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wall talk

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wall talk

graffiti of the egyptian revolution

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zeitouna

Cover: Revolution photo Maya Gowaily

Back cover: We Haven’t Forgotten Tahrir UWK Courtesy Nemo

Endpapers:

Front: Fell the System Teneen photo Osman el Sharnoubi

Back: Free Your Voice, You People of Slaves M.B.D. photo S Boraïe

©2012 Zeitouna ISBN 977 5864 18 6 Dar el Kutub 14896/2012 admin@zeitouna.com Printed in Egypt

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We Will Not Forget

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I don’t know if I’m a revolutionary because I’m a street artist, or if I’m a street artist because I’m a revolutionary… I prefer the second; I like them both. Revolution and art…

Omar Mostafa

Forewords by Malek Mostafa and Rasha Azab

Photography by Maya Gowaily

With contributions from Maggie Osama • Osman el Sharnoubi • Pierre Sioufi • Omar Kamel • Sarah Carr • Waiel Ashry • Gigi Ibrahim • Hashem el Kelesh • Menna Ibrahim • Hend Kheera • Tara Todras-Whitehill • Sherif Boraïe

Timeline compiled by Fadi Awad Captions translated by Khalid Abdalla Translated by Katharine Halls

Edited by Sherif Boraïe

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With gratitude to all the graffiti artists; to the photographers and friends who generously contributed their time and work; to Adham Bakry, Hend Kheera, Nemo and Kiro; to Karima Khalil, Sarah el Deeb and Pierre Sioufi; and to the many friends who helped locate graffiti.

Profits from this edition will support the work of revolutionary youth through the Mosireen collective. http://mosireen.org/

Based on the Facebook page created by Maya Gowaily. http://www.facebook.com/GraffitiEgypt

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Welcome to Our Revolution

Malek Mostafa

I've always thought that Teneen's mural of soldiers facing a king, a queen and a bishop best sums up the condition of our revolution, in which none of us is leader but all of us are soldiers in battle. Do you think that when you let go of your self, you become less of a person? Welcome to our revolution, where no-one is a god and no-one follower, no superiors and no subordinates. Welcome to our revolution. When we were in Wing 1B, Fawzi told me that he and I were soldiers, not officers, and that the enemy was the officers, whom no soldiers wanted to fight for. Welcome to our revolution. Do you think that when you relinquish your dreams of leadership and greatness, you’d be lost? We weren’t leaders and we never dreamed of being leaders; only the defeated among us chased after that. They made their deals and prostrated themselves. They

didn't believe it was a revolution. Their defeatism was stronger than their faith. They chased after illusory schemes that would transform them into 'leaders of the struggle' and 'front lines of the vanguard'. Those who sought advancement fell, and those who stood fast believed in victory and in the revolution. Welcome to our revolution. It's the same perpetual bewilderment between faith and unbelief, action and inertia, perseverance and despair; as always, victory will come only to the believers, to the dreamers, to those willing to bare their breast to the fire, not to die but to prevail with their bodies and remain steadfast. Welcome to our revolution. Its soldiers are not seen, only the boasters, the liars, the pimps who drag it to the highest bidder. The soldiers bide their time, waiting to reclaim it from its enemies and its opportunists. “Say, ‘Then wait: I am amongst you waiting.’" (Qur'an 10:102)

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Liberate the Walls, Liberate Yourselves

Rasha Azab

We are told that walls are deaf and pitiless. We are told that walls block out the light. These walls kill dreams with cold precision and stop even time in its tracks. We are told what we are told, but we've seen other walls.

Our walls… Our newspapers, which aren't sleazy tabloids… Our screens, which don't lie… Our voice, which is not defeated. Sitting on our walls, we drink our wine, which is without sin. At their foot, we make love from dusk till dawn.

We aren't afraid of walls. Within them, we share our secrets, and upon them we emblazon what is permitted and what is prohibited. We don't fear the walls behind which we hide our treasures and our thoughts, the walls upon which we raise our banners aloft.

We do not fear walls. Perhaps it is the walls who are afraid – afraid of colours and brushes after so many years of loneliness, nothing gracing their surfaces but

idiotic notices and military orders: PHOTOGRAPHY PROHIBITED. But the walls have become noble friends.

Now they bear the image of 'The Mother' and her silent wail, the face of 'The Living Martyr', the gun of 'The People's Hero', and the body of the one 'Killed in The Cell'. Maxims of the determined – beyond words, beyond momentary crises. The ones who only came for the battles, and the ones who, in death, long for another life.

We never asked: were you injured? How many bullets did your steadfast body last? What did the tear gas do to your arteries and your veins? You don't leave your place, you don't run away, you don't hide when the fighting breaks out. But what if we all leave you alone in the battle… How alone you are.

They're like you and more. Steady. Standing on the front lines of the fighting, never running away. Bursting out of the prisons of their own bodies. That's the difference between you and them: they liberated themselves from their bodies, but you remain a witness to the massacre and the map. A witness to the killer and the martyr. A witness to consciousness and

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unconsciousness. The bullets, the stones, the tear gas canisters, the molotovs. We have freed ourselves, but you are still in your place. So many walls have been imprisoned by civilisation, government, weapons. But we freed our walls, because they are like us. Liberate the walls… Liberate yourselves.

Overleaf:

Enjoy the Revolution April 2011 Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

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January 2011

January 1

In the first hour of the new year, an explosion in front of

Saints' Church, Alexandria, kills 21 people and injures 90.

January 14 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali flees Tunisia. January 17

A restaurant owner sets himself alight in front of the

gates of the People's Assembly building in protest at his ration of subsidised bread, and in Alexandria a youth unable to find a job hangs himself in despair. January 25 Huge numbers of Egyptians respond to calls by the Facebook page 'We are all Khaled Said' to sabotage National Police Day. Demonstrations erupt across Cairo and Giza, heading for Tahrir Square. Protests also take place in Suez, Ismailiya, Alexandria, Mansoura, Tanta and Aswan. Interior Minister Habib al-Adly blames demonstrations on the banned Muslim Brotherhood, who deny responsibility. Mobile phone networks are cut off in the vicinity of Tahrir Square.

At six in the evening, demonstrators gather around a fire

lit by the Ultras at the entrance to Qasr al-Aini street,

united under the slogans “The people want the fall of

the regime” and “Bread, freedom, human dignity”.

A state of quiet anticipation pervades the square until

midnight, when police attack demonstrators with water hoses and tear gas. The protesters disperse into small groups roaming the streets of downtown Cairo, forming demonstrations which move about the city until daybreak. The first martyrs of the Egyptian revolution fall in Suez.

January 26 Police clash with thousands of protestors who refuse to leave Tahrir Square, and the Interior Ministry arrests 500 people over the course of two days. Protests continue in Cairo and become fiercer in Suez, where the revolutionaries are joined by Sheikh Hafiz Salama, leader of the popular resistance in Suez during the 1973 October War. January 27 Demonstrations continue throughout the country as hundreds are arrested, including 20 members of the Muslim Brotherhood and activist Wael Ghonim. Mohamed ElBaradei returns to Cairo to join the protests.

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The Muslim Brotherhood announce their intention to join the following day's demonstrations, whilst Salafis leader Yassir al-Burhami states that he will not take part. In the evening, the government shuts down Facebook and Twitter, and then, after midnight, shuts down the internet completely. Meanwhile, security forces in most Egyptian cities prepare for the following day. January 28 Despite the closure of mobile phone networks and the internet to prevent the organisation of protests, hundreds of thousands of people flood out of mosques after prayers on the 'Friday of Rage' and head for Tahrir Square. The same happens in Alexandria, Suez, Mansoura, Ismailiya, Damietta, Fayoum, Damanhur, Zagazig, Port Said and North Sinai governorate. Over 800 people are martyred and over a thousand more injured across the country. Alexandria is hardest hit, with 87 dead, followed by Suez, with 13. Having failed to deter protestors, the police withdraw from Qasr al-Nil bridge in Cairo. Demonstrators gain control of Alexandria and Suez and burn local National Democratic Party headquarters and police stations until Hosni Mubarak, in his role as military commander,

announces a curfew in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez from 6pm until 7am. Tanks roll into the streets to maintain security and are welcomed by protestors who see the army as neutral. The slogan “The army and the people are one hand” appears for the first time. Shortly after midnight, Mubarak delivers a speech to the Egyptian people in which he dismisses the government, seemingly unaware that he himself is the target of the revolutionaries' anger. January 29 Flouting the curfew, demonstrators pour into Tahrir Square in the early hours of the morning to demand Mubarak's resignation, and violent clashes with police take place in front of the Interior Ministry building, where three people are martyred and scores more injured. The military intervene with armoured vehicles and take control of the situation. Mubarak appoints Omar Suleiman, intelligence chief and close ally, as his first-ever vice-president, and assigns former Civil Aviation Minister and Commander of the Air Force Ahmed Shafik the task of forming a new government. From Berlin, the German, French and British leaders express their concern at the situation in Egypt, and

