You are on page 1of 23

PAGE 1

Documents are organized by source according to the following classification:


a. b. c. d.

Scholarly publications (books, journal articles, etc., by author) Government documents (selected) (by country and date) Documents of Intergovernmental Organisations (by IGO and date) Documents of Non-government Organisations (by NGO and date)

This bibliography is maintained by the Targeting Terrorist Finances Project at the Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University. Please send additions and suggestions to Peter_Romaniuk@brown.edu. Last updated: September, 2004

PAGE 2

a. Scholarly publications (books, journal articles, etc., by author)


Abuza, Z. (2003) Funding Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Financial Network of Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiya. NBR Analysis, Vol. 14, No. 5. Adams, J. (1986) The Financing of Terror: How the groups that are terrorizing the world get the money to do it. New York: Simon and Schuster. Allen, W. (2003) The War Against Terrorism Financing. Journal of Money Laundering Control. Summer 2003, 6(4): 306-310. Aufhauser, D. (2003) Terrorist Financing: Foxes Run to Ground. Journal of Money Laundering Control. Summer 2003, 6(4): 301-205. Baldwin, F. (2002) Money Laundering Countermeasures with Primary Focus Upon Terrorism and the USA PATRIOT Act 2001. Journal of Money Laundering Control, Autumn, 6(2), 105-136. Bantekas, I. (2003) The International Law of Terrorist Financing. American Journal of International Law, 97: 315-33. Basile, M. (2004) Going to the Source: Why Al Qaedas Financial Network is Likely to Withstand the Current War on Terrorist Financing. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 27(3):169-88. Biersteker, T.J. (2004) "Cutting Off Resources for Terrorism and Crime: Counter Terrorism Activities under UN Security Council Auspices." In Business and Security After 11 September 2001: Protecting the Legitimate and Blocking the Illegitimate. Alyson Bailes (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press. Biersteker, T.J. with P. Romaniuk (2004) "The Return of the State? Financial Reregulation in the Pursuit of National Security After September 11." In Maze of Fear. Security and Migration After 9/11, John Tirman (ed.), New York: The New Press, 2004. Biersteker, T.J. (2002) Targeting Terrorist Finances: The New Challenges of Financial Market Globalization. In Worlds in Collision: Terror and the Future of Global Order, edited by K. Booth and T. Dunne, pp. 74-84. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

PAGE 3

Brisard, J-C. (2002) Terrorism Financing: Roots and Trends of Saudi Terrorism Financing, Report Prepared for the President of the United Nations Security Council, December. Burke, J. (2003) Al-Qaeda: Casting a Shadow of Terror. I.B. Tauris: London. Cassella, Stefan D. (2004) Terrorism and the Financial Sector: Are the Right Prosecutorial Tolls Being Used? Journal of Money Laundering Control, 7(3): 281285. Carbonara, P. (2001) Financing Terror. Money, 30(12); 120-6. El Rahman, F. and El Sheikh, A. (2002) The Underground Banking Systems and Their Impact on the Control of Money Laundering With Special Reference to Islamic Banking. Journal of Money Laundering Control, 6(1): 42-45. El-Qorchi, M. (2002) Hawala. Finance and Development, Vol. 39, No. 4, December 2002. Ehrenfeld, R. (2003) Funding Evil: How Terrorism Is Financed and How to Stop It. Bonus Books: Chicago.

