . , . _
· · , . . , ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ - · , . . , ¸ . , . · ƒ . , . , . . ∏ · , . . . , · , , . . ƒ
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. . . . . . , , , ¸ . . , . , · ’ . ¸ , s , · , ¸ , , . ≤ ¸ . ¸ ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . · ‘ Ÿ . , π
· · , . . , ¸
. . · . . π . . . ¸ , · . ¸ . ¸ s · · . . . ¸ . . , . ¸ , . ¸ · , . , ƒ ‘ . . . ƒ , ¸
◊ . ∏ · · . . . . s ¸ s . . . ƒ , . . . ƒ . ∏ . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω - · , . . , ¸
, . . . . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . . ≠ . ¸ . . . ¸ · · . . . . , . ƒ . . ¸ , . ∏ · . · _
· . . . ∏ · ¸ ¸ Ÿ . , . . . . , · ≤ . . , . , · ‘ . . ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. · , . . , ¸
fi . . . , . . ¸ , . ∏ ¸ ¸ . . · . ¸ . ¸ . . _ ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ·
, , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ™ · ˘ ˘ ¸ , √ ¸ ¸ , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ , . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ™ , . , . , ƒ · ˘ ¸ . ˘ ¸ .
, , , . . , . . ƒ . ¸ . , . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. ≤ . . . _ . . ¸ , , … , fi . . . ¸ . . ¸ , . s . . . ¸ , . ∏ ¸ . s . . . ¸ . . . √ ,
’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ ’ , ƒ· , . , , . . ∏ . ≤ π . . . ∏ . · , ƒ Ω - · , . . , ¸
- · , . . , ¸
. . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ - · . ¸ , π . ƒ . . . . . _ . . ¸ . ¸ . . _ . ∏ ¸ · . . . ·
· · , . . , ¸
. . , . , . . . . . s . . . ¸ . ¸ . ¸ ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . · , · , . . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . . . . , . · . . . . ∏ · . ∏ , . ¸ , ¸ , . . . ƒ ’ , ‘ . . . . , · . . · . .
. ∏ . . , . . ¸ ’ . . . . . . ¸ , Ÿ . . . ¸ ¸
, · . . . . . . , ¸ . . , ‹ , . . π ¸ ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . , . . · ¸ . ¸ · , - . ∏ , ƒ , . , ’ ,
· · , . . , ¸
Ÿ . . , , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ∑ fl . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . , . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , . . . . ˘ ¸ . , ,
. . . . s ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . ƒ , . . . . · . ¸ . . , · . . ¸ . ∏ . ƒ . . . ¸ · , π
· · , . . , ¸
. . . . , . ’ . ¸ , s , · ¸ , , Ÿ ≤ ¸ . . . Ω . . . . · ’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ ‘
· · -
Egyptian Bloc, the Al-Wasat Party and the Revolution
Continues alliance.
Tantawi frees 1,959 civilians who were tried before
military courts.
January 23
Tensions in the first 'post-revolutionary' parliament
sitting. When being sworn in, some Salafi members
add 'as long as God's law is not violated' to the end of
the oath, which speaker El-Katatni says is a
contravention of protocol.
The US ambassador visits the Salafi Al-Nour Party's
headquarters.
January 24
Women demonstrators march from Mustafa
Mahmoud Square in Mohandiseen to Tahrir Square
calling for retribution and the immediate handover of
power.
Field Marshal Tantawi pre-empts the following day's
demonstrations by announcing the expiry of
Emergency Law, except in the of cases of 'thuggery'.
January 25
Millions take to the streets across Egypt to demand the
military hand over power and to affirm that the
revolution will continue. Clashes between the Muslim
Brotherhood and revolutionaries in Tahrir Square turn
violent, and the Brotherhood announce their intention
to hold a sit-in until the 28th.
January 26
The second 'Friday of Rage' sees hundreds of
thousands gather in Tahrir Square and town squares
across the country to demand the end of military rule.
Revolutionaries continue to express their anger with
the Brotherhood.
Marches and protests continue throughout the day
and a new sit-in begins at Maspero, where resourceful
activists use the television building as a giant screen on
which to project films documenting the military's
crimes against the revolution.
A number of disillusioned young Muslim Brotherhood
activists set up the site 'Ikhwan Offline' to criticise the
organisation, and Al-Masry Al-Youm prints the
resignation from the organisation of Mahasen Akram
el-Shaer, daughter of prominent Brotherhood leader
Akram el-Shaer.
January 27
Thousands of Ahly Ultras chant 'Down, down with
military rule!' during a football match and the video
goes viral on social networking sites.
· · -
, ∫ , , . , . . ¸ ƒ . , . Ÿ . . ƒ· , ∫ , . . . ¸ . ¸ , s ¸
. ∏ . . , · . . . . Ω , . . . , , . ∏ ≈ ƒ , . ‚ , . . , _ . , . ≈ . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ,
· · , . . , ¸
’ ’ . , . . . . . , , ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , , . . . , ƒ , . . . . ≤ π . . ƒ , …
. ∏ . . ∏ . · . , · · . . . , . . . , _ . . . ¸ . . . , . . ƒ , . , ¸ . · ¸ . , . . , . · ’
. . . . ƒ , – . . s , . . . . s ¸ .
· · , . . , ¸
¸ . · , . . . . · _ . . , . · , · ’ . . . . . ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . . . ∏ , , · · . ,
◊ ¸ ¸ ◊ ¸ , · , . . . . · . , . · , ◊ ¸ ¸ . . ƒ , . , ∏ , , . . . . . ¸ , . . ƒ · .
, . s . ∏ · Ÿ . . ¸ , · , . ƒ . . . , . . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ .
. . . . , … , . ∏ ≥ . . ¸ ¸ · - · · . . , . . ƒ s . ƒ . . Ω fi . s , . . . s ¸ , ·
- · , . . , ¸
. · · . ¸ . . . . ‘ , ∫ . ∏ . . . ¸ . ¸ Ÿ . , · . . . . . . . ƒ , . . , . . . . ¸
˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ , _ , ˘ ¸ , ˘ . , , . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ , ˘ . _ . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ , ˘ . , . · · ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . ’
, . . . ∞ . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ · . . . ¸ , . . . , . . . . . . s . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸ Ÿ . . . .
. ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ _ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≈ · . ˘ ˘ · · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · . . , , , ˘ . , . . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . , .
’ . ¸ , s , · Ÿ ≤ ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . ƒ , . . . ∏ . ¸
. · , . . , ¸
. . . , . . . . · , · . . . . . . . ¸ . , . , . . . . . ≈ fi . ƒ . . . Ÿ , . . . . _ ¸ ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . · , . ≤ . . . . ¸ . ∏ . . , . .
Ÿ . . , , . . . , ≥ . . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω - · , . . , ¸ . . ’¸ . · , . ¸ , · ∞ · . ƒ ,
. . ƒ , _ . s . · , . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . , ∏ . . ·
- · , . . , ¸
Ÿ · , _ , . ¸ . ƒ , ‘ . . ƒ , ¸ . . . ¸ Ÿ . . . , · . . . . s ¸ . . . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . ·
, ’¸ . · , , · . . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ . . . , . . · · . ¸ . . π ¸ ¸ . . . . . ∞
. _ ’¸ . ƒ , , . . ƒ , ‘ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . , ¸ . · , ’¸ . ƒ , , ,
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· · , . . , ¸
· . ∏ , ƒ , · . . . · . . † . . . . . , · . . . ¸ . . . . . · , , . . . . ¸ ’ ’ . ‘
. , . . , ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . · . . ¸ . . . . . . . ≤ ƒ • . s , . . . . s ¸ .
- · -
January 29
Revolutionaries and regime thugs clash in Maspero,
and Tantawi says that those attacking soldiers are 'not
traitors', but merely 'ill-informed' about the gravity of
the situation.
The Foreign Ministry announces it is ending contracts
with three Washington-based PR firms due to financial
cutbacks; the same three firms in fact announced two
days earlier that they were terminating all contracts
with the Egyptian government due to the scandal of
raids on human rights and civil society organisations in
Cairo.
January 31
Six separate marches head for parliament on the
'Tuesday of Determination'. The Muslim Brotherhood
form a security cordon around the marches before they
reach the building, and the situation swiftly descends
into fist fights between revolutionaries and the
Brotherhood which leave 43 injured.
· · -
, , . . . . ¸ . . ƒ , ‘ ¸ . · , . † . , , , . . . ’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _
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. . . . s ¸ . . . . . ƒ , .
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Ÿ . ¸ ‘ . ≤ . . ¸ .
· - , . . , ¸
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. . . . . . . . . , . s . ¸ . . ’ , . … , ’ . ¸ . · . _ . . ƒ , , ’¸ . ƒ , . . Ω
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2 1 0 2 / 5 2 g n i m o C m ‘ I
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· · -
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y r a t i l i M o N
e h t k n a h T d o o h r e h t o r B e h T
r i e h T d n a s r y t r a M
t a h T s ’ t a h W ! ! s r e r e d r u M
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· · -
Take this, SCAF. We’re
Coming 25 January
26 July St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
¸ . , . ¸ , . › ∏ . ¸
. . . , ¸ · · , ƒ . , ƒ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , , · . . Ω · . . . . ƒ , . ‘ . . √ . , · .
- · , . . , ¸
, ¸ . . , . ¸ ◊ ¸ , · . . . . · ’ . . . . . , · ·
. . . , ¸ · · , ƒ . , ƒ . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Important Notice
There Was a Revolution in
this Country.
25 January.
Where Is the Bread, Freedom
and Social Justice?
26 July St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
· · .
Don’t Worry, Mamma’s Love
6 October Bridge, Gabalaya
St., Zamalek
photo: S Boraïe
. . ¸ , . , , ¸ . ∂
s ƒ . ¸ … · s . ƒ . ¸ . . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. , . , . . . . s ¸ … . . ∂ . ·
s . . · . Ÿ ƒ . . , ¸
s ƒ . ¸ … · s . ƒ . ¸ . . , · , · . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Attention, Soldier
The Mona Lisa Brigades
6 October Bridge, Gabalaya
St., Zamalek
photo: S Boraïe
Commando in Stockings
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . ≤ · s ƒ . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . · . π . . . , . π
. . . . , , ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
This Hero Was Killed Here
Down With Military Rule
Maspero
photo: S Boraïe
. · .
A People’s Assembly of the
People’s Blood
Maspero
photo: S Boraïe
› ∏ . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . . . . . . . . .
. . . . , , ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Ÿ . . . . ¸
. . . . , , ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
The Protestor
Maspero
photo: S Boraïe
· · .
Factories Belong to the
Workers Not the Capitalist
Mafia
Qasr al Nil St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Ÿ . . . ™ . ∏ . . . ∫ . . ¸ . . . . . . · , . ¸ Ÿ . ∫
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . , , . fi . . . . . ∫ . . . ¸ …
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
El-Shaheed (the Martyr)
Mohamed Gamal
Egyptian
Qasr al Nil St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
· · .
Fear Us, Government
Qasr al Nil St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ‘ . . . . , . . s ƒ . ·
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . π …

, ƒ Ω - · , . . , ¸ · · · · ·
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
What Will You Do on 25
January 2012
Our Revolution Is Non-
Violent
Qasr al Nil St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
“A bunch of kids.”
“So What? Nothing wrong
with that.”
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ƒ , · . , . ∫ , . . . · , . . ƒ , . . . ¸ . , .
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
¸ ∫ . . . . , . . . , , . . . . , . ∂
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Be There on 25 January.
Be There Because the Martyr
Can See You.
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Don’t Forget to Remember
the Field Marshal
El Gezira St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
’ . . ¸ . s ¸ Ÿ . . ,
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . s , , ≤ . π
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Your Silence Kills
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · .
No Constitution under
Military Rule
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
’ . . . . ƒ , – . . s , . . . . s ¸
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
– , · . ∏ . . , . .
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Salute the Martyrs
El Gezira St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Ninja Outfit for Female
Protesters
El Gezira St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . · . . , . . . . ∏ . . . . . ¸ ¸
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ .
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Revolution Continues
El Gezira St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Kill Me It’ll Never Bring Back
Your State
Qasr al Nil St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . ∏ . ¸ . . ¸ · . ∏ ¸ . . . , . , . . , . . ∂
. ¸
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
s . . . ƒ , . . . ∏ . . , . .
. . . , ¸ . . ƒ , . . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Glory to the Martyrs
Kaziboun
El Thawra St.,
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Tahrir Square Now
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ ’ ,
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ∏ , . s ƒ . ƒ . ¸
s , ,
. . . . , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , , . . , ƒ ‘
Will You Collect the
Coupons?
Kiro
Abdine
Downtown
photo: Pierre Sioufi
· · .
My Dowry Isn’t Much, Just
the Field Marshal’s Neck
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , ¸ … . . ¸ s . , . . ¸ , · , · Ÿ . . ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . , . , . . . ∏ · , . . .
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Two Sides of the Same Coin
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · .
. . . ∏ , · . ƒ · ™ › ¸ . , . , · . ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ . . ¸ . ¸ Ω
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Art Is Not a Sin
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
Interior Ministry
Reality Is Just A Perspective
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Hey You! Don’t Give In
Without a Fight
El Gezira St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · ’ . . . . . ∏ , . . , , . . ¸ s ·
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
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. , . ’
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. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
A Square that Speaks the
Truth, Always Says No to the
Oppressor
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photos: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Butcher
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture St.,
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
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Pig
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture St.,
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - .
Don’t Repeat What You
Haven’t Seen
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture St.,
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ∏ ¸ . . . . . ƒ . ¸ . . ≤ ƒ . ƒ . ¸
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Human Dignity is
Untouchable
Ministry of Agriculture St.,
Dokki
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - .
25 January
Down with Mubarak’s State
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
- · , . . , ¸ . . ≤ . . , . · . , . , ∑
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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Enough Harassing the
Citizen
El Gezira St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - .
State of Revolutionaries
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. , . · . . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Shoot Us with Gas, Shoot Us
with Live Ammo, Tantawi
Your Turn Is Coming
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - .
February 2012
February 1
Calls for a million-strong demonstration on the 3rd
under the slogan 'The President First'; the Brotherhood
and Salafis refuse to join.
Football spectators in Port Said stadium storm the pitch
after a match between Ahly and Masry Port Said.
Security at the match make no attempt to control the
crowds. The ensuing massacre leaves 77 Ahly Ultras
dead and hundreds wounded. The Ultras' own
estimates place the death toll at closer to 200, whilst
the Ministry of Health says it is 74.
That night, thousands of protestors march through the
streets of Cairo and 30,000 gather at the central railway
station to receive the bodies and the wounded with
chants of "We will claim your rights, we will fulfil your
dreams… Down, down with military rule!"
February 2
Huge demonstrations make their way from the Ahly
ground to the Interior Ministry, and by the evening tear
gas has returned to the streets where another episode
of battles between revolutionaries and security forces
is playing out in the streets surrounding the ministry.
Similar scenes ensue in Alexandria and Suez.
The battle continues for four days. Security forces use
tear gas, birdshot, live ammunition, leaving 15 dead
and thousands wounded. Protestors tear away the
barbed wire and pull down the barricades that the army
have built in Mohamed Mahmoud St and Falaki St.
February 3
The clashes continue in Mohamed Mahmoud St and
Mansour St whilst mass demonstrations for 'President
First Friday' take place in Tahrir Square and in Port Said,
Suez, Mansoura, Alexandria, Ismailiya and elsewhere.
The wounded are transported by motorbike. Protestors
raise Ahly and Zamalek Ultras flags, and blame the
SCAF for the Port Said stadium massacre, demanding
an immediate handover of power.
February 4
Clashes continue for a third consecutive night. The
police deny firing birdshot at protestors, while the
Military Council maintain silence despite the increased
chants against them in the street.
February 5
A women's march in the afternoon demands an end to
military rule and an end to violence against protestors,
and a delegation of activists and parliamentarians
· - .
· , , ¸ · · · ·
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· - .
meets with the Interior Minister, who pledges that tear
gas will no longer be used; gas canisters continue to
explode outside whilst the delegation are on the steps
leaving the ministry. The minister repeats his pledge in
front of parliament two days later.
Forty-three NGO employees, including 16 US citizens,
are transferred to court on charges of illegally using
funds to cause disturbances.
February 6
Heated disagreements take place in parliament
between a minority of deputies who blame the SCAF
for recent events and a majority who blame both the
revolutionaries and the Interior Ministry. The debates
end in a resolution to hold an official enquiry amid
disappointment in parliament’s performance.
February 7
The clashes come to an end. The parliamentary enquiry
committee finds that tear gas and birdshot were used,
and that the Interior Ministry was attacked with rocks
and Molotov cocktails. The Interior Minister again
denies all accusations, whilst the military build the
ninth cement-block wall in Mansour St.
February 8
Revolutionary political forces call for a day of mass civil
disobedience on Saturday 11th to commemorate
Mubarak's resignation, and the army take up positions
in streets throughout the country in readiness. Islamists
and the mainstream media attack the initiative,
describing it as an attempt to cause unrest and chaos.
February 9
The Muslim Brotherhood ask the SCAF to dismiss
Ganzouri's government.
February 10
On the 'Friday of Departure', thousands march on the
Ministry of Defence demanding an end to military rule.
Loud military music is played to drown out the
revolutionaries' chants.
The Military Council warn of conspiracies to bring
down the state, and dispatch forces throughout the
country to suppress any civil disobedience.
February 11
The streets are empty on the anniversary of Mubarak's
‘stepping-down’, and the Islamists and state officials
announce the success of their efforts to foil plans for
civil disobedience, but demonstrations on and around
university campuses affirm that Egypt has a promising
student movement.
The report of the committee investigating the Port Said
· . .
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. . ¸ , , …
· . .
events blames both spectators and security, limiting
itself to naming the chief of Port Said security and the
head of the city's criminal investigation bureau.
Tantawi meets top US general Martin Dempsey.
February 12
On the second day of civil disobedience, universities
form 'one hand' to confront the military, and workers
are threatened lest they join the disobedience.
February 14
Students from Cairo, Ein Shams, Helwan and Al-Azhar
universities march on the Ministry of Defence, whilst
tens of thousands join an Ultras march from the Ahly
ground to the Attorney General's office to demand
that the martyrs' murderers be brought to justice.
The Interior Minister performs poorly in the first
parliamentary hearing on the Port Said events.
In a meeting with a parliamentary delegation, Tantawi
swears on his commitment to a transition of power by
June 30th.
February 17
Marches in Port Said declare security responsible for the
stadium massacre and demand an end to military rule.
They are joined by artists and activists, amongst them
parliamentary deputy Ziad el-Elaimy, who criticises
Tantawi in a manner which the SCAF and other
deputies deem unacceptable. They demand he be
summoned for interrogation.
February 18
The Interior Minister announces that the ministry is to
be restructured, saying that the matter requires careful
examination and will take six months.