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Britain and the USA advise their citizens to leave. A sense of chaos sweeps the country after the police withdrawal and news of uprisings in the prisons of Abu Zaabal, Tora, Fayoum, and Qata. General Mohammed Al Batran of the Prison Authority is martyred in Qata, and Habib al-Adly and his officers are subsequently accused of his murder. Al Batran is understood to have disobeyed orders to release prisoners – orders by the Interior Minister in a deliberate attempt to cause chaos. Young people form Popular Committees to protect property and maintain security in the streets. Egyptian television announces extension of the curfew, which will henceforth last from 4pm until 8am. Bedouin blow up the local State Security headquarters in al-Arish, Sinai, killing one person and wounding twelve. Egyptian television announces the resignation of Ahmed Ezz, member of the National Democratic Party's policies secretariat. January 30 Around 250 000 protestors remain in Tahrir Square. F16 aircraft fly overhead at low altitudes, prompting the chant “Hosni's gone crazy!”. ElBaradei, in Tahrir Square, demands that the regime leave and calls for a new Egypt.

Calls for Mubarak to step down are growing in number, both within Egypt and abroad, and US statements call upon the Egyptian government to respond to the demands of the people. Egyptians are urged by demonstrators in Tahrir Square to take part in the first million-strong demonstration to topple Mubarak. Israel asks for the global biased rhetoric against Mubarak to be moderated, countering that he has proved himself capable of maintaining peace in the region. The internet is still experiencing shutdowns, and opposition television channels, including Al Jazeera, are taken off air. Meanwhile, six Al Jazeera editors are arrested and later released. January 31 Military spokesperson General Ismail Etman promises that the army will not use force against demonstrators, and vows to protect the right to freedom of expression of all those using peaceful means. The new cabinet, headed by Ahmed Shafik, is sworn in. Omar Suleiman announces that Mubarak has entrusted him with the task of beginning a dialogue with a range of political players on the issue of constitutional and legislative reform.

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February 2011

February 1 Tahrir Square overflows with demonstrators calling for Mubarak's resignation in the biggest million-strong protest yet. In his speech, Mubarak asks the people to choose between chaos and stability. He refuses to leave immediately, but promises a peaceful transition of power and declares that he does not intend to stand for another term in office. He asks parliament to discuss articles 76 and 77 of the constitution, pledges an inquiry into the causes of the recent security lapse, and declares that he was born and shall die on Egyptian soil. The revolution rejects Mubarak's speech and demands his immediate departure. US special envoy Frank Wisner meets with Mubarak. Google develops a voice-to-tweet service to help Egyptians circumvent internet shutdowns. February 2 Crowds gather in Tahrir Square for the ninth consecutive day in response to calls for another million- strong march to reject Mubarak's speech. Pro-Mubarak groups appear for the first time since the

outbreak of the revolution in Mustafa Mahmoud Square in Mohandiseen to demand a return to stability and to rouse support for the President following his recent speech. They are joined by a number of artists, media personalities and footballers. Hundreds of regime thugs brandishing swords, canes and bayonets enter Tahrir square on horseback and camelback to attack the revolutionaries. The army do not intervene. Demonstrators capture the horses and camels and repel the attackers to the edges of the square, where the two sides pelt each other with rocks

in back-and-forth clashes which last until the following

morning. The centre of the square is transformed into

a field hospital packed with casualties. Later on,

Mubarak supporters positioned on the rooftops of buildings surrounding the square hurl Molotov cocktails and chunks of cement onto protestors, and the Egyptian Museum building is also damaged. Independent revolutionaries and Salafis fight in the front lines to defend the square with their lives, later joined by the Ultras then Muslim Brotherhood youth. The military, claiming neutrality, refuse to intervene, yet fire into the air to break up demonstrations. Protestors insist the army permitted the armed thugs to enter the square and that the attackers were police in

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civilian clothing, publishing photos of confiscated police IDs and NDP membership cards on YouTube. Health sources announce eleven dead and 1500 injured in the day's battle, many of whom remain in a critical condition. Subsequent investigations reveal the involvement of senior regime figures, NDP members and businessmen in the day's attacks on the revolutionaries, and the event comes to be known as the 'Battle of the Camel’. Egyptian Foreign Ministry statement rejects US and European calls for immediate political transition. February 3 Early in the morning, heavy sniper fire from the direction of Abdel Moneim Riyad Square kills at least five demonstrators in Tahrir Square, and renewed clashes break out in the surrounding area. Attorney General Abdel Meguid Mahmoud places a travel ban and freezes the bank accounts of Ahmed Ezz of the ruling National Democratic Party, former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly, former Tourism Minister Zuheir Garana, Housing Minister Ahmad al-Maghribi, and a number of other regime figures. Four thousand take to the streets in Suez to demand Mubarak's resignation.

Fifteen are killed and 150 injured by police forces in Damanhur prison, where prisoners are evacuated and then fired upon as they reach the doors of the prison. Police storm Hisham Mubarak Law Centre, a human rights NGO, and arrest all those present. February 4 The second million-strong demonstration to demand the regime's resignation takes place in Tahrir Square on what revolutionaries dub the 'Friday of Departure'. In an unprecedented scene, Muslim worshippers perform their Friday prayers protected by Christians and non- religious fellow demonstrators. Rachid Mohamed Rachid, Minister of Foreign Trade and Industry, is banned from leaving the country. Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik rules out the possibility of Mubarak stepping down or handing over to his vice- president Omar Suleiman, and claims that it is crucial for both security and legislative reasons that the president remain in office. Obama calls upon Mubarak to “do the right thing”. February 5 Huge demonstrations continue in Cairo and other cities. The regime announces the resignation of Gamal Mubarak and Safwat El-Sherif from the NDP executive

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committee and the appointment of Hossam Badrawi as secretary general. Former Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and three of his aides are placed under house arrest. The Egypt-Jordan gas pipeline is blown up and Israel decides to temporarily halt Egyptian gas imports. A security source in North Sinai claims that foreign elements were involved in planning the explosion. The Ministry of Health announces that eleven people have died since the first day of the revolution; UNESCO says the death toll throughout the country may be as high as 300, whilst Reuters reports that it has counted 150 dead in Cairo, Alexandria and Suez alone. Economists value the Mubarak family's wealth at approximately 70 billion US dollars, most of which is concentrated in British and Swiss bank accounts and property in London, New York and Los Angeles. A number of traditional opposition groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood and various independent figures, attend a national dialogue meeting with vice- president Omar Suleiman in which it is agreed that a committee for constitutional reform is to be formed within months. Suleiman also agrees to work towards ending emergency law, to form a national follow-up committee to implement reforms, to lift restrictions on

the media and communication, and to pursue those accused of corruption. Revolutionaries reject the dialogue with Suleiman. Omar Suleiman rejects calls by young revolutionaries for Mubarak to transfer power to his vice-president. Banks reopen after a week's closure. Prayers for the martyrs are performed in Tahrir Square, and Christians perform Sunday mass in the presence of thousands of Muslims. February 7 Demonstrators prevent the military from opening the Tahrir Mugamma, an important administrative building in the square. The army announce that the curfew is to be reduced to the new hours of 8pm – 6am. Wael Ghonim is released along with a number of other prisoners, and later appears on Mona el-Shazly's talk show '10pm'. His moving appearance evokes the sympathy and support of many Egyptians. The Public Prosecution Office begins investigating claims of Interior Ministry involvement in the Saints' Church explosion, whilst Habib al-Adly accuses senior aides of bringing about the police meltdown. Hosni Mubarak meets with the new government. In