PAGE 4

Farah, D. (2004) Blood From Stones : The Secret Financial Network of Terror. Broadway: New York. Fitzgerald, P.L. (2001/02) Tightening the Screws: The Economic War Against Terrorism. National Interest, 66 (Winter): 76-82. Gillespie, J. (2002), Follow the Money: Tracing Terrorist Assets. Paper prepared for a Seminar in International Finance, Harvard Law School, 15 April 2002. Gunaratna R. (2004) The Post-Madrid Face of Al Qaeda. The Washington Quarterly, 27(3): 91-100. Gunaratna, R. (2003) Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. Berkley Publishing Group: New York. Gunaratna, R. (2000) The Lifeblood of Terrorist Organisations: Evolving Terrorist Financing Strategies. In Countering Terrorism Through International Cooperation, proceedings of the conference on Countering Terrorism Through Enhanced International Cooperation, 22-24 September 2000, Courmayeur, Mont Blanc, Italy. Holder, W. (2003) The International Monetary Funds Involvement in Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism. Journal of Money Laundering Control, Summer, 6(2): 379-382. Horgan, J. and M. Taylor (2003) Playing the 'Green Card'-- Financing the Provisional IRA: Part 2, Terrorism & Political Violence, 15(2): 1-60. Horgan, J. and M. Taylor (1999). Playing the Green Card: Financing the Provisional IRA Part 1, Terrorism and Political Violence, 11(1), 1-38. Hufbauer, G.C., J.J. Schott and B. Oegg (2001) Using Sanctions to Fight Terrorism. International Economics Policy Briefs, 01-11. IMF (2003) Suppressing the Financing of Terrorism: A Handbook for Legislative Drafting. IMF, Washington D.C. Jamwal, N.S. (2002) Terrorist Financing and Support Structures in Jammu and Kashmir, Strategic Analysis (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, New Delhi), 26(1). Jensen, K. (2002) On the Trail of Terror Bests Review, 103(5): 55-7.

PAGE 5

Johnson, J (2002) 11th September 2001: Will it Make a Difference to the Global Anti-Money Laundering Movement? Journal of Money Laundering Control, Summer, 6(1): 9-18. Kahler, M. (2002) Networks and Failed States: September 11 and the Long Twentieth Century. Paper prepared for the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, 29 August-1 September 2002, Boston, MA. Kantor, M. (2002) Effective Enforcement of International Obligations to Suppress the Financing of Terror, Task Force on Terrorism, American Society for International Law, November. Kishima, K. (2004) Japans Efforts in the Global Fight Against Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing. Journal of Money Laundering Control, 7(3): 261-263. Kupchinsky, R. (2003) Counterfeiting Terror, RFE/RL Organized Crime and Terror Watch, 3(20), 12 June 2003. Kupchinsky, R. (2002) Bankrolling Terror, RFE/RL Organized Crime and Terror Watch, 2(40), 21 November 2002. Kupchinsky, R. (2002) Financing Terror, RFE/RL Organized Crime and Terror Watch, 2(4), 31 January 2002. Levitt, M. (2004) Going to the Source: Why Al Qaedas Financial Network Is Likely to Withstand the Current War on Terrorist Financing. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 27 (3): 169-185. Levitt, M. (2003) Stemming the Flow of Terrorist Financing: Practical and Conceptual Challenges. The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 27(1): 59-70. Levitt M. (2002) Targeting Terror: U.S. Policy Toward Middle Eastern State Sponsors and Terrorist Organizations, Post September 11. Washington, DC: Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Levitt, M. (2002) The Network of Terrorist Financing. Edited version of testimony before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on International Finance, Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs, Aug. 1, 2002. Levitt, M. (2002) The Political Economy of Middle East Terrorism, Middle East Review of International Affairs Journal, 6(4).