February 19
The Egyptian ambassador is recalled from Damascus
after sustained public pressure.
February 21
On International Students' Day, thousands of students
march to parliament demanding an end to military rule
and justice for the martyrs. A student delegation
refuses to meet El-Katatni after he demands a meeting
with just three of the twenty groups represented.
Divisions both in and outside the People's Assembly
over el-Elaimy's comments on Field Marshal Tantawi,
and confrontations break out between anti-military
protestors and a number of retired generals who have
gathered in front of the parliament building to demand
that el-Elaimy be removed for his 'rudeness'.
February 22
Mubarak addresses a message to the Egyptian people,
- . .
· · · , , ¸
· . . . · . ¸ . , π . ’ ’ . , . ƒ . , ƒ , ‘ . . . , . ¸ ¸ , , , . . . · . ¸
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· ƒ ¸ ‘ . . . fl . ∏ . · ’¸ . , . • . . ƒ . . . . . , . ,
· · · , , ¸
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. · . , · , . . . ‘ . . . ¸
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. . ¸ . ƒ , . . . , . . s π . ¸ . . . . , , ’ . ¸ . . ∏ .

. . . · ’ . ¸ . ‘
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· · · , , ¸
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. ƒ . , · . . . . s ¸ . , , . , . ¸ . ∏ . . . ∫ Ÿ . . , , . ¸ . . . . , . ,
. · · , , ¸
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. ≤ ¸ , , , . . . · . ¸
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, , , ¸ . . . ∏ , · , . , ¸ . . . , . . ‘ , ∫ – ≤ , ≥ . ¸ Ÿ . ¸ . . . . , . . ¸
. ƒ , . . . , . . , . . . . , … ‘ . ≤ . . . ™ , · . . ¸ Ÿ . ¸ , ≤ . . , . ∏ ≈ . . ¸ . ·
. . . . , ∫ . ¸ . . ¸ . . . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . · ‘ · - , ƒ , ƒ
· · · , , ¸
. . . , ¸ . . , ˘ ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . s ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ , . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ¸
’ . . . . . ≤ ™ . ∏ ≈ . . ≥ ’ . ¸ , . ∏ . . . . , · . . . ≤ ƒ • . s , . . . . s ¸
. . . , ∑ ‘ Ÿ . . , ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . . _ , . . . . . . . , . ¸ . , . , , , , . .
· . .
whilst Habib al-Adly denies responsibility for the killing
of revolutionaries. The judge postpones the trial for
sentencing to June 2nd.
February 23
Two members of the Consultative Council resign in
protest at the military's attempts to smear the
revolutionaries' reputation in the media.
Presidential hopeful Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh is
attacked on his way back to Cairo from a public
meeting, and FJP parliamentarian Hassan el-Brins is
wounded when his car is forced into a collision. El-
Brins is deputy head of the People's Assembly health
committee, and had been involved in inspecting the
hospital at Tora prison in readiness for Mubarak's
transfer there.
February 26
Tantawi orders parliament to appoint the committee
which is to draft the new constitution.
Prime Minister Ganzouri delivers the government's first
statement to a post-revolutionary parliament.
Deputy Ziad el-Elaimy demands that his case be shown
to the Academy of the Arabic Language after he is
referred to the ethics committee for questioning over
his criticism of Tantawi.
The case of the NGO employees begins with only the
Egyptian defendants in attendance.
February 28
PM Ganzouri invites Salafi sheikh Mohamed Hassan to
a meeting to inform him of his adoption of the sheikh's
plan to compensate for the loss of American aid by
soliciting donations. Hassan previously boasted he
would be able to collect a sum equivalent to the US aid
in a single day, and the Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar has
also adopted the initiative.
The Shoura Council chooses a Muslim Brotherhood
deputy as speaker.
February 29
Judges in the trial of employees of the American
International Republican Institute and National
Democratic Institute resign. They had been under
pressure from a 'senior judge' to free the foreign NGO
workers. The accused are released and transported
within hours to Cyprus on a US military plane.
The definitive timetable for the presidential elections is
announced. It stipulates that the final results must be
announced by June 21st.
- . .
. ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ ˘ ˘ ˘ . · . . , Ÿ . , . ˘ ˘ . … . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , Ÿ . . , . . . ˘ ˘ . , √ . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ , , · . , Ÿ . , . ¸ , . . . ¸ ◊ . , . , . . . ƒ . . ¸ . . . ·
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. ∏ ≈ , . , . . · ’ . ¸ . . . . . . . ¸ ¸ . . . · . . , ¸
· · · , , ¸
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· · · , , ¸
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. ¸ . † . , . • Ÿ . ≤ . . . , ¸ Œ . ™ . . Ω . , Ÿ . , . . . . , . . . . . π . . † . ƒ
. . . . . . . ∏ ≈ · · ∏ · . . · .
· · · , , ¸
. , . , ∑ , ƒ . · , . . . . · ¸ ¸ . . . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … . , . , , . . . . . ‹ , . . ¸
. . . ƒ· , . , . · . ¸ · . π . . ƒ , ‘ . . s . · . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . ≤ . . . ¸ . ∏ . s ,
‘ · , ƒ , · · · · ·
- · · , , ¸
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‘ . . ƒ , · . . ƒ , . , ’¸ . · Ω
’ . . . . . ∏ ≈ . , . Ÿ . . , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ ‘ . ¸ , ≥ . ƒ . · ¸ ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ .
. ¸ . ƒ· “ ¸ . . . . , … . , . . , . , . . . . Ω . . . ¸ . , . ¸ , s , π . . ·
. . . . · . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . . , . . … s . . ∞ , . . . . . . . ≈ . . . ¸ . ¸ .
. . . ¸ . ’ . . . ≤ , . ∫ . , . , ∑
· · · , , ¸
Ÿ . . , , . . ƒ . , Ÿ . , ¸ ¸ . . . ¸ . . . , · . . . . . , . . , · . ∏ . . . . ƒ ,
. . .
. . ¸ , , … , ∏ ≤ ¸ , ∫ . , . , . ∏ . s ƒ . · . ∏ ≈ . ¸ Ÿ . , . . . . . . . ƒ , .
. . . · . , , . . . . ∏ , . ¸ , . . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · † . , . · . ∏ ≈ › . ™ . ∏ . ·
. . ¸ . , · . . . ¸ . . . . · ¸ ¸ . . · . ≤ , ,
. . . fi . s . · . . . . . ¸ . . . ™ Ÿ . ¸ . . † . ƒ , Ÿ . , . _ Ÿ . . ¸ , _
· ≤ .
· · · , , ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . ∏ . ¸ fi . . . . . . , , ∏ . ≤ ¸ . . . . ¸ , , … ‘ . s . , · . , . ∏ ¸
, · , . ¸ ◊ s ƒ . · , . , · . , . . , . . . . . , . . ™ , . . ¸ . ƒ . ¸ . . . . . . .
. . . ¸ . ¸ Ÿ . ƒ · ’ . ¸ , s , · s . , . . . . , . ∏ ¸ . ¸ Ÿ , . . , . . ≤ . . . .
· , . . . . , ™ . . ™ . , ∏ ≠ . . . . , . ∏ . . ƒ · ‘ , ƒ Ω , . . . , s . , · . , . . . .
· , π , · , . ¸ . ƒ , , . . . , ¸ ’ , . ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . . . ƒ , ¸ , ¸ s ¸ . † . ƒ . ¸ ’ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ , · , . . .
· · · , , ¸
. . ¸ . , , . · . ≤ † . . · , · . . s . · Ÿ . , . _ Ÿ . . ¸ , _ , ’ . . . ‘
· † . , · Ÿ . , . , ¸ . . , ƒ · ¸ . ¸ , . . , ƒ , … ’ . ¸ , s , _ . , . . ∂ . . .
. ¸ . . , . . . ∏ † . . . . ¸ · · . . ¸ s , , . . ¸ . π ’¸ · ¸ _ . ¸ Ÿ . , . _
’ . ¸ , s , _ . . , ¸ . ∏ ≥ . . ¸ . , , , ” . . . , . , . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . . · ¸ .
. . . s ¸ , · . ¸ , s , · . · ∫ . . . . . ¸
¸ . ˘ ˘ · , . . , ∫ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . · ˘ ¸ ’ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . . . ˘ · . . , ˘ . † . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ · ,
. , . . , . . . , . · , · , ƒ Ω · · , ƒ , ƒ · · · ·
· . .
⁄ . . . . . Ω · ƒ . . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
We Haven’t Used Force Yet
Ultras Ahlawy
Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Liars
He says the Army Protects
the Revolution
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
s . . . ƒ , · . . ∂ . , . ¸ . . . ¸ . . ƒ , .
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, ƒ √ . . , . ∞ . . . . . . . s ¸
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Yes We’re Chanting Against
the Military
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . .
Egyptian TV: Liars
The Heroes of the Battle of
the Camel in 2011 Died in
the Port Said Massacre in
2012
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ … s . . . ƒ ,
. . . ∫ . ƒ · . · . . . π · · · · . . ƒ · ¸
. . . . · . ƒ , . . . , . · · · ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
‡ . ƒ ¸ . ƒ · ƒ . ’ . ∏ ≈ . . , . . ƒ . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Stopping Except at the
Border
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - .
Egypt Can Fly
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . ¸ . . . . , ™ . . , ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ≤ . · . π . . , . ¸ . . . ¸ ’ , ƒ . . . ¸
, . ¸ . · , . . .
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
He Killed Egypt’s Youth. No
one to Take Him Out?
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - .
My New Face
(Sheikh Emad Effat and
Khaled Said)
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
, . . ¸ . . , .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
¸ . , , . , . ¸ . ∏ , . . . , , . · · . ¸
, . ∏ , . , , . . . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
If You See the Lion’s Fangs,
Don’t Assume It’s Smiling
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - .
Ultras Ahlawy (UA07)
Either We Avenge Them or
We Die Like Them
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
, . ‚ , . . ≤ , , , . ‰ ƒ ¸ , , , ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ƒ , . . . . ∏ . , ·
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Our Revolution Is Non-Violent
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - .
Martyr of Freedom
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , , . ◊ ¸ , ·
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . , . ¸ . . ∫ · · . . , . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ƒ
s . , , · . ≤ . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
No Justice?!
No Egypt.
Support the Retribution
Brigade
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
· - .
FUCK SCAF
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
, ∂ . ∏ . ¸
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ∏ . , ·
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Non-Violent
Youssef el Gindi St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
. . . . , . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ¸ s · . , . . . , . ∫ . ∏ , ∂ ‘ . , , .
· · · , , ¸ . . ¸ ¸ . . Ω
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Mina Daniel Movement. Stay
Home. 11 February. General
Strike. Be Silent and Die or
Live a Prisoner
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
Sitt el Banat (Princess of
Girls, Sobriquet for the Girl
With the Blue Bra Assaulted
and Undressed by the Army)
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Freedom
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ¸ , ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . . · , · . . . . ¸ · , . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Gun vs Spray Can
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · .
WTF SCAF
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
, . › ∏ . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . ¸ . ¸ , · . . . · . , . ¸ . . . . ,
. , . _
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Bread, Freedom, Justice
Get Dressed, We’re Going
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Silence Isn’t for Us
Down with Military Rule
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. √ . . . . . . . ¸ . , . . , . . ≤ . . s ,
. . . . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. , . ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . , · , . . . Ÿ . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Yes to the Third Party for
Egypt’s President
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Workers of Egypt, Where
Are You?
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . ∫ . . . ¸ , ¸ . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ∏ ¸ · , , . . . . ∏ ƒ ∫ . . ∏ ¸ · , , . › . ƒ ,
¸ . . Ω ¸ . . Ω . . . ≤ . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Claim Paralysis, Claim
Insanity, Execution by Law
The People are the Leader
and Teacher
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Resist the Tyrant
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . , Ω Ÿ . . . , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· . , Ω ◊ s ƒ . · . . ∏ ƒ ¸ . . s . “ ƒ ¸
, . , . ¸ . . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Resist the Government. Be
Silent and Die or Live a
Prisoner
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Ghandour Doesn’t Cheer
Anymore
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . , , . . π , . . .


. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ¸ . . . , _ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . , ’ . . ƒ . . . ·
. . ƒ , . s . . . . . . . . , · . s , s . . · · ·
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
We Haven’t Forgotten Tahrir,
Motherfuckers.
The Revolution was a
Disaster for You
Bab el Louk, Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · .
Poisoned media
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · Ω . . . . ƒ Ω
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . ¸ . . ∏ . ¸ , ƒ , ‘ . ¸ . . . ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Trash your TV
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
. . , . . ’ , . ¸ . ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Ultras’ Martyrs
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
. . , . . ’ , . ¸ . ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Ultras’ Martyrs
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
. . , . . ’ , . ¸ . ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Ultras’ Martyrs
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
. . , . . ’ , . ¸ . ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Ultras’ Martyrs
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · .
Mickey Mouse Tantawi
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. , s ¸ . . , . ¸ . . . . , …
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ . . ∏ ¸ s ∏ ∞ . . . . . ¸
. . ¸ · . . ¸
. . . , · . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Revolution Continues:
He Who Appointed Isn’t
Dead
Omar Fathi
Corner of Tahrir Square and
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Freedom Never Dies
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
◊ ¸ , · ’ “ ƒ ¸
. . . , ¸ Ÿ . . . ƒ , fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
◊ ¸ , · . . . . . , ƒ
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free Sambo.
The Brave are Brave.
Absolution, Abu Gad.
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
. . . , ¸ . . . . . . .
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Sheikh Emad Effat
And they said: Lord, we
obeyed our masters and
elders and they led us astray.
Lord, double their torment
and curse them with a
mighty curse.
Quran, Surat al-Ahzab
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · .
Suzanne Mubarak
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. . ƒ , , . , . , ∑
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
SCAF officers
Ammar Abu Bakr
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
· · .
Suzanne and Hosni
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. . ƒ , , , . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
s . . . ƒ , . . . , . . . · . . . ¸ .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Martyr First
Liars
Prostitution Politics
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · .
Ultras Ahly
Tifa
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
, . ¸ . ¸ . · , …
, . ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . ’ . . ¸ . . ¸ . ≥ . . . , , .
. . . . , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Prepare to Retrieve the
Martyrs’ Right. Ultras Ahly
Abdine
photo: S Boraïe
· · .
. . , , · fi . . fi . ƒ .
. · . . ƒ . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Mohamed Mahmoud Mural
Alaa Awad
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · .
. . , , · fi . . fi . ƒ .
. · . . ƒ . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Mohamed Mahmoud Mural
Alaa Awad
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
. . , , · fi . . fi . ƒ .
. · . . ƒ . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Mohamed Mahmoud Mural
Alaa Awad
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. . . · ¸ , . , . . , , . .
. . . ¸ . . . . , . ∏ , . . . , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Protester and Ballerina
Shaza Khaled & Alia el Tayeb
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. · -
Your Gas Lights Up Israel
Mansour Mohamed St.,
Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , ∑ . . ƒ , . . ¸ · , π ¸ ∫
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . . . . , ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The People’s Ambulance
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
No Stripping the People
Fahmi St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
’ . . . ¸ , · . . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
’ . . . ƒ , . . ƒ , _ ’ . ∏ s . · . . ¸
. . † . . · , · ’ ◊ s , . . . . s ¸ ’ . ≤ . π
. . , ƒ ¸ ’ , . ¸ ’ . ∏ . . , , . . . , . ·
– , . . . ƒ , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
No Extra-Terrestrials. No
Emergency Law. Long Live
the Revolution. Non-Violent.
No Separation Walls. No
Killing Azhar Sheikhs. No
Military Rule.
Fahmi St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
March 2012
March 1
Students at the German University in Cairo go on
hunger strike to protest against the expulsion of five of
their classmates who demonstrated to demand justice
for the Port Said martyrs. Videos made by the 'Liars'
campaign are screened on campus.
March 3
Members of parliament and legal activists berate the
government for submitting to American demands by
handing over those accused in the NGO foreign
funding scandal. Members of the Muslim Brotherhood
call for a vote of no confidence in the Ganzouri
government.
A political battle breaks out between the parliamentary
majority, composed of Muslim Brotherhood and Salafi
deputies, and other political forces over the
composition of the Constituent Assembly which is to
draft a new constitution. Islamists insist that the
committee must represent the majority, whilst others
argue that the constitution is a consensus agreement
that cannot simply be left for the parliamentary
majority to determine.
March 5
The SCAF claims it had nothing to do with lifting the
travel ban imposed on the Americans caught up in the
NGO funding case.
March 6
The Civil Aviation Ministry say that permission for the
landing and take-off of the plane that transported the
accused US citizens out of the country was granted by
the SCAF. The Minister for Civil Aviation explains that
he has no jurisdiction over military planes, or planes
belonging to foreign governments.
Hundreds of Ultras gather at Zaafarana Palace to
demand justice for the martyrs.
The Education Ministry circulates a memo to schools
and school boards prohibiting student political activity
and warning against the teaching of any subjects
which involve mention of the deposed president, so as
to avoid 'disagreements between pupils'.
Prime Minister Ganzouri again denies responsibility for
releasing the foreign suspects. Within the judicial
community, there are calls to withdraw confidence
from Abd Al-Mu'izz Ibrahim, president of the Court of
Appeals, who ordered their release, for violating
'accepted norms' of judicial practice. Abd al-Mu'izz
· · -
. . , . ¸ · · · ·
· . . , . ¸
. · ¸ ‘ . . . . · ’ Ÿ . , · , . ∏ . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . Ω . . . · ¸ ,
. . . . · . . . . π - . ¸ , . · · , , . . ƒ . . . . ¸ . . ∏ . . . . , · . . . ≤ . . . . ¸
. . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . , · ˘ . . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ . ¸ · ˘ , ˘ . , ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ · · s ˘ . . . ˘ ƒ , .
. . π . . . . ·
- . . , . ¸
˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ Ÿ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ , , . . ˘ . ˘ . . , . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ · ˘ , ˘ ƒ , , ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , ◊ s ˘ ƒ . ˘ · . . . ˘ , .
. ˘ ˘ ¸ s ˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . , . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ , ˘ . _ ‘ · † . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , ˘ π
’ . . , ¸ . , ’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . ƒ , , . . . , ƒ , . . . . . . . ≤ · . ¸ . s ƒ . ·
. . ¸ , , …
˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ s ˘ ˘ · . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . _ ’ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ , ˘ · . , Ÿ . ˘ , ˘ · ‡ . ˘ ∏ ˘ · ‘ ’¸ . ˘ ƒ ,
, . . . ∏ . , _ . ¸ . . . . , ’ . ¸ ¸ , . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . , . . . , · ’ . ¸ ¸ . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ƒ ∫ ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ π ‘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ , ˘ · , ¸
’¸ . . · . , ƒ , . † . ¸ , , . “ . , π ’ . ∏ , , · . , , . . . , . , ’ . ¸ . . , . . . . . ƒ ,
. . ∏ , · ƒ · ≤ , · ’ , . . , , ¸ ∑ ◊ . . , . . . . , . . · . ∏ , , · . , Ÿ . , ·
- . . , . ¸
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … , . , . ¸ ¸ . . . . · ¸ , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ . ∏ ≈ ’ . ¸ , s , _
Ÿ . , . _ ‘ · † . , · · . . . ƒ , π ’ . . , ¸ .