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attendance are Vice-President Omar Suleiman, Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik, Speaker of the People's Assembly Fathi Sorour, Speaker of the Shoura Council Safwat El-Sherif, and Field Marshal Tantawi, Minister of Defence and Military Production. The Court of Cassation distributes electoral appeals against members of parliament for quick consideration. President of the Court Serry Siyam says there are 1527 appeals spread over 195 electoral districts. February 8 The second million-strong march of the 'Week of Steadfastness' takes place, and governmental institutions grind to a halt as thousands demonstrate in front of the People's Assembly and Shoura Council buildings and the Prime Minister's office. Protestors set fire to the governorate building in Port Said amid demonstrations by Suez Canal workers. Strikes and sit-ins take place in numerous institutions, including Rose al-Yousef newspaper and Egyptian television broadcasters. Omar Suleiman announces that steps are being taken towards constitutional reform and warns of the possibility of a coup. The UN Secretary General says that a peaceful

transition of power through genuine dialogue is the only way to end the crisis. February 9 Demonstrations continue around Egypt. Labour protests are on the rise. Thousands blockade the governorate building in Kafr el-Sheikh, whilst oil refinery workers go on strike demanding the resignation of Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy. The Ministry of Manpower is set alight, and uncontracted Red Cross workers in Ramses, Cairo, block a main street to protest the administration's refusal to regularise their status after twenty years of work. The strikers are joined by workers from workshops in Bulaq and Kom Abu Radi, the Cairo Drinking Water and Sanitation Company, Cairo Cleaning and Beautification Agency and the Egyptian postal service. Journalists at the Press Syndicate plan a vote of no confidence in syndicate chief Makram Mohamed Ahmed, who is close to the regime. Tensions come to a head and Ahmed is thrown out of the union's offices. At Al-Ahram newspaper, young journalists publish the first edition of the supplement 'Tahrir Youth' in defiance of the editorial board's anti-revolutionary stance. Tens die at the hands of the authorities at Qata Prison,

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Giza, in circumstances similar to those at Damanhur. February 10 Demonstrations for Mubarak's resignation continue. The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces issues its first communiqué in the absence of its president, Mubarak. CIA Director Leon Panetta speaks of a strong likelihood that Mubarak will step down within hours, and Hossam Badrawi, NDP Secretary General, says he expects the president to respond to demonstrators' demands before Friday, whilst Ahmed Shafik tells the BBC that Mubarak may soon stand aside. Mubarak delivers his third speech and astonishes audiences by refusing to resign; instead, he transfers power to his vice-president Omar Suleiman. The revolutionaries in Tahrir Square raise their shoes in the air in disgust at Mubarak's speech, and chant “Down with Mubarak” and “Get out!”. ElBaradei warns that the country is on the verge of 'exploding' and calls upon the army to intervene. In his first speech following the transfer of powers, Omar Suleiman tells citizens to take no notice of elements intent upon sabotage and chaos, urging them to return to their homes, and pledges to

implement the steps agreed upon as part of the

national dialogue. Demonstrators reject his speech and chant “We're not

It's him that has to leave” and

“Illegitimate!”. Protests reach the Palace of the Republic and the broadcasting and television building. Statements from the field hospital say that incidences of hysteria increased noticeably since the speech, henceforth known as the 'non-resignation speech'. General Saad Eddin el-Shazly, military chief of staff during the October War, passes away. El-Shazly had been marginalised throughout the Mubarak era. February 11 On the 'Friday of the Advance', millions across the country march on the Presidential Palace. In SCAF's second communiqué, Mohsen El-Fangary promises that the state of emergency will be lifted and presidential elections held. At six in the evening, Omar Suleiman announces that Mubarak has handed all powers to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. General El-Fangary thanks Mubarak and performs a military salute to the martyrs.

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There is joy and dancing in the streets until the morning. Sexual harassment returns to Tahrir Square. February 12 The country celebrates, and the Tahrir protestors begin to clean up after the long sit-in. Al-Ahram’s headline reads: 'The people have toppled the regime'. February 13 The Military Council announce that parliament is dissolved, that Ahmed Shafik's government and all regional governors remain in place, and that all international agreements will be adhered to. Members of the police demonstrate for better wages and an end to accusations of violence and torture. February 14 Field Marshal Tantawi appoints a committee headed by Judge Tarek El-Bishry to draft constitutional amendments within ten days. The make-up of the committee is clearly biased towards the Muslim Brotherhood. Representatives of the revolutionaries meet with the SCAF for the first time, demanding the dissolution of the NDP and the formation of a new government. February 15 The Muslim Brotherhood announce their intention to form a political party.

February 16 Mohamed ElBaradei cautions against haste and calls for a presidential council to be formed. February 17 Habib al-Adly, Ahmad al-Maghribi, Zuheir Garana and Ahmed Ezz are arrested. Amnesty International releases its first statement concerning the use of torture in military prisons. February 18 Millions gather in Tahrir Square to celebrate the 'Friday of Victory'. February 19 Mohamed Hassanein Heikal warns of a counter- revolution led by Mubarak from Sharm el-Sheikh. Human rights organisations reveal that the number of dead has exceeded 800, and that the authorities are making no efforts to document the killings or perform postmortems to investigate the causes of death. February 21 Three members of the Military Council appear on national television to refute Heikal's warning. February 23 Witnesses come forward to El Nadim Centre for the

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mobilisation of the masses, most significantly Mosireen and the Union of Progressive Revolutionary Youth. February 26 The Military Council publishes a document containing eleven constitutional amendments to be put to a referendum. The amendments lay out the conditions of candidacy for presidential elections, and give the next parliament the right to appoint the committee charged with drafting a new constitution. The Supreme Administrative Court upholds an administrative ruling issued in October 2010 ordering the Interior Ministry's special university police units to leave campuses. The Ministry of Education decides to replace them with privately-hired civilian guards. February 27 Amr Moussa announces his intention to stand for the presidency. February 28 The Attorney General freezes the Mubarak family’s bank accounts and properties, and places them under a travel ban. Estimates in the press place the family's wealth at 70 billion dollars.

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March 2011

March 2 The date of the referendum on constitutional amendments is set for March 19th. March 3 Ahmed Shafik resigns as prime minister and is replaced by Essam Sharaf. March 4 On the 'Friday of Insistence', Essam Sharaf is sworn in before the masses in Tahrir Square. The discovery of a relationship between a Christian man and a Muslim woman ignite sectarian tensions in Atfeeh, Helwan governorate, where angry Muslim youths set fire to Two Martyrs' Church. Revolutionaries in Alexandria break into a State Security building under a hail of live bullets to find security officers destroying documents. March 5 Demonstrators break into the main State Security headquarters in Nasr City, Cairo. The Interior Minister's private rooms are found to contain female clothes, torture rooms, and documents establishing the Ministry's involvement in numerous crimes against the

Egyptian people and violations of human rights. March 6 The military and thugs use force to disperse a demonstration in front of the Interior Ministry's State Security building in Lazoghly, Cairo. March 8 Thugs, Islamists and other men attack an International Women's Day demonstration in Tahrir Square.

A Coptic demonstration in front of the Maspero

television building demands a single unified law governing the construction of places of worship.

March 9 For the second time, the army uses force to disperse a sit-in in Tahrir Square, and continues to try arrested demonstrators before military courts, issuing verdicts

on 143 defendants. Female prisoners are subjected to

“virginity tests”. The government issues a statement warning of a counter-revolution and asks the populace to co- operate with the police, who are to return to the streets soon. 7 Christians and 6 Muslims die in clashes in Atfeeh.

March 10

Abboud

and

Tarek

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for

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assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981, are released. March 18 The Muslim Brotherhood register the Freedom and Justice Party. March 19 The referendum on constitutional amendments is held. The 'yes' campaign wins, with 77.27% of the vote. Lawyer and activist Ragia Omran is kidnapped from a polling station and held at the Cairo Security Directorate until early the following morning.

March 22 Sections of the Interior Ministry building are set alight during a police sit-in in front of the building, and the protesting police officers clash with military police. March 23 The Sharaf government passes a law criminalising protests. Persons inciting protests may be fined between 500 000 and a million US dollars. Military police attack a student sit-in at Cairo University's media faculty, and angry protests erupt at Cairo University and a number of other universities. March 24

Prominent

Dr.

opponent

of

the

former

regime

Mohamed Abou El-Ghar announces the establishment of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, which aims to bring together principles of market economics and social justice. Co-founders include well-known opposition figures such as Dr. Mohamed Ghonim, Dr. Hazem Beblawi and film director Daoud Abdel Sayed, as well as new face Amr Hamzawi, who will leave not long after to found the Egypt Freedom Party. March 28 The Military Council passes a law permitting the formation of political parties without the express permission of the state. Foreign Minister Nabil Elaraby denies any hostility between Egypt and Iran and promises a change in policy towards Gaza. Public pressure for Mubarak to be held to account forces the Military Council to place the former president and his family under house arrest in Sharm el-Sheikh. March 30 The Military Council publish a constitutional declaration setting out the provisions voted on in the referendum in addition to 35 further articles on which public opinion was not consulted.