PAGE 6

Liang, T.S. (2003) The Threat of Terrorism and Singapores Legislative Response to Terrorism Financing. Journal of Money Laundering Control, Autumn 2003, 7(2): 139-145. Looney, R.E. (2002) Following the Terrorist Informal Money Trail: The Hawala Financial Mechanism, Strategic Insights (Center for Contemporary Conflict), November. Masciandaro, D. (ed.) (2004) Global Financial Crime: Terrorism, Money Laundering and Offshore Centres. Aldershot: Ashgate. Morais, Herbert V. (2002) The War Against Money Laundering, Terrorism, and the Financing of Terrorism. Journal of the Law Association for Asia and the Pacific, LAWASIA 2002. Morais, Herbert V. (2001) Behind the Lines in the War on Terrorist Financing. International Financial Review. December 2001. Mylonaki, E. (2002) The Manipulation of Organized Crime by Terrorists: Legal and Factual Perspectives. International Criminal Law Review, 2: 213-35. Napoleoni, L. (2003) Modern Jihad: Tracing the Dollars Behind the Terror Networks. London: Pluto Press. Newcomb, D., R. Barnes and S. Elshihabi (2001) US tackles money laundering in anti-terror push. International Financial Law Review, 20(12): 40-42. Norgren, Claes. (2004) The Control of Risks Associated With Crime, Terror, and Subversion. Journal of Money Laundering Control, 7(3). OSullivan, M. (2003) Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism. Washington, D.C.: Brookings. Passas, N. (2003) Financial Controls of Terrorism and Informal Value Transfer Methods, in Transnational Organized Crime: Current Developments, Henk van de Bunt, Dina Siegel and Damin Zaitch (Eds). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers: Kluwer. Passas, N. (2003) Cross-border Crime and the Interface Between Legal and Illegal Actors. Security Journal 16(1): 19-37.

PAGE 7

Passas, N. (2003) Hawala and Other Informal Value Transfer Systems: How to Regulate Them. Risk Management. Excerpted here. Passas, N. (2002) Cross-border Crime and the Interface Between Legal and Illegal Actors. In van Duyne, von Lampe and N. Passas (Eds) Upperworld and Underworld in Cross-Border Crime, pp. 11-41. Nijmegen, The Netherlands: Wolf Legal Publishers. Paz, R. (2000) Targeting Terrorist Financing in the Middle East. Paper presented at the International Conference on Countering Terrorism through Enhanced International Cooperation, 22-24 September 2000, Courmayeur, Mont Blanc, Italy. Raphaeli, N. (2003) Financing of Terrorism: Sources, Methods and Channels, Terrorism and Political Violence, 15(4): 59-83. Renselaer, L. (2002). Terrorist Financing: The U.S. and International Response. Report to Congress, 6 December 2002. Rosand, E. (2003) Security Council Resolution 1373, The Counter-Terrorism Committee, and the Fight Against Terrorism. American Journal of International Law, 97: 333-41. Stern, J. (2003) Terror in the Name of God: Why Religious Militants Kill. New York: Harper Collins. Schott, P. (2002) Reference Guide to Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism: A Manual for Countries to Establish and Improve their Institutional Framework. World Bank and IMF: 2002. Thachuk, K.L. (2002) Terrorism's Financial Lifeline: Can It be Severed? Strategic Forum, 191. United Nations (2002) National Laws and Regulations on the Prevention and Suppression of International Terrorism. New York: United Nations Various Authors (2003). Journal of Money Laundering Control: Special Issue on Combating Terrorist Financing. Journal of Money Laundering Control, Winter 2003, 6(3).

PAGE 8

Various Authors. (2004) Update on the Global Campaign Against Terrorist Financing. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, June 2004. Various Authors (2002) Terrorist Financing: Report of an Independent Task Force. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2002. Various Authors (2002) Symposium: Responding to Rogue Regimes: From Smart Bombs to Smart Sanctions, New England Law Review, 36(4), 2002. Various Authors (2002) Workshop: The Economic Consequences of Global Terrorism, The Department of Macroeconomic Analysis and Forecasting at DIW Berlin (The German Institute for Economic Research), 14-15 June 2002. Various Authors (2002) Workshop on Terrorism: International Law, International Relations and Terrorism, Program on Global Security and Cooperation, Social Science Research Council, 14-15 November 2002. Ward, C. (2003) Building Capacity To Combat International Terrorism: The Role of the United Nations Security Council. Journal of Conflict & Security Law. 8(2): 289305. Wechsler, W. (2001) Strangling the Hydra: Targeting Al Qaedas Finances. In How Did This Happen? Terrorism and the New War, edited by J.F. Hoge, Jr. and G. Rose, pp. 129-44. New York: PublicAffairs Publishing. Weintraub, S. (2002) Disrupting the Financing of Terrorism. The Washington Quarterly, 25(1): 53-60. Winer, J.M. (2003) The Growing Role of International Institutions in Counterterrorism and Law Enforcement, Roundtable on Old Rules, New Threats (Council on Foreign Relations/American Society for International Law), 5 November 2003. Winer, J.M. (2003) Building Global Jurisdiction, Systems and Capacity To Build Global Security Or, Even a Superpower Needs Friends, Roundtable on Old Rules, New Threats (Council on Foreign Relations/American Society for International Law), 4 March 2003. Winer, J.M. and T. J. Roule (2003) The Finance of Illicit Resource Extraction. Revised paper presented at the Workshop on the Governance of Natural Resources and Revenues, Agence Franaise de Dveloppement, 9-10 December, 2002.