· . . , . ¸
, , , . . . , , Ÿ . ¸ . ∏ ¸ , . , ƒ • , ¸ · · ¸ . . . · ¸ . . . ¸ · ∏ .
Ÿ . , . _ ‘ · † . , · · . . . ƒ , π ’ . . , ¸ . · . ” . .¸ . , . ¸ . ∏ . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … . , . . ¸ ¸ , , , ¸ . . , , · . , . ¸ . ƒ , , · , · . . · . , . ¸
. ∏ . . . . π . ™ . . . · ¸ ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · , ∏ ∂ . . . . . · ◊ s ƒ . . ¸ . . , ∫
. . π . . , . , · ’ . ¸ , s , ·
Ÿ . . ¸ . ¸ ’ , . ¸ . ¸ , . . . . ¸ , , . . Ω · . . ¸ . ¸ . . ¸ · . ∏ . . . . , ·
. . . ≤ . . . . ¸ . ∏ . . , . .
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ¸ , , , . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ , ¸ ¸ . ˘ . , ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ , , Ÿ . , . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸
. , , . ¸ … . ƒ . . ƒ . . ¸ . , . . , · . . . , ∫ . ¸ · , . ¸ ı ∏ ƒ ¸ . . . . · . ∏ . · .
· · -
Ibrahim first came to public attention for his role in
supervising the parliamentary elections.
March 7
Mansour Hassan, Minister for Presidential Affairs
during the reign of Anwar El-Sadat and chair of the
Consultative Council, announces his candidacy in the
presidential elections after prior agreement with SCAF.
Rumours of Muslim Brotherhood backing are soon
dispelled.
The Supreme Guide of the Muslim Brotherhood pays
Pope Shenouda an unprecedented visit at St. Mark's
Cathedral in Abbasiya to check on his health.
March 8
The Criminal Court demands the presence of the
American defendants in an early hearing of the foreign
funding case.
A court once again acquits an officer accused of killing
protesters on 28 January 2011 in Shurabeya.
March 9
Activists begin painting on the separation barriers
around the Ministry of the Interior and on Mohamed
Mahmoud, Sheikh Rihan, and Qasr al-Aini Streets as
part of the 'Without Walls' campaign.
Application for presidential candidacy officially begins.
On the 'Friday of Imposing Our Will', two marches
head toward the Ministry of Defence to protest against
the drafting of the constitution under military rule.
There is a demonstration in Tahrir Square to
commemorate the violent breakup of the sit-in on
March 9th 2011, during which 150 activists, men and
women, were arrested, and many of the women were
forced to undergo ‘virginity tests’.
Rumblings of dissent within the youth wing of the
Muslim Brotherhood following rumours that the
Brotherhood and FJP are to back Mansour Hassan in
the presidential elections. The Brotherhood and their
party reiterate that they have not taken a decision to
that effect.
The Ministry of Civil Aviation deny the Civil Aviation
Minister's testimony that consent for the landing and
take-off of the US plane that transported the suspects
out of the country was granted by the SCAF.
March 11
After defending his record as prime minister before
parliament, the People's Assembly issue a decree
advising no confidence in Ganzouri and his government.
A military tribunal acquits the conscript accused of
subjecting female activists to ‘virginity tests’ after their
- · -
. _ . . · ¸ . . , . . ¸ . . . . . • . . . , . . . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . · ¸ Ÿ . , . ¸
. . ¸ , , … , . , › . . . ¸ . . . , Ÿ . , . _ ’ . . . . , . . . . .
. . ˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ π . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ™ . ˘ ˘ ≤ † . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ · . ˘ ¸ . ˘ , ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ ¸
¸ . ¸ . , , , · , . ¸ fi s . · ’ . . . . . . . . . … . ¸ . . . . . , Ÿ . , . _ ‘
. ¸ , _ . ∏ ≈ · . ≤ ƒ . . Ÿ ¸ . , · . ‘ · , , . ≤ † . . . Ÿ . . ¸ … s . , . , .
Ÿ . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ , · ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ · . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . , ˘ · Ÿ ¸ · ˘ , ˘ · ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . ¸
. , Ÿ . ,
· . . , . ¸
. . . . ƒ , . . . ¸ , , , ¸ . . . ƒ , , · . . . · . . , ƒ , , · ‘ . , . . . . . . ¸ .
, , · , . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ ’ . . . . . . , … , . ∏ ¸ ¸ . . . · . ∏ ¸ · . . . · . . . . . . . . , ≥ . ™
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . , . , ƒ· ¸ . . . . , . . . Ω . . . . , . . . ¸ , . . . . . ,
’¸ . ƒ , . ·
Ÿ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ ·¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , , ˘ ˘ ¸ , , . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . . ‘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ . , · ˘ , ˘ ·
Ÿ ¸ · . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · ‘ . . ˘ . . ˘ ≤ ˘ · . ˘ ¸ ’ , ¸ . ˘ ¸ ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ π
’ . . . . . , . ∏ ≈ . . . · . , . . .
· . . , . ¸
fi s . · . . . , . ¸ . ∏ . . . , . , ¸ . † . . , Ÿ . , . _ ’ . ¸ , s , _ ‘
· † . , · . . . ƒ , π ‘ , ∫ . ∏ . . . , . . . . ¸ . ≤ † . , ·
. ¸ . . ¸ ¸ – s , fi s . · . . . ¸ , · . , . . . . . † . , . • Ÿ . , . _
. ≤ . π Ÿ . . . . ¸ , ¸ ‘ · · , . . , ¸ · · · · . . . . . ¸ . , ·
· . . , . ¸
. . . . ƒ , , ≤ ƒ . ƒ , . . . ¸ . . , . ∏ ≈ . . , , . . . , . · ‘ fi , . , , , .
. ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · , . . ˘ . , ¸ fi . ˘ . fi . ˘ ƒ . , . . ˘ . , ¸ . . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , , ˘ . ˘ . , , . . ˘ . , ¸
. ≤ . . ¸ . . , . ¸ ‘ . . ∏ · · . · . . , , .
. , . . , . . . , . ‘ ∏ ≤ ¸ , , ¸ Ÿ ¸ . . . _ . ¸ · . . . · . . , ƒ , , ·
‘ · . . . · · ¸ . ¸ ’¸ , . . . . . . . ¸ . , . ƒ . , . , ¸ ¸ . ≤ ¸ , , , . . . · . ¸
, · † . . . ƒ . . ™ . . . . . ƒ , – . ◊ s , . . . . s ¸ … . , . . . . ¸ . . , . ,
. . . ¸ , ¸ ‘ . s ¸ ¸ · † ¸ . . . . . Ω · . . , . ¸ · · · · . . . ≤ ƒ . . . . . . . ”
¸ . ≤ . . . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ · - · . . . . . , . . . . · . ¸ . . . . . . , . ¸ . . , ¸
. s . . ƒ . . . . , , ·
· · -
arrest during the forced dispersal of the sit-in on 9
March 2011.
Forty days after the Port Said tragedy, thousands of
demonstrators protest at the University of Mansoura to
demand justice for the martyrs.
Labour tensions rise in Cairo and other governorates.
The Director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina and three
of his assistants are charged with abuse of power.
Five Coptic families return to their homes in Amiriya,
near Alexandria, having been driven from the village
after rumours spread that a Coptic youth had circulated
photographs of himself and a Muslim girl having sex.
March 12
Tantawi intervenes to soothe tensions between
parliament and government, and reiterates the SCAF's
firm support for the government despite parliament's
attempts to withdraw confidence.
March 13
The Minister of Finance announces that the government
is considering offers from prisoners at Tora Prison to
return illegally-amassed assets in return for amnesty.
Women demonstrate at the Journalists' Syndicate to
denounce the acquittal of the soldier accused of
subjecting women to ‘virginity tests’.
March 15
Thousands of Ultras march from the Ahly Club in
Gezira to the High Court to protest at the Public
Prosecution Office's sluggish pace in releasing results
of their investigation into the Port Said events.
The Public Prosecution Office arraigns 75 suspects on
murder charges in connection with the Port Said
massacre.
Tension within the Muslim Brotherhood after members
of the youth wing announce their backing for
presidential hopeful Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh.
March 16
Massive protests and clashes with Canal Security take
place in Port Said against the Prosecution's charges.
March 17
Deputies decide that members of parliament will make
up 50% of the Constituent Assembly.
Public Transport workers begin a comprehensive strike
after the government fails to respond to their demands
for transferral from the Governorate of Cairo to the
Ministry of Transportation.
A student sit-in at Cairo University to protest against
the higher education minister's decision to use 1979
regulations to run the year's student union elections.
- · -
. ƒ . , . . ≤ . ¸ ‘ . . . ƒ . . . , . ¸ ’¸ . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ . ∏ . , · . . . . ,
. . ˘ ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · , . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . Ÿ . . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ‘ . . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ¸
. ¸ · . . . ¸ , Ÿ ƒ · ∞ . ¸ . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . . · , ◊ ¸ ¸ , ƒ· s . . ∏ ≈ , . . ⁄
, . . . · ¸ , . , . . . . . , . . .
, , , . . . , , Ÿ . ¸ . ƒ . . . . ¸ . . ¸ , . . ¸ , , , ¸ . . . . Ω › ∏ . ¸
. . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ . , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ ¸ . ’ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ s ˘ , ˘ ·
. . . , , ƒ • , ’¸ · · ¸ . . Ÿ . , . _
· · . . , . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . · ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ ˘ . . . ˘ · s ˘ ¸ · ˘ , . ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ s ˘ ƒ . ˘ · . ˘ . Ω . , Ÿ . , . › ∏ . ¸
. . . . . , . . . , ƒ . . , · . . . . . . . ≤ · . ¸ . . ¸ , , … , . s ƒ . . ·
. ˘ ˘ ≤ † . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , , _ . . ˘ ˘ . Ÿ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ , . ˘ .¸ . ˘ ¸ . s . . ˘ ∞ . ˘ . ˘ . , , ˘ ·
. ∏ . . . . . . ¸ Ÿ ≤ , ƒ . ¸ . ∏ , , ¸ . . . . . . † ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ … ’ . . . . . Ω ·
. . , . ¸ · · · ·
‘ . s ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ ’ , . ˘ ˘ . _ . . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . ’ ’ . , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ‘
. . . . ¸ ¸ . . . . . · Ÿ . . . ƒ , . . ∏ . . . . , · . . . ≤ . . . . ¸
. . . . . , , . . . † . . . . . . ‹ ‘ . . . . . . · , . . . . ¸ . . · . . ¸
¸ . . . · . . , ¸ . s . , · ’¸ . . s . . , , · , . · . · . ¸ . . . . . . , · . ∏ . . . s . ·
. . , . · ¸ . . . . . . . . . . Ω . . . ∏ . ·
- . . ¸ · , . , · . ¸ . . . . ¸ , · . ƒ . ¸ ¸ . . . , . , . . . ¸ . ¸ . ¸ . . , . . ∏ ≈
. ∏ . , · . . ¸ . . . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . ƒ , . , ¸ . · · . · . . . . , · . . . . . . . . ∏ . ·
· · . . , . ¸
Ÿ . . , , . . . π ’¸ . . · ¸ . . ƒ ¸ . _ . , Ÿ . , , ◊ s ƒ . · , , ƒ· s . “ . . ∂
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . ◊ s ƒ . · , . , ¸ . ¸ . ¸ . , Ÿ . , . . . . . . . ≤ · . . , .
- · . . , . ¸
, , , ¸ Ÿ . . , · , . ∏ ¸ , ◊ s ƒ . · . , . ¸ . ¸ , . . . . ¸ . . † ¸ . . . . . . . ¸ .
. . . . . . , ∫ . ¸ . . † ¸ . ¸ , , , . ≤ . . π . . . . . . _
. . . . ¸ . . . . · , · , , · . · . ∏ ≈ . . ∏ , ≤ . . · . . . . . , _ . ∏ . . . , . . , . .
. . . … Ÿ . , , . s . . ƒ . . . . , , ·
- · . . , . ¸
’ ’ . . ¸ ’ , . ¸ . ¸ ‘ . . . , . . ¸ . . . . … ’ . ∏ ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ ¸ . ,
. · -
March 18
Parliament decides to strip Anwar al-Bilkimy, an Al-
Nour deputy, of his parliamentary immunity to face
charges of perjury. Al-Bilkimy claimed that the reason
he needed to wear a bandage on his face was because
he had been attacked by thugs who stole 100,000 LE
from him, when in fact he had undergone cosmetic
surgery on his nose.
March 19
The People's Assembly Legislative Committee rescinds
the president's authority to transfer defendants in
criminal trials to military courts, whilst the Religious
Affairs Committee votes to establish a treasury
charged with collecting and distributing zakat, the
alms paid annually by Muslims. It is described as the
second attempt to institute Islamic law after certain
deputies called for the imposition of the traditional
Islamic punishment for theft and piracy, which caused
great controversy the week before.
March 21
The Speaker of the People's Assembly is forced to
terminate a session after waiting for government
representatives who failed to attend.
Divisions within the Muslim Brotherhood widen as
rumours spread that the Brotherhood will nominate
Khairat el-Shater as their presidential candidate.
A group of Muslim Brotherhood youth members
organise an initiative called 'Brotherhood Scream' to
oppose the organisation's change of position on the
presidential elections. The Brotherhood had previously
announced that it would not nominate any of its
members for the presidency.
At the Council of State, 17 prominent citizens take legal
action against SCAF and both houses of Parliament to
halt the formation the Constituent Assembly.
March 22
The parliamentary committee charged with
investigating the massacre at Port Said censures the
Interior Minister, finding that he played 'no positive
role' during the events or subsequent investigations,
but choosing not to refer the him for criminal charges.
Deputies from the Freedom and Justice Party are
prevented from attending a meeting between
Ganzouri and deputies from Daqahliya governorate
during a ministerial trip to Mansoura.
March 23
The SCAF deploys its own buses on the streets to
replace those of the Public Transport Authority, whose
· · -
. ≤ † . . . . . . ‹ . . . , . . ƒ· . . , . . · . . . . · ‘ ¸ . · , . . · _ . . . ≤ , ≤ . ¸
. ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ · – , ˘ π - · . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . ¸ ¸ . . ˘ . , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ ≤ ˘ . ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ‘
. . ¸ . ƒ , . . . , .
. . . . . . · . . . π . . . . · ’¸ . ƒ , Ÿ . . ∏ . _ . ∏ ≈ . ∏ . , · . . ,
. . . . ¸ . . , . ¸ . . . . · . . , . Ÿ . . , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ ‘ . . . , . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ¸
· · . . , . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . ‘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . . ¸ . . ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ · ˘ ¸ , ’ ˘ , ˘ . Ω .
, . . . , . s . ¸ . ™ · ƒ ¸ . . _ . ≤ . . .
· · . . , . ¸
. ∏ . . · Ÿ . . ¸ s · . ∏ . . ¸ . . . . . , . . . ƒ , ¸ . . ≥ . . ’ . ∏ , , · . ∏ ≈
, , . . s π . † . . . . , Ÿ . , · - , . ¸ . † . . . . . . , · . . . . . , . . , ·
. s . . . · . . . . . ƒ ,
. ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ƒ , . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . Ω , ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ƒ , ¸ . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ . . ˘ · . . . . . ¸
◊ s ƒ . · ‘ ’ . . . . . . · Ÿ . . . , , , . . ≤ π , . , . , , . ¸ fi . · . · . ≤ . . ¸ .
¸ ¸ , , , . . . ≤ π
. . . . . Ω . · . ¸ . . . . . · . ≤ . . ¸ . . . . . . , . . . . . . ¸ – . . . . · ¸
‘ . π ’ · . · · · · ·
· · . . , . ¸
. , Ÿ . , , ≤ ¸ , , · ™ ◊ . . . · . ¸ . . . · . ƒ , . , ∏ s , . ¸ . † . ƒ › ∏ . ¸
. . . . . . ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . ƒ , . ∏ ≈ . ∏ . , · , . . · . . . . ¸ , , ¸ ‘ fi † . ¸
, . . . ¸ . . . s . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . , Ÿ . , . . . . . . . ≈ , . . , . , . . · . ƒ . , ·
. . . . . ∏ . . , · . ∏ , · . , . . ¸ · ƒ . . · . , ∏ ≠ · · · . ∞ . . , · . ‘ . _
s . , . . . , . ◊ ≤ , ≤ ¸ · . ¸ ¸ . ¸ . · Œ . , π ‘ ’ ∞
· · . . , . ¸
. ∏ . . · . . . . ¸ , . , · . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . . ƒ · ≥ . ∏ ≈ ¸ . . . . ◊ ≥ . ≤ . ƒ ¸
. ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ ˘ ˘ , . ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ˘ ƒ , , ˘ ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ .¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ · Ÿ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . _ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ≤ † . ˘ ˘ . . Ÿ . ¸ ¸ ¸
. . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , ·
. ∏ . . · . . , . , · . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . . ƒ · ≥ . ∏ ≈ ¸ . . . . · . , . Ÿ . ∫ .
s , , . · ≤ ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈ . . ™ . ¸ s . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ , , . , . . · , . . , . . ∞ . . ·
. . ƒ . . . . , · . . Œ . √ – s , , . . . ¸ , . · ’¸ . . · . , · . . . . . . . , . ¸ . . † ¸
· · -
drivers have been on strike since March 17th. The
strikers' demands have not been met.
Thousands of Masry supporters gather outside the
football stadium in Port Said to protest against the
Football Union’s decision to suspend the club's
activities for two years. Clashes with the army lead to
one fatality and 68 casualties.
Cairo University accuses the students demonstrating
over student union election issues of holding a number
of public figures captive in the central university
building. In response, the students escalate their
protest, staging a vigil to demand the resignation of
the president of the university.
March 24
Four marches head toward the conference hall where a
joint session of the two houses of parliament is being
held to decide the selection criteria for the Constituent
Assembly. The Muslim Brotherhood claim that the
protesters are 'remnants' of the Mubarak regime.
Tensions rise between the Muslim Brotherhood and the
Military Council over the latter's support for the
Ganzouri government and defiance of parliamentary
opposition. The SCAF respond by reminding the
Brotherhood who it was that “planned and carried out
the parliamentary elections that distributed the
political forces as they are at present in the two houses
of parliament.”
March 25
Hundreds of workers from the Public Transport
Authority escalate their protest by staging a sit-in
outside the People's Assembly.
The Public Prosecution Office charges 15 citizens of
Port Said with vandalism in connection with attacks on
the building of the Suez Canal Authority by enraged
Masry fans.