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A military source announces that Zakaria Azmi, Mubarak's chief of presidential staff, who visited his office on a daily basis, has resigned. March 31 The Ministry of Justice's anti-corruption department adds Zakaria Azmi, former Speaker of the People's Assembly Fathi Sorour and former Speaker of the Shoura Council Safwat El-Sherif, along with their families, to the list of those banned from leaving the country. Prime Minister Essam Sharaf fires several editors of national newspapers.

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»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

No to Torture

Human Dignity State Security HQ Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

Yes to

ƒØjQ ∂dÉeõdG ,óªfi Qƒ°üæŸG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Rivo (Egyptian brand of Aspirin) Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Rivo (Egyptian brand of Aspirin) Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

Éfô°üàfG

ΩɶædG §≤°SG Ö©°ûdG

∂dÉeõdG ,óªfi Qƒ°üæŸG ´QÉ°T

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

The People Overthrew the Regime. We Won Tahrir Youth Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

™°†NG

≈Ø£°üe ôªY ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Submit. No! Omar Mustafa Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

ôªY ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ ’ Submit. No! Omar Mustafa Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

ô°üe Éj É«æY GƒL Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Egypt Lives in My Eyes Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

IóMGh ójG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

One Hand Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ójG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ One Hand Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ó«©°S ódÉN Éæ∏c

HK

¿ÉëjQ ï«°ûdG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

We Are All Khaled Said HK Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

AGó¡°û∏d óÛG ¿ÉëjQ ï«°ûdG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Glory to the Martyrs Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ï«°ûdG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Glory to the Martyrs Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ájGóÑdG §≤a »g

Freedom Painters

ô°üf áæjóe ,OÉ≤©dG ¢SÉÑY ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

It’s Just the Beginning Freedom Painters Abbas el Akkad St., Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

∂dÉH »∏N

Freedom Painters

ô°üf áæjóe ,OÉ≤©dG ¢SÉÑY ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Take Care Freedom Painters Abbas el Akkad St., Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Take Care Freedom Painters Abbas el Akkad St., Nasr City photo: Maya
…ô°üe âfG ¥ƒa ∂°SGQ ™aQG ¿ÉëjQ ï«°ûdG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Hold Your Head Up,

…ô°üe âfG ¥ƒa ∂°SGQ ™aQG ¿ÉëjQ ï«°ûdG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Hold Your Head Up, You’re Egyptian Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ôîàaGh …ô°üe Freedom Painters ô°üf áæjóe ,…ôîa óªMG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Egyptian and

ôîàaGh …ô°üe

Freedom Painters

ô°üf áæjóe ,…ôîa óªMG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Egyptian and Proud Freedom Painters Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

:ó©H Ée

ájôM

Freedom Painters

…OÓH Éj ∂ÑëH

Freedom Painters

ô°üf áæjóe ,…ôîa óªMG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Overleaf:

Freedom

Freedom Painters

I Love You, My Country Freedom Painters

Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City photos: Maya Gowaily

IôM ¢û«©J QGôMG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Free People Live in Freedom Mohamed

IôM ¢û«©J QGôMG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Free People Live in Freedom Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

:ó©H Ée ájôM Éjô°üe ¿ƒcG ¿G äOOƒd Éjô°üe øcG ⁄ ƒd

Freedom Painters

ô°üf áæjóe ,…ôîa óªMG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Overleaf:

Freedom Freedom Painters Hassan el Maamoun St., Nasr City

If I Weren’t Egyptian, I’d Want to Be Freedom Painters Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City

photos: Maya Gowaily

¬jõf ¿ƒjõØ∏Jh áYGPG øjRhÉY ∂fÉ°T ô°üf áæjóe ,…ôîa óªMG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Free Media Egypt’s TV Is Criminal Shank Ahmed Fakhry St., Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

I RƒŸG s

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∂∏cÉJ É¡«∏N

El Mozza:

Let Her Eat You

4SprayCans

Om Kalsoum Square, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

ôjƒ°üJ ∂∏cÉJ É¡«∏N El Mozza: Let Her Eat You 4SprayCans Om Kalsoum Square, Zamalek photo: Maya

ÒÑ©àdG ájôM

Freedom Painters

ô°üf áæjóe ,¿ƒeÉCŸG ø°ùM ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Freedom of Speech Freedom Painters Hassan el Maamoun St., Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

Aɪ°ùdG ‘ AGôN õfÉc …GÈ°S 4 ∂dÉeõdG ,Ωƒã∏c ΩG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Shit in the Sky

4spraycans

Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

ΩG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Shit in the Sky 4spraycans Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek photo: Maya

¢ùcG ΰùe Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Mr X Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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Coke:

Always a Customer

4SprayCans

Om Kalsoum Square, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Coke: Always a Customer 4SprayCans Om Kalsoum Square, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

∞jô°ûdG äƒØ°U …ôµH ºgOG »bódG ,IQƒãdG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Safwat el Sherif Adham Bakry El Thawra St., Dokki photo: Maya Gowaily

ΩɶædG ÖjÉÑM •É≤°SG ójôj Ö©°ûdG ôjõæL ∂dÉeõdG ,GóØdG ƒHG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

The People Want to Overthrow the Regime’s Darlings Ganzeer Aboul Feda St., Zamalek photo: Menna Ibrahim

ôjƒ°üJ The People Want to Overthrow the Regime’s Darlings Ganzeer Aboul Feda St., Zamalek photo: Menna
áæ°S 18 âaGCQ ΩÓ°SG ó«¡°ûdG ôjõæL ¥ƒ∏dG ÜÉH »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ The Martyr Islam Raafat

áæ°S 18

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The Martyr Islam Raafat 18 Years Old Ganzeer Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

áæ°S 16 ≈Ø£°üe ¬∏dG ∞«°S ó«¡°ûdG ôjõæL ó∏ÑdG §°Sh ,ƒ«dƒj 26 ´QÉ°T »Hƒfô°ûdG

áæ°S 16

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The Martyr Seifallah Mustafa 16 Years Old, Student Ganzeer 26th July St., Downtown photo: Osman el Sharnouby

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Glory to the Martyr Mohamed Gamal Eddin Ahmed Heshmat St., Zamalek photo: Osman el Sharnouby

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Glory to Freedom Mustafa el Sawy Ahmed Heshmat St., Zamalek photo: Osman el Sharnouby

¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ Glory to Freedom Mustafa el Sawy Ahmed Heshmat St., Zamalek photo: Osman el Sharnouby

áfƒæH Ëôc IQƒã∏d óÛG ∂dÉeõdG ,⪰ûM óªMG ´QÉ°T »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

Glory to the Revolution Karim Banouna Ahmed Heshmat St., Zamalek photo: Osman el Sharnouby

IƒNG ∂dÉeõdG ,ájÓÑ÷G ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Brotherhood Gabalaya St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

∂dÉeõdG ,ájÓÑ÷G ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Brotherhood Gabalaya St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 100
’hG ô°üe AGó¡°ûdG πLG øe Gòg Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ This Is For

’hG ô°üe

AGó¡°ûdG πLG øe Gòg Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

This Is For the Martyrs Egypt First Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

April 2011

April 1

A million-strong march on 'Save the revolution Friday'

demands that members of the former regime be tried. April 3 Naguib Sawiris announces the establishment of the liberal Free Egyptians party. April 5 Former housing minister Mohamed Ibrahim Suleiman, known for his involvement in major corruption cases relating to the sale of state-owned land, is arrested. April 8

On the 'Friday of Purification', the Military Council are accused of dragging their heels in pursuing members

of the Mubarak regime. A number of army officers join

the sit-in in Tahrir Square.

A demonstration takes place outside the Israeli Embassy.

April 9 The military use Special Forces, Military Police and Central Security forces, armed with live ammunition and armoured cars, to break up a sit-in in Tahrir Square. The officers who have joined the demonstrators are arrested.

April 10 In a recorded message broadcast on Al Arabiya television, Mubarak denies all charges of corruption and promises to pursue legal action against anyone defaming him or his family. April 11 Ahmed Nazif, prime minister under Mubarak, Safwat El- Sherif and Zakaria Azmi are arrested on corruption charges. April 12 Mubarak is questioned in Sharm el-Sheikh hospital. April 13 The Attorney General orders that Mubarak and his two sons be detained for 15 days pending investigation into charges of murdering protestors. Mubarak suffers a heart attack, and Alaa and Gamal are transferred to Tora prison by helicopter. April 15 Demonstrators march from the north Cairo suburb of Shubra to demand equal rights for Copts. April 16 The Supreme Administrative Court issues a verdict dissolving the NDP.