PAGE 9

Winer, J.M. and T. J. Roule (2002) Fighting Terrorist Finance. Survival, 44(3): 87104.

PAGE 10

b. Government documents (selected) (by country and date)


Hong Kong SAR David Carse (Deputy Chief Executive, Hong Kong Monetary Authority), AntiMoney Laundering and the Role of Supervision, Speech to Hong Kong Institute of Bankers, 23 August 2002. United States Congressional Hearing: House Committee on Financial Services The Hamas Asset Freeze and Other Government Efforts to Stop Terrorist Financing. 24 September 2003. Progress Since 9/11: The Effectiveness of the U.S. Anti-Terrorist Financing Efforts, 11 March 2003. Terrorist Financing: A Progress Report on Implementation of the USA PATRIOT Act, 19 September 2002. PATRIOT Act Oversight: Investigating Patterns of Terrorist Financing, 12 February 2002. Dismantling the Financial Infrastructure of Global Terrorism, 3 October 2001. Congressional Hearing: House Committee on International Relations Overview of International Terrorist Organizations, 26 March 2003. Congressional Hearing: Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Counterterror Initiatives and Concerns in the Terror Finance Program, 4 April 2004. The Financing of Terror Organizations, 22 October 2003. The Administrations National Money Laundering Strategy for 2002, 3 October 2002.

PAGE 11

The Role of Charities and NGOs in the Financing of Terrorist Activities, 1 August 2002. Financial War on Terrorism and Implementation of Money-Laundering Provisions in the USA PATRIOT Act, 29 January 2002. Hawala and Underground Terrorist Financing Mechanisms, 14 November 2001. Money Laundering and Terrorist Activities, 26 September 2001. Congressional Hearing: Senate Committee on Finance The Treasury Department and Terrorism Financing, 19 May 2004. The Financial War on Terrorism: Where We Are and Where Are We Going? 9 October 2002. Congressional Hearing: Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Diplomacy and the War on Terrorism, 18 March 2003. Congressional Hearing: Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs An Assessment of Current Efforts to Combat Terrorism Financing, 15 June 2004. Combating Terrorist Financing: Are We on the Right Track? 23 September 2003. Terrorism Financing: Origination, Organization, and Prevention. 7 July 2003. Illicit Diamonds, Conflict and Terrorism: The Role of U.S. Agencies in Fighting the Conflict Diamond Trade, 13 February 2002. Congressional Hearing: Senate Committee on the Judiciary Narco-Terrorism: International Drug Trafficking and Terrorism: A Dangerous Mix. 20 May 2003.