Thousands of Ahly Ultras hold a sit-in in front of the
People's Assembly to demand justice for the martyrs of
the Port Said tragedy and all other martyrs of the
revolution.
A large number of parliamentary deputies, public
figures and political parties announce their withdrawal
from the Constituent Assembly in response to
attempts by the Brotherhood and Salafis to dictate
proceedings.
· · -
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· - . . , . ¸
. . , Ω . . · ¸ . ƒ ¸ . . . . . , π , ≤ ƒ . . ¸ , . . . ƒ s , · ¸ , , ¸ . . _ , . . . , .
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· · -
Words Have Died
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . ¸ . s · Ω
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
· , † . · ’ , . ¸ . ¸
. . . . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Ahly Ultras’ Red Fist Smashes
SCAF and Political Parties
Hosni
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
Muslim Brothers
The Chair (Power)
Hypocrites
Maglis el Shaab St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. ƒ , . . . ∏ . _
s ¸ . . ¸
. . . · ≤ ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. . . _ , . , . . ,
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
You Erase, I Draw
Bab el Louk., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. · -
We’ll Get You in a Sack,
Field Marshal
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . , , ∂ ‘ . . ƒ ∫ , . . . . ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
, . . . , , . , . . · ‘ , · , . ∂
. . . , ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
(The Martyr’s) Blood Binds
Your Neck
El Gezira St., Zamalek
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
A Word to Judges: Nothing
is Sweeter than Honour
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
s ∏ . · . ∏ ≤ † . . . . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . . . ¸ .
. . , . ¸
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Beware of the Conspiracy to
Liquidate Revolutionaries
Return to Tahrir and Stand
Firm
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
Ideas vs Bullets
We Reject You SCAF
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
’ · s . , . . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ , · † . , . ∂
. ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
◊ ¸ , · ’ . . . . , . ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Free Ahmed Douma
Tahrir Square
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
Roshdy Anas Mostafa
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . , . . , . . . … . ¸ . . . . . ≈
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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s . , ‘ . . . , · . ƒ ’ ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Once a Guy Who Went to
Cheer His Team Died.
Because He Was Protected
by Bastards.
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
· - -
Girls are Like Boys
El Moshir
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. , . . , … . ƒ . .
Ÿ . . ,
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . . . , . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Don’t Categorise Me
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - -
Nothing is For Men Only
El Moshir
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , . ¸ . . . · . ∏ ¸ . . ∫ · ≤ .
Ÿ . . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. ¸ . ∏ , ƒ . . . . π . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Son of a Bitch Pretends
He’s a Lion
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
Ahmed Adel el Mogy
Rapist of Our Daughters’
Honour
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . . ∫ Ÿ ƒ . ¸ . . . . . .
. ¸ , . ¸ . . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
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. . , …
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
You Can’t Break Me (Samira
Ibrahim)
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
A Real Revolution
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. ƒ , . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . . . . ∏ · , s . ¸ ¸ . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
I Believe in God and Abjure
SCAF
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . -
. . , , . . . . . Ω . . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ . . . ≈
. . . . s . , ·
¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Rami el Sharkawi, Khaled
Said, Mina Daniel, Ali Maher
... Martyred by the Regime.
The Revolution Continues
While Stock Remains.
hzb
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . -
Hypocrite (Tewfik Okasha)
Spray
Simon Bolivar Square,
Garden City
photo: S Boraïe
. . . · ≥
. . , …
. , . , . . , . ƒ , . ƒ . , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
’ . ∏ . . . , π . ƒ . Ω . . . , , . . . , ¸
. . , π
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
No Postponement.
Does the Martyr’s Blood
Require Proof?
Tahrir Mugamma,
Downtown
photo: S Boraïe
. . -
El-Shaheed General
Mohamed El-Batran
Ammar Abu Bakr, El Moshir
& Layla Magued
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . , , . . ∏ ƒ . fi . . . , . ¸ ,
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸ . . . . . , ¸ . . , ∏ ≈ . . . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . , . . , ƒ . . . ,
. . . . . . , . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Butane Gas Bottles
Hanaa el Deghem
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· . -
· . -
Ah .. How Harsh is the Wall
When It Stands Against
Sunrise .. We May Spend a
Lifetime Boring a Hole for
Light to Pass unto
Generations .. Once
Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
√ . . · . . ≈ . . ,
. . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
. . . , . . ¸ . , , · ƒ ¸ . . . . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
Samira Ibrahim
Above the Military
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . , . . . , ¸ · , . ¸
¸ , ¸ , ’ . . . · . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Wall on Fahmi Street
hzb and friends
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
· - -
. . , . . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ ,
, · . , ’ . . . · . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Wall on Mansour
Street
Zeft and Friends
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. - -
. . , . . . , ¸ . . ∏ s ¸
. . ∏ . ≈ . . ¸ , … . . . . . ƒ
. . , ƒ , . . , . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . …
, ’ . . . · . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Wall on Falaki Street
Salma el Tarzi, Ahmed
Aboul Oyoun, Abdel
Rahman Magdy and
Friends
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
. . , . . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ∏ . ≈ . . ¸ , … , ’ . . . · . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Wall on Youssef el
Gindi Street
Salma el Tarzi & Friends
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· - -
. . , . . . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , , . . ,
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸ . Ÿ . . , . . , ∏ ≈
. . . . . fi . . . , . ◊ . , . . . , . ·
. . . . . ¸ . , _ . s . ¸ …
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Wall on Sheikh
Rihan Street
Ammar Abu Bakr, El
Moshir, Layla Magued,
Mohamed Abdel Hamid,
Amina El Nahas, Zag,
Kenzi
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
· · -
. . , . . . , ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . , . ¸
. · . . ƒ . ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . . , . . ƒ , ∏ ¸
The Wall on Qasr al Aini
Street
Alaa Awad
Downtown
photo: Maya Gowaily
. . . . . . ƒ ¸ Ÿ . , . , ƒ . . , .
. . s ƒ ¸
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
We’re the Voice when They
Love Life .. Silence
Ultras Sit-in at the
Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
◊ ¸ , · ’ . . . . , . · , . ƒ , _ , . ¸ …
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Freedom for Ahmed Douma
and George Ramzi
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. · -
· · , ’ – . . ¸ . ∏ · . . · · . . . , . . π
. . . Ÿ ƒ , · ·
, ƒ Ω . . · ¸ • ‘ . ≤ · . s ƒ , . , . s , .
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
“Do not think that God is
unaware of the works of the
unjust.” Quran
The Day I Forego His Right,
I’ll Be Dead For Sure
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
. † . . ’ , . ¸ . ¸
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
. . , . . , . ¸ . ¸ ’ . ∏ ¸ ‘ . . · Ω
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
RIP Ahly Martyrs
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Ultras Anger
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
, . ¸ . ¸ . ¸ ,
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. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Can’t Stop Ultras
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Free Ultras
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
· · -
◊ ¸ , · ’ . . . . , . ·
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. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
By Bribery the Pasha has
Learned
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Free Ahmed Douma
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
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Ultras Vs Military
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. · -
· . , Ω Ÿ . . . , .
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. . Ω Ÿ . . ¸ … . . ‹ . . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ .
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Egyptian Blood is Dear .. the
Revolution Continues
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Resist the Tyrant
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
s π . . . ¸ . · . . ¸ . , .
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
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All Cops Are Whores
Ultras Sit-in at the Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
· · -
April 2011
April 2
Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh announces his electoral
programme before a crowd of thousands in Al-Azhar
Park.
April 3
Surrounded by hordes of fans, popular singer Saad El
Soghayyar heads to the Elections Commission
headquarters to register his candidacy for the
presidency, before announcing the following day that
the whole affair was "a joke".
April 4
Local Ultras groups organise protests in eight
governorates across the country to show their
solidarity with the demands of the sit-in outside the
Parliament building.
April 6
Omar Suleiman announces his candidacy for the
presidential election. Aboul Fotouh officially confirms
his candidacy, and his followers organise human chains
in Mustafa Mahmoud Square in a show of support;
Hamdeen Sabahi presents his registration papers with
44,000 nominations.
Civil society groups organise demonstrations against
the Constituent Assembly in Tahrir Square and
governorates around the country.
The Freedom and Justice Party retract their statement
of no confidence in the Ganzouri government.
Tens of thousands demonstrate in Tahrir Square in
support of Abu Ismail, whose candidacy is in jeopardy
due to a dispute with the Elections Commission over
his late mother’s alleged US citizenship.
The April 6 Youth Movement celebrate their fourth
birthday at the Leadership and Management
Development Centre in the presence of a number of
political figures.
April 7
The Elections Commission confirm that Abu Ismail's
mother did carry US citizenship.
April 8
The Muslim Brotherhood nominate Mohamed Morsi as
a backup candidate in case Khairat El-Shater is
disqualified due to his criminal record.
The Elections Commission close registration just
twenty minutes after Omar Suleiman submits his
papers. A total of 23 candidates are set to run in the
presidential election.
· · -
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. ƒ ¸ . . . . . , π s . . – . π . . . . , · ’ . ¸ , s , ·
- · -
The Ahly Ultras, still demonstrating outside Parliament,
decide to end their sit-in and participate in actions
seeking justice for the martyrs.
April 9
MP Essam Sultan proposes a 'political isolation' bill
which would disqualify former regime figures Omar
Suleiman and Ahmed Shafik from the presidential
election.
Mohamed ElBaradei founds the Constitution Party.
Activist Ahmed Abu Douma is released after nearly
three months' detention for alleged involvement in the
events of the cabinet building sit-in and the burning of
the Institut d'Égypte.
April 10
The Administrative Court overrules El-Katatni and
suspends the Constituent Assembly charged with
drafting a new constitution.
The People's Assembly amend the military judicial law,
revoking the President's power to refer civilians to
military courts. All cases being heard by military tribunals
are to be transferred to the Public Prosecution Office.
April 11
The counsel for the defence in the case of the Maspero
martyrs quit after twelve sessions, accusing the military
tribunal of being 'uninterested in achieving justice' and
calling instead for the formation of an independent
civilian inquiry into the events.
April 12
The People's Assembly approve an amendment to the
political rights bill stripping senior figures from the last
ten years of the Mubarak era of their political rights for
a period of ten years. The initiative, proposed by MP
Essam Sultan, becomes known as the 'isolation law'.
April 13
The Muslim Brotherhood call for a million-strong
march to 'protect the revolution', and are joined by the
Nour Party, despite the latter's previous refusal to
participate, in their demands for the political isolation
of old regime figures. Thousands of Abu Ismail
supporters march to the headquarters of the Elections
Commission and begin a sit-in there.
April 15
The Elections Commission announce the final list of
presidential candidates, which totals 13 after the
disqualification of ten of the original hopefuls. The
disqualified candidates include Omar Suleiman, Khairat
El-Shater, and Hazem Salah Abu Ismail, whilst the main
candidates still in the running are Mohamed Morsi,
· · -
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. ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · . ∏ ≥ . . ¸ . ¸ . . _ . . . · · . · , ≤ ·
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· . ¸ , π
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fi . . . , . . ¸ , . ∏ ¸ . . . , . ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . . . . ƒ ,
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. . . ƒ ¸ . · , . . . . , . ∏ ≥ . ∏ , · · . ƒ , . . ¸ ∫
- · -
Ahmed Shafik, Hamdeen Sabahi, Abdel Moneim Aboul
Fotouh, Amr Moussa and Khaled Ali.
April 17
The trial of 73 people involved in the Port Said
massacre begins. Hundreds of Ahly Ultras gather
outside the courtroom at the Police Academy.
April 18
The Supreme Constitutional Court's panel of experts
begin examining the isolation law and say they will
present their judgment within fifteen days, for it to be
reviewed again by the Supreme Constitutional Court.
April 19
The Ahly Ultras launch a campaign entitled 'Martyrs
Not Numbers', condemning the Port Said massacre
and demanding punishment for those responsible. As
part of the campaign they show videos of the martyrs
in a number of working-class areas.
April 20
Hundreds of thousands demonstrate in Tahrir and across
the country to denounce military rule and demand
implementation of the isolation law on the 'Friday of
saving the revolution and self-determination'. Hundreds
of Abu Ismail supporters stage a sit-in in the square to
protest his disqualification.
April 21
The Supreme Constitutional Court declares itself not
competent to rule on the isolation law, since draft
legislation does not fall under its jurisdiction, and says
that it may only hear the case after the bill is ratified
and passes into law.
April 22
Egyptians in thirteen countries around the globe
demonstrate in solidarity with the demands of Friday's
'save the revolution' protests.
The Interior Ministry cancel the Egyptian Cup due to
security concerns.
In Mansoura, human chains welcome Dr. Mohamed
Morsi, the Muslim Brotherhood presidential candidate,
who is accompanied by disqualified candidate Khairat
El-Shater at a large press conference. A number of
young revolutionaries carry banners reading 'The
Wheel and the Spare Tyre'. 'Spare tyre' becomes
Morsi's nickname throughout pre-election battles in
the street and on the web.
April 23
There are signs of a crisis erupting in relations between
Egypt and Saudi Arabia after the Saudi authorities
arrest Egyptian lawyer Ahmed al-Gizawi for allegedly
. · -
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. . s , . . . . s ¸ , Ÿ . . . , · . . . , , ≥ · . ƒ , . . ¸ ∫ . , Ÿ . . ¸ . ¸ . . . ,
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· · -
smuggling prescription drugs. His family say he is being
persecuted for filing a lawsuit against King Abdullah
on behalf of Egyptian migrant workers imprisoned in
the kingdom. Widespread protests and campaigns
against his detention are contrasted with indifference
on the part of the Egyptian authorities.
April 24
The Military Council ratify the isolation law and the
Elections Commission accordingly announce Ahmed
Shafik's disqualification from the presidential election,
adding that he may appeal the decision. He does so
immediately.
The Muslim Brotherhood announce that they will
continue to organise weekly million-strong marches
until the military transfer power to a civilian
government.
April 25
The Elections Commission accept Shafik's complaint,
reinstating him in the election, and refer the isolation
law once again to the Supreme Constitutional Court
who, after its ratification, may now examine its
constitutionality.
Aboul Fotouh declares he will win the elections in the
first round, whilst Hamdeen Sabahi counters "we will
not accept a Brotherhood president, nor will we accept
Brotherhood members in the police force".
April 26
The Elections Commission definitively announce the
thirteen candidates who are to contest the presidential
election, which many consider to be the first of its kind
in Egyptian history.
Suez bids farewell to Adel Zakaria, a young
revolutionary shot in the shoulder and back on January
28th 2011 who suffered from his wounds until his
death.
April 27
On 'Protect the Revolution Friday', thousands of Abu
Ismail supporters demonstrate in Tahrir Square, where,
despite their vow to hold weekly million-strong
marches, the Muslim Brotherhood are noticeably
absent. Abu Ismail's followers later move their sit-in to
the Ministry of Defence in Abbasiya.
April 28
Field Marshal Tantawi meets with the leadership of a
number of political parties to expedite agreement on
the Constituent Assembly which will draft the
constitution.
Abu Ismail supporters demonstrating around the
· · -
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· · . ¸ , π
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fi . . . ¸ . . ¸ . ¸ . . _ ’¸ . ƒ , . ∏ ¸ · . . . · . . . . , · . , ¸ . . . . . ¸
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◊ ¸ s ¸ Ÿ ¸ . . ¸ . _ . . . ƒ . · ‘ . . . . , ¸ , . ∏ ≈ . . . . . ¸ . ƒ ¸
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. . . ∏ . . ¸ . . . . ƒ . , · . , ≤ . . . ¸ . . . ∏ . . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ , ·
. · . ¸ , π
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- · . ¸ , π
. ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . . · . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · ≤ , π . ∏ , . . . . . . , ≥ . , . ƒ .
. ¸ . . . . . ∏ ¸ · . . . · . , – , π . ≤ . ƒ , ¸ ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , · . . ∏ , . . ¸ . . , .
. ∏ . . ¸ ‘ . . . . ƒ , , . · . . . . . . . . , ≥ . ∏ , ·
. ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ . . . · ƒ , ‘ ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . ƒ . · ’ , ¸ , . . . , ¸
. . , . . ¸ . ¸ ≤ , π , · , . . . ¸ . ƒ , . , ¸ . ƒ , . . . . ¸ . ·
· · -
Ministry of Defence are attacked by hired thugs, and
clashes continue in Abbasiya Square throughout the
night.
Saudi Arabia closes its embassy in Cairo and recalls its
ambassador after protestors "insult the king" during
ongoing demonstrations in front of the embassy
building.
Thousands of police officers announce they are
beginning an open-ended sit-in for better wages and
working conditions at the Interior Ministry and at
security directorate buildings in various governorates
around the country.
April 29
The People's Assembly suspend sessions for a week,
demanding that the SCAF dismiss the cabinet.
According to last year's constitutional declaration, only
the SCAF is authorised to withdraw confidence from
the incumbent government.
April 30
Renewed confrontations break out at the Defence
Ministry between the Abbasiya protestors, now joined
by other revolutionaries, and hired thugs.
· · -
· · . ¸ , π
. ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · . ∏ ¸ . . . s π , . · ¸ . . . . . - ·
. ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ƒ . ¸ ’ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . , . ˘ . . ˘ s ˘ . , , ,
. . . . . ≤ · ’ , ¸ . ¸ ƒ . , . ‘ . . . , , ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ …
. . . ƒ , . ¸ . . , ™ . . . , , . . . . ∫ , s ¸ , . . . … . . , . . . ∏ ≥ . , … , ƒ Ω
· · , . . , ¸ · · · · , . π , . . ¸ . . · . . ≈ · . . . . , , . ·
· · . ¸ , π
’ ’ . . ¸ . . . , . ƒ ¸ . . . . . , π , . . . . ¸ , , ‘ . . . ¸ , ¸ ‘ · . . . ·
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , . . , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ·¸ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ . , ˘ ¸ s ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ƒ
. . , . , , Ÿ ∏ , ƒ , . ¸ . . , ƒ . , · . . ≈ . ƒ . . . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . ·
. . . , . ƒ ¸ . . . . . , π , . ≤ ∏ ƒ , . . . . . . , , ¸ ¸ fi , . , , , . . . · . ¸
· · . ¸ , π
Ÿ . . , , ∏ . ≤ ¸ . . . . . ¸ · , . . ¸ ’ . ¸ ¸ . . . . ¸ , ™ ’ . . ¸ . . . . ,
. . . , · . . . . . , . . , · . ƒ . . ™ . . . . . ƒ ,
. . . , . ƒ ¸ . . . . . , π Ÿ . . . . . ƒ , ‘ fi , . , , , . . . · . ¸ , . . ¸ . . ƒ ,
. , . ƒ Ω . ¸ . ∏ . . , · , . . . , . s . ¸ ‘ . , . , . . , . . . , · . ƒ ∫ . ∏ , π
. . . ∏ . . ¸ . . . . ƒ . , · . ∏ ≥ . . . . , , . ‘ . ≤ . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ . .