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2011 πjôHGC

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April 19 The inquiry into the deaths of demonstrators, established by former Prime Minister Ahmed Shafik, reveals that 846 people have died and at least 6400 have been injured to date. The committee finds Habib al-Adly, who authorised the use of live ammunition against demonstrators in 16 governorates, responsible for the deaths. April 21 The decision is made to remove Mubarak's name, and that of his wife, from all public facilities and institutions. April 23 Petroleum Minister Sameh Fahmy appears before court in a case regarding gas exports. April 26 The Attorney General announces a deterioration in Mubarak’s health means he cannot be moved from Sharm el-Sheikh hospital to Tora prison. The charges against the former president include murdering anti- regime protestors and assisting his friend Hussein Salem in securing a gas deal with Israel in return for a kickback. The gas pipeline between Sinai, Jordan and Israel is blown up for the second time. The perpetrators are unknown.

April 28 The Socialist Popular Alliance party, which boasts a number of the Egyptian left's most famous faces, holds its founding conference. April 29 The day is designated the 'Friday of Solidarity' with the revolutions in Libya, Syria and Yemen.

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Don’t Be Afraid. It’s Only Street Art

4SprayCans

Street No. 9, Maadi photo: Maya Gowaily

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Explode

4SprayCans

Al-Marghani, Heliopolis

Spray Cans

4SprayCans

Korba, Heliopolis photos: Maya Gowaily

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ôjƒ°üJ Explode 4SprayCans Al-Marghani, Heliopolis Spray Cans 4SprayCans Korba, Heliopolis photos: Maya Gowaily 108
ôjƒ°üJ Explode 4SprayCans Al-Marghani, Heliopolis Spray Cans 4SprayCans Korba, Heliopolis photos: Maya Gowaily 108

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Peace Al-Marghani Bridge, Heliopolis photo: Maya Gowaily

Killing Sad Panda Sad Panda and Anonymous Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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The Brain Is Window Dressing Korba, Heliopolis photo: Maya Gowaily

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Ant and HK

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WT Field Marshal Ant and HK Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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Free the April 8 Officers El Moshir Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

¿Gó«e Ò°ûŸG »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Free the April 8 Officers El Moshir Tahrir Square photo: Maya
AGó¡°ûdG ¿Gó«e Qƒ°TÉY ô«ª°S ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Martyrs’ Square Samir Ashour

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Martyrs’ Square Samir Ashour Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

»HÉéjGE ∂«∏N ∂dÉeõdG ,óªfi π«Yɪ°SG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Stay Positive Ismail Mohamed

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Stay Positive Ismail Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

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»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

January 25 Equality Freedom Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

ôM ÉfG ∂dÉeõdG óªfi Qƒ°üæŸG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

I’m Free Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

óªfi Qƒ°üæŸG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ I’m Free Mansour Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 118

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Bored of The Red Line Abdel Aziz Shennawy St., Heliopolis photo: Maya Gowaily

ô°üf áæjóe »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Untitled Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

Heliopolis photo: Maya Gowaily ô°üf áæjóe »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Untitled Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily 120
ájôM ô°üf áæjóe »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Freedom Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily 122

ájôM ô°üf áæjóe »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Freedom Nasr City photo: Maya Gowaily

May 2011

May 5 Habib al-Adly is convicted of unlawful private financial gain and money laundering and sentenced to twelve years. The Justice Party is established. Amongst its number are well-known figures such as Mostafa el-Naggar, who subsequently becomes a member of parliament. May 7 Sectarian clashes take place in Imbaba where a group of Salafis have gathered to demand the release of Abeer Fakhry, a Christian woman held prisoner in a church since converting to Islam. Twelve are killed and 240 injured. Fakhry turns herself in to the military police and faces charges of polygamy, having married a Muslim man before divorcing her Christian husband. May 8 The Administrative Court annuls the government’s 2006 sale of the Omar Effendi department store chain to the Saudi-based Anwal Group. May 10 The committee charged with recovering Egyptian funds illegally transferred abroad, established by the

Military Council, investigates measures to track down bank accounts held by Mubarak and 18 other officials of the former regime. Muslim Brotherhood leader Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh announces his presidential candidacy and leaves the organisation, who have previously stated that they will not put forth a candidate. Foreign Minister Nabil Elaraby is chosen as Secretary General of the Arab League. Presidential candidate and political activist Bothaina Kamel is summoned to a military tribunal where she is questioned over her criticism of the Military Council. May 15 The Military Police and security forces disperse a Nakba Day demonstration outside the Israeli embassy using tear gas and birdshot; 180 protestors are arrested and tortured. Groups of men in civilian clothing presumed to be hired thugs attack Christian demonstrators at the television building in Maspero, injuring 65. Pope Shenouda asks the protestors to call off their sit-in, but it continues. May 16 Field Marshal Tantawi delivers his first post-revolution

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speech in the Police Academy and asks the Egyptian people to look to the future and forget the past. May 23 Online activists dedicate the day, with the hash tag #NoSCAF, to blogging about the army's crimes, breaking the barrier of fear which has so far inhibited criticism of the military. May 24 Mubarak and his two sons are brought to court to stand trial for the murder of demonstrators. May 26 Activists Ganzeer, Aida Elkashef and NadimX are arrested for posting Ganzeer's 'Mask of Freedom' sticker in Downtown Cairo. May 27 The 'Second Friday of Rage' sees the biggest numbers of demonstrators on the streets since the first Friday of Rage in January. The Muslim Brotherhood do not participate, describing it as a 'revolution against the clear majority of people' and 'incitement between the people and the army'. May 28 The border crossing with Gaza at Rafah, closed since

2007, is reopened. Mubarak is fined 20 million dollars for shutting down communication networks on January 28th. May 31 A military source confirms to CNN reports that 17 women were subjected to ‘virginity tests’ after their arrest during the 9th March sit-in.

Overleaf:

Tank vs Bread Ganzeer, Sad Panda et al. Gabalaya, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

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≈°ù«Y hôªYh …ÒëÑdG hôªY ʃ«°ùH Oƒªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Amr el Beheiri and Amr Eissa Mahmoud Bassiouni St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ÚæàdG ¿ƒ«∏Ѫ°T ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Untitled Teneen Champollion St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

¿ƒ«∏Ѫ°T ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Untitled Teneen Champollion St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily 130

∂jOG ∂dÉeõdG ,Ωƒã∏c ΩG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

I’ll Give You Om Kalsoum Square, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

áHƒ≤©dG òØf

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The King

Punishment Sad Panda Gabalaya, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

Carry Out the

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ The King Punishment Sad Panda Gabalaya, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily Carry Out the

ójôj Ö©°ûdG ∂dÉeõdG ,óªfi π«Yɪ°SG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

The People Demand Ismail Mohamed St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

IôM â°ùd ¥ƒ∏dG ÜÉH »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

I’m Not Free Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

IôM â°ùd ¥ƒ∏dG ÜÉH »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ I’m Not Free Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Maya

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Free Amr el Beheiri I’m in Military Prison Because I Took Part in the Revolution Omar Mustafa and Sad Panda Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Osman el Sharnouby

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New: The Mask of Freedom A Token from SCAF to the Children of the Beloved Homeland Now Available for an Unlimited Time Ganzeer

Mask of Freedom A Token from SCAF to the Children of the Beloved Homeland Now Available

…hÉ£æW ¢SÉÑd ¥ƒ∏dG ÜÉH »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

Tantawi’s Underwear Adham Bakry Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Osman el Sharnouby

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Salafi Tantawi Teneen Talaat Harb Sq., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

â©∏W ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Salafi Tantawi Teneen Talaat Harb Sq., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily 138
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HK

Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Our Demands: Security. Minimum Wage. Social Justice. Freedom. Mubarak on Trial. Purging the Media. The Right to Demonstrate. HK Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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HK

Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

You’re No Better Than Those Who Died HK Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

∂dÉeõdG ,»∏°ûYôŸG óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

No More Mohamed Maraashli St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ No More Mohamed Maraashli St., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 142

ƒjÉe 27 Ü R ì Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

27 (May)

hzb Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ƒjÉe 27 »ë«°ùe º∏°ùe …ô°üe øWGƒe »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

27 May

Egyptian, Citizen, Moslem Christian photo: Maya Gowaily

…ô°üe øWGƒe »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ 27 May Egyptian, Citizen, Moslem Christian photo: Maya Gowaily 144
5/27 ∂àjô°üe QÉ°ùe OóM ¿ƒ«∏Ѫ°T ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Choose the Future of Your Egyptian

5/27 ∂àjô°üe QÉ°ùe OóM ¿ƒ«∏Ѫ°T ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Choose the Future of Your Egyptian identity May 27 Champollion St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ƒjÉe 27 ÚæàdG π«ædG ô°üb ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

27 May Teneen Qasr al Nil St., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

:√ó©H Ée áWô°ûdG ∂«f á«é£∏H á«∏NGódG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Overleaf:

Fuck Police The Interior Ministry Are Thugs Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

ôjƒ°üJ Overleaf: Fuck Police The Interior Ministry Are Thugs Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

June 2011

June 1 The appointment of a Coptic governor in Qena triggers

protests which continue until the government is forced

to suspend the governor.