PAGE 12

The War Against Terrorism: Working Together to Protect America, 4 March, 2003. An Assessment Of The Tools Needed To Fight The Financing Of Terrorism, 20 November 2002. An Assessment of the Tools Needed to Fight the Financing of Terrorism. 13 November 2002. Tools Against Terror: How the Administration is Implementing New Laws in the Fight to Protect Our Homeland, 9 October 2002. Narco-Terror: The Worldwide Connection Between Drugs and Terror, 13 March 2002. Congressional Research Service Weiss, M.A. (2004), Terrorist Financing: Current Efforts and Policy Issues for Congress, CRS Report RL32539, 20 August 2004. Weiss, M.A. (2004), Terrorist Financing: The 9/11 Commission Recommendation, CRS Report RS21902, 5 August 2001. Prados, A.B., A. Kurth Cronin and C.M. Blanchard (2004) Saudi Arabia: Terrorist Financing Issues, CRS Report RL32499, 28 July 2004. Lee, R. (2002), Terrorist Financing: The U.S. and International Response, CRS Report RL31658, 6 December 2002. Murphy, M.M. (2001) International Money Laundering Abatement and AntiTerrorist Financing Act of 2001, Title III of P.L. 107-56, CRS Report RL31208, 4 December 2001. Department of the Treasury Treasury Department. 2003 National Money Laundering Strategy." Treasury Department. Progress in The War on Terrorist Financing. September 11 2003.

PAGE 13

Office of Foreign Asset Control, Terrorism: What You Need to Know About US Sanctions, updated 25 October 2002. Treasury Department, Fact Sheet: Contributions by the Department of the Treasury to the Financial War on Terrorism, September 2002. FinCEN reports under the PATRIOT Act are archived here. Government Accountability Office Investigations of Terrorist Financing, Money Laundering, and Other Financial Crimes. GAO: 2004. Federal Agencies Face Continuing Challenges in Addressing Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering. GAO: 2004. Stana, Richard M. Investigations of Terrorist Financing, Money Laundering and Other Financial Crimes. GAO: 2004. Terrorist Financing: U.S. Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms. GAO: 2003. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States Wolosky, Lee, Statement made at the first public hearing of the Commission, 1 April 2003. The 9/11 Commission Report. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. July 2004. "Monograph on Terrorist Financing" Staff Report, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. August 2004. State Department Realuyo, C.B. (Policy Advisor, Counterterrorism Office) Combating the Financing of Terrorism, Remarks to Western Union International Compliance Conference, New York, New York, September 18, 2002.

PAGE 14

Singapore Lim, Raymond (Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and for Trade and Industry, Singapore) Opening Statement, Opening remarks at the Counter Terrorism Finance Workshop jointly hosted by Singapore and the United States, Marina Mandarin, Singapore, 21 January 2003. Miscellaneous Governments of Indonesia and Australia, Co-Chairs Report: Conference on Combating Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing, Bali, 17-18 December, 2002.

PAGE 15

c. Documents of Intergovernmental Organisations (by IGO and date)


ADB Asian Development Bank, Manual on Countering Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism, March 2003. African Union OAU Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism. APEC APEC Leaders Statement on Fighting Terrorism and Promoting Growth, Los Cabos, Mexico, 26 October 2002. Website of APECs Counter Terrorism Task Force (CTTF). Arab League The Arab Convention for the Suppression of Terrorism, April 1998. ASEAN H.R.H. Prince Mohamed Bolkiah (Chairman of the ASEAN Regional Forum), ARF Statement on Measures Against Terrorist Financing, Statement issued on behalf of participants in the ASEAN Regional Forum, 30 July 2002. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision Sharing of financial records between jurisdictions in connection with the fight against terrorist financing, Basel Committee Publications No. 89, April 2002. Commonwealth Commonwealth Secretariat, Model Legislative Provisions on Measures to Combat Terrorism, September 2002. Commonwealth of Independent States

PAGE 16

CIS. Treaty on Co-operation Among the States Members of the Commonwealth of Independent States in Combating Terrorism. 1999. European Union The Council of the European Union. Guidlelines on Implementation and Evaluation of Restrictive Measures (Sanctions) in the Framework of the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy. 3 December 2003. Egmont Group Official List of Egmont FIUs, 25 July 2003. With Links. Information Paper on Financial Intelligence Units and the Egmont Group Council of Europe European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism. 1997. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SAARC Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism. 1987. FATF Annual Report 2003-2004. 2 July 2004. Interpretative Note to Special Recommendation II: Criminalising the financing of terrorism and associated money laundering 2 July 2004. Methodology for Assessing Compliance with the FATF 40 Recommendations and the FATF 8 Special Recommendations 27 February 2004. Annual Report 2002-2003. 20 June 2003. The Forty Recommendations, 20 June 2003. Interpretive Note to Special Recommendation VI: Alternative Remittance, 14 February 2003.