. . , · ¸ . . · ◊ s . . , . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . Ω . . . . . , .
’ ’ . . ¸ . . . . . . . ¸ . · , . ∏ . ƒ , . . ƒ . , , ‘ . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ƒ . ·
. ƒ ∫ , , , . . . . ∏ , · , . . , ¸ , . ¸ ’ . ¸ ‘ . . · . . ¸ . ¸ . π
– . . _ , . . . . , ,
· · . ¸ , π
› ∏ . ¸ . . . . . , . ∏ ≥ . ∏ . . . · Ÿ . . . . , ƒ ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ † . . . . ∏ ≈
. . . . s ¸ … ’¸ · . . · ◊ s ƒ . · . . , . ¸ , . ∏ . ¸ ⁄ , . . s ¸ . ¸ . . . . ƒ ¸
◊ s ƒ . · , . . . . . ‹ . , . ¸ . . , · . ≤ . , . . ∏ ≈ . . . . . . ≤ · . . , .
· - . ¸ , π
Œ . . ’ . . . , . s . ¸ . _ . . . . . . ¸ . . , . . . , · . . , ¸ † . , ¸ . , , ,
. . . , . . ¸ . . ƒ , , . ∏ . . , · ‘ fi , . , , , . . . · . ¸
. . . ∂ . . . . . .
. . . . . Ω ’ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
. . . ∏ . . , . .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , . . , , π
Glory to the Martyrs
Tahrir Square
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Catch a Rapist
Ultras Sit-in at Parliament
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · -
, . . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
. . ≤ . . s , . . . . s ¸ – ≤ ≥ . ∏ , . . , , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
Bring Down Military Rule,
Fulfil a Martyr’s Dream
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
Prepare
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
· · -
We Are the Kids Our Parents
Warned Us About
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
. . . . . , . ∫ ’ . . . , . . s . ƒ . , . . , , . . . , ,
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
, ∏ . ¸ . ƒ s , s ∏ ƒ s ,
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
A Curse On All Your Fathers
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
. · -
. . ‘ . ∂ Ÿ ∏ s , ·
# ◊ ¸ , · . ∏ . , ¸ , …
. . ∫ . . ¸ ∑ . s . , · . . ¸ . . . . · . ∂
. . . . . , . . . . . ƒ . , · . . . , ¸ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
’ . . . . _ · ∏ , . ¸ . . ƒ ¸ , ¸ , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Don’t Reconcile .. There’s
Only What You Will
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: S Boraïe
Stuff Your Royal Self
Long Life, the Kaaba is not
Your Mother’s
Saudi Embassy, Giza
photo: S Boraïe
· · -
, . . . . ƒ Ÿ ∏ ∂ . , ¸ ∑ . . ¸
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
, . . . . , . ¸ , ≤ . , . ∏ , · . .
s . , ¸ ,
. . . , ¸ , , , . . ¸ , . · . . . · ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
Does He Believe He is
Invincible? (Quran)
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
Your Majesty, Your Ass is Red
Keizer
Ministry of Agriculture
Street, Dokki
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
· · -
. . . ∫ . _ . . , . √ · ·
. . . , ¸ . . . . ƒ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
. . . . . √
, . . ≤ . . s , . . . . s ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
. . ∏ . ¸ ¸ s ™ Ÿ ¸ . . …
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Sorry, You Kneel This Time
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: S Boraïe
Who is the Master of
Justice?!
Mansour Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Overleaf:
Down With Military Rule
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
· · ·
May 2012
May 1
On May Day, thousands of workers demonstrate in
Cairo and across the country, renewing their calls for a
legal minimum and maximum wage.
Abbasiya sees another bloody day as thugs again
attack the sit-in. The assailants arrive at one in the
morning, sparking off violence which lasts until four
o’clock the following afternoon when the combined
forces of the army and police intervene. At least nine
are killed, and 169 injured.
May 2
The Police Union announce they are ending their sit-in
outside the Interior Ministry as the demands of their
protest have been granted.
Parliament hold the SCAF responsible for the violence
in Abbasiya Square, while demonstrations take place in
almost all of Egypt’s governorates condemning the
attacks and demanding justice for the martyrs and the
removal of the Military Council. Various political forces,
led by the Muslim Brotherhood, call for a ‘Final Friday’
march to the Defence Ministry, with the Brotherhood
insisting that the march must end at sunset.
May 3
The SCAF hold a press conference in which they warn
against any protests in the vicinity of the Armed Forces’
headquarters.
May 4
Just hours after the ‘Final Friday’ million-strong march
sets off, confrontations erupt between demonstrators
and the army, who once again use tear gas. Military
police burn protestors’ tents and arrest dozens,
chasing others in the surrounding streets. The SCAF
announce a curfew in the neighbourhoods
surrounding the Ministry of Defence.
After visits by parliamentary and civil delegations, King
Abdullah of Saudi Arabia announces that the Saudi
ambassador will return to Cairo and normal relations
between the two countries be resume.
May 5
The Military Prosecution release 14 young women but
remand 300 men in custody for 15 days pending
investigation into the previous day’s events in
Abbasiya, whilst the SCAF renew the curfew, but push
the start time back to 11 o’clock.
May 6
In university campuses and governorates across the
- · ·
. . , ƒ · · · ·
· . . , ƒ
’ ’ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ∫ , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , , · ˘ ¸ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ , . ˘ . . ˘ ≤ ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸
. . . . · . . ¸ , , . . . , , . . . . , . , , . . . . ≈ , · . . ≈ . · . ƒ ,
. ˘ . ˘ ¸ , . . ˘ . , ˘ . . , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . . . , ¸ · ¸ . , . ,
. ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ , ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . . . . . . . , ¸ · ¸ . ƒ . . . . . , . . .
, . . . . ¸ ¸ ’ . . . , . s . ¸ . . ≈ . ¸ . . · . ¸ . . . ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . . ¸ . . . . .
. . ∏ . · ƒ . . . . . ¸ s · . ¸ . . , . ¸ , . . . ¸ . · . . † ¸ ’ . . . , . s . ¸
. . . , ∏ · . . . ¸ , . · . . , . . . , · · · . . . . . .
· . . , ƒ
’ . . . . . . Ω ’ · ¸ . . . . ¸ . · , . ∏ ¸ · † ¸ . . . . . Ω . . . . . . . ¸ . ·
. . Ω . . . ∏ , · . . . , . ≤ ≤ . . . . . . ’ . . . . . Ω
. , ¸ . . . , , . . π . . . . s ¸ … . . . . ƒ . , · . . ¸ . . , . . . , · . , . ¸ , _
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ · ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ∏ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ · , ˘ . ˘ . . .
. ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ≤ . . ˘ ˘ . . ¸ . ˘ ∏ . . ˘ , ˘ . . , , . ˘ , ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ . ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ … . , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸
. ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . , . . . , · · ¸ . ≤ . . . , . ’¸ . ƒ , . . . . ∏ . ƒ , , . ∏ . ƒ , . . . ƒ .
¸ . ≈ · . . . · . . , . , · . · ¸ . . , . , , , . . . · . ¸ ’¸ . ƒ , , . . ¸ , ,
. ∏ ≈ , , . , · . . ∏ , ƒ , · . . · . . . . ¸ ¸
- . . , ƒ
. ƒ· . ¸ . . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . s ¸ … , . ƒ . . . ¸ , , . . . ƒ , . ¸ , ¸ . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . . ∏ . ·
. . . , ƒ
. . . , . s . ¸ . . , . · . , ¸ · ƒ ¸ . . , . ¸ , . . . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . . ¸ . ¸
. . . . ∏ , ƒ , · . . , . , · . . . , . . . , π . ∏ . . ƒ ¸ , . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · . ¸ ¸
. ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , ˘ ∏ ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . ˘ ≤ ˘ , † ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ ¸ , ˘ · . ˘ ≥
’ . ¸ , ¸ · ¸ . . . ƒ , ¸ . . . , . · . , . . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ . . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫
· ¸ . . . . ≤ · . . . , . · . ƒ , , . . . · . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ · ˘ ¸ · · . ˘ . ˘ . · ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ · . ¸ . , π . . . . s ¸ … , ¸ . . . .
. · ·
country, demonstrations against the breakup of the
Abbasiya Square sit-in demand the release of all those
arrested and an immediate end to all military trials of
civilians, whilst protestors marching on the parliament
building in Cairo to denounce military rule tear down
the barbed wire barriers in Qasr al-Aini street.
The Supreme Constitutional Court’s panel of experts
say they need a month to examine an appeal
presented to them concerning the constitutionality of
the incumbent parliament.
May 7
Parliament approves a change to the punishment for
the crime of torture, which sees the sentence raised to
five years, and in the case of the victim’s death, to the
sentence for murder.
Ein Shams resumes classes, but demonstrations for the
Abbasiya arrestees continue in five governorates.
The petrol crisis returns, and long queues of cars at
petrol stations paralyse traffic in Cairo and across the
country.
May 8
The Military Prosecution refuse to transfer the
Abbasiya detainees to the Public Prosecution Office,
ostensibly because their charges include attacking a
military institution, whilst hundreds of Al-Azhar
students block a motorway in protest at the detention
of seven of their classmates along with the other
Abbasiya prisoners.
Eyewitnesses confirm to newspaper the Egypt
Independent that they saw military police forcing their
way into the Nour mosque in Abbasiya, attacking the
field doctors working there and arresting two.
The Administrative Court rules that, as an
administrative and not judicial body, the Elections
Commission is not competent to refer the isolation law
to the Supreme Constitutional Court. The Commission
appeal the decision, whilst the Constitutional Court
announce they will continue to hear the case despite
the administrative ruling.
May 9
Engineering students in Helwan demonstrate for the
release of a classmate detained during the Abbasiya
violence.
Dozens of Ahly Ultras demonstrate outside the Police
Academy as the Port Said trial continues.
May 10
Egyptian expatriates begin voting in the presidential
election.
· · ·
. . . . . · · . ¸ ’¸ . · , . . . . . ƒ , … , . . ¸ . . . ¸ · ¸ , ¸ . ∏ . . ·
. . ∏ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ·
. . . . . . , · ƒ . . ¸ . . . , · , . . . , , · . . ∏ ∂ . . . . ƒ . , · , ≤ ¸ , ¸ . . . . . . . . , ¸
, . . . . . . . . . · · . ¸ . , ¸ . , ∏ . , ¸
- . . , ƒ
. . , . . · . . . . s ¸ , · . ¸ _ . ¸ . · · . . . . , . , . ¸ · · - . . . ¸ . . . . - ·
, ƒ . . . ∏ ≈ . . · . . . ≤ , ≥ · ¸ . . ¸ . . , . . . , · . , . . . . s ¸ … , . . .
. . ¸ . . . ƒ ∫ , , ƒ· . ¸ . ƒ . . . . , . · ¸ . ≈ · · . . . . .
· . . , ƒ
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ · ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . · ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ · † ¸
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . Ω . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · , ˘ ˘ . ˘ . . . . ˘ . ’¸ · ˘ ¸ _ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ ¸ , , · ˘ ∞
. . . . s . . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , · . ∏ . . , , ¸ . , . . . , ¸ . ¸ . ≈ . , ¸ . . . , ¸ , π
. . . ∏ ∂ . . . . · ∂ . ¸ . . . , ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . , . ¸ , . . . . . s , . . . . s ¸
. , . · . . . ƒ . . , ¸ . . . . . s . · . . . . . ƒ , , · . . ∏ , . . ∏ ¸ , . . . . _
. . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ . Ω ¸ . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . . . ˘ ƒ . ¸ . ˘ . Ω . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , , ˘ ·
. , ¸ . . . , , ¸ . . . , , , . . . . . ·
· . . , ƒ
. , ¸ . . . , , ƒ · ≥ . ∏ ≈ , · ™ . ≤ ƒ . · . . . . , . ¸ . ≈ - . . . ƒ ¸ . , · ¸
. . . · , · . . . . . . ¸ . ∏ , · , . . ∫ . . . ¸ . ≤ ƒ . · . ≤ . π . . . .
. . . . · . , ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . . ∞ . . , . . · , . . . . ¸ ¸ . ¸ . π . . . ≤ ∏ ¸
. . , . . . , · · ¸ - . . . · . . ¸
. ƒ . . , . · . , . ¸ , ¸ . ¸ . . , . , . ƒ . , ¸ . . . , . , ¸ . . π . ¸ s ·
. . ¸ , , . . . . . , . . ¸ . . ƒ , ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . · . . ¸
· . . , ƒ
. ˘ ≤ † . ˘ . . . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ … , ˘ ¸ · † ¸ ¸ . ˘ . . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , · ¸ . ≈ . . , . . ·
. . . . · . . . · , , . . , , . † . . ¸ . , . ƒ Ω . ∏ ≈ . . . . . . . . . s ¸ , · . ¸
, , , . . . · . ¸
. ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ · ¸ . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ · ’ , . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ≤ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ≥ ’ , ˘ ƒ . . ˘ . ¸ .
· · ·
The Military Council announce a cabinet reshuffle to
end the standoff between parliament and
government; just three ministers are replaced.
General Hassan Abdel Rahman, the former State
Security chief charged with killing protestors, receives
treatment at the Police Hospital in Agouza - after a
whole floor of the building has been vacated for the
purpose.
Thousands demonstrate in support of the SCAF in
Cairo and other governorates.
May 12
Two protests take place on the steps of the High Court
building, one demanding the promulgation of a law
against sexual harassment, the second in solidarity
with the Abbasiya arrestees.
May 13
Parliament agrees in principle to a draft law which
would improve police working conditions, the most
important element of which would grant all police
officers the right to promotion to the rank of non-
commissioned officer, in a move seen as a full response
to the demands of recent demonstrations.
Suez sees protest after police renew the detention of
eight people arrested during clashes between the
military police and revolutionary youth at the same
time as the events in Abbasiya Square.
May 14
The Attorney General refers to the Public Funds
Prosecution a complaint lodged by MP Essam Sultan
against Ahmed Shafik, whom he accuses of illegally
selling state-owned land to Alaa and Gamal Mubarak
for a fraction of its true value.
Thousands of workers at Ceramica Cleopatra - owned
by Mohamed Aboul-Einein, businessman and former
NDP member of parliament - demonstrate in Suez
against the closure of their factory. Violent
confrontations with military police break out as the
protestors march from Arbaeen Square to the
governorate building.
The Minister of Information hands out an
administrative punishment to the head of the state
news department and one of his officials for inciting
violence during coverage of the Maspero protests, in a
move widely recognised as the ministry’s first
admission of state media involvement in the incitement
of violence against Egypt’s Coptic community.
May 15
University professors demonstrate for better wages
· · ·
. . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ . . ≤ . ∫ · . ¸ , . · · , , . . . ¸ . . . ≤ ∏ ¸ . . , . . . , ·
. . , ƒ . . , . , , ƒ· s . , , . . . . , . · . . . . ¸ … . , ƒ Ω , , , , . . . ¸ . ·
. . . . s ¸ , · ≤ . . , . . . . . . . ƒ , . . . . , . . . , · , . . . … . ∏ ≈ ’ . , . .
. . , . , , ¸ , . . ≤ π . . , ¸ . . , ,
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . ˘ · ¸ . , , ˘ · . . ˘ . , . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . Ω . ˘ . . . ˘ . . ¸ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ .
’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · . .¸ . . . · · . ƒ , . . ¸ ∫ ¸ . ≈ . . . s . · . . . . . ƒ , , ·
. . ∏ , . ’ , . ∏ . . · . , · ¸ . , , · , . , . . . · † . . · , · . , . ∏ . . · . . ¸ . ∏ ≈
. . s , . , . . . s . · . . . . . ƒ , , · . ∏ ¸ . . . . ¸ , . . · ¸ . ¸ . ≤ . ƒ ,
, . , . s , ’¸ . , , ·
· . . , ƒ
. ˘ · ¸ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ · . ˘ ∏ ˘ ƒ , , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , , · ˘ . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ · . ·¸ · ¸ _ . ¸
, . , ∏ , , . . . . ≤ π · ¸ . . ¸ . . , . . . , ·
. . . . ¸ ¸ . ¸ . . ¸ . ¸ . · , … , . . . . ¸ , , . . Ω s . . , . , · . . . ¸ . ·
. . . . . ¸ · † . , · . ƒ , . . . , .
· · . . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ , ƒ , · ¸ . . . , _ , , . , , . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸
. . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ . . , π , , , … ’ , . . . , , - , , , . . . † ¸ ’ . . . , . ∑
. , ¸ . . s ƒ . · , . , ¸ . . . ,
. . . ¸ . , . . ¸ . . ¸ , · , . ¸ . , . , . ¸ . . , . · . . . . π , . . . , , · ¸
· † . ˘ , ˘ · · ˘ . ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≤ ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ · _ · ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . . . ˘ . ≈ . . . ¸ . ·
. . . . . ƒ , . . . . , . ∏ ¸ . · . , , s . . π . . . . . . . . . . ≈
’ ’ . , . . . . ¸ , , . . . , , . . . . . s ¸ … . . . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . · . . ¸
· · . . , ƒ
, · . . . , . ∏ ≈ . . ∏ , . , . ≤ † . . . . . . . ¸ · ¸ . . . . . . ∏ . . . . , · . .¸ . . . ,
· . ƒ , . ƒ · ∞ . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . , . . . , · . ∏ . † . . . ¸ . ™ . . · ¸
. . . . ≤ ∏ , ¸ · ¸ . . ¸ . . , . . . , ·
- · . . , ƒ
. , ¸ . . . , , ƒ · ≥ . ¸ . , . . . , . . ∏ ≈ · . ƒ , . . . . . , ¸ , . . . ¸
· · ·
and conditions. A number of professors from South
Valley university in Aswan enter the fourth day of their
strike.
A doctor arrested during the Abbasiya clashes is
released by a military tribunal. The doctors’ union
demand an end to the trial of doctors in military courts.
The Front to Defend Egypt’s Protestors announce that
the Abbasiya detainees are to begin a mass hunger
strike on May 20th, calling for the military tribunals
hearing their cases to be scrapped.
May 17
Hundreds of Ahly Ultras gather outside the club
ground in Gezira to demand that the orchestrators of
the Port Said massacre be brought to justice.
Activists and revolutionary political movements declare
their solidarity with the Abbasiya hunger strikers.
Cairo Criminal Court finds one police officer and
sixteen police sergeants innocent of charges of killing
protestors in Shubra and al-Marg on the 28th and 29th
of January 2011.
May 18
Ceramica Cleopatra workers demonstrate anew in
Suez against Aboul-Einein’s decision to close the
factory and send workers home on indefinite unpaid
leave. Presidential candidate Khaled Ali joins the
5,000-strong protest on a campaign visit to the port
city.
Media figures and activists go on hunger strike for a
day in solidarity with the Abbasiya prisoners.
May 23
Egyptians head to the polling stations as the two-day
voting process begins.