June 5 The commander of Ezbekiya police station attacks a

minibus driver and allows his staff to torture the man

to death. Locals attack the police station with rocks

and molotov cocktails, and the ensuing confrontations leave six soldiers and 24 locals injured.

June 6

A peaceful demonstration in front of the Interior

Ministry commemorates the death of martyr Khaled Said. The Freedom and Justice Party receive their licence; the Salafi Al-Nour Party , receive theirs a week later. June 7 The law prohibiting demonstrations is enforced for the first time when the Military Police arrest five Petrojet workers participating in a sit-in outside the company offices to protest their unfair dismissal. The five are transferred to a military court.

June 8 Central Security forces violently disperse a sit-in of peasants outside the cabinet building, arresting 25. June 9 The Public Prosecution Office accuses State Security officers of firing on the army and demonstrators whilst shredding and burning important evidence of their implication in various crimes. June 14 Three new parties receive their licences: the Free Egyptians, the Egyptian Social Democrats, and the Justice Party. June 15 Military and regular police disperse sit-ins by workers at railway workshops in Zagazig. The curfew, in place since the 28th of January, is lifted. June 19 Journalist Rasha Azab is ordered to appear before the military prosecutor after publishing details of a meeting between the group 'No to Military Trials' and General Hassan Ruweini in the newspaper El Fagr. June 21 An agreement is reached between the Justice and

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Freedom Party and the secular parties on the basis for a new constitution, and al-Azhar publishes a document on religious tolerance and the democratic state.

June 22 A number of young activists who have left the Muslim Brotherhood, led by Revolutionary Youth Coalition steering committee members Mohamed al-Kassas, Mohammed Abbas and Islam Lotfy, join other young activists such as Asmaa Mahfouz to announce the establishment of the Egyptian Current Party. June 28 The 'Balloon affair' begins when a ceremony at the Balloon Theatre to honour the martyrs of the revolution is disrupted by an angry crowd of the martyrs' families, who have not been invited. Security forces beat the families, and a bloody night ensues, with violent clashes which last until dawn the next day erupting in Tahrir Square, Bab el-Louk and Mansour street between Central Security and revolutionaries who have joined the martyrs' families in anger at the violence.

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Will you see my blood as water? Will you forget the bloodstains on my clothes? Ministry of the Interior photo: Anonymous

you see my blood as water? Will you forget the bloodstains on my clothes? Ministry of

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»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Mickey Mouse and Walt Disney Keizer Mahmoud Bassiouni St., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

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It’s Black or White Charles Akl and Amr Gamal Gezirah Street., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ It’s Black or White Charles Akl and Amr Gamal Gezirah Street., Zamalek photo: Maya
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“The truth isn’t harsh, but breaking free of ignorance is as painful as giving birth. Run after the truth until you’re out of breath. Accept the pain so you can create yourself anew. These words take a lifetime to understand, a lifetime of effort punctuated with a few moments of danger.” Charles Akl and Amr Gamal Gezirah Street., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

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July 2011

July 1 On the 'Friday of Self-Determination', demonstrators express their anger at the Military Council's slow progress in meeting the demands of the revolution. The Muslim Brotherhood accept an invitation to dialogue with the USA. July 2 Clashes break out in Suez after officials accused of the murder of protesters walk free. July 8 The July sit-in begins. After protracted debates over whether elections or the new constitution should come first, this Friday's protests bear the slogan 'the Revolution Comes First', with demands that the Military Council act more quickly in implementing the revolution's demands. The Muslim Brotherhood had announced they were not going to take part in the day's events, but in the early morning arrive in the square and set about erecting a large stage by force, to the indignation of demonstrators, who raise their shoes aloft in the first visible signs of friction between revolutionaries and the Brotherhood.

July 9 The Ministry of Information, scrapped after Mubarak's removal, is re-established by the Military Council, and Osama Haikal, longtime military correspondent and former editor of newspaper al-Wafd, is installed as Minister of Information. Sharaf announces that he has asked the Interior Minister to suspend officers accused of involvement in the murder of protestors. July 10 There are violent confrontations between demonstrators and the military in Suez. Demonstrators in Tahrir Square close the entrance to the Mugamma building. July 11 Sharaf reassures Egyptians of his commitment to replacing the government in accordance with revolutionaries' demands, reform of the media, and the removal and swift trial of all officers accused of the killing of demonstrators. July 12 SCAF communiqué 67 is delivered by General El- Fangary, who threatens those participating in demonstrations and sit-ins and reaffirms the Council's

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commitment to March's provisional constitution, continued support for Sharaf's government and the preparation of a document outlining the principles governing the appointment of a committee which will draft the new constitution. July 15 The day is dubbed the 'Friday of the Final Warning' to Essam Sharaf to stop his attempts at political patching- up and remove all NDP members from his government. The Muslim Brotherhood and the Salafis refuse to participate. Sharaf announces he is willing to resign, but the Military Council restate their confidence in him and his government. July 17 The Finance and Industry Ministers resign along with ten other ministers, and Hazem Beblawi is appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister. In the latter role, he promises to set a legal minimum wage in response to one of the most important demands of the revolution. July 22

A march from Tahrir Square to the SCAF headquarters

is obstructed in Abbasiya Square and scuffles break out between demonstrators and thugs.

July 23 On the anniversary of the 1952 military coup, another march heads from Tahrir Square to the SCAF headquarters and is again stopped in Abbasiya Square by the military police. A bloody battle ensues, beginning with rocks and ending with tear gas. Abbasiya Square becomes a rallying-point for the Military Council's supporters, echoing their opponents' demonstrations in Tahrir Square. The Military Council accuses Kifaya and the 6th April movement of causing conflict between the army and the people. July 26 ElBaradei calls for the formation of a broad coalition, including the Muslim Brotherhood, to contest the coming elections. July 29 On 'Sharia Friday', thousands of Salafis and Muslim Brotherhood members gather in Tahrir Square under the slogan 'The people want God's law'. The event is dubbed 'Kandahar Friday' by commentators. The Military Council begins to retreat from the idea of supra-constitutional principles document that would safeguard the civil nature of the state.

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Salafi Bullets: Haram! Infidel! Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq, Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ ôaÉc Salafi Bullets: Haram! Infidel! Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq, Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

1

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ó∏ÑdG §°Sh ,¢VÉjQ º©æŸG óÑY ¿Gó«e

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Military Police 1 Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

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ó∏ÑdG §°Sh ,¢VÉjQ º©æŸG óÑY ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Military Police 2 Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

óÑY ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Military Police 2 Abdel Moneim Riyad Sq., Downtown photos: Maya Gowaily

á«dɪ°SGCôdÉH ™àªà°SG QõjÉc IRƒé©dG ,»Ø«ØY óªMG ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Enjoy Capitalism Keizer Ahmed Afifi St., Agouza photo: Maya Gowaily

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Pulp Fiction Charles Akl and Amr Gamal Tahrir St., Downtown photo: S Boraïe

´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Pulp Fiction Charles Akl and Amr Gamal Tahrir St., Downtown photo: S

»FÉ°Vƒ°†dG çƒ∏àdG ∂dÉeõdG ,Ωƒã∏c ΩG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Noise Pollution Om Kalsoum Sq., Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

OhQÉHh RÉZ É¡àëjQ â≤H ájô◊G ¥ƒ∏dG ÜÉH »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Freedom Smells of Gas and Gunpowder Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ÜÉH »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Freedom Smells of Gas and Gunpowder Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Maya
äÓ°†©dG âfGh ïŸG ÉfG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ I’m the Brains and You’re

äÓ°†©dG âfGh ïŸG ÉfG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

I’m the Brains and You’re the Brawn Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

á«∏NGódG Ò¡£J ƒ«dƒj 8 Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Purge the Interior Ministry 8 July Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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ádRÉf ÉfG

ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

I’ll Be in the Streets July 8 Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ I’ll Be in the Streets July 8 Tahrir Square photo: Maya

…ôµ°ù©dG ¢ù∏éª∏d ’ Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

#noSCAF Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

¢UÉ°ü≤dG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Retribution Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Retribution Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily 192

!É¡∏c ¢ùdÉÛG ΩGC Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Screw the Mother of All Councils Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