PAGE 17

Interpretive Note to Special Recommendation VII: Wire Transfers, 14 February 2003. Public Consultation on a Proposed Interpretative Note to Special Recommendation VII: Wire Transfers, 11 October 2002. Combating the Abuse of Non-Profit Organisations: International Best Practices, 11 October 2002. Annual Report 2001-02, 21 June 2002. Guidance for Financial Institutions in Detecting Terrorist Financing, 24 April 2002. Guidance Notes for the Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing and the Self-Assessment Questionnaire, 27 March 2002. Self-Assessment Questionnaire: Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing, 31 January 2002. Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing, 31 October 2001. Reports on Money Laundering Typologies: 1999-2000; 2000-2001; 2001-2002; 2002-2003; and 2003-2004. FATF Style Regional Bodies Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering (APG) Caribbean Financial Action Task Force (CFATF) Council of Europe: Select Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures (MONEYVAL) Eastern and Southern African Money Laundering Group (ESAAMLG) South American Financial Action Task Force (GAFISUD) G-7, G-8, G-20 G-8 Justice and Home Affairs Ministers, Recommendations for Enhancing the Legal Framework to Prevent Terrorist Attacks, 11 May 2004.

PAGE 18

G-8 Leaders, Building International Political Will and Capacity to Combat Terrorism: a G8 Action Plan, 2003 G-8 Summit, Evian. G-8 Finance Ministers, Finance Ministers Statement, Statement released prior to the Evian Summit, 17 May 2003. G-8 Leaders, G8 Counter-Terrorism Cooperation Since September 11, 26 June 2002. G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, G-20 Action Plan on Terrorist Financing, November 16-17 2001 G-7 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, Action Plan to Combat the Financing of Terrorism, 6 October 2001. G-8 Leaders, Statement by the G8 Leaders on Terrorism, 19 September 2001. IMF and World Bank Carstens, Augustins. Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism: The Challenges Ahead, Remarks by Agustn Carstens, Deputy Managing Director, IMF. 4 June 2004. Twelve-Month Pilot Program of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) Assessments, Joint Report on the Review of the Pilot Program, March 10, 2004. 10 March 2004. Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) -Status Report of the Work of the IMF and the World Bank on the Twelve-Month Pilot Program of AML/CFT Assessments and Delivery of AML/CFT Technical Assistance. 5 September 2003. Maimbo, S. The Money Exchange Dealers of Kabul: A Study of the Hawala System in Afghanistan. August 1, 2003. IMF and World Bank, Twelve-Month Pilot Program of Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) Assessments and Delivery of AML/CFT Technical Assistance: Joint Interim Progress Report of the Work of the IMF and the World Bank, 31 March, 2003.

PAGE 19

IMF, Report on the Outcome of the FATF Plenary Meeting and Proposal for the Endorsement of the Methodology for Assessing Compliance with Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) Standard, 8 November, 2002. Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism - Toward a New Global Standard, Webcast seminar as part of joint meeting of FATF, IMF and World Bank, 27 September, 2002. (In two parts: here and here). Intensified Work on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT): Joint Progress Report on the Work of the IMF and World Bank, 25 September, 2002. Aninat, E., D. Hardy, and R.B. Johnston (2002) Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism. Finance and Development, 39(3). IMF, Intensified Work on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT): Progress Report on Responses to the AML/CFT Questionnaire, 10 September, 2002. Intensified Work on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) Joint Progress Report on the Work of the World Bank and the IMF, 10 September 2002. IMF, The IMF and the Fight Against Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism: A Factsheet, 31 August, 2002. World Bank and IMF, Twelve-Month Pilot Program of AML/CFT Assessments Joint Progress Report on the Review of the Pilot Program. 25 Mar 2004. World Bank and IMF, Joint Interim Progress Report of the Work of the World Bank and the IMF. March 2003. World Bank, Comprehensive Reference Guide to Anti-Money Laundering and Combatting the Financing of Terrorism World Bank. Informal Funds Transfer Systems in the APEC Region: Initial Findings and a Framework for Further Analysis. September 2003.