Five police officers and two sergeants are sentenced in
absentia by Giza Criminal Court to ten years and one
year respectively for the killing of protestors on the
28th and 29th of January. Ten other defendants are
acquitted; nevertheless, the case represents the first
time a member of the police force has been convicted
of killing protestors during the revolution.
May 26
Morsi and Shafik emerge victorious in the first round of
voting, followed by Hamdeen Sabahi, Aboul Fotouh
and Amr Moussa. The Sabahi campaign prepare an
appeal against the results and demand a rerun of the
voting in five governorates where they claim
irregularities in the electoral process.
May 27
Zakaria Azmi is convicted of corruption, sentenced to
· · ·
. . . ¸ . · . , . , . . ƒ . √ ¸ . . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . · . . ≥ · ¸ . . ¸ · ¸ ¸ . ≈
. , . · . . . . . . . ¸ · ¸ . · , . . . . , ¸ . . . . . . · . s . · · . . . . . ’ . . . .
. . . . ¸ . · ¸ . . . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ . . , . . . , . ¸ - · , ƒ . .
. ¸ ¸ . . . . , · . ¸ . . . . ≤ ∏ , ¸ · ¸ ’ . . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ . . . , s .
· , , . . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · . ™ . . , . ¸ . . ƒ , . · ¸ . . . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . ¸ . ¸ . ™
. . ¸ . . , . . . , ·
. · . . , ƒ
. . . · . . . . Ω , . , π ¸ . ≈ , . . · ’ . ƒ ∫ . . . . · . · . . ≤ . Ω . · . . . · .
. . . . Ω . . ∏ . . , . . . . . . . . . , ≥ , . , . · · , · . . . . . , . ¸ , . ¸
. . · . , . . . ∫ . , . , ∑ . . . , . . . ∞ . ≤ . ƒ , , . . . . ¸ ’ , . s ¸ . . . . . . , ·
. ≤ , . · ’ , . ¸
. . . ¸ ’ ’ . . ¸ . . . ∫ . . , ¸ . , s . s ∏ , ƒ . . ¸ . . . ∏ ƒ s · . . . . . . ƒ
. ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ , . ˘ π ’ . ˘ . ˘ . ∫ , . † . ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ π . ¸ . . ¸ ¸
. . . . π . . ¸ s . . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ . , . , ’ , . . , ¸ . . . . . ƒ , . ¸ ¸ . ≈
. ≤ ¸ . . . . · . · . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ ¸ . · ¸ . . . . . ™ . , . . . , . s . ¸ . . , . ·
. ™ . . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , ·
, , , ¸ ’¸ . · Ω , ≤ ¸ , . ≤ ƒ . · ¸ . , , · . ∏ ≈ , · , . ¸ · . . ¸ ’ . , . , , . .
. . . . . . , · . , . . , . , . ¸ , † . , · . . . . . . , · . . ¸ . . . . , , ¸ , . · , . .
. . , ¸ . . ¸ · . . ¸ . ƒ , , . . † . ∏ ƒ ¸ ’¸ . · Ω . ¸ . . . ¸ · ¸ . . ∏ , ·
. . . ¸ , † ¸ . . . ’ · , . •
- · . . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ ¸ ’ . . . . . . . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . π . . . , ¸ , . . . . , , . , . . .
. ¸ . . . . . . . . . · . . ƒ ¸ . ƒ . … , . . . . ¸ , , · ¸ ’¸ . . ¸ ¸ . ¸
. . . π . ∏ , ƒ Ω . ¸ . ™ . ∏ ≈ . . ƒ . ¸
. ≤ † . . . . . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ≥ . . ¸ ¸ . . , , . . . . . ≤ π · ¸ . . ¸
. ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · . , ˘ ≤ ˘ . . ˘ · ’ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . . . . ˘ . ˘ . Ω ¸ . ˘ . . ˘ · . † . ˘ . · ˘ , . . ∏ ≤ † . . .
. . . . s ¸ …
. , , · . . · . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . ¸ … . . . ¸ . ∏ ¸ . . ƒ ∫ . . . ≤ ∏ ¸ . . , . . . , ·
· · ·
seven years’ prison and fined 72 million Egyptian
pounds ($6 million). The former presidential chief of
staff and his wife are also ordered to return their illegal
gains in their entirety. The long-time close aide to
Mubarak is known for commenting that Egypt is
“knee-deep in corruption”.
May 28
The Elections Commission announces the definitive
results of the first round of voting and rejects all appeals
lodged; Hamdeen Sabahi’s supporters demonstrate in
Cairo and five other governorates, whilst Aboul-Fotouh
declares that the results constitute a betrayal of the
people. Meanwhile, hundreds of angry protestors break
into Shafik’s campaign headquarters, ransacking offices
and setting fire to the building.
May 29
The fuel crisis rears its head again, leading angry
minibus drivers in Port Said to surround the
governorate building with their vehicles in protest at
the diesel shortage.
Alaa and Gamal Mubarak are referred to the criminal
courts on charges of stock market manipulation.
May 30
Activists Alaa Abd El Fattah and Mona Seif are
summoned for questioning after eyewitnesses allege
they saw the siblings participating in the attack on
Shafik’s campaign offices on the 28th.
May 31
The SCAF announce the expiry of the Emergency Law
and confirm they do not intend to renew it.
The judge hearing the case against presidential hopeful
Ahmed Shafik summons MP Essam Sultan — who
originally filed the complaint of squandering public
funds — to give his testimony.
- · ·
¸ . . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . Ω . . . . ¸ , ƒ Ω · · . . , ƒ , . . ≈ , · ∞ . . . s . . , ,
. . . s ¸ , . , ¸ . . . . , , ¸ . ≈ . ≤ . . . ¸ . . , , . ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ . ¸ , . . · . . ¸ . ¸ . · , … , . . . . ƒ , . . Ω . ≤ ¸ . . . . …
. . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . , , ¸ . . . ¸ . · . ≤ . . . . ¸ · ¸ . . ¸ , . . ƒ , . . . , .
. . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . , . ˘ ˘ ¸ s ˘ ˘ . ¸ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · , . ˘ ƒ , , ˘ · ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ † . ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ™ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ ¸
. . . ≤ ∏ ¸ . . , . . . , · . ¸ . . . . Ω
. . s . · . . . , . ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . , ¸ _ - · . . . . . . , . , ¸ . . ¸ . · . ¸ , . ·
· . π . . . . . . ¸ , ¸ · ¸ . . . ≤ . ¸ . . , ¸ , . . ¸ _ , ƒ Ω · · . , · · , . . , ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ . . . , . . . . . . ∫ . . , ¸ . , s . s ∏ , ƒ . . ¸ · ¸ . . . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . . .
. ∏ ≈ · ¸ , . ƒ . . , . , ¸ . ∏ ≥ . . . . . ™ , ¸ . . . . . . . . ∫ ¸ . . , . . . . ƒ . · .
, . . ¸ . . _ . ¸ · . . . ¸ . . . . . ∏ ¸ , . . . , ∑ · ¸ . . . . . ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . . .
, ≤ ¸ ¸ . ¸ - ’ . . . . π
¸ . · . , ƒ , , . . . . . , † . ¸ . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . Ω . . . . . · . . . . · † . . . . . . ™
. . . ≤ ∏ ¸ . . , . . . , ·
- · . . , ƒ
. . . . ¸ , ƒ , , . ƒ . , ƒ , . ∏ . . . . . , ≥ ’ . . . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸ . ∏ ≈ , ƒ . , ¸
. . s . · . . . , . ¸ . . , ¸ . . . . , . s . . . , . . , . . ∏ ≈ - . . . . . . ¸ . ·
. . . . . . ¸ · · . . . ƒ ¸ , . . . . . , ¸ . . . . , . ¸ . . . · . ™ ¸ , ≤ . . . . . . , .
, . † . ƒ , , . . , ¸ . . . , . · , ¸ · ¸ ¸ . . ¸ · † . . , . · . π . . . . . . ¸ , ¸ , ƒ . ¸
· · , · · , . . , ¸ , . ƒ . . s , ’ , ∫ . . … , . , ¸ · ¸ . . ¸ . . . ¸ . ·
· ¸ · . π . . . . . . ¸ , ¸
· · . . , ƒ
. s . · ƒ , . ¸ . . ¸ , . . . , ≥ . . . ƒ . . ƒ ∫ ¸ . ≈ ’¸ . . . . · ¸ ’ . . . . . ¸
. ¸ · . . . , · . , ∏ , , . . . . . , ¸ . . , . . ¸ . , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ . , . . ¸ , . ƒ . . ≈
, . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ ¸ . . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ¸ ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ ˘ . ˘ . · ˘ _ ’ ˘ . . . . . ¸
, . . . . . .¸ . . . , . · ¸ - . . . · . . ¸
· · ·
· · . . , ƒ
. . s , . ∏ ≈ , s ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . . ¸ · . . . ƒ ¸ , . ¸ , . · · · . ∏ , ƒ ,
. . , · · ¸ , . . · . . . s . . . . , ¸ . . . . ¸ , ¸ . , ¸ . ¸ . · . ƒ , , , . . · . ¸ . . .
. . .

· . ∏ , · . ¸ s . . . . , ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ , s ¸ , . . ¸ . ¸ , · , . ¸ . , ƒ ,
, · , . ¸ . . . , ƒ , , · · ¸ . , . . , . , ∑ , . ƒ . . . . . . ≤ ƒ . · · . . . . . . · ¸
. . . ¸ . ∏ ¸ s . .
· · . . , ƒ
. . . · ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · . ∏ ¸ . . · _ ’ . . . . . ¸ . . . s π , . · ¸
, ¸ · † ¸ s . · · . . . ƒ , . . ƒ . , · ¸ . , , . . , . . . , . . . , ¸ . . , . . ¸
, . . . . ¸ , , · ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . ¸ . . . · . . ¸ . , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ , ≤ ƒ ∫ ¸ ,
’ . . ¸ . . , . √ . . . , . · . . . . , s · · ¸ . . ¸ . . . . . . , . . . ¸ . ¸
. . . . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . ¸ , , . ≤ ¸ . . ∏ · . . . , ≥ . . … . ¸ . ¸ . ∏ . ¸ ¸
· · . . , ƒ
˘ . ˘ . . , . ˘ · . ˘ ƒ · ˘ ƒ . . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ , . . ˘ , ˘ . , ¸ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ s ˘ ¸ , . ˘ . . ¸ ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸
. . . · . · . ƒ , . . . , . . . . . . . . ∏ ≈ ≤ . ¸ . . . ƒ ’ ,
¸ . . . · . · . , . . . ∫ . , . , ∑ . ∏ . . . , . ¸ . . , . · . . · . . . . . , ƒ , . . ·
· - . . , ƒ
. . . . . . . . . ≈ , . · . . . , ∞ . ∏ . . ≤ , ≥ · ¸ . ¸ ¸ . ≤ ¸ . . . , ≥ . . .
, . Ω . . , ƒ . . , . , . ∏ . . ≤ , ≤ , ¸ . . . † . ∏ ƒ ¸ · ¸ . ¸ ¸ . . ≤ ¸
· - . . , ƒ
. . . . s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ , . , · . . . π . ≤ . ƒ , . . ƒ , _
· . . . ¸ . . . ≤ , ≥ . . . . . ¸ · ¸ · † . , · ¸ . . , . . . . . . , ≥ . ∏ . . ∫
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . Ω , . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . Ω . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ . · . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . , , , · ˘ ™ . ˘ . . ˘ ƒ ¸
. ·¸ . ’ . . . . , . . ·
. · ·
. , · ·
. . , . . . , ¸ ƒ . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
Why?
The Barrier Wall on Nubar Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. . † ¸ . , . , ∂ , , · . ¸ . . · , . . ™
. . , . . ¸ . . . . . · , . . . ¸
. . ƒ . , . . . · · . . ƒ ∂ . , . ∑ . s ¸
. . ƒ . . . , . . ¸ . ∏ , ∂ ≤ ™
¸ , ¸
. . . , ¸ · . . ¸ . . , π
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
. . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . . ƒ ∂
. . , . . . , ¸ ƒ . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
Close Your Eyes and Dance
Lightly, the World’s the Belle
and You’re the Beau
It Adores You When It Sees
Your Grace, But If You
Glance At Your Feet, You Fall
hzb
Qasr al-Nil Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Tahrir: Your Address
The Barrier Wall on Nubar Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · ·
¸ ¸ ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
s ¸ . . . , . ¸ . ¸ , · . . . . . ∏ . , ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Be You
No Freedom Peacefully
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Do You See?
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: S Boraïe
· · ·
. , . ¸ Ÿ . . ¸ … . ¸ · . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
· ¸ . ƒ . ¸ Ÿ . . ≤ ∏ _
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Release the Prisoners
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: S Boraïe
The Dancing Egyptian Army
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: S Boraïe
· · ·
. . ∏ ƒ ¸ . ∏ . . . · s ¸ _ . . . s ƒ , . ·
. . . · . . , . , · . , -
. , . , . . , . . . , ·
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. . . . , … · . π . ƒ . . . . ¸ ¸ . ∏ . .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Tantawi: Killed Our Brothers,
Robbed Our Country
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: S Boraïe
Wanted for Justice: Karim
Basquawita
Final Friday May 4
Abbasiya Square
photo: S Boraïe
· · ·
. . . . ¸ . . . . ∫ . . . ¸ . · , … . ƒ , . ¸
– . . . . . , . ¸ ’ . . ¸ s ¸
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
. . . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . · ’ . . ¸ ¸
– . . . . . , . ¸ ’ . . ¸ s ¸
. . . , ¸ , ƒ . . ∞ . . . …
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
Persevering .. Long Live the
Prisoners’ Intifada
Union of Egyptian Socialist
Youth
Youssef el Gindi Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Victory to Egypt’s Workers
Revolutionary Ahly
Union of Egyptian Socialist
Youth
Youssef el Gindi Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. · ·
– , · . ≤ † . . . . . . ¸ . . . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
. ƒ , . . ¸ . . , . . . ƒ ¸ . ∏ . . , , .
, . . . . . , ¸ – . . s , . . . . s ¸ ,
, . . · · . . ¸ . . ƒ , .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , . ¸ . ¸ . , ,
A Revolution All Again .. My
Vote Goes to the Martyr
Alliance of Revolutionary
Artists
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Gigi Ibrahim
Salute to Egypt’s Shitting
Judiciary
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · ·
. ¸ ¸ Ÿ ≤ ¸ . ¸ , · · , . . ¸ Ÿ ¸ .
. . ¸ . ∏ ƒ ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
. . ¸ · , . ¸ . . ∏ ƒ ∫
. . . , ¸ › ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
I Am the Feloul President
Parliament Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Burning your HQ was a
Rehearsal, Son of a Bitch
Bab el Louk
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · ·
June 2011
June 1
Across the country, demonstrations take place
demanding application of the isolation law to Ahmed
Shafik. There are also increasing calls for Egyptians to
boycott an election which limits them to choosing the
lesser of two evils.
A group of legal experts and leftist and liberal
politicians launch a 'pledge document' laying out a set
of conditions which they say must be met by the
incoming president.
June 2
The Criminal Court sentences Hosni Mubarak and
Habib al-Adly to life, but Mubarak's sons Alaa and
Gamal and several high-ranking Interior Ministry
figures are acquitted of charges of killing protestors
due to lack of evidence. The Attorney General begins
appeals against the verdicts, and imposes a travel ban
on the acquitted officials; he also orders that the
ousted president be transferred to the Tora prison
hospital. Mubarak initially refuses to leave the
helicopter transporting him but is forced to enter the
hospital, where he demands that his two sons be
brought to join him given his precarious health. Tens of
thousands demonstrate in the streets of Cairo and
across the country in anger at the verdicts; thousands
of activists announce a sit-in in Tahrir and renew their
calls for an interim civilian presidential council to
replace the presidential election.
June 3
The sit-ins in Tahrir Square and Arbaeen Square, Suez,
enter their second day. Hamdeen Sabahi, Aboul
Fotouh and Morsi each visit Tahrir and affirm their
commitment to working together to further the
revolution and ensure Ahmed Shafik is barred from
contesting the upcoming runoff.
Huge crowds of Ahly and Zamalek ultras join the
demonstrations in Tahrir to denounce the acquittal of
officials involved in the killing of protestors.
Mona Seif and Alaa Abd El Fattah, accused of
participating in the ransacking of Shafik's campaign
headquarters, are released.
June 4
Mohamed Morsi meets with defeated candidates Sabahi
and Aboul Fotouh. The trio agree on the urgent need to
bring members of the former regime to justice and
implementation of the isolation law, but Morsi objects
· - ·
, ƒ , · · · · ·
· , ƒ , ·
. ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ · ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . · ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ , ˘ ≥ · ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ∫ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . . . , ≥ .
, . . . ¸ ’ . . ƒ ¸ . . ≤ . . . · ’ . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ † . ™ . . . . ¸ , , ¸ . , ¸
. ¸ , ¸ . · . . . . ¸
. . . . ¸ . . ¸ . , , ¸ , . ≤ . ƒ , , ¸ , . . . , , , · , . , ≤ · . . , . . . ƒ . . ™
. . . ¸ . . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . ¸ · , . ¸ . ≤ . . Ω
· , ƒ , ·
. . s . · . . . . , . ¸ . s , . . . . ƒ· . . . ∏ ≈ . , . , ∑ , . . . . . ¸ . , . . . , ¸ . .
. ∏ ≈ . ∏ ¸ . , . , ∑ , . . . . . . … . . . . . ¸ , , ¸ , . , ¸ . . . . ≤ . ¸ ’ . . ·
. . . · . . . . Ω , . ≤ . Ω . . . ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . s , , , ≤ ¸ , ≤ π . , . , ∑ ¸ . ≈
. . . . . . . ≈ . . . ¸ . ¸ . . , . , ∑ , ¸ · † ¸ , ’ . , , † . . ¸ ¸ . ≈ . . ƒ ∫
. . . . . . . . ≈ , , . ∏ . ≤ π . ∏ , · ¸ . ≈ . ƒ , √ . ¸ . . ¸ , · · . . . . , ·
. . . ¸ ¸ ’ ’ . , . ¸ . ƒ , ¸ . ≈ . . . ƒ , ¸ · ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . · . . ¸
. . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ . . s , . , ’ . . . . . . . . , . ∏ . ƒ , ’ . . . . . Ω . . . . . ¸ , ¸
, . . . . , . ¸ . . . . . . . . ∏ . ¸ , · . . . ¸ . . ¸
- , ƒ , ·
. . . . ¸ , ’ . . . . . Ω · ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . , . , ’ , . . , ¸ · ¸ . . . ƒ , . ¸
. ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ ƒ Ω . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , s ˘ π . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ ¸ . . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ƒ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ ¸ , . ˘ ¸ . . ¸
, ¸ , , , , . . , . , , , . ∏ . ƒ , . ¸ . . . . . , , , . ∏ . ƒ · ≥ . ¸ . π . . . . ¸ ,
. . ƒ , . , . ¸ ∫ . . . . . . , ≥
. ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ . ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . ∂ ˘ ˘ . † . ˘ ˘ ,
. ∏ . . . . . ¸ , ¸ · ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ . ¸ . . . . . . . . … . , . , ∑
. . , . . · . ∏ ¸ . . , , π . . ≈ , . · . . . . . . , ∞ · ¸ , . . , . . . . ¸ ¸
. ≤ ¸ . . ∏ · . . . , ≥
. , ƒ , ·
. . , . . ¸ , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ , . ¸ . . ¸ , . . ≤ ƒ , . ∏ ≈ . . . . s . . ¸ . . ƒ , , ·
· - ·
to the idea of a presidential council. Demonstrations
against the outcome of the trials continue.