IQÉ«W Ò£J IÉàa GófÉH OÉ°S ó∏ÑdG §°Sh ,Qɪ©ŸG É°TÉH ø°ùM ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Girl Flying Airplane Kite Sad Panda Hassan Pasha Mimar St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Girl Flying Airplane Kite Sad Panda Hassan Pasha Mimar St., Downtown photo: Maya

áÑæµ∏d ’ π«ædG ô°üb ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

No Sofa Qasr al Nil St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

áehÉ≤ŸG ™bƒJ hGC OƒLƒdG ΩÎMG QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Respect Existence or Expect Resistance Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Respect Existence or Expect Resistance Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 196

¿ƒª°üà©e π«ædG ô°üb ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Sitting-in, Holding on, Occupying Qasr al Nil St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

¢ûªcÉëàe

ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

ƒ«dƒj 8

He Hasn’t Been Tried

Tahrir Square photo: Osman el Sharnouby

July 8

»Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ ƒ«dƒj 8 He Hasn’t Been Tried Tahrir Square photo: Osman el Sharnouby July

¿GC ‹ ôîØa á«é£∏H QGƒãdG ´ Gƒdƒ≤«H ƒd »é£∏H ÉfGC :∫ƒbGB »æ°ùM ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

If They call Revolutionaries Thugs, then I’m Proud to Say: I’m a Thug Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Pierre Sioufi

É¡HPÉéàJ IQƒãdG ÜÉÑ°T É¡∏ªëj ô°üe ídÉ°üŸG ,¢ù∏ÛG ,∫ƒ∏ØdG ,ÜGõM’G ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

he Revolutionary Youth Carry Egypt from the Grasp of SCAF, the Political Parties, Feloul and Vested Interests Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Pierre Sioufi

the Grasp of SCAF, the Political Parties, Feloul and Vested Interests Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo:

É¡fƒªëj QGƒK IQƒã∏d ôªM’G ôëÑdG ÜÉÑ°T ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

The Revolution has Revolutionaries to Protect It Red Sea Youth Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Osman el Sharnouby

ΩÉ°TÈdG ¢û«°û◊G :äGQóîª∏d ’ πb …ô°üŸG ¿ƒjõØ∏àdG »æ°ùM ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

Say No to Drugs: Hashish, Pills and Egyptian TV Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Pierre Sioufi

Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ Say No to Drugs: Hashish, Pills and Egyptian TV Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo:

…ôµ°ù©dG ¢ù∏ÛG »æ°ùM ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

The Military Council Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Osman el Sharnouby

Gƒµàª¡a ÉfG :∑QÉÑe

G ¢ù∏ÛG øe ¿É«H …O ᪰SôdG »æ°ùM

ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

Gƒbó°üJ GƒYhGB ≈∏Y’C

Mubarak: “I’ve Understood You.” Statement from SCAF: Don’t Believe This Picture Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Osman el Sharnouby

You.” Statement from SCAF: Don’t Believe This Picture Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Osman el Sharnouby

IQôfi á≤£æe

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»æ°ùM ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

Tahrir Square: Liberated Zone Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Osman el Sharnouby

≥H …ôéæa ?ºàfGC øe »æ°ùM ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

“Who are You?” Fangary Big Mouth Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Pierre Sioufi

‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ “Who are You?” Fangary Big Mouth Hosni Mugamma, Tahrir Sq. photo: Pierre Sioufi

áHÉHO ÖcGQ áHɨdG ∂∏e ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e áeÉ°SG »LÉe ôjƒ°üJ

The King of the Jungle is Riding a Tank Tahrir Square photo: Maggie Osama

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He insisted El Tayeb Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

Ö«£dG ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ l He insisted El Tayeb Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

!ÎcGC øjõM »æ«∏fl Ò°ûŸG GófÉH OÉ°S ¥ƒ∏dG ÜÉH »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

The Field Marshal is Making Me Sadder Sad Panda Bab el Louk, Downtown photo: Osman el Sharnoubi

QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Osman el Sharnoubi

∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Osman el Sharnoubi 210

ÓÄd ¢TƒMƒdG áHQÉfi óæY GQòM øc º¡æe GóMGh íÑ°üJ GófÉH OÉ°S Oƒªfi óª› ´QÉ°T »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

Be Cautious When Battling Beasts Lest You Become One Sad Panda Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Osman el Sharnoubi

¢ù∏› Éj ÉfQÉàH óNÉæg »∏dG ÉæMG IÒN óæg ó∏ÑdG §°Sh IÒN óæg ôjƒ°üJ

We’ll Have Our Revenge, Council Hend Kheera Downtown photo: Hend Kheera

óæg ó∏ÑdG §°Sh IÒN óæg ôjƒ°üJ We’ll Have Our Revenge, Council Hend Kheera Downtown photo: Hend

á«MÓ°U ᫵jôeG áYÉæ°U ¿ÉNO á∏Ñæb

»æ«à°ûMh

»æ°ùM ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e áeÉ°SG »LÉe ôjƒ°üJ

2003

Tear Gas Bomb Made in USA Exp. 2003 “I’ve Missed You” Hosni Tahrir Square photo: Maggie Osama

ÉCMGC áWô°T ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e πeÉc ôªY ôjƒ°üJ

A7A (Fuck that) Police Tahrir Square photo: Omar Kamel

ÉCMGC áWô°T ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e πeÉc ôªY ôjƒ°üJ A7A (Fuck that) Police Tahrir Square photo: Omar Kamel
á«°SÉÑ©dG á©bƒe á°TɪµdG ájôµ°ù©dG ¢û«÷G QGƒãdG G QGƒãdG á«é£∏ÑdG (á©bƒŸG á£jôN)

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…õcôŸG øe’C

The Battle of Abbasiya Ambush Military Army Revolutionaries Central Security Revolutionaries Thugs (Map of the Battle) Arab League, Tahrir Square photo: Omar Kamel

πjôHG 6 ¿hôªà°ùe hÒÑ°SÉe ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

Maspero Head

We Persevere

6April.org

Tahrir Square photo: Pierre Sioufi

ájôë°ùdG ¢SGCôdG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Magic Head Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Magic Head Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily 218

Ö©°û∏d Iƒ≤dG Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Power to the People Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

ájôµ°ùY áWô°T ∑QÉÑe QõjÉc Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Mubarak the Military Police Keizer Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Mubarak the Military Police Keizer Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily 220

August 2011

August 1 The military police and hired thugs use excessive force to break up a sit-in in Tahrir Square on the first day of the month of Ramadan, and military police officers are filmed attacking sit-in participants inside Omar Makram mosque. August 3 Mubarak appears at his trial in a cage, with his two sons, Interior Minister Habib al-Adly and senior Interior Ministry officials. August 5 Military police use force to disperse a Ramadan sunset breakfast in Tahrir Square. August 8 The replacement of 11 regional governors fails to satisfy demands for reform. August 12 Military police break up a gathering of Sufis in Tahrir Square. August 14 The Military Prosecutor charges activist Asmaa Mahfouz

with defamation and inciting violence against the army. August 15 Judge Ahmed Refaat, who is presiding over the court hearing the Mubarak case, bans live television coverage of the trial. August 17 Deputy prime minister Ali Al-Selmy's document of supra-constitutional principles angers religious political forces. August 18 Israeli forces pursuing Palestinian militants cross the Egyptian border and kill three Egyptian soldiers. Egypt demands an apology. August 19 Thousands demonstrate outside the Israeli embassy in Cairo demanding that the Israeli ambassador be expelled and the 1979 peace treaty annulled. Ahmad Al-Shahhat , also known as Flagman, free-climbs 23 floors and pulls down the Israeli flag.