PAGE 20

IMF Financial System Stability Assessment of: Hong Kong (15 April 2003); United Kingdom (3 March 2003); Slovak Republic (13 September 2003). Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT): Proposals To Assess A Global Standard And To Prepare ROSCs, 17 July, 2002. World Bank and IMF, Fund and Bank Methodology for Assessing Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT Methodology), July 2002. Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT): Materials Concerning Staff Progress Towards the Development of a Comprehensive AML/CFT Methodology and Assessment Process, 11 June, 2002. Wilson, John, Hawala and other Informal Payment Systems: An Economic Perspective, Paper prepared for an IMF-sponsored seminar on Current Developments in Monetary and Financial Law, 16 May 2002. Forget, L. Combating the Financing of Terrorism: Seminar on Current Developments in Monetary and Financial Law, 10 May, 2002. Intensified Work on Anti-Money Laundering And Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT). Joint Progress Report on the Work of the IMF and World Bank, 17 April, 2002. World Bank, Action Plan: Proposed Action for Enhancing the Banks Ability to Respond to Clients in Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism, SecM2002-0006, 22 January, 2002. IMF, Action Plan: Intensified Fund Involvement in Anti-Money Laundering Work and Combating the Financing of Terrorism, SM/01/328, 5 November, 2001. World Bank Institute, Anti-Money Laundering Literature Search General. Not dated. World Bank Institute, Anti-Money Laundering Literature Search Organized Crime. Not dated. OAS and related Inter-American Convention Against Terrorism, Adopted 3 June 2002.

PAGE 21

Finance Ministers of the Western Hemisphere countries, Western Hemisphere Finance Ministers Action Plan on Combating the Financing of Terrorism, 27 September 2002. OSCE OSCE, OSCE Charter on Preventing and Combating Terrorism, Tenth Meeting of the Ministerial Council, 6-7 December 2002. UN Office on Drugs and Crime. An Overview of the UN Conventions and the International Standards Concerning Anti-Money Laundering Legislation. February 2004. The page United Nations Actions Against Terrorism provides a comprehensive list of links to UN counter-terrorism efforts, including to documentation and sites maintained by UN specialized agencies. The Security Councils Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) has collected reports of Member States, generic expert advice and other related documents.

PAGE 22

d. Documents of Nongovernment Organisations (by NGO and date)


Conference Statement, Second International Conference on Hawala. 5 April 2003. Abu Dhabi Declaration on Hawala, 16 May 2002. ASPI (Australian Strategic Policy Institute) Barbage, Ross, Recovering from Terror Attacks: A Proposal for Regional Cooperation, 5 July 2002. Center for Defense Information Keats, A. CDI Primer: Anti-Terrorist Finances, 28 October 2002. Keats, A. CDI Fact Sheet: Anti-Terrorist Finance Measures, 28 October 2002. Huang, R. Mounting Costs of the Financial War Against Terrorism, 20 December 2001. Global Witness, For a Few Dollars More: How al Qaeda Moved Into the Diamond Trade, April 2003. International Crisis Group, Islamic Social Welfare Activism In The Occupied Palestinian Territories: A Legitimate Target? 2 April, 2003. Terrorist Financing: Report of an Independent Task Force Sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, M.R. Greenberg (Chair), W.F. Wechsler and L.S Wolosky (Project Co-Directors), October 2002. United Nations Association of the USA, Combating Terrorism: Does the UN Matter And How (Jeffrey Laurenti, ed.), 2002. Wolfsberg Group, Wolfsberg Statement on the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, January 2002.