June 5
Tens of thousands arrive in Tahrir Square in marches led
by Sabahi, Aboul Fotouh and Khaled Ali for a million-
strong 'demonstration for justice' against the verdicts
handed down in the trials of former regime figures.
Numerous political movements announce they are
boycotting the second round of the presidential election.
June 6
Mubarak's health takes a turn for the worse.
The Supreme Constitutional Court announces that it
will hear the cases of both the isolation law and the
law which governed last year's parliamentary elections
on June 14th.
Giza Criminal Court acquits 13 policemen of varying
ranks of charged with killing protestors on the 28th
January 2011.
Marches across the country commemorate the death
of Khaled Said, who was beaten to death by the police
in 2010, sparking mass outrage at state brutality. His
hometown Alexandria sees the biggest demonstration.
June 7
The Military Council meet with 22 political parties and
the Muslim Brotherhood to discuss the formation of
the Constituent Assembly, threatening to revive the
1971 constitution if an agreement is not reached
within 48 hours. A number of parties boycott the
meeting; the Muslim Brotherhood, who had initially
planned to stay away, return to the negotiating table.
Thousands gather in Tahrir and around the country for
a 'march of determination' to demand implementation
of the isolation law. Meanwhile, women in the square
protesting against sexual harassment are attacked and
sexually harassed.
Ten of the Abbasiya prisoners announce they are
escalating their protest by giving up water after a two-
week hunger strike has brought no results.
June 8
The sit-in in Tahrir comes to an end. Activists join a sit-
in outside parliament to protest against its threats of its
dissolution.
The defence in the 'battle of the camels' case repeat
Ahmed Shafik's recent claim that it was the Muslim
Brotherhood who orchestrated attacks on
demonstrators.
June 12
A fresh crisis unfolds as fourteen groups walk out of a
- - ·
, . , , ≥ · . ƒ , . . ¸ ∫ . , , . . ∏ . ƒ , . ƒ ∫ . . . ∏ . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ¸ . . . ¸
, . . . . ¸ , . . . . , ¸ ¸ · ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . · . . ¸ . . . . . s ,
- , ƒ , ·
. . . ¸ ¸ ’ ’ . , . . ∏ ƒ , ¸ . ≈ . . . ¸ , ¸ · ¸ . . . . . . , ¸ ¸ , ≤ ƒ . . .
. . . , ¸ . . , . . ¸ , . ƒ . . . ƒ ¸ , . . . . . ∏ ≈ · ¸ · . ∏ , ƒ , · . . . . · .
. . . . . s , . ∏ ≈ . , . , ∑ , , . . . ·
. . . , . . ¸ . . ¸ s . ¸ . . . , . . . , · . ∏ ¸ . ≤ . . . . , . . . ƒ . · ’¸ . . . . . ¸
’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , ·
· , ƒ , ·
. . ƒ , . . . ≠ · ¸ . . . . · . . . . , · . . , . , ∑
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ ¸ s ˘ π . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ∫ . . . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ ¸
, . . . . . ¸ . , ¸ . . . , , ƒ Ω . · , ƒ , ·
. . s . · . . . , . ¸ . . , ¸ . . . . , . s . , . . , ¸ . . - · . ¸ . † . , . •
, . . . . . . . ¸ . · . ¸ , . · · . π . . . . . . ¸ , ¸ , ƒ Ω · · , . . , ¸
. . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ , , · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ · ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . · ˘ . ˘ . ¸ s ˘ . , s ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . · ˘ ¸
’¸ . . s . . , , · · ¸ . s ¸ ¸ . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . , .
· , ƒ , ·
. . . . s ¸ … , . . . ™ . ≤ , . . ¸ · · . ¸ . . , ’¸ . ƒ , . . . . ∏ . ƒ , , . . .
. ˘ ˘ ¸ ’ . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ , ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , ’ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . , . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ … , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ π . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ¸
. . . , . . . , · · . . . . . · . ∏ . ƒ · ≥ . ƒ ∫ . . . , . . , · . . . . . ƒ , . , . . . .¸ . . . .
. . . . ƒ , · · · · · ¸ . . . · . . Ω ƒ · ≥ . ≤ ƒ ¸ . . . , . . . , · ’¸ . ƒ ,
, † . . ¸ , , ¸ . ≈ . . ƒ . . . . . , . · . . . . , . . . ¸ · ¸ . , ƒ Ω . . . . ¸ . . . . . ¸
. . ƒ · ≥ . . . . , . . . . . , . . , ·
’ ’ . · ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , ¸ ¸ . . . . . . · ¸ . . . . · . . ¸ · ¸
· . ∏ , ƒ , · ’¸ . . ¸ , . . ¸ . π . , , ≥ . . ¸ ∫ . . . , . . . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . . . · , · . . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . . . . ¸ · ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ¸ . ¸
. ∏ , . ƒ Ω , . . . ¸ . ¸
· · . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ , . ∏ ≈
· - ·
joint session of the People's Assembly and the Shoura
Council meant to select members for the Constituent
Assembly which is to write Egypt's new constitution.
The groups who leave claim that Islamists are
attempting to hijack the process.
June 13
Justice Minister grants military police and military
intelligence ‘judicial power,’ authorising them to arrest
and investigate civilians for a wide range of offences.
Parliament releases the list of members of the second
Constituent Assembly.
The military prevent hundreds of demonstrators from
staging a sit-in outside the Supreme Constitutional
Court, which is hearing cases regarding both the
isolation law and the constitutionality of parliament.
June 14
With 18 tanks and armoured cars standing guard
outside, the Supreme Constitutional Court rules to
annul the isolation law, meaning Ahmed Shafik is still
in the running for the presidency. The court also rules
that a third of seats in the People's Assembly were
elected unconstitutionally, meaning the entire house
must be dissolved. Demonstrations take place in
several cities.
Brotherhood and FJP leaders decide at an emergency
meeting that Mohamed Morsi will stand in the
upcoming election, despite calls from both inside and
outside the organisation for him to withdraw from the
military-run process in order to expose its illegitimacy.
Courts in Cairo and Mansoura acquit a number of
police officers and sergeants charged with killing
protestors.
June 16
The first day of the presidential runoff sees ongoing
demonstrations against the two Supreme Court
verdicts and the new powers given to the military
police. Commentators describe recent events as a 'soft
coup' by the military, and there are renewed calls for
voters to boycott the election or spoil their ballots.
Jokes and quips used by some voters to spoil their
ballots spread online.
Field Marshal Tantawi orders the dissolution of the
People's Assembly following the Supreme Court ruling.
Lawyers and rights activists lodge 11 court appeals
over the course of two days against the ruling which
granted military police sweeping new ‘judicial’ powers.
June 17
A supplementary constitutional declaration is issued,
- - ·
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ . s ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ , . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ , ˘ . . ˘ . ’¸ . . ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ , ˘ , . ˘ ¸
. . . . Ω . . . . . . , ƒ . , ¸ . , ∏ . . . ¸ . , , . . . . . ∏ . ·
· , ƒ , ·
· ƒ ¸ . . , . . . , · . ∏ ¸ · † ¸ . . . . . . , . · ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ . , . . . . .
, . † . . ƒ , . · . . . . . Ω . . Ω . , ¸ . . . ,
. . · . ¸ · ¸ · † . , · . ƒ · . · . . . π , . , . . . · . . · . . . . . . , ≥ . . . , . Ω
, ’¸ . ƒ , . . . . ∏ . , ¸ . , . . , ¸ . . , . ƒ · . · . . . π
· · , ƒ , ·
. , , , . · . . , . . · ¸ . . . , . . , · . . . . . ƒ , . . . . . . . ¸ . · . , . ·
. ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ ’ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ∑ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ . . ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ . . , . . . ˘ ƒ , ¸
’ . . , . , . . . . . . . . . . , s , ¸ · ¸ s . . . · . . . . ƒ , . . . ¸ . , . . . . . . , ƒ ,
, ƒ· s . , , , ’¸ . . · . , , ¸ , . . , . ƒ , ’ . . . . ƒ .
- · , ƒ , ·
, , , ¸ . . . ∫ , . . . , · ¸ , , . . ¸ . . ∏ . · · . † . , . , · . ≤ † . . · , · . . ∏ ≈
. . . , , ¸ . ∏ . . ¸ . · . . . . s ¸ , · , . . . . . ¸ ¸ . . ¸ . , ·
. . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , · ˘ , . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ∏ . ¸ . . . ˘ . . , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ , π . . . ¸
. ∏ . . . , · . . . . . , . . , · . ∏ . . . . ƒ ,
· ƒ ¸ . . , . ¸ . . ™ . . . . ¸ . ¸ ’ . . . . . Ω . . Ω . ≤ ¸ . . . s . ·
. ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ , ˘ ∏ ˘ · ˘ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ · . ≤ . ƒ , . . ¸ ∫ . . . , . . . ¸ .
, . . . . ƒ , , · . , ¸ . . . ,
. · , ƒ , ƒ
· ¸ . ¸ . . · · · . . , . · , . . . . . · . . . . s . · . . . . . ƒ , , · . . ∏ , .
≤ † . ¸ . , . · , · . ƒ , . . ¸ ∫ . . . , . . ¸ . . . . ¸ , . . . . . . , ≥ · ¸
. . . , . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ¸ . , . . . Ω . . . . ƒ , , · . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . .
, . ƒ . . , . . ¸ . π . . . ∏ . ¸ s . . · . , . . . . ¸ ¸ · ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . ,
. . . . ¸ , · . . . . s , . . . s . ·
. . . . ¸ . . , _ . . . . ¸ ∑ . . s . . ¸ , . . . . ’¸ . ƒ , . . . . ∏ . , ¸ , . . s . .
. . . . , . … . . ¸ ¸ . . ¸ , · , . . . . · , ≤ ¸ , . . . . ¸ , . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ · ¸
’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · . . . . . · . . . . , . ¸ . . , . . . ¸ . . , _ ’¸ . ƒ ,
. - ·
restoring legislative powers to the SCAF following the
dissolution of parliament, authorising the council to
scrap and reform the Constituent Assembly over the
following week, retaining for the SCAF certain powers
which limit the authority of the incoming president,
and decreeing that the president be sworn in before
the Supreme Constitutional Court rather than
parliament.
The Free Egyptians Party, Dignity Party and Social
Democratic Party found a 'third current' in an attempt
to bring together opponents of both the military and
the Brotherhood.
June 18
Morsi announces victory in the early hours in the
morning, based on counts gathered from across the
country by his campaign, whilst the Shafik camp refute
the Brotherhood claims and say only the Elections
Commission can announce definitive results.
The FJP reject the SCAF's constitutional declaration,
which they say will hamstring the new president.
The Interior Ministry steps up its presence in the
streets, and tanks surround the Ministry of Defence
and other state institutions. Rumours spread that the
Muslim Brotherhood plan to take up arms if Morsi
loses the election, and state media report that lorries
carrying smuggled weapons have been seized in
various locations across the country.
The second Constituent Assembly elect Hossam al-
Gheriany as chairman.
The USA and a number of human rights organisations
say recent actions on the part of the Military Council
constitute a setback for the transition to democracy;
the military reject what they call foreign interference in
internal affairs.
Mubarak is reported dead. Official sources deny the
rumours, and the ex-president is moved to the Armed
Forces Hospital in Maadi.
June 19
Crowds gather in Tahrir and around the country to
protest against the supplementary constitutional
declaration, whilst Islamist activists begin a sit-in in the
square, anticipating that the elections will be rigged.
June 20
The Elections Commission postpones the release of the
final election results while it investigates over 400
appeals lodged by both candidates.
MP Essam Sultan takes legal action against Field
Marshal Tantawi and the government for preventing
· - ·
, . . ∏ , , . . . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . ¸ , s . . ∞ . . . . s ¸ . . Ω . . . . .
. . s . . . , . ∏ . . . , . ¸ · ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . , . . . . . ƒ , . ≤ † . , . , . , ¸ . . . . , . •
, · ¸ . . . ¸ . · s . ƒ . . , . , ¸ . ≤ . π . . . . . . ¸ , ¸
· · , ƒ , ·
. , ƒ Ω ’ , ∫ · ¸ . ƒ . · ’¸ . . . . . · . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · . , . . . . ¸ ,
. . . . . ¸ . . . . s . ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , · , · ¸ , · . † . , . , · . ≤ † . . · , · . · , . .
, . . . · . . ∏ ≤ ƒ , , . . . . . . . · ’ ≤ · ¸ . . . . s ¸ … . . . . , . . , ¸ , .
. . . ƒ ¸ . . ≤ . . . · ’ . . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . ∫ . . . ƒ ¸ . , . . . . , . . π
. . . . s · s . , , . . . . . ¸ , ƒ , . ∏ ≈ , , ¸ ’ · . ¸ ¸ ¸ . . . ’ ’ . . ƒ , ,
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ , . . ˘ ˘ . , · ˘ ˘ ¸ , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ π . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ . ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ . ˘ s ˘ ,
. . . . . ƒ , , · . . ∏ , .
· ¸ , ƒ . , ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , . . . . . . ≤ ƒ · , ƒ , , . ¸ s ƒ , · · . . ƒ ¸ . . Ω
. . . s . · ’¸ . , , · . . . · ¸ , · . † . , . , · . ≤ † . . · , · .
· · , ƒ , ·
. . . . s ¸ … , . . . , ’¸ . · , . . . . . ƒ , … . . s . π . . . , · . , ƒ Ω . . . ¸
. ¸ . ƒ . · ’¸ . . . . . . ƒ· s . . . . . . . · . ∏ . . ∏ . · . . . . ¸ , . , · . . . · ¸ ,
. ˘ π . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . , . , . . ˘ s ˘ , ˘ π . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ , . . , · . ∏ . . . . ƒ , . · ∫
. . , ƒ ¸ . , , . . . . . . . . . ¸ . . . ∏ . . ¸ . . s , ∏ · . . . · . , . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸
. . . . . . . , , ≤ ¸ , , . . . ¸ · , . ¸ . . , ƒ· . … . , . , ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , · . . Ω
. . . s . · . . . . . ƒ , , · . . ∏ , .
. ˘ ¸ ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ , ˘ ¸ ’ . ˘ ¸ , , . ˘ s ˘ ¸ . ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ … . ˘ . , ˘ . ƒ · ¸ . ¸
’ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ƒ· . . . . ƒ , · . ˘ . ˘ , . , . . . . . . . ˘ . … , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ _ ¸ . ˘ ≈ . ˘ . ˘ ™
. ¸ · † . , ¸ . s π . ¸ . . . . s ¸ , ’¸ . ƒ ,
· · , ƒ , ·
. ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ ¸ _ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ , . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ · ’¸ . ˘ · , · ˘ ƒ , √ · ˘ ¸
. . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · , · ≤ . ’¸ . . . . · , , . s . · · ’ . . ƒ ¸ . , . . ∏ · . . . , ≥
. ≤ . . ƒ· . ¸ . . . . , . ƒ· s . · , · . . . . . . . ’¸ . ƒ , . , , . ≤ ¸ ,
. . , . · ¸ . ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ·
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ · , . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ · , ˘ , ˘ ∏ ˘ ≠ . ˘ . . . ˘ s ˘ ¸ … . ˘ ¸ · † . ˘ · . ˘ ·¸ . ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , …
. . s . π . . . , ¸ · · . s , π . . . . · . , . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . . . .
· - ·
MPs entering parliament, which he says constitutes a
breach of their legal rights as representatives of the
Egyptian people.
June 21
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton says Egypt's
military leaders say one thing in public and do the
opposite in private; the SCAF say they will not be
swayed by foreign pressures.
Shafik makes his first public appearance since the
elections at a press conference, where he assures
journalists he is confident of being named as Egypt's
next president pending the official release of results by
the Elections Committee.
June 22
On 'No Coup Friday', hundreds of thousands
demonstrate in Tahrir Square and across the country in
protest against the supplementary constitutional
declaration. The Brotherhood announce they will
continue their Tahrir sit-in until the declaration is
retracted and parliament reconvened; a SCAF statement
defends the declaration and warns that they will not
take lightly any threats to public or private interests.
The Elections Commission announce that final election
results will be released on June 24th.
June 23
Tens of thousands of Shafik supporters demonstrate at
the Sadat memorial parade ground in support of their
candidate and the Military Council.
June 24
The Elections Commission declare Mohamed Morsi
Egypt's first democratically-elected president and state
that any irregularities which may have occurred during
the electoral process did not affect the final outcome
of the vote. Participants in the Brotherhood sit-in in
Tahrir Square celebrate what they see as a victory for
the revolution, whilst across the country, people take
to the streets to celebrate Shafik's defeat.
President Morsi gives his first televised speech to the
nation.
June 25
Morsi and Tantawi meet to determine the new
president's powers, and are joined by Kamal Ganzouri,
who submits his resignation to the Field Marshal. The
latter asks Ganzouri and his cabinet to continue their
work until Morsi is sworn in and forms a new
government.
June 26
Over the course of two days, President Morsi meets
· - ·
. . . ∏ , · s . ∞ ƒ . . . . · ¸ . . . . , ¸ . , . . . , . . ¸ ¸ , . . . . . , . .
. ƒ ∫ , , , . . . · . ¸ , . . . . ¸ . ƒ· . . . . . ¸ . . , . · . , ¸ , . . . . . · . . ¸
. ƒ ∫ . . . , . s . ¸ . . . ¸ . · , . . . , . · . , s ¸ , . , . , · ¸ ’¸ . · Ω
. ¸ . . . ¸ . . . . ¸ … . ¸ . ≤ , † ¸ . ∏ ≈ . . . . . ¸ . . · ¸ . , ¸ . · · ¸
. . . . . . , ƒ , , ·
. . . . s , π . . . ¸ . ∏ . . . , · . . . . . , . . , · . ∏ . . . . ƒ , , . . . . . . . . . . . . ,
. . . . Ω . . ¸ , . ¸ , · , . . . . , . . . ’¸ . . . ¸
. ˘ ƒ ’ , ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ’ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ s ˘ , ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ . . ≤ ƒ · , ·
. . , . , · . . , ¸ . ≤ ¸ , ¸ ’ . , ¸ . . ∏ . . . s ¸ … s ƒ . . . . ¸ . . ∏ , ·
. . . ƒ ∫ . . , . ≤ ¸ . ¸ . , . . . . s ¸ … , ¸ · † ¸ . . . . π . . . , . ¸ · ¸
. . . . ƒ , . . . ∏ , ·
˘ ˘ , ˘ . . . ˘ ¸ , · ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ . , ∑ ¸ s ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ s ˘ , ˘ . , ˘ ≤ ˘ ∏ ˘ · ¸ . ˘ ≈ . . . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ≈ . ˘ ≤ ˘ ƒ ¸
. . . . ∏ . · . . . . . . . … . , . . . . . , , . . . , · . . ¸
· · , ƒ , ·
. . . ƒ . · ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . · . . ¸ . . . ’¸ . · , . . . . . ƒ , … . . s . π .