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The Martyr’s Right Will Not

Be Forgotten

People Are Vigilant Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

The Egyptian

ôµ°ù©dG ºµM §≤°ùj ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

Down With Military Rule Mugamma, Tahrir Square photo: Pierre Sioufi

¿Gó«e ,™ªÛG ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ Down With Military Rule Mugamma, Tahrir Square photo: Pierre Sioufi 224

™dÉW ∫ɪ©dG 䃰U ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

The Workers’ Voice Is Rising Tahrir Square photo: Osman el-Sharnouby

G

ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e »Hƒfô°ûdG ¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ

´hô°ûe ÜGô°V’E

Strikes are Legitimate Tahrir Square photo: Osman el-Sharnouby

¿ÉªãY ôjƒ°üJ ´hô°ûe ÜGô°V’E Strikes are Legitimate Tahrir Square photo: Osman el-Sharnouby 226

ó«Ñ©dGh º¡FGó¡°T ¿ƒµÑj QGôM’G ºgOÓL ¿ƒµÑj Oƒªfi ≈Ø£°üe ¿Gó«e »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

The Free Mourn Their Martyrs, The Slaves Cry for Their Slave Drivers Mustafa Mahmoud Sq., Mohandiseen photo: Maya Gowaily

!!∞bƒŸG ¬LGhG QOÉb ¢ûe ÚæàdG π«ædG ô°üb ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

I Can’t Face the Situation Teneen Qasr al Nil St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ I Can’t Face the Situation Teneen Qasr al Nil St., Downtown photo:

¢û«fôصàe …ô°ùj º°SÉH ∂dÉeõdG »YôH ∞jô°T ôjƒ°üJ

Don’t Hassle Me (Don’t Make Me a Heretic) Bassem Yosri Zamalek photo: S Boraïe

ΩÓ°S

ÜôM QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

±ƒN

War, Fear, Peace Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ ±ƒN War, Fear, Peace Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 230

…ÒëÑdG hôªYh ó«©°S ódÉN

ôµ°ù©dG

Ü R ì øjóHÉY ¿Gó«e »YôH ∞jô°T ôjƒ°üJ

The Military, Khaled Said and Amr el Beheiri hzb Abdine Square photo: S Boraïe

∑QɶàfG ‘ »°üÿG

¢ùª∏dG ´ƒæ‡

IÒN óæg Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T IÒN óæg ôjƒ°üJ

No Touching Castration Awaits You Hend Kheera Mohamed Mahmoud Street photo: Hend Kheera

´QÉ°T IÒN óæg ôjƒ°üJ No Touching Castration Awaits You Hend Kheera Mohamed Mahmoud Street photo: Hend
Ò°ûŸG QõjÉc »bódG »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ The Field Marshal Keizer Dokki photo: Maya Gowaily 234

Ò°ûŸG QõjÉc »bódG »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

The Field Marshal Keizer Dokki photo: Maya Gowaily

ô°üà º∏ëH ,…ó∏H ÖëH

Qó≤J ∫hÉM

IQƒK ∞°üædG Ü R ì øjóHÉY ¿Gó«e »YôH ∞jô°T ôjƒ°üJ

Try, You Can

The Half Revolution

I Love My Country

I Dream of Egypt

hzb

Abdine Square photo: S Boraïe

Oƒ∏d ó°ùØj ’ ô©°ûdG ‘ ±ÓàN’G á«°†b ôjôëàdG ¿Gó«e ‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ

Difference in Hairstyle Is No Cause for Acrimony Tahrir Square photo: Pierre Sioufi

‘ƒ«°S Ò«H ôjƒ°üJ Difference in Hairstyle Is No Cause for Acrimony Tahrir Square photo: Pierre Sioufi

∂fÉÁGE øë°TG

¿É°†eQ

QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Ramadan Recharge Your Faith Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

á«dÉjÈe’G ΩhÉb QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Resist Imperialism Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Resist Imperialism Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 238

ʃYôØdG GQÉØ«L QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,Iôjõ÷G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Pharaoh Guevara Keizer Gezireh, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

º«YR Éj ∂«∏Y âMGQ QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

It’s Over For You, Chief (Adel Emam) Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ It’s Over For You, Chief (Adel Emam) Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

áæYGôØdG øjÉN Éj QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

You Betrayed the Pharaohs (Zahi Hawass) Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

‹óY Éj √OQÉ¡fG ∫ó©dG QõjÉc ∂dÉeõdG ,¢ùdóf’G »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ

Justice Today Adly (Habib al-Adly) Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Justice Today Adly (Habib al-Adly) Keizer Andalus, Zamalek photo: Maya Gowaily 242

September 2011

September 3 The army build a 3-metre-high separation barrier around the Israeli embassy in Giza. September 7

The Military Council suspend the broadcasting licences

of new privately-owned satellite channels and threaten

the presenters, whom they accuse of inciting violence.

September 9

A large demonstration marches from Tahrir Square to

the High Court building in protest against the ongoing trials of civilians in military courts, and a million-strong demonstration reclaims Tahrir Square from the police, who have occupied it throughout Ramadan and the Eid holidays. The demonstrators demand a speedy return to civilian rule and fulfilment of the revolution's demands. Particularly prominent in the demonstration are groups of Ultras, after recent clashes between the Ahly Ultras with Central Security forces see a number

of Ultras members arrested.

The Israeli embassy is besieged by demonstrators angry

at the death of two Egyptian border soldiers at Israeli

hands and the insulting response of the government

and the Military Council. The protestors destroy the wall built by the military and storm the building, ultimately causing the ambassador to leave Egypt. Violent confrontations between demonstrators, the army and security forces in front of Giza Security Directorate leave one dead and tens injured, and demonstrators embark upon a sit-in in front of the Israeli embassy. September 10 The Military Council announces that the Emergency Law will be renewed and its scope broadened to cover the new crime of spreading rumours. September 24 Field Marshal Tantawi gives evidence at Mubarak's trial, which is leaked despite the attempts at secrecy, testifying that he received no orders from Mubarak to kill protestors. September 27 The Military Council announces that parliamentary elections will begin on the 28th November. September 29 Security forces storm the offices of Al Jazeera Live Egypt for the second time, confiscating equipment.

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September 30 A demonstration against the Emergency Law takes place in Tahrir Square, and six presidential candidates - not including ElBaradei – release a statement declaring that the Emergency Law expires today, as was stipulated in the Constitutional Declaration, and setting March 2012 as a deadline for the military to return to barracks.

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No Military Trials for Civilians Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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The People/Freedom Talaat Harb St., Downtown photo: Omar Kamel

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Go to the Streets Adham Bakry Tahrir Square photo: Omar Kamel

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Execute al-Adly Butcher of the Interior Ministry Ammar Abu Bakr Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

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Who Is Protecting the Tyrant? No Military Rule Ammar Abu Bakr Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

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No Military Rule (Inverted Eagle) Ammar Abu Bakr Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

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Revolution Until Victory Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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SCAF: Eat This Taz Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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Where Are My Things Feda’i Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

»∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ 9/9 Where Are My Things Feda’i Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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Free the Embassy Prisoners El Moshir & Hussam Shukrallah Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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Anarchist Taz Sheikh Rihan St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

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Atef Yehia Martyr of the Zionist Embassy Tahrir Square photo: Maya Gowaily

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Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily

Maya Gowaily Oƒªfi óªfi ´QÉ°T »∏jƒL ÉjÉe ôjƒ°üJ Mohamed Mahmoud St., Downtown photo: Maya Gowaily 262

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Just a Sec While I Pop to the Sit-in and Be Right Back Hend Kheera Youssef el Gindi St., Downtown photo: Maggie Osama

Just a Sec While I Pop to the Sit-in and Be Right Back Hend Kheera Youssef

October 2011

October 1 General Sami Anan meets with political parties and presents the military's timetable for a handover of power by March 2013. October 2 Field Marshal Tantawi defends his testimony given at the Mubarak trial and says that the army were not ordered to fire on demonstrators. October 3 Copts demonstrate in front of the Maspero television building after attacks on a church in the village of Marinab, Aswan. The military police break up the protest by force. October 5 Opinion columns in some newspapers remain blank in protest against the military censor. October 9 A peaceful march of Copts from Shubra to Maspero is attacked by the military, who run protestors over with armoured cars and use live ammunition against them. 27 Copts are martyred and hundreds injured. The state

media incite their audiences against the Coptic protestors and call upon honourable citizens to support the army in Maspero. The SCAF deny running protestors over or using live bullets, blaming the violence on a 'third party', and promise an investigation. October 10 A mass funeral for the Maspero martyrs takes place at St. Mark's Cathedral in Abbasiya, with the name of martyr Mina Daniel becoming particularly symbolic of the massacre. The mass ends with a march to Tahrir Square. October 11 Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Hazem Beblawi resigns in protest at the Maspero massacre. October 12 Registration of candidates for the parliamentary elections begins. The Military Council denies the killing of protestors, instead accusing Copts and 'enemies of the revolution'. October 18 Egyptian secret police broker a prisoner exchange agreement between Hamas and Israel.

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October 21 The well-known talk show host Yosri Fouda suspends his programme in protest at the Military Council's attempts to stifle freedom of expression. October 25 The Supreme Administrative Court grants Egyptian expatriates the right to vote. October 30 The Military Prosecutor detains activist Alaa Abd El Fattah for 15 days pending investigation into charges of theft of weapons and incitement against the SCAF during the Maspero events. As a civilian, Abd El Fattah refuses to be interrogated by the Military Prosecutor, and the following day thousands show their support for him in the first of many marches from Tahrir Square to the IIsti'naf Prison in Bab al-Khalq, where he is held.

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