, · ƒ ¸ ¸ . . · . , · . . . . , . . . . , . , . . . , . . . ¸ , , ¸ . , . · ’ . . . . . ¸
· · , ƒ , ·
. ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · . . . , . , . . ƒ· . π · , · ¸ . · , .
. . . , . · ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · . , , , . . . . · . . . . ≈ . , , ¸ ,
. . ∂ . . , . · ¸ . . . · . . ¸ , . . ¸ . ƒ · . . ∏ . . ¸ · ¸ . . . ƒ , . . ≤ . . ·
. ¸ s · . . ¸ . . . , ¸ , . . ¸ . . , , ¸ · · . . . ¸
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . · . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . . ˘ ˘ . Ω . . ˘ ∏ ˘ . ˘ . , , ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ , . ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , …
, . . s ƒ . · . . Ω . . s . · . ≤ † . . . ’¸ . , … . . . . · , ƒ ¸ . ¸ , ¸ . ¸
. . ƒ ∫ . , ¸ . . . ,
· · , ƒ , ·
, , , ¸ . . . . , . , · ’ . ¸ , s , · , . . , . . . . s ¸ … . . , · · , . . · . . . ∏ ƒ ,
· ¸ . . . ¸ . s . ¸ . . , ≤ ƒ . ƒ , · ¸ . . ∏ ¸ . . . . , . . . , ¸ ¸ . · , . . . , . ·
. ˘ ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · . ˘ · ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ¸ · ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ s ¸ … , . ∏ ¸ . . Ω . . . . . ·
. . . † . . ƒ • . . . , . , ·
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ≥ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ ƒ· ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ . · ˘ ¸ , ∫ . ˘ , ˘ ƒ , . ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ .
· - ·
with families of the martyrs and a number of those
wounded during the revolution, as well as party
leaders, church representatives, activists and
newspaper editors.
The Administrative Court revokes the powers granted
to military police by the Justice Minister.
The investigating judge in the case regarding State
Security officials accused of deliberately burning
incriminating files refers Hassan Abdel-Rahman and
forty senior officials of the now-dissolved security
apparatus to the criminal courts.
June 28
Morsi announces he will be sworn in before the
Supreme Constitutional Court in accordance with the
SCAF's June 17 constitutional declaration.
June 29
On the 'Friday of the Handover', Morsi arrives in Tahrir
Square with the protection of a detachment of
Republican Guards – yet openly not wearing a
bulletproof vest – to take the oath of office before the
masses, and promises retribution for the martyrs and
fulfilment of the revolution's aims.
June 30
Morsi is officially sworn in as president of the republic
before the Supreme Constitutional Court before
heading to Cairo University to take the oath for the
third time; he later visits Hykestep base for a military
parade in what was called “Celebration of the transfer
of power to the president.”
· . ·
’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · , ƒ· s . · , · . ∏ ≈ . ≤ . · . . · . ¸ · , . ¸ . ≤ . . Ω , ·
, . . . ¸ . . . , . · . ¸ . . . , · . ¸ . ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . ·
· · , ƒ , ·
. ˘ ∏ ˘ , ƒ , · · ’ . ˘ · ˘ ≤ · ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ . ¸ ’ ’ . , ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . , , · ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ¸
, . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ∏ ˘ ≈ ’¸ . ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , … . ˘ . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ π .
, ’¸ . ƒ , , ƒ· s . , , . . . . . . ƒ , · ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ . . ≈ ¸ . . . . ’¸ . · ,
, . ƒ . . . , ¸ . . . ,
. ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ ¸ … , . . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . , ˘ ˘ . · ˘ ˘ ™ · ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ · . ˘ ˘ ¸ ’¸ . ˘ ˘ · , . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ƒ , …
. . s . π . , , ƒ· s . · , · . . Ω , . , · . ™ … , . , . . ∏ . . . . . _ . . . . ·
, . . . . . ·
. . . · ’ . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · . . . . . . . . · . . . . . · . . . . , ¸ ’ . .
. · , ƒ , ƒ ’¸ . · , . . , . ¸ · , . ¸ . . . . ¸ … . . . . . .
- · , ƒ , ·
. . . ¸ ¸ ’ ’ . . ¸ . ƒ· , . … . . . . . . , ≥ , . . . . ¸ , , . . Ω . . . . . ·
. · . . . . ¸ s π . ¸ . ¸ . . . , , , . . . ∏ . ¸ . . . . s ¸ …
. · , ƒ , ·
. ∏ . . · . . ∏ , . . · . . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . , · . ∏ ¸ . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ , ∫ , · , . ¸
. . . ¸ … . . . . . . , . ƒ · ¸ . , . . , ƒ· s . , . . ¸ , · . ¸ . . ¸ , · . .
. . . . . . . ∏ , · ’ . . . . , · ’ ƒ· . ¸ · ¸ . . . . · , · . . . , . · . . . . . . . . ƒ ,
· ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . ∏ ƒ , . . ƒ , . ¸ . . ¸ . . . , ¸ , ¸ . . ∂ . . . . , . ∏ . ƒ , . .
, . . . , ¸ ¸ · ¸ . . . . . . , ƒ , , · . . . . ’ . .¸ , . · . . . , ≥
. ˘ ¸ · ˘ , . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . . ˘ . s ˘ . ˘ ƒ , . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ ∏ ˘ ≤ ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . . · ’ , ∫
. · . · . , ¸ . . . . . . ¸ . . ∏ , . ¸ , ƒ ,
- · , ƒ , ·
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ , . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . . , . ˘ . . . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , … . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ . , ˘ .
. . · . , . ¸ . ¸ · , . ¸ , . . . ¸ , , … , . † . , . · . . . . ¸ , , ≤ . Ω . . . ≤ . . . ·
. ∏ . . . , ¸ . . … . ∏ . . . · . . , , ¸ ’ . . . ∫ . . ≈ ¸ . · , . ¸ · , . ¸ . ¸
. . s ƒ . · . . . , . .
· · , ƒ , ·
. ∏ ≈ . . , , ƒ . , ¸ . ¸ . . ¸ , . . . ≤ , π . . . . ¸ . . . . . ¸ . . ƒ , . , . . ¸
· . ·
. . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . . , , ,· . . ˘ ˘ . . . ˘ ˘ ¸ ¸ , . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . ˘ ¸ . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ , . . ˘ · , . ˘ . . . ˘ ¸
. . . . . . . , , ,· . . . . . ¸ , ¸ . . . . ∞ · ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ . . . , ƒ , …
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · ’¸ . , , ˘ ˘ · . . ˘ ˘ . , . ˘ ˘ s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ · , · ˘ ¸ , , , , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . ˘ . ∫
. . . † . , . , · . ≤ † . . · , ·
· . . . ¸ . . . ≤ , ≥ · ¸ · † . , · . ¸ ¸ . ∏ . . ¸ . ¸ . . , . · , . , π . . . ¸
. , . . ¸ . . ¸ , · . . ¸ · , . . ¸ . ¸ . . , . · . . . . π ¸ . ≈ . . s . ·
. . . . , . ¸
· · , ƒ , ·
. ˘ ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ˘ ¸ , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ¸ ˘ · . . ˘ , ˘ ƒ· . … . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , , ˘ · . ˘ . Ω . ˘ . ˘ . ˘ s ˘ . ˘ ·
. . . . . ƒ , , · . . ∏ , .
· · , ƒ , ·
. ∏ , ƒ , · · . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . · . . ¸ . . ¸ · ¸ . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . . ¸ . . ·
. . . ˘ ˘ ˘ . . . . ˘ ˘ ˘ ¸ · ˘ ˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ¸ . ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ , … . , ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ _ . . ˘ ˘ . , √ . ˘ ˘ . Ω
. ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ¸ . , , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ∞ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , … . , , ˘ . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ . . ˘ ≤ . . ˘ . . ¸
. ∏ . . , . . , . . . s . . ∫ . . ƒ , .
· - , ƒ , ·
. ˘ . Ω . ˘ . . . ˘ . ˘ ƒ , , ˘ · . ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ , ˘ . . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ ¸ , ˘ . ˘ ∏ ˘ ∞ . ˘ , ˘ . ˘ , ˘ ¸ . ˘ ¸ . . ˘ . ˘ , ˘ · , · , . . .
. ∏ . . , ƒ , , · . . , , . ƒ . · . . . . . · . ≤ . . ¸ . . , ∏ ≤ ¸ . . . . . . . , . ¸ . ≈
’ . · , , . ∏ ∞ . , . , ¸ . . . . . ƒ , , · . ∏ . ¸ . . . . . . · . · , π , , . ƒ . · ¸ . ≈
. , . , s . . . . . . † . ƒ , . ¸ . ¸ . . . s ¸ … . . . ¸ · . . . , . ¸ . ∏ ≤ ƒ . ∏ , , .
· . . π . . ∏ , , . . . ∏ . · . ∏ ¸ · , . ¸ .
· . ·
’ . ∏ . . ¸ . ¸
. , . . , . . .
. . . , ¸ . . . . . , π fi . . . . ¸ . . . ∂
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
No To Harassment
Mira Shehadeh
Ismail Mohamed Street, Zamalek
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
’¸ . . . . . ¸ · ¸
. . ∏ · . ≤ . . . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. ≤ . . . ƒ ,
. . ∏ · . ≤ . . . ƒ ,
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
#Boycotting
Boycott Elections Campaign
Sabri Abu Alam Street
photo: S Boraïe
Elections Are a Trap
Boycott Elections Campaign
Sabri Abu Alam Street
photo: S Boraïe
. . ·
s . , ‘ , . ∏ . ¸
Ω ¸ .
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
· . , Ω
Ω ¸ .
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Resist
M.B.D.
Sabri Abu Alam Street
photo: S Boraïe
There Was and It’s Gone
M.B.D.
Sabri Abu Alam Street
photo: S Boraïe
· . ·
. . . . . ƒ , Ÿ . . ¸ . . ¸ . ∏ . . . s ¸
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
. , . , · · † . . · , · . . . . , . . . ¸ . ¸
Ω ¸ .
. . . , ¸ . . , … . ƒ . ∏ ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
Judicial Powers [for the
Military] .. Take This You
Pimp
M.B.D.
Sabri Abu Alam Street
photo: S Boraïe
The Constitution Is For Egypt
Not For the Military
Sabri Abu Alam Street
photo: S Boraïe
· . ·
. . . ·
. . . ∂
. . . , ¸ ’ . , · . . ,
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
› ∏ . ¸ . ¸
. . . , ¸ . . ∏ , . . , . . . . .
. . ƒ , ¸ . . ¸ , ∞ . ¸ . ¸
SCAF Son of a ...
Soliman Pasha Street
photo: S Boraïe
Justice
Shank
Emir Kadadar Street
photo: S Boraïe
· - ·
. . , . ¸ · . , . . , . , ’ . Ÿ ¸ .
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
. ¸ · , . ¸ . ≤ . . Ω · - , ·
. . s . ƒ . ,
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Next President 30/6
Prosecute Them
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
It’s No Use, Motherfuckers
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· - ·
. . ƒ , . . . . . . ¸ . . ∏ ¸ s ∏ ∞ . . . . . ¸
. . ¸ · . . ¸
. . . , · . . . ¸ , ¸ , . . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
¸ . . . , . _ . ∏ ¸ · . π . ƒ ∑
. s , Ÿ . . , . . . π . s , Ÿ ¸ . . . . . . π
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ . , . , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Choose Between The Ones
Who Killed Your Brother
The Field Marshal’s Rule Is
Illegitimate, The Murshid’s
Rule Is Illegitimate
Mohamed Mahmoud Street
and Tahrir Square
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
The Revolution Continues:
He Who Appointed Isn’t
Dead
Omar Fathi
Corner of Tahrir Square and
Mohamed Mahmoud St.,
Downtown
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
. - ·
. . . s ¸ · . ∏ ƒ ,
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
Tahrir Square
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Murdering Soldiers
Tahrir Square
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· - ·
. . . . . ¸ . ¸ · . . . · · · · ·
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
· · , ’ – . . ¸ . ∏ · . . · · . . . , . . π . . . Ÿ ƒ , · ·
. . . . , , . . . ∏ ¸ . . · . . . ∫ . ∏ ≈ s π . . , . . . . . ∏ ¸ . . . ≈
. . . ¸ √ . . . . , . , . . ƒ ‘ .

. . · . ∏ . ƒ . ∏ . ¸ , . . . ƒ . . . ¸ . , . ¸ . . ¸
, . . . . ƒ . ≤ . π , ’ . . . . ƒ . , . ¸ . . . . . , , .
, . . · · . . ¸ . . ƒ , .
. , . , . . . ¸ , ¸
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , . ¸ , , . , , π
“Do not think that God is unaware of the works of
the unjust.” Quran
I Am the Martyr, My Blood Flows Over Every Inch
Here. I Sacrificed My Life For Your Well-Being. You
Killed My Dream, Sold My Blood Cheap, Gave the
Killer Justice But Not Me, I Am the Martyr
Alliance of Revolutionary Artists
Tahrir Square
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
Presidential Elections 2012
Tahrir Square
photo: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· - ·
· · ·
¸ . . ≈ . ∏ ¸ · . ¸ , . ∏ , ∂ ‘ ’¸ . . . . . ¸
. . . , . ƒ . s ¸ , . . . . ƒ . ·
. . . , ¸ fi . . fi . ƒ .
. . ƒ , ¸ . , ƒ . , , . ¸ , , . , , π
Forget What Happened and
Stick with the Elections
Ammar Abu Bakr et al
photos: Tara Todras-Whitehill
· · ·
Christmas Presents
Rasha Azab
I walked over the bridge, with its worn timbers and
broken railings. I fell through the air, ran across the
water, hung on to the thought. I heard the echo and I
believed it. I had faith in the chants. I prayed to the
picture of the masses and cried out twice as I recited
the birth charms at death.
These are my walls, my wet pavement, my broken
paving slabs laid out in patterns like spiderwebs. I
drank from the well, and passed the water to my
comrades who were by my side in the battle and the
smoke. I scribbled the phone numbers of my mother
and my loved ones on my skin and waited to die,
alone, a stranger here. I chose my death; I didn't
choose my life. I chose to die in Mohamed Mahmoud
Street; you chose to step over my body, through that
same street, to take up your throne with your soldiers
and weapons.
That stubborn red cap and those arrogant black boots.
They trampled over my body as you received the keys
to the palace, handed to you like a Christmas present.
Christmas was a success, and I was the tortured
messiah who was killed. Who's giving the keys to
whom? The ones who killed me presented a picture of
the nation, above the barrel of a gun, to the ones who
sold the idea and the spirit. Here. On the very same
street where bullet and false testimony embraced, I fell
slain by your feet.
You divided amongst yourselves the bread of my body,
the wine of my sweat, the memories of my renewed
heroism. Even those memories, you squandered their
scent with your chameleon chants and your sold-out
voices. From this same street, the President chose to
enter the Square, where the gun commemorated its
victory over the remains of my mutiny against its
power.
The message has arrived. We'll reply one day, for
certain.
· · ·
· · ·
. . , . . s ¸ , . . . . . ¸
, . . . . ¸ ¸
. . . , . · ƒ ¸ . . . . ¸ . . . . . . . · . , . . , · , . . ∏ ƒ . · . . . s . . ¸ .
. . ˘ ˘ ≤ ˘ ˘ . . · ˘ ˘ ≈ . ˘ ˘ , ˘ ˘ ƒ . , , s † . . · ˘ ˘ ƒ ¸ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ∏ ˘ ˘ ≤ . . ˘ ˘ . . ˘ ˘ . ˘ s ˘ ¸ .
, . . . . . . . . . ¸ , . . . · . · , . . . . . . , . . . . . ∏ , . . . . ƒ , .
. . . ƒ ¸ , . . ¸ . . . ¸ , ¸ , . · ¸ . . , , . . . , · . . . . . . . , . . .
. . √ . . , ≈ , , . . , . ≈ . . , . π , . . ¸ ¸ . . . s . . ¸ . . . . . . . ∂
s . , ƒ • . . . s , ƒ ¸ . . ¸ . . . ¸ . , . ¸ , . ¸ , ¸ . . , . √ . ∏ ≈ . ¸
s ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ . ˘ ˘ . ˘ ˘ ƒ , ¸ . ˘ ˘ ¸ , · ˘ . ¸ . ˘ . ˘ ƒ . ˘ , ˘ · , . ˘ . . ˘ . , . . ˘ . ˘ ¸ ¸ , · ˘ . Ω
. ƒ ∞ . ≈ , . , . · ≈ . ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ , . . ¸ ¸ , . ƒ ¸ , . , .
, . ¸ , , . . . . . ≤ . . . ¸ ¸ . ƒ ≈ . s . . ≈ . , . . . , . , . ≈ . . ¸ ¸
, . ƒ ¸ · ≈ . . . , ¸ . . . . . . . ƒ . , . . ¸ ¸ . , . , ¸ ¸ . ≈
. ¸ . . ∂ . . . . ∑ , . . · . ∂ · ƒ ¸ . . . . ¸ . ¸ . . ¸ . . . . , ¸
. . . s . ¸ ’ . . ¸ . . . , . , . . √ . , , . . . . . . ƒ . . . . . s , ¸ . . ¸ ,
. ∏ ≈ . . . . ¸ , . . . . ∏ , . . . . ¸ . ≤ . . ¸ , s . · . . , . . , . . . , · .
s . , s ¸ , . . . . . ¸ . . . . , s . . . . . . . , _ . . . . ¸ . . ≤ . ƒ ∫
· , · . ¸ , . . ∏ , . . . . . ¸ . . ¸ · . ¸ · . ∏ ƒ ≈ , . . ∏ . ƒ , . . ƒ , . . ƒ . ¸
· ƒ ¸ · ƒ . · . , . . · , · . ≈ . ¸ . . . ƒ . . s ¸ . , . ¸ , ¸ . . . . ∏ ≈ , . ¸
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Thieves and Cowards –
Opportunism is the Solution
(FJP logo in red)
Hussein Hegazi Street
photo: S Boraïe
· · ·
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.
All the king's horses and all the king's men
Couldn't put Humpty together again.

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